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Migration and health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443167/elderly-patients-achieving-clinical-and-radiological-outcomes-comparable-with-those-of-younger-patients-following-minimally-invasive-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion
#1
Joshi Nikhil N, Joel Wei-An Lim, William Yeo, Wai-Mun Yue
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of prospective database. PURPOSE: To compare 2-year clinical and radiological outcomes after minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) among "middle-age" (50-64.99 years), "young-old" (65-74.99 years), and "old-old" (>75 years) patients. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Owing to higher perioperative morbidity and mortality rates, elderly patients with degenerative lumbar conditions are occasionally denied surgical care, even after conservative treatment failure...
April 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441421/high-prevalence-of-mrsa-and-esbl-among-asylum-seekers-in-the-netherlands
#2
Sofanne J Ravensbergen, Matthijs Berends, Ymkje Stienstra, Alewijn Ott
Migration is one of the risk factors for the spread of multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO). The increasing influx of migrants challenges local health care systems. To provide evidence for both hospital hygiene measure and empirical antibiotic therapy, we analysed all cultures performed in asylum seekers between January 1st 2014 and December 31st 2015 for methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and for multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (MDRE). We compared these with cultures from the Dutch patient population with risk factors for carriage of MDRO...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438915/conservation-development-and-the-management-of-infectious-disease-avian-influenza-in-china-2004-2012
#3
Tong Wu, Charles Perrings
There is growing evidence that wildlife conservation measures have mixed effects on the emergence and spread of zoonotic disease. Wildlife conservation has been found to have both positive (dilution) and negative (contagion) effects. In the case of avian influenza H5N1 in China, the focus has been on negative effects. Lakes and wetlands attracting migrating waterfowl have been argued to be disease hotspots. We consider the implications of waterfowl conservation for H5N1 infections in both poultry and humans between 2004 and 2012...
June 5, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438218/malaria-elimination-in-lao-pdr-the-challenges-associated-with-population-mobility
#4
REVIEW
Sengchanh Kounnavong, Deyer Gopinath, Bouasy Hongvanthong, Chanthalone Khamkong, Odai Sichanthongthip
Although the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) is comparatively small landlocked country with patterns of both in- and out-migration, its human migration situation has been poorly studied. This is despite all of the country's 18 provinces sharing both official and unofficial border checkpoints with neighboring countries. Economic reforms in the last decade have seen a gradual increase in the promotion of foreign investment, and main towns and transportation networks have been expanding thus offering new opportunities for livelihoods and economic activities...
April 25, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437817/-challenges-of-diversity-sensitive-care-in-medical-rehabilitation
#5
P Brzoska, O Razum
Diversity markers such as sex, migration background and socioeconomic status are associated with different needs and expectations in health care. In rehabilitation these needs and expectations are often not adequately accounted for. This may affect health care outcomes. In order to improve rehabilitative care, it is not sufficient to only focus on selected diversity criteria such as migration background. This has two reasons: First, health care users are defined by a wide range of different diversity markers; second, diversity markers are closely interrelated...
April 24, 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434988/genotyping-of-helicobacter-pylori-shows-high-diversity-of-strains-circulating-in-central-vietnam
#6
Trung Nam Phan, Antonella Santona, Van Huy Tran, Thi Nhu Hoa Tran, Le Van An, Pietro Cappuccinelli, Salvatore Rubino, Bianca Paglietti
In Vietnam, the high prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection represents a serious health problem. Virulence genes of H. pylori have been associated to increased risk of severe gastrointestinal diseases and the genetic background differs in geographical areas. We investigated cagA and vacA genotypes of H. pylori from dyspeptic patients from central Vietnam and the correlation with clinical outcomes; we also performed sequencing analysis of partial cagA gene. Overall, 84% of strains were cagA-positive, 75% were East-Asian type with a prevalence of vacAs1i1m1 and vacAs1i1m2 genotypes (66...
April 18, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434758/mallards-anas-platyrhynchos-and-wastewater-ponds-part-ii-developmental-physiological-morphological-and-behavioural-effects-of-ingestion-of-secondary-clarified-effluent-water
#7
K B Tierney, P O Welsh, M Mills, S Nason, D R Barreda, C A Paszkowski
Rather than migrating, mallard ducks may choose to overwinter in northern cities on open-water thermal refuges, such as municipal wastewater treatment ponds, which in Edmonton, Canada, stay ≥10°C during frigid winter months. Refuging mallards spend appreciable time daily on these ponds and hydrate using secondary clarified municipal wastewater (SCEW). We aimed to determine if SCEW ingestion affected mallard health. To this end, we gavaged newly hatched mallards (domesticated Pekin strain) over their first month with SCEW, as well as water representing negative and positive controls (municipal tap water, and the primary active ingredient from birth control pills, 17α-ethinyl estradiol (EE2), respectively)...
April 20, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432618/the-identification-of-key-genes-and-pathways-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-by-bioinformatics-analysis-of-high-throughput-data
#8
Chaoyang Zhang, Li Peng, Yaqin Zhang, Zhaoyang Liu, Wenling Li, Shilian Chen, Guancheng Li
Liver cancer is a serious threat to public health and has fairly complicated pathogenesis. Therefore, the identification of key genes and pathways is of much importance for clarifying molecular mechanism of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) initiation and progression. HCC-associated gene expression dataset was downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus database. Statistical software R was used for significance analysis of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between liver cancer samples and normal samples. Gene Ontology (GO) term enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis, based on R software, were applied for the identification of pathways in which DEGs significantly enriched...
June 2017: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429462/kinship-nomadism-and-humanitarian-aid-among-somalis-in-ethiopia
#9
Lauren Carruth
This paper draws on extended ethnographic and health policy research in eastern Ethiopia to reconsider kinship and nomadism among Somalis, as both of these cultural features transform in the contexts of recurrent humanitarian crises and episodic relief operations. The emergence and importance of new patterns of travel and migration among Somalis in Ethiopia reveal significant changes in the configurations and enactments of Somali kinship, on which many Somalis' mobility depends. Conversely, an analysis of Somalis' dynamic sub-clan groupings and geographically dispersed kinship networks also highlights emergent patterns of mobility and migration that enable access to training opportunities and employment with relief organisations, as well as to distributions of humanitarian aid...
April 21, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428838/a-national-strategic-plan-for-reducing-the-burden-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-israel-by-the-year-2025
#10
Daniel Chemtob, Dan Gandacu, Zohar Mor, Itamar Grotto, Emilia Anis, Elliot Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: There is on ongoing debate in the literature regarding the real burden of STIs (sexually transmitted infections) in Western countries and the proper strategies needed to estimate and to prevent them. Our purpose is to present an evidence-based national strategic plan for STI prevention in Israel through assessing the current burden of illness, leading international preventive strategies, and practical policymaking experience. METHODS: Epidemiologic and health policy data on STIs were analyzed from various sources: a) systematic national surveillance data for the years 2002-2014; b) the international scientific literature (published between 2002-16; keywords: Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) (or STI) AND prevention AND intervention AND gonorrhea OR chlamydia OR syphilis; c) internal Ministry of Health (MOH) analyses and reports, and d) expert opinion...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428122/challenges-in-the-management-of-chagas-disease-in-latin-american-migrants-in-europe
#11
REVIEW
B Monge-Maillo, R López-Vélez
 Chagas disease (CD) is endemic in Latin America. Due to migration, the infection has crossed borders and it is estimated that 68 000-120 000 people with CD are currently living in Europe and 30% of them may develop visceral involvement. However, up to 90% of CD cases in Europe remain undiagnosed. The challenges which have to be overcome in CD are related to screening, diagnostic tools and therapeutic management in non-endemic countries. AIMS : The aim of this review is to highlight how healthcare management for Latin American migrants with CD in Europe may be improved...
April 17, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427875/easl-2017-clinical-practice-guidelines-on-the-management-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection
#12
Pietro Lampertico, Kosh Agarwal, Thomas Berg, Maria Buti, Harry L A Janssen, George Papatheodoridis, Fabien Zoulim, Frank Tacke
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection remains a global public health problem with changing epidemiology due to several factors including vaccination policies and migration. This Clinical Practice Guideline presents updated recommendations for the optimal management of HBV infection. Chronic HBV infection can be classified into five phases: (I) HBeAg-positive chronic infection, (II) HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis, (III) HBeAg-negative chronic infection, (IV) HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis and (V) HBsAg-negative phase...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427430/profile-and-professional-expectations-of-medical-students-from-11-latin-american-countries-the-red-lirhus-project
#13
Percy Mayta-Tristán, Reneé Pereyra-Elías, Juan José Montenegro-Idrogo, Christian R Mejia, Fiorella Inga-Berrospi, Edward Mezones-Holguín
BACKGROUND: Latin America is undergoing a human resource crisis in health care in terms of labor shortage, misdistribution and poor orientation to primary care. Workforce data are needed to inform the planning of long-term strategies to address this problem. This study aimed to evaluate the academic and motivational profile, as well as the professional expectations, of Latin American medical students. RESULTS: We conducted an observational, cross-sectional, multi-country study evaluating medical students from 11 Spanish-speaking countries in 2011-2012...
April 20, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427363/a-spatio-temporal-analysis-of-suicide-in-el-salvador
#14
Carlos Carcach
BACKGROUND: In 2012, international statistics showed El Salvador's suicide rate as 40th in the world and the highest in Latin America. Over the last 15 years, national statistics show the suicide death rate declining as opposed to an increasing rate of homicide. Though completed suicide is an important social and health issue, little is known about its prevalence, incidence, etiology and spatio-temporal behavior. The primary objective of this study was to examine completed suicide and homicide using the stream analogy to lethal violence within a spatio-temporal framework...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426115/health-problems-of-newly-arrived-migrants-and-refugees-in-europe
#15
Dr Androula Pavli, Dr Helena Maltezou
Background.: The number of migrants and refugees in Europe in the past few years has increased dramatically due to war, violence or prosecutions in their homeland. Migration may affect physical, mental and social health. The objective of this article is to assess migrants and refugees' health problems, and to recommend appropriate interventions. Methods.: A PubMed search of published articles on health problems of newly arrived migrants and refugees was conducted from 2003 through 2016, focusing on the current refugee crisis in Europe...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425054/can-a-three-component-prosthesis-be-used-for-conversion-of-painful-ankle-arthrodesis-to-total-ankle-replacement
#16
Markus Preis, Travis Bailey, Lucas S Marchand, Alexej Barg
BACKGROUND: In patients with painful ankle arthrodesis, the surgical treatment is challenging, and may include takedown of ankle arthrodesis and conversion to a total ankle replacement (TAR). This procedure is technically demanding given the altered anatomy after arthrodesis. Few studies have evaluated TAR in the setting of prior arthrodesis. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) What intraoperative and perioperative complications were observed in patients who underwent conversion of an ankle arthrodesis to a TAR? (2) Was durable fixation achieved at short term, and what was the alignment of the components? (3) What subsequent surgical procedures were performed, including revisions? (4) What improvements were observed in pain, tibiotalar range of motion (ROM), and quality of life? METHODS: Between January 2007 and December 2014, 18 patients with a painful ankle arthrodesis underwent conversion to TAR at our tertiary referral center...
April 19, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424997/changing-places-changing-plates-a-binational-comparison-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-healthful-eating-among-central-american-communities
#17
Melissa Fuster, Uriyoán Colón-Ramos
To understand the process by which immigrants adopt dietary practices, this study offers a binational comparison of factors that predispose, enable, and reinforce healthful eating in the sending and receiving countries. Data are from two qualitative studies that examined barriers and facilitators to healthful eating in El Salvador (four focus groups, n = 28 adults) and in the US (30 in-depth interviews n = 15 mothers recently migrated from Central America). There was a strong emphasis on hygiene and vitamin-content of foods among participants in El Salvador...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423746/feasibility-of-representing-a-danish-microbiology-model-using-fhir
#18
Mie Vestergaard Andersen, Ida Hvass Kristensen, Malene Møller Larsen, Claus Hougaard Pedersen, Kirstine Rosenbeck Gøeg, Louise B Pape-Haugaard
Achieving interoperability in health is a challenge and requires standardization. The newly developed HL7 standard: Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources (FHIR) promises both flexibility and interoperability. This study investigates the feasibility of expressing a Danish microbiology message model content in FHIR to explore whether complex in-use legacy models can be migrated and what challenges this may pose. The Danish microbiology message model (the DMM) is used as a case to illustrate challenges and opportunities accosted with applying the FHIR standard...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421178/applying-precision-public-health-to-prevent-preterm-birth
#19
REVIEW
John P Newnham, Matthew W Kemp, Scott W White, Catherine A Arrese, Roger J Hart, Jeffrey A Keelan
Preterm birth (PTB) is one of the major health-care challenges of our time. Being born too early is associated with major risks to the child with potential for serious consequences in terms of life-long disability and health-care costs. Discovering how to prevent PTB needs to be one of our greatest priorities. Recent advances have provided hope that a percentage of cases known to be related to risk factors may be amenable to prevention; but the majority of cases remain of unknown cause, and there is little chance of prevention...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420374/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-common-mental-disorders-among-ethiopian-migrant-returnees-from-the-middle-east-and-south-africa
#20
Kassahun Habtamu, Abebaw Minaye, Waganesh A Zeleke
BACKGROUND: Ethiopian migrants to the Middle East and South Africa experience a range of problems at various stages of their migration including overwork, sleep deprivation, denial of food, emotional abuse, difficulty adapting to the host culture, salary denial, sexual abuse, labor exploitation, confiscation of their travel documents, confinement, denial of medication, lack of access to legal service and degrading attitude by employers, traffickers and smugglers. These experiences can be associated with different types of mental disorders...
April 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
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