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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437217/fleeing-the-ivory-tower-gender-differences-in-the-turnover-experiences-of-women-faculty
#1
Larry R Martinez, Katharine R O'Brien, Michelle R Hebl
PURPOSE: Prior research has established that women and men faculty have different experiences in their professional and personal lives and that academic turnover can be costly and disruptive to home institutions. However, relatively little research has examined gender differences in the antecedent events that contributed to faculty members' voluntary turnover decisions. This study aims to fill this gap. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Qualitative and quantitative data were obtained in two ways: by directly contacting faculty members who had voluntarily left their positions through the human resource departments at six institutions and through more wide-scale snowball sampling...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433568/the-role-of-copulatory-plugs-in-the-mosquito-parasitic-nematode-strelkovimermis-spiculatus
#2
Yu-Han Lan, Yi Wang, Randy Gaugler
The mosquito-parasitic nematode, Strelkovimermis spiculatus (Mermithidae: Nematoda) emerges from hosts and aggregates to form mating clusters characterized by intense male-male competition for females. Successful males deposit an adhesive copulatory plug over the female vulva after insemination. In choice experiments, males strongly preferred virgin females, whereas plugged females were ignored. Males made no attempt to displace copulatory plugs deposited by previous males. Plugged females repelled males without the need for physical contact...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430013/barriers-to-access-to-sterile-syringes-as-perceived-by-pharmacists-and-injecting-drug-users-implications-for-harm-reduction-in-lebanon
#3
Ali Ghaddar, Karine Nassar, Ghadier Elsoury
BACKGROUND: Access to sterile syringes to injecting drug users (IDU) reduces sharing behavior and prevents the transmission of HIV. OBJECTIVES: To describe the barriers to access to sterile syringes for IDUs in Lebanon from the perspectives of pharmacists and IDUs. METHODS: in this qualitative study conducted in Lebanon, data were collected from 72 syringe purchase tests at pharmacies, 64 interviewees with pharmacists and 2 focus groups with injecting drug users...
April 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428376/society-labels-harassment-as-research-misconduct
#4
Maggie Kuo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426358/effects-of-workplace-generalized-and-sexual-harassment-on-abusive-drinking-among-first-year-male-and-female-college-students-does-prior-drinking-experience-matter
#5
Kathleen M Rospenda, Kaori Fujishiro, Meredith McGinley, Jennifer M Wolff, Judith A Richman
BACKGROUND: Workplace harassment, a known risk factor for adult drinking, is understudied in college samples, but may help explain observed gender differences in drinking patterns. OBJECTIVE: We examine effects of sexual and generalized workplace harassment on changes in drinking behavior over the first semesters of college, and the extent to which these effects differ based on prematriculation drinking for men and women students. METHOD: Data derive from two waves of a longitudinal study of eight Midwestern colleges and universities...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423116/-experiences-of-street-harassment-and-associations-with-perceptions-of-social-cohesion-among-women-in-mexico-city
#6
Paola A Campos, Kathryn L Falb, Sara Hernández, Claudia Díaz-Olavarrieta, Jhumka Gupta
Objective: To document the frequency and forms of street harassment and examine the association between street harassment experiences and perceptions of social cohesion. Materials and methods: Baseline survey data collected among women seeking care in public health clinics in Mexico City were used for analysis. Results: Nearly two-thirds (62.8%) of women reported experiencing some form of street harassment in the prior month; women with street harassment experiences reported significantly lower perceived social cohesion (b=-0...
January 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418762/challenges-persist-under-americans-with-disabilities-act-amendments-act-how-can-oncology-providers-help
#7
Michael Feuerstein, Amanda K Gehrke, Brian T McMahon, Megan C McMahon
PURPOSE: To determine whether the Amendments to the hallmark Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA; effective January 2009), which provide increased access to the antidiscrimination laws for many with chronic illness, are related to changes in workplace discrimination allegations in individuals with a history of cancer. METHODS: Information collected by the Equal Employment Opportunities Commission was used to compare allegations of discrimination and their merit before (2001 to 2008) and after (2009 to 2011) implementation of the Amendments Act...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412581/workplace-violence-against-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Liuyi Zhang, Anni Wang, Xia Xie, Yanhong Zhou, Jing Li, Lijun Yang, Jingping Zhang
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence is a serious problem for clinical nurses, as it leads to a series of adverse consequences. However, little information is available on the prevalence and influencing factors of workplace violence in China. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of workplace violence against Chinese nurses, and its influencing factors. DESIGN: A multi-center, cross-sectional study. SETTINGS: The seven geographical regions (i...
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405290/reproductive-interference-by-male-drosophila-subobscura-on-female-d-%C3%A2-persimilis-a-laboratory-experiment
#9
Brenda Manzano-Winkler, Alexander J Hish, Emily K Aarons, Mohamed A F Noor
While females often reject courtship attempts by heterospecific males, reproductive interference by harassment from such males can nonetheless occur, potentially reducing female fitness. Such effects may be profound following a range expansion, when males from a new species may suddenly encounter (and perhaps even become abundant relative to) females of related native species. Drosophila subobscura recently invaded North America and may impact native species through reproductive interference and other processes...
April 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402177/intersectional-harassment-and-deviant-embodiment-among-autistic-adults-dis-ability-gender-and-sexuality
#10
Jessica Penwell Barnett
Harassment scholarship increasingly attends to the intersectional nature of harassment and its function within systems of domination. However, little of this work includes disability. In-depth interviews with 24 adults on the autism spectrum in the USA demonstrate the intersections of gender, sexuality and (dis)ability in the construction of deviant embodiments as targets for harassment. These intersections also shape how participants made sense of these experiences of violence. Participants' disability characteristics were often read as gender or sexual variance, with harassers relying on sexist and heterosexist constructs to frighten, demean or humiliate them for disability characteristics...
April 12, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392929/missing-the-target-including-perspectives-of-women-with-overweight-and-obesity-to-inform-stigma-reduction-strategies
#11
R M Puhl, M S Himmelstein, A A Gorin, Y J Suh
OBJECTIVE: Pervasive weight stigma and discrimination have led to ongoing calls for efforts to reduce this bias. Despite increasing research on stigma-reduction strategies, perspectives of individuals who have experienced weight stigma have rarely been included to inform this research. The present study conducted a systematic examination of women with high body weight to assess their perspectives about a broad range of strategies to reduce weight-based stigma. METHODS: Women with overweight or obesity (N = 461) completed an online survey in which they evaluated the importance, feasibility and potential impact of 35 stigma-reduction strategies in diverse settings...
March 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387396/implementation-of-maldi-ms-profiling-and-imaging-methods-for-the-analysis-of-real-crime-scene-fingermarks
#12
R Bradshaw, N Denison, S Francese
In the study presented here, four examples of crime scene fingermarks analysed by Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption Ionisation Mass Spectrometry Imaging (MALDI MSI), in collaboration with the local Police Force, are reported. These marks are associated to high profile crimes such as drug dealing, murder and harassment. Following the application of forensic enhancement techniques by the CSI or the crime lab, one of the marks could be directly analysed on the surface of deposition and the others were analysed as primary lifts...
April 7, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383622/the-conscientious-objection-debate-on-emergency-contraception
#13
G Montanari Vergallo, S Zaami, N M Di Luca, E Marinelli
The authors discuss the emergency contraception (EC) topic, assessing scientific and ethical aspects. The almost totality of the studies carried out tends to report on the use of drugs as an emergency measure to prevent pregnancy. However, it is not yet completely excluded that emergency contraceptives can induce medical abortion. The debate on side effects of EC continues to be a highly emotional and controversial issue both for advocates who believe they will lower considerably the number of unintended pregnancies and abortions, and for opponents who believe that using emergency contraception amounts to an abortion...
March 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375711/still-the-last-great-open-secret-sexual-harassment-as-systemic-trauma
#14
Louise F Fitzgerald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346157/earlier-school-start-times-are-associated-with-higher-rates-of-behavioral-problems-in-elementary-schools
#15
Peggy S Keller, Lauren R Gilbert, Eric A Haak, Shuang Bi, Olivia A Smith
BACKGROUND: Early school start times may curtail children's sleep and inadvertently promote sleep restriction. The current study examines the potential implications for early school start times for behavioral problems in public elementary schools (student ages 5-12 years) in Kentucky. METHOD: School start times were obtained from school Web sites or by calling school offices; behavioral and disciplinary problems, along with demographic information about schools, were obtained from the Kentucky Department of Education...
April 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344750/the-effectiveness-of-policy-interventions-for-school-bullying-a-systematic-review
#16
William Hall
OBJECTIVE: Bullying threatens the mental and educational well-being of students. Although anti-bullying policies are prevalent, little is known about their effectiveness. This systematic review evaluates the methodological characteristics and summarizes substantive findings of studies examining the effectiveness of school bullying policies. METHOD: Searches of 11 bibliographic databases yielded 489 studies completed since January 1, 1995. Following duplicate removal and double-independent screening based on a priori inclusion criteria, 21 studies were included for review...
2017: Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343284/the-relationship-of-religious-comfort-and-struggle-with-anxiety-and-satisfaction-with-life-in-roman-catholic-polish-men-the-moderating-effect-of-sexual-orientation
#17
Beata Zarzycka, Radosław Rybarski, Jacek Sliwak
The aim of the research was to analyze the relationships of religious comfort and struggle with state anxiety and satisfaction with life in homosexual and heterosexual samples of men. A hundred and eight men aged between 18 and 43 participated in the research in total, 54 declared themselves as homosexual and 54 as heterosexual. The Religious Comfort and Strain Scale, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and the Satisfaction with Life Scale were applied to the research. The results of hierarchical multiple regression analyses revealed that sexual orientation moderated the relationships of religious comfort and struggle with state anxiety and satisfaction with life...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342535/-professional-stressors-and-common-mental-health-disorders-causal-links
#18
C Nicolas, N Chawky, C Jourdan-Ionescu, M-S Drouin, C Page, N Houlfort, G Beauchamp, M Séguin
According to the World Health Organization, depression has become the leading cause of disability in the world, contributing significantly to the burden of health issues especially in the industrialized countries. This is a major public health problem, with potential impact on work climates, productivity at work and the continued existence of the organizations. Some recent studies have examined potential links between professional factors and common mental health disorders, but none have demonstrated a direct causal link...
March 22, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315179/decrements-in-health-related-quality-of-life-associated-with-gender-nonconformity-among-u-s-adolescents-and-young-adults
#19
Allegra R Gordon, Nancy Krieger, Cassandra A Okechukwu, Sebastien Haneuse, Mihail Samnaliev, Brittany M Charlton, S Bryn Austin
PURPOSE: Gender nonconformity, that is, transgressing conventionally "masculine" vs. "feminine" characteristics, is often stigmatized. Stigmatization and discrimination are social stressors that raise risk of adverse mental and physical health outcomes and may drive health inequities. However, little is known about the relationship between such social stressors and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). This paper aimed to examine associations between perceived gender nonconformity and HRQOL in a cohort of U...
March 17, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296718/qualitative-methods-in-the-development-of-a-bilingual-and-bicultural-quality-of-life-outcomes-measure-for-pediatric-patients-with-craniofacial-conditions
#20
Viridiana Juarez Tapia, Julia Helene Drizin, Cecilia Dalle Ore, Marcelo Nieto, Yajahira Romero, Sandra Magallon, Rohith Nayak, Alicia Sigler, Vanessa Malcarne, Amanda Gosman
INTRODUCTION: Craniofacial surgeons treat patients with diverse craniofacial conditions (CFCs). Yet, little is known about the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) impact of diverse CFCs. Currently, there are no suitable instruments that measure the HRQoL of patients with diverse CFCs from the perspective of children and parents. The objective of this study was to develop the items and support the content validity of a comprehensive patient and parent-reported outcomes measure. METHODS: An iterative process consisting of a systematic literature review, expert opinion and in-depth interviews with patients and parents of patients with diverse CFCs was used...
May 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
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