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Disaster drill

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149064/who-participates-in-the-great-shakeout-why-audience-segmentation-is-the-future-of-disaster-preparedness-campaigns
#1
Rachel M Adams, Beth Karlin, David P Eisenman, Johanna Blakley, Deborah Glik
Background: In 2008, the Southern California Earthquake Center in collaboration with the U.S. Geological Survey Earthquake Hazards Program launched the first annual Great ShakeOut, the largest earthquake preparedness drill in the history of the United States. Materials and Methods: We collected online survey data from 2052 campaign registrants to assess how people participated, whether audience segments shared behavioral patterns, and whether these segments were associated with five social cognitive factors targeted by the ShakeOut campaign...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129187/developing-the-fourth-evaluation-dimension-a-protocol-for-evaluation-of-video-from-the-patient-s-perspective-during-major-incident-exercises
#2
J J Mark Haverkort, Luke P H Leenen
OBJECTIVE: Presently used evaluation techniques rely on 3 traditional dimensions: reports from observers, registration system data, and observational cameras. Some of these techniques are observer-dependent and are not reproducible for a second review. This proof-of-concept study aimed to test the feasibility of extending evaluation to a fourth dimension, the patient's perspective. METHODS: Footage was obtained during a large, full-scale hospital trauma drill. Two mock victims were equipped with point-of-view cameras filming from the patient's head...
October 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066937/empirical-research-on-the-utility-of-a-preparation-manual-for-a-disaster-medical-response-drill
#3
Takao Arai, Shoichi Ohta, Masaki Onishi, Miyu Taniguchi, Junya Tsurukiri, Kenichiro Kumasaka, Katsuhiro Nagata, Kensuke Suzuki, Ken Harigae, Tetsuo Yukioka
PURPOSE: It is difficult for emergency physicians to plan and execute a disaster medical response drill while conducting their daily work activities. Readily available drill preparation manuals are therefore essential, alongside assessment methods to ensure quality. Here, we propose email text analysis as a manual assessment method, and investigate its validity. METHODS: The preparation status of two similar large-scale disaster medical response drills were compared...
2017: Open Access Emergency Medicine: OAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822215/family-emergency-plan-and-preparedness-among-medical-practitioners-in-zaria-nigeria
#4
Jerry Godfrey Makama, Istifanus Anekoson Joshua, Elizabeth Jerry Makama
BACKGROUND: There has been an increase in the incidence of disasters in many parts of the world. Similarly, Nigeria has witnessed a recent increase of man-made disaster events such as plane crash, fire incidents, flood, and building collapse, including bomb blast orchestrated by terrorists that often create emergency situations. Therefore, the aim of the study was to evaluate family emergency plan and preparedness among medical practitioners in Zaria. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study (May-July, 2013) of medical practitioners in Zaria, Nigeria...
2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815092/zinc-chloride-smoke-inhalation-induced-severe-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-first-survival-in-the-united-states-with-extended-duration-five-weeks-therapy-with-high-dose-corticosteroids-in-combination-with-lung-protective-ventilation
#5
Hafiz Mahboob, Robert Richeson Iii, Robert McCain
Zinc chloride smoke bomb exposure is frequently seen in military drills, combat exercises, metal industry works, and disaster simulations. Smoke exposure presents with variety of pulmonary damage based on the intensity of the exposure. Smoke induced severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is often fatal and there are no standard treatment guidelines. We report the first survival of smoke induced severe ARDS in the United States (US) with prolonged use of high dose steroids (five weeks) and lung protective ventilation alone...
2017: Case Reports in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771646/assessing-disaster-preparedness-among-select-children-s-summer-camps-in-the-united-states-and-canada
#6
Megan Chang, Alan Sielaff, Stuart Bradin, Kevin Walker, Michael Ambrose, Andrew Hashikawa
OBJECTIVE: Children's summer camps are at risk for multiple pediatric casualties during a disaster. The degree to which summer camps have instituted disaster preparedness is unknown. We assessed disaster preparedness among selected camps nationally for a range of disasters. METHODS: We partnered with a national, web-based electronic health records system to send camp leadership of 315 camp organizations a 14-question online survey of disaster preparedness. One response from each camp was selected in the following order of importance: owner, director, physician, nurse, medical technician, office staff, and other...
August 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673371/mass-fatality-incident-preparedness-among-faith-based-organizations
#7
Qi Zhi, Jacqueline A Merrill, Robyn R Gershon
Introduction Members of faith-based organizations (FBOs) are in a unique position to provide support and services to their local communities during disasters. Because of their close community ties and well-established trust, they can play an especially critical role in helping communities heal in the aftermath of a mass-fatality incident (MFI). Faith-based organizations are considered an important disaster resource and partner under the National Response Plan (NRP) and National Response Framework; however, their level of preparedness and response capabilities with respect to MFIs has never been evaluated...
July 4, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606207/utilizing-a-pediatric-disaster-coalition-model-to-increase-pediatric-critical-care-surge-capacity-in-new-york-city
#8
Michael Frogel, Avram Flamm, Mayer Sagy, Katharine Uraneck, Edward Conway, Michael Ushay, Bruce M Greenwald, Louisdon Pierre, Vikas Shah, Mohamed Gaffoor, Arthur Cooper, George Foltin
A mass casualty event can result in an overwhelming number of critically injured pediatric victims that exceeds the available capacity of pediatric critical care (PCC) units, both locally and regionally. To address these gaps, the New York City (NYC) Pediatric Disaster Coalition (PDC) was established. The PDC includes experts in emergency preparedness, critical care, surgery, and emergency medicine from 18 of 25 major NYC PCC-capable hospitals. A PCC surge committee created recommendations for making additional PCC beds available with an emphasis on space, staff, stuff (equipment), and systems...
June 13, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587501/crude-explorationportraying-industrial-disaster-in-deepwater-horizon-a-film-directed-by-peter-berg-2016-crude-exploration-portraying-industrial-disaster-in-deepwater-horizon-a-film-directed-by-peter-berg-2016
#9
Shane Dixon, Tim Gawley
The 2016 film Deepwater Horizon offers a rare portrayal of industrial disaster. It is novel as there are few film-based treatments of this issue. The film enables the public to learn about the disaster, the lives lost, and the stories of survival, but it also provides the opportunity to examine how industrial disaster and, by extension, occupational health and safety may be publicly framed and understood. This article presents an analysis of Deepwater Horizon. Four primary industrial disaster frames are identified in the film: profit maximization, technology and technology failure, managerial conflict, and worker portrayals...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486328/japanese-and-korean-nursing-students-motivation-for-joining-disaster-relief-activities-as-nurses-in-the-future
#10
Myoung-Ae Choe, Noriko Kuwano, Kyung-Sook Bang, Mi-Kyoung Cho, Rika Yatsushiro, Yuki Kawata
The purpose of this study was to identify differences in motivation for joining disaster relief activities as a nurse in the future between Japanese and Korean nursing students. A descriptive 2-group comparative study design was used. The participants were 721 first- to fourth-year nursing students (Japanese, n = 324; Korean, n = 397). From June to September 2014, data were collected through a researcher-administered questionnaire and self-reported answers. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, the χ test, and the t test...
May 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345508/use-of-a-novel-portable-led-based-capillary-refill-time-simulator-within-a-disaster-triage-context
#11
Todd P Chang, Genevieve Santillanes, Ilene Claudius, Phung K Pham, James Koved, John Cheyne, Marianne Gausche-Hill, Amy H Kaji, Saranya Srinivasan, J Joelle Donofrio, Cynthia Bir
Introduction A simple, portable capillary refill time (CRT) simulator is not commercially available. This device would be useful in mass-casualty simulations with multiple volunteers or mannequins depicting a variety of clinical findings and CRTs. The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate a prototype CRT simulator in a disaster simulation context. METHODS: A CRT prototype simulator was developed by embedding a pressure-sensitive piezo crystal, and a single red light-emitting diode (LED) light was embedded, within a flesh-toned resin...
August 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318478/disaster-education-a-survey-study-to-analyze-disaster-medicine-training-in-emergency-medicine-residency-programs-in-the-united-states
#12
Ritu R Sarin, Srihari Cattamanchi, Abdulrahman Alqahtani, Majed Aljohani, Mark Keim, Gregory R Ciottone
BACKGROUND: The increase in natural and man-made disasters occurring worldwide places Emergency Medicine (EM) physicians at the forefront of responding to these crises. Despite the growing interest in Disaster Medicine, it is unclear if resident training has been able to include these educational goals. Hypothesis This study surveys EM residencies in the United States to assess the level of education in Disaster Medicine, to identify competencies least and most addressed, and to highlight effective educational models already in place...
August 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302359/footprint-weathering-and-persistence-of-synthetic-base-drilling-mud-olefins-in-deep-sea-sediments-following-the-deepwater-horizon-disaster
#13
Scott A Stout, James R Payne
Olefin-based synthetic-based drilling mud (SBM) was released into the Gulf of Mexico as a result of the Deepwater Horizon (DWH) disaster in 2010. We studied the composition of neat SBM and, using conventional GC-FID, the extent, concentration, and chemical character of SBM-derived olefins in >3600 seafloor sediments collected in 2010/2011 and 2014. SBM-derived (C14-C20) olefins occurred (up to 10cm deep) within a 6.5km(2) "footprint" around the well. The olefin concentration in most sediments decreased an order of magnitude between 2010/2011 and 2014, at least in part due to biodegradation, evidenced by the preferential loss C16 and C18 linear (α- and internal) versus branched olefins...
May 15, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260545/lessons-learned-from-an-active-shooter-full-scale-functional-exercise-in-a-newly-constructed-emergency-department
#14
Bryan Wexler, Avram Flamm
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this exercise was to conduct a full-scale functional exercise utilizing an active-shooter-based scenario to test and evaluate hospital response and coordination with local law enforcement. METHODS: A multidisciplinary group, including community partners, formulated objectives in accordance with the Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program and defined a scenario. A date to conduct the exercise was chosen on the basis of the expected completion of a large section of the new emergency department but prior to its opening for patient care...
March 6, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252489/using-standardized-patients-in-large-scale-hospital-disaster-drills
#15
Mary Edel Holtschneider
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal for Nurses in Professional Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251227/evaluation-of-disaster-preparedness-for-mass-casualty-incidents-in-private-hospitals-in-central-saudi-arabia
#16
Abdullah A Bin Shalhoub, Anas A Khan, Yaser A Alaska
To identify and describe the hospital disaster preparedness (HDP) in major private hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Methods: This is an observational cross-sectional survey study performed in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia between December 2015 and April 2016. Thirteen major private hospitals in Riyadh with more than 100 beds capacity were included in this investigation. Results: The 13 hospitals had HDP plan and reported to have an HDP committee. In 12 (92.3%) hospitals, the HDP covered both internal and external disasters and HDP was available in every department of the hospital...
March 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115033/development-of-an-evacuation-tool-to-facilitate-disaster-preparedness-use-in-a-planned-evacuation-to-support-a-hospital-move
#17
Ranna A Rozenfeld, Sally L Reynolds, Sherri Ewing, Mary Margaret Crulcich, Michelle Stephenson
OBJECTIVES: Our institution relocated to a new facility 3.5 miles from our original location in Chicago on June 9, 2012. We describe the tools we developed to prepare, execute, and manage our evacuation and relocation. METHODS: Tools developed for the planned evacuation included the following: level of acuity and team composition classification, patient departure checklist, evacuation handoff tool, and a patient tracking system within the electronic health record...
August 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101880/family-emergency-plan-and-preparedness-among-medical-practitioners-in-zaria-nigeria
#18
Jerry Godfrey Makama, Istifanus Anekoson Joshua, Elizabeth Jerry Makama
BACKGROUND: There has been an increase in the incidence of disasters in many parts of the world. Similarly, Nigeria has witnessed a recent increase of man-made disaster events such as plane crash, fire incidents, flood, and building collapse, including bomb blast orchestrated by terrorists that often create emergency situations. Therefore, the aim of the study was to evaluate family emergency plan and preparedness among medical practitioners in Zaria. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study (May-July, 2013) of medical practitioners in Zaria, Nigeria...
November 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029612/what-are-the-most-common-domains-of-the-core-competencies-of-disaster-nursing-a-scoping-review
#19
REVIEW
Abdullelah Al Thobaity, Virginia Plummer, Brett Williams
AIM: Scoping review was conducted to identify the most common domains of the core competencies of disaster nursing. BACKGROUND: Nurses play an essential role in all phases of disaster management. For nurses to respond competently, they must be equipped with the skills to provide comprehensive and holistic care to the populations affected by or at risk of disasters. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted using the Joanna Briggs Institute methodology...
March 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964768/evaluation-of-hospitals-disaster-preparedness-plans-in-the-holy-city-of-makkah-mecca-a-cross-sectional-observation-study
#20
Ali S Al-Shareef, Loui K Alsulimani, Hattan M Bojan, Taha M Masri, Jennifer O Grimes, Michael S Molloy, Gregory R Ciottone
BACKGROUND: Makkah (Mecca) is a holy city located in the western region of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Each year, millions of pilgrims visit Makkah. These numbers impact both routine health care delivery and disaster response. This study aimed to evaluate hospitals' disaster plans in the city of Makkah. METHODS: Study investigators administered a questionnaire survey to 17 hospitals in the city of Makkah. Data on hospital characteristics and three key domains of disaster plans (general evaluation of disaster planning, structural feasibility of the hospitals, and health care worker knowledge and training) were collated and analyzed...
February 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
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