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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150990/prevalence-of-dry-eye-disease-and-its-association-with-dyslipidemia
#1
Krishnamoorthy Rathnakumar, Kaliaperumal Ramachandran, Durairaj Baba, Venkatachalam Ramesh, Velusamy Anebaracy, Ramachandran Vidhya, Rajamanickam Vinothkumar, Ramamurthy Poovitha, Rajagopalan Geetha
BACKGROUND: Dry eye disease (DED) is a common ocular surface disease significantly affecting the quality of life of patients. The aim of our study is to focus on the prevalence of DED and to determine the relationship between dyslipidemia and DED. METHODS: The study was performed with the age group of 25-70 years, who attended the ophthalmology outpatient department at Sri Lakshmi Narayana Institute of Medical Sciences with complaints of dry eye. A standard questionnaire was taken, and tear film tests were performed to diagnose dry eye...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150718/re-educating-immunity-in-respiratory-allergies-the-potential-for-hematopoietic-stem-cell-mediated-gene-therapy
#2
REVIEW
Jeremy F Brooks, Janet M Davies, James W Wells, Raymond J Steptoe
Respiratory allergies represent a significant disease burden worldwide affecting up to 300 million people globally. Medication and avoidance of known triggers do not address the underlying pathology. Traditional immunotherapies for allergy aim to reinstate immune homeostasis but require years of treatment and have poor long-term efficacy. Novel approaches, such as gene-engineered hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, induce profound antigen-specific tolerance in autoimmunity. Recent evidence shows this approach may also have therapeutic utility for allergy...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149955/hemodialysis-patients-willingness-to-undergo-kidney-transplantation-an-observational-study
#3
H Alansari, A Almalki, L Sadagah, M Alharthi
BACKGROUND: The number of dialysis patients is increasing, with only 20% undergoing kidney transplantation. In Saudi Arabia, no studies had examined transplantation barriers from the patients' perspectives. We aimed in this study to estimate hemodialysis (HD) patients' willingness to undergo kidney transplantation and to explore its underlying determinants. METHODS: In an observational cross-sectional study involving adult HD patients from King Abdulaziz Medical City and King Abdullah Dialysis Center-Jeddah, patients were interviewed through a pre-tested questionnaire...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149948/knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-organ-donation-in-health-care-undergraduate-students-in-italy
#4
F Fontana, M Massari, L Giovannini, G Alfano, G Cappelli
INTRODUCTION: The number of organ donors in Italy is increasing, but with still disappointing living donation activity and relatively frequent objection by potential deceased donors' relatives to organ recovery. Few studies have assessed health care students' knowledge and attitude on donation. METHODS: We administered a questionnaire to medical (MS) and nursing students (NS) at University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Italy, and 749 students (406 MS and 343 NS) completed the questionnaire...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149946/organ-donation-a-comparison-of-donating-and-nondonating-families-in-turkey
#5
F Can, S Hovardaoglu
Based on public opinion surveys, although 75% of people state that they would donate the organs of one of their relatives, in reality, the rate of the people who donate the organs of their relatives is 24%. To decrease the organ shortage, the key point is to understand the difference between intention and real behavior. For this reason, in this study, analyses of variables related to the potential organ donor families' decisions of approval or refusal for organ harvesting were analyzed. The interviews were conducted with 101 families who made a decision about organ donation between 2010 and 2014...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149852/access-to-health-care-for-persons-with-disabilities-in-rural-south-africa
#6
R Vergunst, L Swartz, K-G Hem, A H Eide, H Mannan, M MacLachlan, G Mji, S H Braathen, M Schneider
BACKGROUND: Global research suggests that persons with disabilities face barriers when accessing health care services. Yet, information regarding the nature of these barriers, especially in low-income and middle-income countries is sparse. Rural contexts in these countries may present greater barriers than urban contexts, but little is known about access issues in such contexts. There is a paucity of research in South Africa looking at "triple vulnerability" - poverty, disability and rurality...
November 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149791/the-dementia-care-coordination-program-engaging-health-systems-in-caregiver-supports
#7
Pamela Nadash, Nina M Silverstein, Frank Porell
This paper reports on a process evaluation using mixed methods to assess a Dementia Care Coordination Program, which is distinctive in using the medical system, rather than direct outreach, to identify and refer families to supports provided by an Alzheimer's Association chapter via dedicated care consultants. One care consultant received referrals from individual physicians, while the other, employed by a health plan, received referrals from health plan case managers. Through key informant interviews, focus groups, and physician and caregiver surveys, we identified key issues, finding high rates of stakeholder satisfaction, but some practical issues around information sharing and data tracking...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149373/pediatric-radiology-continuing-medical-education-activity
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149126/pharmacogenomics-principles-and-relevance-to-oncology-nursing%C3%A2
#9
Crystal H Dodson
BACKGROUND: Pharmacogenomics is the fastest growing field in precision medicine. Based on current use, oncology encompasses the largest share of the precision medicine market, necessitating that oncology nurses understand the principles of pharmacogenomics and how it affects clinical practice.
. OBJECTIVES: This article will define precision medicine and pharmacogenomics and will provide examples of pharmacogenomic tests, including those associated with tumor markers, and nursing implications...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148607/the-art-of-oral-handovers-a-participant-observational-study-by-undergraduate-students-in-a-hospital-setting
#10
Tove Giske, Sunniva Nese Melås, Kari Anne Einarsen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study explores the conditions for oral handovers between shifts in a hospital setting, and how these impact patient safety and quality of care. BACKGROUND: Oral handovers transfer patient information and nursing responsibilities between shifts. Short written summaries of patients can complement an oral handover. How to find the balance between a standardised protocol for handovers and tailoring variations to specific patients and situations is debated in the literature...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148172/quality-of-handwritten-surgical-operative-notes-from-surgical-trainees-a-noteworthy-issue
#11
Tatenda C Nzenza, Todd Manning, Simeon Ngweso, Marlon Perera, Shomik Sengupta, Damien Bolton, Nathan Lawrentschuk
BACKGROUND: Surgical operation notes are crucial for medical record keeping and information flow in continued patient care. In addition to inherent medical implications, the quality of operative notes also has important economic and medico-legal ramifications. Further, well-documented records can also be useful for audit purposes and propagation of research, facilitating the improvement of delivery of care to patients. We aimed to assess the quality of surgical operation notes written by junior doctors and trainees against a set standard, to ascertain whether these standards were met...
November 17, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147964/diabetes-care-in-qatar-a-survey-of-pharmacists-activities-attitudes-and-knowledge
#12
Maguy Saffouh El Hajj, Safae E Abu Yousef, Meena Ali Basri
Background Diabetes mellitus is recognized as a major public health issue and is one of the top ten causes of death in Qatar. Objective To describe the activities, and attitudes of Qatar pharmacists toward diabetes, to measure their diabetes knowledge and to assess their perceived barriers for diabetes care. Setting Community and ambulatory pharmacies in Qatar. Method Study objectives were addressed in a cross sectional survey of community and ambulatory pharmacists in Qatar. A phone call explaining the study was made to all community and ambulatory pharmacists in Qatar...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147942/randomized-controlled-trials-of-simulation-based-interventions-in-emergency-medicine-a-methodological-review
#13
REVIEW
Anthony Chauvin, Jennifer Truchot, Aida Bafeta, Dominique Pateron, Patrick Plaisance, Youri Yordanov
The number of trials assessing Simulation-Based Medical Education (SBME) interventions has rapidly expanded. Many studies show that potential flaws in design, conduct and reporting of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) can bias their results. We conducted a methodological review of RCTs assessing a SBME in Emergency Medicine (EM) and examined their methodological characteristics. We searched MEDLINE via PubMed for RCT that assessed a simulation intervention in EM, published in 6 general and internal medicine and in the top 10 EM journals...
November 16, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147890/food-allergy-in-children-an-overview
#14
REVIEW
Jaidev M Devdas, Christopher Mckie, Adam T Fox, Vinod H Ratageri
The estimated prevalence of food allergy amongst children in the west is around 6-8% but there is paucity of data in the Indian population. There is a complex interplay of environmental influences and genetic factors in the immuno-pathogenesis and manifestations of food allergy. A reliable thorough clinical history, combined with positive skin prick tests or food-specific IgE, is essential for a more precise diagnosis of food allergy. Currently there is no cure for food allergy. The management of food allergy usually includes strict avoidance, patient education and provision of emergency medication (adrenaline-autoinjectors)...
November 17, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147876/objective-differences-in-colonoscopy-technique-between-trainee-and-expert-endoscopists-using-the-colonoscopy-force-monitor
#15
Alexander R Ende, Piet De Groen, Bryan L Balmadrid, Joo Ha Hwang, John Inadomi, Tomasz Wojtera, Vladimir Egorov, Noune Sarvazyan, Louis Korman
BACKGROUND: Learning to perform colonoscopy safely and effectively is central to gastroenterology fellowship programs. The application of force to the colonoscope is an important part of colonoscopy technique. AIMS: We compared force application during colonoscopy between novice and expert endoscopists using a novel device to determine differences in colonoscopy technique. METHODS: This is an observational cohort study designed to compare force application during colonoscopy between novice and experienced trainees, made up of gastroenterology fellows from two training programs, and expert endoscopists from both academic and private practice settings...
November 17, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147582/assessment-of-weight-management-practices-among-adults-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#16
Amita Attlee, Nour Atmani, Viktor Stromtsov, Fatima Ali, Rim Tikarly, Sarah Ryad, Ghada Salah, Hayder Hasan, Reyad Obaid
With a rise in global incidence of overweight and obesity, the number of patients seeking weight management (WM) advice is likely to increase. Our aim was to explore the prevalence of WM practices and investigate association of WM goals with sociodemographic variables and practices among United Arab Emirates (UAE) adults. An exploratory, cross-sectional research was conducted on 1275 adult males and females, residing in UAE. A structured questionnaire was administered. WM goals to lose/maintain/gain weight were reported in 88...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147118/the-effects-of-public-education-through-short-message-service-on-the-time-from-symptom-onset-to-hospital-arrival-in-patients-with-myocardial-infarction-a-field-trial
#17
Farzaneh Saberi, Mohsen Adib-Hajbaghery, Javad Zohrehie
BACKGROUND: Patients' early hospital arrival is among the most important factors in minimizing the complications of myocardial infarction (MI). One of the measures which can reduce prehospital delay in these patients is public education. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of public education through Short Message Service (SMS) on the time from symptom onset to hospital arrival (or onset-to-door time) in patients with MI in Kashan, Iran. METHODS: This field trial was done on 131 patients with definite diagnosis of myocardial infarction...
May 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147059/tetanus-in-adult-males-bugando-medical-centre-united-republic-of-tanzania
#18
Riaz Aziz, Robert N Peck, Samuel Kalluvya, Bernard Kenemo, Alphonce Chandika, Jennifer A Downs
Problem: In the United Republic of Tanzania, the incidence of non-neonatal circumcision-related tetanus is probably underreported. Approach: We analysed charts and extracted information on outcome and wound location for non-neonatal cases of tetanus admitted to the intensive care unit of Bugando Medical Centre between 2001 and 2016. Local setting: Bugando Medical Centre, which is one of four teaching referral hospitals in the United Republic of Tanzania, has a 13-bed intensive care unit that manages all admitted patients with tetanus...
November 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146826/social-preferences-of-future-physicians
#19
Jing Li, William H Dow, Shachar Kariv
We measure the social preferences of a sample of US medical students and compare their preferences with those of the general population sampled in the American Life Panel (ALP). We also compare the medical students with a subsample of highly educated, wealthy ALP subjects as well as elite law school students and undergraduate students. We further associate the heterogeneity in social preferences within medical students to the tier ranking of their medical schools and their expected specialty choice. Our experimental design allows us to rigorously distinguish altruism from preferences regarding equality-efficiency tradeoffs and accurately measure both at the individual level rather than pooling data or assuming homogeneity across subjects...
November 16, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146646/cross-sectional-study-of-the-financial-cost-of-training-to-the-surgical-trainee-in-the-uk-and-ireland
#20
John O'Callaghan, Helen M Mohan, Anna Sharrock, Vimal Gokani, J Edward Fitzgerald, Adam P Williams, Rhiannon L Harries
OBJECTIVES: Applications for surgical training have declined over the last decade, and anecdotally the costs of training at the expense of the surgical trainee are rising. We aimed to quantify the costs surgical trainees are expected to cover for postgraduate training. DESIGN: Prospective, cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: A non-mandatory online questionnaire for UK-based trainees was distributed nationally...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
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