keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Acutely ill

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243460/update-on-current-care-guideline-neck-pain-adults
#1
(no author information available yet)
Neck pain is usually non-specific, but serious illness or specific reasons for neck pain need to be ruled out. Patients are encouraged to continue their daily activities. Acute neck pain often disappears without any special treatment. Patient information is important. If pain medication is needed, paracetamol is the primary choice. Multidisciplinary treatment is recommended if disabling pain does not improve during the first two months. Neck-specific exercises are recommended in the chronic phase.
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243406/the-national-burden-of-influenza-associated-severe-acute-respiratory-illness-hospitalization-in-zambia-2011-2014
#2
Andros Theo, Stefano Tempia, Adam L Cohen, Paul Simusika, Edward Chentulo, Chikama Mukwangole Chikamukwa, Mwaka Monze
BACKGROUND: Estimates of influenza-associated hospitalization are limited in low- and middle-income countries, especially in Africa. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the national number of influenza-associated severe acute respiratory illness (SARI) hospitalization in Zambia. METHODS: We conducted active prospective hospital-based surveillance for SARI at the University Teaching Hospital (UTH) situated in Lusaka Province during 2011-2014. Upper respiratory tract samples were tested for influenza virus using a reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction assay...
December 15, 2017: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243402/national-burden-of-hospitalized-and-non-hospitalized-influenza-associated-severe-acute-respiratory-illness-in-kenya-2012-2014
#3
Jeanette A Dawa, Sandra S Chaves, Bryan Nyawanda, Henry N Njuguna, Carolyne Makokha, Nancy A Otieno, Omu Anzala, Marc-Alain Widdowson, Gideon O Emukule
BACKGROUND: Influenza-associated respiratory illness was substantial during the emergence of the 2009 influenza pandemic. Estimates of influenza burden in the post-pandemic period are unavailable to guide Kenyan vaccine policy. OBJECTIVES: To update estimates of hospitalized and non-hospitalized influenza-associated severe acute respiratory illness (SARI) during a post-pandemic period (2012-2014) and describe the incidence of disease by narrow age categories. METHODS: We used data from Siaya County Referral Hospital to estimate age-specific base rates of SARI...
December 15, 2017: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243331/a-5-year-retrospective-audit-of-prescribing-by-a-critical-care-outreach-team
#4
Mark Wilson
UK prescribing legislation changes made in 2006 and 2012 enabled appropriately qualified nurses to prescribe any licensed medication, and all controlled drugs in schedule 2-5 of the Misuse of Drugs Regulations 2001, for any medical condition within their clinical competence. Critical Care Outreach nurses who are independent nurse prescribers are ideally placed to ensure that acutely ill patients receive treatment without delay. The perceived challenge was how Critical Care Outreach nurses would be able to safely prescribe for a diverse patient group...
December 15, 2017: Nursing in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242524/clinical-implications-of-the-plasma-epha2-receptor-level-in-critically-ill-patients-with-septic-shock
#5
Su Hwan Lee, Ju Hye Shin, Joo Han Song, Ah Young Leem, Moo Suk Park, Young Sam Kim, Joon Chang, Kyung Soo Chung
The Eph/ephrin receptor ligand system is known to play a role in inflammation induced by infection, injury, and inflammatory diseases. The present study aimed to evaluate plasma EphA2 receptor levels in critically ill patients with sepsis. This study was a prospective cohort study evaluating samples and clinical data from the medical intensive care unit (MICU) of a 2000-bed university tertiary referral hospital in South Korea. Positive correlations of the plasma EphA2 receptor level with the acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE) II score and the sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score were observed...
December 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241237/delayed-hyperbaric-intervention-in-life-threatening-decompression-illness
#6
Michael Fm Perez, Janet V Ongkeko Perez, April R Serrano, Maravic P Andal, Maria Cc Aldover
Arterial gas embolism is a catastrophic event. Bubbles in the arterial circulation may lodge in the brain and cause infarction in the affected area and/or in a coronary vessel causing acute myocardial ischaemia. There is no well-defined window of time beyond which a response to hyperbaric oxygen is not expected. Major improvement may occur if the patient is treated as soon as possible, but is less likely in divers with severe decompression illness who have delayed intervention. We report on a 51-year-old, male rebreather diver who suffered loss of consciousness and cardiovascular collapse within minutes of a 30-metre deep dive at a remote Micronesian dive site...
December 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240964/psycho-emotional-disorders-as-incoming-risk-factors-for-myocardial-infarction-with-non-obstructive-coronary-arteries
#7
Javier López-Pais, Bárbara Izquierdo Coronel, David Galán Gil, María Jesús Espinosa Pascual, Carlos Gustavo Martinez Peredo, Paula Awamleh García, Juan Górriz Magaña, Rebeca Mata Caballero, Alfonso Fraile Sanz, Javier Muñiz, Joaquín J Alonso Martín
BACKGROUND: There is an emerging field underlying the myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA). The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of psycho-emotional disorders and social habits in MINOCA patients. METHODS: The study included 95 consecutive patients diagnosed of MINOCA and 178 patients with myocardial infarction (MI) and obstructive lesions. MINOCA patients were included when they fulfilled the three main criteria: Accomplishment of the Third Universal Definition of Myocardial Infarction, absence of obstructive coronary arteries and no clinically overt specific cause for the acute presentation...
December 14, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240656/hospital-acquired-pressure-injury-risk-adjusted-comparisons-in-an-integrated-healthcare-delivery-system
#8
June Rondinelli, Stephen Zuniga, Patricia Kipnis, Lina Najib Kawar, Vincent Liu, Gabriel J Escobar
BACKGROUND: Although healthcare organizations have decreased hospital-acquired pressure injury (HAPI) rates, HAPIs are not eliminated, driving further examination in both nursing and health services research. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to describe HAPI incidence, risk factors, and risk-adjusted hospital variation within a California integrated healthcare system. METHODS: Inpatient episodes were included in this retrospective cohort if patients were hospitalized between January 1, 2013, and June 30, 2015...
January 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239951/the-clinical-utility-of-noninvasive-pulse-co-oximetry-hemoglobin-measurements-in-dark-skinned-critically-ill-patients
#9
Susan M Murphy, Shahed Omar
BACKGROUND: The primary objective of this study was to assess the clinical usefulness of a point-of-care device which measures hemoglobin noninvasively (SpHb) in a group of critically ill participants with dark skin pigmentation. METHODS: One hundred forty-six adult and pediatric participants from a multidisciplinary intensive care unit had intermittent readings of noninvasive hemoglobin measurements performed at a minimum of 4 hourly intervals. A total of 371 readings were analyzed...
December 11, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239890/omega-3-decreases-interleukin-6-levels-in-hiv-and-hhv-8-co-infected-patients-results-from-a-randomized-supplementation-trial-in-uganda
#10
Anna E Coghill, Jeanette M Schenk, Zeina Mahkoul, Jackson Orem, Warren Phipps, Corey Casper
OBJECTIVE: Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is an HIV-associated malignancy caused by human herpesvirus-8 that occurs at highest incidence in sub-Saharan Africa. KS patients often present with inflammatory symptoms associated with higher mortality. DESIGN: We conducted a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study in Uganda to test whether omega-3 (ω-3) supplementation could reduce inflammation in HIV and HHV-8 co-infected adults ≥ 18 years of age. Patients with acute illness, AIDS, or advanced KS were ineligible, as were pregnant women...
December 12, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238000/elevation-of-serum-acid-sphingomyelinase-activity-in-children-with-acute-respiratory-syncytial-virus-bronchiolitis
#11
Shuichiro Yoshida, Atsuko Noguchi, Wataru Kikuchi, Hiroshi Fukaya, Kiyoshi Igarashi, Tsutomu Takahashi
Acid sphingomyelinase (ASM) is a lysosomal enzyme that hydrolyzes sphingomyelin into ceramide, a bioactive lipid to regulate cellular physiological functions. Thus, ASM activation has been reported as a key event in pathophysiological reactions including inflammation, cytokine release, oxidative stress, and endothelial damage in human diseases. Since ASM activation is associated with extracellular ASM secretion through unknown mechanisms, it can be detected by recognizing the elevation of secretory ASM (S-ASM) activity...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237783/biographical-feature-richard-b-tom-thomson-jr-ph-d-d-abmm-f-aam
#12
Erik Munson
"The previous era was characterized by house staff laboratories in every ward, and house staff and attending physicians often spent long periods performing a diagnostic examination of the expectorated sputum specimen, which had been obtained with great care and plated for prompt incubation in incubators on the ward. Therapeutic decisions were generally based on these results. During the past 30 years, there has been a notable decline in the quality of this exercise. Some of this decline can be ascribed to the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of 1988, which required that staff have credentials to interpret Gram stains of any specimens, thus essentially eliminating the house staff laboratory...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237131/adverse-effects-of-silver-diamine-fluoride-treatment-among-preschool-children
#13
D Duangthip, M H T Fung, M C M Wong, C H Chu, E C M Lo
This randomized clinical trial aimed to compare the adverse effects and parental satisfaction following the different regimes of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) treatment among preschool children. A total of 888 preschool children who had active dentin caries received different SDF application regimes: group 1, 12% SDF applied annually; group 2, 12% SDF applied semiannually; group 3, 38% SDF applied annually; and group 4, 38% SDF applied semiannually. Information on adverse effects-including tooth or gum pain, gum swelling, gum bleaching, and systemic toxicity-was collected through a parent-reported questionnaire within 1 wk after every SDF or placebo application...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236286/corticosteroids-for-pneumonia
#14
REVIEW
Anat Stern, Keren Skalsky, Tomer Avni, Elena Carrara, Leonard Leibovici, Mical Paul
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is a common and potentially serious illness. Corticosteroids have been suggested for the treatment of different types of infection, however their role in the treatment of pneumonia remains unclear. This is an update of a review published in 2011. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of corticosteroids in the treatment of pneumonia. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Acute Respiratory Infections Group's Specialised Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, and LILACS on 3 March 2017, together with relevant conference proceedings and references of identified trials...
December 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236043/stress-induced-endocrine-and-immune-dysfunctions-in-caregivers-of-people-with-eating-disorders
#15
Ángel Romero-Martínez, Luis Moya-Albiol
Caregivers have to cope repeatedly with acute stressors in their daily lives, and this is associated with disturbances in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the immune system. Such disturbances could contribute to the development of health problems in informal caregivers of people with chronic illnesses, such as eating disorders (EDs). The main objective of this study was to examine endocrine (salivary cortisol levels (Csal)), immune (immunoglobulin-A (IgA)), and psychological (anxiety, mood, and anger feelings) responses to an acute psychological stressor in a sample of informal caregivers of individuals with EDs compared to a sample of non-caregivers...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234548/steroid-responsive-encephalopathy-associated-with-autoimmune-thyroiditis-presenting-with-fever-and-confusion
#16
Chiranthi Kongala Liyanage, Tilak Manthi Janake Munasinghe, Adsareswary Paramanantham
Steroid-Responsive Encephalopathy Associated with Autoimmune Thyroiditis (SREAT) is a diagnostic conundrum as it may present with a myriad of nonspecific clinical features and laboratory and neuroimaging investigations are not diagnostic. We report a case of a 65-year-old female who presented with an acute febrile illness associated with headache and confusion, tangential thoughts, and loose association. Based on neutrophil leukocytosis in the full blood count and elevated inflammatory markers, she was commenced on empirical intravenous antibiotics suspecting meningoencephalitis...
2017: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234510/a-service-evaluation-of-outcomes-in-two-in-patient-recovery-units
#17
Rob Macpherson, Claudia Calciu, Chris Foy, Kim Humby, Dave Lozynskyj, Charles Garton, Hannah Steer, Helen Elliott
Aims and method To evaluate outcomes for patients during their admission or in the first year of treatment in two in-patient recovery units. Changes in health and social functioning, service use and need (rated by patients and staff) were evaluated. Results In 43 patients treated, there was a large (30%) increase in patients discharged to their own tenancies, rather than supported accommodation. There was minimal change in Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS) scores in the course of the admission but staff- and patient-rated unmet needs reduced and met needs increased...
December 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234359/subtle-inflammation-a-possible-mechanism-of-future-cardiovascular-risk-in-obese-children
#18
Watchareewan Sontichai, Prapai Dejkhamron, Peraphan Pothacharoen, Prachya Kongtaweelert, Kevalee Unachak, Nuthapong Ukarapol
Purpose: The risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been shown to be associated with systemic inflammation in obese adults with metabolic syndrome (MetS). The aims of this study were to evaluate the prevalence of MetS and its relation to inflammatory markers in obese Thai children. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted. Children with history of endogenous obesity, chronic diseases, drug ingestion, and any acute illness within 2 weeks prior to enrollment were excluded...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233014/family-perceptions-of-family-nursing-in-a-magnet-institution-during-acute-hospitalizations-of-older-adult-patients
#19
Kara Misto
Family involvement during hospitalizations of older adults with chronic illnesses may benefit both patients and family. However, there is a limited amount of research focused on families of older adults managing chronic illness. This study describes family member perceptions of the relationship between family and nurses when an older adult with diabetes is hospitalized in a Magnet institution. The Calgary Family Intervention Model guided the study. A family member of 60 older adult patients completed the Family Function, Family Health, and Social Support Instrument...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231878/greek-medicine-practice-at-ancient-rome-the-physician-molecularist-asclepiades
#20
Luigi Santacroce, Lucrezia Bottalico, Ioannis Alexandros Charitos
Background: In the pre-Hellenistic period, the concept of medicine was not well-defined. Usually, a disease was considered as a divine punishment and its treatment was devolved to the priests who asked for healing from the divinities. The only job that could be compared to medical practice was a kind of itinerant medicine, derived from the Egyptian therapeutic tradition based only on practical experience and performed by people that knew a number of remedies, mostly vegetable, but without any theoretical bases about the possible mechanisms of action...
December 12, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
keyword
keyword
14167
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"