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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361723/synthetic-biology-the-response-of-the-commission-of-the-catholic-bishops-conferences-of-the-european-community
#1
Patrick Heavey
The Commission of the (Catholic) Bishops' Conferences of the European Community (COMECE) has issued an opinion on the ethics of synthetic biology (synbio). Examining synbio from religious and more general ethical perspectives, it examines synbio's potential pros and cons, as well as whether it is ethical in and of itself. Its conclusions mirror those of the ethical mainstream; namely, that synbio may present humanity with opportunities for both great advancement and great destruction. It suggests a prudent approach, and calls for regulation to be used to encourage positive outcomes while reducing the likelihood of negative ones...
April 2017: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289049/kids-in-communities-study-kics-study-protocol-a-cross-sectional-mixed-methods-approach-to-measuring-community-level-factors-influencing-early-child-development-in-australia
#2
Sharon Goldfeld, Karen Villanueva, Robert Tanton, Ilan Katz, Sally Brinkman, Geoffrey Woolcock, Billie Giles-Corti
INTRODUCTION: Healthy childhood development in the early years is critical for later adult health and well-being. Early childhood development (ECD) research has focused primarily on individual, family and school factors, but largely ignored community factors. The Kids in Communities Study (KiCS) will test and investigate community-level influences on child development across Australia. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Cross-sectional mixed-methods study exploring community-level effects in 25 Australian local communities; selection based on community socioeconomic status (SES) and ECD using the Australian Early Development Census (AEDC), a population measure of child development, to create a local community 'diagonality type', that is, those performing better or worse (off-diagonal), or as expected (on-diagonal) on the AEDC relative to their SES...
March 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281154/using-surplus-embryos-and-research-embryos-in-stem-cell-research-ethical-viewpoints-of-buddhist-hindu-and-catholic-leaders-in-malaysia-on-the-permissibility-of-research
#3
Mathana Amaris Fiona Sivaraman
The sources of embryos for Embryonic Stem Cell Research (ESCR) include surplus embryos from infertility treatments, and research embryos which are created solely for an ESCR purpose. The latter raises more ethical concerns. In a multi-religious country like Malaysia, ethical discussions on the permissibility of ESCR with regard to the use surplus and research embryos are diversified. Malaysia has formulated guidelines influenced by the national fatwa ruling which allows the use of surplus embryos in ESCR. Input from other main religions is yet to be documented...
March 9, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108913/religion-and-public-health-moral-tradition-as-both-problem-and-solution
#4
Michael Rozier
Despite strong religious influence in the development of medicine and medical ethics, religion has been relatively absent in the rise of preventive medicine and population health. Episodic, clinical medicine has a powerful hold on the religious imagination in health care. Nevertheless, Hebrew Scripture, elements of rabbinical teaching, and modern concepts of social justice all can be used to inspire action in health care that goes beyond clinical medicine. The Christian tradition can call upon the corporal works of mercy, virtue ethics, and Catholic social teaching, as well as the modern history Catholic sisters in the U...
June 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092717/the-culture-war-modern-economics-and-environmental-education-in-the-united-states
#5
Eugene C Hargrove
Teaching ethics in public schools in the United States has been made almost impossible because of the Culture War and Modern Economics. When Catholics began to migrate to the United States in the early nineteenth century, they found that Protestant religion and ethics were taught in public schools and they created their own parochial schools. This controversy has continued for two hundred years. To encourage the Catholics to send their children to the public schools, by 1860 religion and ethics had been removed from the public schools...
September 2016: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076534/absorption-and-metabolization-of-sex-hormones-and-their-transformation-into-contraceptive-technologies-the-paths-taken-by-medical-thought-in-brazil
#6
Claudia Bonan, Luiz Antonio Teixeira, Andreza Rodrigues Nakano
The article analyses knowledge assimilation and the development of clinical and research practices relating to sex hormones among Brazilian gynaecologists. It discusses the paths taken by medical thought from the reception of the hormones to their transformation into contraceptives. Our objective is to comprehend styles of introducing and disseminating medical technologies in the area of reproductive health in Brazil. It uses methods of historical analysis and takes as its source the Anais Brasileiros de Ginecologia, a journal published between 1936 and 1970...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798016/supporting-the-provision-of-palliative-care-in-the-home-environment-a-proof-of-concept-single-arm-trial-of-a-palliative-carers-education-package-precept
#7
Liz Forbat, Erna Haraldsdottir, Marsha Lewis, Ken Hepburn
INTRODUCTION: Practical educational interventions for palliative carers are needed. Current supports frequently rely on carers travelling to a central venue to receive education. A substantial gap therefore exists around determining how high-quality relevant information can be delivered nationally, with limited cost implications, using educational methods that are acceptable to carers in palliative care. This study seeks to design and assess feasibility and acceptability of a distance-learning approach to educating carers...
October 25, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797988/cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-study-protocols-of-the-adiposity-and-bone-metabolism-effects-of-exercise-induced-weight-loss-in-obese-adolescents-adibox-project
#8
Elodie Chaplais, Frédéric Dutheil, Geraldine Naughton, David Greene, Bruno Pereira, David Thivel, Daniel Courteix
INTRODUCTION: A need exists for sustainable and clinically effective weight management interventions, suitable for preventing well-linked chronic disease such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease and some less investigated secondary conditions such as bone alteration. The ADIposity and BOne metabolism: effects of eXercise-induced weight loss in obese adolescents (ADIBOX) protocol was designed to provide a better understanding of the interaction between adipokines and bone hormones in adolescents with obesity and how a 10-month physical activity programme may affect these interactions...
October 18, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697790/further-clarity-on-cooperation-and-morality
#9
David S Oderberg
I explore the increasingly important issue of cooperation in immoral actions, particularly in connection with healthcare. Conscientious objection, especially as pertains to religious freedom in healthcare, has become a pressing issue in the light of the US Supreme Court judgement in Hobby Lobby Section 'Moral evaluation using the basic principles of cooperation' outlines a theory of cooperation inspired by Catholic moral theologians such as those cited by the court. The theory has independent plausibility and is at least worthy of serious consideration-in part because it is an instance of double-effect reasoning, which is also independently plausible despite its association with moral theology...
April 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27467888/referrals-for-services-prohibited-in-catholic-health-care-facilities
#10
Debra B Stulberg, Rebecca A Jackson, Lori R Freedman
CONTEXT: Catholic hospitals control a growing share of health care in the United States and prohibit many common reproductive services, including ones related to sterilization, contraception, abortion and fertility. Professional ethics guidelines recommend that clinicians who deny patients reproductive services for moral or religious reasons provide a timely referral to prevent patient harm. Referral practices in Catholic hospitals, however, have not been explored. METHODS: Twenty-seven obstetrician-gynecologists who were currently working or had worked in Catholic facilities participated in semistructured interviews in 2011-2012...
September 2016: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403740/health-technology-assessment-of-pathogen-reduction-technologies-applied-to-plasma-for-clinical-use
#11
REVIEW
Americo Cicchetti, Alexandra Berrino, Marina Casini, Paola Codella, Giuseppina Facco, Alessandra Fiore, Giuseppe Marano, Marco Marchetti, Emanuela Midolo, Roberta Minacori, Pietro Refolo, Federica Romano, Matteo Ruggeri, Dario Sacchini, Antonio G Spagnolo, Irene Urbina, Stefania Vaglio, Giuliano Grazzini, Giancarlo M Liumbruno
Although existing clinical evidence shows that the transfusion of blood components is becoming increasingly safe, the risk of transmission of known and unknown pathogens, new pathogens or re-emerging pathogens still persists. Pathogen reduction technologies may offer a new approach to increase blood safety. The study is the output of collaboration between the Italian National Blood Centre and the Post-Graduate School of Health Economics and Management, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy. A large, multidisciplinary team was created and divided into six groups, each of which addressed one or more HTA domains...
2016: Blood Transfusion, Trasfusione del Sangue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349034/-benevolent-lies-and-divine-truths-information-giving-practices-in-the-era-of-medical-paternalism-brussels-1870-1930
#12
Valérie Leclercq
Mostly based on Belgian and French-language source material (such as hospital archives, medical ethics, Catholic nursing manuals, etc.), this article sheds light on the way that information around serious illnesses was managed in the late 19th and early 20th century. It is suggested that information-giving practices were largely defined by the paternalistic nature of pre-mid-20th century medicine and although these practices aimed to the same objective, their content varied greatly according to the medical professionals or caregivers involved (doctors, catholic nurses, priests)...
2016: Gesnerus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27214044/cell-churches-and-stem-cell-marketing-in-south-korea-and-the-united-states
#13
Douglas Sipp
The commercial provision of putative stem cell-based medical interventions in the absence of conclusive evidence of safety and efficacy has formed the basis of an unregulated industry for more than a decade. Many clinics offering such supposed stem cell treatments include statements about the 'ethical' nature of somatic (often colloquially referred to as 'adult' stem cells) stem cells, in specific contrast to human embryonic stem cells (hESCs), which have been the subject of intensive political, legal, and religious controversy since their first derivation in 1998...
May 23, 2016: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26857519/death-and-dignity-in-catholic-christian-thought
#14
Daniel P Sulmasy
This article traces the history of the concept of dignity in Western thought, arguing that it became a formal Catholic theological concept only in the late nineteenth century. Three uses of the word are distinguished: intrinsic, attributed, and inflorescent dignity, of which, it is argued, the intrinsic conception is foundational. The moral norms associated with respect for intrinsic dignity are discussed briefly. The scriptural and theological bases for adopting the concept of dignity as a Christian idea are elucidated...
February 8, 2016: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26791429/the-italian-way-to-stem-cell-research-rethinking-the-role-of-catholic-religion-in-shaping-italian-stem-cell-research-regulations
#15
Lorenzo Beltrame
Stem cell research regulations are highly variable across nations, notwithstanding shared and common ethical concerns. Dominant in political debates has been the so-called embryo question. However, the permissibility of human embryonic stem cell (hESC) research varies among national regulatory frameworks. Scholars have explained differences by resorting to notions of political culture, traditions of ethical reasoning, discursive strategies and political manoeuvring of involved actors. Explanations based on the role of religion or other cultural structural variables are also employed...
January 21, 2016: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26687906/factors-associated-with-willingness-to-donate-embryos-for-research-among-couples-undergoing-ivf
#16
Catarina Samorinha, Milton Severo, Elisabete Alves, Helena Machado, Bárbara Figueiredo, Susana Silva
Between 2011 and 2012, 213 heterosexual couples undergoing fertility treatments in a Portuguese public fertility centre were systematically recruited to assess factors associated with willingness to donate embryos for research. Data were collected by questionnaire. Most couples (87.3%; 95% CI 82.1 to 91.5) were willing to donate embryos for research, citing benefits for science, health and infertile patients. Almost all couples (94.3%; 95% CI 89.8 to 96.7) reached consensus about the decision. Willingness to donate was more frequent in women younger than 36 years (adjusted OR 3...
February 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26619615/in-battle-over-reproductive-healthcare-the-aclu-hunts-for-best-challenge-to-catholic-hospitals-ethical-rules
#17
Lisa Schencker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2015: Modern Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26423767/what-ethical-issues-really-arise-in-practice-at-an-academic-medical-center-a-quantitative-and-qualitative-analysis-of-clinical-ethics-consultations-from-2008-to-2013
#18
Katherine Wasson, Emily Anderson, Erika Hagstrom, Michael McCarthy, Kayhan Parsi, Mark Kuczewski
As the field of clinical ethics consultation sets standards and moves forward with the Quality Attestation process, questions should be raised about what ethical issues really do arise in practice. There is limited data on the type and number of ethics consultations conducted across different settings. At Loyola University Medical Center, we conducted a retrospective review of our ethics consultations from 2008 through 2013. One hundred fifty-six cases met the eligibility criteria. We analyzed demographic data on these patients and conducted a content analysis of the ethics consultation write-ups coding both the frequency of ethical issues and most significant, or key, ethical issue per case...
September 2016: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26056652/euthanasia-murder-or-not-a-comparative-approach
#19
REVIEW
Božidar Banović, Veljko Turanjanin
Background Euthanasia is one of the most intriguing ethical, medical and law issues that marked whole XX century and beginning of the XXI century, sharply dividing scientific and unscientific public to its supporters and opponents. It also appears as one of the points where all three major religions (Catholic, Orthodox, and Islamic) have the same view. They are strongly against legalizing mercy killing, emphasizing the holiness of life as a primary criterion by which the countries should start in their considerations...
October 2014: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26049934/human-embryonic-stem-cell-research-ethical-views-of-buddhist-hindu-and-catholic-leaders-in-malaysia
#20
Mathana Amaris Fiona Sivaraman, Siti Nurani Mohd Noor
Embryonic Stem Cell Research (ESCR) raises ethical issues. In the process of research, embryos may be destroyed and, to some, such an act entails the 'killing of human life'. Past studies have sought the views of scientists and the general public on the ethics of ESCR. This study, however, explores multi-faith ethical viewpoints, in particular, those of Buddhists, Hindus and Catholics in Malaysia, on ESCR. Responses were gathered via semi-structured, face-to-face interviews. Three main ethical quandaries emerged from the data: (1) sanctity of life, (2) do no harm, and (3) 'intention' of the research...
April 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
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