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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527100/parents-expectations-of-high-schools-in-firearm-violence-prevention
#1
Erica Payton, Jagdish Khubchandani, Amy Thompson, James H Price
Firearm violence remains a significant problem in the US (with 2787 adolescents killed in 2015). However, the research on school firearm violence prevention practices and policies is scant. Parents are major stakeholders in relation to firearm violence by youths and school safety in general. The purpose of this study was to examine what parents thought schools should be doing to reduce the risk of firearm violence in schools. A valid and reliable questionnaire was mailed to a national random sample of 600 parents who had at least one child enrolled in a public secondary school (response rate = 47%)...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508722/a-natural-history-of-the-drag-queen-phenomenon
#2
Michael Moncrieff, Pierre Lienard
The drag queen cultural phenomenon has been described at length. However, the depiction of outlandish and hyperbolic womanhood and taunting and formidable behavior at the core of drag queens' public persona has still to be fully accounted for. We argue that these aspects of the drag queen's public appearance could best be understood in a signaling framework. Publicly donning extravagant woman's costumes attracts harassment and brings financial, mating, and opportunity costs, generating the conditions for the transmission of honest signals...
April 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494125/harassment-and-mental-distress-among-adolescent-female-students-by-sexual-identity-and-bmi-or-perceived-weight-status
#3
Michelle Marie Johns, Richard Lowry, Zewditu Demissie, Leah Robin
OBJECTIVE: Sexual minority girls (lesbian/bisexual) and girls with overweight/obesity experience high rates of discrimination and mental distress. This study explored whether BMI or perceived weight status might compound sexual minority girls' risk for harassment and mental distress. METHODS: Data on female students from the national 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (n = 7,006) were analyzed. Logistic regression was used to examine differences in bullying, harassment, and mental distress across sexual identity/BMI groups: heterosexual/normal-weight, heterosexual/overweight, sexual minority/normal-weight, and sexual minority/overweight...
May 11, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493746/sexual-objectification-the-common-thread-connecting-myriad-forms-of-sexual-violence-against-women
#4
Sarah J Gervais, Sarah Eagan
In this article, the authors focus on the linkages between objectification and current societal manifestations of sexual violence toward women to make the case that everyday instances of objectification can provide the foundation for more extreme forms of violence. First, they formally introduce the notion of objectification and explain its origins and its consequences in those who perpetrate and those who experience it. Next, they use objectification as a lens through which to consider several related, but distinct, societal problems, including: sexual assault of college women, harassment of women in work settings, and sex trafficking of women in the United States and around the world...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479657/striking-back-against-racist-violence-in-the-east-end-of-london-1968-1970
#5
Stephen Ashe, Satnam Virdee, Laurence Brown
This article tells the hitherto untold story of how different Pakistani organisations mobilised in response to racist violence and harassment in the east London Borough of Tower Hamlets (1968-1970). In telling this story, the authors analyse the problematic nature of official and public understandings of, and responses to, racist violence, and how it distorted the lives of racialised minorities. Drawing on original archival research carried out in 2014, this piece identifies the emergence of two distinct political repertoires from within the Pakistani community: the integrationist approach and the autonomous approach...
July 2016: Race & Class
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476102/adaptation-of-the-recent-life-changes-questionnaire-rlcq-to-measure-stressful-life-events-in-adults-residing-in-an-urban-megapolis-in-pakistan
#6
Azmina Artani, Shireen Shehzad Bhamani, Iqbal Azam, Moiz AbdulSultan, Adeel Khoja, Ayeesha K Kamal
BACKGROUND: Contextually relevant stressful life events are integral to the quantification of stress. None such measures have been adapted for the Pakistani population. METHODS: The RLCQ developed by Richard Rahe measures stress of an individual through recording the experience of life changing events. We used qualitative methodology in order to identify contextually relevant stressors in an open ended format, using serial in-depth interviews until thematic saturation of reported stressful life events was achieved...
May 5, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461169/sexual-harassment-in-radiology
#7
Aline Camargo, Li Liu, David M Yousem
PURPOSE: To gauge the prevalence of sexual harassment (SH) and to understand the issues regarding its disclosure among radiologists. METHODS: A questionnaire on ethics and SH was sent by e-mail to 1,569 radiologists and radiology trainees in an institutional database maintained for continuing medical education purposes on three separate occasions between September 17 and October 31, 2016. The link to the survey was also posted on social media sites via the authors' divisional and institutional accounts on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and Aunt Minnie, as well as on ACR and RSNA web blogs...
April 28, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459267/trauma-and-ptss-of-zimbabwean-refugees-in-south-africa-a-summary-of-published-studies
#8
Erhabor Sunday Idemudia
OBJECTIVE: This paper is a report of 4 published papers on posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS)/posttraumatic stress disorders (PTSD) and traumas experienced by homeless Zimbabwean refugees living in South Africa. The general purpose of the papers was to explore how pre- and postmigration difficulties predicts posttraumatic stress symptoms/disorder; to understand gender differences in PTSS/PTSD reports using quantitative and qualitative approaches; and finally, to understand the nature of abuses, perpetrators, and sex of perpetrators...
May 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456062/uncovering-degrees-of-workplace-bullying-a-comparison-of-baccalaureate-nursing-students-experiences-during-clinical-placement-in-australia-and-the-uk
#9
Melanie Birks, Robyn P Cant, Lea M Budden, Michele Russell-Westhead, Yeter Sinem Üzar Özçetin, Stephen Tee
Bullying in health workplaces has a negative impact on nurses, their families, multidisciplinary teams, patient care and the profession. This paper compares the experiences of Australian and UK baccalaureate nursing students in relation to bullying and harassment during clinical placement. A secondary analysis was conducted on two primary cross-sectional studies of bullying experiences of Australian and UK nursing students. Data were collected using the Student Experience of Bullying during Clinical Placement (SEBDCP) questionnaire and analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics...
April 17, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454539/workplace-violence-against-nurses-in-the-gambia-mixed-methods-design
#10
Ebrima J Sisawo, Saide Yacine Y Arsène Ouédraogo, Song-Lih Huang
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence, perpetrators and factors associated with workplace violence against nurses in public secondary health care facilities from two health regions in the Gambia. METHODS: Data was collected from 219 nurses using self-administered questionnaire and 35 face-to-face interviews. The data collection was conducted between July and September 2014 in 14 public secondary health care facilities. RESULTS: A sizable majority of respondents (62...
April 28, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453241/stigma-access-to-healthcare-and-hiv-risks-among-men-who-sell-sex-to-men-in-nigeria
#11
Trevor A Crowell, Babajide Keshinro, Stefan D Baral, Sheree R Schwartz, Shauna Stahlman, Rebecca G Nowak, Sylvia Adebajo, William A Blattner, Manhattan E Charurat, Julie A Ake
INTRODUCTION: Among men who have sex with men (MSM), men who sell sex (MSS) may be subject to increased sexual behaviour-related stigma that affects uptake of healthcare and risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The objectives of this study were to characterize stigma, access to care, and prevalence of HIV among MSS in Nigeria. METHODS: Respondent-driven sampling was used to recruit MSM in Abuja and Lagos into the ongoing TRUST/RV368 study, which provides HIV testing and treatment...
April 20, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453195/teen-dating-violence-sexual-harassment-and-bullying-among-middle-school-youth-examining-measurement-invariance-by-gender
#12
Stacey Cutbush, Jason Williams
This study investigated measurement invariance by gender among commonly used teen dating violence (TDV), sexual harassment, and bullying measures. Data were collected from one cohort of seventh-grade middle school students (N = 754) from four schools. Using structural equation modeling, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses assessed measurement models and tested measurement invariance by gender for aggression measures. Analyses invoked baseline data only. Physical and psychological TDV perpetration measures achieved strict measurement invariance, while bullying perpetration demonstrated partial strict invariance...
December 2016: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448478/quickstats-percentage-of-adult-workers-aged-%C3%A2-18-years-who-reported-being-threatened-bullied-or-harassed-while-on-the-job-%C3%A2-by-sex-national-health-interview-survey-united-states-2010-and-2015-%C3%A2
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437217/fleeing-the-ivory-tower-gender-differences-in-the-turnover-experiences-of-women-faculty
#14
Larry R Martinez, Katharine R O'Brien, Michelle R Hebl
PURPOSE: Prior research has established that women and men faculty have different experiences in their professional and personal lives and that academic turnover can be costly and disruptive to home institutions. However, relatively little research has examined gender differences in the antecedent events that contributed to faculty members' voluntary turnover decisions. This study aims to fill this gap. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Qualitative and quantitative data were obtained in two ways: by directly contacting faculty members who had voluntarily left their positions through the human resource departments at six institutions and through more wide-scale snowball sampling...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433568/the-role-of-copulatory-plugs-in-the-mosquito-parasitic-nematode-strelkovimermis-spiculatus
#15
Yu-Han Lan, Yi Wang, Randy Gaugler
The mosquito-parasitic nematode, Strelkovimermis spiculatus (Mermithidae: Nematoda) emerges from hosts and aggregates to form mating clusters characterized by intense male-male competition for females. Successful males deposit an adhesive copulatory plug over the female vulva after insemination. In choice experiments, males strongly preferred virgin females, whereas plugged females were ignored. Males made no attempt to displace copulatory plugs deposited by previous males. Plugged females repelled males without the need for physical contact...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430013/barriers-to-access-to-sterile-syringes-as-perceived-by-pharmacists-and-injecting-drug-users-implications-for-harm-reduction-in-lebanon
#16
Ali Ghaddar, Karine Nassar, Ghadier Elsoury
BACKGROUND: Access to sterile syringes to injecting drug users (IDU) reduces sharing behavior and prevents the transmission of HIV. OBJECTIVES: To describe the barriers to access to sterile syringes for IDUs in Lebanon from the perspectives of pharmacists and IDUs. METHODS: in this qualitative study conducted in Lebanon, data were collected from 72 syringe purchase tests at pharmacies, 64 interviewees with pharmacists and 2 focus groups with injecting drug users...
April 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428376/society-labels-harassment-as-research-misconduct
#17
Maggie Kuo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426358/effects-of-workplace-generalized-and-sexual-harassment-on-abusive-drinking-among-first-year-male-and-female-college-students-does-prior-drinking-experience-matter
#18
Kathleen M Rospenda, Kaori Fujishiro, Meredith McGinley, Jennifer M Wolff, Judith A Richman
BACKGROUND: Workplace harassment, a known risk factor for adult drinking, is understudied in college samples, but may help explain observed gender differences in drinking patterns. OBJECTIVE: We examine effects of sexual and generalized workplace harassment on changes in drinking behavior over the first semesters of college, and the extent to which these effects differ based on prematriculation drinking for men and women students. METHOD: Data derive from two waves of a longitudinal study of eight Midwestern colleges and universities...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423116/-experiences-of-street-harassment-and-associations-with-perceptions-of-social-cohesion-among-women-in-mexico-city
#19
Paola A Campos, Kathryn L Falb, Sara Hernández, Claudia Díaz-Olavarrieta, Jhumka Gupta
Objective: To document the frequency and forms of street harassment and examine the association between street harassment experiences and perceptions of social cohesion. Materials and methods: Baseline survey data collected among women seeking care in public health clinics in Mexico City were used for analysis. Results: Nearly two-thirds (62.8%) of women reported experiencing some form of street harassment in the prior month; women with street harassment experiences reported significantly lower perceived social cohesion (b=-0...
January 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418762/challenges-persist-under-americans-with-disabilities-act-amendments-act-how-can-oncology-providers-help
#20
Michael Feuerstein, Amanda K Gehrke, Brian T McMahon, Megan C McMahon
PURPOSE: To determine whether the Amendments to the hallmark Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA; effective January 2009), which provide increased access to the antidiscrimination laws for many with chronic illness, are related to changes in workplace discrimination allegations in individuals with a history of cancer. METHODS: Information collected by the Equal Employment Opportunities Commission was used to compare allegations of discrimination and their merit before (2001 to 2008) and after (2009 to 2011) implementation of the Amendments Act...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
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