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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689749/the-association-between-alcohol-outlet-accessibility-and-adverse-birth-outcomes-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#1
J A Seabrook, N Woods, A Clark, B de Vrijer, D Penava, J Gilliland
BACKGROUND: Alcohol outlet accessibility is positively associated with alcohol consumption, although this relationship has not been thoroughly examined in pregnant women. The present study examines the relationship between proximity and density of alcohol outlets and risk for low birth weight (LBW: <2,500 grams) and preterm birth (PTB: <37 weeks gestational age), and is the first Canadian study to investigate this association. METHODS: Maternal accessibility to alcohol outlets was specified using a gravity-type measure of accessibility, which provides the amount of accessibility that a given household has to liquor stores within 30-minutes of their home...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689322/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-and-hyperglycaemia-in-pregnancy-a-narrative-review-and-results-from-a-prospective-danish-cohort-study
#2
REVIEW
Camilla Viola Buskbjerg Palm, Dorte Glintborg, Henriette Boye Kyhl, H David McIntyre, Richard Christian Jensen, Tina Kold Jensen, Dorte Møller Jensen, Marianne Andersen
BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance is common in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). PCOS may be associated with increased risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). OBJECTIVES: To 1) review literature regarding PCOS and hyperglycaemia in pregnancy and 2) present original data from Odense Child Cohort (OCC) regarding GDM in PCOS. METHODS: Literature search including original studies from 2000-18. OCC included 2,548 pregnant women, 9.5 % (n=241) had PCOS...
April 21, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687964/long-term-weight-gain-and-risk-of-overweight-in-parous-and-nulliparous-women
#3
Deborah Davis, Wendy J Brown, Maralyn Foureur, Ellen A Nohr, Fenglian Xu
OBJECTIVE: In longitudinal studies, women gain significant amounts of weight during young adulthood, pointing to pregnancy as an important trigger for weight gain. Studies examining the effect of parity vary in their findings and are complicated by multiple potential confounders. This study examines the association between parity and long-term weight gain in a cohort of young women participating in the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH). METHODS: A sample of 8,009 parous and nulliparous women was drawn from this cohort and allocated to one of six parity groups (0-5+)...
April 24, 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686016/neurofilament-as-neuronal-injury-blood-marker-in-preeclampsia
#4
Katrina Suzanne Evers, Andrew Atkinson, Christian Barro, Urs Fisch, Marc Pfister, Evelyn A Huhn, Olav Lapaire, Jens Kuhle, Sven Wellmann
Preeclampsia has been shown to be associated with changes in cerebral structure and cognitive function later in life. Nf (neurofilaments) are specific scaffolding proteins of neurons, and their quantification in serum has been proposed as a biomarker for neuroaxonal injury. We performed a prospective, longitudinal, single-center study at the University Hospital of Basel to determine serum Nf concentrations in pregnant women with singleton pregnancies and with high risk of preeclampsia or with early signs of preeclampsia...
April 23, 2018: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685923/maternal-caffeine-intake-during-pregnancy-and-childhood-growth-and-overweight-results-from-a-large-norwegian-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#5
Eleni Papadopoulou, Jérémie Botton, Anne-Lise Brantsæter, Margaretha Haugen, Jan Alexander, Helle Margrete Meltzer, Jonas Bacelis, Anders Elfvin, Bo Jacobsson, Verena Sengpiel
OBJECTIVES: To study the association between maternal caffeine intake during pregnancy and the child's weight gain and overweight risk up to 8 years. DESIGN: Prospective nationwide pregnancy cohort. SETTING: The Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 50 943 mothers recruited from 2002 to 2008 and their children, after singleton pregnancies, with information about average caffeine intake assessed at mid-pregnancy...
April 23, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685714/dilated-cardiomyopathy-in-pregnancy-outcomes-from-an-australian-tertiary-centre-for-maternal-medicine-and-review-of-the-current-literature
#6
Siobhan Boyle, Mugur Nicolae, Karam Kostner, Kathy Davies, Irena Cukovski, Amanda Cunliffe, Adam Morton
BACKGROUND: Peripartum cardiomyopathy is associated with significant risks of decline in left ventricular function and adverse maternal and fetal outcome in subsequent pregnancy. The risks of pregnancy in women with dilated cardiomyopathy are unclear. We aimed to assess the outcome of pregnancy in women with dilated cardiomyopathy seen at our institution and to review the literature on this subject. METHODS: A retrospective audit of the outcomes of 14 pregnancies to 12 women with dilated cardiomyopathy...
March 2, 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685537/three-dimensional-magnetic-resonance-pelvimetry-a-new-technique-for-evaluating-the-female-pelvis-in-pregnancy
#7
K D Liao, Y H Yu, Y G Li, L Chen, C Peng, P Liu, C L Chen, R Y Chen, M Zhong, Y Wang
OBJECTIVE: To describe three-dimensional (3D) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) pelvimetry methods and to establish the pelvimetric reference in a large population of Chinese females at term pregnancy. METHODS: Three-hundred one pregnant women at term who underwent MRI were included. Three-dimensional pelvic models were reconstructed using Mimics. 10.0 software based on MRI data sets, and measurements of these models were made. Pelvimetric results according to delivery modality were presented...
May 2018: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685440/the-association-of-serum-%C3%AE-hydroxybutyrate-concentration-with-fetal-number-and-health-indicators-in-late-gestation-ewes-in-commercial-meat-flocks-in-prince-edward-island
#8
Niorn Ratanapob, John VanLeeuwen, Shawn McKenna, Maureen Wichtel, Juan C Rodriguez-Lecompte, Paula Menzies, Jeffrey Wichtel
Late-gestation ewes are susceptible to ketonemia resulting from high energy requirement for fetal growth during the last few weeks of pregnancy. High lamb mortality is a possible consequence of effects of ketonemia on both ewes and lambs. Determining risk factors to ketonemia is a fundamental step to identify ewes at risk, in order to avoid losses caused by ketonemia. Serum β-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA) concentrations of 384 late-gestation ewe samples were determined. Physical examinations, including body condition, FAMACHA© and hygiene scoring, were performed...
June 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684810/associations-between-dairy-cow-inter-service-interval-and-probability-of-conception
#9
J G Remnant, M J Green, J N Huxley, C D Hudson
Recent research has indicated that the interval between inseminations in modern dairy cattle is often longer than the commonly accepted cycle length of 18-24 days. This study analysed 257,396 inseminations in 75,745 cows from 312 herds in England and Wales. The interval between subsequent inseminations in the same cow in the same lactation (inter-service interval, ISI) were calculated and inseminations categorised as successful or unsuccessful depending on whether there was a corresponding calving event. Conception risk was calculated for each individual ISI between 16 and 28 days...
April 11, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684295/smoking-related-behaviours-of-pregnant-women-depending-on-their-place-of-residence
#10
Magdalena Zawadzka, Andrzej Buczyński, Włodzimierz Stelmach, Alina Kowalska, Gabriela Henrykowska
OBJECTIVES: Smoking is a commonly recognized risk factor of civilization diseases. Despite many educational programmes concerning harmful effects of tobacco smoking, this habit is still very popular. Particularly alarming is a high percentage of pregnant women who smoke. METHODS: The aim of the study was to analyse the prevalence of smoking among pregnant women depending on their place of residence. The research was conducted in randomly selected 30 outpatient clinics for women in Łodź and 16 outpatient clinics in rural communes of the Łodź province...
March 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683912/acog-technology-assessment-no-13-hysteroscopy
#11
(no author information available yet)
Hysteroscopy is performed to view and treat pathology within the uterine cavity and endocervix. Diagnostic hysteroscopy allows visualization of the endocervical canal, endometrial cavity, and fallopian tube ostia. Operative hysteroscopy incorporates the use of mechanical, electrosurgical, or laser instruments to treat intracavitary pathology and perform hysteroscopic sterilization procedures. Selection of a distending medium requires consideration of the advantages, disadvantages, and risks associated with various media as well as their compatibility with electrosurgical or laser energy...
May 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683910/acog-committee-opinion-no-735-adolescents-and-long-acting-reversible-contraception-implants-and-intrauterine-devices
#12
(no author information available yet)
The phenomenon of adolescent childbearing is complex and far reaching, affecting not only the adolescents but also their children and their community. The prevalence and public health effect of adolescent pregnancy reflect complex structural social problems and an unmet need for acceptable and effective contraceptive methods in this population. In 2006-2010, 82% of adolescents at risk of unintended pregnancy were currently using contraception, but only 59% used a highly effective method, including any hormonal method or intrauterine device...
May 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683907/acog-technology-assessment-no-13-summary-hysteroscopy
#13
(no author information available yet)
Hysteroscopy is performed to view and treat pathology within the uterine cavity and endocervix. Diagnostic hysteroscopy allows visualization of the endocervical canal, endometrial cavity, and fallopian tube ostia. Operative hysteroscopy incorporates the use of mechanical, electrosurgical, or laser instruments to treat intracavitary pathology and perform hysteroscopic sterilization procedures. Selection of a distending medium requires consideration of the advantages, disadvantages, and risks associated with various media as well as their compatibility with electrosurgical or laser energy...
May 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683905/acog-committee-opinion-no-735-summary-adolescents-and-long-acting-reversible-contraception-implants-and-intrauterine-devices
#14
(no author information available yet)
The phenomenon of adolescent childbearing is complex and far reaching, affecting not only the adolescents but also their children and their community. The prevalence and public health effect of adolescent pregnancy reflect complex structural social problems and an unmet need for acceptable and effective contraceptive methods in this population. In 2006-2010, 82% of adolescents at risk of unintended pregnancy were currently using contraception, but only 59% used a highly effective method, including any hormonal method or intrauterine device...
May 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683557/the-prevalence-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-mainland-china-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Chenghan Gao, Xin Sun, Li Lu, Fangwei Liu, Jing Yuan
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are at a higher risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes.The aim of this study was to estimate the pooled prevalence of GDM in mainland China according to International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) criteria. METHODS: We performed a systematic review by searching both English and Chinese literature databases. Random effects models were used to summarize the prevalence of GDM in mainland China...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683544/high-folate-levels-are-not-associated-with-increased-malaria-risk-but-with-reduced-anemia-rates-in-the-context-of-high-dosed-folate-supplements-and-intermittent-preventive-treatment-against-malaria-in-pregnancy-with-sulphadoxine-pirymethamine-in-benin
#16
Violeta Moya-Alvarez, Smaila Ouédraogo, Manfred Accrombessi, Michel Cot
OBJECTIVES: To investigate if high-dosed folate supplements might diminish the efficacy of malaria intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy (IPTp) with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) in a cohort of pregnant women in Benin, where malaria is holoendemic. METHODS: We followed 318 women during the entire pregnancy and analyzed hematological and P.falciparum indicators in the context of an intermittent preventive treatment trial in Benin. During the follow-up women received two-dose IPTp (1500/75 mg of SP per dose) at the maternity clinic, and 600 mg of albendazole, 200 mg ferrous sulfate and 5 mg folic acid per day for home treatment...
April 23, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683306/maternity-care-update-prenatal-care-and-specific-conditions
#17
Andrew Smith, Wendy B Barr, Erin Bassett-Novoa, Nicholas LeFevre
Early initiation of prenatal care is associated with improved health outcomes for women and newborns. An essential element of prenatal care is determining the estimated due date, ideally using a first-trimester ultrasound. Laboratory tests should be obtained to screen for conditions that can affect pregnancy. Routine immunizations for all pregnant women include influenza vaccine; tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria, acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine. All women should be screened for gestational diabetes mellitus in midpregnancy...
April 2018: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682309/australasian-society-for-hiv-viral-hepatitis-and-sexual-health-medicine-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-clinical-guidelines-update-april-2018
#18
EDITORIAL
Edwina Wright, Andrew Grulich, Katy Roy, Mark Boyd, Vincent Cornelisse, Darren Russell, Darryl O'Donnell, Bill Whittaker, Levinia Crooks, Iryna Zablotska
Daily use of coformulated tenofovir and emtricitabine for HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) by populations at high risk of HIV infection is now recommended in guidelines from the United States, Europe and Australia and globally through the 2015 WHO guidelines. These 2017 Australasian Society for HIV, Viral Hepatitis and Sexual Health Medicine's (ASHM) PrEP Guidelines are an updated adaptation of the 2014 US Centers for Disease Control's PrEP guidelines and are designed to: •Support the prescription of PrEP using forms of coformulated tenofovir and emtricitabine that have been registered in Australia by the Therapeutic Goods Administration and other bioequivalent generic drugs that are available in Australia through self-importation, private prescription or Australian PrEP clinical trials•Assist clinicians in the evaluation of patients who are seeking PrEP•Assist clinicians in commencing and monitoring patients on PrEP including PrEP dosing schedules, management of side-effects and toxicity, use of PrEP in pregnancy and in chronic hepatitis B infection and how to cease PrEP Daily PrEP with co-formulated tenofovir and emtricitabine, used continuously or for shorter periods of time, is recommended in these guidelines as a key HIV-prevention option for men who have sex with men (MSM), transgender men and women, heterosexual men and women, and people who inject drugs (PWID) at substantial risk of HIV acquisition...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682296/intensification-of-antiretroviral-treatment-with-raltegravir-for-pregnant-women-living-with-hiv-at-high-risk-of-vertical-transmission
#19
EDITORIAL
Thanyawee Puthanakit, Nattawan Thepnarong, Surasith Chaithongwongwatthana, Suvaporn Anugulruengkitt, Orawan Anunsittichai, Tuangtip Theerawit, Sasiwimol Ubolyam, Chitsanu Pancharoen, Praphan Phanuphak
Objectives:  The rate of vertical HIV transmission for women at high risk of HIV transmission stands at approximately 7.6%. In the present study we describe infant infection rates in women who had received raltegravir (RAL) intensification during pregnancy to a standard three-drug antiretroviral (ART) regimen in Thailand. Methods:  This prospective cohort study enrolled HIV-1-positive pregnant women at high risk of vertical transmission, as defined by (1) ART initiation at a gestational age (GA) ≥32 weeks or (2) HIV-1 RNA >1000 copies/mL at GA of 32-38 weeks while on ART...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681199/pregnancy-after-periviable-birth-making-the-case-for-innovative-delivery-of-interpregnancy-care
#20
Kavita Vani, Francesca L Facco, Katherine P Himes
OBJECTIVE: Women who have had a spontaneous periviable delivery are at high risk for recurrent preterm delivery. The objective of our study was to determine interpregnancy interval (IPI) after periviable birth as well as percentage of women taking 17 alpha hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17OHP-C) after periviable birth. We then examined the association between adherence with a postpartum visit after a periviable birth and IPI as well as receipt of 17OHP-C. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included all women with a periviable delivery (20-26-week gestation) due to spontaneous preterm birth at Magee Womens Hospital between 2009 and 2014 who had their subsequent delivery at our institution at or before May of 2016...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
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