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Knee injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222578/the-effects-of-prevent-injury-and-enhance-performance-program-in-a-female-soccer-team
#1
Cristina Rodríguez, Soledad Echegoyen, Takeshi Aoyama
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the changes of muscle strength in lower limbs and knee valgus alignment using the Prevent Injury and Enhance Performance Program (PEP program) to prevent ACL injuries in female soccer players during an entire season. METHODS: A longitudinal and prospective study was done in twenty female soccer players at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, from a senior team. During 24 weeks the training program was applied three times a week as a part of the team workouts...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220268/anterolateral-ligament-expert-group-consensus-paper-on-the-management-of-internal-rotation-and-instability-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-deficient-knee
#2
REVIEW
Bertrand Sonnery-Cottet, Matthew Daggett, Jean-Marie Fayard, Andrea Ferretti, Camilo Partezani Helito, Martin Lind, Edoardo Monaco, Vitor Barion Castro de Pádua, Mathieu Thaunat, Adrian Wilson, Stefano Zaffagnini, Jacco Zijl, Steven Claes
Purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the latest research on the anterolateral ligament (ALL) and present the consensus of the ALL Expert Group on the anatomy, radiographic landmarks, biomechanics, clinical and radiographic diagnosis, lesion classification, surgical technique and clinical outcomes. A consensus on controversial subjects surrounding the ALL and anterolateral knee instability has been established based on the opinion of experts, the latest publications on the subject and an exchange of experiences during the ALL Experts Meeting (November 2015, Lyon, France)...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219089/arthroscopic-treatment-of-isolated-hoffa-fractures
#3
Ersin Ercin, Emre Baca, Cemal Kural
The goal of this study was to evaluate the results of a novel method, arthroscopic fixation of isolated Hoffa fractures.This is a prospective, case series and set at Level 1 trauma center. A total of eight patients with isolated Hoffa fractures who were operated by arthroscopic screw fixation method in the anterior posterior direction with 6.5 mm cannulated screws were followed up prospectively. Same surgical method used for all patients. All patients underwent the same rehabilitation program and active range of motion (ROM) exercises were started immediately...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218341/influence-of-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis-on-dynamic-postural-control-parameters-among-older-fallers
#4
Sumaiyah Mat, Chin Teck Ng, Maw Pin Tan
OBJECTIVE: To compare the relationship between postural control and knee and hip osteoarthritis in older adults with and without a history of falls. METHODS: Fallers were those with ≥ 2 falls or 1 injurious fall over 12 months. Non-fallers were volunteers with no falls in the past year. Radiological evidence of osteoarthritis with no reported symptoms was considered "asymptomatic osteoarthritis", while "symptomatic osteoarthritis" was defined as radiographic osteoarthritis with pain or stiffness...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217658/pain-management-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-efficacy-of-a-multimodal-opiate-free-protocol
#5
Gian Luigi Canata, Valentina Casale, Alfredo Chiey
PURPOSE: this study was conducted to identify the most effective method of postoperative pain management, comparing the intravenous opiate infusion protocol with the use of a single periarticular local anesthetic infiltration (LAI) in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) surgery. METHODS: 50 patients submitted to TKA surgery between 2013 and 2015 were divided into two groups. Buprenorphine was administered intravenously to the patients in Group A, while the Group B patients received a single periarticular LAI (ropivacaine and ketorolac) during surgery...
October 2016: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217412/exercises-that-facilitate-optimal-hamstring-and-quadriceps-co-activation-to-help-decrease-acl-injury-risk-in-healthy-females-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#6
Rachel Dedinsky, Lindsey Baker, Samuel Imbus, Melissa Bowman, Leigh Murray
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is common among females due to many anatomic, hormonal, and neuromuscular risk factors. One modifiable risk factor that places females at increased risk of ACL injury is a poor hamstrings: quadriceps (H:Q) co-activation ratio, which should be 0.6 or greater in order to decrease the stress placed on the ACL. Exercises that produce more quadriceps dominant muscle activation can add to the tension placed upon the ACL, potentially increasing the risk of ACL injury...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217217/the-effect-of-air-tourniquet-on-interleukin-6-levels-in-total-knee-arthroplasty
#7
Kenji Tsunoda, Motoki Sonohata, Hajime Kugisaki, Shinsuke Someya, Hidefumi Honke, Mitsunori Komine, Masataka Izumi, Shuya Ide, Masaaki Mawatari
BACKGROUND: Air tourniquet-induced skeletal muscle injury increases the concentrations of some cytokines such as interleukin-6 (IL-6) in plasma. However, the effect of an air tourniquet on the IL-6 concentrations after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is unclear. We therefore investigated the impact of tourniquet-induced ischemia and reperfusion injury in TKA using the IL-6 level as an index. METHODS: Ten patients with primary knee osteoarthrosis who underwent unilateral TKA without an air tourniquet were recruited (Non-tourniquet group)...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217104/priming-neural-circuits-to-modulate-spinal-reflex-excitability
#8
Stephen P Estes, Jennifer A Iddings, Edelle C Field-Fote
While priming is most often thought of as a strategy for modulating neural excitability to facilitate voluntary motor control, priming stimulation can also be utilized to target spinal reflex excitability. In this application, priming can be used to modulate the involuntary motor output that often follows central nervous system injury. Individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) often experience spasticity, for which antispasmodic medications are the most common treatment. Physical therapeutic/electroceutic interventions offer an alternative treatment for spasticity, without the deleterious side effects that can accompany pharmacological interventions...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216747/complex-ao-type-c3-distal-femur-fractures-results-after-fixation-with-a-lateral-locked-plate-using-modified-swashbuckler-approach
#9
Anuj Agrawal, Vivek Kiyawat
BACKGROUND: Complex AO type C3 fractures of the distal femur are challenging injuries, fraught with complications such as malunion and stiffness. We prospectively evaluated a consecutive series of patients with complex AO type C3 distal femur fractures to determine the clinicoradiological outcome after fixation with a single locked plate using modified swashbuckler approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 12 patients with C3 type distal femur fractures treated with a lateral locked plate, using a modified swashbuckler approach, were included in the study...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215886/effect-of-following-recommendations-for-tiestall-configuration-on-neck-and-leg-lesions-lameness-cleanliness-and-lying-time-in-dairy-cows
#10
V Bouffard, A M de Passillé, J Rushen, E Vasseur, C G R Nash, D B Haley, D Pellerin
Cow comfort in tiestalls is directly affected by stall dimensions, for which some recommendations exist. To evaluate how well Canadian dairy farms with tiestalls complied with recommendations for stall dimensions, as well as the effect of compliance on cow comfort and cleanliness, we assessed lactating Holstein cows (n = 3,485) on 100 tiestall dairy farms for neck and leg lesions, lameness, and cleanliness and measured time spent lying down. Data on stall dimensions (width and length of the stall, position and height of the tie rail, length of the chain, and height of the manger curb) were recorded for each cow...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214478/accuracy-of-64-section-mdct-in-the-diagnosis-of-cruciate-ligament-tears
#11
E J Heffernan, D E Moran, J F Gerstenmaier, C J McCarthy, C Hegarty, C J McMahon
AIM: To evaluate the accuracy of non-arthrographic 64-section multidetector computed tomography (CT) in the assessment of cruciate ligament tears. A secondary goal was to determine its accuracy in the diagnosis of additional soft-tissue injuries around the knee. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty consecutive outpatients underwent same-day magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and 64-slice multidetector CT (MDCT) of the knee in this prospective study. MDCT images were independently evaluated for integrity of the anterior (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligaments (PCL), medial and lateral menisci, and medial and lateral collateral ligaments...
February 15, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213953/the-effects-of-acl-graft-placement-on-in-vivo-knee-function-and-cartilage-thickness-distributions
#12
REVIEW
Louis E DeFrate
Injuries to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) frequently lead to early-onset osteoarthritis. Despite advancement in surgical techniques, ACL reconstruction has a limited ability to prevent these degenerative changes. While previous studies have investigated knee function after ACL reconstruction, in vivo investigations of the effects of graft placement on in vivo joint function and cartilage health are limited. This review presents a series of studies that used novel imaging and 3D modeling techniques to determine the in vivo placement of the ACL graft on the femur using two different ACL reconstruction techniques...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211591/magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-the-knee-an-overview-and-update-of-conventional-and-state-of-the-art-imaging
#13
Nicholas C Nacey, Matthew G Geeslin, Grady Wilson Miller, Jennifer L Pierce
: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become the preferred modality for imaging the knee to show pathology and guide patient management and treatment. The knee is one of the most frequently injured joints, and knee pain is a pervasive difficulty that can affect all age groups. Due to the diverse pathology, complex anatomy, and a myriad of injury mechanisms of the knee, the MRI knee protocol and sequences should ensure detection of both soft tissue and osseous structures in detail and with accuracy...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211301/early-results-of-patellofemoral-inlay-resurfacing-arthroplasty-using-the-hemicap-wave-prosthesis
#14
Akash Patel, Zakir Haider, Amarjit Anand, Dominic Spicer
BACKGROUND: Common surgical treatment options for isolated patellofemoral osteoarthritis include arthroscopic procedures, total knee replacement and patellofemoral replacement. The HemiCap Wave patellofemoral resurfacing prosthesis is a novel inlay design introduced in 2009 with scarce published data on its functional outcomes. We aim to prospectively evaluate early functional outcomes and complications, for patients undergoing a novel inlay resurfacing arthroplasty for isolated patellofemoral arthrosis in an independent centre...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210648/utilization-of-platelet-rich-plasma-for-musculoskeletal-injuries-an-analysis-of-current-treatment-trends-in-the-united-states
#15
Joanne Y Zhang, Peter D Fabricant, Chad R Ishmael, Jeffrey C Wang, Frank A Petrigliano, Kristofer J Jones
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has emerged as a popular biologic treatment for musculoskeletal injuries and conditions. Despite numerous investigations on the efficacy of PRP therapy, current utilization of this treatment within the United States is not widely known. PURPOSE: To investigate the national utilization of PRP, including the incidence and conditions for which it is used in the clinical setting, and to determine the current charges associated with this treatment...
December 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210647/association-of-quadriceps-strength-and-psychosocial-factors-with-single-leg-hop-performance-in-patients-with-meniscectomy
#16
Chao-Jung Hsu, Steven Z George, Terese L Chmielewski
BACKGROUND: Clinicians use the single-leg hop test to assess readiness for return to sports after knee injury. Few studies have reported the results of single-leg hop testing after meniscectomy. Additionally, the contributions of impairments in quadriceps strength and psychosocial factors to single-leg hop performance are unknown. PURPOSE: To compare single-leg hop performance (distance and landing mechanics) between limbs and to examine the association of single-leg hop performance with quadriceps strength and psychosocial factors in patients with meniscectomy...
December 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210645/responsiveness-comparison-of-the-eq-5d-promis-global-health-and-vr-12-questionnaires-in-knee-arthroscopy
#17
Sameer R Oak, Gregory J Strnad, James Bena, Lutul D Farrow, Richard D Parker, Morgan H Jones, Kurt P Spindler
BACKGROUND: The EuroQol 5 dimensions questionnaire (EQ-5D), Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) 10 Global Health, and Veterans RAND 12-Item Health Survey (VR-12) are generic patient-reported outcome (PRO) questionnaires that assess a patient's general health. In choosing a PRO to track general health status, it is necessary to consider which measure will be the most responsive to change after treatment. To date, no studies exist comparing responsiveness among the EQ-5D, PROMIS 10 Global Health, and the Veterans Rand 12-Item Health Survey (VR-12)...
December 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208958/radiological-and-histopathological-outcome-of-giant-cell-tumor-of-femur-with-denosumab-treatment-a-case-report
#18
Preethi Dileep Menon, R Krishnakumar, Annie Jojo
Giant Cell Tumour of Bone (GCTB) is a benign but locally aggressive osteolytic skeletal neoplasm of young adults consisting of giant cells expressing RANK (Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-κB) and mesenchymal spindle-like stromal cells expressing RANKL (RANK ligand). The interaction of these cells leads to bone resorption. Recently, the RANKL inhibitor, denosumab, has demonstrated activity against giant-cell tumours. The current article reports a case of a Giant cell tumour of left distal femur with pathological fracture...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207979/a-comparison-of-injuries-in-elite-male-and-female-football-players-a-5-season-prospective-study
#19
Jon Larruskain, Jose A Lekue, Nerea Diaz, Adrian Odriozola, Susana M Gil
The aim was to compare the epidemiology of injuries between elite male and female football players from the same club. Injuries and individual exposure time in a male team and a female team, both playing in the Spanish first division, were prospectively recorded by the club's medical staff for five seasons (2010-2015) following the FIFA consensus statement. Total, training and match exposure hours per player-season were 20% higher for men compared to women (P < 0.01). Total, training and match injury incidence were 30-40% higher in men (P ≤ 0...
February 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207954/translation-and-testing-of-measurement-properties-of-the-swedish-version-of-the-ikdc-subjective-knee-form
#20
Hanna Tigerstrand Grevnerts, Karin Grävare Silbernagel, Sofi Sonesson, Clare Ardern, Annika Österberg, Håkan Gauffin, Joanna Kvist
PURPOSE: To translate to Swedish language and cross-culturally adapt the IKDC-SKF, and test the measurement properties of the Swedish version of IKDC-SKF in ACL-injured patients undergoing reconstruction surgery. METHODS: The translation and cross-cultural adaption was performed according to guidelines. 76 patients with an ACL injury filled out the IKDC-SKF and other questionnaires before ACL reconstruction and at 4, 6 and 12 months after surgery. 203 patients from the Swedish ACL-Registry, participated at 8 months post-operative...
February 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
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