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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931988/linking-hearing-impairment-employment-and-education
#1
I Garramiola-Bilbao, A Rodríguez-Álvarez
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the impact that hearing impairment and other relevant variables have on the education and employment situation of those affected by it in the Principality of Asturias, Spain. METHODS: To achieve this objective, two discrete choice models (probit) are presented. The first one associates, among other variables, hearing impairment with the individual's employment status and in the second model, an ordered multinomial probit model is used to analyse, among other variables, how the impairment affects the individual's level of studies...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930726/burnout-and-its-influencing-factors-among-primary-health-care-providers-in-the-north-east-of-iran
#2
Mohammad Amiri, Ahmad Khosravi, Ahmad Reza Eghtesadi, Zakieh Sadeghi, Ghasem Abedi, Mansour Ranjbar, Fardin Mehrabian
INTRODUCTION: Burnout is a popular research topics in service providing jobs, including the health care field. This study aimed at assessing the level of job burnout and to consider the important antecedents which might be related to job burnout among primary health care providers in Iran. METHODS: The participants in this applied cross-sectional study which was conducted in 2013 were 548 primary health care providers who were randomly selected from among those working in Shahroud, Sabzevar, Neishabour, Bojnord (provinces located in the north east of Iran)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916330/epidemiology-of-voice-disorders-in-latvian-school-teachers
#3
Baiba Trinite
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of voice disorders in the teacher population in Latvia has not been studied so far and this is the first epidemiological study whose goal is to investigate the prevalence of voice disorders and their risk factors in this professional group. METHODS: A wide cross-sectional study using stratified sampling methodology was implemented in the general education schools of Latvia. The self-administered voice risk factor questionnaire and the Voice Handicap Index were completed by 522 teachers...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916252/knowledge-of-managing-avulsed-tooth-among-general-dental-practitioners-in-malaysia
#4
Dalia Abdullah, Suet Yeo Soo, Shalini Kanagasingam
BACKGROUND: Dental and maxillofacial injuries are one of the areas of concern highlighted in the Malaysian National Oral Health Plan 2011-2020. General dental practitioners (GDPs) have the responsibility of diagnosing and assessing dental trauma and determining the prognosis and outcomes of trauma along with its management. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the knowledge base and preferred methods of general dental practitioners regarding the management of avulsed tooth. METHODS: A random convenient sampling methodology was employed for sample selection...
December 2016: Singapore Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910114/it-s-about-time-examining-received-dosage-and-program-duration-as-predictors-of-change-among-non-distressed-and-distressed-married-couple-and-relationship-education-participants
#5
Angela B Bradford, Lauren Drean, Francesca Adler-Baeder, Scott A Ketring, Thomas A Smith
Although Couple and Relationship Education (CRE) programs were intended to be preventive in nature, an emerging reality is that relationally distressed couples are attending programs. This has raised questions about both its general usefulness and what is known regarding predictors of change in CRE for distressed couples particularly. Previous work has identified dosage and duration as important moderators of changes, and there are myriad program contexts offered, highlighting the need to examine these among distressed couples...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905653/-perceptions-of-faculty-members-and-students-about-undergraduate-training-in-primary-health-care
#6
Mario Parada-Lezcano, María Inés Romero S, Fabián Moraga Cortés
BACKGROUND: It is unknown if medical education is preparing physicians to successfully work at primary health care settings. AIM: To explore what are the perceptions of faculty members and students about the type of physician needed and if medical education is coherent with the practice of primary health care. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifteen semi-structured interviews to key informants from faculty members and ten focus groups with students were carried out...
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889271/assessment-of-perioperative-nutrition-practices-and-attitudes-a-national-survey-of-colorectal-and-gi-surgical-oncology-programs
#7
J D Williams, Paul E Wischmeyer
BACKGROUND: Implementation of evidence-based peri-operative nutrition in the U.S. is poorly described and hypothesized to be suboptimal. This study broadly describes practices and attitudes regarding nutrition screening/intervention in U.S. gastrointestinal and oncologic surgeons. METHODS: Nationwide nutritional practice survey of GI/Oncologic surgical faculty. RESULTS: Program response rates were 57% and 81% for colorectal and oncology fellowships, respectively...
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882576/looking-and-listening-for-learning-in-arts-and-humanities-based-creations
#8
Lara Varpio, Pamela Grassau, Pippa Hall
CONTEXT: The arts and humanities are gradually gaining a foothold in health professions education as a means of supporting the development of future clinicians who are compassionate, critical and reflexive thinkers, while also strengthening clinical skills and practices that emphasise patient-centredness, collaboration and interprofessional practices. Assignments that tap into trainee creativity are increasingly used both to prepare learners for the demands of clinical work and to understand the personal and professional challenges learners face in these contexts...
November 23, 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875018/the-process-and-challenges-of-obtaining-and-sustaining-clinical-placements-for-nursing-and-allied-health-students
#9
Christine Taylor, Liz Angel, Lucy Nyanga, Cathy Dickson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This paper describes the process and challenges from a project that aimed to develop processes, source new placements, and place students primarily in the discipline of Nursing, but also Occupational Therapy, Physiotherapy, Podiatry, Social Work, and Speech Therapy. BACKGROUND: Clinical experience in health facilities is an essential element of health professional education, yet globally there is a lack of clinical placements to meet demands...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874983/physical-health-monitoring-in-mental-health-settings-a-study-exploring-mental-health-nurses-views-of-their-role
#10
Herbert Mwebe
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore nurses' views of their role in the screening and monitoring of the physical care needs of people with serious mental illness in a mental health service provider. BACKGROUND: There is increasing awareness through research that people with serious mental illness disproportionately experience and die early from physical health conditions. Mental health nurses are best placed as front line workers to offer screening, monitoring and interventions; however, their views on physical care interventions are not studied often...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872275/serving-those-that-serve-a-practitioner-commentary-on-health-promotion-in-the-military
#11
Anna Torrens Armstrong
Since 1986, health promotion has had a place within the U.S. Department of Defense. Emphasizing the leading health indicators of Healthy People, the role of health promotion has continued to support the U.S. Armed Forces in perhaps one of the most challenging decades of wartime operations. Serving a sizable population with both typical and mission-related health issues, health promotion plays a critical role in maintaining and improving health. The purpose of this article is to highlight military health promotion by offering insight into the day-to-day life of a "boots on the ground" military health educator, reviewing the challenges and opportunities of working with a unique population...
November 21, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865125/preceptors-conceptions-of-a-peer-learning-model-a-phenomenographic-study
#12
Frida Nygren, Elisabeth Carlson
BACKGROUND: During the past few years nurses precepting undergraduate nursing students have been put under greater pressure because of increased number of students admitted to the universities combined with a shortage of clinical placements. One solution is the preceptor model peer learning where two students are tutored by the same preceptor simultaneously. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe the variation of registered nurses' conceptions of preceptorship in a peer learning model for undergraduate nursing students...
November 11, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843324/the-reablement-team-s-voice-a-qualitative-study-of-how-an-integrated-multidisciplinary-team-experiences-participation-in-reablement
#13
Kari Margrete Hjelle, Olbjørg Skutle, Oddvar Førland, Herdis Alvsvåg
BACKGROUND: Reablement is an early and time-limited home-based rehabilitation intervention that emphasizes intensive, goal-oriented, and multidisciplinary assistance for people experiencing functional decline. Few empirical studies to date have examined the experiences of the integrated multidisciplinary teams involved in reablement. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to explore and describe how an integrated multidisciplinary team in Norway experienced participation in reablement...
2016: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829400/is-schizophrenia-disappearing-the-rise-and-fall-of-the-diagnosis-of-functional-psychoses-an-essay
#14
Per Bergsholm
BACKGROUND: The categories of functional psychoses build on views of influential professionals. There have long been four main categories - affective, schizophrenic, schizoaffective/cycloid/reactive/polymorphic, and delusional/paranoid psychoses. The last three are included in "psychotic disorders". However, this dichotomy and the distinctions between categories may have been over-estimated and contributed to lack of progress. TEN TOPICS RELEVANT FOR THE DIAGNOSIS OF FUNCTIONAL PSYCHOSES: 1...
November 9, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797630/interprofessional-immersion-use-of-interprofessional-education-collaborative-competencies-in-side-by-side-training-of-family-medicine-pharmacy-nursing-and-counselling-psychology-trainees
#15
Daubney Harper Boland, Mary Alice Scott, Helen Kim, Traci White, Eve Adams
While supported by the Affordable Care Act, in the United States, interprofessional training often takes place after healthcare providers graduate and are practicing in the field. This article describes the implementation and evaluation of an interprofessional training for graduate-level healthcare trainees. A group of interprofessional healthcare faculty provided a weeklong interprofessional immersion for doctoral-level healthcare trainees (n = 24) in Pharmacy, Counselling Psychology, Nursing, and Family Medicine residents...
November 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793144/family-and-healthcare-professionals-perceptions-of-a-pilot-hospice-at-home-programme-for-children-a-qualitative-study
#16
Maria Brenner, Michael Connolly, Des Cawley, Frances Howlin, Jay Berry, Claire Quinn
BACKGROUND: Parents commonly report a significant improvement in quality of life following the provision of hospice and supportive care and have identified a need for such a service in the home. The purpose of this study was to understand the experiences of families receiving a nurse led pilot hospice at home programme and the experiences of healthcare professionals delivering and engaging with the programme. METHODS: An exploratory, qualitative study was conducted, including telephone interviews with parents and focus groups and individual interviews with healthcare professionals...
October 28, 2016: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793134/longitudinal-changes-in-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-in-adults-around-retirement-age-what-is-the-moderating-role-of-retirement-status-gender-and-educational-level
#17
Delfien Van Dyck, Greet Cardon, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij
BACKGROUND: The start of retirement is an important stage in an (older) adult's life and can affect physical activity (PA) and/or sedentary behaviors, making it an ideal period to implement health interventions. To identify the most optimal timing of such interventions it is important to determine how PA and sedentary behaviors change not only when making the transition to retirement, but also during the first years of retirement. The main study aim was to examine whether PA and sedentary behaviors change differently in retiring adults compared with recently retired adults...
October 28, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790340/pathways-of-job-style-and-preterm-low-birth-weight
#18
Katayoun Salehi, Zohreh Mahmoodi, Kourosh Kabir, Mahrokh Dolatian
INTRODUCTION: Preterm and low birth weight tend to occur as a direct result of prenatal risky behaviors, diseases, as well as fetal exposure to harmful social and environmental factors. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between job style and preterm low birth weight. METHODS: The present case-control study was conducted in the Kamali hospital, Teheran, Iran in 2014. Participants included 156 mothers having a gestational age of less than 37 weeks and infants weighing less than 2500 gm...
September 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787983/click-chemistry-and-radiochemistry-the-first-ten-years
#19
Jan-Philip Meyer, Pierre Adumeau, Jason S Lewis, Brian M Zeglis
The advent of click chemistry has had a profound influence on almost all branches of chemical science. This is particularly true of radiochemistry and the synthesis of agents for positron emission tomography (PET), single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), and targeted radiotherapy. The selectivity, ease, rapidity, and modularity of click ligations make them nearly ideally suited for the construction of radiotracers, a process that often involves working with biomolecules in aqueous conditions with inexorably decaying radioisotopes...
October 27, 2016: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785819/visual-research-in-clinical-education
#20
Jeff Bezemer
AIM: The aim of this paper is to explore what might be gained from collecting and analysing visual data, such as photographs, scans, drawings, video and screen recordings, in clinical educational research. Its focus is on visual research that looks at teaching and learning 'as it naturally occurs' in the work place, in simulation centres and other sites, and also involves the collection and analysis of visual learning materials circulating in these sites. BACKGROUND: With the ubiquity of digital recording devices, video data and visual learning materials are now relatively cheap to collect...
October 27, 2016: Medical Education
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