Read by QxMD icon Read

Tumor microenvironment

Andrew K Fuller, Benjamin D Bice, Ashlee R Venancio, Olivia M Crowley, Ambur M Staab, Stephanie J Georges, Julio R Hidalgo, Annika V Warncke, Melinda L Angus-Hill
Several recent studies have illustrated the beneficial effects of living in an enriched environment on improving human disease. In mice, environmental enrichment (EE) reduces tumorigenesis by activating the mouse immune system, or affects tumor bearing animal survival by stimulating the wound repair response, including improved microbiome diversity, in the tumor microenvironment. Provided here is a detailed procedure to assess the effects of environmental enrichment on the biodiversity of the microbiome in a mouse colon tumor model...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Kavi Devraj, Sylvaine Guérit, Jakranka Macas, Yvonne Reiss
Blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a specialized barrier that protects the brain microenvironment from toxins and pathogens in the circulation and maintains brain homeostasis. The principal sites of the barrier are endothelial cells of the brain capillaries whose barrier function results from tight intercellular junctions and efflux transporters expressed on the plasma membrane. This function is regulated by pericytes and astrocytes that together form the neurovascular unit (NVU). Several neurological diseases such as stroke, Alzheimer's disease (AD), brain tumors are associated with an impaired BBB function...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Clémence Granier, Emeline Vinatier, Elia Colin, Marion Mandavit, Charles Dariane, Virginie Verkarre, Lucie Biard, Rami El Zein, Corinne Lesaffre, Isabelle Galy-Fauroux, Hélène Roussel, Eléonore De Guillebon, Charlotte Blanc, Antonin Saldmann, Cécile Badoual, Alain Gey, Éric Tartour
Immune cells are important components of the tumor microenvironment and influence tumor growth and evolution at all stages of carcinogenesis. Notably, it is now well established that the immune infiltrate in human tumors can correlate with prognosis and response to therapy. The analysis of the immune infiltrate in the tumor microenvironment has become a major challenge for the classification of patients and the response to treatment. The co-expression of inhibitory receptors such as Program Cell Death Protein 1 (PD1; also known as CD279), Cytotoxic T Lymphocyte Associated Protein 4 (CTLA-4), T-Cell Immunoglobulin and Mucin Containing Protein-3 (Tim-3; also known as CD366), and Lymphocyte Activation Gene 3 (Lag-3; also known as CD223), is a hallmark of T cell exhaustion...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Lan Huang, Huaxi Xu, Guangyong Peng
Cellular energy metabolism not only promotes tumor cell growth and metastasis but also directs immune cell survival, proliferation and the ability to perform specific and functional immune responses within the tumor microenvironment. A better understanding of the molecular regulation of metabolism in different cell components in the tumor-suppressive microenvironment is critical for the development of effective strategies for human cancer treatments. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) have recently been recognized as critical factors involved in tumor pathogenesis, regulating both tumor cells and tumor-infiltrating innate and adaptive immune cells...
March 19, 2018: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
Lisa A Sawicki, Leila H Choe, Katherine L Wiley, Kelvin H Lee, April M Kloxin
Cells interact with and remodel their microenvironment, degrading large extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins (e.g., fibronectin, collagens) and secreting new ECM proteins and small soluble factors (e.g., growth factors, cytokines). Synthetic mimics of the ECM have been developed as controlled cell culture platforms for use in both fundamental and applied studies. However, how cells broadly remodel these initially well-defined matrices remains poorly understood and difficult to probe. In this work, we have established methods for widely examining both large and small proteins that are secreted by cells within synthetic matrices...
March 12, 2018: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Jaidip Jagtap, Gayatri Sharma, Abdul K Parchur, Venkateswara Gogineni, Carmen Bergom, Sarah White, Michael J Flister, Amit Joshi
Vascular supply is a critical component of the tumor microenvironment (TME) and is essential for tumor growth and metastasis, yet the endogenous genetic modifiers that impact vascular function in the TME are largely unknown. To identify the host TME modifiers of tumor vascular function, we combined a novel genetic mapping strategy [Consomic Xenograft Model] with near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging and multiparametric analysis of pharmacokinetic modeling. To detect vascular flow, an intensified cooled camera based dynamic NIR imaging system with 785 nm laser diode based excitation was used to image the whole-body fluorescence emission of intravenously injected indocyanine green dye...
February 1, 2018: Biomedical Optics Express
Jin-Peng Wang, Yan-Yan Tang, Chun-Mei Fan, Can Guo, Yan-Hong Zhou, Zheng Li, Xiao-Ling Li, Yong Li, Gui-Yuan Li, Wei Xiong, Zhao-Yang Zeng, Fang Xiong
An increasing number of studies has confirmed that many cells can secrete vesicles or exosomes in eukaryotes, which contain important nucleic acids, proteins and lipids and play important roles in cell communication and tumor metastasis. This paper summarizes the comprehensive function of exosomal non-coding RNAs. Although some studies have shown that exosomes mediate tumor signal transduction, the functional mechanism of the tumor metastasis remains to be elucidated. In this paper, we reviewed the role of exosomal non-coding RNAs in mediating cancer metastasis in the tumor microenvironment to provide new ideas for the study of tumor pathophysiology...
February 23, 2018: Oncotarget
Weili Wang, Kuansong Wang, Zihua Chen, Ling Chen, Wei Guo, Ping Liao, Daniel Rotroff, Todd C Knepper, Zhaoqian Liu, Wei Zhang, Howard L Mcleod, Yijing He
Background: Gastric cancer (GC) is a major cause of cancer deaths, especially in Eastern Asia. Current classification systems, including the WHO, Lauren, and TCGA, have clarified the pathological and molecular profiles of GC. However, these classifications lack an association with clinical outcome and guidance for medication selection. Objective: We aimed to identify a new immunoclassification for GC to better predict patient prognosis and aid in patient selection for immunotherapy...
February 23, 2018: Oncotarget
Malgorzata Pieniazek, Rafal Matkowski, Piotr Donizy
Cutaneous melanoma is an aggressive cancer and its onset and growth are associated, through direct and indirect interactions, with the cancer microenvironment. The microenvironment comprises a dynamic complex of numerous types of cells (due to histogenesis) that constantly interact with each other through multiple cytokines and signaling proteins. Macrophages are one of the most thoroughly studied pleiotropic cells of the immune system. One of their major cytophysiological functions is their involvement in phagocytosis...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Min Fang, Jingping Yuan, Mengyuan Chen, Zongwen Sun, Lulu Liu, Guoping Cheng, Hangjie Ying, Shifeng Yang, Ming Chen
The present study was performed to quantify tumor neo-vessels, macrophages and fibroblasts in the tumor microenvironment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and explore the prognostic factors of HCC. The distribution of tumor neo-vessels, macrophages and fibroblasts was quantified by immunohistochemistry and inverted microscopy with the CRi Nuance multispectral imaging system, and the correlation of these parameters with the clinico-pathological characteristics and overall survival of the patients was analyzed...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Viktor Fleming, Xiaoying Hu, Rebekka Weber, Vasyl Nagibin, Christopher Groth, Peter Altevogt, Jochen Utikal, Viktor Umansky
The immune system has many sophisticated mechanisms to balance an extensive immune response. Distinct immunosuppressive cells could protect from excessive tissue damage and autoimmune disorders. Tumor cells take an advantage of those immunosuppressive mechanisms and establish a strongly immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (TME), which inhibits antitumor immune responses, supporting the disease progression. Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) play a crucial role in this immunosuppressive TME. Those cells represent a heterogeneous population of immature myeloid cells with a strong immunosuppressive potential...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Kimberly M Arnold, Nicole J Flynn, Adam Raben, Lindsay Romak, Yan Yu, Adam P Dicker, Firas Mourtada, Jennifer Sims-Mourtada
In addition to inducing lethal DNA damage in tumor and stromal cells, radiation can alter the interactions of tumor cells with their microenvironment. Recent technological advances in planning and delivery of external beam radiotherapy have allowed delivery of larger doses per fraction (hypofractionation) while minimizing dose to normal tissues with higher precision. The effects of radiation on the tumor microenvironment vary with dose and fractionation schedule. In this review, we summarize the effects of conventional and hypofractionated radiation regimens on the immune system and tumor stroma...
2018: Cancer Growth and Metastasis
Yan Chen, Yao Cheng, Pengxuan Zhao, Shasha Zhang, Minsi Li, Chuanchuan He, Xiaojuan Zhang, Tan Yang, Ruicong Yan, Peng Ye, Xiang Ma, Guangya Xiang
Multidrug resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs is a major obstacle to breast cancer treatment. In this study, doxorubicin (DOX) and imatinib (IM) were co-loaded into folate receptor targeted (FR-targeted) pH-sensitive liposomes (denoted as FPL-DOX/IM) to fulfill intracellular acid-sensitive release and reverse drug resistance. FPL-DOX/IM could maintain stability in blood circulation with approximate diameters of 100 nm and rapidly release encapsulated drugs in tumor acidic microenvironment. Moreover, the IM in combination therapy could overcome chemoresistance associated with DOX effectively by inhibiting ABC transporter function and improving chemotherapy sensitivity...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Kyohei Nakamura, Sahar Kassem, Alice Cleynen, Marie-Lorraine Chrétien, Camille Guillerey, Eva Maria Putz, Tobias Bald, Irmgard Förster, Slavica Vuckovic, Geoffrey R Hill, Seth L Masters, Marta Chesi, P Leif Bergsagel, Hervé Avet-Loiseau, Ludovic Martinet, Mark J Smyth
Tumor-promoting inflammation and avoiding immune destruction are hallmarks of cancer. Here, we demonstrate that the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-18 is critically involved in these hallmarks in multiple myeloma (MM). Mice deficient for IL-18 were remarkably protected from Vk∗ MYC MM progression in a CD8+ T cell-dependent manner. The MM-niche-derived IL-18 drove generation of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs), leading to accelerated disease progression. A global transcriptome analysis of the immune microenvironment in 73 MM patients strongly supported the negative impact of IL-18-driven MDSCs on T cell responses...
March 1, 2018: Cancer Cell
Samaresh Sau, Katyayani Tatiparti, Hashem O Alsaab, Sushil K Kashaw, Arun K Iyer
Nanomedicines can be multifunctional drug delivery agents for cancer therapies. However, they have faced several challenges in clinical trials owing to poor targeting ability, insufficient tumor penetration, difficulty in synthesis and scale up, and limited understanding of interactions between a tumor and nanoparticles. In this regard, tumor muticomponent targeting drug delivery systems are a rational approach for developing tumor-site-specific therapeutics. One of the goals is to arrive at a ready-to-configure, combinatorial, reagent-free click-chemistry-based tumor multicomponent targeting nanoparticle library...
March 15, 2018: Drug Discovery Today
Marie Toutfaire, Elise Dumortier, Antoine Fattaccioli, Martine Van Steenbrugge, Charlotte M Proby, Florence Debacq-Chainiaux
Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma (cSCC) is the second most common type of non-melanoma skin cancer in white-skinned populations. cSCC is associated with sun exposure and aging, which is concomitant with an accumulation of senescent cells in the skin. The involvement of senescent cells in carcinogenesis has been highlighted in several cancer types and an interaction between cSCC cells and senescent cells is proposed, but still little explored. Tumor-associated effects are mostly attributed to the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP)...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Taylor T Chrisikos, Yifan Zhou, Natalie Slone, Rachel Babcock, Stephanie S Watowich, Haiyan S Li
Dendritic cells (DCs) are the principal antigen-presenting cells of the immune system and play key roles in controlling immune tolerance and activation. As such, DCs are chief mediators of tumor immunity. DCs can regulate tolerogenic immune responses that facilitate unchecked tumor growth. Importantly, however, DCs also mediate immune-stimulatory activity that restrains tumor progression. For instance, emerging evidence indicates the cDC1 subset has important functions in delivering tumor antigens to lymph nodes and inducing antigen-specific lymphocyte responses to tumors...
March 14, 2018: Molecular Immunology
Yuan Gao, Xiaoju Li, Zhen Shu, Kuo Zhang, Xiaochang Xue, Weina Li, Qiang Hao, Zhaowei Wang, Wangqian Zhang, Shuning Wang, Cheng Zeng, Dong Fan, Wei Zhang, Yingqi Zhang, Huadong Zhao, Meng Li, Cun Zhang
FOXP3 is an important X-linked suppressor of breast cancer. It is reported that FOXP3 is usually mutant, absent, or cytoplasmic distribution in breast cancer cells, which increases the risk of breast cancer. However, in our study the full-length FOXP3 transcript can be detected in breast cancer cells and nuclear FOXP3 is expressed in some breast cancer samples. Therefore, an important question is how the tumor-suppressive function of wild-type FOXP3 is negated in these cancers. We found that Gal-1 is a novel interacting protein of FOXP3 in breast cancer...
March 16, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Najeh Krayem, Zaineb Abdelkefi-Koubaa, Youssef Gargouri, José Luis
Integrins are a large family of cell surface receptors mediating the interaction of cells with their microenvironment and they play an important role in glioma biology. In the present work, we reported the anti-tumor effect of Sm-PLGV a phospholipase A2 from Tunisian scorpion venom glands-as well as its recombinant forms expressed in Escherichia coli-through interference with integrin receptor function in malignant glioma cells U87. These phospholipases inhibited in a dose dependent manner the adhesion, migration and invasion onto fibrinogen and fibronectin without any cytotoxicity...
March 13, 2018: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Weiping Ding, Sen Liu, Shibo Li, Duobiao Ge, Fenfen Li, Dayong Gao
The liver is one of the common metastatic sites for many cancers. The obstruction of sinusoids by circulating tumor cells changes liver microenvironments and is thus considered a source of hepatic metastases. To date, few studies provide detailed information, either experimentally or theoretically, concerning the changes in blood and oxygen distributions induced by the obstruction of sinusoids. In this study, we utilized a 3D porous medium-vascular tree geometric structure to mimic the hepatic lobule and studied theoretical blood flow and oxygen transport in the lobule...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Theoretical Biology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"