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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655171/regulatory-control-and-impulsivity-relate-to-resting-frontal-activity
#1
Lauren B Neal, Philip A Gable
Gray's Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory (RST) asserts three core personality systems: the behavioral approach system (BAS), the fight-flight-freeze system (FFFS), and the revised behavioral inhibition system (r-BIS). Past models of frontal activity link greater relative left frontal activity with Carver and White's (1994) BAS scale and trait impulsivity and greater relative right frontal activity with Carver and White's (1994) BIS scale. However, the original BIS scale assesses both FFFS and r-BIS. Past work linking the BIS scale and right frontal activity does not indicate which system is related to right frontal activity...
June 26, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653213/external-input-for-gait-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-with-and-without-freezing-of-gait-one-size-does-not-fit-all
#2
Pieter Ginis, Elke Heremans, Alberto Ferrari, Esther M J Bekkers, Colleen G Canning, Alice Nieuwboer
Cueing or feedback provided when gait deviates from a predefined goal (intelligent input) can now be provided with wearable technology for Parkinson's disease (PD). As people with and without freezing of gait (FOG) have distinct cognitive profiles, they may respond differently to various types of input. This study compared the effects of four input modalities during prolonged walking and explored the relationship with cognition, subjective preference, and FOG. Participants (15 with and 13 without FOG) walked 30 min while exposed to continuous cueing; intelligent cueing; intelligent feedback; or no input...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653139/spreading-proliferation-and-differentiation-of-human-dental-pulp-stem-cells-on-chitosan-scaffolds-immobilized-with-rgd-or-fibronectin
#3
Farzin Asghari Sana, Merve Çapkın Yurtsever, Gökçe Kaynak Bayrak, Ekin Özge Tunçay, Arlin S Kiremitçi, Menemşe Gümüşderelioğlu
Nowadays, human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) became more attractive for therapeutic purposes because of their high proliferation and differentiation potential. Thus, coupling the desired cellular characteristics of hDPSCs with good biomaterial properties of the chitosan scaffolds provide an interesting approach for tissue engineering applications. On the other hand, scaffold surface modification is also needed to promote stem cell adhesion since chitosan lacks adhesion motifs to support direct cell anchorage...
June 26, 2017: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652925/effect-of-feeding-garlic-leaves-on-rumen-fermentation-methane-emission-plasma-glucose-kinetics-and-nitrogen-utilization-in-sheep
#4
Arvinda Panthee, Ayana Matsuno, Mohammad Al-Mamun, Hiroaki Sano
BACKGROUND: Garlic and its constituents are reported to have been effective in reducing methane emission and also influence glucose metabolism in body; however, studies in ruminants using garlic leaves are scarce. Garlic leaves contain similar compounds as garlic bulbs, but are discarded in field after garlic bulb harvest. We speculate that feeding garlic leaves might show similar effect as garlic constituents in sheep and could be potential animal feed supplement. Thus, we examined the effect of freeze dried garlic leaves (FDGL) on rumen fermentation, methane emission, plasma glucose kinetics and nitrogen utilization in sheep...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652732/preparation-characterization-and-evaluation-of-amphotericin-b-loaded-mpeg-pcl-g-pei-micelles-for-local-treatment-of-oral-candida-albicans
#5
Li Zhou, Peipei Zhang, Zhuo Chen, Shaona Cai, Ting Jing, Huihui Fan, Fei Mo, Jiye Zhang, Rong Lin
Fatal Candida albicans infections in the mucosal system can occur in association with immune-compromised diseases and dysbacteriosis. Currently, amphotericin B (AmB) is considered to be the most effective antibiotic in the treatment of C. albicans infections, but its clinical application is limited by side effects and poor bioavailability. In order to use AmB in the local treatment of oral C. albicans infections, AmB/MPEG-PCL-g-PEI (monomethoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(epsilon-caprolactone)-graft-polyethylenimine, MPP) micelles were prepared...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652661/observation-of-the-effect-of-targeted-therapy-of-64-slice-spiral-ct-combined-with-cryoablation-for-liver-cancer
#6
Qiao-Huan Yan, Dian-Guo Xu, Yan-Feng Shen, Ding-Ling Yuan, Jun-Hui Bao, Hai-Bin Li, Ying-Gang Lv
AIM: To observe the effect of targeted therapy with 64-slice spiral computed tomography (CT) combined with cryoablation for liver cancer. METHODS: A total of 124 patients (142 tumors) were enrolled into this study. According to the use of dual-slice spiral CT or 64-slice spiral CT as a guide technology, patients were divided into two groups: dual-slice group (n = 56, 65 tumors) and 64-slice group (n = 8, 77 tumors). All patients were accepted and received targeted therapy by an argon-helium superconducting surgery system...
June 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652423/microbicidal-effects-of-stored-aqueous-ozone-solution-generated-by-nano-bubble-technology
#7
Mineaki Seki, Tatsuya Ishikawa, Hiroshi Terada, Masayuki Nashimoto
BACKGROUND/AIM: Clinically used disinfectants are often irritating and cause skin problems. Ozone water is unique among disinfectants. It does not damage skin cells and readily decomposes to oxygen without generating harmful residues. On the other hand, it rapidly loses its sanitizing activity. Recently developed nano-bubble ozone water (NBOW) can keep its sanitizing activity much longer. This study aimed to examine the microbicidal effects of NBOW after long-term storage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The concentration of ozone in NBOW was examined by measuring the NBOW redox potential...
July 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650260/group-4-late-embryogenesis-abundant-proteins-as-a-model-to-study-intrinsically-disordered-proteins-in-plants
#8
Cesar L Cuevas-Velazquez, Jose Luis Reyes, Alejandra A Covarrubias
Late Embryogenesis Abundant (LEA) proteins comprise a heterogeneous group of proteins that accumulate to high levels in the dry seed and in vegetative plant tissues under water deficit. We recently reported that group 4 LEA proteins from Arabidopsis thaliana, regardless of their structural disorder prevalent in aqueous solution, are able to fold into α-helix when subjected to water deficit and/or macromolecular crowding environments. Interestingly, the ability to gain structure under water limiting conditions is circumscribed to the N-terminal conserved region...
June 26, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650152/accelerated-reduction-of-bromate-in-frozen-solution
#9
Dae Wi Min, Wonyong Choi
Bromate is a common disinfection by-product formed during ozonation. Reducing bromate into bromide can remove this toxic pollutant, however, not many studies have been done for its environmental fate. In this work, we demonstrate a new transformation pathway that bromate can be efficiently reduced to bromide in frozen solution in the presence of organic reductants like humic substances (HS). The results showed that bromate in frozen solution could be removed by 30~40% in dark condition and 80~90% in irradiation condition (λ > 300 nm) in 24 h, while around 1% bromate was reduced in aqueous solution...
June 26, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649681/bio-inspired-colorful-flexible-defrostable-light-scattering-hybrid-films-for-the-effective-distribution-of-led-light
#10
Seongpil An, Hong Seok Jo, Yong Il Kim, Kyo Yong Song, Min-Woo Kim, Kyu Bum Lee, Alexander L Yarin, Sam S Yoon
Bioluminescent jellyfish has a unique structure derived from fiber/polymer interfaces that is advantageous for effective light scattering in the dark, deep sea water. Herein, we demonstrate the fabrication of bio-inspired hybrid films by mimicry of the jellyfish's structure, leading to excellent light-scattering performance and defrosting capability. A haze value reaching 59.3% and a heating temperature of up to 292 °C were achieved with the films. Accordingly, the developed surface constitutes an attractive optical device for lighting applications, especially for street or vehicle luminaries for freezing Arctic-climate countries...
June 26, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649382/does-sperm-quality-and-dna-integrity-differ-in-cryopreserved-semen-samples-from-young-adult-and-aged-nellore-bulls
#11
J T Carreira, J T Trevizan, I R Carvalho, B Kipper, L H Rodrigues, C Silva, S H V Perri, J R Drevet, M B Koivisto
BACKGROUND: In humans, it is now well documented that rising paternal age is correlated with decreased sperm DNA integrity and embryonic developmental failures. On the other side of the coin, it is also reported that very young fathers such as teenagers carry an increased risk of adverse birth outcomes. These observations suggest that, at least in humans, there is an age window for optimal sperm DNA integrity. In bovine, little is known about sperm DNA quality in young bulls and how it evolves with age...
2017: Basic and Clinical Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649047/high-pressure-processing-improves-the-tenderness-and-quality-of-hot-boned-beef
#12
D Morton, R G Pearson, H Y-Y Lee, S Smithson, S L Mason, R Bickerstaffe
Strip loins from different grades of cattle were subjected to two levels of high pressure processing (HPP) within 1h of slaughter at a commercial meat processing plant and chilled for 1day before freezing. The physical and eating quality characteristics of longissimus thoracis (strip loin) steaks from HPP were compared to meat that was chill aged for 1 or 28days. HPP produced meat after 1day with 60% lower shear force and higher sensory eating quality scores than 1day chill aged meat. Extended chill storage for 28days produced steaks of similar tenderness to HPP meat...
June 16, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649014/apatite-nanoparticles-strongly-improve-red-blood-cell-cryopreservation-by-mediating-trehalose-delivery-via-enhanced-membrane-permeation
#13
Martin Stefanic, Kevin Ward, Harvey Tawfik, Ralf Seemann, Vladimir Baulin, Yachong Guo, Jean-Baptiste Fleury, Christophe Drouet
Cryopreservation of red blood cells (RBC) is an important method for maintaining an inventory of rare RBC units and managing special transfusion circumstances. Currently, in a clinical setting, glycerol is used as cryoprotectant against freezing damage. After thawing and before transfusion, glycerol must however be removed to avoid intravascular hemolysis, via a complex and time-consuming deglycerolization process which requires specialized equipment. Improved cryopreservation methods using non-toxic agents are required to increase biocompatibility and decrease processing time...
June 18, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648862/octacosanol-educes-physico-chemical-attributes-release-and-bioavailability-as-modified-nanocrystals
#14
Surashree Sen Gupta, Mahua Ghosh
Octacosanol is a lesser known nutraceutical with the potential for treatment of several inflammatory diseases, high cholesterol, Parkinson's symptoms and tumour growth along with the capacity to improve athletic performance. But its lipophilicity and large structure inhibits extended solubility in water resulting in poor absorption and a low bioavailability. In the present work, sodium salt of octacosyl sulfate was synthesized. It displayed improved water solubility. Its nanocrystals, synthesized by means of nanoprecipitation technique, enhanced diffusion velocity, antioxidant capacity, shelf-life, penetrability and bioavailability...
June 22, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648675/segregation-of-phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate-and-phosphatidylinositol-4-5-bisphosphate-into-distinct-microdomains-on-the-endosome-membrane
#15
Akane Yoshida, Hiroki Hayashi, Kenji Tanabe, Akikazu Fujita
Phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PtdIns(4)P) is the immediate precursor of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P2), which is located on the cytoplasmic leaflet of the plasma membrane and has been reported to possess multiple cellular functions. Although PtdIns(4)P and PtdIns(4,5)P2 have been reported to localize to multiple intracellular compartments and to each function as regulatory molecules, their generation, regulation and functions in most intracellular compartments are not well-defined...
June 22, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648662/a-sacrifice-for-survival-mechanism-protects-root-stem-cell-niche-from-chilling-stress
#16
Jing Han Hong, Maria Savina, Jing Du, Ajay Devendran, Karthikbabu Kannivadi Ramakanth, Xin Tian, Wei Shi Sim, Victoria V Mironova, Jian Xu
Temperature has a profound influence on plant and animal development, but its effects on stem cell behavior and activity remain poorly understood. Here, we characterize the responses of the Arabidopsis root to chilling (low but above-freezing) temperature. Chilling stress at 4°C leads to DNA damage predominantly in root stem cells and their early descendants. However, only newly generated/differentiating columella stem cell daughters (CSCDs) preferentially die in a programmed manner. Inhibition of the DNA damage response in these CSCDs prevents their death but makes the stem cell niche more vulnerable to chilling stress...
June 21, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647990/-adverse-reaction-caused-by-rabies-vaccine-in-china-a-meta-analysis
#17
X R Zhang, Z G Wu, W S Zhang
Objective: To conduct a Meta-analysis on the rate of adverse reaction related to rabies vaccine, so as to provide reference for rabies vaccine immunization in China. Methods: We electronically searched databases including CNKI, VIP information resource integration service platform, WanFang Data, CBM, PubMed and The Cochrane Library, to collect studies on Chinese people who had received full rabies vaccination and recording all the adverse reactions, from January 2000 to July 2016. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were strictly followed...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646593/mri-assisted-dual-motion-correction-for-myocardial-perfusion-defect-detection-in-pet-imaging
#18
Xinhui Wang, Arman Rahmim, Jing Tang
PURPOSE: Myocardial perfusion (MP) PET imaging is a powerful tool in risk assess-assessment and stratification of patients with coronary artery disease. Involuntary organmotion degrades cardiac PET image resolution while respiratory and/or cardiac gating to freeze the motion leads to noisier reconstructed images due to reduced counts in the gated frames. In this work, we propose an MRI assisted dual motion correction method to compensate for respiratory and cardiac motion in MP PET data and study the impact of dual motion correction on MP defect detection using systematically designed experiments...
June 24, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646424/proteasome-properties-of-hemocytes-differ-between-the-whiteleg-shrimp-penaeus-vannamei-and-the-brown-shrimp-crangon-crangon-crustacea-decapoda
#19
Sandra Götze, Reinhard Saborowski, Oliviert Martínez-Cruz, Adriana Muhlia-Almazán, Arturo Sánchez-Paz
Crustaceans are intensively farmed in aquaculture facilities where they are vulnerable to parasites, bacteria, or viruses, often severely compromising the rearing success. The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) is crucial for the maintenance of cellular integrity. Analogous to higher vertebrates, the UPS of crustaceans may also play an important role in stress resistance and pathogen defense. We studied the general properties of the proteasome system in the hemocytes of the whiteleg shrimp, Penaeus vannamei, and the European brown shrimp Crangon crangon...
June 23, 2017: Cell Stress & Chaperones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645837/residual-ethylene-glycol-and-dimethyl-sulphoxide-concentration-in-human-ovarian-tissue-during-warming-thawing-steps-following-cryopreservation
#20
Yusuke Nakamura, Ryuichiro Obata, Noriyuki Okuyama, Nobuya Aono, Tomoko Hashimoto, Koichi Kyono
There have been 60 births after transplantation of cryopreserved ovarian tissue: 58 using the slow freezing method, and two using the vitrification method. DMSO and EG are widely used as cryoprotectants. However DMSO is a known epimutagen, and EG has been reported to be toxic in high concentrations. In this study, we measured residual DMSO and EG in ovarian tissue after vitrification and slow freezing. Cryoprotectants remained at a high concentration in the vitrified/warmed ovarian tissue just before transplantation (DMSO: 9...
June 6, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
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