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regurgitant valvular lesions

Muataz Fawzi Hussein, Samirra Rashid Jabbar Al-Mayahi, Samar I Essa
BACKGROUND: Mitral regurgitation (MR) is the most commonly encountered valve lesion in modern clinical practice. Severe mitral regurgitation may cause systolic dysfunction. Left ventricular ejection fraction may not be an accurate measurement of LV function in patients with mitral insufficiency. Myocardial performance index (MPI) is a simple non invasive measure of myocardial function. METHODS: The study involved 50 patients with valvular mitral regurgitation and 50 healthy subjects as a control group...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
Abdel GaffarA Mohammed, Abdulaziz A Alghamdi, Mohammad A ALjahlan, Ibrahim A Al-Homood
The aim of this study is to use transthoracic echocardiographic (TTE) imaging methods to identify cardiac dysfunction in asymptomatic systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients and to determine the association between echocardiographic findings and serology. This is a prospective cross-sectional study where 50 patients with confirmed diagnoses of SLE were recruited from rheumatology outpatient clinics. Clinical and serological evaluation to confirm the diagnosis of lupus was done in all patients. Fifty SLE patients, 46 (92%) females and 4 (8%) males, were recruited...
November 19, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
Anurag Mehta, Anita Saxena, Rajnish Juneja, Sivasubramanian Ramakrishnan, Saurabh Gupta, Shyam Sundar Kothari
BACKGROUND: Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) causes significant morbidity among children of low and middle-income countries. We aimed to assess characteristics and outcomes of Indian children enrolled in a tertiary care hospital RHD registry. METHODS: Pediatric patients (≤18years) were prospectively enrolled over three years. We evaluated their clinical and echocardiographic characteristics, valvular interventions, adherence to penicillin prophylaxis, and mortality...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Cesare Quarto, Simon Davies, Alison Duncan, Alistair Lindsay, Georg Lutter, Lucian Lozonschi, Neil Moat
OBJECTIVE: A small number of transcatheter mitral valve implants (TMVIs) have been reported using devices designed to treat secondary mitral regurgitation (MR). However, MR has many etiologies, and patients have a broad spectrum of annular size, geometry, and lesions. There are a number of technical challenges for TMVI including left ventricular outflow tract obstruction and paravalvular MR. Thirty days' outcome of first-in-man implants with a novel TMVI device is reported. METHODS: The Tendyne TMVI system consists of a porcine pericardial valve in a tethered nitinol frame...
May 2016: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
S L Roberts, J Dukes-McEwan
The Donkey Sanctuary (DS) owns 3500-4000 donkeys, estimated to be about 35 per cent of the UK population. Although postmortem surveys suggest a high prevalence of cardiovascular disease in donkeys, there is sparse clinical information about cardiovascular examination findings and echocardiographic findings in health and disease. In this cross-sectional study, auscultation findings were recorded, and in a subset of donkeys, echocardiography was used to screen for structural and functional cardiac disease. 202 donkeys were examined; 117 geldings and 85 females...
October 15, 2016: Veterinary Record
J C Tantchou Tchoumi, J C Ambassa, G Butera
The aim of the study was to investigate the pattern of valvular lesions, the mortality and the challenges in five years follow-up in children with post-rheumatic valvulopathies in natural history in St. Elizabeth Catholic General hospital Shisong, cardiac centre. This retrospective analysis included 270 patients aged between 5 and 16 years old suffering from post-rheumatic valvulopathies who consulted in the cardiac centre from July 2008 through July 2013. Postrheumatic valvulopathies were diagnosed according to the World heart federation criteria...
December 2016: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
Yasuhiro Hamatani, Hatsue Ishibashi-Ueda, Toshiyuki Nagai, Yasuo Sugano, Hideaki Kanzaki, Satoshi Yasuda, Tomoyuki Fujita, Junjiro Kobayashi, Toshihisa Anzai
BACKGROUND: Congenital bicuspid aortic valve (CBAV) is the main cause of aortic stenosis (AS) in young adults. However, the histopathological features of AS in patients with CBAV have not been fully investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined specimens of aortic valve leaflets obtained from patients who had undergone aortic valve re/placement at our institution for severe AS with CBAV (n = 24, CBAV-AS group), severe AS with tricuspid aortic valve (n = 24, TAV-AS group), and severe aortic regurgitation (AR) with CBAV (n = 24, CBAV-AR group)...
2016: PloS One
N Gao, W P Ci, C Y Tian, J Du, Z J Zhou, T Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical features of valvular lesions in Takayasu's arteritis. METHODS: We analyzed 22 medical records of patients with Takayasu's arteritis and valvular lesions in Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2012 to January 2015. RESULTS: The spectrums of valvular involvements were aortic valve regurgitation (11, 50%), aortic valve stenosis (1, 4.5%), mitral valve regurgitation (1, 4.5%), mitral valve stenosis (1, 4...
July 19, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
M Kucuk, R Ozdemir, C Karadeniz, K Celegen, M Demirol, M M Yilmazer, T Mese, N Unal
INTRODUCTION: In this study, we aimed to evaluate Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) in patients with acute rheumatic carditis during the acute phase and after anti-inflammatory therapy. METHODS: Pediatric patients diagnosed with acute rheumatic carditis (ARC) between 2006 and 2014 and age- and sex-matched controls were retrospectively analyzed. At the time of diagnosis and after 2 months of medical therapy, we reviewed the obtained demographic features; echocardiographic data; complete blood count reports, including RDW; acute phase reactants, including C-reactive protein; and erythrocyte sedimentation rate values...
October 2016: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
N Gao, W Han, W P Ci, H Liao, J Du
OBJECTIVE: To analysis the clinical features of cardiovascular involvement in Behcet's disease. METHODS: We reviewed 35 medical records of Behcet's disease with cardiovascular lesions in Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2002 to January 2014. 77.1% patients (27/35) were male. The mean (x±s) age when cardiovascular diseases occur was 37.19±10.4 years in male and 36.0±8.6 years in female respectively. RESULTS: The clinical spectrum of cardiovascular abnormalities included valvular regurgitation (20, 57...
May 24, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Rahmi Zeybek, Ahmet Bacaksiz, Rasul Sharifov, Emrah Sevgili, Yasin Ay
We report the case of a patient with situs inversus totalis, annuloaortic ectasia complicated by aortic insufficiency and mitral regurgitation which induced congestive heart failure. Both valvular lesions were repaired physiologically using aortic root sparing Yacoub 'remodeling' technique and mitral ring annuloplasty. Valve sparing techniques can be used effectively even in patients with complicated clinical scenarios (like dextrocardia and annuloaortic ectasia) to avoid the potential risks related to prosthetic valve implantation and lifelong anticoagulation therapy...
March 2016: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
Vishal Sharma, Ralph A Stewart, Mildred Lee, Ruvin Gabriel, Niels Van Pelt, David E Newby, Andrew J Kerr
OBJECTIVE: Plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) concentrations predict prognosis in patients with valvular heart disease (VHD), but it is unclear whether this directly relates to disease severity. We assessed the relationship between BNP and echocardiographic measures of disease severity in patients with VHD. METHODS: Plasma BNP concentrations were measured in patients with normal left ventricular (LV) systolic function and isolated VHD (mitral regurgitation (MR), n=33; aortic regurgitation (AR), n=39; aortic stenosis (AS), n=34; mitral stenosis (MS), n=30), and age-matched and sex-matched controls (n=39) immediately prior to exercise stress echocardiography...
2016: Open Heart
Ahmad Mahir Shamsuddin, Yen Chuan Chen, Abdul Rahim Wong, Trong-Phi Le, Robert H Anderson, Antonio F Corno
OBJECTIVES: Doubly committed ventricular septal defects (VSDs) account for up to almost one-third of isolated ventricular septal defects in Asian countries, compared with only 1/20th in western populations. In our surgical experience, this type of defect accounted for almost three-quarters of our practice. To date, patch closure has been considered the gold standard for surgical treatment of these lesions. Our objectives are to evaluate the indications and examine the outcomes of surgery for doubly committed VSDs...
August 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Philippe Unger, Marie-Annick Clavel, Brian R Lindman, Patrick Mathieu, Philippe Pibarot
Multivalvular disease (MVD) is common among patients with valvular disease, and has a complex pathophysiology dependent on the specific combination of valve lesions. Diagnosis is challenging because several echocardiographic methods commonly used for the assessment of stenosis or regurgitation have been validated only in patients with single-valve disease. Decisions about the timing and type of treatment should be made by a multidisciplinary heart valve team, on a case-by-case basis. Several factors should be considered, including the severity and consequences of the MVD, the patient's life expectancy and comorbidities, the surgical risk associated with combined valve procedures, the long-term risk of morbidity and mortality associated with multiple valve prostheses, and the likelihood and risk of reoperation...
July 2016: Nature Reviews. Cardiology
Peter H Ma, Ritu Sachdeva, Elizabeth C Wilson, Nina A Guzzetta
Polyvalvar myxomatous valve degeneration is a clinical pathology rarely encountered during cardiac anesthesia, but, when present, most commonly occurs in the context of a connective tissue disorder. Filamin A mutations have begun to be recognized as a source of progressive myxomatous mitral and tricuspid valve degeneration. These lesions can be diagnosed by echo, but their clinical presentation can be equivocal. We present a patient with significant echocardiographic findings of mitral and tricuspid valvar regurgitation, aortic dilatation, and intraoperative findings of aortic ectasia...
September 2016: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Clovis Nkoke, Alain Lekoubou, Anastase Dzudie, Ahmadou Musa Jingi, Samuel Kingue, Alain Menanga, Andre Pascal Kengne
BACKGROUND: Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD) remains a major cause of childhood acquired heart disease in developing countries. However reported echocardiographic features are limited to a few countries. This report is on the demographic and echocardiographic features of RHD in children using data from the largest referral hospital in Yaounde, the capital city of Cameroon. METHODS: The register of the cardiac ultrasound unit of the Yaounde General Hospital for the period 2003-2013 served as basis for data collection...
March 21, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
Samuel Kingué, Serigne Abdou Ba, Dhadi Balde, Mamadou Bocary Diarra, Jean-Baptiste Anzouan-Kacou, Benedict Anisubia, Jean-Marie Damorou, Pierre Ndobo, Alain Menanga, Abdoul Kane, Maurice Kakou-Guikahué, Monique Kenfack, Bernard Metogo, David Chelo, Euloge Yangnigni, Cabral Tantchou, Edmond Bertrand, Jean-Jacques Monsuez
BACKGROUND: There are few African data available on rheumatic heart disease (RHD). AIM: To provide data on the clinical characteristics and treatment of patients with RHD hospitalized in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: The VALVAFRIC study is a multicentre hospital-based retrospective registry of patients with RHD hospitalized in African cardiology departments from 2004 to 2008. RESULTS: Among 3441 patients with at least one mild RHD lesion seen on echocardiography in 5 years in 12 cardiology departments from seven countries, 1385 had severe lesions (502 men; 803 women; mean age 29...
May 2016: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
Ioana Pasca, Patricia Dang, Gaurav Tyagi, Ramdas G Pai
BACKGROUND: Severe mitral annular calcification causing degenerative mitral stenosis (DMS) is increasingly encountered in patients undergoing mitral and aortic valve interventions. However, its clinical profile and natural history and the factors affecting survival remain poorly characterized. The goal of this study was to characterize the factors affecting survival in patients with DMS. METHODS: An institutional echocardiographic database was searched for patients with DMS, defined as severe mitral annular calcification without commissural fusion and a mean transmitral diastolic gradient of ≥2 mm Hg...
May 2016: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Hasit Sureshbhai Joshi, Jagjeet Kishanrao Deshmukh, Jayesh Somabhai Prajapati, Sibasis Shahsikant Sahoo, Pooja Maheshbhai Vyas, Iva Vipul Patel
INTRODUCTION: In pregnant women mitral stenosis is the commonest cardiac valvular lesion. When it is present in majorly severe condition it leads to maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. In mitral stenosis pregnancy can lead to development of heart failure. AIM: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of balloon mitral valvulotomy (BMV) in pregnant females with severe mitral stenosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 pregnant patients who underwent BMV were included in the study from July 2011 to November 2013...
December 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Vishal Sharma, David E Newby, Ralph A H Stewart, Mildred Lee, Ruvin Gabriel, Niels Van Pelt, Andrew J Kerr
Stress echocardiography is recommended for the assessment of asymptomatic patients with severe valvular heart disease (VHD) when there is discrepancy between symptoms and resting markers of severity. The aim of this study is to determine the prognostic value of exercise stress echocardiography in patients with common valve lesions. One hundred and fifteen patients with VHD (aortic stenosis (n=28); aortic regurgitation (n=35); mitral regurgitation, (n=26); mitral stenosis (n=26)), and age- and sex-matched controls (n=39) with normal ejection fraction underwent exercise stress echocardiography...
September 1, 2015: Echo Research and Practice
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