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"Spinal Manipulation"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442177/spinal-manipulation-is-beneficial-for-nonchronic-low-back-pain
#1
Marc A Bronson, Dean L Smith, Peter Tuchin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 22, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430671/elevated-production-of-nociceptive-cc-chemokines-and-se-selectin-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-and-the-effects-of-spinal-manipulation-a-non-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Julita A Teodorczyk-Injeyan, Marion McGregor, John J Triano, H Stephen Injeyan
BACKGROUND: The involvement of inflammatory components in the pathophysiology of low back pain is poorly understood. It has been suggested that spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) may exert anti-inflammatory effects. PURPOSE: To determine the involvement of inflammation-associated chemokines (CC series) in the pathogenesis of non-specific low back pain and to evaluate the effect of SMT on that process. METHODS: Patients presenting with non-radicular, non-specific low back pain (minimum pain score 3 on 10 point visual analogue scale, VAS) were recruited according to stringent inclusion criteria...
April 19, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412987/back-pain-in-the-emergency-department-pathological-fracture-following-spinal-manipulation
#3
Christopher Skappak, Erik J Saude
Back pain is one of the most common presentations to the emergency department. Though case reports of patients presenting with increased back pain following chiropractic spinal manipulations are rare, we have identified a case rarely reported in the literature where a potential injury from chiropractic manipulation resulted in a diagnosis of multiple myeloma. We have reported a previously healthy 66-year-old male who presented with persistent lower back pain over 4 weeks. An initial evaluation with thoracolumbar radiographs revealed no significant findings...
April 17, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404706/spinal-manipulative-therapy-for-low-back-pain
#4
Megan A Manning, G Michael Allan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404546/spinal-manipulation-produces-modest-improvements-in-acute-low-back-pain
#5
Jacqui Wise
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399479/changes-in-biochemical-markers-following-spinal-manipulation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Kesava Kovanur-Sampath, Ramakrishnan Mani, Jim Cotter, Angela Spontelli Gisselman, Steve Tumilty
The aim of this meta-analysis was to determine the effectiveness of spinal manipulation in influencing various biochemical markers in healthy and or symptomatic population. Electronic databases (n = 10) were searched (from inception till September 2016) and eight trials (325 participants) that met the inclusion criteria were included in the meta-analysis. Two authors independently extracted and assessed the risk of bias in included studies. Standardised mean differences for outcome measures were used to calculate effect sizes...
April 5, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399251/association-of-spinal-manipulative-therapy-with-clinical-benefit-and-harm-for-acute-low-back-pain-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Neil M Paige, Isomi M Miake-Lye, Marika Suttorp Booth, Jessica M Beroes, Aram S Mardian, Paul Dougherty, Richard Branson, Baron Tang, Sally C Morton, Paul G Shekelle
Importance: Acute low back pain is common and spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) is a treatment option. Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and meta-analyses have reported different conclusions about the effectiveness of SMT. Objective: To systematically review studies of the effectiveness and harms of SMT for acute (≤6 weeks) low back pain. Data Sources: Search of MEDLINE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, EMBASE, and Current Nursing and Allied Health Literature from January 1, 2011, through February 6, 2017, as well as identified systematic reviews and RCTs, for RCTs of adults with low back pain treated in ambulatory settings with SMT compared with sham or alternative treatments, and that measured pain or function outcomes for up to 6 weeks...
April 11, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399236/the-role-of-spinal-manipulation-in-the-treatment-of-low-back-pain
#8
EDITORIAL
Richard A Deyo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340595/the-risk-associated-with-spinal-manipulation-an-overview-of-reviews
#9
Sabrina Mai Nielsen, Simon Tarp, Robin Christensen, Henning Bliddal, Louise Klokker, Marius Henriksen
BACKGROUND: Spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) is a widely used manual treatment, but many reviews exist with conflicting conclusions about the safety of SMT. We performed an overview of reviews to elucidate and quantify the risk of serious adverse events (SAEs) associated with SMT. METHODS: We searched five electronic databases from inception to December 8, 2015. We included reviews on any type of studies, patients, and SMT technique. Our primary outcome was SAEs...
March 24, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324697/adverse-events-in-a-chiropractic-spinal-manipulative-therapy-single-blinded-placebo-randomized-controlled-trial-for-migraineurs
#10
Aleksander Chaibi, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth, Peter J Tuchin, Michael Bjørn Russell
BACKGROUND: Unlike pharmacological randomized controlled trials (RCTs), manual-therapy RCTs do not always report adverse events (AEs). The few manual-therapy RCTs that provide information on AEs are frequently without details, such as the type and-, severity of the AE and reason for withdrawal. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively report all AEs in a chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy (CSMT) RCT. DESIGN: A prospective 3-armed, single-blinded, placebo, RCT...
March 14, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292267/assignment-of-adverse-event-indexing-terms-in-randomized-clinical-trials-involving-spinal-manipulative-therapy-an-audit-of-records-in-medline-and-embase-databases
#11
Lindsay M Gorrell, Roger M Engel, Reidar P Lystad, Benjamin T Brown
BACKGROUND: Reporting of adverse events in randomized clinical trials (RCTs) is encouraged by the authors of The Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement. With robust methodological design and adequate reporting, RCTs have the potential to provide useful evidence on the incidence of adverse events associated with spinal manipulative therapy (SMT). During a previous investigation, it became apparent that comprehensive search strategies combining text words with indexing terms was not sufficiently sensitive for retrieving records that were known to contain reports on adverse events...
March 14, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288900/the-mechanism-of-back-pain-relief-by-spinal-manipulation-relies-on-decreased-temporal-summation-of-pain
#12
Christopher Randoll, Vincent Gagnon-Normandin, Jessica Tessier, Suzie Bois, Nabi Rustamov, Julie O'Shaughnessy, Martin Descarreaux, Mathieu Piché
The aim of the present study was to determine whether thoracic spinal manipulation (SM) decreases temporal summation of back pain. The study comprised two controlled experiments including 16 and 15 healthy participants, respectively. Each study included six sessions during which painful or non-painful electrical stimulations were delivered in three conditions: (1) control (2) light mechanical stimulus (MS) or (3) SM. Electrical stimulation was applied on the thoracic spine (T4), in the area where SM and MS were performed...
March 11, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274487/manipulation-peak-forces-across-spinal-regions-for-children-using-mannequin-simulators
#13
John J Triano, Steven Lester, David Starmer, Elise G Hewitt
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this work was to create an exploratory database of manipulation treatment force variability as a function of the intent of an experienced clinician sub-specializing in the care of children to match treatment to childhood category. Data of this type are necessary for realistic planning of dose-response and safety studies on therapeutic benefit. METHODS: The project evaluated the transmitted peak forces of procedures applied to mannequins of different stature for younger and older children...
March 5, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268027/a-feasibility-study-to-assess-vibration-and-sound-from-zygapophyseal-joints-during-motion-before-and-after-spinal-manipulation
#14
Gregory D Cramer, Matthew Budavich, Preetam Bora, Kim Ross
OBJECTIVE: This feasibility study used novel accelerometry (vibration) and microphone (sound) methods to assess crepitus originating from the lumbar spine before and after side-posture spinal manipulative therapy (SMT). METHODS: This study included 5 healthy and 5 low back pain (LBP) participants. Nine accelerometers and 1 specialized directional microphone were applied to the lumbar region, allowing assessment of crepitus. Each participant underwent full lumbar ranges of motion (ROM), bilateral lumbar SMT, and repeated full ROM...
March 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259496/integrative-acupuncture-and-spinal-manipulative-therapy-versus-either-alone-for-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial-feasibility-study
#15
Anupama Kizhakkeveettil, Kevin A Rose, Gena E Kadar, Eric L Hurwitz
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of conducting a large-scale randomized controlled trial (RCT) examining whether an integrative care model combining spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) and acupuncture can lead to better outcomes for low back pain (LBP) than either therapy alone. METHODS: This study was conducted at a complementary and alternative medicine university health center. Participants with acute or chronic LBP were randomized to (1) acupuncture, (2) SMT, or (3) integrative acupuncture and SMT groups...
March 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228696/combining-spinal-manipulation-with-standard-counseling-for-tobacco-cessation-results-of-a-feasibility-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Kevin A Rose, Anupama Kizhakkeveettil, Gena E Kadar, Mark Losack
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility of a randomized clinical trial on the effectiveness of combining spinal manipulation (SM) with standard tobacco cessation counseling. METHODS: A randomized clinical trial was conducted. Participants in the intervention group received 2 months of counseling plus SM delivered by doctors of chiropractic, whereas control group participants received counseling alone. Primary outcome measures were smoking decreases and 7-day smoking abstinence as measured by a tobacco diary and urinary cotinine...
March 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215058/effect-of-cervical-versus-thoracic-spinal-manipulation-on-peripheral-neural-features-and-grip-strength-in-subjects-with-chronic-mechanical-neck-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Francisco Bautista-Aguirre, Ángel Oliva-Pascual-Vaca, Alberto M Heredia-Rizo, Juan J Boscá-Gandía, François Ricard, Cleofás Rodriguez-Blanco
BACKGROUND: Cervical and thoracic spinal manipulative therapy has shown positive impact for relief of pain and improve function in non-specific mechanical neck pain. Several attempts have been made to compare their effectiveness although previous studies lacked a control group, assessed acute neck pain or combined thrust and nonthrust techniques. AIM: To compare the immediate effects of cervical and thoracic spinal thrust manipulations on mechanosensitivity of upper limb nerve trunks and grip strength in patients with chronic non-specific mechanical neck pain...
February 17, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196632/procedure-selection-and-patient-positioning-influence-spine-kinematics-during-high-velocity-low-amplitude-spinal-manipulation-applied-to-the-low-back
#18
Spencer Bell, Kevin D'Angelo, Gregory N Kawchuk, John J Triano, Samuel J Howarth
OBJECTIVES: This investigation compared indirect 3-dimensional angular kinematics (position, velocity, and acceleration) of the lumbar spine for 2 different high-velocity, low-amplitude (HVLA) spinal manipulation procedures (lumbar spinous pull or push), and altered initial patient lower limb posture. METHODS: Twenty-four participants underwent 6 HVLA procedures directed toward the presumed L4 vertebra, reflecting each combination of 2 variants of a spinal manipulation application technique (spinous pull and push) and 3 initial hip flexion angles (0°, 45°, and 90°) applied using a right lateral recumbent patient position...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196631/effects-of-12-weeks-of-chiropractic-care-on-central-integration-of-dual-somatosensory-input-in-chronic-pain-patients-a-preliminary-study
#19
Heidi Haavik, Imran Khan Niazi, Kelly Holt, Bernadette Murphy
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this preliminary study was to assess whether the dual somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) technique is sensitive enough to measure changes in cortical intrinsic inhibitory interactions in patients with chronic neck or upper extremity pain and, if so, whether changes are associated with changes in pain scores. METHODS: The dual peripheral nerve stimulation SEP ratio technique was used for 6 subjects with a history of chronic neck or upper limb pain...
March 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192793/nonpharmacologic-therapies-for-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-for-an-american-college-of-physicians-clinical-practice-guideline
#20
Roger Chou, Richard Deyo, Janna Friedly, Andrea Skelly, Robin Hashimoto, Melissa Weimer, Rochelle Fu, Tracy Dana, Paul Kraegel, Jessica Griffin, Sara Grusing, Erika D Brodt
Background: A 2007 American College of Physicians guideline addressed nonpharmacologic treatment options for low back pain. New evidence is now available. Purpose: To systematically review the current evidence on nonpharmacologic therapies for acute or chronic nonradicular or radicular low back pain. Data Sources: Ovid MEDLINE (January 2008 through February 2016), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and reference lists...
April 4, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
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