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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533472/yersinia-pestis-yopk-inhibits-bacterial-adhesion-to-host-cells-by-binding-to-the-extracellular-matrix-adaptor-protein-matrilin-2
#1
Yafang Tan, Wanbing Liu, Qingwen Zhang, Shiyang Cao, Haihong Zhao, Tong Wang, Zhizhen Qi, Yanping Han, Yajun Song, Xiaoyi Wang, Ruifu Yang, Zongmin Du
Pathogenic yersiniae harbor a type III secretion system (T3SS) that injects Yersinia outer protein (Yop) into host cells. YopK has been shown to control Yop translocation and prevent inflammasome recognition of T3SS by the innate immune system. Here, we demonstrate that YopK inhibits bacterial adherence to host cells by binding to the extracellular matrix adaptor protein matrilin-2 (MATN2). YopK binds to MATN2 and deleting the amino acids 91--124 disrupts binding of YopK to MATN2. A yopK null mutant exhibits hyper-adhesive phenotype, which could be responsible for the established Yop hyper-translocation phenotype of yopK mutant...
May 22, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522850/pseudomonas-aeruginosa-exolysin-promotes-bacterial-growth-in-lungs-alveolar-damage-and-bacterial-dissemination
#2
Stéphanie Bouillot, Patrick Munro, Benoit Gallet, Emeline Reboud, François Cretin, Guillaume Golovkine, Guy Schoehn, Ina Attrée, Emmanuel Lemichez, Philippe Huber
Exolysin (ExlA) is a recently-identified pore-forming toxin secreted by a subset of Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains identified worldwide and devoid of Type III secretion system (T3SS), a major virulence factor. Here, we characterized at the ultrastructural level the lesions caused by an ExlA-secreting strain, CLJ1, in mouse infected lungs. CLJ1 induced necrotic lesions in pneumocytes and endothelial cells, resulting in alveolo-vascular barrier breakdown. Ectopic expression of ExlA in an exlA-negative strain induced similar tissue injuries...
May 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512146/science-signaling-podcast-for-16-may-2017-vibrio-rewires-host-cells
#3
Nicole J De Nisco, Kim Orth, Annalisa M VanHook
This Podcast features a conversation with Kim Orth and Nicole De Nisco, authors of a Research Resource that appears in the 16 May 2017 issue of Science Signaling, about how the marine bacterium Vibrio parahaemolyticus rewires host cell signaling networks. V. parahaemolyticus thrives in warm brackish waters and infects both shellfish and finfish. This bacterium causes gastroenteritis when humans consume contaminated seafood that is raw or undercooked. V. parahaemolyticus delivers virulence factors into host cells through two different type 3 secretion systems (T3SSes)...
May 16, 2017: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509355/lon-protease-modulates-virulence-traits-in-erwinia-amylovora-by-directly-monitoring-major-regulators-and-indirectly-through-the-rcs-and-gac-csr-regulatory-systems
#4
Jae Hoon Lee, Veronica Ancona, Youfu Zhao
Lon, an ATP-dependent protease in bacteria, influences diverse cellular processes by degrading damaged, misfolded and short-lived regulatory proteins. In this study, we characterized the effects of lon mutation and determined the molecular mechanisms underlying Lon-mediated virulence regulation in Erwinia amylovora, an enterobacterial pathogen of apple. E. amylovora depends on the type III secretion system (T3SS) and the exopolysaccharide (EPS) amylovoran to cause disease. Our results showed that mutation of the lon gene led to overproduction of amylovoran, increased T3SS gene expression and non-motile phenotype...
May 16, 2017: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507064/tumor-necrosis-factor-receptor-associated-factor-6-traf6-mediates-ubiquitination-dependent-stat3-activation-upon-salmonella-typhimurium-infection
#5
Hai-Hua Ruan, Zhen Zhang, Su-Ying Wang, Logan M Nickels, Li Tian, Jian-Jun Qiao, Jun Zhu
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S Typhimurium) can inject effector proteins into host cells via Type III secretion systems (T3SSs). These effector proteins modulate a variety of host transcriptional responses to facilitate bacterial growth and survival. Here, we show that S Typhimurium infection of host cells specifically induces ubiquitination of tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6). This TRAF6 ubiquitination is triggered by the Salmonella pathogenicity island-1 (SPI-I) T3SS effectors SopB and SopE2...
May 15, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505295/phylogenetic-distribution-of-tir-cytoskeleton-coupling-protein-tccp-and-tccp2-genes-in-atypical-enteropathogenic-escherichia-coli
#6
Fernando H Martins, Roberto Nepomuceno, Roxane M F Piazza, Waldir P Elias
Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) strains employ the type III secretion system (T3SS) effector Tir to induce actin cytoskeletal rearrangements. While some EPEC require tyrosine phosphorylation (Y-P) of Tir to trigger actin assembling, certain strains whose Tir is not tyrosine phosphorylated utilize the T3SS effector Tir-cytoskeleton coupling protein (TccP/TccP2) for efficient actin polymerization. The presence of tccP/tccP2 in typical EPEC belonging to distinct evolutionary lineages is well established but, in contrast, little is known about the distribution of these genes in atypical EPEC (aEPEC) showing distinct phylogenetic background...
May 15, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500733/bordetella-effector-bopn-is-translocated-into-host-cells-via-its-n-terminal-residues
#7
Akio Abe, Ryutaro Nishimura, Asaomi Kuwae
Bordetella bronchiseptica infects a wide variety of mammals, and the type III secretion system (T3SS) is involved in the long-term colonization of Bordetella in the trachea and lung. The T3SS translocates virulence factors (commonly referred to as effectors) into host cells, leading to alteration of the host physiological function. The Bordetella effectors BopN and BteA are known to have roles in the up-regulation of IL-10 and the cytotoxicity, respectively. Nevertheless, the mechanism by which BopN is translocated into host cells has not been examined in sufficient detail...
May 13, 2017: Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488468/functional-characterization-of-key-residues-in-regulatory-proteins-hrpg-and-hrpv-of-pseudomonas-syringae-pv-tomato-dc3000
#8
Milija Jovanovic, Christopher Waite, Ellen James, Nicholas Synn, Timothy Simpson, Ioly Kotta-Loizou, Martin Buck
The plant pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000, uses a Type III secretion system (T3SS) to transfer effector proteins into the host. The expression of T3SS proteins is controlled by the HrpL sigma factor. Transcription of hrpL is sigma54-dependent and bacterial enhancer binding proteins HrpR and HrpS co-activate the hrpL promoter. The HrpV protein imposes negative control upon HrpRS through direct interaction with HrpS. HrpG interacts with HrpV and relieves such negative control. The sequence alignments across Hrp Group I-type plant pathogens revealed conserved HrpV and HrpG amino acids...
May 10, 2017: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485369/control-of-type-iii-protein-secretion-using-a-minimal-genetic-system
#9
Miryoung Song, David J Sukovich, Luciano Ciccarelli, Julia Mayr, Jesus Fernandez-Rodriguez, Ethan A Mirsky, Alex C Tucker, D Benjamin Gordon, Thomas C Marlovits, Christopher A Voigt
Gram-negative bacteria secrete proteins using a type III secretion system (T3SS), which functions as a needle-like molecular machine. The many proteins involved in T3SS construction are tightly regulated due to its role in pathogenesis and motility. Here, starting with the 35 kb Salmonella pathogenicity island 1 (SPI-1), we eliminated internal regulation and simplified the genetics by removing or recoding genes, scrambling gene order and replacing all non-coding DNA with synthetic genetic parts. This process results in a 16 kb cluster that shares no sequence identity, regulation or organizational principles with SPI-1...
May 9, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469612/fis-regulates-type-iii-secretion-system-by-influencing-the-transcription-of-exsa-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-strain-pa14
#10
Xuan Deng, Mei Li, Xiaolei Pan, Ruiping Zheng, Chang Liu, Fei Chen, Xue Liu, Zhihui Cheng, Shouguang Jin, Weihui Wu
Fis is a versatile DNA binding protein in bacteria. It has been demonstrated in multiple bacteria that Fis plays crucial roles in regulating bacterial virulence factors and optimizing bacterial adaptation to various environments. However, the role of Fis in Pseudomonas aeruginosa virulence as well as gene regulation remains largely unknown. Here, we found that Fis was required for the virulence of P. aeruginosa in a murine acute pneumonia model. Transcriptome analysis revealed that expression of T3SS genes, including master regulator ExsA, was defective in a fis::Tn mutant...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465427/extra-extracellular-effector-delivery-into-host-cells-via-the-type-3-secretion-system
#11
Melissa M Kendall
The type three secretion system (T3SS) is critical for the virulence of diverse bacterial pathogens. Pathogens use the T3SS to deliver effector proteins into host cells and manipulate host signaling pathways. The prevailing mechanism is that effectors translocate from inside the T3SS directly into the host cell. Recent studies reveal an alternative mechanism of effector translocation, in which an effector protein located outside the bacterial cell relies on the T3SS for delivery into host cells. Tejeda-Dominguez et al...
May 2, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459057/chlamydial-type-iii-secretion-system-needle-protein-induces-protective-immunity-against-chlamydia-muridarum-intravaginal-infection
#12
Ekaterina A Koroleva, Natalie V Kobets, Dmitrii N Shcherbinin, Naylia A Zigangirova, Maxim M Shmarov, Amir I Tukhvatulin, Denis Y Logunov, Boris S Naroditsky, Alexander L Gintsburg
Chlamydia trachomatis imposes serious health problems and causes infertility. Because of asymptomatic onset, it often escapes antibiotic treatment. Therefore, vaccines offer a better option for the prevention of unwanted inflammatory sequelae. The existence of serologically distinct serovars of C. trachomatis suggests that a vaccine will need to provide protection against multiple serovars. Chlamydia spp. use a highly conserved type III secretion system (T3SS) composed of structural and effector proteins which is an essential virulence factor...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455335/yersinia-pestis-resists-predation-by-acanthamoeba-castellanii-and-exhibits-prolonged-intracellular-survival
#13
Javier A Benavides-Montaño, Viveka Vadyvaloo
Plague is a flea-borne rodent-associated zoonotic disease caused by Yersinia pestis The disease is characterized by epizootics with high rodent mortalities, punctuated by inter-epizootic periods when the bacterium persists in an unknown reservoir. This study investigates the interaction between Y. pestis and the ubiquitous soil free-living amoeba (FLA), Acanthamoeba castellanii, to assess if the bacterium can survive within soil amoeba and whether intracellular mechanisms are conserved between infection of mammalian macrophages and soil amoeba...
April 28, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451521/t3ss-independent-uptake-of-the-short-trip-toxin-related-recombinant-nlec-effector-of-enteropathogenic-escherichia-coli-leads-to-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-p65-cleavage
#14
Anne-Sophie Stolle, Stefanie Norkowski, Britta Körner, Jürgen Schmitz, Lena Lüken, Maj Frankenberg, Christian Rüter, M Alexander Schmidt
Effector proteins secreted by the type 3 secretion system (T3SS) of pathogenic bacteria have been shown to precisely modulate important signaling cascades of the host for the benefit of the pathogens. Among others, the non-LEE encoded T3SS effector protein NleC of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) is a Zn-dependent metalloprotease and suppresses innate immune responses by directly targeting the NF-κB signaling pathway. Many pathogenic bacteria release potent bacterial toxins of the A-B type, which-in contrast to the direct cytoplasmic injection of T3SS effector proteins-are released first into the environment...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450852/pan-genomic-analysis-permits-differentiation-of-virulent-and-non-virulent-strains-of-xanthomonas-arboricola-that-cohabit-prunus-spp-and-elucidate-bacterial-virulence-factors
#15
Jerson Garita-Cambronero, Ana Palacio-Bielsa, María M López, Jaime Cubero
Xanthomonas arboricola is a plant-associated bacterial species that causes diseases on several plant hosts. One of the most virulent pathovars within this species is X. arboricola pv. pruni (Xap), the causal agent of bacterial spot disease of stone fruit trees and almond. Recently, a non-virulent Xap-look-a-like strain isolated from Prunus was characterized and its genome compared to pathogenic strains of Xap, revealing differences in the profile of virulence factors, such as the genes related to the type III secretion system (T3SS) and type III effectors (T3Es)...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441105/transcriptomic-dissection-of-the-horizontally-acquired-response-regulator-esrb-reveals-its-global-regulatory-roles-in-the-physiological-adaptation-and-activation-of-t3ss-and-the-cognate-effector-repertoire-in-edwardsiella-piscicida-during-infection-towards
#16
Yang Liu, Luyao Zhao, Minjun Yang, Kaiyu Yin, Xiaohui Zhou, Ka Yin Leung, Qin Liu, Yuanxing Zhang, Qiyao Wang
Edwardsiella piscicida is the leading pathogen threatening worldwide aquaculture industries. The two-component system (TCS) EsrA-EsrB is essential for the pathogenesis of this bacterium. However, little is known about the regulon and regulatory mechanism of EsrA-EsrB or about the factors that mediate the interaction of TCS with bacterial hosts. Here, our RNA-seq analysis indicated that EsrB strongly induces type III and type VI secretion systems (T3/T6SS) expression and that it modulates the expression of both physiology- and virulence-associated genes in E...
April 25, 2017: Virulence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435841/evading-plant-immunity-feedback-control-of-the-t3ss-in-pseudomonas-syringae
#17
COMMENT
Christopher Waite, Jörg Schumacher, Milija Jovanovic, Mark Bennett, Martin Buck
Microbes are responsible for over 10% of the global yield losses in staple crops such as wheat, rice, and maize. Understanding the decision-making strategies that enable bacterial plant pathogens to evade the host immune system and cause disease is essential for managing their ever growing threat to food security. Many utilise the needle-like type III secretion system (T3SS) to suppress plant immunity, by injecting effector proteins that inhibit eukaryotic signalling pathways into the host cell cytoplasm. Plants can in turn evolve resistance to specific pathogens via recognition and blocking of the T3SS effectors, so leading to an ongoing co-evolutionary 'arms race' between pathogen and host pairs...
March 17, 2017: Microbial Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426838/a-second-wave-of-salmonella-t3ss1-activity-prolongs-the-lifespan-of-infected-epithelial-cells
#18
Ciaran E Finn, Audrey Chong, Kendal G Cooper, Tregei Starr, Olivia Steele-Mortimer
Type III secretion system 1 (T3SS1) is used by the enteropathogen Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium to establish infection in the gut. Effector proteins translocated by this system across the plasma membrane facilitate invasion of intestinal epithelial cells. One such effector, the inositol phosphatase SopB, contributes to invasion and mediates activation of the pro-survival kinase Akt. Following internalization, some bacteria escape from the Salmonella-containing vacuole into the cytosol and there is evidence suggesting that T3SS1 is expressed in this subpopulation...
April 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401683/a-global-survey-of-bacterial-type-iii-secretion-systems-and-their-effectors
#19
Yueming Hu, He Huang, Xi Cheng, Xingsheng Shu, Aaron P White, John Stavrinides, Wolfgang Köster, Guoqiang Zhu, Zhendong Zhao, Yejun Wang
The type III secretion system (T3SS) is an important genetic determinant that mediates interactions between Gram-negative bacteria and their eukaryotic hosts. Our understanding of the T3SS continues to expand, yet the availability of new bacterial genomes prompts questions about its diversity, distribution, and evolution. Through a comprehensive survey of ∼20,000 bacterial genomes, we identified 174 non-redundant T3SSs from 109 genera and 5 phyla. Many of the bacteria are environmental strains that have not been reported to interact with eukaryotic hosts, while several species groups carry multiple T3SSs...
April 12, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396545/salicylidene-acylhydrazides-and-hydroxyquinolines-act-as-inhibitors-of-type-three-secretion-systems-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-by-distinct-mechanisms
#20
Ahalieyah Anantharajah, Julien M Buyck, Charlotta Sundin, Paul M Tulkens, Marie-Paule Mingeot-Leclercq, Françoise Van Bambeke
Type three secretion systems (T3SS) are major virulence factors in Gram-negative bacteria. Pseudomonas aeruginosa expresses two T3SS, namely an injectisome (iT3SS) translocating effector proteins in the host cell cytosol, and a flagellum (fT3SS) insuring bacterial motility. Inhibiting these systems is an appealing therapeutic strategy for acute infections. This study examines the protective effects of the salicylidene acylhydrazide INP0341 and of the hydroxyquinoline INP1750 (previously described as T3SS inhibitors in other species) towards cytotoxic effects of P...
April 10, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
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