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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932336/heat-stress-hydration-and-uric-acid-a-cross-sectional-study-in-workers-of-three-occupations-in-a-hotspot-of-mesoamerican-nephropathy-in-nicaragua
#1
Catharina Wesseling, Aurora Aragón, Marvin González, Ilana Weiss, Jason Glaser, Christopher J Rivard, Carlos Roncal-Jiménez, Ricardo Correa-Rotter, Richard J Johnson
OBJECTIVES: To study Mesoamerican nephropathy (MeN) and its risk factors in three hot occupations. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Chinandega and León municipalities, a MeN hotspot on the Nicaraguan Pacific coast, January-February 2013. PARTICIPANTS: 194 male workers aged 17-39 years: 86 sugarcane cutters, 56 construction workers, 52 small-scale farmers. OUTCOME MEASURES: (1) Differences between the three occupational groups in prevalences/levels of socioeconomic, occupational, lifestyle and health risk factors for chronic kidney disease (CKD) and in biomarkers of kidney function and hydration; (2) differences in prevalences/levels of CKD risk factors between workers with reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFRCKD-EPI <80 mL/min/1...
December 8, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919245/one-day-workshop-based-training-improves-physical-activity-prescription-knowledge-in-latin-american-physicians-a-pre-test-post-test-study
#2
Maria C Arciniegas Calle, Felipe Lobelo, Mario A Jiménez, Diana C Páez, Sebastian Cortés, Andrés de Lima, John Duperly
BACKGROUND: The physical inactivity pandemic and related non-communicable diseases have made it imperative for medical doctors (MDs) to effectively provide lifestyle counseling as part of prevention and treatment plans for patients. A one-day certification workshop was designed to improve MDs PA prescription knowledge, as part of the Exercise is Medicine® (EIM®) global health initiative. The objective was to determine knowledge gain of MDs participating in a standardized, one-day PA prescription workshop performed throughout Latin America (LA)...
December 5, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900315/effectiveness-and-efficiency-of-improving-hiv-service-provision-for-key-populations-in-nicaragua
#3
Edward Ivor Broughton, Oscar Nunez, Rafael Arana, Alexey Oviedo
OBJECTIVE: HIV in Nicaragua is concentrated among key populations (KPs) - men who have sex with men, female sex workers, and female transgender - in whom prevalence is 600-4,000 times higher than the general population. The United States Agency for International Development PrevenSida project is aimed at increasing healthy behavior among KPs and people with HIV and improving testing, counseling, and continuity of prevention and treatment by building capacity and improving performance of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) providing services to KPs...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893579/the-psychological-impact-of-first-burn-camp-in-nicaragua
#4
Lisa L Tropez-Arceneaux, Arlen Tatiana Castillo Alaniz, Ivette Lucia Icaza, Eevelyn Alejandra Murillo
Asociacion Pro-Ninos Quemados de Nicaragua (APROQUEN) is a comprehensive burn center that provides a holistic and integrated approach to treating burns. APROQUEN has set the standards internationally with acute treatment for burns, intensive care, reconstructive surgeries, nutritional care, rehabilitation, occupational therapy, and psychological treatment. APROQUEN is excelling within Central and South America with life-saving techniques and quality of care. It is imperative that burn centers in Central America recognize that the treatment of a child with a burn injury surpasses physical care to include psychological treatment for the complete well-being of the child...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892805/addressing-the-needs-of-nicaraguan-older-adults-living-on-the-edge-a-university-community-partnership-in-international-service-learning
#5
Margaret B Neal, Melissa Cannon, Alan DeLaTorre, Cory R Bolkan, Iris Wernher, Elisabeth Nolan, Milton López Norori, Carmen Largaespada-Fredersdorff, Keren Brown Wilson
Nicaragua is a very low-income country entering a period of rapid aging with limited geriatric training for health care professionals (López & Reyes-Ortiz, 2015). To help build capacity and to enhance student learning, a short-term international service-learning program was implemented in 2004 in partnership with the Jessie F. Richardson Foundation and Nicaraguan community stakeholders. Graduate and undergraduate students at Portland State University complete coursework for one term in the U.S. then travel to Nicaragua for about 2 weeks to participate in educational, research, and service activities, primarily in group homes for older Nicaraguans...
November 28, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891759/sociodemographic-correlates-and-family-aggregation-of-leukocyte-telomere-length-in-adults-and-children-from-mesoamerica
#6
Kerry S Flannagan, Erica C Jansen, Laura S Rozek, Katie M Rentschler, Ana Victoria Roman, Manuel Ramirez-Zea, Eduardo Villamor
OBJECTIVE: Telomere length is a biomarker of cumulative stress and inflammation related to chronic disease risk. We examined the associations of leukocyte telomere length (LTL) with sociodemographic and anthropometric variables and estimated LTL family aggregation in Central America, a region with a high burden of chronic disease where LTL has not been studied. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 174 school age children and their parents in the capital cities of Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, and the city of Tuxtla-Gutierrez in Mexico...
November 28, 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891114/comparative-analysis-of-two-helicobacter-pylori-strains-using-genomics-and-mass-spectrometry-based-proteomics
#7
Roger Karlsson, Kaisa Thorell, Shaghayegh Hosseini, Diarmuid Kenny, Carina Sihlbom, Åsa Sjöling, Anders Karlsson, Intawat Nookaew
Helicobacter pylori, a gastroenteric pathogen believed to have co-evolved with humans over 100,000 years, shows significant genetic variability. This motivates the study of different H. pylori strains and the diseases they cause in order to identify determinants for disease evolution. In this study, we used proteomics tools to compare two H. pylori strains. Nic25_A was isolated in Nicaragua from a patient with intestinal metaplasia, and P12 was isolated in Europe from a patient with duodenal ulcers. Differences in the abundance of surface proteins between the two strains were determined with two mass spectrometry-based methods, label-free quantification (MaxQuant) or the use of tandem mass tags (TMT)...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885146/men-s-educational-group-appointments-in-rural-nicaragua
#8
Bruce B Campbell, Hugo Gonzalez, McKenzie Campbell, Kent Campbell
Men's preventive health and wellness is largely neglected in rural Nicaragua, where a machismo culture prevents men from seeking health care. To address this issue, a men's educational group appointment model was initiated at a rural health post to increase awareness about hypertension, and to train community health leaders to measure blood pressure. Men's hypertension workshops were conducted with patient knowledge pretesting, didactic teaching, and posttesting. Pretesting and posttesting performances were recorded, blood pressures were screened, and community leaders were trained to perform sphygmomanometry...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870762/review-of-current-workforce-for-rheumatology-in-the-countries-of-the-americas-2012-2015
#9
John D Reveille, Roberto Muñoz, Enrique Soriano, Miguel Albanese, Graciela Espada, Carlos Jose Lozada, Ruben Antonio Montúfar, Fernando Neubarth, Gloria M Vasquez, Michel Zummer, Rosa Sheen, Carlo V Caballero-Uribe, Carlos Pineda
BACKGROUND: With the increases in and aging of the populations of the Americas, monitoring the number of rheumatologists is critical to address and focus on areas of greatest need. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to gather data on the rheumatology workforce from 21 national societies in the Pan American League of Associations for Rheumatology (PANLAR). METHODS: In September and October 2012 and again in October and November 2015, the heads of the 21 rheumatology national societies were contacted in the 2012 survey; all national societies responded except Cuba...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855323/food-insecurity-and-maternal-mental-health-in-le%C3%A3-n-nicaragua-potential-limitations-on-the-moderating-role-of-social-support
#10
Barbara A Piperata, Kammi K Schmeer, Andres Herrera Rodrigues, Virgilio Mariano Salazar Torres
Poor mental health among those living in poverty is a serious global public health concern. Food insecurity (FI) is recognized as an important, yet critically understudied social determinant of mental health. The relationship between FI and mothers' mental health in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) is especially important to understand considering the high rates of poverty and associated FI in these settings. For these mothers, social support may serve as a buffer in ameliorating the impact of FI on mental distress...
December 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824881/exploring-spatial-and-temporal-distribution-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-the-americas-2001-2011
#11
Ana Nilce Silveira Maia-Elkhoury, Zaida E Yadón, Martha Idali Saboyá Díaz, Francisca de Fátima de Araújo Lucena, Luis Gerardo Castellanos, Manuel J Sanchez-Vazquez
METHODS: Cases reported in the period of 2001-2011 from 14/18 CL endemic countries were included in this study by using two spreadsheet to collect the data. Two indicators were analyzed: CL cases and incidence rate. The local regression method was used to analyze case trends and incidence rates for all the studied period, and for 2011 the spatial distribution of each indicator was analyzed by quartile and stratified into four groups. RESULTS: From 2001-2011, 636,683 CL cases were reported by 14 countries and with an increase of 30% of the reported cases...
November 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806076/possible-ballast-water-transfer-of-lionfish-to-the-eastern-pacific-ocean
#12
Hugh J MacIsaac, Emma M De Roy, Brian Leung, Alice Grgicak-Mannion, Gregory M Ruiz
The Indo-Pacific Red Lionfish was first reported off the Florida coast in 1985, following which it has spread across much of the SE USA, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean Sea. Lionfish negatively impact fish and invertebrate assemblages and abundances, thus further spread is cause for concern. To date, the fish has not been reported on the Pacific coast of North or Central America. Here we examine the possibility of ballast water transfer of lionfish from colonized areas in the Atlantic Ocean to USA ports on the Pacific coast...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792777/unsuspected-dengue-as-a-cause-of-acute-febrile-illness-in-children-and-adults-in-western-nicaragua
#13
Megan E Reller, Aravinda M de Silva, Jeremy J Miles, Ramesh S Jadi, Anne Broadwater, Katie Walker, Christopher Woods, Orlando Mayorga, Armando Matute
BACKGROUND: Dengue is an emerging infectious disease of global significance. Suspected dengue, especially in children in Nicaragua's heavily-urbanized capital of Managua, has been well documented, but unsuspected dengue among children and adults with undifferentitated fever has not. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: To prospectively study dengue in semi-urban and rural western Nicaragua, we obtained epidemiologic and clinical data as well as acute and convalescent sera (2 to 4 weeks after onset of illness) from a convenience sample (enrollment Monday to Saturday daytime to early evening) of consecutively enrolled patients (n = 740) aged ≥ 1 years presenting with acute febrile illness...
October 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780914/excellence-in-development-of-health-care-providers-the-nicaragua-clinical-experience
#14
Norma Graciela Cuellar, Alyssia Miller, Jackson Knappen, Jacqueline Visina
INTRODUCTION: According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 17% of the U.S. population is Latino, with an expected increase to 31% by 2060. It is imperative that we prepare students who will be future health care providers with the resources needed to care for the Latino population, specifically increasing the number of Spanish-speaking health care providers who have some understanding of the Latino culture. There is a lack of health care providers who are educated about the Latino culture and lack mentorship in the development of medical conversational Spanish...
December 2016: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778409/early-and-dynamic-colonization-of-central-america-drives-speciation-in-neotropical-army-ants
#15
Max E Winston, Daniel J C Kronauer, Corrie S Moreau
The emergence of the Isthmus of Panama is one of the most important events in recent geological history, yet its timing and role in fundamental evolutionary processes remain controversial. While the formation of the isthmus was complete around 3 million years ago (Ma), recent studies have suggested prior intercontinental biotic exchange. In particular, the possibility of early intermittent land bridges facilitating colonization constitutes a potential mechanism for speciation and colonization before full closure of the isthmus...
October 25, 2016: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764959/-love-and-trust-you-can-be-blinded-hiv-risk-within-relationships-among-latina-women-in-miami-florida
#16
Gladys E Ibañez, Elaine Whitt, Tenesha Avent, Steve S Martin, Leah M Varga, Miguel A Cano, Daniel J O'Connell
OBJECTIVES: Latina women are disproportionately affected by HIV in the US, and account for 30% of all HIV infections in Miami-Dade County, Florida. The main risk for Latina women is heterosexual contact. Little is known about the relational and cultural factors that may impact women's HIV risk perception. This study aims to describe Latina women's perception of their HIV risk within a relational, cultural, and linguistic context. DESIGN: Eight focus groups of Latina women (n = 28), four English speaking groups and four Spanish speaking groups, were conducted between December 2013 and May 2014...
October 21, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761504/data-on-medicinal-plants-used-in-central-america-to-manage-diabetes-and-its-sequelae-skin-conditions-cardiovascular-disease-kidney-disease-urinary-problems-and-vision-loss
#17
Peter Giovannini, Melanie-Jayne R Howes, Sarah E Edwards
The data described in this article is related to the review article "Medicinal plants used in the traditional management of diabetes and its sequelae in Central America: a review" (Giovannini et al., 2016) [1]. We searched publications on the useful plants of Central America in databases and journals by using selected relevant keywords. We then extracted reported uses of medicinal plants within the disease categories: diabetes mellitus, kidney disease, urinary problems, skin diseases and infections, cardiovascular disease, sexual dysfunction, vision loss, and nerve damage...
June 2016: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749435/implementation-of-a-sustainable-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-prevention-protocol-in-a-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-in-managua-nicaragua
#18
Kelsey Chinnadurai, Lindy Fenlason, Brian Bridges, Mana Espahbodi, Sivakumar Chinnadurai, Jane Blood-Siegfried
BACKGROUND: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a common nosocomial infection in pediatric intensive care units (ICUs). Ventilator-associated pneumonia protocols decrease the incidence of VAP; however, many components of these protocols are not feasible in all settings. This study was done in a large pediatric hospital in Nicaragua. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to implement a sustainable evidence-based VAP protocol, in a different culture, for the purpose of decreasing VAP rates...
November 2016: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736898/hiv-drug-resistance-in-antiretroviral-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-individuals-in-the-largest-public-hospital-in-nicaragua-2011-2015
#19
Santiago Avila-Ríos, Claudia García-Morales, Margarita Matías-Florentino, Daniela Tapia-Trejo, Bismarck F Hernández-Álvarez, Sumaya E Moreira-López, Carlos J Quant-Durán, Guillermo Porras-Cortés, Gustavo Reyes-Terán
BACKGROUND: Increasing HIV pre-treatment drug resistance (PDR) levels have been observed in regions with increasing antiretroviral treatment (ART) coverage. However, data is lacking for several low/middle-income countries. We present the first PDR survey in Nicaragua since ART introduction in the country in 2003. METHODS: HIV-infected, ART-naïve Nicaraguan individuals were enrolled at Roberto Calderón Hospital, the largest national HIV referral center, from 2011 to 2015...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706429/a-multi-country-cross-sectional-observational-study-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean
#20
Lauren Arnesen, Pablo Durán, Juan Silva, Luisa Brumana
Objective To consolidate available information from the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region on 1) national incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and 2) national-level government inputs on ROP (existing national policies, guidelines, programs, and financing for ROP prevention, detection, and treatment, including ROP screening) in 2014. Methods In March and April 2015, a multi-country online survey was distributed to 56 medical and public health experts working on ROP in LAC countries. Respondents were instructed to provide quantitative and qualitative information representative of the national situation in 2014 for ROP incidence and national-level government inputs (existing national policies, guidelines, programs, and financing for ROP prevention, detection, and treatment, including ROP screening) in their country...
June 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
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