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Jonathan M Peake
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2017: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
Hassan A Almoustafa, Mohammed A Alshawsh, Zamri Chik
Nanoprecipitation is a simple and increasingly trending method for nanoparticles preparation. The self-assembly feature of poly (ethylene glycol)-poly (lactide-co-glycolic acid) (PEG-PLGA) amphiphilic copolymer into a nanoparticle and its versatile structure makes nanoprecipitation one of the best methods for its preparation. The aim of this study is to review currently available literature for standard preparation of PEG-PLGA nanoparticles using nanoprecipitation technique in order to draw conclusive evidenceto draw conclusive evidence that can guide researchers during formulation development...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Yue Ma, Qiyao Wang, Wensheng Xu, Xiaohong Liu, Xiating Gao, Yuanxing Zhang
The capability of cold-adaptation is a prerequisite of microorganisms that survive in an environment with frequent fluctuations in temperature. As a global causative agent of vibriosis in marine fish farming, Vibrio anguillarum can efficiently grow and proliferate under cold-stress conditions, which is 15°C lower than the optimal growth temperatures (25-30°C). Our data showed that V. anguillarum was able to synthesize ectoine de novo and that ectoine was essential for its growth under cold stress. Using (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and mutants lacking ectABC and proVWX (ectoine synthesis and transporter system genes, respectively), we confirmed that accumulation of this compatible solute occurs strictly at low temperatures and that the expression of ectA and proV is highly activated in the stationary growth phase...
December 2017: Microbiological Research
Shingo Suzuki, Satoshi Fukuda, Yukiharu Fukushi, Keita Arakawa
Previous studies have shown that some polyphenols have anti-ice nucleation activity (anti-INA) against ice-nucleating bacteria that contribute to frost damage. In the present study, leaf disk freezing assay, a test of in vitro application to plant leaves, was performed for the screening of anti-INA, which inhibits the ice nucleation activity of an ice-nucleating bacterium Erwinia ananas in water droplets on the leaf surfaces. The application of polyphenols with anti-INA, kaempferol 7-O-β-glucoside and (-)-epigallocatechin gallate, to the leaf disk freezing assay by cooling at -4--6 °C for 3 h, revealed that both the compounds showed anti-INAs against E...
September 25, 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Anupam Kumar, Biplab Kumar Mandal, Sanat Kumar, Pankaj Mishra
We have investigated the fluid-solid freezing transitions in a system of axially symmetric particles confined to a two-dimensional plane and interacting via purely repulsive octupolar interaction potential varying as the seventh power of the inverse interparticle separation. Both the one-component and two-component cases have been considered. The classical density functional theory of freezing has been employed to study the relative stability of the triangular solid phase of the system with respect to the fluid phase of the system using the structural inputs calculated by solving the Rogers-Young integral equation theory...
September 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
Yuxin Zheng, Nina Zhang, Shujie Liu, Qingwang Li, Zhongliang Jiang
In this study, water-soluble Laminaria japonica polysaccharide3 (LJP-P3) was investigated for the cryoprotective effects on bull sperm. Five concentrations of LJP-P3 with 0.1, 1, 10, 50 and 100 mmol/L were added into the extenders of bull semen, respectively, and the effects on quality of sperm after freezing-thawing were assessed. The results showed that the kinematic parameters of bull sperm including linear motile sperm (LM), curvilinear line velocity (VCL) value, straight line velocity (VSL) and velocity of the average path (VAP) were greater in the extenders containing LJP-P3 (P<0...
September 20, 2017: Cryobiology
Yi Fang, Rongzhen Zhong, Xiaosheng Zhang, Jinlong Zhang, Daowei Zhou
Cryopreservation has numerous deleterious effects on sperm structure and function, which can be reduced by adding seminal plasma (SP), either autologous or heterologous. The objective was to determine effects of adding boar SP to the freezing extender on sperm quality, tyrosine phosphorylation and fertilizing ability of frozen-thawed ram sperm. Semen was collected from eight Small-tail Han rams and extended in a glucose-egg yolk buffer supplemented with 0, 20, 40, or 60% porcine SP (from Large white boars)...
September 18, 2017: Theriogenology
S K Hoffmann, J Goslar, R Bregier-Jarzebowska, A Gasowska, A Zalewska, L Lomozik
The mode of interaction and thermodynamic stability of complexes formed in binary and ternary Cu(II)/ATP/triamines systems were studied using potentiometric and spectroscopic (NMR, EPR, UV-Vis) methods. It was found that in binary metal-free systems ATP/HxPA species are formed (PA: Spd=spermidine or 3,3-tri=1,7-diamino-4-azaheptane) where the phosphate groups from nucleotides are preferred negative centers and protonated amine groups of amines are positive centers of reaction. In the ternary systems Cu/ATP/Hx(PA) as well as Cu/(ATP)(PA) species are formed...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
N Prieto-Martínez, I Vilagran, R Morató, M M Rivera Del Álamo, J E Rodríguez-Gil, S Bonet, M Yeste
Cryopreservation is the most suitable method to preserve boar spermatozoa over long-term storage. However, freeze-thawing protocols inflict extensive damage to sperm cells, reducing their viability and compromising their fertilizing ability. In addition, high individual variability is known to exist between boar ejaculates, which may be classified as of good (GFE) or poor (PFE) freezability. While conventional spermiogram parameters fail to predict sperm cryotolerance in fresh spermatozoa, high levels of certain proteins, also known as freezability markers, have been found to be related to the sperm resilience to withstand freeze-thawing procedures...
September 21, 2017: Andrology
Qinfeng Rong, Wenwei Lei, Lie Chen, Yongai Yin, Jiajia Zhou, Mingjie Liu
Conductive hydrogels emerge as a fascinating class of stretchable conductive materials that are important for various applications. However, water-based conductive hydrogels inevitably lose elasticity and conductivity at subzero temperatures, which severely limits their practical applications at low temperatures. Here we report anti-freezing conductive organohydrogels by using an H2O/ethylene glycol binary solvent as dispersion medium. Owing to the freezing tolerance of the binary solvent, our organohydrogels exhibit stable flexibility and strain-sensitivity in the temperature range from -55...
September 22, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Kaoru Okishige, Hideshi Aoyagi, Takurou Nishimura, Takatoshi Shigeta, Takehiko Keida, Yasuteru Yamauchi, Tetsuo Sasano, Kenzo Hirao
BACKGROUND: Phrenic nerve (PN) palsy (PNP) is the most frequent complication of cryoballoon ablation (CBA) of atrial fibrillation (AF). The major complication of this technique seems to be right-sided PN injury (PNI) following ablation of the right pulmonary veins (PVs). We sought to assess the incidence and prognosis of left-sided PNI during CBA. METHODS: CBA was performed in 448 patients with AF. During the ablation of the left-sided PVs, the PN was paced from the left subclavian vein with a pacing output just exceeding the threshold by 10∼20%...
September 21, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
Sandi Darniadi, Peter Ho, Brent S Murray
BACKGROUND: Blueberry juice powder was developed via foam-mat freeze-drying (FMFD) and spray-drying (SD) via addition of maltodextrin (MD) and whey protein isolate (WPI) at weight ratios of MD/WPI 0.4 to 3.2 (with a fixed solids content of 5 wt.% for FMFD and 10 wt.% for SD). Feed rates of 180 and 360 mL h(-1) were tested in SD. The objective was to evaluate the effect of the drying methods and carrier agents on the physical properties of the corresponding blueberry powders and reconstituted products...
September 20, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Kemal Ozgur, Hasan Bulut, Murat Berkkanoglu, Peter Humaidan, Kevin Coetzee
PURPOSE: In this study, we investigated whether the time interval between oocyte retrieval and frozen embryo transfer (FET) affected the live birth (LB) rates of human segmented-IVF cycles. METHOD: A total of 1338 ICSI freeze-all cycles were performed between February 2015 and January 2016, with 1121 FET cycles being retrospectively analyzed. All vitrified-warmed blastocyst transfers were performed in artificial FET cycles, using gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist downregulation and oral estrogen endometrial preparation...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Jun Yeul Lim, Dae Gon Lim, Ki Hyun Kim, Sang-Koo Park, Seong Hoon Jeong
Effects of annealing steps during the freeze drying process on etanercept, model protein, were evaluated using various analytical methods The annealing was introduced in three different ways depending on time and temperature. Residual water contents of dried cakes varied from 2.91% to 6.39% and decreased when the annealing step was adopted, suggesting that they are directly affected by the freeze drying methods Moreover, the samples were more homogenous when annealing was adopted. Transition temperatures of the excipients (sucrose, mannitol, and glycine) were dependent on the freeze drying steps...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Gholam Reza Mahdavinia, Moslem Soleymani, Hossein Etemadi, Mohammad Sabzi, Ziba Atlasi
Chitosan-based magnetic beads were developed by solution-mixing method. Firstly, the Fe3O4 nanoparticles were in situ immobilized on laponite RD sheets. The magnetic laponite RD was then dispersed in PVA and mixed with chitosan solution. PVA was aimed to prevent the disintegration of chitosan under acidic media due to its ability to form hydrogel network through freezing-thawing method. The manufactured magnetic chitosan/PVA/laponite RD beads were utilized for adsorption study of a model protein, bovine serum albumin (BSA)...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Fernanda Zamboni, Marie Keays, Sheri Hayes, Ahmad B Albadarin, Gavin M Walker, Patrick A Kiely, Maurice N Collins
The concept of the present work is to produce porous optimised scaffolds of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) coated with hyaluronic acid (HA), to provide a suitable microenvironment for cellular proliferation. Freeze dried scaffolds were produced from PLGA with varying lactic acid and glycolic acid ratios along the polymer backbone, as follows: 50:50 ester terminated, 50:50 carboxylate end-group and 85:15 ester terminated. Subsequently, these scaffolds were immersed in crosslinked HA in order for the coating to enhance biological performance...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Valter Giaretto, Claudio Passerone
The paper presents a set of experiments that were performed to characterize the freezing front propagation in water first, and in an agar-gel solution afterwards. The experimental setup made of Peltier devices, to emulate the cryogenic effect, and a copper cold finger, to mimic the cold probe interface, are described. We claim that by monitoring some temperatures at the generating cryodevice, several pieces of information can be derived through the cold interface to assess the outside thermodynamic changes...
September 19, 2017: Cryobiology
Hugo Sondermeijer, Piotr Witkowski, Tetsunori Seki, Arnoud van der Laarse, Silviu Itescu, Mark Adam Hardy
Cell implantation for tissue repair is a promising new therapeutic strategy. Although direct injection of cells into tissue is appealing, cell viability and retention are not very good. Cell engraftment and survival following implantation are dependent on a sufficient supply of oxygen and nutrients via functional microcirculation as well as a suitable local microenvironment for implanted cells. Here, we describe the development of a porous, biocompatible, 3-dimensional alginate scaffold covalently modified with the synthetic cyclic RGDfK (Arg-Gly-Asp-D-Phe-Lys)-peptide...
September 22, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
A Giampietro-Ganeco, C M Owens, J L M Mello, R A Souza, F B Ferrari, P A Souza, H Borba
This study evaluated the effects of freezing (-18°C) for 12 mo on attributes related to the texture of breast, drumstick, and thigh from broilers raised in 4 different rearing systems. Five-hundred carcasses of male broilers raised in 4 rearing systems (Antibiotic-free, Cobb 500, n = 125; Free-range, Hubbard ISA, n = 125; Conventional, Cobb 500, n = 125; Organic, Cobb 500, n = 125) were divided into breast, drumstick, and thigh and stored under freezing (-18°C) for 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. Breast, drumstick, and thigh meat from broilers raised in all studied rearing systems showed reduction (P < 0...
October 1, 2017: Poultry Science
J Aizpurua, L Medrano, M Enciso, J Sarasa, A Romero, M A Fernández, M J Gómez-Torres
STUDY QUESTION: Is permeable cryoprotectant-free vitrification of native sperm samples a good alternative to conventional slow freezing? SUMMARY ANSWER: The permeable cryoprotectant-free sperm vitrification protocol tested in this study renders considerably better recovery rates of good quality sperm compared to slow freezing. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Slow freezing is currently the most commonly used technique for sperm cryopreservation, though this method has been repeatedly shown to have negative effects on both structural and functional sperm features...
October 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
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