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Risk factor score for aki

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326106/risk-of-hypoglycemia-after-hospital-discharge-after-acute-kidney-injury-in-patients-with-diabetes
#1
Adriana M Hung, Edward D Siew, Otis D Wilson, Amy M Perkins, Robert A Greevy, Jeffrey Horner, Khaled Abdel-Kader, Sharidan K Parr, Christianne L Roumie, Marie R Griffin, T Alp Ikizler, Theodore Speroff, Michael E Matheny
OBJECTIVE: Hypoglycemia is common in patients with diabetes. The risk of hypoglycemia after acute kidney injury (AKI) is not well-defined. The purpose of this study was to compare the risk for postdischarge hypoglycemia among hospitalized patients with diabetes who do and do not experience AKI. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We performed a propensity-matched analysis of patients with diabetes, with and without AKI, using a retrospective national cohort of veterans hospitalized between 2004 and 2012...
January 11, 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321655/evaluation-of-brain-activity-using-near-infrared-spectroscopy-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-patients
#2
Tatsuo Fujiwara, Soichi Kono, Kyoko Katakura, Kazumichi Abe, Atsushi Takahashi, Naohiko Gunji, Aki Yokokawa, Kazumasa Kawashima, Rieko Suzuki, Akira Wada, Itaru Miura, Hirooki Yabe, Hiromasa Ohira
Depression is implicated as a risk factor for the recurrence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) are useful tools for evaluation of brain activity and a depressive state, respectively. The aim of this study was to clarify the association between brain activity or depressive symptoms and IBD using NIRS and BDNF. This study included 36 ulcerative colitis (UC) patients, 32 Crohn's disease (CD) patients, and 17 healthy controls (HC)...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320311/development-and-validation-of-a-risk-prediction-model-for-acute-kidney-injury-after-the-first-course-of-cisplatin
#3
Shveta S Motwani, Gearoid M McMahon, Benjamin D Humphreys, Ann H Partridge, Sushrut S Waikar, Gary C Curhan
Purpose Cisplatin-associated acute kidney injury (C-AKI) is common. We sought to develop and validate a predictive model for C-AKI after the first course of cisplatin. Methods Clinical and demographic data were collected on patients who received cisplatin between 2000 and 2016 at two cancer centers. C-AKI was defined as a 0.3 mg/dL rise in serum creatinine within 14 days of receiving cisplatin. Using multivariable logistic regression models with C-AKI as the primary outcome, we created a scoring model from the development cohort (DC) and tested it in the validation cohort (VC)...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315336/hyperphosphatemia-is-associated-with-high-mortality-in-severe-burns
#4
George Kuo, Cheng-Chia Lee, Shih-Yi Yang, Yen-Chang Hsiao, Shiow-Shuh Chuang, Su-Wei Chang, Kun-Hua Tu, Pei-Chun Fan, Ya-Chung Tian, Yung-Chang Chen, Chih-Hsiang Chang
INTRODUCTION: Phosphate level is often deranged during acute illness, regardless of the presence of kidney injury or not. A few studies described that hypophosphatemia may associated with outcome in patients admitted to the burn unit, but the literatures for hyperphosphatemia is limited. Our study aims to evaluate if hyperphosphatemia, one of the sign of severe tissue damage or kidney injury, will associate with mortality of patients with severe burns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was a post hoc analysis of prospectively collected data from patients admitted to the burn unit between September 2006 and December 2011...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214784/contrast-induced-acute-kidney-injury-after-coil-embolization-for-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#5
Hyun Goo Lee, Won Ki Kim, Je Young Yeon, Jong Soo Kim, Keon Ha Kim, Pyoung Jeon, Seung Chyul Hong
PURPOSE: Contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) is associated with poor outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention. However, CI-AKI has rarely been evaluated within the neurovascular field. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence and clinical implication of CI-AKI after coil embolization in patients with an aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2005 and March 2016, 192 patients who underwent coil embolization were enrolled in this study...
January 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199512/long-term-renal-and-overall-survival-of-critically-ill-patients-with-acute-renal-injury-who-received-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy
#6
Lingping Wu, Ping Zhang, Yi Yang, Hua Jiang, Yongchun He, Chunping Xu, Huijuan Yan, Qi Guo, Qun Luo, Jianghua Chen
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with the increased short-term mortality of critically ill patients on continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). The aim of this research was to evaluate the association of kidney function at discharge with the long-term renal and overall survival of critically ill patients with AKI who were on CRRT in an intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: We retrospectively collected data for critically ill patients with AKI who were admitted to ICU on CRRT at a tertiary metropolitan hospital in China between 2008 and 2013...
November 2017: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149189/perioperative-body-weight-change-is-associated-with-in-hospital-mortality-in-cardiac-surgical-patients-with-postoperative-acute-kidney-injury
#7
Chih-Chung Shiao, Ya-Ting Huang, Tai-Shuan Lai, Tao-Min Huang, Jian-Jhong Wang, Chun-Te Huang, Pei-Chen Wu, Che-Hsiung Wu, I-Jung Tsai, Li-Jung Tseng, Chih-Hsien Wang, Tzong-Shinn Chu, Kwan-Dun Wu, Vin-Cent Wu
BACKGROUND: Postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) is common following cardiac surgery (CS). Body weight (BW) may be an amenable variable by representing the summation of the nutritional and the fluid status. However, the predictive role of perioperative BW changes in CS patients with severe postoperative AKI is never explored. This study aimed to evaluate this association. METHODS: This study was conducted using a prospectively collected multicenter cohort, NSARF (National Taiwan University Hospital Study Group on Acute Renal Failure) database...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136619/risk-factor-analysis-for-aki-including-laboratory-indicators-a-nationwide-multicenter-study-of-hospitalized-patients
#8
Sasa Nie, Zhe Feng, Li Tang, Xiaolong Wang, Yani He, Jingai Fang, Suhua Li, Yibin Yang, Huijuan Mao, Jundong Jiao, Wenhu Liu, Ning Cao, Wenge Wang, Jifeng Sun, Fengmin Shao, Wenge Li, Qiang He, Hongli Jiang, Hongli Lin, Ping Fu, Xinzhou Zhang, Yinghong Liu, Yonggui Wu, ChunSheng Xi, Meng Liang, Zhijie Qu, Jun Zhu, Guangli Wu, Yali Zheng, Yu Na, Ying Li, Wei Li, Guangyan Cai, Xiangmei Chen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Risk factor studies for acute kidney injury (AKI) in China are lacking, especially those regarding non-traditional risk factors, such as laboratory indicators. METHODS: All adult patients admitted to 38 tertiary and 22 secondary hospitals in China in any one month between July and December 2014 were surveyed. AKI patients were screened according to the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes' definition of AKI. Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors for AKI, and Cox regression was used to analyze the risk of in-hospital mortality for AKI patients; additionally, a propensity score analysis was used to reconfirm the risk factors among laboratory indicators for mortality...
October 24, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132469/-clinical-characteristics-and-prognostic-analysis-of-children-with-congenital-heart-disease-complicated-by-postoperative-acute-kidney-injury
#9
Lian Duan, Guo-Huang Hu, Meng Jiang, Cheng-Liang Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the perioperative clinical data of children with congenital heart disease complicated by acute kidney injury (AKI) after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) surgery, and to explore potential factors influencing the prognosis. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed among 118 children with congenital heart disease who developed AKI within 48 hours after CPB surgery. RESULTS: In the 118 patients, 18 died after 48 hours of surgery...
November 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124867/acute-kidney-injury-in-critically-ill-surgical-patients-epidemiology-risk-factors-and-outcomes
#10
Konlawij Trongtrakul, Chaiwut Sawawiboon, Amanda Y Wang, Anusang Chitsomkasem, Ploynapas Limphunudom, Sathit Kurathong, Surasee Prommoon, Thananda Trakarnvanich, Nattachai Srisawat
AIM: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the most serious complications seen in intensive care units (ICUs). However, its epidemiology, risk factors and clinical outcomes in surgical critically ill patients remains unclear. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in surgical intensive care unit (ICU) of the university hospital in Bangkok, Thailand. AKI was diagnosed according to the KDIGO 2012 criteria. RESULTS: A total of 189 of the 400 patients enrolled in our study developed AKI (47...
November 10, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098438/acute-kidney-injury-in-patients-with-nephrotic-syndrome-undergoing-contrast-enhanced-ct-for-suspected-venous-thromboembolism-a-propensity-score-matched-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Shu Min Tao, Xiang Kong, U Joseph Schoepf, Julian L Wichmann, Darby C Shuler, Chang Sheng Zhou, Guang Ming Lu, Long Jiang Zhang
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether intravenous iodinated contrast material administration increases the risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with nephrotic syndrome undergoing contrast-enhanced CT. METHODS: Patients with nephrotic syndrome undergoing contrast-enhanced CT were retrospectively identified (n = 701). Control group consisted of patients with nephrotic syndrome receiving non-contrast CT (n = 1053). Two different 1:1 propensity score matching models using three or 10 variables were developed for each estimated glomerular filtration (eGFR) subgroup...
November 2, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082520/necrotizing-soft-tissue-infections-a-multicentre-prospective-observational-study-infect-protocol-and-statistical-analysis-plan
#12
M B Madsen, S Skrede, T Bruun, P Arnell, A Rosén, M Nekludov, Y Karlsson, F Bergey, E Saccenti, V A P Martins Dos Santos, A Perner, A Norrby-Teglund, O Hyldegaard
BACKGROUND: The INFECT project aims to advance our understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms in necrotizing soft tissue infections (NSTIs). The INFECT observational study is part of the INFECT project with the aim of studying the clinical profile of patients with NSTIs and correlating these to patient-important outcomes. With this protocol and statistical analysis plan we describe the methods used to obtain data and the details of the planned analyses. METHODS: The INFECT study is a multicentre, prospective observational cohort study...
October 29, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069419/prediction-of-contrast-induced-acute-kidney-injury-using-novel-biomarkers-following-contrast-coronary-angiography
#13
M Connolly, M Kinnin, D Mc Eneaney, I Menown, M J Kurth, J Lamont, N Morgan, M Harbinson
Background: Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a risk factor for contrast induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI). Contrast angiography in CKD patients is a common procedure. Creatinine is a delayed marker of CI-AKI and delays diagnosis which results in significant morbidity and mortality. Aim: Early diagnosis of CI-AKI requires validated novel biomarkers. Design: A prospective observation study of 301 consecutive CKD patients undergoing coronary angiography was performed...
October 23, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047023/heparin-binding-protein-hbp-improves-prediction-of-sepsis-related-acute-kidney-injury
#14
Jonas Tverring, Suvi T Vaara, Jane Fisher, Meri Poukkanen, Ville Pettilä, Adam Linder
BACKGROUND: Sepsis-related acute kidney injury (AKI) accounts for major morbidity and mortality among the critically ill. Heparin-binding protein (HBP) is a promising biomarker in predicting development and prognosis of severe sepsis and septic shock that has recently been proposed to be involved in the pathophysiology of AKI. The objective of this study was to investigate the added predictive value of measuring plasma HBP on admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) regarding the development of septic AKI...
October 18, 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038877/the-assessment-of-the-risk-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-patients-undergoing-an-urgent-endovascular-treatment-due-to-severe-renal-bleeding
#15
P Piasecki, T Ząbkowski, K Brzozowski, J Narloch, P Zięcina, M Dziuk, K Tkaczewski, H Zieliński
INTRODUCTION: This study was designed to assess the clinical factors associated with the development of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients undergoing endovascular treatment during the course of severe renal bleeding. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of 36 consecutive patients who were treated endovascularly between January 2006 and December 2016 for anemia caused by iatrogenic (26 pts) or posttraumatic (10 pts) renal bleeding. Typical patient data, baseline, and postprocedural blood parameters were evaluated...
October 16, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031454/a-new-plasma-biomarker-enhance-the-clinical-prediction-of-postoperative-acute-kidney-injury-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#16
Xing Zhou, Liyu Wang, Guoliang Wang, Xiang Cheng, Shaobo Hu, Wenbo Ke, Min Li, Yong Zhang, Zifang Song, Qichang Zheng
BACKGROUND: The ratio of serum γ-glutamyl transferase (GGT) to alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (GGT/ALT) is a marker for evaluating effects to antivirotic treatment and a helpful predictive factor for the prognosis of Child-Pugh A hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients after surgery. The relationship between the incidence of postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) and preoperative GGT/ALT is studied in hepatectomized hepatitis B- or C- associated HCC patients. METHODS: A total of 253 hepatitis B or C virus-related HCC patients undergoing hepatectomy between September 2012 and August 2016 at our hospital were included in the retrospective study...
December 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868069/urinary-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-as-a-predictor-of-acute-kidney-injury-severe-kidney-injury-and-the-need-for-renal-replacement-therapy-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#17
Fatma I Albeladi, Haifa M Algethamy
BACKGROUND: Recent attempts were made to identify early indicators of acute kidney injury (AKI) in order to accelerate treatment and hopefully improve outcomes. This study aims to assess the value of urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL) as a predictor of AKI, severe AKI, and the need for renal replacement therapy (RRT). METHODS: We conducted a prospective study and included adults admitted to our intensive care unit (ICU) at King Abdulaziz University Hospital (KAUH), between May 2012 and June 2013, who had at least 1 major risk factor for AKI...
May 2017: Nephron Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833503/persistent-acute-kidney-injury-following-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#18
Charat Thongprayoon, Wisit Cheungpasitporn, Michael A Mao, Narat Srivali, Wonngarm Kittanamongkolchai, Andrew M Harrison, Kevin L Greason, Kianoush B Kashani
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) and its severity after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) have been associated with worse outcomes. Studies have shown that AKI duration (transient or persistent) affects outcomes independently of AKI severity. This study was undertaken to determine the association, risk factors, and outcomes associated with persistent AKI (pAKI) after TAVR. METHODS: Adult patients undergoing TAVR at Mayo Clinic between January 1, 2008 and June 30, 2014 were enrolled...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814331/circulating-levels-of-soluble-fas-scd95-are-associated-with-risk-for-development-of-a-nonresolving-acute-kidney-injury-subphenotype
#19
Pavan K Bhatraju, Cassianne Robinson-Cohen, Carmen Mikacenic, Susanna Harju-Baker, Victoria Dmyterko, Natalie S J Slivinski, W Conrad Liles, Jonathan Himmelfarb, Susan R Heckbert, Mark M Wurfel
BACKGROUND: Critically ill patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) can be divided into two subphenotypes, resolving or nonresolving, on the basis of the trajectory of serum creatinine. It is unknown if the biology underlying these two AKI recovery patterns is different. METHODS: We measured eight circulating biomarkers in plasma obtained from a cohort of patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) (n = 1241) with systemic inflammatory response syndrome...
August 17, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801674/a-new-scoring-model-for-the-prediction-of-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury
#20
Min Luo, Yuan Yang, Jun Xu, Wei Cheng, Xu-Wei Li, Mi-Mi Tang, Hong Liu, Fu-You Liu, Shao-Bin Duan
Currently, little information is available to stratify the risks and predict acute kidney injury (AKI)-associated death. In this present cross-sectional study, a novel scoring model was established to predict the probability of death within 90 days in patients with AKI diagnosis. For establishment of predictive scoring model, clinical data of 1169 hospitalized patients with AKI were retrospectively collected, and 731 patients of them as the first group were analyzed by the method of multivariate logistic regression analysis to create a scoring model and further predict patient death...
August 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
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