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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776796/-stalking-from-romantic-pursuit-to-sexual-predation
#1
Virginie Cailleau, Ghina Harika-Germaneau, Alexia Delbreil, Nematollah Jaafari
Deriving from the English verb "to stalk", stalking denotes an unwelcome, repetitive, and intrusive harassing and/or threatening behavior directed toward a specific individual, and can result in physical and/or sexual offending - even leading to homicide. French harassment legislation has evolved over the years, and the last law closest to the international anti-stalking laws had been promulgated in 2014. According to a review, up to 16% of women and 7% of men are stalked in their life, and 80% of the stalkers are known to their victims...
May 15, 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771207/the-stopit-programme-to-reduce-bullying-and-undermining-behaviour-in-hospitals
#2
Graham Benmore, Steven Henderson, Joanna Mountfield, Brian Wink
Purpose The impact of bullying and undermining behaviours on the National Health Service on costs, patient safety and retention of staff was well understood even before the Illing report, published in 2013, that reviewed the efficacy of training interventions designed to reduce bullying and harassment in the outputs. The purpose of this paper is to provide an example of a good programme well evaluated. Design/methodology/approach The methodology follows a broad realist approach, by specifying the underlying programme assumptions and intention of the designers...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760353/direct-and-indirect-harassment-experiences-and-burnout-among-academic-faculty-in-japan
#3
Masumi Takeuchi, Kyoko Nomura, Saki Horie, Hiroko Okinaga, Chithra R Perumalswami, Reshma Jagsi
The purpose of this study is three-fold: (1) to compare harassment (sexual, gender, and academic harassment both directly and indirectly experienced - i.e. "directly harassed" and "have seen or heard of someone who experienced harassment", respectively) experienced by males and females, (2) to investigate whether such experiences correlate with burnout, and (3) to explore whether social support might mitigate any such relationship between harassment and burnout. This cross-sectional study was conducted at a private university in Japan in February 2014 and is based on a work-life balance survey obtained from 330 academic faculty members...
2018: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759041/naming-the-unspeakable-harm-of-street-harassment-a-survey-based-examination-of-disclosure-practices
#4
Bianca Fileborn
Street harassment may be considered an "unspeakable" harm on account of the routine silencing and trivialization of victims' experiences. Disclosing street harassment is vital in making its harms visible and in working to transform social and cultural attitudes. Despite a recent resurgence of interest in street harassment via online activist groups, there is scant research on disclosure practices. Drawing on findings from an online, mixed-methods survey with 292 participants who have experienced street harassment, I examine disclosure practices using an intersectional lens...
May 1, 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746704/the-evolutionary-history-of-colour-polymorphism-in-ischnura-damselflies
#5
Rosa A Sánchez-Guillén, Adolfo Cordero-Rivera, Anais Rivas-Torres, Maren Wellenreuther, Seth Bybee, Bengt Hansson, María I Velasquez-Vélez, Emilio Realpe, Jesús R Chávez-Ríos, Fabricio Villalobos, Henri Dumont
A major challenge in evolutionary biology consists of understanding how genetic and phenotypic variation is created and maintained. In the present study, we investigated the origin(s) and evolutionary patterns of the female-limited colour polymorphism in ischnuran damselflies. These consist of the presence of one to three colour morphs: one androchrome morph with a colouration that is similar to the male, and two gynochrome morphs (infuscans and aurantiaca) with female-specific colouration. We (i) documented the colour and mating system of 44 of the 75 taxa within the genus Ischnura, (ii) reconstructed the evolutionary history of colour and mating system to identify the ancestral state, (iii) evaluated the stability of the colour morph status over time, and (iv) tested for a correlation between colour and mating system...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743701/harassment-should-count-as-scientific-misconduct
#6
Erika Marín-Spiotta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742671/a-call-to-action-to-address-gender-equity-within-our-specialty-time-s-up-on-waiting-for-change
#7
Laura Baecher-Lind, Jodi Abbott, Katharyn Meredith Atkins, J Biba Nijjar, Celeste Royce, Lauren Schiff, Hope A Ricciotti
Although national attention has been focused on sexual harassment and gender inequity in the United States, leaders within the obstetrics and gynecology community have remained relatively silent. Sexual harassment and gender inequity remain pervasive in our specialty. This article serves as a call to action for leadership as well as physicians within obstetrics and gynecology to implement ethical and evidence-based approaches to reduce gender inequity and improve workplace culture within our specialty.
May 7, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740132/report-harassment-or-risk-losing-funding-says-top-uk-science-funder
#8
Holly Else
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733320/harvesting-venom-toxins-from-assassin-bugs-and-other-heteropteran-insects
#9
Andrew Allan Walker, Max Rosenthal, Eivind E A Undheim, Glenn F King
Heteropteran insects such as assassin bugs (Reduviidae) and giant water bugs (Belostomatidae) descended from a common predaceous and venomous ancestor, and the majority of extant heteropterans retain this trophic strategy. Some heteropterans have transitioned to feeding on vertebrate blood (such as the kissing bugs, Triatominae; and bed bugs, Cimicidae) while others have reverted to feeding on plants (most Pentatomomorpha). However, with the exception of saliva used by kissing bugs to facilitate blood-feeding, little is known about heteropteran venoms compared to the venoms of spiders, scorpions and snakes...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727429/perceived-discrimination-harassment-and-abuse-in-physician-assistant-education-a-pilot-study
#10
Michelle DiBaise, Lisa Tshuma, Darin Ryujin, Susan LeLacheur
PURPOSE: A 2014 meta-analysis found that by graduation, 16.6% of medical students had reported abuse, harassment, or discrimination and that this hostile environment caused an increase in depression and anxiety. The purpose of this research study was to increase the understanding of discrimination and psychological/physical abuse in physician assistant (PA) education programs and the potential impact on student attrition. METHODS: Information was collected using an online, anonymous survey that asked about witnessed or experienced discrimination and psychological or physical abuse during the didactic and clinical years of training in PA programs in the United States...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717635/sexual-and-gender-minority-health-in-medical-curricula-in-new-england-a-pilot-study-of-medical-student-comfort-competence-and-perception-of-curricula
#11
Nicole Sitkin Zelin, Charlotte Hastings, Brendin R Beaulieu-Jones, Caroline Scott, Ana Rodriguez-Villa, Cassandra Duarte, Christopher Calahan, Alexander J Adami
BACKGROUND: Sexual and gender minority (SGM) individuals experience high rates of harassment and discrimination when seeking healthcare, which contributes to substantial healthcare disparities. Improving physician training about gender identity, sexual orientation, and the healthcare needs of SGM patients has been identified as a critical strategy for mitigating these disparities. In 2014, the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) published medical education competencies to guide undergraduate medical education on SGM topics...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713356/sudden-unexpected-cardio-respiratory-arrest-after-venipuncture-in-children
#12
Goun Jeong, Son Moon Shin, Nam Su Kim, Young Min Ahn
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the clinical and socioenvironmental characteristics of sudden cardiorespiratory arrest after venipuncture in children. Methods: We conducted a retrospective email-based survey of all members of the Korean Pediatric Society. The questionnaire included items on patient demographics, socioenvironmental circumstances of the venipuncture, type of cardiorespiratory arrest, symptoms and signs, treatment, prognosis, and presumed cause of the arrest...
April 2018: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707640/footprints-preserve-terminal-pleistocene-hunt-human-sloth-interactions-in-north-america
#13
David Bustos, Jackson Jakeway, Tommy M Urban, Vance T Holliday, Brendan Fenerty, David A Raichlen, Marcin Budka, Sally C Reynolds, Bruce D Allen, David W Love, Vincent L Santucci, Daniel Odess, Patrick Willey, H Gregory McDonald, Matthew R Bennett
Predator-prey interactions revealed by vertebrate trace fossils are extremely rare. We present footprint evidence from White Sands National Monument in New Mexico for the association of sloth and human trackways. Geologically, the sloth and human trackways were made contemporaneously, and the sloth trackways show evidence of evasion and defensive behavior when associated with human tracks. Behavioral inferences from these trackways indicate prey selection and suggest that humans were harassing, stalking, and/or hunting the now-extinct giant ground sloth in the terminal Pleistocene...
April 2018: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704488/bribery-games-on-interdependent-complex-networks
#14
Prateek Verma, Anjan K Nandi, Supratim Sengupta
Bribe demands present a social conflict scenario where decisions have wide-ranging economic and ethical consequences. Nevertheless, such incidents occur daily in many countries across the globe. Harassment bribery constitute a significant sub-set of such bribery incidents where a government official demands a bribe for providing a service to a citizen legally entitled to it. We employ an evolutionary game-theoretic framework to analyse the evolution of corrupt and honest strategies in structured populations characterized by an interdependent complex network...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701600/the-credibility-of-testimony-from-minors-allegedly-victims-of-abuse-within-the-italian-legislative-framework
#15
REVIEW
G Montanari Vergallo, E Marinelli, V Mastronardi, N M di Luca, S Zaami
The authors aim to analyze the key aspects related to the testimony of children who might have been victims of sexual harassment and abuse. The issue of medico-legal psychiatric assessment of minors who claim to have been sexually abused is extremely contentious and widely-debated, not only due to the growing spread of such claims, but also on account of the technical challenges it raises. For these reasons, national as well as European lawmakers have intervened by enacting new legislation, and scientific communities have established new sets of guidelines aimed at improving the overall conditions under which a child is called to testify as well as the process through which depositions are collected and evaluated, so as to ensure that any assessment of the reliability of the testimony is scientifically grounded...
January 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698272/sexual-harassment-in-nursing-a-long-standing-but-rarely-studied-problem
#16
Roxanne Nelson
The #MeToo and #TimesUp movements have relevance for nurses.
May 2018: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695334/claims-of-sexual-harassment-and-assault-threaten-un-agency
#17
John Zarocostas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695331/sexual-harassment-and-abuse-the-sinister-underbelly
#18
EDITORIAL
The Lancet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686044/locum-is-struck-off-over-relentless-sexual-harassment
#19
Clare Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 23, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672106/mmpi-2-rf-characteristics-of-veterans-seeking-treatment-for-military-sexual-trauma
#20
Eliza S McManus, Lisa-Ann J Cuccurullo, Madeline Uddo, C Laurel Franklin
Military sexual trauma (MST) is defined as experiences of sexual assault or repeated, threatening, harassment during military service. MST events may not qualify within posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) Criterion A, making symptoms associated with MST unique from trauma-related disorders. Little research has been done to understand those presenting for MST treatment. Thus, this article provides Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory 2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) scores of 33 U.S. veterans who experienced MST in an effort to better understand psychological and personality characteristics of this important and unique group of veterans...
April 2018: Psychological Assessment
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