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Julie E Finnell, Brandon L Muniz, Akhila R Padi, Calliandra M Lombard, Casey M Moffitt, Christopher S Wood, L Britt Wilson, Lawrence P Reagan, Marlene A Wilson, Susan K Wood
BACKGROUND: Women are at greater risk than men of developing depression and comorbid disorders such as cardiovascular disease. This enhanced risk begins at puberty and ends following menopause, suggesting a role for ovarian hormones in this sensitivity. Here we used a model of psychosocial witness stress in female rats to determine the stress-induced neurobiological adaptations that underlie stress susceptibility in an ovarian hormone-dependent manner. METHODS: Intact or ovariectomized (OVX) female rats were exposed to five daily 15-minute witness-stress exposures...
January 31, 2018: Biological Psychiatry
Sergio Richter, Michael Döring, Micaela Ebert, Kerstin Bode, Andreas Müssigbrodt, Philipp Sommer, Daniela Husser, Gerhard Hindricks
Leadless cardiac pacemaker (LCP) therapy has been established clinically as a feasible and safe alternative to conventional transvenous pacemaker therapy for patients with an indication for single-chamber right-ventricular pacing.1-3 However, reports on loss of telemetry and pacing output due to abrupt battery failure called the safety of one of the two commercially available systems seriously into question. The initial battery advisory with the Nanostim™ LCP was issued by the manufacturer in October 2016, who instantly called a global stop to Nanostim™ implants...
March 14, 2018: Circulation
Bin Wang, Keli Cao, Chaogang Wei, Zhiqiang Gao, Huan Li
OBJECTIVE: To establish an effective detection method to evaluate auditory pathway in patients by electrical evoked middle latency response (EMLR) before artificial cochlear implantation, and to analyze the relationship between postoperative hearing rehabilitation and auditory cortex functions. METHODS: Twenty-three patients with artificial cochlear implant were recruited. EMLR was measured after adjusting the depth of anesthesia. The electrical auditory brainstem response (EABR) mode with monopolar stimulation and two-phase alternating current square waves was selected...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
J R Paris, K D Sherman, E Bell, C Boulenger, C Delord, M B M El-Mahdi, E A Fairfield, A M Griffiths, C Gutmann Roberts, R D Hedger, L E Holman, L H Hooper, N E Humphries, I Katsiadaki, R A King, A Lemopoulos, C J Payne, G Peirson, K K Richter, M I Taylor, C N Trueman, B Hayden, J R Stevens
Wild fish populations are currently experiencing unprecedented pressures, which are projected to intensify in the coming decades. Developing a thorough understanding of the influences of both biotic and abiotic factors on fish populations is a salient issue in contemporary fish conservation and management. During the 50th Anniversary Symposium of The Fisheries Society of the British Isles at the University of Exeter, UK, in July 2017, scientists from diverse research backgrounds gathered to discuss key topics under the broad umbrella of 'Understanding Fish Populations'...
March 2018: Journal of Fish Biology
Christie Sampson, John McEvoy, Zaw Min Oo, Aung Myo Chit, Aung Nyein Chan, David Tonkyn, Paing Soe, Melissa Songer, A Christy Williams, Klaus Reisinger, George Wittemyer, Peter Leimgruber
In the southern Bago Yoma mountain range in Myanmar, Asian elephants are being killed at a disturbing rate. This emerging crisis was identified initially through a telemetry study when 7 of 19 of collared elephants were poached within a year of being fitted with a satellite-GPS collar. Subsequent follow up of ground teams confirmed the human caused death or disappearance of at least 19 elephants, including the seven collared individuals, within a 35 km2 area in less than two years. The carcasses of 40 additional elephants were found in areas located across south-central Myanmar once systematic surveys began by our team and collaborators...
2018: PloS One
Jussi Jaakkola, Samuli Jaakkola, Olli Lahdenoja, Tero Hurnanen, Tero Koivisto, Mikko Pänkäälä, Timo Knuutila, Tuomas O Kiviniemi, Tuija Vasankari, K E Juhani Airaksinen
Because of the frequent asymptomatic presentation of atrial fibrillation (AF), stroke is too often its first manifestation.1 For effective stroke prevention, timely diagnosis of AF is crucial. Mobile devices are becoming ubiquitous, providing significant possibilities for screening applications. In mechanocardiography, mechanical cardiac activity is recorded with accelerometers and gyroscopes, standard components of modern smartphones.2 In our previous proof-of-concept study, smartphone mechanocardiography demonstrated 94% sensitivity and 100% specificity for detecting AF among 39 subjects...
March 11, 2018: Circulation
Christopher W Baugh, Carol L Clark, Jason W Wilson, Ian G Stiell, Abraham G Kocheril, Krista K Luck, Troy D Myers, Charles V Pollack, Steven K Roumpf, Gery F Tomassoni, James M Williams, Brian B Patel, Fred Wu, Jesse M Pines
Atrial fibrillation and flutter (AF) is a common condition among emergency department (ED) patients in the United States (US). Traditionally, ED care for primary complaints related to AF focus on rate control, and patients are often admitted to an inpatient setting for further care. Inpatient care may include further telemetry monitoring and diagnostic testing, rhythm control, a search for identification of AF etiology, and stroke prophylaxis. However, many patients are eligible for safe and effective outpatient management pathways...
March 10, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Alan Y Chiang, Brian D Guth, Michael K Pugsley, C Michael Foley, Jennifer M Doyle, Michael J Engwall, John E Koerner, Stanley T Parish, R Dustan Sarazan
INTRODUCTION: The sensitivity of a given test to detect a treatment-induced effect in a variable of interest is intrinsically related to the variability of that variable observed without treatment and the number of observations made in the study (i.e. number of animals). To evaluate test sensitivity to detect drug-induced changes in myocardial contractility using the variable LVdP/dtmax , a HESI-supported consortium designed and conducted studies in chronically instrumented, conscious dogs using telemetry...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
Tianzheng Yu, Iman Ferdjallah, Falicia Elenberg, Star K Chen, Patricia Deuster, Yifan Chen
AIMS: We have previously demonstrated in vitro that heat-induced skeletal muscle damage is associated with an increase in dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1)-mediated mitochondrial fission and no change in mitochondrial fusion. In this study, we investigated the in vivo effects of mitochondrial fission inhibition on heat-induced oxidative skeletal muscle injury and hyperthermic response in mice. MAIN METHODS: Core body temperatures of mice pre-treated with vehicle or Mdivi-1 were recorded by radio telemetry during heat exposure...
February 27, 2018: Life Sciences
Takuya Kishi
Heart failure is defined as a disruption of circulatory homeostasis. We have demonstrated that baroreflex dysfunction strikingly disrupts circulatory homeostasis. Moreover, previous many reports have suggested that central excess oxidative stress causes sympathoexcitation in heart failure. However, the central mechanisms of baroreflex dysfunction with oxidative stress has not been fully clarified. Our hypothesis was that the impairment of central antioxidant property would worsen circulatory homeostasis with baroreflex dysfunction in heart failure...
February 25, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Stephanie Brodie, Elodie J I Lédée, Michelle R Heupel, Russell C Babcock, Hamish A Campbell, Daniel C Gledhill, Xavier Hoenner, Charlie Huveneers, Fabrice R A Jaine, Colin A Simpfendorfer, Matthew D Taylor, Vinay Udyawer, Robert G Harcourt
Acoustic telemetry is a principle tool for observing aquatic animals, but coverage over large spatial scales remains a challenge. To resolve this, Australia has implemented the Integrated Marine Observing System's Animal Tracking Facility which comprises a continental-scale hydrophone array and coordinated data repository. This national acoustic network connects localized projects, enabling simultaneous monitoring of multiple species over scales ranging from 100 s of meters to 1000 s of kilometers. There is a need to evaluate the utility of this national network in monitoring animal movement ecology, and to identify the spatial scales that the network effectively operates over...
February 27, 2018: Scientific Reports
Barbara J Kupferschmid, Barbara Therrien, Pamela J Rowsey
OBJECTIVE: Immune challenges result in sickness responses such as decreased activity, fever, and spatial learning deficits. While these responses occur simultaneously, they are not usually evaluated concurrently or for an extended time. The purpose of this study was to examine how an immune challenge affected activity and temperature responses in animals tested concurrently in the Morris water maze (MWM) over 5 days and how aging interacts with such responses. METHOD: An accepted model of aging, adult ( n = 10; 5-6 months) and aged ( n = 7; 22 months) male Brown-Norway rats were implanted with a telemetry device (Mini Mitter, Oakmont, PA) to continuously monitor temperature and activity following an immune challenge...
January 1, 2018: Biological Research for Nursing
Xin Wang, Lei Cao, Inga Bysykatova, Zhenggang Xu, Sonia Rozenfeld, Wooseog Jeong, Didier Vangeluwe, Yunlin Zhao, Tianhe Xie, Kunpeng Yi, Anthony David Fox
The degree of inhospitable terrain encountered by migrating birds can dramatically affect migration strategies and their evolution as well as influence the way we develop our contemporary flyway conservation responses to protect them. We used telemetry data from 44 tagged individuals of four large-bodied, Arctic breeding waterbird species (two geese, a swan and one crane species) to show for the first time that these birds fly non-stop over the Far East taiga forest, despite their differing ecologies and migration routes...
2018: PeerJ
Samyuktha Muralidharan Pillai, Petra Seebeck, Ralph Fingerhut, Ji Huang, Xiu-Fen Ming, Zhihong Yang, François Verrey
BACKGROUND: Uninephrectomy (UNX) is performed for various reasons, including kidney cancer or donation. Kidneys being the main site of l-arginine production in the body, we tested whether UNX mediated kidney mass reduction impacts l-arginine metabolism and thereby nitric oxide production and blood pressure regulation in mice. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a first series of experiments, we observed a significant increase in arterial blood pressure 8 days post-UNX in female and not in male mice...
February 25, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
Andria F Brantley, Deanna M Rossi, Shalonda Barnes-Warren, Jon Carlo Francisco, Ira Schatten, Vishwas Dave
PURPOSE: The development and implementation of a hospitalwide, pharmacist-led transitions-of-care (TOC) program are described. METHODS: This 21-week quality improvement initiative was conducted from October 1, 2015, to February 26, 2016, at Memorial Hospital Pembroke. A TOC team was comprised of pharmacists, a pharmacy resident, pharmacy students, a physician, case managers, and nurses. All patients over the age of 18 admitted to the inpatient telemetry unit were included in this initiative...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Kristin L Laidre, Erik W Born, Stephen N Atkinson, Øystein Wiig, Liselotte W Andersen, Nicholas J Lunn, Markus Dyck, Eric V Regehr, Richard McGovern, Patrick Heagerty
Climate change is expected to result in range shifts and habitat fragmentation for many species. In the Arctic, loss of sea ice will reduce barriers to dispersal or eliminate movement corridors, resulting in increased connectivity or geographic isolation with sweeping implications for conservation. We used satellite telemetry, data from individually marked animals (research and harvest), and microsatellite genetic data to examine changes in geographic range, emigration, and interpopulation connectivity of the Baffin Bay (BB) polar bear ( Ursus maritimus ) subpopulation over a 25-year period of sea-ice loss...
February 2018: Ecology and Evolution
Glenn N Levine, Xuming Dai, Timothy D Henry, Marcella Calfon Press, Ali E Denktas, Ross F Garberich, Alice K Jacobs, Brian E Jaski, Prashant Kaul, Michael C Kontos, George A Stouffer, Sidney C Smith
Importance: In-hospital ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is a unique clinical entity with epidemiology, incidence, and outcomes distinct from that of out-of-hospital STEMI and has only within the past 10 years begun to receive increased attention and research. Patients with in-hospital STEMI are older, have more comorbidities, and more frequently have coagulopathies and contraindications for anticoagulation and fibrinolytic therapy. A standardized clinical definition of in-hospital STEMI is lacking...
February 21, 2018: JAMA Cardiology
Anastasia V Keller, Kathlene M Rees, Erik J Seibt, B Danni Wood, Abigail D Wade, Johnny Morehouse, Alice Shum-Siu, David S K Magnuson
STUDY DESIGN: Experimental Study. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the specific hindlimb electromyographic (EMG) patterns in response to muscle stretch and to measure the applied forces during stretching in the rat model of moderate SCI. SETTING: Kentucky Spinal Cord Injury Research Center, Louisville, KY, USA. METHODS: Female Sprague Dawley rats (n = 4) were instrumented for telemetry-based EMG recording (right rectus femoris and biceps femoris) and received a moderate T10 spinal cord injury (SCI)...
February 19, 2018: Spinal Cord
Benjamin J Whalley, Hong Lin, Lynne Bell, Thomas Hill, Amesha Patel, Roy A Gray, C Elizabeth Roberts, Orrin Devinsky, Michael Bazelot, Claire M Williams, Gary J Stephens
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Numerous claims are made for cannabis' therapeutic utility upon human seizures, but concerns persist about risks. A potential confounder is the presence of both Δ9 -tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9 -THC), variously reported to be pro- and anti-convulsant, and cannabidiol (CBD), widely confirmed as anticonvulsant. Therefore, we investigated effects of prolonged exposure to different Δ9 -THC/CBD cannabis extracts on seizure activity and associated measures of endocannabinoid (eCB) system signalling...
February 19, 2018: British Journal of Pharmacology
Michael D Schwartz, Jeremiah B Palmerston, Diana L Lee, Marius C Hoener, Thomas S Kilduff
Trace amines (TAs), endogenous amino acid metabolites that are structurally similar to the biogenic amines, are endogenous ligands for trace amine-associated receptor 1 (TAAR1), a GPCR that modulates dopaminergic, serotonergic, and glutamatergic activity. Selective TAAR1 full and partial agonists exhibit similar pro-cognitive, antidepressant- and antipsychotic-like properties in rodents and non-human primates, suggesting TAAR1 as a novel target for the treatment of neurological and psychiatric disorders. We previously reported that TAAR1 partial agonists are wake-promoting in rats and mice, and that TAAR1 knockout (KO) and overexpressing mice exhibit altered sleep-wake and EEG spectral composition...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
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