keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

mild traumatic brain injury treatment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426839/medical-history-in-the-hellenic-journal-of-nuclear-medicine
#1
EDITORIAL
Andreas Otte, Byeong Cheol Ahn
The Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine is about to celebrate its 20th anniversary end of 2017. On board of the editorial team since 2003, this journal has influenced me like a good friend over the many past years. From time to time, the journal has published interesting and valuable historical notes. They show that nuclear medicine has a history and that medicine is its basis. They also teach us today, and some of the ancient perspectives and approaches are still valid. The reader of HJNM may be interested in these historical contributions, as they are timeless...
January 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422900/the-association-between-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-perceptions-of-deployment-related-injury-in-veterans-with-and-without-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#2
Nazanin H Bahraini, Lindsey L Monteith, Holly R Gerber, Jeri E Forster, Trisha A Hostetter, Lisa A Brenner
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether the association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and injury perceptions (ie, consequences, emotional representations, and coherence) differs for Veterans with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) compared with Veterans with non-TBI (ie, orthopedic). PARTICIPANTS: Eighty Veterans injured during post-9/11 deployments. DESIGN: Observational, 2×2 factorial design. MAIN MEASURES: Injury histories ascertained using the Ohio State University TBI-Identification Method and Deployment Injury Questionnaire; Injury Perception Questionnaire-Revised (injury perceptions); Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (PTSD diagnosis); and PTSD Symptom Checklist-Civilian Version (PTSD symptoms)...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422894/impact-of-telephone-based-problem-solving-treatment-on-the-use-of-medical-and-psychological-services-in-the-military
#3
John S Richardson, Jesse R Fann, Kathleen R Bell, Nancy Temkin
OBJECTIVE: To explore the impact of problem-solving treatment (PST) for mild traumatic brain injury in active duty service members on the use of medical and psychological services. PARTICIPANTS: Service members who had a mild traumatic brain injury during their last deployment and enrolled in the CONcussion Treatment After Combat Trauma (CONTACT) study. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial. Participants were assigned to telephone-based PST, or e-mailed or mailed education only over the course of 6 months...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412305/memantine-improves-outcomes-after-repetitive-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
Zhengrong Mei, Jianhua Qiu, Sasha Alcon, Jumana Hashim, Alexander Rotenberg, Yan Sun, William P Meehan, Rebekah Mannix
Repetitive mild traumatic brain injury (rmTBI; e.g., sports concussions) is common and results in significant cognitive impairment. Targeted therapies for rmTBI are lacking, though evidence from other injury models indicates that targeting N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor (NMDAR)-mediated glutamatergic toxicity might mitigate rmTBI-induced neurologic deficits. However, there is a paucity of preclinical or clinical data regarding NMDAR antagonist efficacy in the rmTBI setting. To test whether NMDAR antagonist therapy improves outcomes after rmTBI, mice were subjected to rmTBI injury (4 injuries in 4 days) and randomized to treatment with the NMDA antagonist memantine or with vehicle...
April 12, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390516/unique-aspects-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-military-and-veteran-populations
#5
REVIEW
Patrick Armistead-Jehle, Jason R Soble, Douglas B Cooper, Heather G Belanger
Traumatic brain injury (TBI), in particular mild TBI (mTBI), is a relatively common injury experienced by service members across both deployed and nondeployed environments. Although many of the principles and practices used by civilian health care providers for identifying and treating this injury apply to military settings, there are unique factors that impact mTBI-related care in service members and Veterans. This article reviews several of these factors, including the epidemiology of TBI in the military/Veteran population, the influence of military culture on this condition, and identification and treatment of mTBI in the war zone...
May 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381344/stability-of-coping-and-the-role-of-self-efficacy-in-the-first-year-following-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#6
Myrthe E Scheenen, Harm J van der Horn, Myrthe E de Koning, Joukje van der Naalt, Jacoba M Spikman
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Coping, the psychological adaptation to stressors and serious life events, has been found to have a great influence on the development and persistence of posttraumatic complaints. Coping has received much attention for having been found to be modifiable in treatment following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and for its potential to identify the Patients who are at risk of suffering from long-term complaints. Currently, coping styles are assumed to be stable over time...
March 18, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377126/vascular-impairment-as-a-pathological-mechanism-underlying-long-lasting-cognitive-dysfunction-after-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury
#7
Ichkova Aleksandra, Beatriz Rodriguez-Grande, Claire Bar, Frederic Villega, Jan Pieter Konsman, Jerome Badaut
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of death and disability in children. Indeed, the acute mechanical injury often evolves to a chronic brain disorder with long-term cognitive, emotional and social dysfunction even in the case of mild TBI. Contrary to the commonly held idea that children show better recovery from injuries than adults, pediatric TBI patients actually have worse outcome than adults for the same degree of injury severity. Acute trauma to the young brain likely interferes with the fine-tuned developmental processes and may give rise to long-lasting consequences on brain's function...
April 1, 2017: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376667/environmental-enrichment-mitigates-deficits-after-repetitive-mild-tbi
#8
Xiaxia Liu, Jianhua Qiu, Sasha Alcon, Jumana Hashim, William Meehan, Rebekah Mannix
While environmental enrichment has been shown to improve functional and histologic outcomes in preclinical moderate-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), there is a paucity of preclinical data regarding enrichment strategies in the setting of repetitive mild traumatic brain injury (rmTBI). Given the vast numbers of athletes who sustain rmTBI, the mounting evidence of the long-term and progressive sequelae of rmTBI, and the lack of targeted therapies to mitigate these sequelae, successful enrichment interventions in rmTBI could have large public health significance...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376127/the-doc-screen-feasible-and-valid-screening-for-depression-obstructive-sleep-apnea-osa-and-cognitive-impairment-in-stroke-prevention-clinics
#9
Richard H Swartz, Megan L Cayley, Krista L Lanctôt, Brian J Murray, Ashley Cohen, Kevin E Thorpe, Michelle N Sicard, Karen Lien, Demetrios J Sahlas, Nathan Herrmann
BACKGROUND: Post-stroke Depression, Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and Cognitive impairment ("DOC") are associated with greater mortality, worse recovery and poorer quality of life. Best practice recommendations endorse routine screening for each condition; yet, all are under-assessed, diagnosed and treated. We seek to determine the feasibility and validity of an integrated tool ("DOC" screen) to identify stroke clinic patients at high-risk of depression, OSA, and cognitive impairment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372513/economic-evaluation-of-telephone-based-concussion-management-for-combat-related-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
John S Richardson, Gregory F Guzauskas, Jesse R Fann, Nancy R Temkin, Nigel E Bush, Kathleen R Bell, Gregory A Gahm, Derek J Smolenski, Jo Ann Brockway, Ryan N Hansen
Introduction Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is an unfortunately common repercussion of military service in a combat zone. The CONTACT study tested an individualized telephone support intervention employing problem solving therapy (PST) for mTBI in soldiers recently returned from deployment. We sought to determine the cost effectiveness of this intervention from a military healthcare system perspective. Methods We conducted an intent-to-treat post-hoc analysis by building a decision analytic model that evaluated the choice between using PST or education only (EO)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347679/chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy-the-cellular-sequela-to-repetitive-brain-injury
#11
REVIEW
Alexander R Vile, Leigh Atkinson
This review aims to integrate current literature on the pathogenic mechanisms of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) to create a multifactorial understanding of the disease. CTE is a progressive neurodegenerative disease, classed as a tauopathy, although it appears the pathogenic mechanisms are more complex than this. It affects those with a history of repetitive mild traumatic brain injury. Currently, there are no treatments for CTE and the disease can only be affirmatively diagnosed in post mortem. Understanding the pathogenesis of the disease will provide an avenue to explore possible treatment and diagnostic modalities...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335664/cognitive-behavioral-intervention-compared-to-telephone-counselling-early-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-randomized-trial
#12
Myrthe Elisabeth Scheenen, Annemarie Cecile Visser-Keizer, Myrthe Elisabeth de Koning, Harm Jan van der Horn, Peter van de Sande, Marlies Elisabeth van Kessel, Joukje van der Naalt, Jacoba M Spikman
Many patients do not return to work (RTW) following mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI) due to persistent complaints that are often resistant to therapy in the chronic phase. Recent studies suggest that psychological interventions should be implemented early after injury to prevent patients from developing chronic complaints. This study is a randomized controlled trial which examines the effectiveness of a newly developed CBT intervention (CBTi) compared to telephonic counseling (TC) in at risk mTBI patients (patients with high reports of early complaints)...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321191/palmitoylethanolamide-reduces-neuropsychiatric-behaviors-by-restoring-cortical-electrophysiological-activity-in-a-mouse-model-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#13
Francesca Guida, Serena Boccella, Monica Iannotta, Danilo De Gregorio, Catia Giordano, Carmela Belardo, Rosaria Romano, Enza Palazzo, Maria A Scafuro, Nicola Serra, Vito de Novellis, Francesco Rossi, Sabatino Maione, Livio Luongo
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) represents a major public health problem, which is associated with neurological dysfunction. In severe or moderate cases of TBI, in addition to its high mortality rate, subjects may encounter diverse behavioral dysfunctions. Previous reports suggest that an association between TBI and chronic pain syndromes tends to be more common in patients with mild forms of brain injury. Despite causing minimal brain damage, mild TBI (mTBI) often leads to persistent psychologically debilitating symptoms, which can include anxiety, various forms of memory and learning deficits, and depression...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319479/brainstem-evoked-potential-indices-of-subcortical-auditory-processing-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
Kathy R Vander Werff, Brian Rieger
OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study was to assess subcortical auditory processing in individuals with chronic symptoms after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) by measuring auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) to standard click and complex speech stimuli. Consistent with reports in the literature of auditory problems after mTBI (despite normal-hearing thresholds), it was hypothesized that individuals with mTBI would have evidence of impaired neural encoding in the auditory brainstem compared to noninjured controls, as evidenced by delayed latencies and reduced amplitudes of ABR components...
March 17, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316248/assessing-the-impact-of-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-on-resting-state-function-networks-in-a-military-chronic-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-sample
#15
Dominic E Nathan, Julie F Bellgowan, Louis M French, Jonathan P Wolf, Terry Oakes, Jeannine B Mielke, Elyssa B Sham, Wei Liu, Gerard Riedy
The relationship between post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and chronic symptoms of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is difficult to discern and poorly understood. An accurate differential diagnosis, assessment and treatment of mTBI and PTSD is challenging due to significant symptom overlap and the absence of clearly established biomarkers. The objective of this work is to examine how post traumatic stress influences task-free brain networks in chronic mTBI subjects. Control subjects (N=44) were compared with chronic mTBI subjects with low (N=58, PCLC total<30), medium (N=124, PCLC total = 31-49) and high (N=105, PCLC total ≥ 60) post traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS)...
March 19, 2017: Brain Connectivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296510/multidisciplinary-outpatient-treatment-in-patients-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-randomised-controlled-intervention-study
#16
Eirik Vikane, Torgeir Hellstrøm, Cecilie Røe, Erik Bautz-Holter, Jörg Aßmus, Jan Sture Skouen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of a multidisciplinary outpatient follow-up programme compared to follow-up by a general practitioner for patients being at-risk or sick-listed with persistent post-concussion symptoms two months after a mild traumatic brain injury. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. PATIENTS: One hundred fifty-one patients, 16-56 years. METHODS: Multidisciplinary outpatient rehabilitation with individual contacts and a psycho-educational group intervention at two outpatient rehabilitation clinics compared to follow-up by a general practitioner after the multidisciplinary examination...
2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291783/oesophageal-heat-exchangers-with-a-diameter-of-11mm-or-14-7mm-are-equally-effective-and-safe-for-targeted-temperature-management
#17
Daniel C Schroeder, Maria Guschlbauer, Alexandra C Maul, Daniel A Cremer, Ingrid Becker, David de la Puente Bethencourt, Peter Paal, Stephan A Padosch, Wolfgang A Wetsch, Thorsten Annecke, Bernd W Böttiger, Anja Sterner-Kock, Holger Herff
BACKGROUND: Targeted temperature management (TTM) is widely used in critical care settings for conditions including hepatic encephalopathy, hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, meningitis, myocardial infarction, paediatric cardiac arrest, spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury, ischemic stroke and sepsis. Furthermore, TTM is a key treatment for patients after out-of-hospital cardiac-arrest (OHCA). However, the optimal cooling method, which is quick, safe and cost-effective still remains controversial...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291459/clinical-and-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopic-imaging-findings-in-veterans-with-blast-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#18
Anthony P Kontos, Anne C Van Cott, Jodilyn Roberts, Jullie W Pan, Monique B Kelly, Jamie McAllister-Deitrick, Hoby P Hetherington
OBJECTIVES: To compare magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) findings from the hippocampal regions of military veterans with blast-related mild traumatic brain injury (blast mTBI) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to those with PTSD only; and to examine the relationship of MRSI findings to cognitive and neuromotor impairment. METHODS: 35 military veterans-23 with blast mTBI and PTSD (blast mTBI/PTSD) and 12 with PTSD only participated in the study...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290939/susceptibility-weighted-imaging-and-white-matter-abnormality-findings-in-service-members-with-persistent-cognitive-symptoms-following-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
David F Tate, Maria Gusman, Jonathan Kini, Matthew Reid, Carmen S Velez, Ann Marie Drennon, Douglas B Cooper, Jan E Kennedy, Amy O Bowles, Erin D Bigler, Jeffrey D Lewis, John Ritter, Gerald E York
Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a major health concern among active duty service members and Veterans returning from combat operations, and it can result in variable clinical and cognitive outcomes. Identifying biomarkers that can improve diagnosis and prognostication has been at the forefront of recent research efforts. The purpose of this study was to compare the sensitivity and specificity of abnormalities identified using more traditional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences such as fluid attenuation inversion recovery (FLAIR) to more advanced MRI sequences such as susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) among a cohort of active duty service members experiencing persistent cognitive symptoms after mTBI...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290938/postconcussive-symptoms-ptsd-and-medical-disease-burden-in-treatment-seeking-oef-oif-ond-veterans
#20
Joah L Williams, Meghan E McDevitt-Murphy, James G Murphy, Ellen M Crouse
INTRODUCTION: The most common psychological and cognitive sequelae associated with deployments to Afghanistan (Operation Enduring Freedom) and Iraq (Operation Iraqi Freedom) are mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). High rates of PTSD are often observed among Veterans with a history of mTBI, and persistent postconcussive symptoms commonly endorsed after mTBI are known to be associated with PTSD. Therefore, this study examined whether PTSD mediates relations between postconcussive symptoms and 2 indices of medical disease burden: 1) the number of disease categories positive for a diagnosis, or system disease burden, and 2) total number of physical diagnoses, or cumulative disease burden...
March 2017: Military Medicine
keyword
keyword
14082
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"