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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927224/supraorbital-keyhole-craniotomy-for-basilar-artery-aneurysms-accounting-for-the-cliff-effect
#1
Melissa M Stamates, Andrew K Wong, Anita Bhansali, Ricky H Wong
BACKGROUND: Treatment of basilar artery aneurysms is challenging. While endovascular techniques have dominated, there still remain circumstances where open surgical clipping is required or preferred. Minimally invasive "keyhole" approaches are being used more frequently to provide the durability of surgical clipping with a lower morbidity profile; however, careful patient selection is required. The supraorbital "keyhole" approach has been described for the treatment of basilar artery aneurysms, but careful assessment of the basilar exposure is necessary to ensure proper visualization of the aneurysm and ability to obtain proximal vascular control...
April 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927205/rare-neurosurgical-complications-of-epidural-injections-an-8-yr-single-institution-experience
#2
Gabriel A Smith, Jonathan Pace, Madeleine Strohl, Anand Kaul, Salim Hayek, Jonathan P Miller
BACKGROUND: Neurosurgical complications from epidural injections have rarely been reported. OBJECTIVE: To define the spectrum of complications from these procedures in order to identify risk factors and strategies for prevention. METHODS: A prospectively maintained database of 14 247 neurosurgical admissions over 8 yr was screened to identify patients who had suffered procedural complications associated with 1182 cervical and 4617 lumbar interlaminar epidural injection procedures performed at a single institution...
April 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927185/the-contribution-of-the-composite-of-clinical-process-indicators-as-a-measure-of-hospital-performance-in-the-management-of-acute-coronary-syndromes-insights-from-the-concordance-registry
#3
Bernadette Aliprandi-Costa, James Sockler, Leonard Kritharides, Lucy Morgan, Lan-Chi Snell, Janice Gullick, David Brieger, Isuru Ranasinghe
Aims: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a costly condition for health service provision yet variation in the delivery of care between hospitals persists. A composite measure of adherence with evidence-based clinical-process indicators (CPIs) could better inform hospital performance reporting and clinical outcomes in the management of ACS. Methods: Data on 7444 ACS patients from 39 Australian hospitals were used to derive a hospital-specific composite quality score by calculating mean adherence to 14 evidence-based CPIs...
January 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927174/has-invasive-management-for-acute-coronary-syndromes-become-more-risk-appropriate-pooled-results-of-five-australian-registries
#4
Amera Halabi, Derek P Chew, Matthew Horsfall, Karice Huyn, Andrew MacIsaac, Craig Juergens, John Amerena, Jamie Rankin, John French, David Brieger
Background: Despite being recommended in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) guidelines, the use of invasive management within specific risk groups continues to be debated. This study examines the change in the use of invasive management in ACS by patient risk and the associated change in mortality within Australia over the last 17 years. Methods: Pooled cohorts derived from five ACS registries (ACACIA, CONCORDANCE, GRACE, Snapshot-ACS, and Predict) spanned from 1999 to 2015...
April 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927170/out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-attributable-to-sunshine-a-nationwide-retrospective-observational-study
#5
Daisuke Onozuka, Akihito Hagihara
Aims: To investigate the population attributable risk of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) from non-optimal sunshine duration and the relative contribution of daily sunshine hours. Methods and Results: National registry data of all cases of OHCA occurred between 2005 and 2014 in the 47 Japanese prefectures were obtained. We examined the relationship between daily duration of sunshine and OHCA risk for each prefecture in Japan using a Poisson regression model combined with a distributed lag non-linear model, adjusting for confounding factors...
April 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927110/characteristics-of-primary-side-population-cervical-cancer-cells
#6
Zhen-Tong Wei, Xiao-Wei Yu, Jia-Xue He, Yan Liu, Song-Ling Zhang
The aim of the present study was to identify and characterize side population (SP) cells in primary cervical cancer. A primary culture was successfully established, and the SP cells were isolated via fluorescence-activated cell sorting. Subsequently, in vitro analysis of clonogenic capacity by soft agar assay and in vivo analysis of tumorigenicity were performed. The isolated SP cells accounted for ~4.73% of the total primary culture cells. The SP cells had a decreased proliferation rate and an increased distribution in G0/G1 compared with non-SP (NSP) cells...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927089/chronic-radiation-exposure-of-neuroblastoma-cells-reduces-nmyc-copy-number
#7
Manu Gnanamony, Reuben Antony, Karen S Fernández, Libes Jaime, Julian Lin, Pushpa A Joseph, Christopher S Gondi
Neuroblastoma accounts for >15% of cancer-associated mortalities of children in the USA. Despite aggressive treatment regimens, the long-term survival for these children remains <40%. The identification of v-Myc avian myelocytomatosis viral oncogene neuroblastoma-derived homolog (nMYC) gene amplification during diagnosis is associated with poor prognosis in neuroblastoma. There are limited studies examining changes in nMYC copy numbers in response to therapy and its biological effect on cancer cells. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of radiation on nMYC expression and amplification status in high-risk neuroblastoma...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927074/mirna-346-promotes-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-in-liver-cancer
#8
Qiang Yu, Xia Yang, Weidong Duan, Chonghui Li, Ying Luo, Shichun Lu
Liver cancer primarily accounts for the majority of malignancies of the liver. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous non-coding RNAs, which are important in tumorigenesis. Abnormal expression of microRNA-346 (miR-346) has been demonstrated in various types of human cancer, however, its expression and potential molecular mechanism in liver cancer remains to be elucidated. Expression levels of miR-346 in liver cancer cell lines were determined by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The effect of miR-346 on proliferation was evaluated by an MTT assay; cell migration and invasion were evaluated by Transwell migration and invasion assays and target protein expression was determined by western blotting...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927018/the-effect-of-harvesting-on-the-composition-of-essential-oils-from-five-varieties-of-ocimum-basilicum-l-cultivated-in-the-island-of-kefalonia-greece
#9
Gerasimia Tsasi, Theofilos Mailis, Artemis Daskalaki, Eleni Sakadani, Panagis Razis, Yiannis Samaras, Helen Skaltsa
Five varieties of Ocimum basilicum L. namely lettuce, cinnamon, minimum, latifolia, and violetto were separately cultivated in field and greenhouse in the island Kefalonia (Greece). The effect of successive harvesting to the essential oil content was evaluated. In total 23 samples of essential oils (EOs) were analyzed by GC-FID and GC-MS. Ninety-six constituents, which accounted for almost 99% of the oils, were identified. Cluster analysis was performed for all of the varieties in greenhouse and field conditions, in order to investigate the possible differentiation on the chemical composition of the essential oils, obtained between harvests during growing period...
September 18, 2017: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927016/china-s-air-quality-and-respiratory-disease-mortality-based-on-the-spatial-panel-model
#10
Qilong Cao, Ying Liang, Xueting Niu
Background: Air pollution has become an important factor restricting China's economic development and has subsequently brought a series of social problems, including the impact of air pollution on the health of residents, which is a topical issue in China. Methods: Taking into account this spatial imbalance, the paper is based on the spatial panel data model PM2.5. Respiratory disease mortality in 31 Chinese provinces from 2004 to 2008 is taken as the main variable to study the spatial effect and impact of air quality and respiratory disease mortality on a large scale...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927013/transcription-factors-responding-to-pb-stress-in-maize
#11
Yanling Zhang, Fei Ge, Fengxia Hou, Wenting Sun, Qi Zheng, Xiaoxiang Zhang, Langlang Ma, Jun Fu, Xiujing He, Huanwei Peng, Guangtang Pan, Yaou Shen
Pb can damage the physiological function of human organs by entering the human body via food-chain enrichment. Revealing the mechanisms of maize tolerance to Pb is critical for preventing this. In this study, a Pb-tolerant maize inbred line, 178, was used to analyse transcription factors (TFs) expressed under Pb stress based on RNA sequencing data. A total of 464 genes expressed in control check (CK) or Pb treatment samples were annotated as TFs. Among them, 262 differentially expressed transcription factors (DETs) were identified that responded to Pb treatment...
September 18, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927012/fiber-patterns-in-young-adults-living-in-different-environments-usa-spain-and-tunisia-anthropometric-and-lifestyle-characteristics
#12
María José García-Meseguer, Amalia Delicado-Soria, Ramón Serrano-Urrea
Benefits of dietary fiber go beyond its effect on chronic diseases associated with development. Consequently, the pattern of fiber intake has been considered an indicator for diet quality. Young adults are especially vulnerable to a food environment that drives an increase in chronic diseases linked to economic development. The aim of this work was to characterize patterns of fiber intake among university students. A cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 730 students enrolled at the University of Castilla-La Mancha (Spain), the University of Carthage (Tunisia), and Florida International University (USA)...
September 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926952/medium-access-control-protocols-for-cognitive-radio-ad-hoc-networks-a-survey
#13
REVIEW
Mahdi Zareei, A K M Muzahidul Islam, Sabariah Baharun, Cesar Vargas-Rosales, Leyre Azpilicueta, Nafees Mansoor
New wireless network paradigms will demand higher spectrum use and availability to cope with emerging data-hungry devices. Traditional static spectrum allocation policies cause spectrum scarcity, and new paradigms such as Cognitive Radio (CR) and new protocols and techniques need to be developed in order to have efficient spectrum usage. Medium Access Control (MAC) protocols are accountable for recognizing free spectrum, scheduling available resources and coordinating the coexistence of heterogeneous systems and users...
September 16, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926940/stress-exposure-and-physical-mental-and-behavioral-health-among-american-indian-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#14
Melissa L Walls, Kelley J Sittner, Benjamin D Aronson, Angie K Forsberg, Les B Whitbeck, Mustafa al'Absi
American Indian (AI) communities experience disproportionate exposure to stressors and health inequities including type 2 diabetes. Yet, we know little about the role of psychosocial stressors for AI diabetes-related health outcomes. We investigated associations between a range of stressors and psychological, behavioral, and physical health for AIs with diabetes. This community-based participatory research with 5 AI tribes includes 192 AI adult type 2 diabetes patients recruited from clinical records at tribal clinics...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926901/-report-of-colorectal-cancer-incidence-and-mortality-in-china-2013
#15
L B Du, H Z Li, Y Q Wang, C Zhu, R S Zheng, S W Zhang, W Q Chen, J He
Objective: To estimate the incidence and mortality of colorectal cancer (CRC) in China, providing basic information of treatment and prevention in CRC. Methods: In 2016, National Central Cancer Registry (NCCR) collected registration data in 2013 from local cancer registries and assessed the data according to the auditing methods and evaluation criteria formulated by NCCR. 347 cancer registries submitted data of 2013 to NCCR. Qualified data from 255 registries was pooled, analyzed and stratified by area (urban/rural), gender, and age...
September 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926883/-etiological-analysis-and-in-vitro-drug-sensitivity-of-bacterial-keratitis-in-northern-china-in-the-period-of-2006-2015
#16
Y Zhang, Z Q Wang, X G Sun
Objective: To analyze the etiology and drug sensitivity of bacterial keratitis and their changes, and to provide evidence for treatment and drug selection of bacterial keratitis. Methods: Retrospective case series study. From January 2006 to December 2015, corneal specimens suspected of bacterial infection were collected and cultured in Beijing Tongren Eye Center. General information of patients, etiological results and drug sensitivity test results were summarized and analyzed. The Chi-square test and Spearman correlation analysis were performed using SPSS 20...
September 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926880/-emphasis-on-standardization-and-refinement-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-dry-eye
#17
Z G Liu
Dry eye is the second most common ocular disease. In China, the incidence rate of dry eye has reached 21% to 30%, and dry eye patients have accounted for more than 30% of the total ophthalmology outpatients. Dry eye has become a common health problem that affects the working efficiency and life quality of Chinese people. Over the past decade, due to the rapid development of diagnostic equipments and new treatments for dry eye, dry eye has become one of the areas with greatest concerns in ophthalmology, and many eye institutions have set up their dry eye clinics...
September 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926809/spatial-distribution-of-glomalin-related-soil-protein-and-its-relationship-with-sediment-carbon-sequestration-across-a-mangrove-forest
#18
Qiang Wang, Haoliang Lu, Jingyan Chen, Hualong Hong, Jingchun Liu, Junwei Li, Chongling Yan
Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi produce a recalcitrant glycoprotein, (glomalin-related soil protein (GRSP)), which can contribute to soil carbon sequestration. Here we made a first study to characterize the spatial distribution of GRSP fractions in a mangrove forest at Zhangjiang Estuary, Southeastern China and to explore potential contributions of GRSP to sediment organic carbon (SOC) in this forest. We identified GRSP fractions in surface sediments, as well as those at a depth of 50 cm. The contents of easily extractable GRSP (EE-GRSP), total GRSP (T-GRSP), GRSP in particulate organic matter (POM-GRSP) and GRSP in pore water (PW-GRSP) ranged between 1...
September 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926808/active-pharmaceutical-ingredients-entering-the-aquatic-environment-from-wastewater-treatment-works-a-cause-for-concern
#19
Sean Comber, Mike Gardner, Pernilla Sörme, Dean Leverett, Brian Ellor
This work reports on the variation in wastewater treatment works (WwTW) influent concentrations of a wide variety of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs), their removal efficiency, effluent concentrations and potential risks to the aquatic environment. The research is based on data generated from two large UK-wide WwTW monitoring programmes. Taking account of removal of parent compound from the aqueous phase during treatment in combination with estimates of dilution available it is possible to prioritise the APIs of greatest risk of exceeding estimates of predicted no effect concentrations (PNEC) in receiving waters for all WwTW in the UK...
September 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926795/dissociable-intrinsic-functional-networks-support-noun-object-and-verb-action-processing
#20
Huichao Yang, Qixiang Lin, Zaizhu Han, Hongyu Li, Luping Song, Lingjuan Chen, Yong He, Yanchao Bi
The processing mechanism of verbs-actions and nouns-objects is a central topic of language research, with robust evidence for behavioral dissociation. The neural basis for these two major word and/or conceptual classes, however, remains controversial. Two experiments were conducted to study this question from the network perspective. Experiment 1 found that nodes of the same class, obtained through task-evoked brain imaging meta-analyses, were more strongly connected with each other than nodes of different classes during resting-state, forming segregated network modules...
September 16, 2017: Brain and Language
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