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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667210/pastoral-power-and-the-promotion-of-self-care
#1
Lorelei Jones
In many countries government policy is becoming increasingly reliant on citizens taking greater responsibility for their health and wellbeing and limiting their consumption of public services. In this paper I develop Foucauldian perspectives on the work required to create and maintain responsibilised subjects, focusing on the role of 'pastors' - specialists, experts and therapists who promote desirable subjectivities (Waring and Latif ). Drawing from ethnographic research, I consider how government policies for the promotion of self-care within the English healthcare system not only place increased emphasis on patients taking responsibility for their own health and wellbeing, but also seek to constitute new pastoral subjectivities as responsible for conducting the conduct of patients...
April 17, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625810/enlight-european-network-for-light-ion-hadron-therapy
#2
REVIEW
Manjit Dosanjh, Ugo Amaldi, Ramona Mayer, Richard Poetter
The European Network for Light Ion Hadron Therapy (ENLIGHT) was established in 2002 following various European particle therapy network initiatives during the 1980s and 1990s (e.g. EORTC task group, EULIMA/PIMMS accelerator design). ENLIGHT started its work on major topics related to hadron therapy (HT), such as patient selection, clinical trials, technology, radiobiology, imaging and health economics. It was initiated through CERN and ESTRO and dealt with various disciplines such as (medical) physics and engineering, radiation biology and radiation oncology...
April 3, 2018: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625615/to-fill-or-not-to-fill-a-qualitative-cross-country-study-on-dentists-decisions-in-managing-non-cavitated-proximal-caries-lesions
#3
F Schwendicke, L A Foster Page, L A Smith, M Fontana, W M Thomson, S R Baker
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify barriers and enablers for dentists managing non-cavitated proximal caries lesions using non- or micro-invasive (NI/MI) approaches rather than invasive and restorative methods in New Zealand, Germany and the USA. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted, focusing on non-cavitated proximal caries lesions (radiographically confined to enamel or the outer dentine). Twelve dentists from New Zealand, 12 from Germany and 20 from the state of Michigan (USA) were interviewed...
April 6, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608118/a-global-health-training-model-for-teaching-pediatric-clinical-decision-making-skills-to-rwandan-physical-therapists-a-case-report
#4
Kathryn Clark, Cara N Whalen Smith, Lori Kohls, Ines Musabyemariya, Egide Kayonga Ntagungira, Monika Mann, Steve R Fisher
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is increasing interest among physical therapists from high-income countries to participate in education development projects in low-income countries. However, there are few examples in the literature of effective developmental models or projects. This case report describes a model for improving pediatric clinical decision making skills among Rwandan physical therapists using best practices in clinical decision making, evidence-based practice where possible, and use of the International Classification of Functioning and Disability (ICF) model...
April 2, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603320/stakeholder-views-of-rural-community-based-medical-education-a-narrative-review-of-the-international-literature
#5
Praphun Somporn, Julie Ash, Lucie Walters
CONTEXT: Rural community-based medical education (RCBME), in which medical student learning activities take place within a rural community, requires students, clinical teachers, patients, community members and representatives of health and government sectors to actively contribute to the educational process. Therefore, academics seeking to develop RCBME need to understand the rural context, and the views and needs of local stakeholders. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review is to examine stakeholder experiences of RCBME programmes internationally...
March 30, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599618/a-survey-of-epilepsy-related-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-home-healthcare-nurses-in-the-san-in-region-of-japan
#6
Yuko Nishina, Shin-Ichi Yoshioka
Background: Comprehensive care is necessary for people with epilepsy (PWE) to lead a fulfilling life at home and in the community. The purpose of this study was to determine the epilepsy-related knowledge, attitudes and practices of home healthcare nurses (HHNs) in the San-in region of Japan. Methods: A questionnaire survey was conducted by mail of 546 HHNs working in Tottori and Shimane Prefectures. The questionnaire assessed the epilepsy-related knowledge, attitudes and practices of HHNs...
March 2018: Yonago Acta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596162/chapter-2-espghan-50-years-memories-the-early-years
#7
Michael J Lentze, Salvatore Auricchio, Samy Cadranel, Peter J Milla, Deirdre Kelly, Alexander S McNeish, Jean Rey, Jacques Schmitz, Birgitta Strandvik, Jan Taminiau, Jarmo Visakorpi
Thirty-six founding members from Europe were present in 1968, when the European Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology (ESGA) had its first meeting in Paris. The aim was to create a forum for presentations and discussions of research activities in paediatric gastroenterology in Europe. At the second meeting of ESGA 1969 in Interlaken, an important landmark was set for all gastroenterologists in the world. In this conference, the first ever criteria for "the Diagnosis of Coeliac Disease" (CD) were established...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595578/a-menu-to-evaluate-factors-influencing-implementation-of-obesity-prevention-early-care-and-education-regulations
#8
Erin Sawicki, Dianne C Barker, Marjorie A Gutman, Ian Caughlan, Marissa Yochelson, George Grob
CONTEXT: In recent years, several states have adopted new regulations concerning nutrition, physical activity, and screen time in early care and education (ECE) settings to help prevent childhood obesity. OBJECTIVE: To disseminate a menu of factors that facilitate and/or impede implementation of obesity prevention regulations in ECE settings. DESIGN: To create the menu, we condensed and categorized factors identified in the literature and through field work by placing them within domains...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589692/-the-advantages-of-a-third-party-in-the-%C3%A2-work-organization%C3%A2-of-head-nurses
#9
Pierre-Philippe Dujardin, Annick Valette, Thomas Reverdy, Patrice François
The organisation of production of care is a task that requires three different levels of competence: operational, structural and learning skills. The organisational requirements (OR) of the Head Nurse (HN) are often centered on the operational level, to the detriment of the other two levels. This difficulty is due to the organisation which presents limited political, cognitive and pragmatic levels of rationality.The aim of this study was to identify the impact of a third party in relation to the organisation and its effect on the HN's OR...
January 2018: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589684/-occupational-risk-factors-and-perceptions-of-air-pollution-by-motorcycle-taxi-drivers-in-cotonou-benin
#10
Hervé Lawin, Lucie Ayi Fanou, Vikkey Hinson, Brice Tollo, Benjamin Fayomi, Edgard-Marius Ouendo
INTRODUCTION: Motorcycle taxis occupy a major place in urban transport. Motorcycle taxi drivers are exposed to occupational risk factors (ORF) including air pollution. The objective of this study was to evaluate these ORF among motorcycle taxi drivers and their perceptions of air pollution. METHODS: This mixed study was conducted on motorcycle taxi drivers in Cotonou. The qualitative study was based on focus groups concerning 16 items from the Participatory Occupational Risk Screening Guide (DEPARIS) until saturation and after triangulation of data...
January 2018: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579485/nurses-age-job-demands-and-physical-activity-at-work-and-at-leisure-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
V J C Mc Carthy, T Wills, S Crowley
BACKGROUND: The nursing workforce is ageing and increased age and demands at work, can impact on physical activity levels in the workplace and at leisure. Research has shown that work physical activity, without activity at leisure, is insufficient to prolong well-being. This study investigated the physical activity levels of a sample of nurses and aimed to determine if age and job demands are associated with engaging in recommended physical activity levels at work and at leisure. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with data collected during 2016...
April 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564994/imported-case-of-measles-in-a-university-setting-leading-to-an-outbreak-of-measles-in-edinburgh-scotland-from-september-to-december-2016
#12
A Kirolos, C Waugh, K Templeton, D McCormick, R Othieno, L J Willocks, J Stevenson
In September 2016, an imported case of measles in Edinburgh in a university student resulted in a further 17 confirmed cases during October and November 2016. All cases were genotype D8 and were associated with a virus strain most commonly seen in South East Asia. Twelve of the 18 cases were staff or students at a university in Edinburgh and 17 cases had incomplete or unknown measles mumps rubella (MMR) vaccination status. The public health response included mass follow-up of all identified contacts, widespread communications throughout universities in Edinburgh and prompt vaccination clinics at affected campuses...
March 22, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564250/time-for-the-two-spirits-shaping-the-inclusive-policy-environment-for-hispanics-and-transgenders-through-global-health-diplomacy
#13
Vijay Kumar Chattu, Mario O Laplume, Soosanna Kumary
Minority populations in the world are permanently challenged with unequal living and working conditions in their daily lives that compromise their access to needed clinical and preventive services. When we discuss the health-care conditions for minorities, we must address the social determinants of access that are ultimately determined by the policies and politics of the governments. Renowned experts of quality in healthcare have been critical of the current design and implementation of randomized clinical trials, the gold standard of clinical research because they believe that they often, but not always, presume a linear, mechanistic system when in fact improvement in health care takes place within complex adaptive systems that evolve...
October 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563043/rationale-and-design-for-the-community-activation-for-prevention-study-caps-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-community-gardening
#14
J S Litt, K Alaimo, M Buchenau, A Villalobos, D H Glueck, T Crume, L Fahnestock, R F Hamman, J R Hebert, T G Hurley, J Leiferman, K Li
BACKGROUND: Engaging in health-promoting behaviors (e.g., healthy fruit- and vegetable-rich diet, physical activity) and living in supportive social and built environments are consistently and significantly associated with reductions in cancer, heart disease, diabetes, and other chronic diseases. Interventions to change diet and physical activity behaviors should aim to educate individuals, change the environments in which people live, work and recreate, improve access, availability, and affordability of healthy foods, and create safe places the facilitate active lifestyles...
March 18, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560774/an-exploration-of-attitudes-towards-female-genital-mutilation-fgm-in-men-and-women-accessing-fgm-clinical-services-in-london-a-pilot-study
#15
Martina Larsson, Pollyanna Cohen, Gayle Hann, Sarah M Creighton, Deborah Hodes
This pilot study researched the attitudes towards and the knowledge of female genital mutilation (FGM) in adult women with FGM and their partners. The participant population consisted of English-speaking women and men over 18 years old attending specialist FGM clinics in two London hospitals. The participants completed a questionnaire on the attitudes and the knowledge of FGM, which were adapted with permission from the United Nations Children's Fund and the United States Agency for International Development household surveys...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560162/assessment-of-health-literacy-of-municipal-employees-in-shemiranat-iran
#16
Mahnaz Solhi, Hanieh Jormand
Background: Health literacy is one of the major determinants of health promotion among individuals and within society. Objective: The present study is aimed to determine the health literacy status of office employees in Shemiranat using the native instruments of health literacy for Iranian adults (HELIA). Methods: The present descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study was done in 2016-17. It was conducted on 360 office employees in Shemiranat...
December 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543658/preoperative-pain-sensitization-is-associated-with-postoperative-pillar-pain-after-open-carpal-tunnel-release
#17
Young Hak Roh, Young Do Koh, Jong Oh Kim, Kyu Ho Lee, Hyun Sik Gong, Goo Hyun Baek
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pillar pain (deep-seated wrist pain worsened by leaning on the heel of the hand) sometimes occurs after carpal tunnel release (CTR), leading to weakness in the hand and delayed return to work. Increased pain sensitivity has been found to be associated with worse symptoms and poorer treatment response in a number of chronic musculoskeletal conditions, but few studies have investigated the association of pain sensitization with pillar pain after CTR. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Is preoperative pain sensitization in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) associated with increased severity of pillar pain after open CTR? (2) What other demographic, electrophysiological, or preoperative clinical characteristics are associated with pillar pain after CTR? METHODS: Over a 35-month period, one surgeon performed 162 open carpal tunnel releases...
April 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543388/hereditary-angioedema-education-in-otolaryngology-residencies-survey-of-program-directors
#18
Vijay A Patel, Laila Siddique, Lauren Stahl, Michele M Carr
BACKGROUND: The objective of this work was to assess resident education regarding contemporary management of hereditary angioedema using a web-based survey. METHODS: An 11-item, multiple-choice, electronic questionnaire was sent to all 106 accredited otolaryngology training programs in November 2016. Questions focused on resident education, management principles, and formalized assessment. RESULTS: A total of 34 program directors responded, representing 32% of otolaryngology residences...
March 15, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540420/protocol-for-the-economic-evaluation-of-a-complex-intervention-to-improve-the-mental-health-of-maltreated-infants-and-children-in-foster-care-in-the-uk-the-best-services-trial
#19
Manuela Deidda, Kathleen Anne Boyd, Helen Minnis, Julia Donaldson, Kevin Brown, Nicole R S Boyer, Emma McIntosh
INTRODUCTION: Children who have experienced abuse and neglect are at increased risk of mental and physical health problems throughout life. This places an enormous burden on individuals, families and society in terms of health services, education, social care and judiciary sectors. Evidence suggests that early intervention can mitigate the negative consequences of child maltreatment, exerting long-term positive effects on the health of maltreated children entering foster care. However, evidence on cost-effectiveness of such complex interventions is limited...
March 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538580/university-management-nurse-a-grounded-theory
#20
Kamylla Santos da Cunha, Selma Regina de Andrade, Alacoque Lorenzini Erdmann
OBJECTIVE: to understand the meaning of the university management performed by nurses managers of the nursing undergraduate course of a public university. METHOD: this is a qualitative research, based on the grounded theory. Data collection took place between May and September 2016, with open interviews, in the scenario of a federal public university. The technique of constant comparative analysis of the data was followed, obtaining a theoretical sample with 19 nurses, in two sample groups...
March 8, 2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
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