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Stem cell,hydrogel,scaffold

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346796/harnessing-external-cues-development-and-evaluation-of-an-in-vitro-culture-system-for-osteochondral-tissue-engineering
#1
Deborah L Dorcemus, Eve O George, Caroline N Dealy, Syam P Nukavarapu
Over the last decade, engineered structures have been developed for osteochondral (OC) tissue regeneration. While the optimal structure design is yet to be determined, these scaffolds require in vitro evaluation before clinical use. However, the means by which complex scaffolds, such as OC scaffolds, can be tested are limited. Taking advantage of a mesenchymal stem cell's (MSC's) ability to respond to its surrounding we harness external cues, such as the cell's mechanical environment and delivered factors, to create an in vitro culture system for OC tissue engineering with a single cell source on a gradient yet integrated scaffold system...
March 24, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322510/rational-design-of-a-conductive-collagen-heart-patch
#2
Peter C Sherrell, Artur Cieślar-Pobuda, Malin Silverå Ejneby, Laura Sammalisto, Amy Gelmi, Ebo de Muinck, Johan Brask, Marek J Łos, Mehrdad Rafat
Cardiovascular diseases, including myocardial infarction, are the cause of significant morbidity and mortality globally. Tissue engineering is a key emerging treatment method for supporting and repairing the cardiac scar tissue caused by myocardial infarction. Creating cell supportive scaffolds that can be directly implanted on a myocardial infarct is an attractive solution. Hydrogels made of collagen are highly biocompatible materials that can be molded into a range of shapes suitable for cardiac patch applications...
March 21, 2017: Macromolecular Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315501/mechanical-properties-and-biocompatibility-of-in-situ-enzymatically-cross-linked-gelatin-hydrogels
#3
Nada Z Alarake, Patrick Frohberg, Thomas Groth, Markus Pietzsch
OBJECTIVES: Gelatin, a degraded collagen, has been widely used as a scaffolding material in tissue engineering applications. In this work, we aimed at the development of in situ, cross-linking, cytocompatible hydrogels by the use of transglutaminase as a cross-linker for potential application in the regeneration of tissues. METHODS: Hydrogels were prepared from gelatin of different concentrations and bloom degree (175 (G175) or 300 (G300) bloom gelatin) and cross-linked with various amounts of microbial transglutaminase (mTG) at 37°C...
March 18, 2017: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303152/promising-therapeutic-strategies-for-mesenchymal-stem-cell-based-cardiovascular-regeneration-from-cell-priming-to-tissue-engineering
#4
REVIEW
Seung Taek Ji, Hyunyun Kim, Jisoo Yun, Joo Seop Chung, Sang-Mo Kwon
The primary cause of death among chronic diseases worldwide is ischemic cardiovascular diseases, such as stroke and myocardial infarction. Recent evidence indicates that adult stem cell therapies involving cardiovascular regeneration represent promising strategies to treat cardiovascular diseases. Owing to their immunomodulatory properties and vascular repair capabilities, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are strong candidate therapeutic stem cells for use in cardiovascular regeneration. However, major limitations must be overcome, including their very low survival rate in ischemic lesion...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300264/integration-of-stem-cell-derived-exosomes-with-in-situ-hydrogel-glue-as-a-promising-tissue-patch-for-articular-cartilage-regeneration
#5
Xiaolin Liu, Yunlong Yang, Yan Li, Xin Niu, Bizeng Zhao, Yang Wang, Chunyan Bao, Zongping Xie, Qiuning Lin, Linyong Zhu
The regeneration of articular cartilage, which scarcely shows innate self-healing ability, is a great challenge in clinical treatment. Stem cell-derived exosomes (SC-Exos), an important type of extracellular nanovesicle, exhibit great potential for cartilage regeneration to replace stem cell-based therapy. Cartilage regeneration often takes a relatively long time and there is currently no effective administration method to durably retain exosomes at cartilage defect sites to effectively exert their reparative effect...
March 16, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296144/aligned-poly-%C3%AE%C2%B5-caprolactone-nanofibers-guide-the-orientation-and-migration-of-human-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-neurons-astrocytes-and-oligodendrocyte-precursor-cells-in-vitro
#6
Anu Hyysalo, Mervi Ristola, Tiina Joki, Mari Honkanen, Minnamari Vippola, Susanna Narkilahti
Stem cell transplantations for spinal cord injury (SCI) have been studied extensively for the past decade in order to replace the damaged tissue with human pluripotent stem cell (hPSC)-derived neural cells. Transplanted cells may, however, benefit from supporting and guiding structures or scaffolds in order to remain viable and integrate into the host tissue. Biomaterials can be used as supporting scaffolds, as they mimic the characteristics of the natural cellular environment. In this study, hPSC-derived neurons, astrocytes, and oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) are cultured on aligned poly(ε-caprolactone) nanofiber platforms, which guide cell orientation to resemble that of spinal cord in vivo...
March 15, 2017: Macromolecular Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290232/retention-of-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-hips-with-injectable-ha-hydrogels-for-vocal-fold-engineering
#7
Mitsuyoshi Imaizumi, Nicole Y K Li-Jessen, Yuka Sato, David T Yang, Susan L Thibeault
OBJECTIVE: One prospective treatment option for vocal fold scarring is regeneration with an engineered scaffold containing induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS). In the present study, we investigated the feasibility of utilizing an injectable hyaluronic acid (HA) scaffold encapsulated with human-iPS cell (hiPS) for regeneration of vocal folds. METHODS: Thirty athymic nude rats underwent unilateral vocal fold injury. Contralateral vocal folds served as uninjured controls...
April 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285576/decellularized-bone-extracellular-matrix-and-human-dental-pulp-stem-cells-as-a-construct-for-bone-regeneration
#8
Francesco Paduano, Massimo Marrelli, Noura Alom, Mahetab Amer, Lisa J White, Kevin M Shakesheff, Marco Tatullo
Dental pulp tissue represents a source of mesenchymal stem cells that have a strong differentiation potential towards the osteogenic lineage. The objective of the current study was to examine in vitro osteogenic induction of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) cultured on hydrogel scaffolds derived from decellularized bone extracellular matrix (bECM) compared to collagen type I (Col-I), the major component of bone matrix. DPSCs in combination with bECM hydrogels were cultured under three different conditions: basal medium, osteogenic medium and medium supplemented with growth factors (GFs) and cell growth, mineral deposition, gene and protein expression were investigated...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283218/long-term-performance-evaluation-of-small-diameter-vascular-grafts-based-on-polyvinyl-alcohol-hydrogel-and-dextran-and-mscs-based-therapies-using-the-ovine-pre-clinical-animal-model
#9
Nuno Alexandre, Irina Amorim, Ana Rita Caseiro, Tiago Pereira, Rui Alvites, Alexandra Rêma, Ana Gonçalves, Guilherme Valadares, Elísio Costa, Alice Santos-Silva, Miguel Rodrigues, Maria Ascensão Lopes, André Almeida, José Domingos Santos, Ana Colette Maurício, Ana Lúcia Luís
The functional and structural performance of a 5cm synthetic small diameter vascular graft (SDVG) produced by the copolymerization of polyvinyl alcohol hydrogel with low molecular weight dextran (PVA/Dx graft) associated to mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs)-based therapies and anticoagulant treatment with heparin, clopidogrel and warfarin was tested using the ovine model during the healing period of 24 weeks. The results were compared to the ones obtained with standard expanded polyetetrafluoroethylene grafts (ePTFE graft)...
March 7, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280669/in-vivo-chondrogenesis-in-3d-bioprinted-human-cell-laden-hydrogel-constructs
#10
Thomas Möller, Matteo Amoroso, Daniel Hägg, Camilla Brantsing, Nicole Rotter, Peter Apelgren, Anders Lindahl, Lars Kölby, Paul Gatenholm
BACKGROUND: The three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting technology allows creation of 3D constructs in a layer-by-layer fashion utilizing biologically relevant materials such as biopolymers and cells. The aim of this study is to investigate the use of 3D bioprinting in a clinically relevant setting to evaluate the potential of this technique for in vivo chondrogenesis. METHODS: Thirty-six nude mice (Balb-C, female) received a 5- × 5- × 1-mm piece of bioprinted cell-laden nanofibrillated cellulose/alginate construct in a subcutaneous pocket...
February 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259835/scaffolds-for-3d-in-vitro-culture-of-neural-lineage-cells
#11
REVIEW
Ashley R Murphy, Andrew Laslett, Carmel M O'Brien, Neil R Cameron
Understanding how neurodegenerative disorders develop is not only a key challenge for researchers but also for the wider society, given the rapidly aging populations in developed countries. Advances in this field require new tools with which to recreate neural tissue in vitro and produce realistic disease models. This in turn requires robust and reliable systems for performing 3D in vitro culture of neural lineage cells. This review provides a state of the art update on three-dimensional culture systems for in vitro development of neural tissue, employing a wide range of scaffold types including hydrogels, solid porous polymers, fibrous materials and decellularised tissues as well as microfluidic devices and lab-on-a-chip systems...
March 1, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244684/sustained-release-of-parathyroid-hormone-via-in-situ-crosslinking-gelatin-hydrogels-improves-the-therapeutic-potential-of-tonsil-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-for-hypoparathyroidism
#12
Yoon Shin Park, Yunki Lee, Yoon Mi Jin, Gyungah Kim, Sung Chul Jung, Yoon Jeong Park, Ki Dong Park, Inho Jo
Biomimetic parathyroid regeneration with sustained release of parathyroid hormone (PTH) into the blood stream is a considerable challenge in hypoparathyroidism treatment. We recently reported that tonsil-derived mesenchymal stem cells (TMSC), if these cells were both differentiated in vitro before implantation and incorporated into a scaffold Matrigel, are a good cell source for parathyroid regeneration in a parathyroidectomized (PTX) animal model. Here, we present a new strategy for improved clinical application that enhances the sustained release of PTH by controlling mechanical stiffness using in situ-forming gelatin-hydroxyphenyl propionic acid (GH) hydrogels (GHH)...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243750/-the-emerging-technology-of-tissue-engineering-focus-on-stem-cell-niche
#13
U Schlötzer-Schrehardt, U Freudenberg, F E Kruse
Limbal stem cells reside in a highly specialized complex microenvironment that is known as the stem cell niche, an anatomically protected region at the bottom of the Palisades of Vogt, where the stem cells are located and where their quiescence, proliferation and differentiation are maintained in balance. Besides the epithelial stem and progenitor cell clusters, the limbal niche comprises several types of supporting niche cells and a specific extracellular matrix mediating biochemical and biophysical signals...
February 27, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238143/electrospun-nanofiber-scaffolds-and-their-hydrogel-composites-for-the-engineering-and-regeneration-of-soft-tissues
#14
Ohan S Manoukian, Rita Matta, Justin Letendre, Paige Collins, Augustus D Mazzocca, Sangamesh G Kumbar
Electrospinning has emerged as a simple, elegant, and scalable technique that can be used to fabricate polymeric nanofibers. Pure polymers as well as blends and composites of both natural and synthetic ones have been successfully electrospun into nanofiber matrices for many biomedical applications. Tissue-engineered medical implants, such as polymeric nanofiber scaffolds, are potential alternatives to autografts and allografts, which are short in supply and carry risks of disease transmission. These scaffolds have been used to engineer various soft tissues, including connective tissues, such as skin, ligament, and tendon, as well as nonconnective ones, such as vascular, muscle, and neural tissue...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220995/development-of-hydrogels-for-regenerative-engineering
#15
REVIEW
Xiaofei Guan, Meltem Avci-Adali, Emine Alarçin, Hao Cheng, Sara Saheb Kashaf, Yuxiao Li, Aditya Chawla, Hae Lin Jang, Ali Khademhosseini
The aim of regenerative engineering is to restore complex tissues and biological systems through convergence in the fields of advanced biomaterials, stem cell science, and developmental biology. Hydrogels are one of the most attractive biomaterials for regenerative engineering, since they can be engineered into tissue mimetic 3D scaffolds to support cell growth due to their similarity to native extracellular matrix. Advanced nano- and micro-technologies have dramatically increased the ability to control properties and functionalities of hydrogel materials by facilitating biomimetic fabrication of more sophisticated compositions and architectures, thus extending our understanding of cell-matrix interactions at the nanoscale...
February 21, 2017: Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216298/cell-instructive-starpeg-heparin-collagen-composite-matrices
#16
Marcus Binner, Laura J Bray, Jens Friedrichs, Uwe Freudenberg, Mikhail V Tsurkan, Carsten Werner
Polymer hydrogels can be readily modulated with regard to their physical properties and functionalized to recapitulate molecular cues of the extracellular matrix (ECM). However, they remain structurally different from the hierarchical supramolecular assemblies of natural ECM. Accordingly, we herein report a set of hydrogel composite materials made from starPEG-peptide conjugates, maleimide-functionalized heparin and collagen type I that combine semisynthetic and ECM-derived components. Collagen fibrillogenesis was controlled by temperature and collagen concentration to form collagen microstructures which were then homogeneously distributed within the 3D composite matrix during hydrogel formation...
February 16, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211875/a-hyaluronan-hydrogel-scaffold-based-xeno-free-culture-system-for-ex-vivo-expansion-of-human-corneal-epithelial-stem-cells
#17
D Chen, Y Qu, X Hua, L Zhang, Z Liu, S C Pflugfelder, D-Q Li
PurposeTo develop a hyaluronan hydrogel scaffold-based xeno-free culture system for ex vivo cultivation of human corneal epithelial stem cells (CESCs).Patients and MethodsCESCs were cultivated from donor limbal explants on the HyStem-C Hydrogel bio-scaffold in 12-well plates for 3 weeks. Group A used the traditional supplemented hormonal epidermal medium (SHEM) and group B used the defined SHEM (without fetal bovine serum and toxin A, adding 20% serum replacement). The growth and morphology of the cultured cells were assessed by phase contrast microscope...
February 17, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193542/sulfated-hyaluronic-acid-hydrogels-with-retarded-degradation-and-enhanced-growth-factor-retention-promote-hmsc-chondrogenesis-and-articular-cartilage-integrity-with-reduced-hypertrophy
#18
Qian Feng, Sien Lin, Kunyu Zhang, Chaoqun Dong, Tianyi Wu, Heqin Huang, Xiaohui Yan, Li Zhang, Gang Li, Liming Bian
Recently, hyaluronic acid (HA) hydrogels have been extensively researched for delivering cells and drugs to repair damaged tissues, particularly articular cartilage. However, the in vivo degradation of HA is fast, thus limiting the clinical translation of HA hydrogels. Furthermore, HA cannot bind proteins with high affinity because of the lack of negatively charged sulfate groups. In this study, we conjugated sulfate groups to HA. These sulfated HA exhibit significantly slower degradation by hyaluronidase compared to the wild type HA...
February 10, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165664/hydrogel-derived-from-decellularized-porcine-adipose-tissue-as-a-promising-biomaterial-for-soft-tissue-augmentation
#19
Qiu-Wen Tan, Yi Zhang, Jing-Cong Luo, Di Zhang, Bin-Jun Xiong, Ji-Qiao Yang, Hui-Qi Xie, Qing Lv
Decellularized extracellular matrix (ECM) scaffolds from human adipose tissue, characterized by impressive adipogenic induction ability, are promising for soft tissue augmentation. However, scaffolds from autologous human adipose tissue are limited by the availability of tissue resources and the time necessary for scaffold fabrication. The objective of the current study was to investigate the adipogenic properties of hydrogels of decellularized porcine adipose tissue (HDPA). HDPA induced the adipogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) in vitro, with significantly increased expression of adipogenic genes...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161663/is-there-a-cause-and-effect-relationship-between-physicochemical-properties-and-cell-behavior-of-alginate-based-hydrogel-obtained-after-sterilization
#20
Hao Yu, Ghislaine Cauchois, Jean-François Schmitt, Nicolas Louvet, Jean-Luc Six, Yun Chen, Rachid Rahouadj, Céline Huselstein
Alginate-based hydrogel scaffolds are widely used in the field of cartilage regeneration and repair. If the effect of autoclaving on the alginate powder is well known, it is not the same for the possible effects of the sterilization UV treatment on the properties of the hydrogel after polymerization. To select an effective sterilization treatment of alginate-based materials, one must find what are inter-relationship between the characteristics (chemical, physical and mechanical) of alginate-based hydrogel during sterilization, and what consequences have affected on cell behavior...
January 25, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
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