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Shirin Razdan, Sanjay Razdan
Introduction: Given the ubiquity of robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) for treatment of localized prostate cancer, more surgeons are encountering challenging cases, either secondary to difficult anatomy, prior abdominal surgery, or prior radiation therapy. Our case is of RALP in a patient after prior suprapubic prostatectomy. Case Presentation: A 61-year-old otherwise healthy Hispanic gentleman presented for consultation after being found to have Gleason 4 + 4 = 8 prostate cancer on transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy by an outside provider in July 2017...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
Luis Zapata, Ernest J Wright, Peter Nakaji
BACKGROUND: The neurosurgical literature rarely describes managing open head injuries caused by machetes, although this is a common head injury in developing countries. We present our experience managing cranial machete injuries in Nicaragua over a 5-year period. METHODS: A retrospective chart review identified patients admitted to a neurosurgery service for cranial machete injury. RESULTS: Among 51 patients studied, the majority (n=42, 82%) presented with mild neurological deficits (Glasgow Coma Scale score ≥14)...
May 11, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Marta Diez-Valcarce, Christina J Castro, Rachel L Marine, Natasha Halasa, Holger Mayta, Mayuko Saito, Laura Tsaknaridis, Chao-Yang Pan, Filemon Bucardo, Sylvia Becker-Dreps, Maria Renee Lopez, Laura Cristal Magaña, Terry Fei Fan Ng, Jan Vinjé
BACKGROUND: Sapoviruses are responsible for sporadic and epidemic acute gastroenteritis worldwide. Sapovirus typing protocols have a success rate as low as 43% and relatively few complete sapovirus genome sequences are available to improve current typing protocols. OBJECTIVE/STUDY DESIGN: To increase the number of complete sapovirus genomes to better understand the molecular epidemiology of human sapovirus and to improve the success rate of current sapovirus typing methods, we used deep metagenomics shotgun sequencing to obtain the complete genomes of 68 sapovirus samples from four different countries across the Americas (Guatemala, Nicaragua, Peru and the US)...
May 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
Carmen S Arriola, Nancy Vasconez, Joseph Bresee, Alba María Ropero
BACKGROUND: Nicaragua implemented an influenza vaccination program for pregnant women with high-risk obstetric conditions in 2007. In 2014, the recommendation of influenza vaccination expanded to include all pregnant women. Given the expansion in the recommendation of vaccination, we evaluated knowledge, attitudes and practices of pregnant women and their healthcare providers towards influenza vaccination and its recommendation. METHODS: We conducted surveys among pregnant women and their healthcare providers from June to August 2016 at two hospitals and 140 health facilities in Managua...
May 7, 2018: Vaccine
William F Vásquez, Jessica Alicea-Planas
Many urban settlements in developing countries still lack access to sanitation services, which puts the environment and population health at risk. The lack of knowledge on household preferences for improved sanitation has been an impediment to extending conventional and onsite sanitation infrastructure. This study implemented a choice experiment to elicit households' willingness to pay for the disposal of different types of waste (i.e. wastewater, excreta, and rainwater) in an urban settlement in Nicaragua...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Alejandro Lorente, Pablo Palacios, Jesús Burgos, Carlos Barrios, Rafael Lorente
Total vertebrectomy with spine shortening has been reported for the treatment of difficult cases of traumatic spine dislocation, both in acute and chronic phase. We report an exceptional case of a five-week-old T12-L1 spine dislocation in a 25-year-old female with complete paraplegia as a result of trauma in Ciudad de León (Nicaragua). In view of the time since the dislocation, we performed a complete L1 vertebrectomy in order to reduce the dorsolumbar hinge. For osteosynthesis material we had only eight screws and two Steffee plates...
April 21, 2018: Neurocirugía
MarÍa Razo-gonzÁlez
Adults of Trichoptera were collected in four sites in Santa Catarina Lachatao, Oaxaca, México, using black light traps and entomological nets. A total of 12 families, 23 genera, and 37 species were recorded. Four new species of Trichoptera: Wormaldia noveloi n. sp., Lepidostoma zapoteca n. sp., Phylloicus gomezi n. sp., and Ochrotrichia buenoi n. sp. are described and male genitalia are illustrated. Similarities and differences among these species and those in their respective genera are discussed. In addition, nineteen species are recorded for the first time for Oaxaca, bringing the number of known Trichoptera species from this state to 170...
February 28, 2018: Zootaxa
Allen F Sanborn
The cicada genus Procollina Metcalf, 1952 is redescribed. Procollina minima n. sp., P. parva n. sp., P. ustulata n. sp. and P. webbi n. sp. are described from Costa Rica, P. guatemalensis n. sp., P. mayaensis n. sp. and P. nigrapilosa n. sp. are described from Guatemala, P. hondurensis n. sp. is described from Honduras, P. convexa n. sp. and P. mesomaculata n. sp. are described from Guatemala and Honduras, P. ulnamaculata n. sp. is described from Guatemala and Mexico, P. nuevoleonensis n. sp. and P. tamaulipasensis n...
March 6, 2018: Zootaxa
Larry G Bezark, Antonio Santos-Silva, Francisco E de L Nascimento
Three new species of Dorcasta Pascoe, 1858 are described: D. birai, from Brazil (Goiás); D. parkeri, from Mexico, Nicaragua and Costa Rica; and D. rifkindi, from Mexico and Panama. Additionally, D. dasycera, D. borealis, and D. crassicornis are redescribed. Dorcasta crassicornis is recorded from Mexico, Guatemala and Costa Rica, and D. borealis is recorded from Costa Rica. New state records for Mexico are provided for Dorcasta cinerea. A key to the known species of Dorcasta is provided.
March 20, 2018: Zootaxa
Andrew Edward Z Short, Jennifer C GirÓn
New World species assigned to the Helochares subgenus Hydrobaticus MacLeay are reviewed based on adult morphology and DNA sequence data. Nine species are recognized, including five here described as new: Helochares (Hydrobaticus) laevis n. sp. (Mexico), H. (Hydrobaticus) nexus n. sp. (Ecuador, Panama, Venezuela), H. (Hydrobaticus) politus n. sp. (Guatemala), H. (Hydrobaticus) trujillo n. sp. (Venezuela), and H. (Hydrobaticus) zamora n. sp. (Ecuador). New records are provided for the three previously described species: Helochares (Hydrobaticus) championi Sharp, 1882 (Costa Rica, Guatemala, Nicaragua), H...
April 9, 2018: Zootaxa
Antonio Santos-Silva, James E Wappes, Maria Helena M Galileo
Estoloides (Parestoloides) Breuning, 1940, and Mimestoloides Breuning, 1974 are synonymized with Estoloides Breuning, 1940. Mimestoloides Breuning, 1980 is synonymized with Spinestoloides Breuning, 1954. Estoloides aurantius Martins Galileo, 2010 is synonymized with E. scabracaulis Chemsak Noguera, 1993. Estoloides modica Chemsak Noguera, 1993 is synonymized with E. chamelae Chemsak Noguera, 1993. Estoloides (Spinestoloides) spinipennis Breuning, 1974, is synonymized with Esthlogena monticola (Fisher, 1942)...
January 25, 2018: Zootaxa
Cristian Pacheco, JosÉ Luis Carballo, Jorge CortÉs, Johanna Segovia, Alejandra Trejo
Excavating sponges are one of the main groups of bioeroders in coral reefs. Their diversity has been thoroughly studied in some regions: in the Caribbean, the Mediterranean, and the Indo-Pacific, including the Mexican Pacific. However, there is a lack of information from the Pacific of Central America, with only a few records from Panama and Costa Rica. This study provides additional distributional records and taxonomic descriptions of species collected between 2011 and 2016 at nine localities along the Pacific coast of El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama...
January 15, 2018: Zootaxa
E Arrieta-Bolaños, J J Madrigal-Sánchez, J E Stein, P Órlich-Pérez, M J Moreira-Espinoza, E Paredes-Carias, Y Vanegas-Padilla, L Salazar-Sánchez, J Alejandro Madrigal, S G E Marsh, B E Shaw
The HLA system shows the most extensive polymorphism in the human genome. Allelic and haplotypic frequencies of HLA genes vary dramatically across human populations. Due to a complex history of migration, populations in Latin America show a broad variety of admixture proportions, usually varying not only between countries, but also within countries. Knowledge of HLA allele and haplotype frequencies is essential for medical fields such as transplantation, but also serves as a means to assess genetic diversity and ancestry in human populations...
April 23, 2018: HLA
Enio B Cano, Jack C Schuster, Juan J Morrone
A phylogenetic morphological analysis of the genus Ogyges Kaup, distributed in Nuclear Central America, from Chiapas, Mexico, to northwestern Nicaragua was undertaken. Five species of Proculejus Kaup, distributed north of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec in Mexico, were selected as outgroup. Ogyges was recovered as monophyletic with three species groups: championi , laevissimus , and crassulus . Each species group shows a distinct, generally allopatric distribution. The O. championi species group, with ten species, is distributed in the Maya block, more specifically in the mountainous system north of the Motozintla-Comaltitlán fault in Chiapas, and north of the dry valleys of the Cuilco and Motagua rivers in Guatemala...
2018: ZooKeys
Anjali Dutt
This study examines a psychosocial process linking women's involvement in a grassroots women's organization with skills and experiences to promote empowered solidarity. Empowered solidarity is described as a process of increasing the sense of connection and capacity to create social transformation among a group of people united by interest in addressing a social issue. Data collected and analyzed for this research were 298 quantitative surveys conducted with two groups of women living in rural Nicaragua. One group of women were members of a grassroots feminist organization, and the other group lived in nearby communities where the organization did not offer programs...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
Ali H Mokdad, Erin B Palmisano, Paola Zúñiga-Brenes, Diego Ríos-Zertuche, Casey K Johanns, Alexandra Schaefer, Sima S Desai, Annie Haakenstad, Marielle C Gagnier, Claire R McNellan, Danny V Colombara, Sonia López Romero, Leolin Castillo, Benito Salvatierra, Bernardo Hernandez, Miguel Betancourt-Cravioto, Ricardo Mujica-Rosales, Ferdinando Regalia, Roberto Tapia-Conyer, Emma Iriarte
BACKGROUND: Results-based aid (RBA) is increasingly used to incentivize action in health. In Mesoamerica, the region consisting of southern Mexico and Central America, the RBA project known as the Salud Mesoamérica Initiative (SMI) was designed to target disparities in maternal and child health, focusing on the poorest 20% of the population across the region. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Data were first collected in 365 intervention health facilities to establish a baseline of indicators...
2018: PloS One
A Angulo, A C Santos, M López, F Langeani, C D McMahan
Astyanax anai, a new species of characid fish, is described from the Sixaola River basin, eastern Costa Rica-western Panama, Central America. The new species can be distinguished from all other congeners by the following combination of characters: premaxillary teeth 4-5 at the inner series and 4-6 at the outer series; maxillary teeth tricuspid, 2-4; predorsal scale series irregular and incomplete, with an unscaled space behind tip of supraoccipital process and 12-14 scales; lateral line scales 34-39; humeral region with a conspicuous black and rounded to horizontally ovate spot and two diffuse brown and vertically elongate bars (the first through the rounded to horizontally ovate spot, the second 2-4 scales behind the first); body depth 36...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Fish Biology
Charbel El Bcheraoui, Paola Zúñiga-Brenes, Diego Ríos-Zertuche, Erin B Palmisano, Claire R McNellan, Sima S Desai, Marielle C Gagnier, Annie Haakenstad, Casey Johanns, Alexandra Schaefer, Bernardo Hernandez, Emma Iriarte, Ali H Mokdad
BACKGROUND: To propose health system strategies to meeting the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on HIV screening through antenatal care (ANC) services, we assessed predictors of HIV screening, and simulated the impact of changes in these predictors on the probability of HIV screening in Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico (State of Chiapas), Nicaragua, Panama, and El Salvador. METHODS: We interviewed a representative sample of women of reproductive age from the poorest Mesoamerican areas on ANC services, including HIV screening...
March 20, 2018: Population Health Metrics
Jacqueline E Alcalde-Rabanal, Victor M Becerril-Montekio, Etienne V Langlois
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
A Ortega-Morales, J A Garza-Hernández, V H González-Álvarez, L M Hernández-Triana, M A Rodríguez-Pérez
Culex (Microculex) daumastocampa Dyar & Knab was originally described by Dyar and Knab (Proc US Nat Mus 35:53-70, 1908) from larvae collected at axils of bromeliads in Port San Felipe, Panama. Culex daumastocampa is found in Colombia, Venezuela, Panama, Suriname, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Guatemala, and Mexico, although its presence had not been reported suggesting its northernmost distribution. In Mexico, the subgenus Microculex had included Cx. rejector Dyar and Knab, and Cx. imitator Theobald. However, after that collection specimens were re-examined along with other specimens collected during 2016 in Chiapas (all specimens are available in the Culicidae Collection of the Universidad Autonoma Agraria Antonio Narro Unidad Laguna [UAAAN-UL], Mexico)...
March 8, 2018: Neotropical Entomology
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