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Migration and health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919554/revisiting-the-wandering-womb-oxytocin-in-endometriosis-and-bipolar-disorder
#1
REVIEW
Natalie L Dinsdale, Bernard J Crespi
Hippocrates attributed women's high emotionality - hysteria - to a 'wandering womb'. Although hysteria diagnoses were abandoned along with the notion that displaced wombs cause emotional disturbance, recent research suggests that elevated levels of oxytocin occur in both bipolar disorder and endometriosis, a gynecological condition involving migration of endometrial tissue beyond the uterus. We propose and evaluate the hypothesis that elevated oxytocinergic system activity jointly contributes to bipolar disorder and endometriosis...
September 14, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918700/dementia-and-migration-family-care-patterns-merging-with-public-care-services
#2
Mette Sagbakken, Ragnhild Storstein Spilker, Reidun Ingebretsen
This article focuses on cognitive impairment and dementia in the context of transnational migration. Based on data from focus group discussions and interviews, we conclude that to adjust to the needs of care within ethnic-minority communities, it is important to consider not only the availability of household and kin members but also the present understanding of obligation and reciprocity underlying the perception of care. Another important issue to realize is that caregivers, women in particular, might feel obliged to conform to a traditional caregiver role, but without the support from a wider extended family, and in the context of other pressing roles and duties...
September 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916860/the-effect-of-migration-on-social-capital-and-depression-among-older-adults-in-china
#3
Qiuju Li, Xudong Zhou, Sha Ma, Minmin Jiang, Lu Li
PURPOSE: An estimated 9 million elderly people accompanied their adult children to urban areas in China, raising concerns about their social capital and mental health following re-location. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of migration on social capital and depression among this population. METHODS: Multistage stratified cluster sampling was applied to recruit the migrant and urban elderly in Hangzhou from May to August, 2013. Data were collected from face-to-face interviews by trained college students using a standardized questionnaire...
September 15, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915454/assessing-the-potential-contributions-of-additional-retention-processes-to-pfas-retardation-in-the-subsurface
#4
Mark L Brusseau
A comprehensive understanding of the transport and fate of per- and poly-fluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in the subsurface is critical for accurate risk assessments and design of effective remedial actions. A multi-process retention model is proposed to account for potential additional sources of retardation for PFAS transport in source zones. These include partitioning to the soil atmosphere, adsorption at air-water interfaces, partitioning to trapped organic liquids (NAPL), and adsorption at NAPL-water interfaces...
September 12, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915430/care-interrupted-poverty-in-migration-and-primary-care-in-rural-resource-towns
#5
Kathleen Rice, Fiona Webster
Internationally, rural people have poorer health outcomes relative to their urban counterparts, and primary care providers face particular challenges in rural and remote regions. Drawing on ethnographic fieldnotes and 14 open-ended qualitative interviews with care providers and chronic pain patients in two remote resource communities in Northern Ontario, Canada, this article examines the challenges involved in providing and receiving primary care for complex chronic conditions in these communities. Both towns struggle with high unemployment in the aftermath of industry closure, and are characterized by an abundance of affordable housing...
September 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912969/migration-related-stressors-and-their-effect-on-the-severity-level-and-symptom-pattern-of-depression-among-vietnamese-in-germany
#6
Simon Wolf, Eric Hahn, Michael Dettling, Main Huong Nguyen, Katja Wingenfeld, Markus Stingl, Bernd Hanewald, Thi Minh Tam Ta
OBJECTIVES: Vietnamese in Germany represent a scarcely researched and vulnerable group for mental health problems, especially under exposure to migration-related stressors (MRS). This study analyzes the effect of those MRS on the severity level and symptom pattern of depression. DESIGN: We analyzed the data of 137 depressed Vietnamese patients utilizing Germany's first Vietnamese psychiatric outpatient clinic. Hierarchical linear regression models were applied to investigate how the quantity of MRS influenced (1) the overall severity of self-reported depression symptoms; (2) the cognitive, affective, and somatic BDI-II subscale; and (3) the single BDI-II items of these subscales...
2017: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911658/identification-of-an-exposure-risk-to-heavy-metals-from-pharmaceutical-grade-rubber-stoppers
#7
Xianghui Li, Pingping Qian
Exposure to low concentrations of heavy metals and metalloids represents a well-documented risk to animal and human health. However, current standards (European Pharmacopeia [EP], United States Pharmacopoeia [USP], International Organization for Standardization [ISO], YBB concerned with rubber closures) only require testing for Zn in pharmaceutical-grade rubber stoppers and then using only pure water as a solvent. We extracted and quantified heavy metals and trace elements from pharmaceutical-grade rubber stoppers under conditions that might occur during the preparation of drugs...
July 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911349/tuberculosis-human-rights-and-ethics-considerations-along-the-route-of-a-highly-vulnerable-migrant-from-sub-saharan-africa-to-europe
#8
V Wild, D Jaff, N S Shah, M Frick
Migrant health is a critical public health issue, and in many countries attention to this topic has focused on the link between migration and communicable diseases, including tuberculosis (TB). When creating public health policies to address the complex challenges posed by TB and migration, countries should focus these policies on evidence, ethics, and human rights. This paper traces a commonly used migration route from sub-Saharan Africa to Europe, identifying situations at each stage in which human rights and ethical values might be affected in relation to TB care...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906167/-it-s-totally-destroyed-our-life-exploring-the-pathways-and-mechanisms-between-precarious-employment-and-health-and-well-being-among-immigrant-men-and-women-in-toronto
#9
Stephanie Premji
Precarious employment is rapidly growing, but qualitative data on pathways to and mechanisms for health and well-being is lacking. This article describes the cumulative and intersecting micro-level pathways and mechanisms between precarious employment and health among immigrant men and women in Toronto. It draws on semi-structured interviews conducted in 2014 with 15 women and 12 men from 11 countries of origin. The article describes how precarious employment, conceptualized by workers as encompassing powerlessness, economic insecurity, work for multiple employers, nonstandard and unpredictable schedules, hazardous working conditions, and lack of benefits and protections, negatively impacts workers' physical and mental health as well as that of their spouses or partners and children...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905684/distinctive-role-of-income-in-the-all-cause-mortality-among-working-age-migrants-and-the-settled-population-in-finland-a-follow-up-study-from-2001-to-2014
#10
Kishan Patel, Anne Kouvonen, Aki Koskinen, Lauri Kokkinen, Michael Donnelly, Dermot O'Reilly, Ari Vaananen
BACKGROUND: Although income level may play a significant part in mortality among migrants, previous research has not focused on the relationship between income, migration and mortality risk. The aim of this register study was to compare all-cause mortality by income level between different migrant groups and the majority settled population of Finland. METHODS: A random sample was drawn of 1,058,391 working age people (age range 18-64 years; 50.4% men) living in Finland in 2000 and linked to mortality data from 2001 to 2014...
September 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901751/sulfate-aerosols-promote-lung-cancer-metastasis-by-epigenetically-regulating-the-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-emt
#11
Yang Yun, Rui Gao, Huifeng Yue, Lin Guo, Guangke Li, Nan Sang
Secondary inorganic aerosols (SIA), particularly sulfate aerosols, are central particulate matter (PM) constituents of severe haze formation in China and exert profound impacts on human health; however, our understanding of the mechanisms by which sulfate aerosols cause malignancy in lung carcinogenesis remains incomplete. Here, we show that exposure to secondary inorganic aerosols induced the invasion and migration of lung epithelial cells, and that (NH4)2SO4 exerted the most serious effects in vitro and promoted lung tumor metastasis in vivo...
September 13, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899871/migration-experiences-and-reported-sexual-behavior-among-young-unmarried-female-migrants-in-changzhou-china
#12
Zhanhong Zong, Wenjian Yang, Xiaoming Sun, Jingshu Mao, Xingyu Shu, Norman Hearst
BACKGROUND: China has a large migrant population, including many young unmarried women. Little is known about their sexual behavior, contraceptive use, and risk of unintended pregnancy. METHODS: 475 unmarried female migrants aged 15-24, working in 1 of 6 factories in 2 districts of Changzhou city, completed an anonymous self-administered questionnaire in May 2012 on demographic characteristics, work and living situation, and health. We examined demographic and migration experience predictors of sexual and contraceptive behavior using bivariate and multivariate regressions...
September 12, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899374/determinants-of-internal-migrant-health-and-the-healthy-migrant-effect-in-south-india-a-mixed-methods-study
#13
Warren Dodd, Sally Humphries, Kirit Patel, Shannon Majowicz, Matthew Little, Cate Dewey
BACKGROUND: Internal labour migration is an important and necessary livelihood strategy for millions of individuals and households in India. However, the precarious position of migrant workers within Indian society may have consequences for the health of these individuals. Previous research on the connections between health and labour mobility within India have primarily focused on the negative health outcomes associated with this practice. Thus, there is a need to better identify the determinants of internal migrant health and how these determinants shape migrant health outcomes...
September 12, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893723/scientific-challenges-in-the-risk-assessment-of-food-contact-materials
#14
Jane Muncke, Thomas Backhaus, Birgit Geueke, Maricel V Maffini, Olwenn Viviane Martin, John Peterson Myers, Ana M Soto, Leonardo Trasande, Xenia Trier, Martin Scheringer
BACKGROUND: Food contact articles (FCAs) are manufactured from food contact materials (FCMs) that include plastics, paper, metal, glass, and printing inks. Chemicals can migrate from FCAs into food during storage, processing, and transportation. Food contact materials' safety is evaluated using chemical risk assessment (RA). Several challenges to the RA of FCAs exist. OBJECTIVES: We review regulatory requirements for RA of FCMs in the United States and Europe, identify gaps in RA, and highlight opportunities for improving the protection of public health...
September 11, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892746/urban-social-exclusion-and-mental-health-of-china-s-rural-urban-migrants-a-review-and-call-for-research
#15
REVIEW
Jie Li, Nikolas Rose
China's internal rural-urban migrants experience social exclusion that may have significant mental health implications. This has historically been exacerbated by the hukou system. Echoing recent calls for interdisciplinary research on the interdependencies of urbanization and mental health, this review examines evidence of rural-urban migrants' mental health status in comparison with nonmigrants and its association with various dimensions of social exclusion. We found conflicting evidence on the mental health status of migrants in comparison with nonmigrants, but strong evidence that social exclusion is negatively associated with migrants' mental health: limited access to full labour rights and experience of social stigma, discrimination and inequity were the most significant factors...
September 8, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888719/insulin-complexed-with-cyclodextrins-stimulates-epithelialization-and-neovascularization-of-skin-wound-healing-in-rats
#16
Jean Carlos Fernando Besson, Luzmarina Hernandes, Jéssica Men de Campos, Karina Amélia Morikawa, Ciomar Aparecida Bersani-Amado, Graciette Matioli
INTRODUCTION: Skin lesions are a significant public health problem, above all that wounds fail to heal properly and become chronic. Due to its reepithelization action, insulin has the potential to heal skin lesions, by stimulating the proliferation and migration of keratinocytes, angiogenic stimulus, and increasing collagen deposition. In the present study insulin was complexed with 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD) and its wound healing effect and inclusion complex (HPβCD-I) were evaluated in excisional wounds in the skin of rats...
August 25, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886440/pills-in-paradise-exploring-international-lifestyle-and-retirement-migrants-perceptions-of-the-pharmaceutical-sector-on-cozumel-island-mexico
#17
Leon Hoffman, Valorie A Crooks, Jeremy Snyder
International lifestyle and retirement migration is a growing phenomenon, yet little is known about migrants' experiences of health care in destination countries. This includes use of and access to pharmaceutical selling establishments. This article explores international lifestyle and retirement migrants' experiences and perceptions of the local pharmaceutical sector on Cozumel Island, Mexico. Qualitative data, collected through semi-structured interviews (n = 26), finds that participants are concerned with accessibility, quality and communication within the island's pharmaceutical sector...
September 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880958/think-globally-act-locally-phylodynamic-reconstruction-of-infectious-bronchitis-virus-ibv-qx-genotype-gi-19-lineage-reveals-different-population-dynamics-and-spreading-patterns-when-evaluated-on-different-epidemiological-scales
#18
Giovanni Franzo, Paola Massi, Claudia Maria Tucciarone, Ilaria Barbieri, Giovanni Tosi, Laura Fiorentini, Massimo Ciccozzi, Antonio Lavazza, Mattia Cecchinato, Ana Moreno
Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) represents one of the poultry industry major threats, particularly in high density producing countries. The emergence and spread of new IBV genotypes have frustrated the various disease control efforts implemented over time. Despite that, few comprehensive and large scale studies have been performed to understand the international and local spreading dynamics of this virus. In the present work, these phenomena were evaluated by implementing a Bayesian phylodynamic approach to reconstruct the epidemiological patterns and population history of the QX genotype (currently renamed GI-19 lineage), the most relevant IBV lineage of the Old-World...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880944/spatiotemporal-and-molecular-epidemiology-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-libya
#19
Ahmad Amro, Hamida Al-Dwibe, Aisha Gashout, Olga Moskalenko, Marlena Galafin, Omar Hamarsheh, Marcus Frohme, Anja Jaeschke, Gabriele Schönian, Katrin Kuhls
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a major public health problem in Libya. In this paper, we describe the eco-epidemiological parameters of CL during the armed conflict period from January 2011 till December 2012. Current spatiotemporal distributions of CL cases were explored and projected to the future using a correlative modelling approach. In addition the present results were compared with our previous data obtained for the time period 1995-2008. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We investigated 312 CL patients who presented to the Dermatology Department at the Tripoli Central Hospital and came from 81 endemic areas distributed in 10 districts...
September 7, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877209/unmet-healthcare-needs-in-homeless-women-with-children-in-the-greater-paris-area-in-france
#20
Cécile Vuillermoz, Stéphanie Vandentorren, Ruben Brondeel, Pierre Chauvin
BACKGROUND: Despite their poor health status, homeless women encounter many barriers to care. The objectives of our study were to estimate the prevalence of unmet healthcare needs in homeless women and to analyse associated relationships with the following factors: financial and spatial access to care, housing history, migration status, healthcare utilisation, victimization history, caring for children, social network and self-perceived health status. METHODS: We used data from 656 homeless women interviewed during the ENFAMS representative survey of sheltered homeless families, conducted in the Paris region in 2013...
2017: PloS One
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