keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Constraint therapy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906588/fertility-preservation-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-oncology-patients-the-decision-making-process-of-parents
#1
Nancy Li, Yasmin Jayasinghe, Matthew A Kemertzis, Paddy Moore, Michelle Peate
PURPOSE: Decisions surrounding fertility preservation (FP) in children, adolescents, and adults can be difficult due to the distress of a cancer diagnosis, time constraints for decision-making, and lack of efficacy data. This review examines the decision-making process of oncology patients and their parents (if patients are in the pediatric or adolescent population) to better understand experiences of decisional conflict and regret. METHODS: Two electronic databases, Embase and Pubmed, were searched using the terms (Decision-making OR Conflict (Psychology) OR Decision regret) AND (Freezing OR Oocyte OR Ovarian tissue OR Semen preservation OR Fertility preservation OR Cryopreservation) AND (Neoplasms OR Cancer OR Chemotherapy OR Drug therapy OR Radiotherapy)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899754/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-potentiates-improvements-in-functional-ability-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke-receiving-constraint-induced-movement-therapy
#2
Krystian Figlewski, Jakob Udby Blicher, Jesper Mortensen, Kåre Eg Severinsen, Jørgen Feldbæk Nielsen, Henning Andersen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Transcranial direct current stimulation may enhance effect of rehabilitation in patients with chronic stroke. The objective was to evaluate the efficacy of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation combined with constraint-induced movement therapy of the paretic upper limb. METHODS: A total of 44 patients with stroke were randomly allocated to receive 2 weeks of constraint-induced movement therapy with either anodal or sham transcranial direct current stimulation...
November 29, 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898736/long-term-antiretroviral-treatment-adherence-in-hiv-infected-adolescents-and-adults-in-uganda-a-qualitative-study
#3
Seth C Inzaule, Raph L Hamers, Cissy Kityo, Tobias F Rinke de Wit, Maria Roura
BACKGROUND: Long-term success of HIV antiretroviral therapy requires near-perfect adherence, maintained throughout one's lifetime. However, perceptions towards ART and patterns of adherence may change during the life course. We assessed challenges to long-term adherence in adolescents and adults in three regional HIV treatment centers in Uganda. METHODS: We conducted 24 in-depth interviews and 2 focus group discussions with a total of 33 health-care providers and expert clients (HIV patients on long-term ART who assist with adherence support of fellow patients)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891377/immune-thrombocytopenia-as-a-presenting-manifestation-of-tuberculosis-challenge-in-resource-constraint-settings
#4
Deba Prasad Dhibar, Kamal Kant Sahu, Varun Dhir, Surjit Singh
Tuberculosis can infect almost any organ of our body leading to various presentations and its complication. Various haematological manifestations of tuberculosis are well known. But isolated thrombocytopenia and Immune Thrombocytopenia (ITP) in patients with tuberculosis is very rare. Here we report a case of young man who presented with acute onset of bleeding manifestations in the form of epistaxis and macroscopic haematuria with platelets count of 5×10(9)/L. The patient was diagnosed to have ITP along with clinical and radiological evidence of active tuberculosis...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880737/development-and-clinical-introduction-of-automated-radiotherapy-treatment-planning-for-prostate-cancer
#5
D Winkel, G H Bol, B van Asselen, J Hes, V Scholten, L G W Kerkmeijer, B W Raaymakers
To develop an automated radiotherapy treatment planning and optimization workflow to efficiently create patient specifically optimized clinical grade treatment plans for prostate cancer and to implement it in clinical practice. A two-phased planning and optimization workflow was developed to automatically generate 77Gy 5-field simultaneously integrated boost intensity modulated radiation therapy (SIB-IMRT) plans for prostate cancer treatment. A retrospective planning study (n  =  100) was performed in which automatically and manually generated treatment plans were compared...
December 21, 2016: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875901/reducing-radiation-related-morbidity-in-the-treatment-of-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#6
Jason W Chan, Upendra Parvathaneni, Sue S Yom
While radiation therapy is the mainstay of treatment for nasopharyngeal carcinoma, the anatomic location of the nasopharynx in close proximity to radiation-sensitive organs such as the salivary glands, optic nerves and chiasm, cochlea, brainstem and temporal lobes presents a special challenge. Technological approaches to reducing the morbidity of nasopharyngeal cancer irradiation have been historically successful with the evolution from 2D techniques to increasingly conformal forms of radiation therapy. This report reviews normal tissue dose constraints and major considerations in target delineation for patients with nasopharyngeal cancer in the intensity-modulated radiation therapy era...
November 23, 2016: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869082/reoptimization-of-intensity-modulated-proton-therapy-plans-based-on-linear-energy-transfer
#7
Jan Unkelbach, Pablo Botas, Drosoula Giantsoudi, Bram L Gorissen, Harald Paganetti
PURPOSE: We describe a treatment plan optimization method for intensity modulated proton therapy (IMPT) that avoids high values of linear energy transfer (LET) in critical structures located within or near the target volume while limiting degradation of the best possible physical dose distribution. METHODS AND MATERIALS: To allow fast optimization based on dose and LET, a GPU-based Monte Carlo code was extended to provide dose-averaged LET in addition to dose for all pencil beams...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856938/does-corticospinal-tract-connectivity-influence-the-response-to-intensive-bimanual-therapy-in-children-with-unilateral-cerebral-palsy
#8
Ana R P Smorenburg, Andrew M Gordon, Hsing-Ching Kuo, Claudio L Ferre, Marina Brandao, Yannick Bleyenheuft, Jason B Carmel, Kathleen M Friel
Background Reorganization of the corticospinal tract (CST) can occur in unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (USCP). The affected hand can be controlled via (1) typical contralateral projections from the lesioned hemisphere, (2) ipsilateral projections from the nonlesioned hemisphere, and (3) a combination of contralateral and ipsilateral projections (ie, bilateral). Intensive bimanual therapy and constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) improve hand function of children with USCP. Earlier it was suggested that the CST connectivity pattern may influence the efficacy of CIMT...
November 17, 2016: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844152/adherence-to-a-prophylactic-swallowing-therapy-program-during-chemo-radiotherapy-impact-of-service-delivery-model-and-patient-factors
#9
Laurelie R Wall, Elizabeth C Ward, Bena Cartmill, Anne J Hill, Sandro V Porceddu
Intensive, prophylactic swallowing therapy programs have been developed to improve dysphagia outcomes for patients with head/neck cancer (HNC) receiving (chemo)radiotherapy ([C]RT). Across studies, variable therapy adherence rates have been reported. Preliminary research suggests that service-delivery mode and demographic factors may influence adherence. This study examined patient adherence to a prophylactic swallowing therapy protocol across three service-delivery models: (1) clinician-directed face-to-face therapy, (2) technology-assisted therapy using the telepractice application, SwallowIT and (3) independent patient-directed therapy...
November 14, 2016: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843354/postpartum-hemorrhage-incidence-risk-factors-and-outcomes-in-a-low-resource-setting
#10
Solwayo Ngwenya
BACKGROUND: Primary postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is defined as blood loss from the genital tract of 500 mL or more following a normal vaginal delivery (NVD) or 1,000 mL or more following a cesarean section within 24 hours of birth. PPH contributes significantly to maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Women can rapidly hemorrhage and die soon after giving birth. It can be a devastating outcome to many young families. Women giving birth in low-resource settings are at a higher risk of death than their counterparts in resource-rich environments...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843168/scaling-up-antiretroviral-therapy-in-malawi
#11
Andreas Jahn, Anthony D Harries, Erik J Schouten, Edwin Libamba, Nathan Ford, Dermot Maher, Frank Chimbwandira
PROBLEM: In Malawi, health-system constraints meant that only a fraction of people infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and in immediate need of antiretroviral treatment (ART) received treatment. APPROACH: In 2004, the Malawian Ministry of Health launched plans to scale-up ART nationwide, adhering to the principle of equity to ensure fair geographical access to therapy. A public health approach was used with standardized training and treatment and regular supervision and monitoring of the programme...
October 1, 2016: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834628/consensus-guidelines-for-postoperative-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-for-spinal-metastases-results-of-an-international-survey
#12
Kristin J Redmond, Simon S Lo, Scott G Soltys, Yoshiya Yamada, Igor J Barani, Paul D Brown, Eric L Chang, Peter C Gerszten, Samuel T Chao, Robert J Amdur, Antonio A F De Salles, Matthias Guckenberger, Bin S Teh, Jason Sheehan, Charles R Kersh, Michael G Fehlings, Moon-Jun Sohn, Ung-Kyu Chang, Samuel Ryu, Iris C Gibbs, Arjun Sahgal
OBJECTIVE Although postoperative stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for spinal metastases is increasingly performed, few guidelines exist for this application. The purpose of this study is to develop consensus guidelines to promote safe and effective treatment for patients with spinal metastases. METHODS Fifteen radiation oncologists and 5 neurosurgeons, representing 19 centers in 4 countries and having a collective experience of more than 1300 postoperative spine SBRT cases, completed a 19-question survey about postoperative spine SBRT practice...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832477/pediatric-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-in-india-status-challenges-and-the-way-forward-based-on-dr-k-c-chaudhuri-oration-2016
#13
REVIEW
Vineet Govinda Gupta, Sameer Bakhshi
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) refers to therapies that aim to eliminate a patient's hematopoietic and immune system and replace it with his own (autologous) or someone else's (allogenic) system. The applications of this therapy are vast and growing, and include several malignant and benign diseases incurable by any other existing modalities. Pediatric patients constitute a minority of HSCT recipients with unique concerns. Despite substantial progress in the last two decades, limitations due to financial, infrastructural, manpower and research constraints act as barriers to fulfilling the large need for pediatric HSCT services in our country...
November 10, 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823650/osteoradionecrosis-and-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-an-overview
#14
REVIEW
Francesca De Felice, Daniela Musio, Vincenzo Tombolini
Osteoradionecrosis (ORN) is an ongoing topic, especially about its definition, pathogenesis, staging system and management algorithm. But what about its real incidence in intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) era? This paper discusses the mandible in radiation therapy planning as organ at risk and reviews the literature for evidence of radiation damage, discussing likely dose constraints and the use of IMRT to reduce radiation dose to this structure. PubMed search was performed.
November 2016: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816564/community-health-workers-provide-integrated-community-case-management-using-malaria-rapid-diagnostic-test-kits
#15
Bright C Orji, Namratha Rao, Elizabeth Thompson, William R Brieger, Emmanuel 'Dipo Otolorin
BACKGROUND: Throughout Nigeria malaria is an endemic disease. Efforts to treat malaria can also be combined with other illnesses including pneumonia and diarrhea, which are killing children under five years of age. The use of Rapid Diagnostic Test (RDT) aids early diagnosis of malaria and informs when other illnesses should be considered. Those with positive RDT results should be treated with Artemisinin-based Combination Therapy (ACTs), while those with negative RDTs results are further investigated for pneumonia and diarrhea...
October 26, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815039/standardisation-of-target-volume-delineation-for-carotid-sparing-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy-in-early-glottis-cancer
#16
D M Gujral, M Long, J W G Roe, K J Harrington, C M Nutting
AIMS: Recently, carotid-sparing intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for early laryngeal glottis (T1/T2N0M0) cancer has generated interest in the hope of avoiding long-term carotid toxicity, as well as concerns relating to geographical misses and long-term normal tissue toxicity. The aim of this review was to summarise the current literature on carotid-sparing IMRT for early glottis cancer, with particular focus on definitions of target volumes and the carotid arteries as organs at risk...
November 1, 2016: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810467/mycobacterium-tuberculosis-drug-resistance-testing-challenges-recent-developments-and-perspectives
#17
REVIEW
T Schön, P Miotto, C U Köser, M Viveiros, E Böttger, E Cambau
Drug-resistance testing, or antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST), is mandatory for Mycobacterium tuberculosis in cases of failure on standard therapy. We reviewed the different methods and techniques of phenotypic and genotypic approaches. Although multiresistant and extensively drug-resistant (MDR/XDR) tuberculosis is present worldwide, AST for M. tuberculosis (AST-MTB) is still mainly performed according to the resources available rather than the drug-resistance rates. Phenotypic methods, i.e. culture-based AST, are commonly used in high-income countries to confirm susceptibility of new cases of tuberculosis...
November 1, 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799719/analysis-approaches-and-interventions-with-occupational-performance
#18
REVIEW
Sinae Ahn
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to analyze approaches and interventions with occupational performance in patients with stroke. [Subjects and Methods] In this study, articles published in the past 10 years were searched. The key terms used were "occupational performance AND stroke" and "occupational performance AND CVA". A total 252 articles were identified, and 79 articles were selected. All interventions were classified according to their approaches according to 6 theories. All interventions were analyzed for frequency...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799063/tuberculosis-care-strategies-and-their-economic-consequences-for-patients-the-missing-link-to-end-tuberculosis
#19
Belete Getahun, Moges Wubie, Getiye Dejenu, Tsegahun Manyazewal
BACKGROUND: While investment in the development of Tuberculosis (TB) treatment strategies is essential, it cannot be assumed that the strategies are affordable for TB patients living in countries with high economic constraints. This study aimed to determine the economic consequences of directly observed therapy for TB patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional cost-of-illness analysis was conducted between September to November 2015 among 576 randomly selected adult TB patients who were on directly observed treatment in 27 public health facilities in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
November 1, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796620/peritoneal-dialysis-for-the-management-of-pediatric-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury
#20
Anil Vasudevan, Kishore Phadke, Hui-Kim Yap
Renal replacement therapy (RRT) is the most important supportive measure used in the management of acute kidney injury (AKI). Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a safe, simple and inexpensive procedure and has been used in pediatric AKI patients, ranging from neonates to adolescents. It is the modality of choice for RRT in developing countries with cost constraints and limited resources. However, its use has declined with the availability of newer types of extracorporeal modalities for RRT in the developed world. Much controversy exists regarding the dosing and adequacy of PD in the management of AKI...
October 28, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
keyword
keyword
14087
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"