keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

colorectum

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764504/long-term-outcomes-of-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-high-grade-dysplasia-and-early-stage-carcinoma-in-the-colorectum
#1
Tao Chen, Wen-Zheng Qin, Li-Qing Yao, Yun-Shi Zhong, Yi-Qun Zhang, Wei-Feng Chen, Jian-Wei Hu, Marie Ooi, Ling-Li Chen, Ying-Yong Hou, Mei-Dong Xu, Ping-Hong Zhou
BACKGROUND: Colorectal carcinomas (CRCs) arise from premalignant precursors in an adenoma-carcinoma sequence, in which adenoma with high-grade dysplasia (HGD) and early-stage carcinoma are defined as advanced neoplasia. A limited number of studies have evaluated the long-term outcomes of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for advanced colorectal neoplasia. This study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of ESD for advanced colorectal neoplasia as well as the long-term outcomes, including local recurrence and metastasis...
March 21, 2018: Cancer communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734448/endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-esd-for-anal-high-grade-intraepithelial-neoplasia-a-case-report
#2
Andrej Wagner, Daniel Neureiter, Josef Holzinger, Tobias Kiesslich, Eckhard Klieser, Frieder Berr
Anal intraepithelial neoplasia (AIN) is a precursor of anal carcinoma. Conventional therapy is based on topical and local ablative approaches. However, the recurrence rates are very high, leading to repetitive treatment sessions and need for long-term surveillance. Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is an established treatment for malignant early neoplasias of the gastrointestinal tract, especially in the esophagus, stomach, and colorectum. Japanese centers have reported few cases of ESD for early anal carcinoma...
May 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729257/association-between-bacteremia-from-specific-microbes-and-subsequent-diagnosis-of-colorectal-cancer
#3
Thomas N Y Kwong, Xiansong Wang, Geicho Nakatsu, Tai Cheong Chow, Timothy Tipoe, Rudin Z W Dai, Kelvin K K Tsoi, Martin C S Wong, Gary Tse, Matthew T V Chan, Francis K L Chan, Siew C Ng, Justin C Y Wu, William K K Wu, Jun Yu, Joseph J Y Sung, Sunny H Wong
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Colorectal cancer (CRC) development has been associated with increased proportions of Bacteroides fragilis and certain Streptococcus, Fusobacterium, and Peptostreptococcus species in the intestinal microbiota. We investigated associations between bacteremia from specific intestinal microbes and occurrence of CRC. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study, collecting data from13,096 adult patients (exposed group) in Hong Kong hospitalized with bacteremia (identified by blood culture test), without a previous diagnosis of cancer, from January 1, 2006 through December 31, 2015...
May 2, 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729192/immunohistochemical-and-genetic-characteristics-of-a-colorectal-mucin-rich-variant-of-traditional-serrated-adenoma
#4
Takafumi Hiromoto, Takashi Murakami, Yoichi Akazawa, Noriko Sasahara, Tsuyoshi Saito, Naoto Sakamoto, Hiroyuki Mitomi, Akihito Nagahara, Takashi Yao
AIMS: Recently, several morphological variants of traditional serrated adenoma (TSA) of the colorectum have been recognized, and mucin-rich TSA (MR-TSA) and serrated tubulovillous adenoma (S-TVA) were introduced as distinct morphological variants separate from conventional TSA (C-TSA). This study aimed to elucidate the immunohistochemical and genetic characteristics of MR-TSAs. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed immunostaining for cytokeratins (e.g. CK7 and CK20), mucins (e...
May 5, 2018: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689574/preventive-effect-of-mesenchymal-stem-cell-culture-supernatant-on-luminal-stricture-after-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-in-the-rectum-of-pigs
#5
Momoko Tsuda, Shunsuke Ohnishi, Takeshi Mizushima, Hidetaka Hosono, Kenichi Yamahara, Marin Ishikawa, Satoshi Abiko, Takehiko Katsurada, Yuichi Shimizu, Naoya Sakamoto
BACKGROUND:  Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are valuable in regenerative medicine, and MSC culture supernatant (MSC-CS) reportedly inhibits inflammation and fibrosis. We investigated whether colorectal luminal stricture develops after circumferential endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) in the colorectum, and whether the development of luminal stricture could be prevented by using MSC-CS enema. METHODS:  In the first experiment, we performed circumferential ESD in the rectums or distal colons of pigs (n = 4 in each group)...
April 24, 2018: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582237/locations-and-mucosal-lesions-responsible-for-major-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-patients-on-warfarin-or-dabigatran
#6
Jennifer M Kolb, Kathryn Friedman Flack, Prapti Chatterjee-Murphy, Jay Desai, Lars C Wallentin, Michael Ezekowitz, Stuart Connolly, Paul Reilly, Martina Brueckmann, John Ilgenfritz, James Aisenberg
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Different oral anticoagulants may be associated with gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) from different locations or mucosal lesions. We aimed to test this hypothesis. METHODS: Two blinded gastroenterologists independently analyzed source documents from the randomized evaluation of long-term anticoagulant therapy (RE-LY) trial of dabigatran 150 mg BID (D150), dabigatran 110 mg BID (D110) versus warfarin in non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF)...
March 27, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574125/higher-incidence-of-metachronous-advanced-neoplasia-in-patients-with-synchronous-advanced-neoplasia-and-left-sided-colorectal-resection-for-colorectal-cancer
#7
Yohei Yabuuchi, Kenichiro Imai, Kinichi Hotta, Sayo Ito, Yoshihiro Kishida, Tomohiro Yamaguchi, Akio Shiomi, Yusuke Kinugasa, Masao Yoshida, Masaki Tanaka, Noboru Kawata, Naomi Kakushima, Kohei Takizawa, Hirotoshi Ishiwatari, Hiroyuki Matsubayashi, Hiroyuki Ono
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is an increased risk of developing metachronous colorectal cancer (CRC) in the remnant colorectum after surgical resection of CRC. We evaluated the incidence of metachronous advanced neoplasia (AN) after surgery for CRC according to resection type and synchronous AN. METHODS: This cohort study included patients who underwent surgical resection for initial CRC at a tertiary cancer center in Japan between September 2002 and December 2012...
March 21, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573203/cruciferous-vegetables-and-risk-of-cancers-of-the-gastrointestinal-tract
#8
REVIEW
Ian Terence Johnson
Cancers of the oropharyngeal tissues, oesophagus, stomach and colorectum are amongst the most common causes of death from cancer throughout the world. Higher consumption of fruits and vegetables is thought to be protective, and cruciferous vegetables are of particular interest because of their unique role as a source of biologically active glucosinolate breakdown products. A literature review of primary studies and meta-analyses indicates that higher consumption of cruciferous vegetables probably reduces the risk of colorectal and gastric cancers by approximately 8% and 19% respectively...
March 23, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562308/european-cancer-mortality-predictions-for-the-year-2018-with-focus-on-colorectal-cancer
#9
M Malvezzi, G Carioli, P Bertuccio, P Boffetta, F Levi, C La Vecchia, E Negri
Background: We projected cancer mortality statistics for 2018 for the European Union (EU) and its six more populous countries, using the most recent available data. We focused on colorectal cancer. Materials and methods: We obtained cancer death certification data from stomach, colorectum, pancreas, lung, breast, uterus, ovary, prostate, bladder, leukaemia, and total cancers from the World Health Organisation database and projected population data from Eurostat...
April 1, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545715/cancer-incidence-in-beijing-2014
#10
Shuo Liu, Lei Yang, Yannan Yuan, Huichao Li, Jing Tian, Sijia Lu, Ning Wang, Jiafu Ji
Objective: To analyze cancer incidence data in Beijing in 2014 and temporal trends for selected common cancers during 2005 and 2014. Methods: A total of 144 secondary and tertiary hospitals reported newly diagnosed cancer cases to Beijing Cancer Registry, which covers 13 million residents in Beijing. The cancer incidence rate was calculated in strata by cancer type, sex, age group and area. The population composition of China in 1982 and Segi's population structure were used to calculate age-standardized rates...
February 2018: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535803/circulating-cell-free-nucleosomes-as-biomarkers-for-early-detection-of-colorectal-cancer
#11
Louise Rasmussen, Ib Jarle Christensen, Marielle Herzog, Jake Micallef, Hans Jørgen Nielsen
The aim was to evaluate serum levels of circulating cell-free nucleosomes (ccfn) containing a variety of epigenetic signals including 5-methylcytosine DNA, histone modifications H3K9Me3, H3K9Ac, H3S10PO4, H3K36Me3, H4K20Me3, H4PanAc and pH2AX, nucleosome variant H2AZ and nucleosome adducts with HMGB1 and EZH2 as well as ccfn per se, in addition to develop and evaluate predictor models based on the above mentioned ccfn and including serum levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), in early detection of colorectal cancer (CRC)...
February 13, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531838/chemotherapy-in-cancer-patients-undergoing-haemodialysis-a-nationwide-study-in-japan
#12
Taro Funakoshi, Takahiro Horimatsu, Michio Nakamura, Koichi Shiroshita, Koichi Suyama, Masashi Mukoyama, Takuro Mizukami, Tsutomu Sakurada, Eishi Baba, Kazuhiko Tsuruya, Akira Nozaki, Kensei Yahata, Yukinori Ozaki, Yoshifumi Ubara, Hisateru Yasui, Akihiro Yoshimoto, Shingo Fukuma, Naoya Kondo, Takeshi Matsubara, Kazuo Matsubara, Shunichi Fukuhara, Motoko Yanagita, Manabu Muto
Background: Cancer is a major cause of death in patients undergoing haemodialysis. However, information about the actual clinical practice of chemotherapy for patients with cancer undergoing haemodialysis is lacking. We conducted a nationwide survey using questionnaires on the clinical practice of chemotherapy for such patients. Patients and methods: The nationwide survey included patients undergoing haemodialysis who were subsequently diagnosed with cancer in 20 hospitals in Japan from January 2010 to December 2012...
2018: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505533/familial-mediterranean-fever-mimicking-crohn-disease-a-case-report
#13
Kensuke Asakura, Shunichi Yanai, Shotaro Nakamura, Keisuke Kawaski, Makoto Eizuka, Kazuyuki Ishida, Masaki Endo, Tamotsu Sugai, Kiyoshi Migita, Takayuki Matsumoto
RATIONALE: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is the most common form of autoinflammatory disease. We report a rare case of FMF with gastrointestinal lesions mimicking Crohn disease. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 21-year-old Japanese man was referred to our institution, complaining of refractory diarrhea and weight loss of 14 kg during the past two years. He had presented with recurrent fever, abdominal pain, anal fistula and stomatitis. His father and one of his brothers had ulcerative colitis...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483924/-portulaca-extract-attenuates-development-of-dextran-sulfate-sodium-induced-colitis-in-mice-through-activation-of-ppar-%C3%AE
#14
Rui Kong, Hui Luo, Nan Wang, Jingjing Li, Shizan Xu, Kan Chen, Jiao Feng, Liwei Wu, Sainan Li, Tong Liu, Xiya Lu, Yujing Xia, Yanhong Shi, Yingqun Zhou, Weigang He, Qi Dai, Yuejuan Zheng, Jie Lu
Portulaca oleracea L. is a traditional Chinese medicine, which has been used as adjuvant therapy for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, the mechanism of its activity in IBD still remains unclear. Since previous studies have documented the anti-inflammatory effect of peroxisome proliferator activated receptors- γ (PPAR- γ ), Portulaca regulation of PPAR- γ in inflammation was examined in current study. Ulcerative colitis (UC) was generated by 5% dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) in mice and four groups were established as normal control, DSS alone, DSS plus mesalamine, and DSS plus Portulaca ...
2018: PPAR Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458272/difference-between-right-sided-and-left-sided-colorectal-cancers-from-embryology-to-molecular-subtype
#15
Seung Yoon Yang, Min Soo Cho, Nam Kyu Kim
Colorectal cancer is one of the most common malignancies in the world, and it exhibits differences in incidence, pathogenesis, molecular pathways, and outcome depending on the location of the tumor. Differences in the microbiome, clinical characteristics, and chromosomal and molecular characteristics have been reported between the right and left side of the colon. Areas covered: This review focuses on the latest developments in epidemiological and chromosomal and molecular studies, which have enhanced our understanding on the underlying genetic and immunological differences between the right-sided colon and the left-sided colorectum in metastatic colorectal cancer...
April 2018: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438165/histologic-features-of-gastrointestinal-tract-biopsies-in-iga-vasculitis-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura
#16
Christine Y Louie, Adam J Gomez, Richard K Sibley, Dorsey Bass, Teri A Longacre
Immunoglobulin A (IgA) vasculitis or Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) typically occurs in the pediatric population, although rare cases also occur in adults. Gastrointestinal (GI) involvement is common. The "classic" histologic finding in IgA vasculitis (HSP) is leukocytoclastic vasculitis (LCV); other histologic features in biopsies of IgA vasculitis (HSP) have only been rarely described. The pathology archival files at our institution were searched for GI biopsies from patients with IgA vasculitis (HSP)...
April 2018: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423501/association-of-sulindac-and-erlotinib-vs-placebo-with-colorectal-neoplasia-in-familial-adenomatous-polyposis-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
N Jewel Samadder, Scott K Kuwada, Kenneth M Boucher, Kathryn Byrne, Priyanka Kanth, Wade Samowitz, David Jones, Sean V Tavtigian, Michelle Westover, Therese Berry, Kory Jasperson, Lisa Pappas, Laurel Smith, Danielle Sample, Randall W Burt, Deborah W Neklason
Importance: Patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) are at markedly increased risk for colorectal polyps and cancer. A combination of sulindac and erlotinib led to a 71% reduction in duodenal polyp burden in a phase 2 trial. Objective: To evaluate effect of sulindac and erlotinib on colorectal adenoma regression in patients with FAP. Design, Setting, and Participants: Prespecified secondary analysis for colorectal adenoma regression was carried out using data from a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial, enrolling 92 patients with FAP, conducted from July 2010 to June 2014 in Salt Lake City, Utah...
February 8, 2018: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399338/expression-of-doublecortin-and-cam-kinase-like-1-protein-in-serrated-neoplasia-of-the-colorectum
#18
Keiko Morio, Kazuo Yashima, Akihiro Tamoto, Kohei Hosoda, Sohei Yamamoto, Taku Iwamoto, Naoki Ueda, Yuichiro Ikebuchi, Koichiro Kawaguchi, Kenichi Harada, Yoshikazu Murawaki, Hajime Isomoto
The adenoma-carcinoma sequence (ACS) and the serrated pathway are two distinct developmental routes leading to the formation of colorectal carcinoma. Recently, the doublecortin and CaM kinase-like-1 protein (DCLK1) has been reported to serve as an intestinal cancer stem cell marker and has been demonstrated to be overexpressed through the ACS; however, there is a lack of reports on the role of DCLK1 in the serrated pathway. To clarify the correlation between DCLK1 protein expression and clinicopathological characteristics of the serrated tumorigenic pathway, the present study used immunohistochemistry to examine the expression of DCLK1 in endoscopically resected samples of 62 serrated polyps [20 hyperplastic polyps (HPs), 16 traditional serrated adenomas (TSAs) and 26 sessile serrated adenoma-polyps (SSA/Ps)], as well as 20 non-serrated adenomas, 20 carcinoma in adenomas (CIAs) and 18 early pure colorectal carcinomas without any adenoma component (EPCs)...
January 2018: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387331/acute-severe-ulcerative-colitis-latest-evidence-and-therapeutic-implications
#19
REVIEW
Parambir S Dulai, Vipul Jairath
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease of the colorectum which results from a complex interplay between environmental, genetic and microbial factors. One-fifth of patients with UC will experience an acute flare requiring hospitalization. This is a medical emergency and requires prompt recognition and multidisciplinary management. In patients who fail first-line therapy after approximately 3-5 days of intravenous steroids, medical rescue therapy is indicated with either infliximab (IFX) or cyclosporine (CsA)...
February 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368261/apc-mosaicism-in-a-young-woman-with-desmoid-type-fibromatosis-and-familial-adenomatous-polyposis
#20
Astrid Tenden Stormorken, Thomas Berg, Ole-Jacob Norum, Toto Hølmebakk, Kristin Aaberg, Sonja E Steigen, Eli Marie Grindedal
Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is usually caused by germline mutations in the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene. The classic form is characterized by hundreds to thousands of adenomas in the colorectum and early onset colorectal cancer (CRC) if left untreated. FAP is also associated with multiple extra-colonic manifestations such as gastroduodenal polyps, osteomas, epidermoid cysts, fibromas and desmoids. Most desmoid tumours in FAP patients occur intra-abdominally. Approximately 15-20% of the APC mutations are de novo mutations...
January 24, 2018: Familial Cancer
keyword
keyword
14183
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"