keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Acutely ill

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452428/illness-severity-predicts-death-and-brain-injury-in-asphyxiated-newborns-treated-with-hypothermia
#1
Hui Wang, Marc Beltempo, Emmanouil Rampakakis, Priscille-Nice Sanon, Stephanie Barbosa Vargas, Julie Maluorni, Christine Saint-Martin, Pia Wintermark
OBJECTIVE: To determine if illness severity during the first days of life predicts adverse outcome in asphyxiated newborns treated with hypothermia. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of asphyxiated newborns treated with hypothermia. Illness severity was calculated daily during the first 4 days of life using the Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology II (SNAP-II score). Adverse outcome (death and/or brain injury) was recorded. Differences in SNAP-II scores between the newborns with and without adverse outcome were assessed...
February 16, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452109/dengue-infection-in-patients-with-febrile-illness-and-its-relationship-to-climate-factors-a-case-study-in-the-city-of-jeddah-saudi-arabia-for-the-period-2010-2014
#2
Anwar M Hashem, Turki Abujamel, Rowa Alhabbab, Mansour Almazroui, Esam I Azhar
Dengue is an important global arboviral disease with expanding geographical range. It is a major public health concern in Western Saudi Arabia since its first detection in the city of Jeddah in 1994. In this retrospective study, we examined dengue incidence among febrile patients suspected for acute dengue infection at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah from 2010 to 2014 and we tried to determine the effect of climate factors on dengue incidence in the city. Acute dengue incidence rates among clinically suspected patients showed annual variation with a range from 29...
February 13, 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451943/dual-diagnosis-and-total-hip-arthroplasty
#3
Mitchell R Klement, Brian T Nickel, Abiram Bala, Colin T Penrose, Cynthia L Green, Samuel S Wellman, Michael P Bolognesi, Thorsten M Seyler
The co-occurrence of a mental illness and a substance abuse disorder (SUD) is common and has been referred to as a "dual diagnosis" (DD). Although studies have independently investigated mental illness alone and SUD alone, few have examined the effects of these entities combined on complications. A search of the Medicare database from 2005 to 2012 identified 2000 DD patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty (THA). They were compared with 86,976 patients with mental illness only and 590,689 controls (no mental illness or SUD)...
February 16, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450593/comparison-of-european-icu-patients-in-2012-icon-versus-2002-soap
#4
Jean-Louis Vincent, Jean-Yves Lefrant, Katarzyna Kotfis, Rahul Nanchal, Ignacio Martin-Loeches, Xavier Wittebole, Samir G Sakka, Peter Pickkers, Rui Moreno, Yasser Sakr
PURPOSE: To evaluate differences in the characteristics and outcomes of intensive care unit (ICU) patients over time. METHODS: We reviewed all epidemiological data, including comorbidities, types and severity of organ failure, interventions, lengths of stay and outcome, for patients from the Sepsis Occurrence in Acutely ill Patients (SOAP) study, an observational study conducted in European intensive care units in 2002, and the Intensive Care Over Nations (ICON) audit, a survey of intensive care unit patients conducted in 2012...
February 15, 2018: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450198/parvovirus-b19-what-is-the-relevance-in-transfusion-medicine
#5
REVIEW
David Juhl, Holger Hennig
Parvovirus B19 (B19V) has been discovered in 1975. The association with a disease was unclear in the first time after the discovery of B19V, but meanwhile, the usually droplet transmitted B19V is known as the infectious agent of the "fifth disease," a rather harmless children's illness. But B19V infects erythrocyte progenitor cells and thus, acute B19V infection in patients with a high erythrocyte turnover may lead to a life-threatening aplastic crisis, and acutely infected pregnant women can transmit B19V to their unborn child, resulting in a hydrops fetalis and fetal death...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449287/global-influenza-hospital-based-surveillance-network-gihsn-results-of-surveillance-of-influenza-and-other-respiratory-viruses-in-hospitalised-patients-in-brazil-2015
#6
Sonia M Raboni, Fernanda E A Moura, Braulia C Caetano, Valéria M Avanzi, Luciane A Pereira, Meri B Nogueira, Luine R Vidal, Isabel C F Tavares, Florence K Pradel, Valentina S Picot, Joan Puig-Barbera, Marilda M Siqueira
BACKGROUND: Influenza-like illness occurs annually worldwide, with peak timing and severity varying seasonally, resulting in significant annual mortality. OBJECTIVES: There were three objectives: (1) to describe the epidemiological and clinical features of hospitalised patients with severe acute respiratory infection caused by influenza and other respiratory viruses (ORVs); (2) to report the influenza seasonality in the region and (3) to correlate findings of influenza circulation and immunisation time in Brazil...
February 15, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448936/chitinase-3-like-1-is-a-biomarker-of-acute-kidney-injury-and-mortality-in-paediatric-severe-malaria
#7
Andrea L Conroy, Michael T Hawkes, Robyn Elphinstone, Robert O Opoka, Sophie Namasopo, Christopher Miller, Chandy C John, Kevin C Kain
BACKGROUND: Chitinase-3-like 1 (CHI3L1) is a glycoprotein elevated in paediatric severe malaria, and an emerging urinary biomarker of acute kidney injury (AKI). Based on the hypothesis that elevated CHI3L1 levels in malaria are associated with disease severity, the relationship between plasma CHI3L1 levels, AKI and mortality was investigated in Ugandan children enrolled in a clinical trial evaluating inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) as an adjunctive therapy for severe malaria. METHODS: Plasma CHI3L1 levels were measured daily for 4 days in children admitted to hospital with severe malaria and at day 14 follow up...
February 15, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447291/associations-between-physician-home-visits-for-the-dying-and-place-of-death-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Peter Tanuseputro, Sarah Beach, Mathieu Chalifoux, Walter P Wodchis, Amy T Hsu, Hsien Seow, Douglas G Manuel
BACKGROUND: While most individuals wish to die at home, the reality is that most will die in hospital. AIM: To determine whether receiving a physician home visit near the end-of-life is associated with lower odds of death in a hospital. DESIGN: Observational retrospective cohort study, examining location of death and health care in the last year of life. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Population-level study of Ontarians, a Canadian province with over 13 million residents...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447255/hydroxyethyl-starch-for-volume-expansion-after-subarachnoid-haemorrhage-and-renal-function-results-of-a-retrospective-analysis
#9
Sven Bercker, Tanja Winkelmann, Thilo Busch, Sven Laudi, Dirk Lindner, Jürgen Meixensberger
BACKGROUND: Hydroxyethyl starch (HES) was part of "triple-H" therapy for prophylaxis and therapy of vasospasm in patients with subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). The European Medicines Agency restricted the use of HES in 2013 due to an increase of renal failure in critically ill patients receiving HES compared to crystalloid fluids. The occurrence of renal insufficiency in patients with SAH due to HES is still uncertain. The purpose of our study was to evaluate whether there was an association with renal impairment in patients receiving HES after subarachnoid haemorrhage...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447223/virome-and-bacteriome-characterization-of-children-with-pneumonia-and-asthma-in-mexico-city-during-winter-seasons-2014-and-2015
#10
Jose A Romero-Espinoza, Yazmin Moreno-Valencia, Rodrigo H Coronel-Tellez, Manuel Castillejos-Lopez, Andres Hernandez, Aaron Dominguez, Angel Miliar-Garcia, Arturo Barbachano-Guerrero, Rogelio Perez-Padilla, Alejandro Alejandre-Garcia, Joel A Vazquez-Perez
BACKGROUND: Acute asthma exacerbations and pneumonia are important causes of morbidity and mortality in children and may coexist in the same children, although symptom overlap may lead to difficulties in diagnosis. Microbial and viral diversity and differential abundance of either may play an important role in infection susceptibility and the development of acute and chronic respiratory diseases. OBJECTIVES: To describe the virome and bacteriome present in the upper respiratory tract of hospitalized children with a clinical diagnosis of asthma and pneumonia during an acute exacerbation and an acute respiratory illness ARI episode respectively...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447205/aggressive-fluid-accumulation-is-associated-with-acute-kidney-injury-and-mortality-in-a-cohort-of-patients-with-severe-pneumonia-caused-by-influenza-a-h1n1-virus
#11
Gustavo Alejandro Casas-Aparicio, Isabel León-Rodríguez, Rafael de Jesús Hernández-Zenteno, Manuel Castillejos-López, Claudia Alvarado-de la Barrera, Christopher E Ormsby, Gustavo Reyes-Terán
INTRODUCTION: Fluid accumulation is associated with adverse outcomes such as acute kidney injury (AKI) in critically ill patients. This study aimed to describe the factors associated with AKI in individuals with influenza A H1N1 severe pneumonia, and explore the relation of fluid accumulation with AKI and mortality. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reviewed medical records of individuals with influenza A H1N1 severe pneumonia and no history of chronic kidney disease, attending a national referral center for respiratory diseases between November 2014 and May 2015...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447181/innate-immune-responses-following-kawasaki-disease-and-toxic-shock-syndrome
#12
Katherine Y H Chen, Nicole Messina, Susie Germano, Rhian Bonnici, Bridget Freyne, Michael Cheung, Greta Goldsmith, Tobias R Kollmann, Michael Levin, David Burgner, Nigel Curtis
The pathogenesis of Kawasaki disease (KD) remains unknown and there is accumulating evidence for the importance of the innate immune system in initiating and mediating the host inflammatory response. We compared innate immune responses in KD and toxic shock syndrome (TSS) participants more than two years after their acute illness with control participants to investigate differences in their immune phenotype. Toxic shock syndrome shares many clinical features with KD; by including both disease groups we endeavoured to explore changes in innate immune responses following acute inflammatory illnesses more broadly...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447141/interim-estimates-of-2017-18-seasonal-influenza-vaccine-effectiveness-united-states-february-2018
#13
Brendan Flannery, Jessie R Chung, Edward A Belongia, Huong Q McLean, Manjusha Gaglani, Kempapura Murthy, Richard K Zimmerman, Mary Patricia Nowalk, Michael L Jackson, Lisa A Jackson, Arnold S Monto, Emily T Martin, Angie Foust, Wendy Sessions, LaShondra Berman, John R Barnes, Sarah Spencer, Alicia M Fry
In the United States, annual vaccination against seasonal influenza is recommended for all persons aged ≥6 months (1). During each influenza season since 2004-05, CDC has estimated the effectiveness of seasonal influenza vaccine to prevent laboratory-confirmed influenza associated with medically attended acute respiratory illness (ARI). This report uses data from 4,562 children and adults enrolled in the U.S. Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness Network (U.S. Flu VE Network) during November 2, 2017-February 3, 2018...
February 16, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446865/european-guidance-on-paediatric-use-of-probiotics-states-that-benefits-are-limited-to-several-conditions-and-urges-caution-with-specific-vulnerable-groups
#14
REVIEW
Iva Hojsak, Valentina Fabiano, Tudor Lucian Pop, Olivier Goulet, Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti, Fugen Cullu Çokuğraş, Massimo Pettoello-Mantovani, Sanja Kolaček
AIM: The use of probiotics has been covered by many guidelines, position papers and evidence-based recommendations, but few have referred to specific patient groups or clinical indications. This European study summarises recommendations and scientifically credited guidelines on the use of probiotics for children and provides practice points. METHODS: An expert panel was convened by the European Paediatric Association in June 2017 to define the relevant clinical questions for using probiotics in paediatric healthcare and review and summarise the guidelines, recommendations, position papers and high-quality evidence...
February 15, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446707/arsenic-cadmium-and-mercury-induced-hypertension-mechanisms-and-epidemiological-findings
#15
Airton da Cunha Martins, Maria Fernanda Hornos Carneiro, Denise Grotto, Joseph A Adeyemi, Fernando Barbosa
Arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), and mercury (Hg) are toxic elements widely distributed in the environment. Exposure to these elements was attributed to produce several acute and chronic illnesses including hypertension. The aim of this review is to provide a summary of the most frequently proposed mechanisms underlying hypertension associated with As, Cd, and Hg exposure including: oxidative stress, impaired nitric oxide (NO) signaling, modified vascular response to neurotransmitters and disturbed vascular muscle Ca 2+ signaling, renal damage, and interference with the renin-angiotensin system...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446483/adenovirus-types-associated-with-severe-respiratory-diseases-a-retrospective-four-year-study-in-kuwait
#16
Wassim Chehadeh, Anfal Al-Adwani, Sonia Elezebeth John, Shaikhah Al-Dhufairi, Hessa Al-Dousari, Maha Alkhaledi, Widad Al-Nakib
Human adenovirus (HAdV) infection can result in a severe respiratory disease. The aim of this study was to identify HAdV types detected in patients hospitalized for severe respiratory illness. The study population consisted of 743 patients with severe respiratory disease admitted to four major hospitals in Kuwait between January 2013 and December 2016. Respiratory specimens were retrospectively screened for 20 respiratory viruses by real-time PCR. The HAdV hexon gene was amplified and directly sequenced, and HAdV types were identified by performing Bayesian phylogenetic analysis...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446231/estimating-the-burden-of-influenza-associated-hospitalizations-and-deaths-in-chile-during-2012-2014
#17
Viviana Sotomayor, Rodrigo A Fasce, Natalia Vergara, Felipe De la Fuente, Sergio Loayza, Rakhee Palekar
BACKGROUND: Influenza is a vaccine preventable disease that causes important morbidity and mortality worldwide. Estimating the burden of influenza disease is difficult. However, there are some methods based in surveillance data and laboratory testing that can be used for this purpose. OBJECTIVES: Estimating the burden of serious illness from influenza by means of hospitalization and death records during the period between 2012 and 2014, and using information from Severe Acute Respiratory Illness (SARI) surveillance...
February 14, 2018: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445884/acute-kidney-injury-epidemiology-risk-factors-and-outcomes-in-critically-ill-patients-16-25-years-of-age-treated-in-an-adult-intensive-care-unit
#18
Dana Y Fuhrman, Sandra Kane-Gill, Stuart L Goldstein, Priyanka Priyanka, John A Kellum
BACKGROUND: Most studies of acute kidney injury (AKI) have focused on older adults, and little is known about AKI in young adults (16-25 years) that are cared for in an adult intensive care unit (ICU). We analyzed data from a large single-center ICU database and defined AKI using the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes criteria. We stratified patients 16-55 years of age into four age groups for comparison and used multivariable logistic regression to identify associations of potential susceptibilities and exposures with AKI and mortality...
February 14, 2018: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445536/predictors-of-long-term-adherence-to-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-and-acute-coronary-syndrome
#19
Marina Florés, Montserrat Martinez-Alonso, Alicia Sánchezde-la-Torre, Albina Aldomà, Estefania Galera, Ferran Barbé, Manuel Sánchezde-la-Torre, Mireia Dalmases
Background: Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is an effective treatment for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), but an evaluation of CPAP adherence is rarely carried out among patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The goals of the study are to analyse long-term adherence and identify the predictors of non-compliance with CPAP treatment for patients with non-sleepy OSA and ACS. Methods: This is an ancillary study of the ISAACC study, which is a multicentre, prospective, open-label, parallel, randomized, and controlled trial (NCT01335087) in patients with hospital admission for ACS...
January 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445507/development-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-cornell-assessment-of-pediatric-delirium
#20
Haruhiko Hoshino, Yujiro Matsuishi, Nobutake Shimojo, Yuki Enomoto, Takahiro Kido, Yoshiaki Inoue
Aim: Delirium is a form of acute cerebral dysfunction and is associated with increased length of hospital stay, mortality, and health-care costs for adult patients in intensive care. However, in Japan, there are currently no reliable criteria or tools for diagnosing delirium in critically ill pediatric patients. The purpose of this study was to translate the Cornell Assessment of Pediatric Delirium (CAPD)-a screening tool for pediatric delirium-from English to Japanese for use in the diagnosis of delirium for pediatric patients in pediatric intensive care units...
January 2018: Acute Medicine & Surgery
keyword
keyword
14167
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"