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Platelet transfusion in thrombotic microangiopathy

S A Curtis, B R Curtis, A I Lee, J E Hendrickson, J Lacy, N A Podoltsev
OBJECTIVES: We report a case of an 83 year old man who developed oxaliplatin immune-induced syndrome (OIIS) after his 19th cycle of FOLFOX (5FU, leucovorin, oxaliplatin). When oxaliplatin was omitted from his next cycle of chemotherapy he continues to show signs of drug-induced immune thrombocytopenia (DITP) and was found to have drug-dependent, platelet-reactive antibodies (DDPA) to leucovorin and palonosetron as well as oxaliplatin. METHODS: The patient was admitted for monitoring but required no transfusions and thrombocytopenia resolved without treatment during his first admission...
December 28, 2017: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Shinichi Miyazaki, Takuya Ikeda, Genshi Ito, Masahide Inoue, Keiji Nara, Yuko Nishinaga, Yoshinori Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary tumor thrombotic microangiopathy is a special type of tumor thromboembolism. We report the case of a patient who developed pulmonary tumor thrombotic microangiopathy with alveolar hemorrhage. Almost all patients with pulmonary tumor thrombotic microangiopathy die within 1 week of the onset of dyspnea; however, the prognosis in this case was better, with 10 weeks of survival from presentation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 62-year-old Japanese man was referred to our hospital with a 4-week history of dyspnea on exertion and severe pulmonary hypertension...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Hasan Fattah, Dhiren Kumar, James N George, H Davis Massey, Anne L King, Kenneth D Friedman, Gaurav Gupta
BACKGROUND: Congenital thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) may not be recognized until organ failure related to the microvascular thrombosis occurs. Kidney failure may be the initial presenting clinical feature. Kidney transplantation has been contraindicated because of the assumption that the continuing microvascular thrombosis will cause inevitable graft failure. CASE REPORT: We report a 48-year-old nulliparous woman who presented with end-stage kidney disease that was attributed to hypertension...
December 2017: Transfusion
Georges Andreu, Karim Boudjedir, Jean-Yves Muller, Elodie Pouchol, Yves Ozier, Guillaume Fevre, Chantal Gautreau, Jean-François Quaranta, Christian Drouet, Claire Rieux, Paul-Michel Mertes, Benoit Clavier, Monique Carlier, Imad Sandid
Using the French Hemovigilance Network database from 2007 to 2013, we provide information on demographics, incidence, and risk factors of reported transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) and possible TRALI, analyze TRALI mitigation efforts for fresh frozen plasma and platelet concentrates, and consider the impact of platelet additive solutions on TRALI incidence. We applied the Toronto consensus conference definitions for TRALI and possible TRALI. Two TRALI subgroups were considered: "antibody positive" when a donor has human leukocyte antigen (class I or II) and/or human neutrophil antigen antibodies and the recipient has cognate antigen, and "antibody negative" when immunological investigation is negative or not done...
January 2018: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
M Trávniková, J Gumulec, Z Kořístek, M Navrátil, M Janáč, J Pelková, P Šuráň, E Doležálková, O Šimetka
OBJECTIVE: Case report of woman with twin pregnancy complicated by HELLP syndrome which progressed to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome with predominant encephalopathy, renal and respiratory insufficiency with the need to perform repeated therapeutic plasma exchange. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Department of gynecology and obstetrics, University Hospital in Ostrava; Departmet of hematooncology, University Hospital in Ostrava; Department of gynecology and obstetrics, Vsetín hospital; Department of hematology and transfusion, Vsetín Hospital...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
Donavan de Souza Lúcio, Jacqueline Foelkel Pignatari, Marcelo Gil Cliquet, Henri Augusto Korkes
CONTEXT: Thrombotic microangiopathy syndrome or thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura-hemolytic uremic syndrome (TTP-HUS) describes distinct diseases sharing common pathological features: microangiopathic hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia, without any other apparent cause. CASE REPORT: An 18-year-old second-trimester primigravida presented with a history of fifteen days of intense weakness, followed by diarrhea over the past six days. She reported having had low platelets since childhood, but said that she had never had bleeding or menstrual abnormalities...
September 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
Farhanah Yousaf, Bruce Spinowitz, Chaim Charytan, Marilyn Galler
A 43-year-old Hispanic male without significant previous medical history was brought to emergency department for syncope following a blood draw to investigate a 40 lbs weight loss during the past 6 months associated with decreased appetite and progressive fatigue. The patient also reported a 1-month history of jaundice. On examination, he was hemodynamically stable and afebrile with pallor and diffuse jaundice but without skin rash or palpable purpura. Normal sensations and power in all extremities were evident on neurological exam...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
Jan Beneke, Aleksej Sartison, Jan T Kielstein, Hermann Haller, Martin Nitschke, Ulrich Kunzendorf, Sebastian Loos, Markus J Kemper, Rolf A K Stahl, Jan Menne
Recent studies suggest that platelet transfusions are harmful in patients with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, an entity of thrombotic microangiopathies. As the typical or Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli-induced hemolytic uremic syndrome (STEC-HUS) is also classified as thrombotic microangiopathy, we complement these data with an analysis of 250 patients from the German O104:H4 STEC-HUS outbreak. The effect of platelet transfusion in 44 patients who received platelet transfusions vs 206 control patients was investigated...
January 2017: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
N Navarro-Alvarez, J A Shah, A Zhu, J Ligocka, H Yeh, N Elias, I Rosales, R Colvin, A B Cosimi, J F Markmann, M Hertl, D H Sachs, P A Vagefi
We sought to determine the effects of exogenous administration of human coagulation factors following pig-to-baboon liver xenotransplantation (LXT) using GalT-KO swine donors. After LXT, baboons received no coagulation factors (historical control, n = 1), bolus administration of a human prothrombin concentrate complex (hPCC; 2.5 mL/kg, n = 2), continuous infusion of hPCC (1.0 mL/h, n = 1) or continuous infusion of human recombinant factor VIIa (1 µg/kg per hour, n = 3). The historical control recipient demonstrated persistent thrombocytopenia despite platelet administration after transplant, along with widespread thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA)...
June 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
Daniela Lopes, Ana Marta Gomes, Cátia Cunha, Catarina Silva Pinto, Teresa Fidalgo, João Carlos Fernandes
Atypical haemolytic uraemic syndrome (aHUS) is a rare, life-threatening, chronic, genetic disease due to uncontrolled alternative pathway complement activation. In this report, we discuss the case of a heterozygous carrier of a mutation on both factor H and membrane cofactor protein, who persistently presents haemolytic anaemia without need for blood transfusions, normal platelet count, normal renal function and no signs or symptoms of organ injury due to thrombotic microangiopathy 4 years after the diagnosis of aHUS...
December 2015: Clinical Kidney Journal
P Blombery, L Kivivali, D Pepperell, Z McQuilten, S Engelbrecht, M N Polizzotto, L E Phillips, E Wood, S Cohney
BACKGROUND: Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a rare, life-threatening thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA). In 2009, the Australian TTP/TMA registry was established to collect data on patients presenting with TTP/TMA throughout Australia. AIM: To summarise information on the diagnosis and management of patients with TTP collected in the first 5 years (2009-2014) of the Australian TTP registry. METHODS: Registry data from June 2009 to October 2014 were reviewed...
January 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
David J Kuter
Thrombocytopenia is a common problem in cancer patients. Aside from bleeding risk, thrombocytopenia limits chemotherapy dose and frequency. In evaluating thrombocytopenic cancer patients, it is important to assess for other causes of thrombocytopenia, including immune thrombocytopenia, coagulopathy, infection, drug reaction, post-transfusion purpura, and thrombotic microangiopathy. The incidence of chemotherapy-induced thrombocytopenia varies greatly depending on the treatment used; the highest rates of this condition are associated with gemcitabine- and platinum-based regimens...
April 2015: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
Cécile Onclinx, Sophie Dogne, Laurence Jadin, Fabienne Andris, Christian Grandfils, François Jouret, François Mullier, Bruno Flamion
Hyaluronan is a major component of the extracellular matrix and glycocalyx. Its main somatic degrading enzymes are hyaluronidases 1 and 2, neither of which is active in the bloodstream. We generated hyaluronidase 2-deficient mice. These animals suffer from chronic, mild anemia and thrombocytopenia, in parallel with a 10-fold increase in plasma hyaluronan concentration. In this study we explored the mechanism of these hematologic anomalies. The decreased erythrocyte and platelet counts were attributed to peripheral consumption...
August 2015: Haematologica
Claudia Iglesias Teixeira, Roberta Gonçalves Mota, Bruna Gabriela Vieira Afonso, Tatiana Vieira Carneiro, Geraldo Sérgio Gonçalves Meira, Divino Urias Mendonça
To report the use of Eculizumab in atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) after renal transplantation. A 16 year-old patient diagnosed with chronic kidney disease since 2010, due to aHUS, under dialysis. kidney transplantation by deceased donor: February/2012. She showed good clinical evolution until the 14th postoperative day, when he developed a fever, oliguria, worsening of renal function [serum creatinine (CRs): 4.0 mg/dl] and signs of hemolysis [platelets: 110,000 mm3; hemoglobin (Hb): 4.5 g/dL; LDH: 3366 U/L]...
January 2015: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
Charis von Auer, Anne-Sophie von Krogh, Johanna A Kremer Hovinga, Bernhard Lämmle
The complex relation between thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) and pregnancy is concisely reviewed. Pregnancy is a very strong trigger for acute disease manifestation in patients with hereditary TTP caused by double heterozygous or homozygous mutations of ADAMTS13 (ADisintegrin And Metalloprotease with ThromboSpondin type 1 domains, no. 13). In several affected women disease onset during their first pregnancy leads to the diagnosis of hereditary TTP. Without plasma treatment mother and especially fetus are at high risk of dying...
February 2015: Thrombosis Research
L Barry Seltz, Leigh Anne Bakel, Jennifer Tiehen, Dexiang Gao, Melissa A Cadnapaphornchai, Gary Lum, Douglas Ford
INTRODUCTION: Hemolytic uremic syndrome is a thrombotic microangiopathy. Clopidogrel, a recently developed platelet aggregation inhibitor, has not been previously reported as a treatment for this illness. Our study's objective was to explore the efficacy and safety of clopidogrel in children with diarrhea associated hemolytic uremic syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of all children (≤ 18 years) hospitalized with diarrhea associated hemolytic uremic syndrome...
September 2012: Thrombosis Research
Ricardo Forastiero
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disease characterized clinically by the occurrence of venous or arterial thrombosis, and/or pregnancy morbidity. The detection of persistently elevated levels of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) is a requisite laboratory feature for the diagnosis of APS. The positivity for at least one aPL test: lupus anticoagulant and/or IgG/IgM anticardiolipin and/ or IgG/IgM anti-β2 glycoprotein I antibodies must be detected. Sometimes aPL coagulopathy may start with a hemorrhagic syndrome when a severe thrombocytopenia, or an acquired thrombocytopathy, or an acquired factor VIII inhibitor, or an acquired prothrombin deficiency is present...
April 2012: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Junichi Shindoh, Yasuhiko Sugawara, Sumihito Tamura, Junichi Kaneko, Noriyo Yamashiki, Taku Aoki, Kiyoshi Hasegawa, Yoshihiro Sakamoto, Norihiro Kokudo
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The clinical features and perioperative management of liver transplant recipients who are already sensitized against human leukocyte antigen (HLA) prior to transplantation are not yet clear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of living donor liver transplant recipients were reviewed and clinical features of the patients possessing anti-HLA antibodies were studied. RESULTS: Among the 470 consecutive living donor liver transplant recipients, 6 patients (1...
March 2013: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
Jacob G Thomas, Sanjeev Sethi, Suzanne M Norby
We present the case of a 62-year-old man with a history of Wegener granulomatosis who developed chronic thrombotic microangiopathy attributed to gemcitabine chemotherapy. Wegener granulomatosis had been diagnosed 15 years earlier, and the patient was treated using cyclophosphamide and prednisone, then maintained on mycophenolate mofetil and prednisone. Four years previously, he had been treated with mitomycin C for urothelial carcinoma and at the time of presentation had developed significant anemia and thrombocytopenia after a course of gemcitabine and carboplatin due to metastasis of the carcinoma...
May 2011: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Dániel Deme, Márton Ragán, Katalin Kalmár, Lajos Kovács, Erzsébet Varga, Tünde Varga, Ervin Rakonczai
Disseminated intravascular coagulopathy (DIC) is characterized as activation of the clotting system resulting in fibrin thrombi, gradually diminishing levels of clotting factors with increased risk of bleeding. Basically two types of DIC are distinguished: (1) chronic (compensated) - with alteration of laboratory values and (2) acute (non-compensated) - with severe clinical manifestations: bleeding, shock, acute renal failure (ARF), transient focal neurologic deficit, delirium or coma. Chronic DIC related to metastatic neoplasia is caused by pancreatic, gastric or prostatic carcinoma in most of the cases...
December 2010: Magyar Onkologia
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