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Tactical medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123897/a-review-of-the-history-of-the-origin-of-triage-from-a-disaster-medicine-perspective
#1
REVIEW
Hiroyuki Nakao, Isao Ukai, Joji Kotani
We usually associate triage with the Simple Triage and Rapid Treatment method, but much of its origin is still unknown. Therefore, French studies and the origin of triage shown in domestic and foreign published works have been investigated and its significance reaffirmed. The etymology of the word "triage" means "to break into three pieces." It was suggested by a literature review that the rise of Napoleon led to military tactical changes, and that the prototype of triage arose from the experience gained in the difficult campaign in Egypt and Syria...
October 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097176/how-shall-we-transfuse-hippolyta
#2
Brendan C Graham, Lindsey J Graham, Carl H Rose, Jeffrey L Winters
The US Department of Defense recently made the decision to open direct ground combat roles to women. Blood product transfusion is an essential component of the US Military guidelines for tactical combat casualty care and damage control resuscitation, but blood transfusion carries with it the specific side effect of alloimmunization-a uniquely significant side effect for young women who may desire subsequent pregnancies. Presently to be considered are the changes that may need to be made to blood transfusion in the setting of battlefield medicine to optimally care for combat-injured women, as a majority of the existing data regarding the risks of transfusion in the trauma setting involve predominantly men...
October 31, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064937/a-history-of-us-army-pas
#3
Robyn L Chalupa, W Sanders Marble
The US military has a long tradition of using physician assistants (PAs). The Army began using PAs in 1971 in an effort to supplement the physicians and surgeons in the medical corps. As their numbers grew, PAs gradually replaced general medical officers assigned to battalions. Later, specialty positions developed in aviation medicine, orthopedics, and emergency medicine. The need for a PA serving as an adviser in the major commands slowly developed at all levels of leadership. In 2015, the Army removed limitations on female PAs assigned to combat units...
November 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949528/-carbon-assimilation-inspired-design-and-divergent-synthesis-of-drimane-meroterpenoid-mimics-as-novel-fungicidal-leads
#4
Shasha Zhang, Dangdang Li, Zehua Song, Chuanli Zang, Lu Zhang, Xiushi Song, Shengkun Li
With structural diversity and versatile biological properties, drimane meroterpenoids have drawn remarkable attention in drug development. The stagnant progress made in the structure optimization and SAR study of this kind of natural product for agrochemicals was mainly a result of inefficient construction. Compared with the reported challenging coupling reaction ("1 + 1" tactic), "carbon assimilation" was conceived and used for the rapid construction of drimanyl meroterpenoid mimics, in which the newly formed covalent bond was directly from the old one of the drimanyl subunit ("2 + 0" tactic), which features atom economy, step economy, and facile preparation...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886611/-mass-casualty-incident-special-features-of-threatening-situations
#5
Björn Hossfeld, Thomas Wurmb, Florent Josse, Matthias Helm
Terrorist attacks or amok runs may cause "threatening situations" for emergency medical services (EMS), fire fighters and physicians. Cooperation with the police is of paramount importance. In order to minimize the risk to rescue personnel and affected persons, emergency medical care has to follow tactical principles. So, the strategy in such "threatening situations" is "Stop the bleeding and clear the scene". The police define three areas of danger: unsafe, partly safe and secure. Medical care in these areas follows the concept of Tactical Combat Casualty Care...
September 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846621/tio%C3%A2-based-nanoheterostructures-for-promoting-gas-sensitivity-performance-designs-developments-and-prospects
#6
REVIEW
Yuan Wang, Tao Wu, Yun Zhou, Chuanmin Meng, Wenjun Zhu, Lixin Liu
Gas sensors based on titanium dioxide (TiO₂) have attracted much public attention during the past decades due to their excellent potential for applications in environmental pollution remediation, transportation industries, personal safety, biology, and medicine. Numerous efforts have therefore been devoted to improving the sensing performance of TiO₂. In those effects, the construct of nanoheterostructures is a promising tactic in gas sensing modification, which shows superior sensing performance to that of the single component-based sensors...
August 27, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845848/preclinical-studies-of-cannabinoid-reward-treatments-for-cannabis-use-disorder-and-addiction-related-effects-of-cannabinoid-exposure
#7
Leigh V Panlilio, Zuzana Justinova
Cannabis use has become increasingly accepted socially and legally, for both recreational and medicinal purposes. Without reliable information about the effects of cannabis, people cannot make informed decisions regarding its use. Like alcohol and tobacco, cannabis can have serious adverse effects on health, and some people have difficulty discontinuing their use of the drug. Many cannabis users progress to using and becoming addicted to other drugs, but the reasons for this progression are unclear. The natural cannabinoid system of the brain is complex and involved in many functions, including brain development, reward, emotion and cognition...
August 28, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840559/personalized-medicine-and-resurrected-hopes-for-the-management-of-alzheimer-s-disease-a-modular-approach-based-on-gsk-3%C3%AE-inhibitors
#8
Reem K Arafa, Nehal H Elghazawy
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is one of the most common neurological disorders with vast reaching worldwide prevalence. Research attempts to decipher what's happening to the human mind have shown that pathogenesis of AD is associated with misfolded protein intermediates displaying tertiary structure conformational changes eventually leading to forming large polymers of unwanted aggregates. The two hallmarks of AD pathological protein aggregates are extraneuronal β-amyloid (Aβ) based senile plaques and intraneuronal neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs)...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810960/talk-to-the-hand-u-s-army-biophysical-testing
#9
William R Santee, Adam W Potter, Karl E Friedl
BACKGROUND: Many people are unaware of the science underlying the biophysical properties of Soldier clothing and personal protective equipment, yet there is a well-refined biomedical methodology initiated by Army physiologists in World War II. This involves a methodical progression of systematic material testing technologies, computer modeling, and human testing that enables more efficient development and rapid evaluation of new concepts for Soldier health and performance. Sophisticated manikins that sweat and move are a central part of this testing continuum...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713084/evalution-of-the-effectiveness-of-multimodal-approach-to-the-management-of-cervical-vertigo
#10
Olexandr A Jaroshevskyi, Oleksandr S Payenok, Anna V Logvinenko
INTRODUCTION: Vertigo is one of the most common complaints among patients consulting neurologists and general practitioners - family medicine. A special form of dizziness is cervical vertigo. However, the presence of chronic vertigo and imbalance in this group of patients makes it possible to include the treatment of vestibular rehabilitation in the program. AIM: Evalution of the effectiveness of multimodal approach to the management of cervical vertigo. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 109 patients aged from 18 to 45 with vertigo together with myofascial pain syndrome of neck and shoulder area were examined...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711897/studying-risk-factors-for-skin-cancer-development
#11
Оlena О Оshyvalova
INTRODUCTION: In most countries with a population of mainly European origin, non-melanoma skin carcinoma incidence rate has increased over the last decade. Understanding of what is the best way to identify people at high risk for skin cancer development will help to optimize the strategy for prevention and treatment tactics. Aim of the research involves studying risk factors for skin cancer development in patients with cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma in situ (cSCC and SCCis correspondingly) and patients with actinic keratosis (AK)...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601211/the-symbiotic-relationship-between-operational-military-medicine-tactical-medicine-and-wilderness-medicine-a-view-through-a-personal-lens
#12
REVIEW
Craig H Llewellyn
There are direct and indirect linkages and a form of symbiosis between operational military medicine from World War II and present wilderness medicine, from the beginnings to contemporary practice, and the more recently evolved field of tactical emergency medical support. Each of these relationships will be explored from the historical perspective of the Department of Military & Emergency Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences from 1982 to the present.
June 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601206/prolonged-field-care-beyond-the-golden-hour
#13
REVIEW
Sean Keenan, Jamie C Riesberg
Prolonged field care (PFC) has emerged as a recent area of focus for US military Special Operations Forces (SOF) medical experts. Focused on the current reality of providing medical care to military forces often deployed in remote and austere locations far from medical support or a robust casualty evacuation chain, PFC encompasses evolving operational situations not unlike many wilderness medicine practice environments. SOF currently operates in all areas of the world and on a variety of different missions, which finds these small teams far from the accustomed practice environment of robust deployed medical infrastructure commonly seen during the last 15 years of military conflicts...
June 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599052/tccc-updates-two-decades-of-saving-lives-on-the-battlefield-tactical-combat-casualty-care-turns-20
#14
Frank K Butler
BACKGROUND: Twenty years ago, the original Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) article was published in this journal. Since TCCC is essentially a set of bestpractice prehospital trauma care guidelines customized for use on the battlefield, the presence of a journal with a specific focus on military medicine was a profound benefit to the initial presentation of TCCC to the US Military. METHODS: In the two ensuing decades, which included the longest continuous period of armed conflict in our nation's history, TCCC steadily evolved as the prehospital trauma care evidence base was augmented and as feedback from user medics, corpsmen, and pararescuemen was obtained...
December 0: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575280/global-position-paper-on-cardiovascular-regenerative-medicine
#15
Francisco Fernández-Avilés, Ricardo Sanz-Ruiz, Andreu M Climent, Lina Badimon, Roberto Bolli, Dominique Charron, Valentin Fuster, Stefan Janssens, Jens Kastrup, Hyo-Soo Kim, Thomas F Lüscher, John F Martin, Philippe Menasché, Robert D Simari, Gregg W Stone, Andre Terzic, James T Willerson, Joseph C Wu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486209/bioactivity-guided-mixed-synthesis-accelerate-the-serendipity-in-lead-optimization-discovery-of-fungicidal-homodrimanyl-amides
#16
Dangdang Li, Shasha Zhang, Zehua Song, Guotong Wang, Shengkun Li
The bioactivity-guided mixed synthesis was conceived, in which the designed mix-reactions were run in parallel for simultaneous construction of different kinds of analogs. The valuable ones were protruded by biological screening. This tactic will facilitate more rapid incorporation of bioactive candidates into pesticide chemists' repertoire, exemplified by the optimization of less explored homodrimanes as antifungal ingredients. The discovery of D9 as a potent fungicidal agent can be completed in <2 weeks by one student, with EC50 of 3...
August 18, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411934/tactical-combat-casualty-care-and-wilderness-medicine-advancing-trauma-care-in-austere-environments
#17
REVIEW
Frank K Butler, Brad Bennett, Colonel Ian Wedmore
Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) is a set of evidence-based, best-practice prehospital trauma care guidelines customized for use on the battlefield. Military units that have trained all of their unit members in TCCC have now documented the lowest incidence of preventable deaths in the history of modern warfare and TCCC is now the standard for battlefield trauma care in the US Military. TCCC and wilderness medicine share the goal of optimizing care for patients with trauma in austere environments that impose significant challenges in both equipment and evacuation capability...
May 2017: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339212/nickel-catalyzed-reduction-of-secondary-and-tertiary-amides
#18
Bryan J Simmons, Marie Hoffmann, Jaeyeon Hwang, Moritz K Jackl, Neil K Garg
The nickel-catalyzed reduction of secondary and tertiary amides to give amine products is reported. The transformation is tolerant of extensive variation with respect to the amide substrate, proceeds in the presence of esters and epimerizable stereocenters, and can be used to achieve the reduction of lactams. Moreover, this methodology provides a simple tactic for accessing medicinally relevant α-deuterated amines.
April 7, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290925/two-decades-of-saving-lives-on-the-battlefield-tactical-combat-casualty-care-turns-20
#19
Frank K Butler
BACKGROUND: Twenty years ago, the original Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) article was published in this journal. Since TCCC is essentially a set of best-practice prehospital trauma care guidelines customized for use on the battlefield, the presence of a journal with a specific focus on military medicine was a profound benefit to the initial presentation of TCCC to the U.S. Military. METHODS: In the two ensuing decades, which included the longest continuous period of armed conflict in our nation's history, TCCC steadily evolved as the prehospital trauma care evidence base was augmented and as feedback from user medics, corpsmen, and pararescuemen was obtained...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290868/-is-it-possible-to-improve-results-in-the-conservative-treatment-strategy-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#20
M G Gleser, E I Astashkin, A E Kiseleva
Almost 60% of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) without ST segment elevation are not subjected to revascularization procedures. This review analyzes the reasons for the choice of the conservative tactics of patients with ACS. The possibilities of improving outcomes by using modern medicines. Particular attention is given to drugs that affect energy metabolism in cardiomyocytes ischemia and reperfusion, provides data on the effect of L-carnitine on the high-risk markers, and decrease the incidence of adverse outcomes in patients with ACS...
September 2016: Kardiologiia
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