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Migration and health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778969/social-support-under-siege-an-analysis-of-forced-migration-among-women-from-the-democratic-republic-of-congo
#1
Karin Wachter, Lauren E Gulbas
In 2016, researchers conducted a qualitative study in a mid-sized town in the United States to address gaps in research and practice related to psychosocial consequences of forced migration among women. The loss of social support and its impacts on the well-being of women are rarely addressed in refugee resettlement policy or practice overwhelmingly concerned with economic self-sufficiency. The study sought to develop theory to explain how women (n = 27) who migrated from the Democratic Republic of the Congo recreate social support post-resettlement in the United States...
May 3, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778934/spatial-accessibility-of-primary-health-care-in-china-a-case-study-in-sichuan-province
#2
Xiuli Wang, Huazhen Yang, Zhanqi Duan, Jay Pan
Access to primary health care is considered a fundamental right and an important facilitator of overall population health. Township health centers (THCs) and Community health centers (CHCs) serve as central hubs of China's primary health care system and have been emphasized during recent health care reforms. Accessibility of these hubs is poorly understood and a better understanding of the current situation is essential for proper decision making. This study assesses spatial access to health care provided by primary health care institutions (THCs/CHCs) in Sichuan Province as a microcosm in China...
May 10, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778396/how-effective-are-approaches-to-migrant-screening-for-infectious-diseases-in-europe-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Farah Seedat, Sally Hargreaves, Laura B Nellums, Jing Ouyang, Michael Brown, Jon S Friedland
Rates of migration to Europe, and within Europe, have increased in recent years, with considerable implications for health systems. Migrants in Europe face a disproportionate burden of tuberculosis, HIV, and hepatitis B and C, yet experience a large number of barriers to accessing statutory health care on arrival. A better understanding of how to deliver effective and cost-effective screening, vaccination, and health services to this group is now crucial. We did a systematic review to document and assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of approaches used for infectious diseases screening, and to explore facilitators and barriers experienced by migrants to accessing screening programmes...
May 16, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774560/high-resolution-separation-of-monoclonal-antibodies-mixtures-and-their-charge-variants-by-an-alternative-and-generic-cze-method
#4
Alexandre Goyon, Yannis Nicolas Francois, Olivier Colas, Alain Beck, Jean Luc Veuthey, Davy Guillarme
The determination of mAb critical quality attributes (CQA) is crucial for their successful application in health diseases. A generic CZE method was developed for the high-resolution separation of various mAb charge variants, which are often recognized as important CQA. A dynamic coating of the capillary was obtained with polyethylene oxide (PEO), whereas Bis-Tris allowed the analysis of mAbs under native conditions at pH 7.0. The effect of PEO and Bis-Tris concentrations, as well as the nature of the acidic counter ion on the method performance were systematically studied...
May 17, 2018: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773680/macrophage-migration-inhibitory-factor-794-catt-microsatellite-polymorphism-and-risk-of-tuberculosis-a-meta-analysis
#5
Mingbiao Ma, Lvyan Tao, Aihua Liu, Zhang Liang, Jiaru Yang, Yun Peng, Xiting Dai, Ruolan Bai, Zhenhua Ji, Miaomiao Jian, Fukai Bao
Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic infectious disease that has been threatening public health for many years. Several studies have shown the relationship between the macrophage migration inhibitory factor-794CATT ( MIF-794CATT ) microsatellite polymorphism and susceptibility of tuberculosis ( TB ). However, the results remain inconclusive. Therefore, we aim to find out the impact of MIF-794 CATT microsatellite polymorphism on risk of TB by a comprehensive meta-analysis. We conducted a systematic study search in PubMed,Embase, the Cochrane Library, and the China National Knowledge Infrastructure ( CNKI ) up to October, 2017...
May 17, 2018: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773083/reprising-the-globalization-dimensions-of-international-health
#6
EDITORIAL
Ronald Labonté
Globalization is a fairly recent addition to the panoply of concepts describing the internationalization of health concerns. What distinguishes it from 'international health' or its newer morphing into 'global health' is a specific analytical concern with how globalization processes, past or present, but particularly since the start of our neoliberal era post-1980, is affecting health outcomes. Globalization processes influence health through multiple social pathways: from health systems and financing reforms to migration flows and internal displacement; via trade and investment treaties, labour market 'flexibilization', and the spread of unhealthy commodities; or through deploying human rights and environment protection treaties, and strengthening health diplomacy efforts, to create more equitable and sustainable global health outcomes...
May 18, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772813/the-rights-of-children-on-the-move-and-the-budapest-declaration
#7
Charles Oberg
It has been estimated that more than 50,000,000 children and youth have migrated across borders or been forcibly displaced within their own country. They consist of refugees, asylum seekers, internally displaced persons (IDP), economic migrants, and exploited trafficked children. They are virtually "stateless", children deprived of the protective structures of state and family that they need and deserve and unrecognized by either their country of origin or the international community. This opinion piece starts with the personal reflections of its author on his recent work in Middle East refugee camps...
May 17, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771827/the-influence-of-socioeconomic-factors-on-the-epidemiology-of-maxillofacial-fractures-in-southern-italy
#8
Carolina Sbordone, Ida Barca, Marzia Petrocelli, Giovanni Dell'Aversana Orabona, Luigi Angelo Vaira, Walter Colangeli, Maria Giulia Cristofaro, Mario Giudice, Amerigo Giudice, Francesco Maria Cassandro, Federica Attanasi, Giorgio Iaconetta, Luigi Califano
Maxillofacial fractures represent a serious public health problem. Their epidemiology is extremely variable and its analysis is crucial to establish effective treatment and prevention of these injuries. The aim of this multicentric retrospective study was to analyze causes, demographics, incidence, characteristics of 987 patients diagnosed with maxillofacial trauma between 2011 and 2015 at Complex Operative Unit of Maxillofacial Surgery of Federico II University of Naples and Magna Graecia University of Catanzaro, Italy; 657 male and 310 female patients were admitted in the study...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771600/is-italian-population-protected-from-poliovirus-results-of-a-seroprevalence-survey-in-florence-italy
#9
Giovanni M Giammanco, Angela Bechini, Noemi Urone, Floriana Bonura, Sara Li Muli, Simona De Grazia, Irene Bellini, Emilia Tiscione, Sara Boccalini, Antonino Nastasi
OBJECTIVES: Periodical assessments of population susceptibility to polioviruses (PV) is essential for evaluating population protection and planning appropriate vaccination strategies. The aim of the current work was to assess serological protective titers against all three polioviruses in the general population of Florence. METHODS: A convenience sample of 328 sera, collected in 2009 in Florence (Central Italy) was analyzed. Samples were considered protective if neutralizing antibodies were detected at dilutions ≥1:8, according to the WHO protocols...
May 17, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768302/pharmacogenomics-in-papua-new-guineans-unique-profiles-and-implications-for-enhancing-drug-efficacy-while-improving-drug-safety
#10
Joseph D Tucci, Paul P Pumuye, Nuala A Helsby, Daniel T Barratt, Percy P Pokeya, Francis Hombhanje, Andrew A Somogyi
Papua New Guinea (PNG) can be roughly divided into highland, coastal and island peoples with significant mitochondrial DNA differentiation reflecting early and recent distinct migrations from Africa and East Asia, respectively. Infectious diseases such as tuberculosis, malaria and HIV severely impact on the health of its peoples for which drug therapy is the major treatment and pharmacogenetics has clinical relevance for many of these drugs. Although there is generally little information about known single nucleotide polymorphisms in the population, in some instances, their frequencies have been shown to be higher than anywhere worldwide...
June 2018: Pharmacogenetics and Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767840/ethnicity-migration-status-and-dental-caries-experience-among-adults-in-east-london
#11
Elsa K Delgado-Angulo, Wagner Marcenes, Seeromanie Harding, Eduardo Bernabé
OBJECTIVE: To assess the interrelationship between ethnicity, migration status and dental caries experience among adults in East London. METHODS: We analysed data from 1910 adults (16-65 years) representing 9 ethnic groups, who took part in a community-based health survey in East London. Participants completed a supervised questionnaire and were clinically examined by trained dentists. Dental caries was assessed with the number of decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT)...
May 16, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767578/-death-is-difficult-in-any-language-a-qualitative-study-of-palliative-care-professionals-experiences-when-providing-end-of-life-care-to-patients-from-culturally-and-linguistically-diverse-backgrounds
#12
Anna Green, Natalia Jerzmanowska, Marguerite Green, Elizabeth A Lobb
BACKGROUND: Ethnic minority patients have unique challenges in accessing health services. These include language difficulties, unfamiliarity with the health system, lower rates of cancer screening and survival, higher rates of reported side effects from cancer treatment and poorer quality of life. Little is known about this patient group when transitioning to palliative care. AIM: To elicit the experiences of palliative care health professionals when providing care for patients from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds which differ from mainstream Australian language and culture...
May 1, 2018: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765562/a-myriad-of-roles-of-mir-25-in-health-and-disease
#13
REVIEW
Márta Sárközy, Zsuzsanna Kahán, Tamás Csont
Small non-coding RNAs including microRNAs (miRNAs) have been recently recognized as important regulators of gene expression. MicroRNAs play myriads of roles in physiological processes as well as in the pathogenesis of a number of diseases by translational repression or mRNA destabilization of numerous target genes. The miR-106b-25 cluster is highly conserved in vertebrates and consists of three members including miR-106b, miR-93 and miR-25. MiR-106b and miR-93 share the same seed sequences; however, miR-25 has only a similar seed sequence resulting in different predicted target mRNAs...
April 20, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760356/the-impact-of-parental-migration-on-injuries-among-left-behind-young-people-aged-10-years-to-24-years-in-botswana
#14
Lesego Selotlegeng
There has been little evidence of the relationship between children and absence of parents in Botswana literature; and it is still the case that absence of parents increases the risk of injuries to their children. The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of parental migration among left behind young people aged 10 years to 24 years in Botswana and examine patterns of injuries from immigrant families. This is a population-based crosssection from which a dataset was created by compiling data from two different sources for the period of 2010 to 2015...
2018: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759958/data-access-and-usage-practices-across-a-cohort-of-researchers-at-a-large-tertiary-pediatric-hospital-qualitative-survey-study
#15
Hoi Ki Kiki Ho, Matthias Görges, Elodie Portales-Casamar
BACKGROUND: Health and health-related data collected as part of clinical care is a foundational component of quality improvement and research. While the importance of these data is widely recognized, there are many challenges faced by researchers attempting to use such data. It is crucial to acknowledge and identify barriers to improve data sharing and access practices and ultimately optimize research capacity. OBJECTIVE: To better understand the current state, explore opportunities, and identify barriers, an environmental scan of investigators at BC Children's Hospital Research Institute (BCCHR) was conducted to elucidate current local practices around data access and usage...
May 14, 2018: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759423/hepatitis-c-prevalence-among-the-immigrant-population-in-spain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Jeffrey V Lazarus, Daniel J Bromberg, Julia Del Amo, Ole Norgaard, Javier García-Samaniego, Aina Casellas, José Luis Calleja, Ana Requena-Méndez
INTRODUCTION: Spain, which has one of the largest immigrant populations in Europe, has committed to eliminating the hepatitis C virus (HCV). The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of HCV among migrant groups in Spain, a country of 46 million people, with an estimated HCV-antibody prevalence of 1.7%. METHODS: Studies on HCV and migration in Spain were identified by systematically searching three databases from the first records to 30 November 2017, and consulting experts at the Ministry of Health and in the 17 Spanish autonomous communities...
May 11, 2018: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758283/tgf-%C3%AE-fibronectin-and-integrin-%C3%AE-5%C3%AE-1-promote-invasion-in-basal-cell-carcinoma
#17
François Kuonen, Isabelle Surbeck, Kavita Y Sarin, Monique Dontenwill, Curzio Ruegg, Michel Gilliet, Anthony E Oro, Olivier Gaide
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most frequent human cancer and is becoming an important health problem in an ageing population. Based on their clinical and histological characteristics, thick BCC are typically divided into low-risk nodular and high-risk infiltrative subtypes, although the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. We have identified molecular mechanisms that explain the aggressiveness of high-risk infiltrative BCC, with a potential direct clinical impact. In this study, we first show that fibroblasts, TGFβ and fibronectin are found preferentially in infiltrative human BCC...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756281/lightweight-highly-permeable-biocompatible-and-antiadhesive-composite-meshes-for-intraperitoneal-repairs
#18
Minhui Hu, Xidong Lin, Rongkang Huang, Keli Yang, Yeru Liang, Xingcai Zhang, Hui Wang, Dingcai Wu
Ventral hernia is a public health issue and millions of meshes are used to repair abdominal wall defects every year. Polypropylene-based composite meshes represent an important class of materials for intraperitoneal repair, but the meshes generally give rise to infection, seroma, migration, and adhesion, leading to severe consequence or even reoperation. Here, a facile and versatile one-way fabrication of lightweight, highly permeable, and biocompatible composite meshes with superior antiadhesion properties is proposed by modifying polypropylene meshes with well-defined polydopamine nanocoating...
May 14, 2018: Macromolecular Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755617/regulation-of-defensive-function-on-gingival-epithelial-cells-can-prevent-periodontal-disease
#19
REVIEW
Tsuyoshi Fujita, Tetsuya Yoshimoto, Mikihito Kajiya, Kazuhisa Ouhara, Shinji Matsuda, Tasuku Takemura, Keiichi Akutagawa, Katsuhiro Takeda, Noriyoshi Mizuno, Hidemi Kurihara
Periodontal disease is a bacterial biofilm-associated inflammatory disease that has been implicated in many systemic diseases. A new preventive method for periodontal disease needs to be developed in order to promote the health of the elderly in a super-aged society. The gingival epithelium plays an important role as a mechanical barrier against bacterial invasion and a part of the innate immune response to infectious inflammation in periodontal tissue. The disorganization of cell-cell interactions and subsequent inflammation contribute to the initiation of periodontal disease...
May 2018: Japanese Dental Science Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753356/measurement-equivalence-of-patient-reported-outcome-measure-response-scale-types-collected-using-bring-your-own-device-compared-to-paper-and-a-provisioned-device-results-of-a-randomized-equivalence-trial
#20
Bill Byrom, Helen Doll, Willie Muehlhausen, Emuella Flood, Cater Cassedy, Bryan McDowell, Jeremy Sohn, Kyle Hogan, Ryan Belmont, Barbara Skerritt, Marie McCarthy
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the measurement equivalence of individual response scale types by using a patient reported outcome measure (PROM) collected on paper and migrated into electronic format for use on the subject's own mobile device (BYOD) and on a provisioned device (site device). METHODS: Subjects suffering from chronic health conditions causing daily pain or discomfort were invited to participate in this single-site, single visit, three-way crossover study...
May 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
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