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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315179/decrements-in-health-related-quality-of-life-associated-with-gender-nonconformity-among-u-s-adolescents-and-young-adults
#1
Allegra R Gordon, Nancy Krieger, Cassandra A Okechukwu, Sebastien Haneuse, Mihail Samnaliev, Brittany M Charlton, S Bryn Austin
PURPOSE: Gender nonconformity, that is, transgressing conventionally "masculine" vs. "feminine" characteristics, is often stigmatized. Stigmatization and discrimination are social stressors that raise risk of adverse mental and physical health outcomes and may drive health inequities. However, little is known about the relationship between such social stressors and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). This paper aimed to examine associations between perceived gender nonconformity and HRQOL in a cohort of U...
March 17, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296718/qualitative-methods-in-the-development-of-a-bilingual-and-bicultural-quality-of-life-outcomes-measure-for-pediatric-patients-with-craniofacial-conditions
#2
Viridiana Juarez Tapia, Julia Helene Drizin, Cecilia Dalle Ore, Marcelo Nieto, Yajahira Romero, Sandra Magallon, Rohith Nayak, Alicia Sigler, Vanessa Malcarne, Amanda Gosman
INTRODUCTION: Craniofacial surgeons treat patients with diverse craniofacial conditions (CFCs). Yet, little is known about the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) impact of diverse CFCs. Currently, there are no suitable instruments that measure the HRQoL of patients with diverse CFCs from the perspective of children and parents. The objective of this study was to develop the items and support the content validity of a comprehensive patient and parent-reported outcomes measure. METHODS: An iterative process consisting of a systematic literature review, expert opinion and in-depth interviews with patients and parents of patients with diverse CFCs was used...
March 14, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279546/rct-testing-bystander-effectiveness-to-reduce-violence
#3
Ann L Coker, Heather M Bush, Patricia G Cook-Craig, Sarah A DeGue, Emily R Clear, Candace J Brancato, Bonnie S Fisher, Eileen A Recktenwald
INTRODUCTION: Bystander-based programs have shown promise to reduce interpersonal violence at colleges, yet limited rigorous evaluations have addressed bystander intervention effectiveness in high schools. This study evaluated the Green Dot bystander intervention to reduce sexual violence and related forms of interpersonal violence in 26 high schools over 5 years. DESIGN: A cluster RCT was conducted. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Kentucky high schools were randomized to intervention or control (wait list) conditions...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276918/perceived-anticipated-and-experienced-stigma-exploring-manifestations-and-implications-for-young-people-s-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-access-to-care-in-north-western-tanzania
#4
Laura Nyblade, Melissa Stockton, Daniel Nyato, Joyce Wamoyi
Young people - particularly girls and young women in sub-Saharan Africa - face significant challenges accessing sexual and reproductive health information and services. These challenges are shaped in part by sociocultural factors, including stigma. This paper presents findings from a qualitative study that explored the micro-level social process of stigma surrounding young people's sexual and reproductive health in two communities in Tanzania. Respondents described an environment of pervasive stigma surrounding the sexual and reproductive health of unmarried young people...
February 22, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260613/sexual-harassment-in-care-work-dilemmas-and-consequences-a-qualitative-investigation
#5
Maj Britt D Nielsen, Susie Kjær, Per T Aldrich, Ida E H Madsen, Maria K Friborg, Reiner Rugulies, Anna P Folker
BACKGROUND: Care workers are often exposed to sexual harassment from patients. Research shows that such exposure may have detrimental effects on mental health of the care workers. Inappropriate sexual behaviour from patients is a particular challenge for formal and informal care workers alike. There is a scarceness of studies investigating the experience and the handling of sexual harassment from patients. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the experience and handling of sexual harassment from patients in care work...
February 24, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257566/male-mimicking-females-increase-male-male-interactions-and-decrease-male-survival-and-condition-in-a-female-polymorphic-damselfly
#6
Eben J Gering
Biologists are still discovering diverse and powerful ways sexual conflicts shape biodiversity. The present study examines how the proportion of females in a population that exhibit male mimicry, a mating resistance trait, influences conspecific males' behavior, condition and survival. Like most female-polymorphic damselflies, Ischnura ramburii harbors both "andromorph" females, which closely resemble males, and sexually dimorphic "gynomorph" counterparts. There is evidence that male mimicry helps andromorphs evade detection and harassment, but males can also learn to target locally prevalent morph(s) via prior mate encounters...
March 3, 2017: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225658/lgbtq-part-2
#7
Tracy Perron, Connie Kartoz, Chaya Himelfarb
In addition to dealing with the normal challenges of being a teenager, many times LGBTQ youth have to deal with harassment, intimidation, and bullying on a daily basis as they disproportionately experience verbal and physical harassment while in school as a result of their sexual orientation and/or gender identity. This violence adversely affects these students' health and well-being as reflected in the depression and suicide rate among LGBTQ youth. As Part 2 of a series in articles on caring for LGBTQ youth in a school setting, this article reviews specific health risks in this group of students...
March 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212481/-workplace-bullying-during-specialty-training-in-a-pediatric-hospital-in-mexico-a-little-noticed-phenomenon
#8
Ana Carolina Sepúlveda-Vildósola, Alma Rebeca Mota-Nova, Germán Enrique Fajardo-Dolci, L Isabel Reyes-Lagunes
BACKGROUND: Workplace bullying (WB) is a hostile or intimidating behavior that is practiced against workers and has a negative impact on health, job performance, and the learning process. The objective was to research WB magnitude and its associated factors in Mexico. METHODS: Mixed method study. A survey was designed and administered to all the residents in a pediatric hospital in Mexico who agreed to participate. The survey was divided in two sections: a) resident self-reported events of workplace bullying and associated factors, b) situations and factors of abuse were interrogated in a targeted manner...
2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209282/intimate-partner-violence-screening-in-the-veterans-health-administration-demographic-and-military-service-characteristics
#9
Melissa E Dichter, Terri N Haywood, Anneliese E Butler, Scarlett L Bellamy, Katherine M Iverson
INTRODUCTION: Intimate partner violence (IPV) includes psychological, physical, or sexual aggression by a current or former intimate partner and is associated with a wide range of health and social impacts, especially for women. Women veterans may be at increased risk for experiencing IPV, and some Veterans Health Administration (VHA) facilities have initiated routine screening of female patients for past-year IPV. This study presents the first examination of clinical IPV screening responses recorded from female VHA patients across 13 facilities nationwide, and identifies associations with patient demographic and military service characteristics...
February 10, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205644/bribery-games-on-inter-dependent-regular-networks
#10
Prateek Verma, Anjan K Nandi, Supratim Sengupta
We examine a scenario of social conflict that is manifest during an interaction between government servants providing a service and citizens who are legally entitled to the service, using evolutionary game-theory in structured populations characterized by an inter-dependent network. Bribe-demands by government servants during such transactions, called harassment bribes, constitute a widespread form of corruption in many countries. We investigate the effect of varying bribe demand made by corrupt officials and the cost of complaining incurred by harassed citizens, on the proliferation of corrupt strategies in the population...
February 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196499/workplace-violence-towards-nurses-in-hong-kong-prevalence-and-correlates
#11
Teris Cheung, Paul S F Yip
BACKGROUND: Nurses are especially vulnerable to violent and other forms of aggression in the workplace. Nonetheless, few population-based studies of workplace violence have been undertaken among working-age nurse professionals in Hong Kong in the last decade. METHODS: The study estimates the prevalence and examines the socio-economic and psychological correlates of workplace violence (WPV) among professional nurses in Hong Kong. The study uses a cross-sectional survey design...
February 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194041/initial-development-and-validation-of-the-bullyharm-the-bullying-harassment-and-aggression-receipt-measure
#12
William J Hall
This article describes the development and preliminary validation of the Bullying, Harassment, and Aggression Receipt Measure (BullyHARM). The development of the BullyHARM involved a number of steps and methods, including a literature review, expert review, cognitive testing, readability testing, data collection from a large sample, reliability testing, and confirmatory factor analysis. A sample of 275 middle school students was used to examine the psychometric properties and factor structure of the BullyHARM, which consists of 22 items and 6 subscales: physical bullying, verbal bullying, social/relational bullying, cyber-bullying, property bullying, and sexual bullying...
November 2016: Psychology in the Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192276/abortion-health-services-in-canada-results-of-a-2012-national-survey
#13
MULTICENTER STUDY
Wendy V Norman, Edith R Guilbert, Christopher Okpaleke, Althea S Hayden, E Steven Lichtenberg, Maureen Paul, Katharine O'Connell White, Heidi E Jones
OBJECTIVE: To determine the location of Canadian abortion services relative to where reproductive-age women reside, and the characteristics of abortion facilities and providers. DESIGN: An international survey was adapted for Canadian relevance. Public sources and professional networks were used to identify facilities. The bilingual survey was distributed by mail and e-mail from July to November 2013. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 94 abortion facilities were identified...
April 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190422/cyclists
#14
Kristiann C Heesch, Amy Schramm, Ashim Kumar Debnath, Narelle Haworth
Issues addressed: Cyclists' perceptions of harassment from motorists discourages cycling. This study examined changes in cyclists' reporting of harassment pre- to post-introduction of the Queensland trial of the minimum passing distance road rule amendment (MPD-RRA).Methods: Cross-sectional online surveys of cyclists in Queensland, Australia were conducted in 2009 (pre-trial; n=1758) and 2015 (post-trial commencement; n=1997). Cyclists were asked about their experiences of harassment from motorists while cycling...
February 9, 2017: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169873/physical-and-sexual-violence-affecting-female-sex-workers-in-abidjan-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire-prevalence-and-the-relationship-between-violence-the-work-environment-hiv-and-access-to-health-services
#15
Carrie Lyons, Sosthenes Ketende, Fatou Drame, Ashley Grosso, Daouda Diouf, Ibrahima Ba, Kate Shannon, Rebecca Ezouatchi, Amara Bamba, Abo Kouame, Stefan Baral
BACKGROUND: Violence is a human rights violation, and an important measure in understanding HIV among female sex workers (FSW). However, limited data exist regarding correlates of violence among FSW in Côte d'Ivoire. Characterizing prevalence and determinants of violence and the relationship with structural risks for HIV can inform development and implementation of comprehensive HIV prevention and treatment programs. METHODS: FSW > 18 years were recruited through respondent driven sampling (RDS) in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167148/the-association-between-male-biased-sex-ratio-and-indicators-of-stress-in-red-spotted-newts
#16
Andrea S Aspbury, Kristine L Grayson, Selamawit Fantaye, Ian Nichols, Miranda Myers-Burton, Xavier Ortiz-Mangual, Caitlin R Gabor
In populations with a male-biased operational sex ratio, coercive mating by males can have fitness consequences for females. One component of reduced fitness for females in populations with a male-biased OSR may be greater activation of the stress response, resulting in higher corticosterone release rates (CORT; a glucocorticoid stress hormone in amphibians). We test the hypothesis that a male-biased sex ratio affects female activity and release rates of CORT and testosterone (T) in male and female red-spotted newts (Notophthalmus viridescens)...
February 3, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155317/the-pattern-and-correlates-of-intimate-partner-violence-among-women-in-kano-nigeria
#17
Tanko S Tanimu, Stephen Yohanna, Suleiman Y Omeiza
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) has been increasingly recognised as a major public health and human rights problem that cuts across all populations, irrespective of social, economic, religious or cultural groups. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence, pattern and correlates of IPV among women attending the General Out Patient Clinic of Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria. It was also designed to determine the pattern of health complications associated with IPV as well as the perception of women on intimate partner violence...
November 29, 2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141720/sexuality-and-intellectual-disability
#18
Jodi Wenger, Alison Downes, Nathan Blum, Marilyn Augustyn
Amad is a wonderful 16-year-old young man from Syria who has recently relocated to the United States from his war-torn native country. In his last few years in Syria, he was primarily at home with his mother, and they sought refuge with a maternal aunt in the United States seeking asylum and treatment of Amad's disability.At 8 years of age, he had intelligence testing in the United Arab Emirates, which showed a verbal intelligence score on the Wechsler intelligence scale for children (WISC) of 68 and a performance of 64...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135599/impact-of-military-trauma-exposures-on-posttraumatic-stress-and-depression-in-female-veterans
#19
Lizabeth A Goldstein, Julie Dinh, Rosemary Donalson, Claire L Hebenstreit, Shira Maguen
Previous research has demonstrated the deleterious effects of traumatic military experiences on symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression in female veterans. However, more research is needed to identify the unique predictors of distressing psychological symptoms when both combat-related and sexual trauma are considered, particularly as women's combat exposure in the military increases. Female veterans who had attended at least one appointment at a large Veterans Health Administration medical center were invited to complete questionnaires about traumatic military exposures and psychiatric symptoms...
March 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133492/minimization-of-male-suffering-social-perception-of-victims-and-perpetrators-of-opposite-sex-sexual-coercion
#20
Anna Magda Studzinska, Denis Hilton
Studies show equal impact of sexual harassment (SH) on men and women, whereas lay perceptions are that women suffer more. We identify the phenomenon of minimization of male suffering (MMS), which occurs when people assume that SH has less effect on men's well-being and which results in the perpetrators of SH on men being evaluated less harshly. To verify whether these effects occur, we conducted two studies in which we presented stories describing acts of sexual coercion (SC, study 1) and SC or financial coercion (FC, study 2) and measured the perceived suffering of victims and the perception of the perpetrators...
2017: Sexuality Research & Social Policy: Journal of NSRC: SR & SP
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