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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820231/interventions-for-treating-persistent-pain-in-survivors-of-torture
#1
REVIEW
Emma Baird, Amanda C de C Williams, Leslie Hearn, Kirstine Amris
BACKGROUND: Persistent (chronic) pain is a frequent complaint in survivors of torture, particularly but not exclusively pain in the musculoskeletal system. Torture survivors may have no access to health care; where they do, they may not be recognised when they present, and the care available often falls short of their needs. There is a tendency in state and non-governmental organisations' services to focus on mental health, with poor understanding of persistent pain, while survivors may have many other legal, welfare, and social problems that take precedence over health care...
August 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815876/a-treatment-development-study-of-a-cognitive-and-mindfulness-based-therapy-for-adolescents-with-co-occurring-post-traumatic-stress-and-substance-use-disorder
#2
Lisa R Fortuna, Michelle V Porche, Auralyd Padilla
OBJECTIVE: Substance use is common among adolescents with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We aimed to develop and study an integrated treatment for adolescents with co-occurring disorders. DESIGN: This is a therapy development and open pilot trial study of a manualized therapy for adolescents with post-traumatic stress, depression, and substance use that uses a combination of cognitive therapy (CT) and mindfulness. METHODS: Descriptive statistics and paired sample t-tests were calculated to assess for changes in PTSD symptoms, depression, and substance use frequency from baseline to end of treatment using standardized measures and validated by urine drug screens...
August 16, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801071/comparison-of-two-lumbar-manual-therapies-on-temporal-summation-of-pain-in-healthy-volunteers
#3
Charles W Penza, Maggie E Horn, Steven Z George, Mark D Bishop
The purpose of this study was to compare the immediate change in temporal summation of heat pain (TSP) between spinal manipulation (SMT) and spinal mobilization (MOB) in healthy volunteers. Ninety-two volunteers (24 males; 23.8 ± 5.3 years) were randomized to receive SMT, MOB or no treatment (REST) for one session. Primary outcomes were changes in TSP, measured at the hand and foot, immediately following the session. A planned subgroup analysis investigated effects across empirically derived TSP clusters. PRIMARY OUTCOME: There were no differences in the immediate change in TSP measured at the foot between SMT and MOB, however both treatments were superior to the REST condition...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799492/potentials-and-limits-of-physiotherapy-in-osteoarthritis
#4
Katrin Richter, Ulf Müller-Ladner, Gabnel Dischereit, Uwe Lange
In view of the already existing and the expected growing costs due to the pathological osteoarthritic joint alterations and the related consequences, preventive and conservative strategies which can avoid or delay osteoarthritic joint alterations are welcomed from a socio-economical perspective. Here, it should be mentioned that corresponding primary prevention measures should take place early by already educating children about a healthy diet and motivating them to regular physical exercise. In overt or symptomatic osteoarthritis a good joint function and reduction of disease-related pain as well as a delay in the progression of osteoarthritis should be the primary goals of non-surgical therapeutic approaches...
August 10, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780211/the-use-of-osteopathic-manual-therapy-and-rehabilitation-for-subacromial-impingement-syndrome-a-case-report
#5
Sam Bennett, Chris Macfarlane, Brett Vaughan
Rotator cuff dysfunction is common in athletes involved with overhead sports. Secondary subacromial impingement is a common cause of pain for patients with rotator cuff dysfunction. Exercise rehabilitation and manual therapy can be used in the treatment of subacromial impingement to decrease pain, increase functionality and support a return to activity. The current case report describes a 24-year-old patient with supraspinatus tendinosis and secondary subacromial impingement who was experiencing pain when playing tennis, and during daily activities involving overhead movements...
July 11, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768114/essential-literature-for-the-chiropractic-profession-results-and-implementation-challenges-from-a-survey-of-international-chiropractic-faculty
#6
Barbara A Mansholt, Stacie A Salsbury, Lance G Corber, John S Stites
OBJECTIVE: Scientific literature applicable to chiropractic practice proliferates in quantity, quality, and source. Chiropractic is a worldwide profession and varies in scope between states or provinces and from country to country. It is logical to consider that the focus and emphasis of chiropractic education varies between programs as well. This original research study endeavored to determine "essential literature" recommended by chiropractic faculty. The purpose of this article is (1) to share our results and (2) to promote discussion and explore means for future collaboration of chiropractic faculty through a worldwide platform...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761372/application-of-advanced-biomechanical-methods-in-studying-low-back-pain-recent-development-in-estimation-of-lower-back-loads-and-large-array-surface-electromyography-and-findings
#7
REVIEW
Babak Bazrgari, Ting Xia
Low back pain (LBP) is a major public health problem and the leading disabling musculoskeletal disorder globally. A number of biomechanical methods using kinematic, kinetic and/or neuromuscular approaches have been used to study LBP. In this narrative review, we report recent developments in two biomechanical methods: estimation of lower back loads and large-array surface electromyography (LA-SEMG) and the findings associated with LBP. The ability to estimate lower back loads is very important for the prevention and the management of work-related low back injuries based on the mechanical loading model as one category of LBP classification...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760094/august-2017-letters-to-the-editor-in-chief
#8
(no author information available yet)
Letter to the Editor-in-Chief of JOSPT as follows: "Manual Therapy: More Than Elaborate Swordplay" with Authors' Response "Comparing Dry Needling to Corticosteroid Injection for Greater Trochanteric Pain Syndrome" with Authors' Response J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2017;47(8):580-585. doi:10.2519/jospt.2017.0204.
August 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750984/a-commentary-review-of-the-cost-effectiveness-of-manual-therapies-for-neck-and-low-back-pain
#9
REVIEW
Brent Harper, Kristen Jagger, Adrian Aron, Larry Steinbeck, Antonio Stecco
BACKGROUND & PURPOSE: Neck and low back pain (NLBP) are global health problems, which diminish quality of life and consume vast economic resources. Cost effectiveness in healthcare is the minimal amount spent to obtain acceptable outcomes. Studies on manual therapies often fail to identify which manual therapy intervention or combinations with other interventions is the most cost effective. The purpose of this commentary is to sample the dialogue within the literature on the cost effectiveness of evidence-based manual therapies with a particular focus on the neck and low back regions...
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750955/acute-electromyographic-responses-of-deep-thoracic-paraspinal-muscles-to-spinal-manual-therapy-interventions-an-experimental-randomized-cross-over-study
#10
Gary Fryer, Michael Bird, Barry Robbins, Jane C Johnson
This single group, randomized, cross-over study explored whether manual therapy alters motor tone of deep thoracic back muscles by examining resting electromyographic activity (EMG) after 2 types of manual therapy and a sham control intervention. Twenty-two participants with thoracic spinal pain (15 females, 7 males, mean age 28.1 ± 6.4 years) had dual fine-wire, intramuscular electrodes inserted into deep transversospinalis muscles at a thoracic level where tissues appeared abnormal to palpation (AbP) and at 2 sites above and below normal and non-tender to palpation (NT)...
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750310/manual-therapy-exercise-therapy-or-combined-treatment-in-the-management-of-adult-neck-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Ken Fredin, Håvard Lorås
BACKGROUND: Neck pain is a common and often disabling musculoskeletal condition. Two therapies frequently prescribed for its management are manual therapy (MT) and exercise therapy (ET), and combining these treatment approaches are common. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether or not combined treatment consisting of MT and ET is more effective than either therapy alone in relieving pain and improving function in adult patients with grade I-II neck pain. DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis...
July 21, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738895/chiropractic-spinal-manipulative-therapy-for-cervicogenic-headache-a-single-blinded-placebo-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Aleksander Chaibi, Heidi Knackstedt, Peter J Tuchin, Michael Bjørn Russell
OBJECTIVE: Cervicogenic headache is a disabling headache where pharmacological management have limited effect. Thus, non-pharmacological management is warranted. Our objective was therefore to investigate the efficacy of chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy versus placebo (sham manipulation) and control (continued usual but non-manual management) for cervicogenic headache in a prospective 3-armed single-blinded, placebo, randomized controlled trial of 17 months' duration. RESULTS: Nineteen participants were equally randomized into the three groups, and 12 participants completed the randomized controlled trial...
July 24, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737616/the-role-of-therapeutic-modalities-in-surgical-and-nonsurgical-management-of-orthopaedic-injuries
#13
Catherine A Logan, Peter D Asnis, Matthew T Provencher
Rehabilitation professionals often use therapeutic modalities as a component of the surgical and nonsurgical management of orthopaedic injuries. Myriad therapeutic modalities, including cryotherapy, thermotherapy, ultrasonography, electrical stimulation, iontophoresis, and laser therapy, are available. Knowledge of the scientific basis of each modality and the principles of implementation for specific injuries enables musculoskeletal treatment providers to prescribe these modalities effectively. The selection of specific therapeutic modalities is based on their efficacy during a particular phase of rehabilitation...
August 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731832/effects-of-cervical-high-velocity-low-amplitude-techniques-on-range-of-motion-strength-performance-and-cardiovascular-outcomes-a-review
#14
Xabier Galindez-Ibarbengoetxea, Igor Setuain, Lars L Andersen, Robinson Ramírez-Velez, Miriam González-Izal, Andoni Jauregi, Mikel Izquierdo
BACKGROUND: Cervical high-velocity low-amplitude (HVLA) manipulation technique is among the oldest and most frequently used chiropractic manual therapy, but the physiologic and biomechanics effects were not completely clear. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to describe the effects of cervical HVLA manipulation techniques on range of motion, strength, and cardiovascular performance. METHODS/DESIGN: A systematic search was conducted of the electronic databases from January 2000 to August 2016: PubMed (n = 131), ScienceDirect (n = 101), Scopus (n = 991), PEDro (n = 33), CINAHL (n = 884), and SciELO (n = 5)...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729900/unravelling-functional-neurology-a-scoping-review-of-theories-and-clinical-applications-in-a-context-of-chiropractic-manual-therapy
#15
REVIEW
Anne-Laure Meyer, Amanda Meyer, Sarah Etherington, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Functional Neurology (FN), a seemingly attractive treatment approach used by some chiropractors, proposes to have an effect on a multitude of conditions but some of its concepts are controversial. OBJECTIVES AND DESIGN: A scoping review was performed to describe, in the context of chiropractic manual therapy, 1) the FN theories, and 2) its clinical applications (i.e. its indications, examination procedures, treatment modalities, treatment plans, and clinical outcomes) using four sources: i) one key textbook, ii) the scientific peer-reviewed literature, iii) websites from chiropractors using FN, and iv) semi-structured interviews of chiropractors using FN...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727924/does-early-change-predict-long-term-6-months-improvements-in-subjects-who-receive-manual-therapy-for-low-back-pain
#16
Chad Cook, Shannon Petersen, Megan Donaldson, Mark Wilhelm, Ken Learman
Early change is commonly assessed for manual therapy interventions and has been used to determine treatment appropriateness. However, current studies have only explored the relationship of between or within-session changes and short-/medium-term outcomes. The goal of this study was to determine whether pain changes after two weeks of pragmatic manual therapy could predict those participants with chronic low back pain who demonstrate continued improvements at 6-month follow-up. This study was a retrospective observational design...
July 20, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715273/physiological-effects-of-physical-therapy-interventions-on-lumbar-intervertebral-discs-a-systematic-review
#17
Ulrike H Mitchell, Kevin Helgeson, Paul Mintken
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The use of physical therapy has been recommended in the treatment of low back pain based on primarily mechanical and neurophysiological effects. Recent studies have measured the physiological effects of physical therapy interventions, including manual therapy and traction, on the intervertebral discs (IVD), and these findings may have implications for the long-term management or even prevention of low back pain. PURPOSE: The objective of this systematic review is to investigate the literature regarding possible physiological effects of physical therapy interventions on the intervertebral disc (IVD)...
July 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713807/the-development-of-a-postgraduate-orthopaedic-manual-therapy-residency-program-in-nairobi-kenya
#18
Shala Cunningham, Richard Jackson, Daniel Kangutu Muli, Joni McFelea
INTRODUCTION: There are very few opportunities for long-term, comprehensive postgraduate education in developing countries because of fiscal and human resource constraints. Therefore, physiotherapists have little opportunity following graduation to advance their skills through the improvement of clinical reasoning and treatment planning and application. BACKGROUND: To address the need for sustainable advanced instruction in physiotherapy within the country, a postgraduate Residency program was initiated in Nairobi, Kenya in 2012...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713084/evalution-of-the-effectiveness-of-multimodal-approach-to-the-management-of-cervical-vertigo
#19
Olexandr A Jaroshevskyi, Oleksandr S Payenok, Anna V Logvinenko
INTRODUCTION: Vertigo is one of the most common complaints among patients consulting neurologists and general practitioners - family medicine. A special form of dizziness is cervical vertigo. However, the presence of chronic vertigo and imbalance in this group of patients makes it possible to include the treatment of vestibular rehabilitation in the program. AIM: Evalution of the effectiveness of multimodal approach to the management of cervical vertigo. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 109 patients aged from 18 to 45 with vertigo together with myofascial pain syndrome of neck and shoulder area were examined...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712922/utilization-of-manipulative-treatment-for-spine-and-shoulder-conditions-between-different-medical-providers-in-a-large-military-hospital
#20
Daniel Rhon, Tina Greenleee, Julie Fritz
OBJECTIVE: Describe the use of manipulative treatment for shoulder and spine conditions between various provider types. DESIGN: Retrospective observational cohort SETTING: Single military hospital PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive sample of 7,566 patients seeking care for an initial spine or shoulder condition from 1 January to 31 December 2009. INTERVENTIONS: Manipulative treatment (e.g. manual therapy, spinal and joint manipulation, etc). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Manipulation treatment was identified with procedure billing codes in medical records...
July 13, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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