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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511588/an-evening-milk-drink-can-affect-word-recall-in-indonesian-children-with-decreased-sleep-efficiency-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Rini Sekartini, Dian Novita Chandra, Tiana Arsianti, Saptawati Bardosono, Tjhin Wiguna, Anne Schaafsma
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Sleep is important for memory consolidation in children. This study intended to find out whether an evening milk-based drink could influence sleep efficiency and memory recall in a group of Indonesian children (5-6 years old) with sleep deprivation. METHODS: Children were randomly allocated to one of three interventions: Reference product, satiety-stimulating product, and a relaxing product. The intervention lasted for 6 weeks and children consumed two servings per day of each 200 ml, the serving in the morning being the same for all children...
May 16, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502280/a-feedback-controlled-mandibular-positioner-identifies-individuals-with-sleep-apnea-who-will-respond-to-oral-appliance-therapy
#2
John E Remmers, Zbigniew Topor, Joshua Grosse, Nikola Vranjes, Erin V Mosca, Rollin Brant, Sabina Bruehlmann, Shouresh Charkhandeh, Seyed Abdolali Zareian Jahromi
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Mandibular protruding oral appliances represent a potentially important therapy for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, their clinical utility is limited by a less-than-ideal efficacy rate and uncertainty regarding an efficacious mandibular position, pointing to the need for a tool to assist in delivery of the therapy. The current study assesses the ability to prospectively identify therapeutic responders and determine an efficacious mandibular position. METHODS: Individuals (n = 202) with OSA participated in a blinded, 2-part investigation...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490038/pediatric-sleep-disordered-breathing-an-update-on-diagnostic-testing
#3
Brian McGrath, Jerrold Lerman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent advances in diagnostic testing for obstructive sleep apnea in children have refined the standard tests while identifying several new tools that hold promise to radically change how we diagnose sleep apnea. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies have demonstrated that the polysomnogram may be modified to permit home assessment of sleep disturbed breathing in children to ensure more widespread access to the test. Alternately, questionnaires, nocturnal oximetry, and diagnostic urinary biomarkers have shown great promise as both sensitive and specific tools to diagnose sleep apnea in children as well as track the severity of the disease...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486972/fitness-fatness-and-the-reallocation-of-time-between-children-s-daily-movement-behaviours-an-analysis-of-compositional-data
#4
Stuart J Fairclough, Dorothea Dumuid, Sarah Taylor, Whitney Curry, Bronagh McGrane, Gareth Stratton, Carol Maher, Timothy Olds
BACKGROUND: Movement behaviours performed over a finite period such as a 24 h day are compositional data. Compositional data exist in a constrained simplex geometry that is incongruent with traditional multivariate analytical techniques. However, the expression of compositional data as log-ratio co-ordinate systems transfers them to the unconstrained real space, where standard multivariate statistics can be used. This study aimed to use a compositional data analysis approach to examine the adiposity and cardiorespiratory fitness predictions of time reallocations between children's daily movement behaviours...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471950/comparison-of-sleep-latency-and-number-of-soremps-in-the-home-and-hospital-with-a-modified-multiple-sleep-latency-test-a-randomized-crossover-study
#5
Kornelia K Beiske, Trond Sand, Eyvind Rugland, Knut Stavem
PURPOSE: Comparison of mean sleep latencies and number of sleep-onset rapid eye movement periods (SOREMPs) between modified multiple sleep latency test (MSLT) performed in the unattended home and in-hospital laboratory setting. METHODS: A randomized crossover single-blinded design. Thirty-four subjects referred to MSLT for suspected hypersomnia or narcolepsy were included. Participants were randomized to perform modified MSLT in the unattended home or in the hospital first...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455701/chronic-rem-sleep-restriction-in-juvenile-male-rats-induces-anxiety-like-behavior-and-alters-monoamine-systems-in-the-amygdala-and-hippocampus
#6
Janaína da Silva Rocha-Lopes, Ricardo Borges Machado, Deborah Suchecki
Adolescence is marked by major physiological changes, including those in the sleep-wake cycle, such as phase delay, which may result in reduced sleep hours. Sleep restriction and/or deprivation in adult rats activate stress response and seem to be a risk factor for triggering emotional disorders. In the present study, we sought to evaluate the behavioral and neurobiological consequences of prolonged REM sleep restriction in juvenile male rats. Immediately after weaning, on postnatal day 21, three males from each litter were submitted to REM sleep deprivation and the other three animals were maintained in their home-cages...
April 28, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454604/collaboration-guidelines-between-sleep-physicians-and-dentists-in-the-management-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-an-american-academy-of-dental-sleep-medicine-and-american-academy-of-sleep-medicine-joint-position-statement
#7
Kannan Ramar, James A Rowley, Stuart F Quan, Kathleen M Bennett, Alan Blanton, Kelly A Carden, Ronald D Chervin, Leslie Dort, Douglas B Kirsch, David A Kristo, Mitchell Levine, Raman K Malhotra, Jennifer L Martin, Eric J Olson, Kevin Postol, Ilene M Rosen, Thomas Schell, David Schwartz, Rose Sheats, Harold Smith, Nathaniel F Watson, Terri E Weaver
The boards of directors of the American Academy of Dental Sleep Medicine (AADSM) and the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) approved this position statement to provide more detailed clarification regarding the appropriate role of dentists and physicians, respectively, in the treatment and ongoing management of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) using oral appliance therapy (OAT). In order to promote high quality, patient-centered care for patients who have chosen OAT, and to effectively and collaboratively manage these patients, dentists and sleep physicians should follow the recommendations in the updated clinical practice guideline for the treatment of OSA and snoring with OAT, which was published jointly by the AADSM and AASM in 2015...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452650/the-promotion-of-well-being-in-aging-individuals-living-in-nursing-homes-a-controlled-pilot-intervention-with-narrative-strategies
#8
Giulia Cesetti, Francesca Vescovelli, Chiara Ruini
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed: (1) to compare levels of well-being and distress in older adults living in nursing homes with those living in community; and (2) to test the feasibility of a positive narrative intervention for improving well-being versus a control art-and-craft intervention in a nursing home setting. METHODS: Sixty older adults participated in the study (M = 77.37; SD = 5.00), Male = 20 (33.3%). In Study 1, 30 adults living in nursing homes were compared with 30 community-dwellers using the following measures: Satisfaction with Life Scale, Psychological Well-being Scale, Social Well-being Scale, Geriatric Depression Scale, and sleep quality...
February 8, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450082/a-randomized-trial-of-a-children-s-book-versus-brochures-for-safe-sleep-knowledge-and-adherence-in-a-high-risk-population
#9
John S Hutton, Resmi Gupta, Rachel Gruber, Jennifer Berndsen, Thomas DeWitt, Nicholas J Ollberding, Judith B Van Ginkel, Robert T Ammerman
BACKGROUND: Sleep-related infant deaths have plateaued in the past decade, disproportionately affecting low-socio-economic-status (SES) families. Printed materials are widely used for anticipatory guidance, yet none for safe sleep have been studied. OBJECTIVES: To test the efficacy of a specially designed children's book compared to brochures for safe sleep knowledge and adherence, which we hypothesized would be greater due to superior readability and engagement...
April 24, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442452/homestyles-a-web-based-childhood-obesity-prevention-program-for-families-with-preschool-children-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Jennifer Martin-Biggers, Mallory Koenings, Virginia Quick, Nobuko Hongu, John Worobey
BACKGROUND: The home environment is where young children spend most of their time, and is critically important to supporting behaviors that promote health and prevent obesity. However, the home environment and lifestyle patterns remain understudied, and few interventions have investigated parent-led makeovers designed to create home environments that are supportive of optimal child health and healthy child weights. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the HomeStyles randomized controlled trial (RCT) is to determine whether the Web-based HomeStyles intervention enables and motivates parents to shape the weight-related aspects of their home environments and lifestyle behavioral practices (diet, exercise, and sleep) to be more supportive of their preschool children's optimal health and weight...
April 25, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399315/feasibility-and-efficacy-of-a-shared-yoga-intervention-for-sleep-disturbance-in-older-adults-with-osteoarthritis
#11
Diana Taibi Buchanan, Michael V Vitiello, Kimberly Bennett
The purpose of the current study was to test the feasibility and efficacy of a shared yoga (SY) program for sleep disturbance in older adults with osteoarthritis (OA). Participants (ages 50 to 72) with insomnia related to OA were randomized to 12 weeks of SY (n = 9) or individual yoga (IY; n = 7). The sample was 53% male and 41% self-identified as a race other than White/Caucasian. The groups did not significantly differ in class attendance, home practice, or change scores on efficacy outcomes. Pre-post comparisons in all participants showed statistically significant improvements on the Insomnia Severity Index and Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement System sleep disturbance scale...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390462/does-the-texas-first-dental-home-program-improve-parental-oral-care-knowledge-and-practices
#12
Charmaine L Thompson, Ann L McCann, Emet D Schneiderman
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the effectiveness of the Texas Medicaid First Dental Home (FDH) by comparing the oral health knowledge, practices, and opinions of participating vs. non-participating parents. METHODS: A 29-question survey (English & Spanish) was developed and administered to 165 parents of children under three years old (FDH=49, Non-FDH=116) who visited qualifying Medicaid clinics in Texas. RESULTS: Mann Whitney U tests showed that FDH parents scored higher on overall knowledge (P=0...
March 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374832/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-ambulatory-approach-versus-the-hospital-based-approach-in-managing-suspected-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#13
David S Hui, Susanna S Ng, Kin-Wang To, Fanny W Ko, Jenny Ngai, Ken K P Chan, Wing-Ho Yip, Tat-On Chan, Karen Yiu, Wilson W S Tam
Comparisons of home-based versus hospital-based approach in managing patients with suspected obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome(OSAS). A prospective, controlled CPAP parallel study of new referrals with suspected OSAS randomized into group A) home-based or B) hospital-based approach. Following detection of AHI ≥ 15/hr by Embletta sleep study (group A) or polysomnography (group B), patients received CPAP for 3 months after an overnight autoCPAP titration at home or in hospital respectively. Modified intention-to-treat analysis of those with AHI ≥ 15/hr on CPAP (n = 86 vs 86) showed no difference in Epworth sleepiness score, the primary endpoint, but greater improvement in Sleep-Apnoea-Quality-of-Life-Index[difference 0...
April 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366143/-where-do-we-perform-sleep-test-in-the-laboratory-or-at-home
#14
Handan İnönü Köseoğlu, Asiye Kanbay, Turan Acıcan
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is an important public health problem seen in 14.3% of male, and 5% of female population which leads to higher morbidity, and mortality rates because of its outcomes effecting many organ systems including cardiovascular, and cerebrovascular systems. Despite its higher prevalence in community, sleep laboratories both in our country, and in the world remain incapable of diagnosing these patients, and 80-90% of the cases with OSAS can not be diagnosed. As an alternative to gold standard polysomnographic examinations this desperate condition revived the use of more practical, and less expensive portable monitorization devices which can be used at home without the need for help of a technician...
December 2016: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364428/enhanced-memory-consolidation-via-automatic-sound-stimulation-during-non-rem-sleep
#15
Miika M Leminen, Jussi Virkkala, Emma Saure, Teemu Paajanen, Phyllis C Zee, Giovanni Santostasi, Christer Hublin, Kiti Müller, Tarja Porkka-Heiskanen, Minna Huotilainen, Tiina Paunio
Introduction: Slow-wave sleep (SWS) slow waves and sleep spindle activity have been shown to be crucial for memory consolidation. Recently, memory consolidation has been causally facilitated in human participants via auditory stimuli phase-locked to SWS slow waves. Aims: Here, we aimed to develop a new acoustic stimulus protocol to facilitate learning and to validate it using different memory tasks. Most importantly, the stimulation setup was automated to be applicable for ambulatory home use...
March 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356181/validation-of-the-nox-t3-portable-monitor-for-diagnosis-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-chinese-adults
#16
Liyue Xu, Fang Han, Brendan T Keenan, Elizabeth Kneeland-Szanto, Han Yan, Xiaosong Dong, Yuan Chang, Long Zhao, Xueli Zhang, Jing Li, Allan I Pack, Samuel T Kuna
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the performance of a portable monitor (Nox-T3, Nox Medical Inc. Reykjavik, Iceland) used to diagnose obstructive sleep apnea in Chinese adults. METHODS: Eighty Chinese adults (mean ± standard deviation age 47.6 ± 14.0 years, 77.5% males, body mass index 27.5 ± 5.4 kg/m(2)) underwent overnight, unattended home sleep apnea testing (HSAT) with the Nox-T3 portable monitor followed by an overnight in-laboratory polysomnogram (PSG) with simultaneous portable monitor recording...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356176/underestimation-of-sleep-apnea-with-home-sleep-apnea-testing-compared-to-in-laboratory-sleep-testing
#17
Arveity R Setty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345075/ultrasonographic-detection-of-airway-obstruction-in-a-model-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#18
Amal Isaiah, Reuben Mezrich, Jeffrey Wolf
Purpose Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common clinical disorder characterized by repetitive airway obstruction during sleep. The gold standard for diagnosis of OSA, polysomnogram (PSG), cannot anatomically localize obstruction. Precise identification of obstruction has potential to improve outcomes following surgery. Current diagnostic modalities that provide this information require anesthesia, involve ionizing radiation or disrupt sleep. To mitigate these problems, we conceived that ultrasound (US) technology may be adapted (i) to detect, quantify and localize airway obstruction and (ii) for translational application to home-based testing for OSA...
February 2017: Ultrasound International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339415/lifestyle-factors-in-croatian-seafarers-as-relating-to-health-and-stress-on-board
#19
Ana Slišković, Zvjezdan Penezić
BACKGROUND: Seafaring is characterized by specific stressors and health risks. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article was to compare the prevalence of various lifestyle factors between the shipping and home environments, and in addition to test the relations between lifestyle factors, perceived stress on board, and health in seafarers. METHODS: A total of 530 Croatian seafarers participated in an on-line survey. The questionnaire contained requests for demographic data and a set of questions relating to lifestyle, stress on board, physical health symptoms, and mental health...
March 23, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319182/the-viability-of-an-ecologically-valid-chronic-sleep-restriction-and-circadian-timing-protocol-an-examination-of-sample-attrition-compliance-and-effectiveness-at-impacting-sleepiness-and-mood
#20
David L Dickinson, Sean P A Drummond, Todd McElroy
Chronic sleep restriction (SR) increases sleepiness, negatively impacts mood, and impairs a variety of cognitive performance measures. The vast majority of work establishing these effects are tightly controlled in-lab experimental studies. Examining commonly-experienced levels of SR in naturalistic settings is more difficult and generally involves observational methods, rather than active manipulations of sleep. The same is true for analyzing behavioral and cognitive outcomes at circadian unfavorable times...
2017: PloS One
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