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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215044/developing-caring-conversations-in-care-homes-an-appreciative-inquiry
#1
Belinda Dewar, Tamsin MacBride
Relationship-centred practice is key to delivering quality care in care homes. Evidence is strong about the centrality of human interaction in developing relationships that promote dignity and compassion. The Caring Conversations framework is a framework for delivering compassionate care based on human interactions that was developed in the acute healthcare setting. The key attributes are: be courageous, connect emotionally, be curious, consider other perspectives, collaborate, compromise and celebrate. This paper reports on a study to explore its relevance to the care home setting and the development of an educational intervention, based on the framework, to enhance development of human interaction...
February 19, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209077/using-gp-trainees-as-role-players-as-a-teaching-training-tool-for-established-gp-trainers
#2
Kim Emerson, Penny Moore, Jill Edwards
This work aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of using GP trainees in place of professional actors, to role-play trainees with 'difficulties' or various challenging characteristics, as an educational tool for skills development of experienced GP trainers. The context was a residential experienced GP trainers' course and the role players were local ST3 GP trainees. Professional actors have been used for this purpose for many years in medical education at all levels, particularly in teaching communication and consultation skills in the Thames Valley area of the UK...
February 16, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188957/factors-associated-with-perceived-unmet-dental-care-needs-of-older-adults
#3
Songi Chae, Yunhwan Lee, Jinhee Kim, Ki Hong Chun, Jeong Keun Lee
AIM: Although older adults have high dental care needs as a result of prevalent oral health problems, they have high unmet needs. The purpose of the present study was to examine factors associated with unmet dental care needs among older adults living in the community. METHODS: This study analyzed 1419 adults aged 65 years and older who participated in both the health interview survey and oral examination of the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey carried out in 2010...
February 11, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183739/association-of-sociodemographic-and-household-characteristics-with-non-fatal-burns-among-children-under-the-age-of-10%C3%A2-years-in-sudan-an-exploratory-secondary-analysis-of-the-sudan-household-health-survey-2010
#4
Safa Abdalla, Muna Abdel Aziz, Igbal Basheir
BACKGROUND: Globally, children have the highest mortality rates from fire-related burns. Sudan is no exception, but there had been no prior investigations of potentially preventable risk factors. We undertook this analysis to investigate the role of various sociodemographic and household factors. METHODS: We used Sudan Household Health Survey 2010 data from a national stratified multistage cluster sample of 15 000 households. The dependent variable was whether the child had a non-fatal burn in the 12 months preceding the survey, based on the most recent injury...
February 9, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181848/an-examination-of-students-perceptions-of-their-interprofessional-placements-in-residential-aged-care
#5
Karla Seaman, Rosemary Saunders, Elly Williams, Jane Harrup-Gregory, Helen Loffler, Fiona Lake
It is essential that health professionals are trained to provide optimal care for our ageing population. Key to this is a positive attitude to older adults along with the ability to work in teams and provide interprofessional care. There is limited evidence on the impact an interprofessional education (IPE) placement in a residential aged care facility (RACF) has on students. In 2015 in Western Australia, 51 students (30% male, median age 23 years), from seven professions, undertook a placement between 2 and 13 weeks in length at 1 RACF...
March 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165578/a-randomized-study-of-training-with-large-versus-small-vessel-size-on-successful-ultrasound-guided-peripheral-venous-access
#6
Joshua Davis, Timothy Faust, Azeem Tajani, Amanda Bates, Jenna Jarriel, Arthur Au, Jason Matthew Fields
PURPOSE: Our objective was to investigate whether training on phantoms with smaller or larger vessels would improve success rate in novice medical students learning this skill. METHODS: Medical students who participated in a voluntary, extracurricular ultrasound training day were asked to participate in the study as part of their procedural training. They were given a standardized education and demonstration of how to use ultrasound to place a peripheral intravenous (IV) catheter...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153645/-epidemiological-clinical-and-forensic-physical-violence-against-women-in-tambacounda-senegal
#7
M M M Leye, P Ndiaye, D Ndiaye, I Seck, A Faye, A Tal Dia
INTRODUCTION: To contribute to the fight against physical violence against women, this work aimed to make a 10-year review of cases treated at the Regional Court of Tambacounda. METHODOLOGY: This observational, retrospective, descriptive and analytical study was conducted from 15 October 2014 to 15 April 2015. It covered all the court records of victims of intentional injury from 2006 to 2015. The data was entered and analyzed using Epi info 3.3.2 software. RESULTS: In all, 113 cases were treated...
January 30, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152900/hardwiring-advance-directives-into-an-electronic-medical-record
#8
Tyler Buckley, Andrew Badke, Amy Horyna, Julie Howell, Lisa Gren, Anna Catherine Beck
: 146 Background: Patient preference at the end of life has been extensively researched and documented. Advance Directives (AD) have been shown to make a difference for patients in the areas of quality, cost, and patient satisfaction. Organizations struggle with meeting federal laws and accreditation expectations due to our complex systems. Literature supports "hardwiring" AD documentation into the EMR and providing "one click" accessibility to AD's. Changing EMR vendors provides a unique opportunity to optimize access to AD's, both through patient education /endorsement, review of providers' role, and engagement of IT...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145848/clinical-practice-guideline-improving-nasal-form-and-function-after-rhinoplasty-executive-summary
#9
Lisa E Ishii, Travis T Tollefson, Gregory J Basura, Richard M Rosenfeld, Peter J Abramson, Scott R Chaiet, Kara S Davis, Karl Doghramji, Edward H Farrior, Sandra A Finestone, Stacey L Ishman, Robert X Murphy, John G Park, Michael Setzen, Deborah J Strike, Sandra A Walsh, Jeremy P Warner, Lorraine C Nnacheta
Objective Rhinoplasty, a surgical procedure that alters the shape or appearance of the nose while preserving or enhancing the nasal airway, ranks among the most commonly performed cosmetic procedures in the United States, with >200,000 procedures reported in 2014. While it is difficult to calculate the exact economic burden incurred by rhinoplasty patients following surgery with or without complications, the average rhinoplasty procedure typically exceeds $4000. The costs incurred due to complications, infections, or revision surgery may include the cost of long-term antibiotics, hospitalization, or lost revenue from hours/days of missed work...
February 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145823/clinical-practice-guideline-improving-nasal-form-and-function-after-rhinoplasty
#10
Lisa E Ishii, Travis T Tollefson, Gregory J Basura, Richard M Rosenfeld, Peter J Abramson, Scott R Chaiet, Kara S Davis, Karl Doghramji, Edward H Farrior, Sandra A Finestone, Stacey L Ishman, Robert X Murphy, John G Park, Michael Setzen, Deborah J Strike, Sandra A Walsh, Jeremy P Warner, Lorraine C Nnacheta
Objective Rhinoplasty, a surgical procedure that alters the shape or appearance of the nose while preserving or enhancing the nasal airway, ranks among the most commonly performed cosmetic procedures in the United States, with >200,000 procedures reported in 2014. While it is difficult to calculate the exact economic burden incurred by rhinoplasty patients following surgery with or without complications, the average rhinoplasty procedure typically exceeds $4000. The costs incurred due to complications, infections, or revision surgery may include the cost of long-term antibiotics, hospitalization, or lost revenue from hours/days of missed work...
February 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144597/the-fundamental-reasons-why-laptop-computers-should-not-be-used-on-your-lap
#11
S A R Mortazavi, S Taeb, S M J Mortazavi, S Zarei, M Haghani, P Habibzadeh, M B Shojaei-Fard
As a tendency to use new technologies, gadgets such as laptop computers are becoming more popular among students, teachers, businessmen and office workers. Today laptops are a great tool for education and learning, work and personal multimedia. Millions of men, especially those in the reproductive age, are frequently using their laptop computers on the lap (thigh). Over the past several years, our lab has focused on the health effects of exposure to different sources of electromagnetic fields such as cellular phones, mobile base stations, mobile phone jammers, laptop computers, radars, dentistry cavitrons and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)...
December 2016: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144192/predictability-of-social-anamnestic-variables-on-receptive-vocabulary-and-cognitive-functioning-of-the-elderly-population
#12
Amela Ibrahimagic, Lejla Junuzovic Zunic, Mirsada Rasidovic, Bojan Radic, Ahmet Kantic
INTRODUCTION: Aging, as an irrepressible biological process involves a series of physiological and pathological changes. The main aim of this study was to examine the correlation and predictability of receptive vocabulary and cognitive functioning of elderly people with anamnestic variables: chronological age, sex, level of formal education, marital status, years of work and retirement and years spent in an institution for the elderly. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample of participants consisted of 120 elderly people, average age was 78 years, placed in institutional care for elderly people in four cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141673/implementation-of-a-legionella-ordinance-for-multifamily-housing-garland-texas
#13
Ellen A Whitney, Sarah Blake, Ruth L Berkelman
CONTEXT: The incidence of legionellosis has sharply increased in the United States as a result of contaminated water systems. Jurisdictions across the country are considering whether to develop and implement regulations to protect individuals against Legionnaires' disease with its associated high morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: This article sheds light on the implementation and effectiveness of a 2005 citywide Legionella testing mandate of multifamily housing cooling towers in Garland, Texas...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132853/research-opportunities-and-challenges-in-the-era-of-healthy-living-medicine-unlocking-the-potential
#14
REVIEW
Shane A Phillips, Sharon Martino, Ross Arena
Non-communicable diseases, such as cardiovascular disease (CVD), obesity, cancer, pulmonary disease, and diabetes are a very high global health concern. The health costs of risk factors for CVD, such as hypertension (HTN), is mounting and are unrelenting. As an example, it is estimated that direct and indirect costs due to HTN amounted to $46.4 billion in 2011 and projections of six-fold increases by 2030; the importance of low-cost nonpharmacological interventions involving collaborative teams of health care professionals is at a critical junction...
January 26, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129508/understanding-therapeutic-approaches-to-anxiety-in-vestibular-rehabilitation-a-qualitative-study-of-specialist-physiotherapists-in-the-uk
#15
Andrew Walker, Xenya Kantaris, Mary Chambers
PURPOSE: People with vestibular disorders are typically treated by physiotherapists in vestibular rehabilitation. Anxiety is strongly associated with vestibular disorders; however, there is a lack of understanding about how physiotherapists respond to people presenting with anxiety within vestibular rehabilitation. This study aimed to explore physiotherapists' current practice in assessing and treating patients with anxiety in vestibular rehabilitation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A qualitative study using semi-structured interviews with 10 specialist physiotherapists in vestibular rehabilitation in three university teaching hospitals in England...
January 27, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121686/at-a-crossroads-family-medicine-education-in-china
#16
Dan Wu, Tai Pong Lam
China is engaged in efforts to train 300,000 family doctors by 2020 to meet its population's health care needs. This Article discusses the family doctor shortage, compares family medicine training programs, examines the distributional challenges faced by these programs, and proposes directions for further experimentation. Despite an increasing number of family doctors, they represented only 5.6% of all doctors in 2013. Currently, three training programs run concurrently-the post-transfer training, residency training, and designated family medicine undergraduate education programs...
February 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118085/the-role-of-simulation-in-surgical-education
#17
Ben Schwab, Eric Hungness, Katherine Ann Barsness, William Craig McGaghie
The current healthcare environment demands optimization of patient outcomes in addition to maximal cost efficiency. Restrictions on resident work hours have placed limitations on the amount of time that trainee physicians can spend on patient care. For the surgery resident, the consequence is less time spent in the operating room under the supervision of a senior surgeon, the cornerstone of Halsted's approach to resident surgeon education. The use of simulation in graduate medical education has gained significant traction as a way to provide trainees with exposure to various techniques and procedures before use on the general patient population...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105585/how-feasible-is-multiple-time-point-web-based-data-collection-with-individuals-experiencing-street-homelessness
#18
Karin M Eyrich-Garg, Shadiya L Moss
Three barriers investigators often encounter when conducting longitudinal work with homeless or other marginalized populations are difficulty tracking participants, high rates of no-shows for follow-up interviews, and high rates of loss to follow-up. Recent research has shown that homeless populations have substantial access to information technologies, including mobile devices and computers. These technologies have the potential both to make longitudinal data collection with homeless populations easier and to minimize some of these methodological challenges...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104053/psychiatric-nurses-attitude-and-practice-toward-physical-restraint
#19
Amal Sobhy Mahmoud
AIM: This study was to assess psychiatric nurses' attitude and practice toward physical restraint among mentally ill patients. METHODS: A descriptive research design was used to achieve the study objective. The present study was carried out in three specialized governmental mental hospitals and two psychiatric wards in general hospital. A convenient purposive sample of 96 nurses who were working in the previously mentioned setting was included. The tool used for data collection was the Self-Administered Structured Questionnaire; it included three parts: The first comprised items concerned with demographic characteristics of the nurses, the second comprised 10 item measuring nurses' attitudes toward physical restraint, and the third was used to assess nurses' practices regarding use of physical restraint...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103080/organization-of-bbmri-pl-the-polish-biobanking-network
#20
Małgorzata Witoń, Dominik Strapagiel, Joanna Gleńska-Olender, Anna Chróścicka, Katarzyna Ferdyn, Jarosław Skokowski, Leszek Kalinowski, Jakub Pawlikowski, Błażej Marciniak, Markus Pasterk, Agnieszka Matera-Witkiewicz, Łukasz Kozera
In Poland storage of human biological samples takes place at most universities and scientific institutions conducting research projects in the field of biomedicine. The First International Biobanking Conference organized by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education in 2014 shed a light on the situation of Polish biobanking infrastructures. The country has around 40 large biorepositories, which store unique biological material such as whole brains, muscle fibers from patients with rare diseases, as well as thousands of samples from patients with lifestyle diseases...
January 19, 2017: Biopreservation and Biobanking
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