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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335233/internet-based-group-intervention-for-ovarian-cancer-survivors-feasibility-and-preliminary-results
#1
Ellen M Kinner, Jessica S Armer, Bonnie A McGregor, Jennifer Duffecy, Susan Leighton, Marya E Corden, Janine Gauthier Mullady, Frank J Penedo, Susan K Lutgendorf
BACKGROUND: Development of psychosocial group interventions for ovarian cancer survivors has been limited. Drawing from elements of cognitive-behavioral stress management (CBSM), mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), we developed and conducted preliminary testing of an Internet-based group intervention tailored specifically to meet the needs of ovarian cancer survivors. The Internet-based platform facilitated home delivery of the psychosocial intervention to a group of cancer survivors for whom attending face-to-face programs could be difficult given their physical limitations and the small number of ovarian cancer survivors at any one treatment site...
January 15, 2018: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332671/estimating-sleep-efficiency-in-10-to-13-year-olds-using-a-waist-worn-accelerometer
#2
M M Borghese, Y Lin, J P Chaput, I Janssen
OBJECTIVE: In field settings, wrist- and waist-worn accelerometers are typically used to assess sleep characteristics and movement behaviors, respectively. There has been a shift in movement behavior studies to wear accelerometers 24 h/d. Sleep characteristics could be assessed in these studies if sleep algorithms were available for waist-worn accelerometers. The objective of this study was to develop and provide validity data for an algorithm/sleep likelihood score cut-off to estimate sleep efficiency in children using the waist-worn Actical accelerometer...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319596/obstructive-sleep-apnea-assessed-by-overnight-polysomnography-in-patients-with-keratoconus
#3
Emilio Pedrotti, Christian Luigi Demasi, Adriano Fasolo, Erika Bonacci, Tommaso Brighenti, Nicola Gennaro, Marcello Ferrari, Giorgio Marchini
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in patients with keratoconus (KCN) and to evaluate the association between the severity of KCN and OSA. METHODS: OSA was diagnosed with an overnight home sleep apnea test. As estimated by home monitoring, an apnea-hypopnea index threshold of ≥5 sleep-related obstructive breathing events per hour was considered suggestive of OSA. For grading KCN severity (Amsler-Krumeich classification), slit-lamp biomicroscopy, corneal topography, and pachymetry measurements were performed...
January 9, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318566/diagnostic-accuracy-of-level-iv-portable-sleep-monitors-versus-polysomnography-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Lusine Abrahamyan, Yeva Sahakyan, Suzanne Chung, Petros Pechlivanoglou, Joanna Bielecki, Steven M Carcone, Valeria E Rac, Michael Fitzpatrick, Murray Krahn
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most common sleep-related breathing disorder. In-laboratory, overnight type I polysomnography (PSG) is the current "gold standard" for diagnosing OSA. Home sleep apnea testing (HSAT) using portable monitors (PMs) is an alternative testing method offering better comfort and lower costs. We aimed to systematically review the evidence on diagnostic ability of type IV PMs compared to PSG in diagnosing OSA. METHODS: Participants: patients ≥16 years old with symptoms suggestive of OSA;intervention: type IV PMs (devices with < 2 respiratory channels); comparator: in-laboratory PSG; outcomes: diagnostic accuracy measures;studies: cross-sectional, prospective observational/experimental/quasi-experimental studies; information sources: MEDLINE and Cochrane Library from January 1, 2010 to May 10, 2016...
January 9, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301586/effectiveness-of-a-psycho-educational-intervention-to-prevent-postpartum-parental-distress-and-enhance-infant-well-being-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Marjolein Missler, Roseriet Beijers, Jaap Denissen, Annemieke van Straten
BACKGROUND: The first months after birth can be challenging for parents, leading to parental distress and decreased well-being. Parents with high levels of distress are found to respond less adequately and sensitively to their infant, which in turn affects infant well-being and health. The goal of this study is to examine the effectiveness of a psycho-educational intervention to prevent postpartum parental distress and enhance the quality of caregiving and infant well-being. In contrast to other interventions, this intervention will be (1) offered already before birth, (2) offered to all parents-to-be, regardless of their risk of postpartum distress, and (3) include fathers...
January 4, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238576/a-case-of-legionella-pneumonia-caused-by-home-use-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure
#6
Ruby Schnirman, Nasifa Nur, Alice Bonitati, Gerardo Carino
A 67-year-old woman with morbid obesity and severe obstructive sleep apnea presented to the emergency department with 2 days of productive cough, fever, shortness of breath and loose stools. A chest x-ray showed extensive bilateral infiltrates, and she was quickly intubated for acute hypoxic respiratory failure. A urine legionella antigen test was positive, and she was admitted to the intensive care unit with a diagnosis of severe legionella pneumonia. She improved over the next week with a course of levofloxacin...
2017: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235907/a-validation-study-of-fitbit-charge-2%C3%A2-compared-with-polysomnography-in-adults
#7
Massimiliano de Zambotti, Aimee Goldstone, Stephanie Claudatos, Ian M Colrain, Fiona C Baker
We evaluated the performance of a consumer multi-sensory wristband (Fitbit Charge 2™), against polysomnography (PSG) in measuring sleep/wake state and sleep stage composition in healthy adults. In-lab PSG and Fitbit Charge 2™ data were obtained from a single overnight recording at the SRI Human Sleep Research Laboratory in 44 adults (19-61 years; 26 women; 25 Caucasian). Participants were screened to be free from mental and medical conditions. Presence of sleep disorders was evaluated with clinical PSG...
December 13, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233906/skeletal-muscle-insulin-signaling-and-whole-body-glucose-metabolism-following-acute-sleep-restriction-in-healthy-males
#8
Emma L Sweeney, Stewart Jeromson, D Lee Hamilton, Naomi E Brooks, Ian H Walshe
Sleep restriction is associated with impaired glucose metabolism and insulin resistance, however, the underlying mechanisms leading to this impairment are unknown. This study aimed to assess whether the decrease in insulin sensitivity observed after sleep restriction is accompanied by changes in skeletal muscle PKB activity. Ten healthy young males participated in this randomized crossover study which included two conditions separated by a 3-week washout period. Participants underwent two nights of habitual sleep (CON) and two nights of sleep which was restricted to 50% of habitual sleep duration (SR) in the home environment...
December 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206195/psychological-distress-and-zika-dengue-and-chikungunya-symptoms-following-the-2016-earthquake-in-bah%C3%A3-a-de-car%C3%A3-quez-ecuador
#9
Anna M Stewart-Ibarra, Anita Hargrave, Avriel Diaz, Aileen Kenneson, David Madden, Moory M Romero, Juan Pablo Molina, David Macias Saltos
On 16 April 2016, a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck coastal Ecuador, resulting in significant mortality and morbidity, damages to infrastructure, and psychological trauma. This event coincided with the first outbreak of Zika virus (ZIKV) and co-circulation with dengue virus (DENV) and chikungunya virus (CHIKV). We tested whether the degree of psychological distress was associated with the presence of suspected DENV, CHIKV, ZIKV (DCZ) infections three months after the earthquake. In July 2016, 601 household members from four communities in Bahía de Caráquez, Manabí Province, Ecuador, were surveyed in a post-disaster health evaluation...
December 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205091/polysomnographic-oxygen-saturation-findings-for-preteen-children-versus-adolescents
#10
Nathan D Wiebracht, Shan He, Colin Cotton, Jareen Meinzen-Derr, Gordon Shott, David F Smith, Keith B McConnell, Stacey L Ishman
Objective Home oximetry is commonly used to screen for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in children; however, normal oxygen desaturation levels by disease severity are not well known. It was our objective to determine if oxygen saturation levels differed by OSA severity category in children and if these differences were similar for preteen children and adolescents. Study Design Retrospective case series of children undergoing polysomnography from September 2011 to July 2015. Setting Tertiary pediatric hospital...
November 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202882/age-and-seasons-influence-on-at-home-pulse-oximetry-results-in-children-evaluated-for-suspected-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#11
Martino Pavone, Elisabetta Verrillo, Nicola Ullmann, Serena Caggiano, Valentina Negro, Renato Cutrera
BACKGROUND: Seasonal variability on obstructive sleep apnea has already been studied by polysomnography in children. Winter and spring season emerged as critical periods. No data are currently available for pulse oximetry performed at home. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of seasonality and age on the results of at-home pulse oximetry performed in children referred for suspected OSA. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 781 children (64.3% Males), aged 4...
December 4, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190428/measuring-loop-gain-via-home-sleep-testing-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#12
Jeremy E Orr, Scott A Sands, Bradley A Edwards, Pamela N Deyoung, Naomi Deacon, Rachel Jen, Yanru Li, Robert L Owens, Atul Malhotra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184319/a-comparative-study-of-depression-and-associated-risk-factors-among-elderly-inmates-of-old-age-homes-and-community-of-rajkot-a-gujarati-version-of-the-geriatric-depression-scale-short-form-gds-g
#13
Dipeshkumar D Zalavadiya, Anupam Banerjee, Ankit M Sheth, Matib Rangoonwala, Aarohi Mitra, Amiruddin M Kadri
Background: The prevalence of depression among elderly people varies across different setups such as old age homes (OAHs), community, and medical clinics. Aims: The aim of this study was to compare the epidemiological factors pertaining to depression among elderly residents of OAHs and community, using a new Gujarati version of the Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form (GDS-G). Settings and Design: A cross-sectional, epidemiological study conducted in an urban setup of Western India...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177130/sleep-disordered-breathing-and-spinal-cord-injury-challenges-and-opportunities
#14
Abdulghani Sankari, Jennifer L Martin, M Safwan Badr
Purpose of review: This paper focuses on the sleep disorders in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI/D), particularly mechanism of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) and challenges in diagnosis and management. Based on a review of recent literatures and studies the paper summarizes some main challenges with respect to management of SDB in patients with SCI; and what are the responsible mechanisms of disease? What are the barriers in diagnosing and treating SDB using standard treatment such as positive airway pressure (CPAP)?...
December 2017: Current Sleep Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176802/assessment-of-automated-analysis-of-portable-oximetry-as-a-screening-test-for-moderate-to-severe-sleep-apnea-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#15
Ana M Andrés-Blanco, Daniel Álvarez, Andrea Crespo, C Ainhoa Arroyo, Ana Cerezo-Hernández, Gonzalo C Gutiérrez-Tobal, Roberto Hornero, Félix Del Campo
BACKGROUND: The coexistence of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) leads to increased morbidity and mortality. The development of home-based screening tests is essential to expedite diagnosis. Nevertheless, there is still very limited evidence on the effectiveness of portable monitoring to diagnose OSAS in patients with pulmonary comorbidities. OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of suffering from COPD in the performance of an oximetry-based screening test for moderate-to-severe OSAS, both in the hospital and at home...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175999/modern-fertility-awareness-methods-wrist-wearables-capture-the-changes-of-temperature-associated-with-the-menstrual-cycle
#16
Mohaned Shilaih, Brianna M Goodale, Lisa Falco, Florian Kübler, Valerie De Clerck, Brigitte Leeners
Core and peripheral body temperatures are affected by changes in reproductive hormones during the menstrual cycle. Women worldwide use the basal body temperature (BBT) method to aid and prevent conception. However, prior research suggests taking one's daily temperature can prove inconvenient and subject to environmental factors. We investigate whether a more automatic, non-invasive temperature measurement system can detect changes in temperature across the menstrual cycle. We examined how wrist-skin temperature (WST), measured with wearable sensors, correlates with urinary tests of ovulation and may serve as a new method of fertility tracking...
November 24, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174830/influence-of-shift-duration-on-cognitive-performance-of-emergency-physicians-a%C3%A2-prospective-cross-sectional-study
#17
Nicolas Persico, François Maltese, Cécile Ferrigno, Amandine Bablon, Cécile Marmillot, Laurent Papazian, Antoine Roch
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The relationship between tiredness and medical errors is now commonly accepted. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the cognitive performance of emergency physicians after a night shift of 14 hours (H14) and after a work shift of 24 hours (H24) and to compare it with tests performed after a rest night at home (H0). METHODS: Forty emergency physicians (19 staff physicians and 21 residents) were randomly evaluated at H0, H14, and H24. Four cognitive abilities (processing speed, working memory capacity, perceptual reasoning, and cognitive flexibility) were tested according to the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test...
November 23, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168040/the-utility-of-home-sleep-apnea-tests-in-patients-with-low-versus-high-pre-test-probability-for-moderate-to-severe-osa
#18
Cathy A Goldstein, Hala Karnib, Katherine Williams, Zunaira Virk, Afifa Shamim-Uzzaman
PURPOSE: Home sleep apnea tests (HSATs) are an alternative to attended polysomnograms (PSGs) when the pre-test probability for moderate to severe OSA is high. However, insurers often mandate use anytime OSA is suspected regardless of the pre-test probability. Our objective was to determine the ability of HSATs to rule in OSA when the pre-test probability of an apnea hypopnea index (AHI) in the moderate to severe range is low. METHODS: Patients who underwent HSATs were characterized as low or high pre-test probability based on the presence of two symptoms of the STOP instrument plus either BMI > 35 or male gender...
November 22, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154054/the-effects-of-chamomile-extract-on-sleep-quality-among-elderly-people-a-clinical-trial
#19
Mohsen Adib-Hajbaghery, Seyedeh Nesa Mousavi
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of insomnia increases with age. Chamomile is among the medicinal plants which are used as tranquilizer. Yet, there is inadequate experimental and clinical evidence regarding its hypnotic effects. This study sought to evaluate the effects of chamomile extract on sleep quality among elderly people. DESIGN: A single-blind randomized controlled trial was performed. SETTING: A convenient sample of sixty elderly people who aged sixty or more and lived in Kahrizak day care nursing home, Karaj, Iran, were randomly allocated to a control and a treatment group...
December 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153005/screening-for-delirium-development-and-validation-of-the-buffalo-delirium-scale-for-use-in-a-home-based-hospice-setting
#20
Jennifer M Breier, Scott T Meier, Christopher W Kerr, Scott T Wright, Pei C Grant, Rachel M Depner
BACKGROUND: Delirium is a challenging occurrence among people at end of life. It can be difficult to detect and treat because of its episodic nature. The Buffalo Delirium Scale (BDS) was designed to identify risk factors for hospice patients in the prodromal stage of delirium. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the psychometric properties of items assessing delirium risk factors related to cognitive problems, psychological distress, and sleep problems. METHODS: Hospice nursing staff assessed patients with the 11-item BDS over a 6-month period as part of standard weekly visits to monitor for emerging signs of delirium, for example, sleep patterns, cognition, and behavior...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
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