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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788243/social-support-and-the-intimate-partner-violence-victimization-among-adults-from-six-european-countries
#1
Nicole Geovana Dias, Diogo Costa, Joaquim Soares, Eleni Hatzidimitriadou, Elisabeth Ioannidi-Kapolou, Jutta Lindert, Örjan Sundin, Olga Toth, Henrique Barros, Silvia Fraga
Background: Social support may buffer the negative effects of violence on physical and mental health. Family medicine providers play an essential role in identifying the available social support and intervening in intimate partner violence (IPV). Objective: This study aimed at assessing the association between social support and the IPV victimization among adults from six European countries. Methods: This is a cross-sectional multi-centre study that included individuals from Athens (Greece), Budapest (Hungary), London (UK), Östersund (Sweden), Porto (Portugal) and Stuttgart (Germany)...
May 21, 2018: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782261/-chronic-kidney-disease-as-basis-of-high-thrombotic-and-bleeding-risk-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-place-of-oral-anticoagulants
#2
A G Obrezan, A Y Zemchenkov
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) aggravates course of practically all diseases by worsening outcomes and hindering adequate treatment. Specificities of renal excretion of various drugs, changes of parameters of their pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, nephrotoxic effects of drugs, tactics of drug therapy in conditions of CKD, terminal stage of kidney failure and dialysis are in the focus of attention of internists. To a greatest degree difficulties of drug therapy in CKD and associated clinical states refer to the group of anticoagulants...
April 2018: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776516/tactical-emergency-medicine-support
#3
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737839/biodegradable-multifunctional-bioactive-glass-based-nanocomposites-elastomers-with-controlled-biomineralization-activity-real-time-bioimaging-tracking-and-decreased-inflammatory-response
#4
Yannan Li, Yi Guo, Wen Niu, Mi Chen, Yumeng Xue, Juan Ge, Peter X Ma, Bo Lei
Controlled biomineralization activity of biomaterials is rather important in bone regeneration and osseointegration avoiding the formation of fibrous capsule. However, most of conventional biodegradable elastomeric biomaterials for bone regeneration do not possess biomineralization ability and inherent multifunctional properties. Herein, we report a multifunctional bioactive glass (BG)-based hybrid poly(citrate-siloxane) (PCS) elastomer with intrinsical biomineralization activity and photoluminescent properties for potential bone tissue regeneration...
May 8, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718289/-the-neurosis-that-has-possessed-us-political-repression-in-the-cold-war-medical-profession
#5
Merlin Chowkwanyun
Political repression played a central role in shaping the political complexion of the American medical profession, the policies it advocated, and those allowed to function comfortably in it. Previous work on the impact of McCarthyism and medicine focuses heavily on the mid-century failure of national health insurance (NHI) and medical reform organizations that suffered from McCarthyist attacks. The focus is national and birds-eye but says less about the impact on day-to-day life of physicians caught in a McCarthyist web; and how exactly the machinery of political repression within the medical profession worked on the ground...
April 27, 2018: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713634/cell-based-therapies-for-joint-disease-in-veterinary-medicine-what-we-have-learned-and-what-we-need-to-know
#6
REVIEW
Sophie Helen Bogers
Biological cell-based therapies for the treatment of joint disease in veterinary patients include autologous-conditioned serum, platelet-rich plasma, and expanded or non-expanded mesenchymal stem cell products. This narrative review outlines the processing and known mechanism of action of these therapies and reviews current preclinical and clinical efficacy in joint disease in the context of the processing type and study design. The significance of variation for biological activity and consequently regulatory approval is also discussed...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624375/computational-chemistry-a-rising-tide-of-women
#7
M Katharine Holloway, Georgia B McGaughey
The authors were inspired to explore the topic of gender diversity in computational chemistry based on similar recent publications in the related fields of medicinal chemistry (1) and computational biology (2). To do so, we examined historical demographics in two different professional settings, i.e. attendance/participation at the Gordon Research Conferences on Computer-Aided Drug Design and Computational Chemistry and membership in the Computers in Chemistry division of the American Chemical Society. We conclude that female representation in computational chemistry has risen steadily over the last 40 years and likely stands around 25%, a number which appears to slightly exceed that of the neighboring fields of computer science and medicinal chemistry...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599277/preclinical-studies-of-stem-cell-therapy-for-heart-disease
#8
REVIEW
Bryon A Tompkins, Wayne Balkan, Johannes Winkler, Mariann Gyöngyösi, Georg Goliasch, Francisco Fernández-Avilés, Joshua M Hare
As part of the TACTICS (Transnational Alliance for Regenerative Therapies in Cardiovascular Syndromes) series to enhance regenerative medicine, here, we discuss the role of preclinical studies designed to advance stem cell therapies for cardiovascular disease. The quality of this research has improved over the past 10 to 15 years and overall indicates that cell therapy promotes cardiac repair. However, many issues remain, including inability to provide complete cardiac recovery. Recent studies question the need for intact cells suggesting that harnessing what the cells release is the solution...
March 30, 2018: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569679/the-success-of-endotracheal-intubation-with-a-modified-laryngoscope-using-night-vision-goggles
#9
Attila Aydın, Sedat Bilge, Cemile Aydın, Meltem Bilge, Erdem Çevik, Mehmet Eryılmaz
BACKGROUND: Endotracheal intubation (ETI) procedure in the combat area differs from prehospital trauma life support procedures because of the danger of gunfire and the dark environment. We aimed to determine the success, difficulty degree, and duration of ETI procedures with a classical laryngoscope (CL) in a bright room and with a modified laryngoscope (ML) model in a dark room. METHODS: All interventions were performed by a combatant medical staff of 10 members...
March 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560056/a-tactical-medicine-after-action-report-of-the-san-bernardino-terrorist-incident
#10
Joshua P Bobko, Mrinal Sinha, David Chen, Stephen Patterson, Todd Baldridge, Michael Eby, William Harris, Ryan Starling, Ofer Lichtman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533448/prehospital-medicine-and-the-future-will-ecmo-ever-play-a-role
#11
David Macku, Pavel Hedvicak, John Quinn, Vladimir Bencko
Due to the hybrid warfare currently experienced by multiple NATO coalition and NATO partner nations, the tactical combat casualty care (TCCC) paradigm is greatly challenged. One of the major challenges to TCCC is the ad hoc extension phase in resource-poor environments, referred to as prolonged field care (PFC) and forward resuscitative care (FRC). The nuanced clinical skills with limited resources required by warfighters and auxiliary health care professionals to mitigate death on the battlefield and prevent morbidity and mortality in the PFC phase represent a balance that is still under review...
December 0: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503283/strategies-for-achieving-diversity-through-medical-school-admissions
#12
Quinn Capers, Leon McDougle, Daniel M Clinchot
The relative lack of diversity in medicine is a rate limiting factor in efforts to eliminate health care disparities. Many medical schools struggle to matriculate student bodies that reflect the diversity of this country. Actively recruiting is one tactic to diversify a medical school's applicant pool, but in isolation is not enough. Our medical school admissions committee made a number of programmatic changes that contributed to our current compositional diversity that may be instructive to others. This report from the field on the experience of one U...
2018: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485427/how-hemorrhage-control-became-common-sense
#13
Alan James Hawk
BACKGROUND: Just over 200 years ago, surgeons were puzzled that the use of the tourniquet to control hemorrhage as common sense during surgery was a relatively recent development. Within the last 20 years, much progress has been made to controlling hemorrhage in the prehospital context. Then, as now, it was surprising that progress on something that appeared obvious had occurred only recently, begging the question how controlling blood loss was common sense in a surgical context, but not for emergency treatment...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417649/-addressed-to-you-not-as-a-smoker%C3%A2-but-as-a-doctor-doctor-targeted-cigarette-advertisements-in-jama
#14
Robert K Jackler, Noel F Ayoub
BACKGROUND AND AIM: During the mid-20th century tobacco companies placed advertisements in medical journals to entice physicians to smoke their brand and, more importantly, to recommend it to their patients. They have been little studied, in part because advertising sections in medical journals are almost universally discarded before binding. This study aimed to define the themes and techniques used in doctor-targeted tobacco advertisements that appeared in American medical journals in the mid-20th century and determine the motivations and tactics of the tobacco industry in engaging the medical profession in this way...
February 7, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348246/global-overview-of-the-transnational-alliance-for-regenerative-therapies-in-cardiovascular-syndromes-tactics-recommendations-a-comprehensive-series-of-challenges-and-priorities-of-cardiovascular-regenerative-medicine
#15
EDITORIAL
Francisco Fernández-Avilés, Ricardo Sanz-Ruiz, Andreu M Climent, Lina Badimon, Roberto Bolli, Dominique Charron, Valentin Fuster, Stefan Janssens, Jens Kastrup, Hyo-Soo Kim, Thomas F Lüscher, John F Martin, Philippe Menasché, Fausto J Pinto, Robert D Simari, Gregg W Stone, Andre Terzic, James T Willerson, Joseph C Wu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2018: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219248/-my-mother-told-me-that-i-should-not-a-qualitative-study-exploring-the-restrictions-placed-on-adolescent-girls-living-with-hiv-in-zambia
#16
Constance Rs Mackworth-Young, Virginia Bond, Alison Wringe, Katongo Konayuma, Sue Clay, Chipo Chiiya, Mutale Chonta, Kirsty Sievwright, Anne L Stangl
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent girls in sub-Saharan Africa are disproportionately affected by HIV due to a range of social and structural factors. As they transition to adulthood, they are recipients of increasing blame for HIV infection and 'improper' sex, as well as increasing scrutiny, restrictions and surveillance. This study used a qualitative and participatory approach to explore the messaging and restrictions imposed on adolescent girls living with HIV in Zambia. METHODS: Thirty-four in-depth interviews and four participatory workshops were carried out with 24 adolescent girls aged 15 to 19 years old living with HIV in Lusaka, Zambia...
December 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214621/sandfly-fever-in-afghanistan-a-sometimes-overlooked-disease-of-military-importance-a-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
John W Downs, Daniel T Flood, Nicholas H Orr, Jason A Constantineau, James W Caviness
Sandfly fever, sometimes known as pappataci fever or Phlebotomus fever, is a vector transmitted viral illness with a history of affecting naïve military formations that travel through or fight in areas in which the infection is endemic. We present a series of 4 hospitalized cases of sandfly fever (2 presumptive, 2 laboratory confirmed) that were admitted to a Role 3 hospital in Afghanistan for evaluation and treatment following medical evacuation from a forward area for marked fevers and malaise. Laboratory evaluation of these cases was significant for leukopenia and thrombocytopenia, consistent with historical descriptions of sandfly fever...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188917/-implementation-of-the-hartford-consensus-and-tactical-combat-casualty-care-recommendations-in-emergency-services-a-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Carmen Usero-Pérez, Valentín González Alonso, Luis Orbañanos Peiro, José Manuel Gómez Crespo, Sheima Hossain López
Recent terrorist attacks involving active shooters or improvised explosive devices have shown that traditionally sequenced emergency management leads to delays in attending victims and suboptimal outcomes. Tactical medicine, a new concept in prehospital care, emerged from experience attending the wounded in combat zones, where the Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) recommendations are applied. TCCC targets 3 main causes of preventable death in combat: bleeding from extremities, tension pneumothorax, and airway obstruction...
2017: Emergencias: revista de la Sociedad Española de Medicina de Emergencias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176401/2017-military-supplement-dodecafluoropentane-emulsion-ddfpe-as-a-resuscitation-fluid-for-treatment-of-hemorrhagic-shock-and-traumatic-brain-injury-a-review
#19
Kaitlin Graham, Paula F Moon-Massat, Evan C Unger
Dodecafluoropentane emulsion (DDFPe) is a novel nanotechnology for oxygen delivery with therapeutic potential for hemorrhagic shock and/or traumatic brain injury (TBI). DDFPe demonstrates efficacy at smaller doses than previously tested perfluorocarbon oxygen therapeutics. This smaller dose potentially eliminates toxicities exhibited by previous oxygen therapeutics, while anti-inflammatory properties of DDFPe may alleviate damage from ischemia reperfusion injury. This mini-review summarizes our progress in developing a battle-field ready product to prevent combat death due to hemorrhagic shock and/or TBI...
November 15, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123897/a-review-of-the-history-of-the-origin-of-triage-from-a-disaster-medicine-perspective
#20
REVIEW
Hiroyuki Nakao, Isao Ukai, Joji Kotani
We usually associate triage with the Simple Triage and Rapid Treatment method, but much of its origin is still unknown. Therefore, French studies and the origin of triage shown in domestic and foreign published works have been investigated and its significance reaffirmed. The etymology of the word "triage" means "to break into three pieces." It was suggested by a literature review that the rise of Napoleon led to military tactical changes, and that the prototype of triage arose from the experience gained in the difficult campaign in Egypt and Syria...
October 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
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