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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531559/per-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substances-in-firefighting-foam-concentrates-and-water-samples-collected-near-sites-impacted-by-the-use-of-these-foams
#1
Xavier Dauchy, Virginie Boiteux, Cristina Bach, Christophe Rosin, Jean-François Munoz
To extinguish large-scale fuel fires, fluorosurfactant based foams (FSBFs) were developed in the 1960s and have been used ever since. In this study, 154 per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) including 122 emerging PFASs used as surfactants in FSBFs were sought in nine different foam concentrates. Field investigations were also carried out in the vicinity of four sites where FSBFs are or were intensively used (two airports, a training center for firefighters and an oil storage depot after a large explosion)...
May 13, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524757/wood-smoke-exposure-of-portuguese-wildland-firefighters-dna-and-oxidative-damage-evaluation
#2
Ana Abreu, Carla Costa, Susana Pinho E Silva, Simone Morais, Maria do Carmo Pereira, Adília Fernandes, Vanessa Moraes de Andrade, João Paulo Teixeira, Solange Costa
Portugal is among the European Union countries most devastated by forest fires each year. In the last three decades, more than 3.8 million hectares of forest were burned. Wildland firefighters are exposed to a variety of hazards, including many toxic combustion products that may lead to deleterious health effects. Epidemiological studies showed a positive association between firefighting and several chronic diseases, including cancer. Results from biomonitoring studies in firefighters, particularly concerning genotoxicity evaluation, constitute a valuable tool for investigating important occupational hazards...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520740/ascertaining-the-impact-of-catastrophic-events-on-dengue-outbreak-the-2014-gas-explosions-in-kaohsiung-taiwan
#3
Ying-Hen Hsieh
Infectious disease outbreaks often occur in the aftermath of catastrophic events, either natural or man-made. While natural disasters such as typhoons/hurricanes, flooding and earthquakes have been known to increase the risk of infectious disease outbreak, the impact of anthropogenic disasters is less well-understood. Kaohsiung City is located in southern Taiwan, where most dengue outbreaks had occurred in the past two decades. It is also the center of petrochemical industry in Taiwan with pipelines running underneath city streets...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514839/occurrence-of-brominated-dioxins-in-a-study-using-various-firefighting-methods
#4
Filip Bjurlid, Anna Kärrman, Niklas Ricklund, Jessika Hagberg
The use of different firefighting methods influences how fast a fire is extinguished and how fast the temperature drops in the area affected by the fire. These differences may also influence the formation of harmful pollutants during firefighting of an accidental fire. The aim was to study occurrence of brominated dibenzo-p-dioxins and furans (PBDD/Fs) in gas and soot during five fire scenarios resembling a small apartment fire and where different firefighting methods were used. Samples of gas and soot were taken both during the buildup of the fire and during the subsequent extinguishing of the fire while using different firefighting methods (nozzle, compressed air foam system, cutting extinguisher) and an extinguishing additive...
May 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514358/-ionizing-radiation-and-laryngeal-cancer
#5
V F Antoniv, V I Popaduyk, T V Antoniv
The cause behind the currently ever increasing number of patients presenting with laryngeal cancer lies not only in the lack of the apprehensive attitude toward oncological diseases among the medical profession but also in the changing conditions of human life and environment. As many as 165 patients suffering from laryngeal cancer of the 490 ones admitted to our clinic had undergone the influence of ionizing radiation before they were allocated to the main study group while the remaining 325 cases made up the control group...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514022/one-year-weight-change-and-long-term-sickness-absence-in-professional-firefighters
#6
BongKyoo Choi
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association between weight change (particularly moderate weight loss, 5-10% in initial weight) and long-term sickness absence (LSA) in working populations. METHODS: Three hundred and forty professional firefighters reported their current and past (1 year ago) weights in a cross-sectional survey, along with their LSA experience due to a severe accident, injury, or illness during the previous 12 months. RESULTS: The prevalence of LSA was 14...
June 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510553/space-age-firefighters
#7
Mark Kaufman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: Scientific American
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498656/occupational-exposure-to-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbon-of-wildland-firefighters-at-prescribed-and-wildland-fires
#8
Kathleen Navarro, Ricardo Cisneros, Elizabeth Noth, John R Balmes, S Katharine Hammond
Wildland firefighters suppressing wildland fires or conducting prescribed fires work long shifts during which they are exposed to high levels of wood smoke with no respiratory protection. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are hazardous air pollutants formed during incomplete combustion. Exposure to PAHs was measured for 21 wildland firefighters suppressing two wildland fires and 4 wildland firefighters conducting prescribed burns in California. Personal air samples were actively collected using XAD4-coated quartz fiber filters and XAD2 sorbent tubes...
May 12, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481881/comparing-multi-criteria-decision-analysis-and-integrated-assessment-to-support-long-term-water-supply-planning
#9
Lisa Scholten, Max Maurer, Judit Lienert
We compare the use of multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA)-or more precisely, models used in multi-attribute value theory (MAVT)-to integrated assessment (IA) models for supporting long-term water supply planning in a small town case study in Switzerland. They are used to evaluate thirteen system scale water supply alternatives in four future scenarios regarding forty-four objectives, covering technical, social, environmental, and economic aspects. The alternatives encompass both conventional and unconventional solutions and differ regarding technical, spatial and organizational characteristics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479967/maximal-oxygen-consumption-respiratory-volume-and-some-related-factors-in-fire-fighting-personnel
#10
Touraj Khazraee, Mohammad Fararouei, Hadi Daneshmandi, Farzane Mobasheri, Zahra Zamanian
BACKGROUND: Firefighters for difficult activities and rescue of damaged people must be in appropriate physical ability. Maximal oxygen capacity is an indicator for diagnosis of physical ability of workers. This study aimed to assess the cardiorespiratory system and its related factors in firefighters. METHODS: This study was conducted on 110 firefighters from various stations. An self-administered questionnaire (respiratory disorders questionnaire, Tuxworth-Shahnavaz step test, and pulmonary function test) was used to collection of required data...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466725/heat-exposure-increases-risk-of-heart-attack-in-firefighters
#11
(no author information available yet)
Exposure to extreme heat while firefighting increases blood clotting and risk of heart attack, a new study suggests.
May 3, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466066/influence-of-initial-moisture-content-on-heat-and-moisture-transfer-in-firefighters-protective-clothing
#12
Dongmei Huang, Song He
This paper presents a model for heat and moisture transfer through firefighters' protective clothing (FPC) during radiation exposure. The model, which accounts for air gaps in the FPC as well as heat transfer through human skin, investigates the effect of different initial moisture contents on the thermal insulation performance of FPC. Temperature, water vapor density, and the volume fraction of liquid water profiles were monitored during the simulation, and the heat quantity absorbed by water evaporation was calculated...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449365/duty-related-trauma-exposure-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-professional-firefighters
#13
Junghyun H Lee, Dayoung Lee, Jiae Kim, Kyoungsun Jeon, Minyoung Sim
Firefighters commonly encounter traumatic events during duty hours. The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of duty-related trauma as risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder in professional firefighters. A sample of 212 firefighters participated in the study and completed self-reported questionnaires. Potentially traumatic events (PTE) were assessed using a list of 17 traumatic event types. The posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) were measured by the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (Lim et al...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445653/describing-the-mental-health-profile-of-first-responders-a-systematic-review-formula-see-text
#14
Sara Jones
BACKGROUND: First responders (FRs) are responsible for providing multiple services during various critical events. Considering the frequency, nature, and intensity of duty-related traumatic exposures, the cumulative impact on FRs' mental health is of paramount importance. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this systematic review was to describe how duty-related trauma exposure can affect the comprehensive mental health profile of FRs, including firefighters, emergency medical technicians, and paramedics...
May 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427539/the-role-of-serum-amyloid-a-staining-of-granulomatous-tissues-for-the-diagnosis-of-sarcoidosis
#15
Albert Huho, Llewellyn Foulke, Timothy Jennings, Efstratios Koutroumpakis, Siddhartha Dalvi, Haroon Chaudhry, Amit Chopra, Aakash Modi, Neha Rane, David J Prezant, Christine Sheehan, Recai Yucel, Mehul Patel, Marc A Judson
BACKGROUND: Previous studies demonstrated that SAA staining of sarcoidosis granulomas was qualitatively and quantitatively different from other granulomatous diseases. These data suggest that positive SAA staining of granulomatous tissue may have adequate specificity to establish a diagnosis of sarcoidosis. Our objective was to determine the diagnostic specificity of SAA staining for sarcoidosis relative to other granulomatous disorders. METHODS: Pathological specimens demonstrating granulomatous inflammation were retrospectively identified at one institution, plus 4 specimens were obtained from New York City firefighters with biopsy-confirmed World Trade Center "sarcoidosis-like" pulmonary disease...
May 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391245/mortality-and-cancer-incidence-among-male-volunteer-australian-firefighters
#16
Deborah C Glass, Anthony Del Monaco, Sabine Pircher, Stephen Vander Hoorn, Malcolm R Sim
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate mortality and cancer incidence of Australian male volunteer firefighters and of subgroups of firefighters by duration of service, era of first service and the number and type of incidents attended. METHODS: Participating fire agencies supplied records of individual volunteer firefighters, including incidents attended. The cohort was linked to the Australian National Death Index and Australian Cancer Database. standardised mortality ratios (SMRs) and standardised incidence ratios (SIRs) for cancer were calculated...
April 8, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383724/effect-of-heat-exposure-and-simulated-physical-firefighting-work-on-acute-inflammatory-and-cortisol-responses
#17
Alexander Wolkow, Brad Aisbett, Sarah Jefferies, Luana C Main
Objective: To examine firefighters' hormonal and immune markers during consecutive days of physical firefighting work performed in hot compared to mild ambient temperatures. Methods: Firefighters completed 3 days of simulated physical firefighting work in either hot (HOT condition; n = 19; 33°C) or mild temperature conditions (CON condition; n = 18; 19°C). Participants provided regular daily samples for the determination of salivary cortisol and plasma cytokine levels (IL-6, IL-8, IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-4, and IL-10)...
April 5, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383477/the-damage-control-surgery-in-austere-environments-research-group-dcsaerg-a-dynamic-program-to-facilitate-real-time-tele-mentoring-tele-diagnosis-to-address-exsanguination-in-extreme-and-austere-environments
#18
Andrew W Kirkpatrick, Jessica McKee, Paul B McBeth, Chad G Ball, Anthony LaPorta, Timothy Broderick, Tim Leslie, David King, Heather Wright-Beatty, Jocelyn Keillor, Homer Tien
Hemorrhage is the most preventable cause of post-traumatic death. Many cases are potentially anatomically salvageable, yet remain lethal without logistics or trained personnel to deliver diagnosis or Resuscitative-surgery in austere-environments. Revolutions in technology for remote-mentoring of ultrasound and surgery may enhance capabilities to utilize the skill-sets of non-physicians. Thus, our Research-Collaborative explored remote-mentoring to empower non-physicians to address junctional and torso hemorrhage-control in Austere-environments...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380396/individual-and-cumulative-impacts-of-fire-emissions-and-tobacco-consumption-on-wildland-firefighters-total-exposure-to-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons
#19
Marta Oliveira, Klara Slezakova, Carlos Pires Magalhães, Adília Fernandes, João Paulo Teixeira, Cristina Delerue-Matos, Maria do Carmo Pereira, Simone Morais
There is limited information about wildland firefighters' exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), being scarce studies that included the impact of tobacco consumption. Thus, this work evaluated the individual and cumulative impacts of firefighting activities and smoking on wildland firefighters' total exposure to PAHs. Six urinary PAH metabolites (1-hydroxynaphthalene (1OHNaph), 1-hydroxyacenaphthene (1OHAce), 2-hydroxyfluorene (2OHFlu), 1-hydroxyphenanthrene (1OHPhen), 1-hydroxypyrene (1OHPy), and 3-hydroxybenzo[a]pyrene (3OHB[a]P)) were quantified by high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373524/firefighting-and-the-heart-implications-for-prevention
#20
EDITORIAL
Stefanos N Kales, Denise L Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2017: Circulation
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