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Daria Bałczewska, Krzysztof Kaczmarek, Paweł Ptaszyński, Jerzy Krzysztof Wranicz, Iwona Cygankiewicz
Syncope is a symptom of the disease with diverse etiology and can be evidence of both benign and very serious life-threatening conditions. Vasovagal syncope(VVS), with prevalence about 35% of the general population, is most frequent causes of transient loss of consciousness (T-LOC). Most cases of vasovagal syncope requires conservative treatment. Although cardioinhibitory type of VVS characterized by a significant bradycardia or pause of the heart rate and can be treated with continuous electrotherapy. This article discuss cardiac pacing and technical solutions for the treatment of VVS...
October 19, 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
J Stone
The history of functional neurologic disorders in the 20th century from the point of view of the neurologist is U-shaped. A flurry of interest between the 1880s and early 1920s gave way to lack of interest, skepticism, and concern about misdiagnosis. This was mirrored by increasing professional and geographic divisions between neurology and psychiatry after the First World War. In the 1990s the advent of imaging and other technology highlighted the positive nature of a functional diagnosis. Having been closer in the early 20th century but later more separate, these disorders are now once again the subject of academic and clinical interest, although arguably still very much on the fringes of neurology and neuropsychiatry...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Katarzyna Foryś, Mariusz Foryś, Katarzyna Piotrowicz
The obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a mortality risk factor of the cardiovascular system diseases. One of the elements of this relationship is the occurrence of nocturnal cardiac arrhythmias. The arrhytmias in question are resistant to drug therapy so it is suggested to consider electrotherapy. However, the coexistence of OSA and thus recurrent episodes of nocturnal hypoxia, may have significant impact on the diagnosis and the treatment applied as shown in the following cases. In some cases, the decision of electrotherapy should be preceded by the use of therapy with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Stasinopoulos Dimitrios
Lateral elbow tendinopathy (LET) is a common musculoskeletal/sports injury. A plethora of physiotherapy techniques has been proposed in the management of LET. The exercise programme is the most common treatment in the management of LET. The optimal protocol of exercise programme is still unknown. The effectiveness of the exercise programme is low when it is applied as monotherapy. Therefore, exercise programme is combined with other physiotherapy modalities such as soft tissue techniques, external support, acupuncture, manual therapy and electrotherapy, in the treatment of LET...
August 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
Levent Özgönenel, Sultan Çağırıcı, Murat Çabalar, Gülis Durmuşoğlu
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) predisposes to falls due to postural instability and decreased coordination. Postural and coordination exercises could ameliorate the incoordination and decrease falls. AIMS: In this study, we explored the efficiency of a game console as an adjunct to an exercise program in treating incoordination in patients with PD. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. METHODS: In this single-blind, prospective clinical trial, rehabilitation with the Xbox (Microsoft; Washington, USA) game console was used as an adjunct to a standard rehabilitation program...
July 2016: Balkan Medical Journal
Mohammed Ashrafi, Teresa Alonso-Rasgado, Mohamed Baguneid, Ardeshir Bayat
Current gold standard lower extremity cutaneous wound management is not always effective. Cutaneous wounds generate a "current of injury" which is directly involved in wound healing processes. Application of exogenous electrical stimulation has been hypothesised to imitate the natural electric current that occurs in cutaneous wounds. The aim of this extensive review is to provide a detailed update on the variety of electrical stimulation modalities used in the management of lower extremity wounds. Several different waveforms and delivery methods of electrical stimulation have been used...
August 30, 2016: Experimental Dermatology
Piotr Jankowski, Mariusz Gąsior, Marek Gierlotka, Urszula Cegłowska, Marta Słomka, Zbigniew Eysymontt, Michał Gałaszek, Piotr Buszman, Zbigniew Kalarus, Jarosław Kaźmierczak, Jacek Legutko, Gabriela Sujkowska, Wojciech Matusewicz, Grzegorz Opolski, Piotr Hoffman
The in-hospital mortality following myocardial infarction has decreased substantially over the last two decades in Poland. However, according to the available evidence approximately every 10th patient discharged after myocardial infarction (MI) dies during next 12 months. We identified the most important barriers (e.g. insufficient risk factors control, insufficient and delayed cardiac rehabilitation, suboptimal pharmacotherapy, delayed complete myocardial revascularisation) and proposed a new nation-wide system of coordinated care after MI...
2016: Kardiologia Polska
Snigdha Dagar, Shubhajit Roy Chowdhury, Raju Surampudi Bapi, Anirban Dutta, Dipanjan Roy
Stroke is the leading cause of severe chronic disability and the second cause of death worldwide with 15 million new cases and 50 million stroke survivors. The poststroke chronic disability may be ameliorated with early neuro rehabilitation where non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) techniques can be used as an adjuvant treatment to hasten the effects. However, the heterogeneity in the lesioned brain will require individualized NIBS intervention where innovative neuroimaging technologies of portable electroencephalography (EEG) and functional-near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) can be leveraged for Brain State Dependent Electrotherapy (BSDE)...
2016: Frontiers in Neurology
S Jiménez Del Barrio, E Bueno Gracia, C Hidalgo García, E Estébanez de Miguel, J M Tricás Moreno, S Rodríguez Marco, L Ceballos Laita
BACKGROUND: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common peripheral neuropathy. It is characterised by the compression of the median nerve in the carpal tunnel. CTS presents a high prevalence and it is a disabling condition from the earliest stages. Severe cases are usually treated surgically, while conservative treatment is recommended in mild to moderate cases. The aim of this systematic review is to present the conservative treatments and determine their effectiveness in mild-to-moderate cases of CTS over the last 15 years...
July 22, 2016: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
Josef Finsterer, Sinda Zarrouk-Mahjoub
INTRODUCTION: Weakness is one of the predominant clinical manifestations of neuromuscular disorders (NMDs), which strongly influences daily life, prognosis, and outcome of affected patients. One of the major therapeutic goals in NMD-patients is to completely resolve muscle weakness. Various treatment options are available and include physical therapy, electrotherapy, diet, drugs, avoidance or withdrawal of muscle-toxic and weakness-inducing agents, detoxification, stem-cell-therapy, plasma-exchange, respiratory therapy, or surgery...
July 13, 2016: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
(no author information available yet)
The clinical management of soft tissue injuries of the lower limb commonly includes physical agents such as electrotherapy or ultrasound. However, the evidence about the effectiveness of physical agents varies, and their use remains controversial. A systematic review of randomized clinical trials (RCTs), published in the July 2016 issue of JOSPT, examined the benefits and safety risks of various physical agents for soft tissue injuries of the lower limb. Importantly, the review looked closely at the quality of the RCTs and focused on studies with low risk of bias...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
B Lutters, P J Koehler
Neuromodulation is being applied increasingly for the treatment of drug resistant headache. Although these techniques are often considered high-tech, electrotherapy for headache has a long history; electric fish have been used for headache treatment since the first century CE. During the eighteenth and nineteenth century, static electricity was a treatment for a wide variety of neuropsychiatric disorders including headache. The efficacy of electrotherapy, however, has been disputed continuously, since opponents were of the opinion that the positive results could be attributed to suggestion...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Anna Świerczyńska, Renata Kłusek, Marek Kaciński
The authors reviewed neurophysiological methods, which are used in the evaluation of children referred for neurorehabilitation. Rehabilitation techniques which may stimulate or provoke pathological changes in EEG must be ruled out. Electrophysiological and clinical improvement allow for the extension and intensification of rehabilitation. Normal EEG pattern ensures the safe use of techniques consisting of neuromuscular re-education or passive verticalisation, electrotherapy and thermotherapy. Quantitative and qualitative assessment of cognitive impairment is based on neuropsychological tests and endogenous evoked potentials (most often P300)...
2016: Przegla̧d Lekarski
Elizabeth Ann Danto
Just before and after the end of World War I, Sigmund Freud took on an activist role and in his writings and speeches, redirected the concept of war trauma from individual failure to a larger issue of community responsibility. Testifying in Vienna as an expert witness for the state, Freud said that the military psychiatrists-not the soldiers-had "acted like machine guns behind the front" and were the "immediate cause of all war neurosis." Freud was called on by the legal community when Julius Wagner-Jauregg, a future Nobel Prize winner (and also future Nazi Party adherent), head of the municipal Clinic for Psychiatry and Nervous Diseases, was accused of the lethal use of electrotherapy on shell-shocked soldiers...
June 17, 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Barbara Małecka, Andrzej Ząbek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2016: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
Matthew J Page, Sally Green, Marshall A Mrocki, Stephen J Surace, Jessica Deitch, Brodwen McBain, Nicolette Lyttle, Rachelle Buchbinder
BACKGROUND: Management of rotator cuff disease may include use of electrotherapy modalities (also known as electrophysical agents), which aim to reduce pain and improve function via an increase in energy (electrical, sound, light, or thermal) into the body. Examples include therapeutic ultrasound, low-level laser therapy (LLLT), transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), and pulsed electromagnetic field therapy (PEMF). These modalities are usually delivered as components of a physical therapy intervention...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Hyeon Seo, Donghyeon Kim, Sung Chan Jun
Electrical brain stimulation (EBS) is an emerging therapy for the treatment of neurological disorders, and computational modeling studies of EBS have been used to determine the optimal parameters for highly cost-effective electrotherapy. Recent notable growth in computing capability has enabled researchers to consider an anatomically realistic head model that represents the full head and complex geometry of the brain rather than the previous simplified partial head model (extruded slab) that represents only the precentral gyrus...
2016: Scientific Reports
Saira Waqqar, Syed Shakil-Ur-Rehman, Shakeel Ahmad
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Chronic mechanical low back pain is common among different age groups and genders. Different manual therapy techniques combined with exercise therapy and electrotherapy modalities play an important role in its management. Our objective was to compare the effects of McKenzie extension exercisesprogram (EEP) versus Mulligan Sustained Natural Apophyseal Glides (SNAGs) for chronic mechanical low back pain (CMLBP). METHODS: This randomized control trial (RCT) was conducted at Riphah Physical Rehabilitation Centre, Pakistan Railways General Hospital Rawalpindi, from 1(st) July to 31(st) December 2014...
March 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Deepesh Kumar, Abhijit Das, Uttama Lahiri, Anirban Dutta
A stroke is caused when an artery carrying blood from heart to an area in the brain bursts or a clot obstructs the blood flow to brain thereby preventing delivery of oxygen and nutrients. About half of the stroke survivors are left with some degree of disability. Innovative methodologies for restorative neurorehabilitation are urgently required to reduce long-term disability. The ability of the nervous system to reorganize its structure, function and connections as a response to intrinsic or extrinsic stimuli is called neuroplasticity...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Roya Taleban, Ahmadreza Zamani, Mohammad Moafi, Nasrin Jiryaee, Reza Khadivi
BACKGROUND: Intensity of depressive symptoms could be exacerbated due to the paucity of appropriate treatments. We assessed the effectiveness of bibliotherapy and text messaging, which aimed at amelioration of patient's behavior and consciousness, which could lead to suicide prevention. METHODS: This was a randomized clinical trial implemented in rural health centers of Isfahan district (Iran). Health centers were assigned in three trials consisting of the booklet, text messaging, and control groups...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
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