keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Medical terminology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428673/migrant-general-practitioners-experiences-of-using-interpreters-in-health-care-a-qualitative-explorative-study
#1
Ferid Krupic, Kristian Samuelsson, Nabi Fatahi, Olof Skoldenberg, Arkan S Sayed-Noor
BACKGROUND: According to the UNHCR, 250 million people currently live outside their country of birth. The growing multicultural population poses a major challenge to healthcare professionals who aim to provide individualized, holistic care, which respects the individual's autonomy. To ensure basic rights, healthcare interventions should be guided by the value of benefiting others; individuals should be treated honestly, equally, and impartially. OBJECTIVE: To investigate immigrant doctors' experiences of using interpreters in the Swedish health-care system...
February 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427874/factors-that-increase-the-risk-of-infection-after-elbow-arthroscopy-analysis-of-patient-demographics-medical-comorbidities-and-steroid-injections-in-2-704-medicare-patients
#2
Christopher L Camp, Jourdan M Cancienne, Ryan M Degen, Joshua S Dines, David W Altchek, Brian C Werner
PURPOSE: To use a national database to determine (1) the incidence of joint infection after elbow arthroscopy, (2) identify independent patient-related risk factors for infection, and (3) determine the influence of concomitant intra-articular corticosteroid injection on infection risk. METHODS: The 100% Medicare Standard Analytic Files were queried to identify patients who underwent elbow arthroscopy from 2005 to 2012. Postoperative elbow infections occurring within 6 months of surgery were identified using both International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision codes for postoperative infection and Current Procedural Terminology codes for the surgical treatment of a postoperative infection...
April 17, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423847/acquisition-of-expert-non-expert-vocabulary-from-reformulations
#3
Edwige Antoine, Natalia Grabar
Technical medical terms are complicated to be correctly understood by non-experts. Vocabulary, associating technical terms with layman expressions, can help in increasing the readability of technical texts and their understanding. The purpose of our work is to build this kind of vocabulary. We propose to exploit the notion of reformulation following two methods: extraction of abbreviations and of reformulations with specific markers. The segments associated thanks to these methods are aligned with medical terminologies...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423844/identifying-emerging-trends-in-medical-informatics-a-synthesis-approach
#4
Yasmin Van Kasteren, Patricia A H Williams, Anthony Maeder
Medical informatics is a young and rapidly evolving field, influenced by and impacting on many different knowledge domains. Recent contributions on scoping the associated body of knowledge are confounded both by variations in popular use of terminology for established areas, and by the advent of new areas without yet established terminology. Determining the scope of a topic through online bibliographic search filters is a well-established approach in scientific research and has been developed as a human-directed task...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423834/communication-of-children-symptoms-in-emergency-classification-of-the-terminology
#5
Jessica Rochat, Johan Siebert, Annick Galetto, Christian Lovis, Frédéric Ehrler
The significant part of non-urgent visits to the emergency highlight the necessity to advise people on the actions to take according to their symptoms. Although information sources are accessible through different channels their content often employs medical terminologies that are difficult to understand by laypersons. Our goal is to provide a terminology of the most common symptoms in pediatric emergency adapted to laypersons. This terminology is organized in a hierarchy by the mean of a card-sorting study...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423790/improving-terminology-mapping-in-clinical-text-with-context-sensitive-spelling-correction
#6
Juliusz Dziadek, Aron Henriksson, Martin Duneld
The mapping of unstructured clinical text to an ontology facilitates meaningful secondary use of health records but is non-trivial due to lexical variation and the abundance of misspellings in hurriedly produced notes. Here, we apply several spelling correction methods to Swedish medical text and evaluate their impact on SNOMED CT mapping; first in a controlled evaluation using medical literature text with induced errors, followed by a partial evaluation on clinical notes. It is shown that the best-performing method is context-sensitive, taking into account trigram frequencies and utilizing a corpus-based dictionary...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423768/evaluation-of-the-terminology-coverage-in-the-french-corpus-lissa
#7
Chloé Cabot, Lina F Soualmia, Julien Grosjean, Nicolas Griffon, Stéfan J Darmoni
Extracting concepts from medical texts is a key to support many advanced applications in medical information retrieval. Entity recognition in French texts is moreover challenged by the availability of many resources originally developed for English texts. This paper proposes an evaluation of the terminology coverage in a corpus of 50,000 French articles extracted from the bibliographic database LiSSa. This corpus was automatically indexed with 32 health terminologies, published in French or translated. Then, the terminologies providing the best coverage of these documents were determined...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418117/articulating-the-ideal-50-years-of-interprofessional-collaboration-in-medical-education
#8
Elise Paradis, Mandy Pipher, Carrie Cartmill, J Cristian Rangel, Cynthia R Whitehead
CONTEXT: Health care delivery and the education of clinicians have changed immensely since the creation of the journal Medical Education. In this project, we seek to answer the following three questions: How has the concept of collaboration changed over the past 50 years in Medical Education? Have the participants involved in collaboration shifted over time? Has the idea of collaboration itself been transformed over the past 50 years? METHODS: Starting from a constructionist view of scientific discourse, we used directed content analysis to sample, code and analyse 144 collaboration-related articles over the 50-year life span of Medical Education...
April 18, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399716/the-lgbtqi-health-forum-an-innovative-interprofessional-initiative-to-support-curriculum-reform
#9
Hannan M Braun, David Ramirez, Greg J Zahner, Eva Mae Gillis-Buck, Heather Sheriff, Marcus Ferrone
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and intersex (LGBTQI) individuals continue to face barriers to accessing appropriate and comprehensive healthcare. Compounding this problem, healthcare trainees report few training opportunities and low levels of preparedness to care for LGBTQI patients. In 2009, an interprofessional group of students and a faculty advisor at the University of California, San Francisco, developed a novel student-organized LGBTQI Health Forum for medical, dental, pharmacy, nursing, and physical therapy students to deliver LGBTQI health content that was otherwise absent from the formal curriculum...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398932/brachial-arterial-pressure-monitoring-during-cardiac-surgery-rarely-causes-complications
#10
Asha Singh, Bobby Bahadorani, Brett J Wakefield, Natalya Makarova, Priya A Kumar, Michael Zhen-Yu Tong, Daniel I Sessler, Andra E Duncan
BACKGROUND: Brachial arterial catheters better estimate aortic pressure than radial arterial catheters but are used infrequently because complications in a major artery without collateral flow are potentially serious. However, the extent to which brachial artery cannulation promotes complications remains unknown. The authors thus evaluated a large cohort of cardiac surgical patients to estimate the incidence of related serious complications. METHODS: The institutional Society of Thoracic Surgeons Adult Cardiac Surgery Database and Perioperative Health Documentation System Registry of the Cleveland Clinic were used to identify patients who had brachial artery cannulation between 2007 and 2015...
April 10, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393995/-euthanasia-in-chile
#11
Víctor Hugo Carrasco M, Francisca Crispi
Euthanasia is a complex medical procedure. Even though end of life decisions are common situations in health practice, there is a lack of consensus about their terminology. In this manuscript, the main concepts about this issue are defined and delimited; including active and passive euthanasia and limitation of therapeutic effort. Then, a revision is made about the international experience on euthanasia, to then go through the Chile’s history in euthanasia and the population’s opinion. In Chile, euthanasia is an act that has been removed from the social dialogue and legislation...
December 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392115/small-calibre-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-sc-pcnl-therapeutic-decision-algorithm
#12
J H Amón Sesmero, M Cepeda Delgado, B de la Cruz Martín, J A Mainez Rodriguez, D Alonso Fernández, V Rodriguez Tesedo, D A Martín Way, J Gutiérrez Aceves
INTRODUCTION: The progressive reduction in the calibre of the tract in percutaneous kidney surgery to the point of miniaturisation has expanded its use to smaller stones that until now have been treated with extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) and retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS). OBJECTIVE: To provide an update on the various techniques of small-calibre nephrolithotomy (SC-PCNL) analyse their efficacy, safety and indications and determine their degree of implantation at this time...
April 6, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382847/gender-identity-and-the-management-of-the-transgender-patient-a-guide-for-non-specialists
#13
REVIEW
Albert Joseph, Charlotte Cliffe, Miriam Hillyard, Azeem Majeed
In this review, we introduce the topic of transgender medicine, aimed at the non-specialist clinician working in the UK. Appropriate terminology is provided alongside practical advice on how to appropriately care for transgender people. We offer a brief theoretical discussion on transgenderism and consider how it relates to broader understandings of both gender and disease. In respect to epidemiology, while it is difficult to assess the exact size of the transgender population in the UK, population surveys suggest a prevalence of between 0...
April 2017: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382198/adverse-drug-reactions-in-therapeutic-hypothermia-after-cardiac-arrest
#14
Robert Witcher, Amy L Dzierba, Catherine Kim, Pamela L Smithburger, Sandra L Kane-Gill
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) improves survival and neurologic function in comatose survivors of cardiac arrest. Many medications used to support TH have altered pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics during this treatment. It is unknown if or at what frequency the medications used during TH cause adverse drug reactions (ADRs). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) after cardiac arrest and treated with TH from January 2009 to June 2012 at two urban, university-affiliated, tertiary-care medical centres...
March 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379377/eliie-an-open-source-information-extraction-system-for-clinical-trial-eligibility-criteria
#15
Tian Kang, Shaodian Zhang, Youlan Tang, Gregory W Hruby, Alexander Rusanov, Noémie Elhadad, Chunhua Weng
Objective: To develop an open-source information extraction system called Eli gibility Criteria I nformation E xtraction (EliIE) for parsing and formalizing free-text clinical research eligibility criteria (EC) following Observational Medical Outcomes Partnership Common Data Model (OMOP CDM) version 5.0. Materials and Methods: EliIE parses EC in 4 steps: (1) clinical entity and attribute recognition, (2) negation detection, (3) relation extraction, and (4) concept normalization and output structuring...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368529/understanding-united-states-investigational-device-exemption-studies-clinical-relevance-and-importance-for-healthcare-economics
#16
Jared D Ament, Scott Mollan, Krista Greenan, Tamar Binyamin, Kee D Kim
INTRODUCTION: The US Food and Drug Administration allows a previously unapproved device to be used clinically to collect safety and effectiveness data under their Investigational Device Exemption (IDE) category. The process usually falls under 3 different trial categories: noninferiority, equivalency, and superiority. To confidently inform our patients, understanding the basic concepts of these trials is paramount. The purpose of this manuscript was to provide a comprehensive review of these topics using recently published IDE trials and economic analyses of cervical total disc replacement as illustrative examples...
March 28, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364831/using-local-language-syndromic-terminology-in-participatory-epidemiology-lessons-for-one-health-practitioners-among-the-maasai-of-ngorongoro-tanzania
#17
Kevin Queenan, Peter Mangesho, Moses Ole-Neselle, Esron Karimuribo, Mark Rweyemamu, Richard Kock, Barbara Häsler
Pastoralists and agro-pastoralists often occupy remote and hostile environments, which lack infrastructure and capacity in human and veterinary healthcare and disease surveillance systems. Participatory epidemiology (PE) and Participatory Disease Surveillance (PDS) are particularly useful in situations of resource scarcity, where conventional diagnostics and surveillance data of disease prevalence may be intermittent or limited. Livestock keepers, when participating in PE studies about health issues, commonly use their local language terms, which are often syndromic and descriptive in nature...
April 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357824/identifying-and-acting-on-inappropriate-metadata-a-critique-of-the-grattan-institute-report-on-questionable-care-in-australian-hospitals
#18
P David Cooper, David R Smart
INTRODUCTION: In an era of ever-increasing medical costs, the identification and prohibition of ineffective medical therapies is of considerable economic interest to healthcare funding bodies. Likewise, the avoidance of interventions with an unduly elevated clinical risk/benefit ratio would be similarly advantageous for patients. Regrettably, the identification of such therapies has proven problematic. A recent paper from the Grattan Institute in Australia (identifying five hospital procedures as having the potential for disinvestment on these grounds) serves as a timely illustration of the difficulties inherent in non-clinicians attempting to accurately recognize such interventions using non-clinical, indirect or poorly validated datasets...
March 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346656/7-year-follow-up-after-stereotactic-ablative-radiotherapy-for-patients-with-stage-i-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-results-of-a-phase-2-clinical-trial
#19
Bing Sun, Eric D Brooks, Ritsuko U Komaki, Zhongxing Liao, Melenda D Jeter, Mary F McAleer, Pamela K Allen, Peter A Balter, James D Welsh, Michael S O'Reilly, Daniel Gomez, Stephen M Hahn, Jack A Roth, Reza J Mehran, John V Heymach, Joe Y Chang
BACKGROUND: The authors evaluated the efficacy, patterns of failure, and toxicity of stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) for patients with medically inoperable, clinical stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in a prospective clinical trial with 7 years of follow-up. Clinical staging was performed according to the seventh edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer TNM staging system. METHODS: Eligible patients with histologically confirmed NSCLC of clinical stage I as determined using positron emission tomography staging were treated with SABR (50 grays in 4 fractions)...
March 27, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344740/orchard-sports-injury-classification-system-10-1-plus-an-end-user-study
#20
Ashley K Crossway, Kenneth E Games, Lindsey E Eberman, Neil Fleming
The purpose of this study was to establish the level of ease of use and effectiveness of the Orchard Sport Injury Classification System (OSICS) 10.1 Plus for recording injuries and interventions. Three hundred and forty-two (males=148, females=192, no response=2; age=30.9±9.5y; experience=9.1±10.5y) athletic trainers (ATs) in the United States completed the survey. Participants were primarily employed in the secondary school (n=135) or collegiate setting (n=171). Participants entered system includes the OSICS 10...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
keyword
keyword
14072
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"