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Migration and health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210508/scoping-review-on-maternal-health-among-immigrant-and-refugee-women-in-canada-prenatal-intrapartum-and-postnatal-care
#1
REVIEW
N Khanlou, N Haque, A Skinner, A Mantini, C Kurtz Landy
The last fifteen years have seen a dramatic increase in both the childbearing age and diversity of women migrating to Canada. The resulting health impact underscores the need to explore access to health services and the related maternal health outcome. This article reports on the results of a scoping review focused on migrant maternal health within the context of accessible and effective health services during pregnancy and following delivery. One hundred and twenty-six articles published between 2000 and 2016 that met our inclusion criteria and related to this group of migrant women, with pregnancy/motherhood status, who were living in Canada, were identified...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207673/demographic-characteristics-associated-with-barriers-to-health-care-among-mexican-and-guatemalan-immigrants-in-a-nontraditional-destination-area
#2
Jenny Zhen-Duan, Farrah Jacquez, Lisa Vaughn
The purpose of this study was to examine demographic factors associated with health care barriers among Mexican (n = 258) and Guatemalan (n = 143) immigrants in Cincinnati, a nontraditional destination (new migration area). Three primary results emerged: length of US residence was not associated with fewer health care barriers, Mexican women and younger Guatemalans endorsed fewer skills-related barriers, and childless Guatemalans reported more barriers to care the longer they reside in the United States, when compared with Guatemalans with children...
April 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202340/association-between-sociodemographic-psychosocial-lifestyle-factors-and-self-reported-health-among-migrant-laborers-in-china
#3
Cheng-Cheng Li, Xue-Hui Meng, Jing-Ru Wang, Hong-Jun Ma, Chun Chen, Yuan-Qing Liu
BACKGROUND: There were 245 million migrants in China in 2013, the majority of whom migrated from rural to urban areas. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the association between sociodemographic, psychosocial, and lifestyle factors, and self-reported health (SRH) in Chinese migrant laborers. METHODS: This study was conducted based on data from the China Labor-force Dynamics Survey 2012. SRH was measured in a single item, although there were other risk factors from three different groups: sociodemographic, psychosocial, and lifestyle factors...
February 12, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202150/age-at-migration-family-instability-and-timing-of-sexual-onset
#4
Rachel E Goldberg, Marta Tienda, Alícia Adserà
This study builds on and extends previous research on nativity variations in adolescent health and risk behavior by addressing three questions: (1) whether and how generational status and age at migration are associated with timing of sexual onset among U.S. adolescents; (2) whether and how family instability mediates associations between nativity and sexual debut; and (3) whether and how these associations vary by gender. We find that first- and second-generation immigrant youth initiate sexual activity later than native youth...
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198505/migration-and-invasion-enhancer-1-mien1-is-overexpressed-in-breast-cancer-and-is-a-potential-new-therapeutic-molecular-target
#5
H-B Zhao, X-F Zhang, H-B Wang, M-Z Zhang
Migration and invasion enhancer 1 (MIEN1) is a membrane-anchored protein that is highly expressed in various types of cancer, and is correlated with the PI3K/AKT pathway. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of MIEN1 and its clinical pathological significance in breast cancer. We used immunohistochemical staining to examine the expression of MIEN1 in 40 samples of human breast cancer tissue and 10 samples taken from regions adjacent to normal breast tissue. The rate of detection of MIEN1 protein was 67...
February 8, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193521/pharmacological-inhibition-of-magl-lipase-attenuates-experimental-colon-carcinogenesis
#6
Ester Pagano, Francesca Borrelli, Pierangelo Orlando, Barbara Romano, Martina Monti, Lucia Morbidelli, Gabriella Aviello, Roberta Imperatore, Raffaele Capasso, Fabiana Piscitelli, Lorena Buono, Vincenzo Di Marzo, Angelo A Izzo
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major health problem in Western countries. The endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoyl-glycerol (2-AG) exerts antiproliferative actions in a number of tumoral cell lines, including CRC cells. Monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL), a serine hydrolase that inactivates 2-AG, is highly expressed in aggressive human cancer cells. Here, we investigated the role of MAGL in experimental colon carcinogenesis. The role of MAGL was assessed in vivo by using the xenograft and the azoxymethane models of colon carcinogenesis; MAGL expression was evaluated by RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry; 2-AG levels were measured by liquid chromatography mass spectrometry; angiogenesis was evaluated in tumor tissues [by microvessel counting and by investigating the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) proteins] as well as in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC); cyclin D1 was evaluated by RT-PCR...
February 10, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188896/alteration-of-neurotransmission-and-skeletogenesis-in-sea-urchin-arbacia-lixula-embryos-exposed-to-copper-oxide-nanoparticles
#7
Tiziana Cappello, Valeria Vitale, Sabrina Oliva, Valentina Villari, Angela Mauceri, Salvatore Fasulo, Maria Maisano
The extensive use of copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO NPs) in many applications has raised concerns over their toxicity on environment and human health. Herein, the embryotoxicity of CuO NPs was assessed in the black sea urchin Arbacia lixula, an intertidal species commonly present in the Mediterranean. Fertilized eggs were exposed to 0.7, 10 and 20ppb of CuO NPs, until pluteus stage. Interferences with the normal neurotransmission pathways were observed in sea urchin embryos. In detail, evidence of cholinergic and serotoninergic systems affection was revealed by dose-dependent decreased levels of choline and N-acetyl serotonin, respectively, measured by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based metabolomics, applied for the first time to our knowledge on sea urchin embryos...
February 7, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186074/adoption-of-electronic-health-record-system-in-community-based-physiotherapy-clinics-a-pilot-case-study
#8
Alan Yung
QUESTION: Can community-based physiotherapists adopt and use a nationally integrated electronic health record (NEHR) system? DESIGN: Observation and semi-structured interviews in two community-based physiotherapy clinics in Sydney, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Two physiotherapy practice managers who were also practising physiotherapists. INTERVENTION: The implementation of a nationally integrated EHR system in physiotherapy...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184932/microrna-520c-inhibits-glioma-cell-migration-and-invasion-by-the-suppression-of-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-receptor-type%C3%A2-2
#9
Shengli Hu, Huibin Chen, Yuqiang Zhang, Chaojia Wang, Kaijun Liu, Hui Wang, Jie Luo
Dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) is actively involved in the development and progression of glioma. miR-520c was previously found to inhibit glioblastoma cell migration. However, the clinical significance of miR-520c and its biological function in glioma remain largely unknown. In the present study, we found that miR-520c expression in glioma tissues was significantly decreased compared to adjacent non‑cancerous tissues. The low level of miR-520c was prominently correlated with advanced World Health Organization (WHO) grade and decreased overall survival of glioma patients...
March 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183281/assessing-the-risk-for-suicide-in-schizophrenia-according-to-migration-ethnicity-and-geographical-ancestry
#10
Nuwan C Hettige, Ali Bani-Fatemi, James L Kennedy, Vincenzo De Luca
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a leading cause of mortality among those afflicted by schizophrenia. Previous studies demonstrated that the stressors associated with immigration may lead to an onset of schizophrenia and suicide separately in susceptible individuals. However, no studies have shown whether immigration may lead to suicidal behaviour for individuals with schizophrenia. Our study proposes that an individual's geographical ancestry, ethnicity or migration status may be predictive of suicide risk in schizophrenia...
February 9, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177667/ursolic-acid-suppresses-leptin-induced-cell-proliferation-in-rat-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells
#11
Ya-Mei Yu, Chiang-Chin Tsai, Yu-Wen Tzeng, Weng-Cheng Chang, Su-Yin Chiang, Ming-Fen Lee
Accumulating lines of evidence indicate that high leptin levels are associated with adverse cardiovascular health in obese individuals. Proatherogenic effects of leptin include endothelial cell activation, vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration. Ursolic acid (UA) has been reported to exhibit multiple biological effects including antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. In this study, we investigated the effect of UA on leptin-induced biological responses in rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs)...
January 29, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177603/pro-inflammatory-and-pro-fibrogenic-effects-of-ionic-and-particulate-arsenide-and-indium-containing-semiconductor-materials-in-the-murine-lung
#12
Wen Jiang, Xiang Wang, Olivia J Osborne, Yingjie Du, Chong Hyun Chang, Yu-Pei Liao, Bingbing Sun, Jinhong Jiang, Zhaoxia Ji, Ruibin Li, Xiangsheng Liu, Jianqin Lu, Sijie Lin, Huan Meng, Tian Xia, André E Nel
We have recently shown that the toxicological potential of GaAs and InAs particulates in cells is size- and dissolution-dependent, tending to be more pronounced for nano- vs micron-sized particles. Whether the size-dependent dissolution and shedding of ionic III-V materials also apply to pulmonary exposure is unclear. While it has been demonstrated that micron-sized III-V particles, such as GaAs and InAs, are capable of inducing hazardous pulmonary effects in an occupational setting as well as in animal studies, the effect of submicron particles (e...
February 8, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171816/the-western-disease-autism-and-somali-parents-embodied-health-movements
#13
Claire Laurier Decoteau
There is some statistical evidence indicating that Somali refugees and immigrants have high rates of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Somalis in North America call autism the "Western disease" because there is no word for autism in the Somali language and because many believe it does not exist in Somalia. In Toronto, Somali parents have forged an "epistemic community," united around a coherent theory of the development of autism, its defining features, and most successful therapies. They work together with researchers to support the theory that gut bacteria is a causal factor for the development of autism...
February 1, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171746/macrophage-functions-in-tissue-patterning-and-disease-new-insights-from-the-fly
#14
REVIEW
Will Wood, Paul Martin
Macrophages are multifunctional innate immune cells that seed all tissues within the body and play disparate roles throughout development and in adult tissues, both in health and disease. Their complex developmental origins and many of their functions are being deciphered in mammalian tissues, but opportunities for live imaging and the genetic tractability of Drosophila are offering complementary insights into how these fascinating cells integrate a multitude of guidance cues to fulfill their many tasks and migrate to distant sites to either direct developmental patterning or raise an inflammatory response...
February 6, 2017: Developmental Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168642/effectiveness-and-safety-of-unilateral-pedicle-screw-fixation-in-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-tlif-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Chunpeng Ren, Rujie Qin, Penghao Sun, Peng Wang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of unilateral pedicle screw fixation in transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) by comparing with bilateral pedicle screw fixation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trial database were used to search and identify clinical prospective trials that evaluated the efficacy and safety of unilateral fixation as compared with bilateral fixation in TLIF surgery. The methodological qualities of studies were assessed using the PEDro (Physiotherapy Evidence Database) score and Newcastle-Ottawa Scale...
February 6, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165591/stable-migration-pattern-of-an-ultra-short-anatomical-uncemented-hip-stem-a-prospective-study-with-2-years-radiostereometric-analysis-follow-up
#16
Ahmed Nageeb Mahmoud, Uldis Kesteris, Gunnar Flivik
INTRODUCTION: Shorter, anatomically shaped and proximally loading stems have been developed to achieve better stress distribution and be more bone preserving. The purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate the migration pattern of the Proxima™ ultra-short uncemented stem using radiostereometric analysis (RSA), and to review the literature regarding the migration of short stemmed hip arthroplasty. METHODS: 25 patients (28 hips) with hip osteoarthritis received a Proxima stem during total hip arthroplasty (THA)...
February 4, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165380/building-responsive-health-systems-to-help-communities-affected-by-migration-an-international-delphi-consensus
#17
Kevin Pottie, Charles Hui, Prinon Rahman, David Ingleby, Elie A Akl, Grant Russell, Li Ling, Kolitha Wickramage, Davide Mosca, Claire D Brindis
: Persons affected by migration require health systems that are responsive and adaptable to the needs of both disadvantaged migrants and non-migrant populations. The objective of this study is to support health systems for populations affected by migration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An international Delphi consensus process was used to identify policy approaches to improve health systems for populations affected by migration. Participants were leading migrant health experts from Americas, Europe, Middle East, Asia, and Australasia...
February 3, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164287/prioritizing-and-synthesizing-evidence-to-improve-the-health-care-of-girls-and-women-living-with-female-genital-mutilation-an-overview-of-the-process
#18
Karin Stein, Michelle J Hindin, Doris Chou, Lale Say
Female genital mutilation (FGM) constitutes a harmful traditional practice that can have a profound impact on the health and well-being of girls and women who undergo the procedure. In recent years, due to international migration, healthcare providers worldwide are increasingly confronted with the need to provide adequate health care to this population. Recognizing this situation the WHO recently developed the first evidence-based guidelines on the management of health complications from FGM. To inform the guideline recommendations, an expert-driven, two-step process was conducted...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161675/understanding-seasonal-mobilities-health-and-wellbeing-to-sanya-china
#19
Lirong Kou, Honggang Xu, Kevin Hannam
Both the ageing of the Chinese population and elderly mobility impact on the Chinese social infrastructure, triggering challenges to maintain elderly wellbeing. This paper reflects on the notion that seasonal mobility promotes wellbeing, and explores how two crucial factors, namely, forced migration and health conditions, influence the relations between seasonal retirement mobility and wellbeing. This study analyses amenity-led seasonal retired mobilities to Sanya as a case study, and adopts and develops a conceptual framework for relations between mobility and wellbeing in terms of daily activity, sociality, and context through seasonal mobility...
January 27, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161477/sequential-transmigration-of-polymorphonuclear-cells-and-naive-cd3-t-lymphocytes-across-the-blood-cerebrospinal-fluid-barrier-in-vitro-following-infection-with-echovirus-30
#20
Tobias Dahm, Franziska Frank, Ortwin Adams, Holger A Lindner, Hiroshi Ishikawa, Christel Weiss, Christian Schwerk, Horst Schroten, Tobias Tenenbaum, Henriette Rudolph
Viral meningitis by non-polio enteroviruses (NPEV) is a major public health burden causing fatal outcomes especially in the younger population. Strong evidence exists that the blood-cerebrospinal-fluid (CSF) barrier (BCSFB) serves as an entry point for enterovirus and leucocytes into the central nervous system (CNS). Moreover, analysis of clinical CSF specimens of patients with a NPEV infection revealed a predominance of polymorphonuclear granulocytes (PMN) in the early phase and mononuclear cells in the later course of meningitis...
February 1, 2017: Virus Research
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