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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456840/mixed-methods-evaluation-of-the-impact-of-a-short-term-training-program-on-sterile-processing-knowledge-practice-and-attitude-in-three-hospitals-in-benin
#1
Olive Fast, Christina Fast, Dan Fast, Suzanne Veltjens, Zouliha Salami, Michelle White
Background: Proper sterile processing is fundamental to safe surgical practice and optimal patient outcomes. Sterile processing practices in low and middle-income countries often fall short of recommended standards. The impact of education and training on sterile processing practices in low and middle-income countries is unknown. We designed a sterile processing education course, including mentoring, and aimed to evaluate the impact on participants' personal knowledge, skills, and practices...
2018: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456779/shared-decision-making-for-nursing-practice-an-integrative-review
#2
REVIEW
Marie Truglio-Londrigan, Jason T Slyer
Background: Shared decision-making has received national and international interest by providers, educators, researchers, and policy makers. The literature on shared decision-making is extensive, dealing with the individual components of shared decision-making rather than a comprehensive process. This view of shared decision-making leaves healthcare providers to wonder how to integrate shared decision-making into practice. Objective: To understand shared decision-making as a comprehensive process from the perspective of the patient and provider in all healthcare settings...
2018: Open Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455628/ng%C3%A4-whak%C3%A4-whitinga-standing-at-the-crossroads-how-m%C3%A4-ori-understand-what-western-psychiatry-calls-schizophrenia
#3
Melissa Taitimu, John Read, Tracey McIntosh
This project explored how Māori understand experiences commonly labelled "schizophrenic" or "psychotic". Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 57 Māori participants who had either personal experiences labelled as "psychosis" or "schizophrenia", or who work with people with such experiences; including tangata whaiora (users of mental health services), tohunga (traditional healers), kaumatua/kuia (elders), Māori clinicians, cultural support workers and students...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454240/deterrent-effects-of-demerit-points-and-license-sanctions-on-drivers-traffic-law-violations-using-a-proportional-hazard-model
#4
Jaeyeong Lee, Byung-Jung Park, Chungwon Lee
Current traffic law enforcement places an emphasis on reducing accident risk from human factors such as drunk driving and speeding. Among the various strategies implemented, demerit points and license sanction systems have been widely used as punitive and educational measures. Limitations, however, exist in previous studies in terms of estimating the interaction effects of demerit points and license sanctions. To overcome such limitations, this work focused on identifying the interaction effects of demerit points and license sanctions on driver traffic violation behavior...
February 14, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442463/knowledge-and-selected-variables-as-determinants-of-the-quality-of-life-and-general-health-of-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#5
Aleksandra Pytel, Iwona Demczyszak, Edyta Sutkowska, Joanna Rosińczuk, Izabela Kuberka, Aleksandra Kołtuniuk
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an incurable disease resulting in progressive disability, which is associated with the loss of productivity and the inability to earn money, which might lead to a financial burden on the patient's family. Undoubtedly, the clinical picture of the disease and its consequences lead to the reduction of the quality of life. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the influence of selected factors on the subjective assessment of the quality of life and general health of patients with RA...
December 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439321/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-hiv-aids-among-workers-at-china-first-highway-engineering-company-at-bilibila-sokota-road-project-sokota-ethiopia
#6
Mebratu Tarekegne, Addis Adera, Kalab Haile, Derara Guyo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess Bilbila Sokota Road Project workers' knowledge, attitude and practice on HIV/AIDS in China first highway engineering Company. METHODS: A cross sectional Survey was conducted among workers in China first high way engineering Company at Bilbila Sokota road project, Sokota, Ethiopia. Fifty-five workers were taken from project site/company. Data was collected using a validated self-administrated standardized questionnaire on Knowledge, attitude and practice including behavioral change regarding HIV/AIDS...
February 5, 2018: Human Antibodies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428491/knowledge-and-preventive-behaviors-towards-tick-borne-diseases-in-delaware
#7
Sangeeta Gupta, Paula Eggers, Ana Arana, Brianna Kresse, Kristen Rios, Leah Brown, Lydia Sampson, Mitchell Kploanyi
Delaware is among the top 10 states in the United States with the highest incidence for Lyme disease. The Delaware Division of Public Health (DPH) therefore has been working diligently to prevent and control tick-borne diseases through a variety of interventions including awareness campaigns and educational programs. To assess if tick-borne disease related information is reaching Delawareans through these programs, DPH in collaboration with Delaware State University administered an anonymous survey to 1755 participants in all three of Delaware counties during May 2017...
February 3, 2018: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428119/influence-of-habits-on-depression-in-the-peruvian-medical-student-study-in-seven-administrative-regions
#8
Mariela Vargas, Lincolth Talledo-Ulfe, Paula Heredia, Sarita Quispe-Colquepisco, Christian R Mejia
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of habits on depression in medical students from 7 Peruvian Regions. METHODS: Analytical cross-sectional study of a secondary data analysis. The diagnosis of depression was obtained according to the Zung test result, with any level of this condition being considered positive. This was also compared with other social and educational variables that were important according to previous literature. RESULTS: Of the 1922 respondents, 54...
January 2018: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426310/barriers-to-voluntary-participation-in-sport-for-children-a-systematic-review
#9
Sarah Somerset, Derek J Hoare
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have detailed the physical health benefits of children's participation in sport and a growing body of research also highlights the benefits for mental health. Children who participate in sport have also been shown to be advantaged academically. However, despite the benefits there is evidence that children are leading increasingly sedentary lifestyles and are at greater risk of chronic disease than those with active lifestyles. Sport provides an important means for children to achieve their recommended amount of daily physical activity...
February 9, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423581/hypoglycaemia-in-type-1-diabetes-technological-treatments-their-limitations-and-the-place-of-psychology
#10
REVIEW
Pratik Choudhary, Stephanie A Amiel
Advances in technology allowing improved insulin delivery and glucose monitoring can significantly reduce the burden of hypoglycaemia when used appropriately. However, limitations of the current technology, and the skills, commitment and motivation required to use them, mean that it does not work for all people. Education and informed professional support are key to success. In the context of problematic hypoglycaemia, data suggest that newer technology has lower efficacy and uptake in those with most need...
February 8, 2018: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416879/establishing-research-priorities-relating-to-the-long-term-impact-of-tia-and-minor-stroke-through-stakeholder-centred-consensus
#11
Grace M Turner, Ruth Backman, Christel McMullan, Jonathan Mathers, Tom Marshall, Melanie Calvert
Plain English summary: What is the problem and why is this important? Mini-strokes are similar to full strokes, but symptoms last less than 24 h. Many people (up to 70%) have long-term problems after a mini-stroke, such as anxiety; depression; problems with brain functioning (like memory loss); and fatigue (feeling tired). However, the current healthcare pathway only focuses on preventing another stroke and care for other long-term problems is not routinely given. Without proper treatment, people with long-term problems after a mini-stroke could have worse quality of life and may find it difficult to return to work and their social activities...
2018: Research Involvement and Engagement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405194/-the-significance-of-student-competitions-for-the-development-of-motivation-for-education-and-the-acquisition-of-professional-competences-in-the-students-the-department-of-forensic-medical-expertise-of-the-sechenovsky-university
#12
Yu I Pigolkin, Yu V Lomakin, E N Leonova
Russia joined the Bologna process in 2003 and since that time has become integrated into the unified European educational space. The key element of the new form of the higher education process is the self-guided unsupervised work of the students. Motivation is needed to promote the involvement of the students in the educational process which implies the necessity of the goal-oriented initiative for the acquisition of professional knowledge and practical experience in the field of forensic medicine. To achieve this goal, the Department of Forensic Medicine of I...
2018: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400107/twelve-tips-for-expanding-undergraduate-clinical-teaching-capacity
#13
Richard B Hays, Robert K McKinley, Tarun K Sen Gupta
Undergraduate medical education has expanded substantially in recent years, through both establishing new programs and increasing student numbers in existing programs. This expansion has placed pressure on the capacity for training students in clinical placements, raising concerns about the risk of dilution of experience, and reducing work readiness. The concerns have been greatest in more traditional environments, where clinical placements in large academic medical centers are often the "gold standard". However, there are ways of exposing medical students to patient interactions and clinical supervisors in many other contexts...
February 5, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384410/strategies-for-improving-dabigatran-adherence-for-stroke-prevention-in-patients-with-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation-education-and-drug-intake-reminders-facilita-study
#14
Emilio Márquez-Contreras, Nieves Martell-Claros, Sara Márquez-Rivero, Enrique Hermida-Campa, Carmen Gracia-Diez, Eugenio Sanchez-López, Vicente Gil-Guillén
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of a mixed intervention, educational and reminder calendar of the intake, as a strategy to improve therapeutic adherence with dabigatran in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). METHODS: Prospective, longitudinal, multicenter study, carried out in 110 specialized healthcare centers in Spain. 726 patients treated with dabigatran prescribed for stroke prevention were included. A cluster randomization was performed based on two groups: 1) Control Group (CG) as usual clinical practice and Intervention Group (IG) with a mixed strategy: a) Healthcare education and b) Use of a reminder calendar for taking the anticoagulant medication...
January 31, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383062/flipping-the-classroom-in-medical-student-education-does-priming-work
#15
Emily Rose, Paul Jhun, Matthew Baluzy, Aaron Hauck, Jonathan Huang, Jonathan Wagner, Yvette L Kearl, Solomon Behar, Ilene Claudius
Introduction: The emergency medicine (EM) clerkship curriculum at Los Angeles County + University of Southern California Medical Center includes monthly lectures on pediatric fever and shortness of breath (SOB). This educational innovation evaluated if learning could be enhanced by "priming" the students with educational online videos prior to an in-class session. Factors that impacted completion rates were also evaluated (planned specialty and time given for video viewing). Methods: Twenty-minute videos were to be viewed prior to the didactic session...
January 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381672/simulated-interprofessional-education-discharge-planning-meeting-to-improve-skills-necessary-for-effective-interprofessional-practice
#16
Leslie M Smith, Megan Keiser, Carman Turkelson, Amy M Yorke, Benjamin Sachs, Karen Berg
PURPOSE OF STUDY: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of a simulation-enhanced interprofessional education (Sim-IPE) discharge planning learning experience using simulated patients (SPs), to explore the ability for students to communicate with each other and to a patient/caregiver, and to use clinical thinking to make a safe and appropriate interprofessional discharge recommendation. PRIMARY PRACTICE SETTING(S): Educational institution; university simulation center...
March 2018: Professional Case Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368576/designing-and-evaluating-vascular-access-training-using-educational-theory
#17
Anna Louise Hulse
Clinical skills learning is commonplace for all health professionals, with many training programmes incorporating multiple modes of facilitation, aligned to clinical standards and evidence-based research. There is often variance, however, in the facilitation of training programmes across healthcare settings and disciplines, highlighting differing levels of knowledge and clinical competence and illustrating a need for standardisation of training. Evidence illustrates many different approaches to learning from the traditional 'see one, do one, teach one', to academic facilitation by clinical skills tutors, to in-house expert facilitation...
January 25, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366668/the-influence-of-learning-environment-on-trainee-pharmacy-technicians-education-and-training-experiences
#18
Ellen I Schafheutle, Samuel D Jee, Sarah C Willis
BACKGROUND: In Great Britain (GB), pharmacy technicians (PTs) are registered professionals, with their education and training regulated; little is known about this or the learning environment in which it takes place. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to profile recently registered pre-registration trainee pharmacy technicians (PTPTs) in GB and capture views on PTPTs' training experiences, focussing on differences in community and hospital settings. METHODS: A mixed methods study was conducted in 2013-14, following university ethics approval...
December 16, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364411/-prevention-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-pediatric-infections-during-natural-disasters
#19
Flavia Morán, Theresa J Ochoa
The objective of this review was to provide guidelines regarding the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of the most common infectious diseases in children during natural disasters, including floods such as those that occurred in the summer of 2017 in Peru. This instrument should be used by physicians and health personnel working in primary health care. The management of diarrheal, respiratory, skin, and eye diseases, vector-transmitted diseases such as dengue, chikungunya, and Zika, and zoonoses such as leptospirosis is discussed...
October 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362946/prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-with-self-rated-morbidities-among-south-asian-migrant-gas-station-workers-in-kuwait
#20
Najla Al-Ayyadhi, Saeed Akhtar
Gas station workers (GSWs) are at elevated risk of morbidities associated with exposure to petrochemical substances. This cross-sectional study assessed the prevalence and examined demographics and occupation-related risk factors associated with self-rated ill-health among GSWs in Kuwait. Structured questionnaire was used to record self-rated ill-health from 460 selected GSWs of South-Asian origin. Prevalence of self-rated ill-health conditions was computed. Random-intercept multivariable logistic regression model was used to identify the demographics and/or work-place related potential risk factors associated with one or more morbidities...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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