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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647987/-distribution-of-hiv-1-subtypes-among-foreign-patients-in-guangzhou-between-2008-and-2010-and-in-2015
#1
Z G Han, H Wu, C Y Liang, K Gao, H X Mai, Y S Cai, H F Xu
Objective: To understand the characteristic of subtype distribution among foreigners who were living with HIV-1, in Guangzhou. Methods: HIV-1 RNAs were extracted from 114 serum specimens in foreigners diagnosed with HIV-1 infections between 2008 and 2010, and in 2015. Partial pol gene of HIV-1 genome from these RNA samples were amplified by nested reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (nested-PCR) with nucleotide sequenced. Subsequently, phylogenetic tree was reconstructed using the pol sequences of samples and references...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647979/-study-on-seasonal-characteristics-and-pathogenic-distribution-of-influenza-in-gansu-province-of-china
#2
X T Yang, X F Liu, J He, D S Yu, D P Liu, H Y Li, B D Li, Y N Bai
Objective: To study the epidemiologic characteristics of influenza in Gansu province of China and to optimize the related vaccination program. Methods: Weekly influenza surveillance data from the first week of 2010 to the fortieth week of 2016 were collected, in Gansu province. χ(2) test was used to compare the differences of nucleic acid positive rate and the virus types in the four seasons. Time series seasonal decomposition (TSSD) was used to explore seasonal patterns and characteristics of influenza epidemics in Gansu...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647877/volatile-organic-compounds-vocs-during-non-haze-and-haze-days-in-shanghai-characterization-and-secondary-organic-aerosol-soa-formation
#3
Deming Han, Zhen Wang, Jinping Cheng, Qian Wang, Xiaojia Chen, Heling Wang
To better understand the characterization and secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) during non-haze and haze days, ambient VOCs were continuously measured by a vehicle-mounted online thermal desorption system coupled with a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (TD-GC/MS) system in Shanghai, China. The average concentrations of VOCs in haze episodes (193.2 μg m(-3)) were almost 50% higher than in non-haze periods (130.8 μg m(-3)). VOC concentrations exhibited a bi-modal pattern in the morning and evening rush hour periods on both non-haze and haze days...
June 24, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647861/qualitative-spatial-logic-descriptors-from-3d-indoor-scenes-to-generate-explanations-in-natural-language
#4
Zoe Falomir, Thomas Kluth
The challenge of describing 3D real scenes is tackled in this paper using qualitative spatial descriptors. A key point to study is which qualitative descriptors to use and how these qualitative descriptors must be organized to produce a suitable cognitive explanation. In order to find answers, a survey test was carried out with human participants which openly described a scene containing some pieces of furniture. The data obtained in this survey are analysed, and taking this into account, the QSn3D computational approach was developed which uses a XBox 360 Kinect to obtain 3D data from a real indoor scene...
June 24, 2017: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647846/attentional-processing-of-itch
#5
A I M van Laarhoven, S van Damme, A P M Lavrijsen, D M van Ryckeghem, G Crombez, A W M Evers
Itch is a prevalent somatosensory symptom that can be highly disabling, because it is likely to draw attention and, as a result, may interfere with the performance of daily activities. Yet, research experimentally investigating attention to itch is lacking. In this study we aimed to investigate attentional processing of itch using multiple behavioral attention tasks. Forty-one healthy participants performed (1) a modified Stroop task with itch-related words, (2) a dot-probe task with itch-related pictures, and (3) a recently developed somatosensory attention task in which the effect of experimentally induced itch on the localization of visual targets was examined...
June 24, 2017: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647719/a-cross-sectional-study-on-the-prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors-for-workplace-violence-against-chinese-nurses
#6
Lei Shi, Danyang Zhang, Chenyu Zhou, Libin Yang, Tao Sun, Tianjun Hao, Xiangwen Peng, Lei Gao, Wenhui Liu, Yi Mu, Yuzhen Han, Lihua Fan
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to explore the characteristics of workplace violence that Chinese nurses at tertiary and county-level hospitals encountered in the 12 months from December 2014 to January 2016, to identify and analyse risk factors for workplace violence, and to establish the basis for future preventive strategies. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: A total of 44 tertiary hospitals and 90 county-level hospitals in 16 provinces (municipalities or autonomous regions) in China...
June 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647654/the-clinical-features-and-surgical-outcomes-of-spinal-cord-tanycytic-ependymomas-a-report-of-40-cases
#7
Xiaogang Tao, Zonggang Hou, Shuyu Hao, Qi Zhang, Zhen Wu, Junting Zhang, Baiyun Liu
OBJECTIVE: Spinal cord tanycytic ependymomas (TEs) are rarely reported because of extremely low incidence. Understanding of this disease is therefore poor. The aim of this study was to analyze the incidence and clinical, radiological, pathological, and prognostic features of spinal cord TEs. METHODS: Approximately 4,000 spinal cord tumors were surgically resected in Beijing Tiantan Hospital between April 2009 and May 2016. We identified all cases of pathologically proved TEs among these patients...
June 21, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647642/a-model-of-how-targeted-and-universal-welfare-entitlements-impact-on-material-psycho-social-and-structural-determinants-of-health-in-older-adults
#8
Judith Green, Stefanie Buckner, Sarah Milton, Katie Powell, Sarah Salway, Suzanne Moffatt
A growing body of research attests to the impact of welfare regimes on health and health equity. However, the mechanisms that link different kinds of welfare entitlement to health outcomes are less well understood. This study analysed the accounts of 29 older adults in England to delineate how the form of entitlement to welfare and other resources (specifically, whether this was understood as a universal entitlement or as targeted to those in need) impacts on the determinants of health. Mechanisms directly affecting access to material resources (through deterring uptake of benefits) have been well documented, but those that operate through psychosocial and more structural pathways less so, in part because they are more challenging to identify...
June 15, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647576/robotic-assisted-excision-of-a-urachal-diverticulum
#9
Pamela Frazzini Padilla, Soo Kwon
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a combined robotic assisted laparoscopic technique with concomitant cystoscopy use for excision of a urachal diverticulum, to ensure complete resection of diverticulum and bladder cuff. DESIGN: Step-by-step demonstration and explanation of the procedure using video illustration. IRB/Ethics Committee ruled that approval was not required for this case report, however patient consent was obtained. SETTING: Vesicourachal diverticula account for approximately 3-5% of congenital urachal anomalies...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647548/the-bioeconomy-in-poland-within-the-context-of-the-european-union
#10
REVIEW
Ewa Woźniak, Tomasz Twardowski
This article outlines the potential of the development of bioeconomy in Poland in the context of the European Union (EU). The analyses take into account the concept of bioeconomy, the overview of documents referring to the bioeconomy in the EU, including policy frameworks and agendas. Many countries including Poland emphasise the importance of bioeconomy, but have not yet developed a complex strategy. The state of bioeconomy in Poland is characterised by the sectors of agriculture, forestry and food production, as well as parts of the chemical, biotechnology and energy industries...
June 21, 2017: New Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647547/beyond-education-and-income-identifying-novel-socioeconomic-correlates-of-cigarette-use-in-u-s-young-adults
#11
Andrea C Villanti, Amanda L Johnson, Jessica M Rath
Young adulthood is defined by transitions in family life, living situations, educational settings, and employment. As a result, education and income may not be appropriate measures of socioeconomic status (SES) in young people. Using a national sample of young adults aged 18-34 (n=3364; collected February 2016), we explored novel socioeconomic correlates of ever cigarette use, past 30-day cigarette use, and daily cigarette use, weighted to account for non-response. Measures of SES assessed current education, household income, employment status, and subjective financial situation (SFS) and childhood SES (maternal and paternal education, SFS during childhood, parental divorce before age 18)...
June 21, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647540/reversible-swelling-of-sbmv-is-associated-with-reversible-disordering
#12
Jade Li, Carl Fricks, Donald L D Caspar, Ivan Rayment
The structures of the compact and swollen southern bean mosaic virus (SBMV) particles have been compared by X-ray diffraction and proton magnetic resonance (PMR). Small-angle X-ray scattering showed that removal of divalent cations at alkaline pH causes the particle diameter to increase from 289Å in the native SBMV by 12% in solution and by 9% in microcrystals. The swelling is fully reversible upon re-addition of Ca(2+)and Mg(2+) ions, as shown by the X-ray patterns at 6 Å resolution and by the 270 MHz PMR spectra...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Structural Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647537/variation-in-compulsory-psychiatric-inpatient-admission-in-england-a-cross-classified-multilevel-analysis
#13
Scott Weich, Orla McBride, Liz Twigg, Craig Duncan, Patrick Keown, David Crepaz-Keay, Eva Cyhlarova, Helen Parsons, Jan Scott, Kamaldeep Bhui
BACKGROUND: The increasing rate of compulsory admission to psychiatric inpatient beds in England is worrying. Studying variation between places and services could be key to identifying targets for interventions to reverse this trend. We modelled spatial variation in compulsory admissions in England using national patient-level data and quantified the extent to which patient, local-area, and service-setting characteristics accounted for this variation. METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional, multilevel analysis of the 2010-11 Mental Health Minimum Data Set (MHMDS)...
June 21, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647490/sex-biased-eicosanoid-biology-impact-for-sex-differences-in-inflammation-and-consequences-for-pharmacotherapy
#14
REVIEW
Simona Pace, Lidia Sautebin, Oliver Werz
The incidence, severity and progression of autoimmune diseases (e.g. scleroderma, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis) and certain inflammatory diseases (e.g. asthma) are sex-biased where these pathologies dominate in women. However, other immune disorders such as sepsis, post-surgery infections and gout display higher incidence and severity in men. The molecular and cellular basis underlying this sex dimorphism remains incompletely elucidated but may provide important insights for sex-specific pharmacotherapy...
June 21, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647486/geographically-weighted-negative-binomial-regression-applied-to-zonal-level-safety-performance-models
#15
Marcos José Timbó Lima Gomes, Flávio Cunto, Alan Ricardo Silva
Generalized Linear Models (GLM) with negative binomial distribution for errors, have been widely used to estimate safety at the level of transportation planning. The limited ability of this technique to take spatial effects into account can be overcome through the use of local models from spatial regression techniques, such as Geographically Weighted Poisson Regression (GWPR). Although GWPR is a system that deals with spatial dependency and heterogeneity and has already been used in some road safety studies at the planning level, it fails to account for the possible overdispersion that can be found in the observations on road-traffic crashes...
June 22, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647453/national-funding-for-mental-health-research-in-finland-france-spain-and-the-united-kingdom
#16
Jean-Baptiste Hazo, Coralie Gandré, Marion Leboyer, Carla Obradors-Tarragó, Stefano Belli, David McDaid, A-La Park, Maria Victoria Maliandi, Kristian Wahlbeck, Til Wykes, Jim van Os, Josep Maria Haro, Karine Chevreul
As part of the Roamer project, we aimed at revealing the share of health research budgets dedicated to mental health, as well as on the amounts allocated to such research for four European countries. Finland, France, Spain and the United Kingdom national public and non-profit funding allocated to mental health research in 2011 were investigated using, when possible, bottom-up approaches. Specifics of the data collection varied from country to country. The total amount of public and private not for profit mental health research funding for Finland, France, Spain and the UK was €10·2, €84·8, €16·8, and €127·6 million, respectively...
June 21, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647442/the-impact-of-the-transition-from-volume-to-value-on-heart-failure-care-implications-of-novel-payment-models-and-quality-improvement-initiatives
#17
REVIEW
Dushyanth Srinivasan, Nihar R Desai
In response to wide variation in quality and outcomes as well as escalating health care costs, the U.S. health care system is transitioning away from a volume based payment system to a quality- and value-based system. Medicare, the largest insurer and payer of healthcare, has accelerated the movement towards value-based care with the development and implementation of myriad alternative payment models and pay for performance programs as part of the Affordable Care Act. Given that heart failure affects a significant number of Medicare patients and these patients account for a disproportionate amount of healthcare utilization and spending, heart failure has become a focal point for these initiatives...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647403/prognostic-factors-and-outcomes-of-adult-lymphoblastic-lymphoma-in-the-united-states
#18
Mohamed Abd El-Fattah
BACKGROUND: T-lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LL) and B-lymphoblastic lymphoma (B-LL) are aggressive lymphoid neoplasms accounting for 2% to 4% of adult non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The aim of the present analysis was to characterize the clinical features and histologic subtypes and to assess the clinical prognostic factors for 696 adult patients with LL, the largest epidemiologic sample to date. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The present retrospective cohort study used the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database to identify adult patients (age, > 18 years) with LL with data recorded from 2001 to 2012...
June 6, 2017: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647402/autologous-stem-cell-transplantation-in-patients-with-multiple-myeloma-an-activity-based-costing-analysis-comparing-a-total-inpatient-model-versus-an-early-discharge-model
#19
Massimo Martino, Giuseppe Console, Letteria Russo, Antonella Meliado', Nicola Meliambro, Tiziana Moscato, Giuseppe Irrera, Giuseppe Messina, Antonella Pontari, Fortunato Morabito
BACKGROUND: Activity-based costing (ABC) was developed and advocated as a means of overcoming the systematic distortions of traditional cost accounting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We calculated the cost of high-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in patients with multiple myeloma using the ABC method, through 2 different care models: the total inpatient model (TIM) and the early-discharge outpatient model (EDOM) and compared this with the approved diagnosis related-groups (DRG) Italian tariffs...
June 6, 2017: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647395/survival-differences-among-patients-with-bladder-cancer-according-to-sex-critical-evaluation-of-radical-cystectomy-use-and-delay-to-treatment
#20
Stephen B Williams, Jinhai Huo, Tamer J Dafashy, Cameron K Ghaffary, Jacques G Baillargeon, Edwin E Morales, Simon P Kim, Yong-Fang Kuo, Eduardo Orihuela, Douglas S Tyler, Stephen J Freedland, Ashish M Kamat
OBJECTIVE: Sex differences in bladder cancer survival are well known. However, the effect of type of treatment, timing to surgery when rendered, and survival outcomes according to sex have not been extensively examined. Given the relatively low incidence of bladder cancer in females, large multicenter and population-based studies are required to elucidate sex differences in survival. In this study, we sought to characterize the effect of use and timing of radical cystectomy (RC) according to sex and survival outcomes...
June 21, 2017: Urologic Oncology
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