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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785334/radiotherapy-for-inoperable-merkel-cell-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-and-pooled-analysis
#1
Parth Patel, Chirag Modi, Beth McLellan, Nitin Ohri
Background: Cumulative data on radiation monotherapy for Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is lacking. Objective: We sought to synthesize all available data on treatment outcomes for radiation monotherapy for inoperable stage I-III MCC. Methods: We performed a systematic review of the current literature. Articles published in English in the PubMed database up to July 29, 2016, were evaluated. Results: Eight case reports, 4 case series, and 6 retrospective studies, yielding 68 patients, were included in our analysis...
April 2018: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781998/making-testing-and-using-potassium-ion-selective-microelectrodes-in-tissue-slices-of-adult-brain
#2
J Christopher Octeau, Guido Faas, Istvan Mody, Baljit S Khakh
Potassium ions significantly contribute to the resting membrane potential of cells and, therefore, extracellular K+ concentration is a crucial regulator of cell excitability. Altered concentrations of extracellular K+ affect the resting membrane potential and cellular excitability by shifting the equilibria between closed, open and inactivated states for voltage-dependent ion channels that underlie action potential initiation and conduction. Hence, it is valuable to directly measure extracellular K+ dynamics in health and diseased states...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779770/normalised-quantitative-polymerase-chain-reaction-for-diagnosis-of-tuberculosis-associated-uveitis
#3
Manas Ranjan Barik, Soveeta Rath, Rohit Modi, Rajkishori Rana, Mamatha M Reddy, Soumyava Basu
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based diagnosis of tuberculosis-associated uveitis (TBU) in TB-endemic countries is challenging due to likelihood of latent mycobacterial infection in both immune and non-immune cells. In this study, we investigated normalised quantitative PCR (nqPCR) in ocular fluids (aqueous/vitreous) for diagnosis of TBU in a TB-endemic population. Mycobacterial copy numbers (mpb64 gene) were normalised to host genome copy numbers (RNAse P RNA component H1 [RPPH1] gene) in TBU (n = 16) and control (n = 13) samples (discovery cohort)...
May 2018: Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775456/maternal-obesogenic-diet-induces-endometrial-hyperplasia-an-early-hallmark-of-endometrial-cancer-in-a-diethylstilbestrol-mouse-model
#4
Theresa O Owuor, Michaela Reid, Lauren Reschke, Ian Hagemann, Suellen Greco, Zeel Modi, Kelle H Moley
Thirty-eight percent of US adult women are obese, meaning that more children are now born of overweight and obese mothers, leading to an increase in predisposition to several adult onset diseases. To explore this phenomenon, we developed a maternal obesity animal model by feeding mice a diet composed of high fat/ high sugar (HF/HS) and assessed both maternal diet and offspring diet on the development of endometrial cancer (ECa). We show that maternal diet by itself did not lead to ECa initiation in wildtype offspring of the C57Bl/6J mouse strain...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773961/an-example-of-aerosol-pattern-variability-over-bright-surface-using-high-resolution-modis-maiac-the-eastern-and-western-areas-of-the-dead-sea-and-environs
#5
Sever Lee, Alpert Pinhas, Lyapustin Alexei, Wang Yujie, Chudnovsky A Alexandra
The extreme rate of evaporation of the Dead Sea (DS) has serious implicatios for the surrounding area, including atmospheric conditions. This study analyzes the aerosol properties over the western and eastern parts of the DS during the year 2013, using MAIAC (Multi-Angle Implementation of Atmospheric Correction) for MODIS, which retrieves aerosol optical depth (AOD) data at a resolution of 1km. The main goal of the study is to evaluate MAIAC over the study area and determine, for the first time, the prevailing aerosol spatial patterns...
September 2017: Atmospheric Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772049/mild-bilateral-hemorrhagic-occlusive-retinal-vasculitis-following-intracameral-vancomycin-administration-in-cataract-surgery
#6
Sruthi Arepalli, Yasha S Modi, Ryan Deasy, Sunil K Srivastava
A patient underwent cataract surgery with prophylactic intracameral vancomycin (Vancocin; Pfizer, New York City, NY) in each eye, 2 weeks apart. Four weeks after, the patient presented with a mild bilateral hemorrhagic occlusive retinal vasculitis (HORV). A systemic work-up was negative for syphilis, toxoplasmosis, Bartonella, tuberculosis, and sarcoidosis. The patient was treated with oral steroids and one intravitreal steroid injection in the left eye. Ten months after presentation, the patient's vasculitis was quiescent...
May 1, 2018: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771795/the-effect-of-peer-support-on-colorectal-cancer-patients-adherence-to-guideline-concordant-multidisciplinary-care
#7
Arielle E Kanters, Arden M Morris, Paul H Abrahamse, Lona Mody, Pasithorn A Suwanabol
BACKGROUND: Multidisciplinary care is critical for the successful treatment of stage III colorectal cancer, yet receipt of adjuvant chemotherapy remains unacceptably low. Peer support, or exposure to others treated for colorectal cancer, has been proposed as a means to improve patient acceptance of cancer care. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to evaluate the effect of peer support on the attitudes of patients with colorectal cancer toward chemotherapy and their adherence to it...
May 15, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771355/jpp-student-journal-club-commentary-interpersonal-stressors-and-resources-as-predictors-of-adolescent-adjustment-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#8
Luke K Turnier, Avani C Modi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767246/dnajc3-mutation-in-thai-familial-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#9
Sirikul Kulanuwat, Watip Tangjittipokin, Prapaporn Jungtrakoon, Chutima Chanprasert, Jatuporn Sujjitjoon, Ninareeman Binnima, Pa-Thai Yenchitsomanus, Nattachet Plengvidhya
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) is a heterogeneous disease, with certain cases presenting an autosomal dominant type. The rare coding variants of disease‑causing genes in T2D remain mostly unclear. The present study aimed to identify the disease‑causing gene conducting whole exome sequencing in a Thai T2D family with an autosomal dominant transmission of T2D with no evidence of mutations in known maturity‑onset diabetes of the young (MODY) genes. Candidate variants were selected according to certain criteria of mutation prediction programs, followed by segregation analysis with diabetes in the family...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766206/sustainable-partnerships-for-ncd-prevention-implications-for-public-health
#10
EDITORIAL
Erica Di Ruggiero, Zee Leung, Modi Mwatsama, Greg Hallen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764441/case-report-identification-of-an-hnf1b-p-arg527gln-mutation-in-a-maltese-patient-with-atypical-early-onset-diabetes-and-diabetic-nephropathy
#11
Nikolai Paul Pace, Johann Craus, Alex Felice, Josanne Vassallo
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of atypical non-autoimmune forms of diabetes mellitus, such as maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY) presents several challenges, in view of the extensive clinical and genetic heterogeneity of the disease. In this report we describe a case of atypical non autoimmune diabetes associated with a damaging HNF1β mutation. This is distinguished by a number of uncharacteristic clinical features, including early-onset obesity, the absence of renal cysts and diabetic nephropathy...
May 15, 2018: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760534/retrieval-of-aerosol-optical-properties-using-meris-observations-algorithm-and-some-first-results
#12
Linlu Mei, Vladimir Rozanov, Marco Vountas, John P Burrows, Robert C Levy, Wolfhardt Lotz
The MEdium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS) instrument on board ESA Envisat made measurements from 2002 to 2012. Although MERIS was limited in spectral coverage, accurate Aerosol Optical Thickness (AOT) from MERIS data are retrieved by using appropriate additional information. We introduce a new AOT retrieval algorithm for MERIS over land surfaces, referred to as eXtensible Bremen AErosol Retrieval (XBAER). XBAER is similar to the "dark-target" (DT) retrieval algorithm used for Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), in that it uses a lookup table (LUT) to match to satellite-observed reflectance and derive the AOT...
August 2017: Remote Sensing of Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759434/pulmonary-vein-re-isolation-as-a-routine-strategy-regardless-of-symptoms-the-pressure-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Moloy Das, Gareth J Wynn, Yawer Saeed, Sean Gomes, Maureen Morgan, Christina Ronayne, Laura J Bonnett, Johan E P Waktare, Derick M Todd, Mark C S Hall, Richard L Snowdon, Simon Modi, Dhiraj Gupta
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to determine whether a strategy of early re-isolation of pulmonary vein (PV) reconnection in all patients, regardless of symptoms, would reduce the recurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF) and improve quality of life. BACKGROUND: Lasting pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) remains elusive. PV reconnection is strongly linked to the recurrence of arrhythmia. METHODS: A total of 80 patients with paroxysmal AF were randomized 1:1 after contact force-guided PVI to receive either standard care or undergo a repeat electrophysiology study after 2 months regardless of symptoms (repeat study)...
June 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757265/application-and-comparison-of-the-modis-derived-enhanced-vegetation-index-to-viirs-landsat-5-tm-and-landsat-8-oli-platforms-a-case-study-in-the-arid-colorado-river-delta-mexico
#14
Christopher J Jarchow, Kamel Didan, Armando Barreto-Muñoz, Pamela L Nagler, Edward P Glenn
The Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI) is a key Earth science parameter used to assess vegetation, originally developed and calibrated for the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) aboard the Terra and Aqua satellites. With the impending decommissioning of the MODIS sensors by the year 2020/2022, alternative platforms will need to be used to estimate EVI. We compared Landsat 5 (2000⁻2011), 8 (2013⁻2016) and the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS; 2013⁻2016) to MODIS EVI (2000⁻2016) over a 420,083-ha area of the arid lower Colorado River Delta in Mexico...
May 13, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745358/assessing-a-national-collaborative-program-to-prevent-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-in-a-veterans-health-administration-nursing-home-cohort
#15
Sarah L Krein, M Todd Greene, Beth King, Deborah Welsh, Karen E Fowler, Barbara W Trautner, David Ratz, Sanjay Saint, Gary Roselle, Marla Clifton, Stephen M Kralovic, Tina Martin, Lona Mody
OBJECTIVECollaborative programs have helped reduce catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) rates in community-based nursing homes. We assessed whether collaborative participation produced similar benefits among Veterans Health Administration (VHA) nursing homes, which are part of an integrated system.SETTINGThis study included 63 VHA nursing homes enrolled in the "AHRQ Safety Program for Long-Term Care," which focused on practices to reduce CAUTI.METHODSChanges in CAUTI rates, catheter utilization, and urine culture orders were assessed from June 2015 through May 2016...
May 10, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741868/self-assembled-n-heterocyclic-carbene-based-carboxymethylated-dextran-monolayers-on-gold-as-a-tunable-platform-for-designing-affinity-capture-biosensor-surfaces
#16
Zhijun Li, Kim A Munro, Mina R Narouz, Andrew Lau, Hongxia Hao, Cathleen M Crudden, J Hugh Horton
Sensor surfaces play a predominant role in the development of optical biosensor technologies for applications analyzing biomolecular interactions. Thiol-based self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on gold have been widely used as linker layers for sensor surfaces. However, the degradation of the thiol-gold bond can limit the performance and durability of such surfaces, directly impacting their performance and cost effectiveness. To this end, a new family of materials based on N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs) have emerged as an alternative anchor for surface modification, capable of self-assembling onto a gold surface with higher affinity and superior stability as compared to the thiol-based systems...
May 9, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741370/design-synthesis-antiviral-bioactivity-and-defense-mechanisms-of-novel-dithioacetal-derivatives-bearing-a-strobilurin-moiety
#17
Jin Chen, Jing Shi, Lu Yu, Dengyue Liu, Xiuhai Gan, Song Baoan, De-Yu Hu
A series of dithioacetal derivatives bearing a strobilurin moiety were designed and synthesized on the basis of our previous work. The antiviral activities of these compounds against Potato virus Y (PVY), Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV), and Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) were systematically evaluated. Bioassay results indicated that C14 elicited excellent curative and protective activities against PVY, CMV, and TMV. The former had 50% effective concentrations (EC50) of 125.3, 108.9, and 181.7 μg/mL, respectively, and the latter had 148...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739265/therapeutic-hypothermia-promotes-cerebral-blood-flow-recovery-and-brain-homeostasis-after-resuscitation-from-cardiac-arrest-in-a-rat-model
#18
Qihong Wang, Peng Miao, Hiren R Modi, Sahithi Garikapati, Raymond C Koehler, Nitish V Thakor
Laboratory and clinical studies have demonstrated that therapeutic hypothermia (TH), when applied as soon as possible after resuscitation from cardiac arrest (CA), results in better neurological outcome. This study tested the hypothesis that TH would promote cerebral blood flow (CBF) restoration and its maintenance after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) from CA. Twelve Wistar rats resuscitated from 7-min asphyxial CA were randomized into two groups: hypothermia group (7 H, n = 6), treated with mild TH (33-34℃) immediately after ROSC and normothermia group (7 N, n = 6,37...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738543/analysis-of-air-pollution-over-hanoi-vietnam-using-multi-satellite-and-merra-reanalysis-datasets
#19
Kristofer Lasko, Krishna Prasad Vadrevu, Thanh Thi Nhat Nguyen
Air pollution is one of the major environmental concerns in Vietnam. In this study, we assess the current status of air pollution over Hanoi, Vietnam using multiple different satellite datasets and weather information, and assess the potential to capture rice residue burning emissions with satellite data in a cloud-covered region. We used a timeseries of Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) Ultraviolet Aerosol Index (UVAI) satellite data to characterize absorbing aerosols related to biomass burning. We also tested a timeseries of 3-hourly MERRA-2 reanalysis Black Carbon (BC) concentration data for 5 years from 2012-2016 and explored pollution trends over time...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735738/ancient-thioredoxins-evolved-to-modern-day-stability-function-requirement-by-altering-native-state-ensemble
#20
Tushar Modi, Jonathan Huihui, Kingshuk Ghosh, S Banu Ozkan
Thioredoxins (THRXs)-small globular proteins that reduce other proteins-are ubiquitous in all forms of life, from Archaea to mammals. Although ancestral thioredoxins share sequential and structural similarity with the modern-day (extant) homologues, they exhibit significantly different functional activity and stability. We investigate this puzzle by comparative studies of their (ancient and modern-day THRXs') native state ensemble, as quantified by the dynamic flexibility index (DFI), a metric for the relative resilience of an amino acid to perturbations in the rest of the protein...
June 19, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
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