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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047471/teaching-rainbows-with-simulations-revisiting-minnaert-s-lab-experiment
#1
Francisco L Naranjo-Correa, Guadalupe Martinez-Borreguero, Angel Luis Pérez-Rodriguez, Pedro J Pardo-Fernandez, Maria Isabel Suero-Lopez
This work presents an educational simulation to support students' learning about the formation of the rainbow. The main aim of the simulation is to provide our students with a didactic tool in addition to their traditional laboratory practice, which can be easily implemented in e-learning teaching platforms. A system consisting of a flask filled with water and a screen with a rounded aperture placed between the sun and the flask was simulated; this way a faint rainbow was seen on the simulated screen. The interactive nature of the simulation allowed the students to perform some alterations that would be impossible to do in the real world; thus, the observed rainbow deviated from the simplest model...
July 1, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037823/the-development-of-a-novel-perfused-cadaver-model-with-dynamic-vital-sign-regulation-and-real-world-scenarios-to-teach-surgical-skills-and-error-management
#2
Michael Minneti, Craig J Baker, Maura E Sullivan
The landscape of graduate medical education has changed dramatically over the past decade and the traditional apprenticeship model has undergone scrutiny and modifications. The mandate of the 80-hour work-week, the introduction of integrated residency programs, increased global awareness about patient safety along with financial constraints have spurred changes in graduate educational practices. In addition, new technologies, more complex procedures, and a host of external constraints have changed where and how we teach technical and procedural skills...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031522/video-based-surgical-learning-improving-trainee-education-and-preparation-for-surgery
#3
Paulo Mota, Nuno Carvalho, Emanuel Carvalho-Dias, Manuel João Costa, Jorge Correia-Pinto, Estevão Lima
BACKGROUND: Since the end of the XIX century, teaching of surgery has remained practically unaltered until now. With the dawn of video-assisted laparoscopy, surgery has faced new technical and learning challenges. Due to technological advances, from Internet access to portable electronic devices, the use of online resources is part of the educational armamentarium. In this respect, videos have already proven to be effective and useful, however the best way to benefit from these tools is still not clearly defined...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023688/developing-nursing-research-in-the-united-arab-emirates-a-narrative-review
#4
REVIEW
M McCreaddie, D Kuzemski, J Griffiths, E M Sojka, M Fielding, N Al Yateem, J J Williams
AIM: This article identified, critically analysed and synthesized the literature on international nursing and midwifery research capacity building and standards. BACKGROUND: The United Arab Emirates is heavily dependent up on expatriate nurses. Only 4% of nurses working within the country are Emirati. The nation is therefore committed to developing nurses and nursing as a profession. INTRODUCTION: The United Arab Emirates' Nursing and Midwifery Council was formed in 2009 and initially focused on regulation, education and specialization...
October 11, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018491/perception-of-noise-pollution-in-a-youth-and-adults-school-in-curitiba-pr
#5
Orlando Borges Filho, Angela Ribas, Claudia Giglio De Oliveira Gonçalves, Adriana Bender Moreira Lacerda, Renato Riesemberg, Karlin Klagenberg
Introduction  Nowadays noise remains the third largest cause of environmental pollution on Earth. It appears that despite the existing noise control legislation the issue deserves further supervision by the public authorities so that the ceilings established for the various activities are observed. People exposed to noise are more likely to develop numerous auditory and non-auditory problems directly impacting persona family and working life. Objectives  The objective of this study is to research and consequently understand how the population of students of a youth and adult school in Curitiba perceives noise pollution as well as look into the actions that the school adopts in order to guide the students on the topic...
October 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016593/dentists-in-nepal-a-situation-analysis
#6
Rabindra Man Shrestha, Sujita Shrestha Shrestha, Nischal Kunwar
BACKGROUND: Human resource data is essential for planning and implementation of health care delivery system. However, very few information is available on dental health human resource in the country. The aim of study was to assess the number of dentists in the country and to explore their distribution according to demographic and professional characteristics. METHODS: A census was performed during July 2015 to July 2016 about the Nepali dentists. The study assessed demographic and professional characteristics of dentists including age, gender, ethnicity, education attainment, university, country/year of graduation, and work place using data collection sheet by trained data collectors...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991203/pharmacy-practice-and-education-in-the-czech-republic
#7
Petr Nachtigal, Tomáš Šimůnek, Jeffrey Atkinson
The PHARMINE ("Pharmacy Education in Europe") project studied the organisation of pharmacy education, practice and legislation in the European Union (EU) with the objectives of evaluating to what degree harmonisation had taken place with the EU, and producing documents on each individual EU member state. Part of this work was in the form of a survey of pharmacy education, practice, and legislation in the various member states. We will publish the individual member state surveys as reference documents. This paper presents the results of the PHARMINE survey on pharmacy education, training, and practice in the Czech Republic...
October 9, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990823/the-effectiveness-of-suicide-prevention-education-programs-for-nurses
#8
Monika S Ferguson, Julie A Reis, Lyn Rabbetts, Heather-Jean Ashby, Miriam Bayes, Tara McCracken, Christine Ross, Nicholas G Procter
BACKGROUND: Education to improve health professionals' responses to suicide is considered an important suicide prevention strategy. However, the effectiveness of this approach for nurses is unclear. AIM: To systematically review the peer-reviewed literature regarding the effectiveness of suicide prevention education programs for nurses. METHOD: Nine academic databases (CINAHL, Cochrane Reviews & Trials, Embase, Informit Health Collection, Joanna Briggs Institute, Medline, PsycINFO, Scopus, and Web of Science) were searched in November 2016, utilizing search terms related to suicide, education, and nurses, with no limits placed on publication date or study design...
October 6, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987043/-low-level-of-physical-activity-as-main-risk-factor-of-cancer-in-sanok-s-county-population
#9
Karolina Hombek, Magdalena Jarema, Ewa Smoleń
Physical activity is a key component of a healthy lifestyle. The data of WHO conclude that little physical activity is the fourth key risk factor of premature death. Weight disorder such as obesity and overweight are an significant risk factor in cancer development. AIM: The aim of the study was to determine physical activity in cancer prevention among the population of Sanok's county. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study covered a group 157 residents of Sanok's county in 2015...
September 29, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977687/professional-structural-and-organisational-interventions-in-primary-care-for-reducing-medication-errors
#10
REVIEW
Hanan Khalil, Brian Bell, Helen Chambers, Aziz Sheikh, Anthony J Avery
BACKGROUND: Medication-related adverse events in primary care represent an important cause of hospital admissions and mortality. Adverse events could result from people experiencing adverse drug reactions (not usually preventable) or could be due to medication errors (usually preventable). OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of professional, organisational and structural interventions compared to standard care to reduce preventable medication errors by primary healthcare professionals that lead to hospital admissions, emergency department visits, and mortality in adults...
October 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970452/defining-the-role-of-the-pharmacy-technician-and-identifying-their-future-role-in-medicines-optimisation
#11
Melanie Boughen, Jane Sutton, Tess Fenn, David Wright
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, pharmacy technicians have worked alongside pharmacists in community and hospital pharmacy. Changes within pharmacy provide opportunity for role expansion and with no apparent career pathway, there is a need to define the current pharmacy technician role and role in medicines optimisation. AIM: To capture the current roles of pharmacy technicians and identify how their future role will contribute to medicines optimisation. METHODS: Following ethical approval and piloting, an online survey to ascertain pharmacy technicians' views about their roles was undertaken...
July 15, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961256/healthcare-professionals-sources-of-knowledge-of-complementary-medicine-in-an-academic-center
#12
Eleonore Aveni, Brent Bauer, Anne-Sylvie Ramelet, Isabelle Decosterd, Pierluigi Ballabeni, Eric Bonvin, Pierre-Yves Rodondi
BACKGROUND: Complementary medicine (CM) is utilized in a growing number of academic centers despite the debate concerning its value, risks and benefits. Healthcare professionals often feel uncomfortable discussing CM with patients, and little is known about their sources of knowledge in the field of CM. OBJECTIVE: To assess healthcare professionals' sources of knowledge and attitude toward CM in an academic hospital. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: The cross-sectional web-based survey took place from October to December 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956968/the-fundamental-managerial-challenges-in-the-role-of-a-contemporary-district-nurse-a-discussion
#13
Florence McComiskey
This article examines some of the fundamental challenges facing the district nurse in delivery of the managerial aspects of her role in contemporary practice. It discusses the personal attributes that are essential for this role to ensure safe, effective and compassionate leadership and management. The communication skills and ethos underpinning collaborative multidiscilplinary team work and person-centred care are discussed. Issues that compromise positive and productive team working are identified, and strategies dealing with conflict and also change management are debated...
October 2, 2017: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954361/-introduction-and-development-of-modern-western-medicine-into-chaoshan-chaozhou-shantou-area
#14
J H Wang
Shantou was opened officially in 1861. Willian Gauld, a doctor of British Presbyterian arrived in Shantou in 1863 topractisemedicine and missionary work, and set up the Medical Missionary Hospital. Since then, western medicine began to enter the Chaoshan area. Hereafter, the American Baptists, the Japanese Hakuai Society and the French Catholic Church also entered successively into the Chaoshan area, and the hospitals of western medicine were founded. At the same time, local organizations and individuals of the Chaoshan area also established western medical institutions...
July 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953800/perception-of-body-image-in-early-adolescence-an-investigation-in-secondary-schools
#15
Maria Rosaria Juli
INTRODUCTION: The clinical evidence shows that the onset of eating disorders is increasing in the prepubescent phase or even in childhood. Already starting from the prepubescence the certainties related to the body start to unwind and the individual is encouraged to build new ones, based both on the anatomic transformation of his/her own body and on the social expectation according to the identity. The onset of a Eating Disorders is normally between 13 and 25 years, but in the last years we recorded a lowering in the onset threshold to an age between 11 and 13 years, with some earlier cases at 7 years (Franzoni et al...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940536/patient-value-perspectives-from-the-advocacy-community
#16
REVIEW
Bonnie J Addario, Ana Fadich, Jesme Fox, Linda Krebs, Deborah Maskens, Kathy Oliver, Erin Schwartz, Gilliosa Spurrier-Bernard, Timothy Turnham
All health-care systems are under financial pressure and many have therefore developed value frameworks to assist decision making regarding access to treatment. Unfortunately, many frameworks simply reflect the clinically focused values held by health-care professionals rather than outcomes that also matter to patients. It is difficult to define one single homogeneous set of patient values as these are shaped by social, religious and cultural factors, and health-care environment, as well as many factors such as age, gender, education, family and friends and personal finances...
September 20, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938180/-asking-the-hard-questions-improving-midwifery-students-confidence-with-domestic-violence-screening-in-pregnancy
#17
Rachel Smith, Raechel Wight, Caroline S E Homer
Domestic violence is a global public health issue. Midwives are ideally placed to screen for, and respond to, disclosure of domestic violence. Qualified midwives and midwifery students report a lack of preparedness and low levels of confidence in working with women who disclose domestic violence. This paper reports the findings from an education intervention designed to increase midwifery students' confidence in working with pregnant women who disclose domestic violence. An authentic practice video and associated interactive workshop was developed to bring the 'woman' into the classroom and to provide role-modelling of exemplary midwifery practice in screening for and responding to disclosure of domestic violence...
May 22, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938102/self-management-support-at-the-end-of-life-patients-carers-and-professionals-perspectives-on-managing-medicines
#18
N Campling, A Richardson, M Mulvey, M Bennett, B Johnston, S Latter
BACKGROUND: Pain is a frequently reported symptom by patients approaching the end of life and well-established that patients and carers hold fears relating to opioids, and experience side effects related to their use. The management of medicines is intrinsic to achieving effective pain relief. The concept of self-management support whilst well characterised in the context of chronic illness has not been elaborated with respect to end of life care. AIM: To identify patient, carer and professional views on the concept of self-management support at end of life, specifically in relation to analgesia and related medicines (for side-effect management) in order to describe, characterise and explain self-management support in this context...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932170/a-cross-sectional-study-on-nursing-process-implementation-and-associated-factors-among-nurses-working-in-selected-hospitals-of-central-and-northwest-zones-tigray-region-ethiopia
#19
Zeray Baraki, Fiseha Girmay, Kalayou Kidanu, Hadgu Gerensea, Dejen Gezehgne, Hafte Teklay
BACKGROUND: The nursing process is a systematic method of planning, delivering, and evaluating individualized care for clients in any state of health or illness. Many countries have adopted the nursing process as the standard of care to guide nursing practice; however, the problem is its implementation. If nurses fail to carry out the necessary nursing care through the nursing process; the effectiveness of patient progress may be compromised and can lead to preventable adverse events...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929898/five-opportunities-for-healthcare-leaders-to-better-support-person-and-family-centred-care-in-long-term-care-settings
#20
Danielle Bender, Kai Yan Grace Lui, Paul Holyoke
The benefits of Person- and Family-Centred Care (PFCC) are well documented, and many healthcare organizations have expressed their commitment to take this approach. Yet, it can be a difficult endeavour, with common barriers identified at the point-of-care, organizational and system levels. We implemented a PFCC education program with healthcare leaders, providers, and support staff working in home, community, and long-term care organizations across Canada. Focus groups were then conducted with almost 200 workshop participants and 20 long-term care home residents and family members...
January 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
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