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Incivilities

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205460/complaints-against-health-care-professionals-providing-police-custodial-and-forensic-medical-health-care-services-and-sexual-offence-examiner-services-in-england-wales-and-northern-ireland
#1
Kieran M Kennedy, Peter G Green, J Jason Payne-James
Complaints management is an integral component of good clinical governance and an essential contributor to patient safety. Little is known about complaints against health-care professionals (HCPs) in police custodial settings and sexual assault referral centres. This study explored the frequency with which complaints are made against such HCPs working in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. It explored the nature of those complaints and the procedures by which they are investigated. Relevant information was requested from all police services in England, Wales and Northern Ireland; professional regulatory bodies; and the Independent Police Complaints Commission under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)...
January 1, 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191998/the-effects-of-confrontation-and-avoidance-coping-in-response-to-workplace-incivility
#2
M Sandy Hershcovis, Ann-Frances Cameron, Loie Gervais, Jennifer Bozeman
Workplace incivility has significant adverse consequences for targets. However, we know remarkably little about how targets of incivility cope and even less about which coping strategies are effective. Drawing on the coping process of the transactional model of stress, we examine confrontation as a form of problem-focused coping and avoidance as a form of emotion-focused coping in response to incivility. We examine the effects of these coping strategies on reoccurrence of incivility, incivility enacted by targets, psychological forgiveness, and emotional exhaustion...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146056/migration-and-health-in-the-construction-industry-culturally-centering-voices-of-bangladeshi-workers-in-singapore
#3
Mohan J Dutta
Construction workers globally face disproportionate threats to health and wellbeing, constituted by the nature of the work they perform. The workplace fatalities and lost-time injuries experienced by construction workers are significantly greater than in other forms of work. This paper draws on the culture-centered approach (CCA) to dialogically articulate meanings of workplace risks and injuries, voiced by Bangladeshi migrant construction workers in Singapore. The narratives voiced by the participants suggest an ecological approach to workplace injuries in the construction industries, attending to food insecurity, lack of sleep, transportation, etc...
January 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134445/interventions-for-prevention-of-bullying-in-the-workplace
#4
REVIEW
Patricia A Gillen, Marlene Sinclair, W George Kernohan, Cecily M Begley, Ans G Luyben
BACKGROUND: Bullying has been identified as one of the leading workplace stressors, with adverse consequences for the individual employee, groups of employees, and whole organisations. Employees who have been bullied have lower levels of job satisfaction, higher levels of anxiety and depression, and are more likely to leave their place of work. Organisations face increased risk of skill depletion and absenteeism, leading to loss of profit, potential legal fees, and tribunal cases. It is unclear to what extent these risks can be addressed through interventions to prevent bullying...
January 30, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034399/promoting-civility-in-the-or-an-ethical-imperative
#5
Cynthia M Clark, Diane Kenski
Recognizing, addressing, and preventing incivility in the health care environment, including the perioperative area, requires an intentional and informed approach to foster healthy workplaces and protect patient safety. Several important foundational documents and position statements speak directly to the nurse's responsibility to protect patient, coworker, and personal safety and promote civility and respect. In the complex, fast-paced environment of the OR, the pressure to meet patient needs, performance outcomes, and patient safety standards can lead to conflict and incivility...
January 2017: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009839/parental-perceptions-of-the-social-environment-are-inversely-related-to-constraint-of-adolescents-neighborhood-physical-activity
#6
Maura Kepper, Stephanie Broyles, Richard Scribner, Tung-Sung Tseng, Jovanny Zabaleta, Lauren Griffiths, Melinda Sothern
BACKGROUND: The current study examined relationships between the neighborhood social environment (parental perceived collective efficacy (PCE)), constrained behaviors (e.g., avoidance or defensive behaviors) and adolescent offspring neighborhood physical activity in low- versus high-incivility neighborhoods. METHODS: Adolescents (n = 71; 11-18 years (14.2, SD ± 1.6); male = 37 (52%); non-white = 24 (33.8%); low-income = 20 (29%); overweight/obese = 40 (56%)) and their parents/guardians enrolled in the Molecular and Social Determinants of Obesity in Developing Youth study were included in the current study...
December 21, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009674/experiences-of-incivility-among-faculty-and-students-in-online-nursing-education-a-qualitative-systematic-review-protocol
#7
Tammy M Lampley, Marianne Curia, Beth Vottero, Desiree Hensel
The objective of this review is to synthesize available evidence of nursing faculty's and nursing students' experiences and perceptions of incivility in online education with the objective of identifying the meaning of incivility in online nursing education. The specific questions to be addressed by this review are.
December 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959292/building-respect-and-reducing-incivility-in-the-workplace-professional-standards-and-recommendations-to-improve-the-work-environment-for-nurses
#8
Nancy Blake
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: AACN Advanced Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928857/further-examination-of-predictors-of-turnover-intention-among-mental-health-professionals
#9
N J Yanchus, D Periard, K Osatuke
: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: When mental health professionals leave organizations, detrimental effects on quality of patient care occur. Reasons for leaving include incivility, lack of autonomy, perceptions of unfair treatment and feeling psychologically unsafe at work. This paper sought to investigate additional reasons why mental health professionals intend to quit or to cognitively withdraw from their jobs. WHAT DOES THIS PAPER ADD TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: Past research on this topic is limited in its scope and data...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900669/disruptive-behaviour-in-the-perioperative-setting-a-contemporary-review
#10
Alexander Villafranca, Colin Hamlin, Stephanie Enns, Eric Jacobsohn
PURPOSE: Disruptive behaviour, which we define as behaviour that does not show others an adequate level of respect and causes victims or witnesses to feel threatened, is a concern in the operating room. This review summarizes the current literature on disruptive behaviour as it applies to the perioperative domain. SOURCE: Searches of MEDLINE(®), Scopus™, and Google books identified articles and monographs of interest, with backreferencing used as a supplemental strategy...
February 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896878/the-relationship-between-leadership-style-and-nurse-to-nurse-incivility-turning-the-lens-inward
#11
Jennifer A Kaiser
AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the impact of leadership styles on the reported rates of lateral hostility in nurses. BACKGROUND: Previous explanations of horizontal incivility point to oppressed group behaviour and socialisation of nurses. Leadership and organisational culture are known to have a profound impact on workplace behaviour, yet few studies have examined the relationship between leadership style and nurse-to-nurse incivility. METHODS: A survey was used to assess the perceived levels of incivility and the leadership styles experienced by 237 participants defined as 'staff nurses'...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893256/sticks-and-stones-can-break-my-bones-but-words-can-also-hurt-me-the-relationship-between-customer-verbal-aggression-and-employee-incivility
#12
David D Walker, Danielle D van Jaarsveld, Daniel P Skarlicki
Customer service employees tend to react negatively to customer incivility by demonstrating incivility in return, thereby likely reducing customer service quality. Research, however, has yet to uncover precisely what customers do that results in employee incivility. Through transcript and computerized text analysis in a multilevel, multisource, mixed-method field study of customer service events (N = 434 events), we found that employee incivility can occur as a function of customer (a) aggressive words, (b) second-person pronoun use (e...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872802/park-use-is-associated-with-less-sedentary-time-among-low-income-parents-and-their-preschool-child-the-net-works-study
#13
Simone A French, Nancy E Sherwood, Nathan R Mitchell, Yingling Fan
INTRODUCTION: Parks are an important component of the neighborhood environment, and their presence is believed to support higher levels of physical activity among residents. The present study examined park use frequency among a sample of 534 low-income parents of preschool aged children. Associations with child and parent physical activity, neighborhood characteristics and physical characteristics of the block immediately surrounding the home were examined. METHODS: Data are from baseline measurements completed in 2012-2014 as part of larger study (NET-Works: Now Everybody Together for Amazing and Healthy Kids) targeting low-income preschool children and their parents (N = 534 parent-child dyads)...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811590/triggers-contributing-to-health-care-clinicians-disruptive-behaviors
#14
Sung-Heui Bae, Deborah Dang, Karen A Karlowicz, Miyong T Kim
OBJECTIVES: This study's objective was to explore the possible triggers of clinicians' disruptive behavior and to consider whether the type of trigger resulting in disruptive behavior differed by type of clinician, clinician characteristics, professional role, and ethnic background. METHODS: Using data collected from 1559 clinicians working at an urban academic medical center in the United States, we examined intrapersonal, interpersonal, and organizational triggers...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802271/civility-vs-incivility-in-online-social-interactions-an-evolutionary-approach
#15
Angelo Antoci, Alexia Delfino, Fabio Paglieri, Fabrizio Panebianco, Fabio Sabatini
Evidence is growing that forms of incivility-e.g. aggressive and disrespectful behaviors, harassment, hate speech and outrageous claims-are spreading in the population of social networking sites' (SNS) users. Online social networks such as Facebook allow users to regularly interact with known and unknown others, who can behave either politely or rudely. This leads individuals not only to learn and adopt successful strategies for using the site, but also to condition their own behavior on that of others. Using a mean field approach, we define anevolutionary game framework to analyse the dynamics of civil and uncivil ways of interaction in online social networks and their consequences for collective welfare...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787402/incivility-in-nursing-students
#16
Renae Authement
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779537/the-effect-of-authentic-leadership-person-job-fit-and-civility-norms-on-new-graduate-nurses-experiences-of-coworker-incivility-and-burnout
#17
Heather K Spence Laschinger, Emily A Read
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the influence of authentic leadership, person-job fit with 6 areas of worklife, and civility norms on coworker incivility and burnout among new graduate nurses. BACKGROUND: New graduate nurses report experiencing high levels of workplace incivility from coworkers, which has been found to negatively impact their job and career satisfaction and increase their intention to leave. The role of civility norms in preventing burnout and subsequent exposure to incivility from coworkers has yet to be examined among new graduate nurses...
November 2016: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755174/the-protective-role-of-self-efficacy-against-workplace-incivility-and-burnout-in-nursing-a-time-lagged-study
#18
Roberta Fida, Heather K Spence Laschinger, Michael P Leiter
BACKGROUND: Incivility has negative consequences in the workplace and remains a prevalent issue in nursing. Research has consistently linked incivility to nurse burnout and, in turn, to poor mental health and turnover intentions. To retain high-quality nurses, it is important to understand what factors might protect nurses from the negative effects of workplace mistreatment. PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate the role of relational occupational coping self-efficacy in protecting nurses from workplace incivility and related burnout and turnover intentions...
October 14, 2016: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755063/the-built-environment-and-birth-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#19
Alexandra L Nowak, Carmen Giurgescu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review is to report findings of published studies of the relationships between poor-quality built environments and negative birth outcomes. METHOD: Quantitative studies measuring various aspects of the built environment including property damage, housing damage, physical disorder, physical incivilities, nuisance, vacancy, tenure, occupancy, and structural deterioration and their effects on birth outcomes such as preterm birth, low birthweight, and small for gestational age were identified using Scopus, PubMed, Medline, and PsycINFO databases...
January 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682428/older-people-s-external-residential-assessment-tool-operat-a-complementary-participatory-and-metric-approach-to-the-development-of-an-observational-environmental-measure
#20
Vanessa Burholt, Matthew Steven Roberts, Charles Brian Alexander Musselwhite
BACKGROUND: The potential for environmental interventions to improve health and wellbeing has assumed particular importance in the face of unprecedented population ageing. However, presently observational environmental assessment tools are unsuitable for 'all ages'. This article describes the development of the Older People's External Residential Assessment Tool (OPERAT). METHODS: Potential items were identified through review and consultation with an Expert Advisory Group...
September 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
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