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Medical terminology

Philip van Damme, Manuel Quesada-Martínez, Ronald Cornet, Jesualdo Tomás Fernández-Breis
Ontologies and terminologies have been identified as key resources for the achievement of semantic interoperability in biomedical domains. The development of ontologies is performed as a joint work by domain experts and knowledge engineers. The maintenance and auditing of these resources is also the responsibility of such experts, and this is usually a time-consuming, mostly manual task. Manual auditing is impractical and ineffective for most biomedical ontologies, especially for larger ones. An example is SNOMED CT, a key resource in many countries for codifying medical information...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
Amir H Taghinia, Joseph Upton
Vascular anomalies encompass a wide variety of clinical conditions involving the vasculature. Over the past several decades, the terminology has changed as our understanding of these conditions has improved. A well-accepted classification scheme has evolved with constant additions, updates, and revisions. Imaging techniques have also advanced with greater resolution and a better understanding of the correlation between imaging, clinical behavior, and natural history. Meanwhile, the treatment of these conditions has also changed, with greater focus on minimally invasive techniques as opposed to radical surgery...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
Elena Tutubalina, Zulfat Miftahutdinov, Sergey Nikolenko, Valentin Malykh
Text mining of scientific libraries and social media has already proven itself as a reliable tool for drug repurposing and hypothesis generation. The task of mapping a disease mention to a concept in a controlled vocabulary, typically to the standard thesaurus in the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS), is known as medical concept normalization. This task is challenging due to the differences in the use of medical terminology between health care professionals and social media texts coming from the lay public...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
Sang Joon An, Mi Sook Seo, Soo Il Choi, Tae-Ha Lim, So Jin Shin, Keum Nae Kang, Young Uk Kim
One of the major causes of lumbar spinal canal stenosis (LSCS) has been considered facet joint hypertrophy (FJH). However, a previous study asserted that "FJH" is a misnomer because common facet joints are no smaller than degenerative facet joints; however, this hypothesis has not been effectively demonstrated. Therefore, in order to verify that FJH is a misnomer in patients with LSCS, we devised new morphological parameters that we called facet joint thickness (FJT) and facet joint cross-sectional area (FJA)...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Christopher W Towe, Michael A Nead, Otis B Rickman, Erik E Folch, Sandeep J Khandhar, Yaron Perry, Philip A Linden
BACKGROUND: Electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy (ENB) aids in the localization of lung lesions for biopsy and/or to guide fiducial or dye marking for stereotactic radiation or surgical localization. This study assessed ENB safety in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and/or poor lung function. METHODS: NAVIGATE is a prospective, multicenter, observational study of ENB. This substudy analyzed the 1-month follow-up of the first 1000 enrolled subjects...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
Joana M Barros, Jim Duggan, Dietrich Rebholz-Schuhmann
BACKGROUND: In recent years, Twitter has been applied to monitor diseases through its facility to monitor users' comments and concerns in real-time. The analysis of tweets for disease mentions should reflect not only user specific concerns but also disease outbreaks. This requires the use of standard terminological resources and can be focused on selected geographic locations. In our study, we differentiate between hospital and airport locations to better distinguish disease outbreaks from background mentions of disease concerns...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Semantics
Nicolas Paris, Michael Mendis, Christel Daniel, Shawn Murphy, Xavier Tannier, Pierre Zweigenbaum
Integrating Biology and the Bedside (i2b2) is the de-facto open-source medical tool for cohort discovery. Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources (FHIR) is a new standard for exchanging health care information electronically. Substitutable Modular third-party Applications (SMART) defines the SMART-on-FHIR specification on how applications shall interface with Electronic Health Records (EHR) through FHIR. Related work made it possible to produce FHIR from an i2b2 instance or made i2b2 able to store FHIR datasets...
2018: AMIA Summits on Translational Science Proceedings
Tasneem F Hasan, Walter Duarte, Oluwaseun O Akinduro, Eric D Goldstein, Rebecca Hurst, Neil Haranhalli, David A Miller, Robert E Wharen, Rabih G Tawk, William D Freeman
BACKGROUND: Acute aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a medical and neurosurgical emergency from ruptured brain aneurysm. Aneurysmal SAH is identified on brain computed tomography (CT) as increased density of basal cisterns and subarachnoid spaces from acute blood products. Aneurysmal SAH-like pattern on CT appears as an optical illusion effect of hypodense brain parenchyma and/or hyperdense surrounding cerebral cisterns and blood vessels termed as "pseudo-subarachnoid hemorrhage" (pseudo-SAH)...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Yakov Flaumenhaft, Ofir Ben-Assuli
Personal health records (PHR) have been endorsed as a promising tool for the self-management of an individual's medical information, affording benefits to both the individual patient and the healthcare system as a whole. Nevertheless, adoption rates have been relatively slow and widespread acceptance has yet to be achieved. A significant obstacle often cited as delaying the implementation of these systems has been concern regarding the ability to properly ensure the security and privacy of this sensitive information...
May 14, 2018: Health Policy
Olena M Bieliaieva, Valentyna H Synytsia, Yuliia V Lysanets
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The present paper examines the prevalence and role of eponymic terms in the Latin and English pharmaceutical terminologies. The aim: The authors aim to conduct the quantitative, structural and lexico-semantic analysis of the names of medications with the proprial component. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The research material in the amount of 147 units was obtained by the continuous sampling from the dictionaries, guidebooks and manuals on prescription-writing using the narrative and component analysis methods, by means of which the arrangement, systematization, classification and interpretation of the structural, semantic and functional features of the units under consideration have been conducted...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Robert Flatman
Harmonization initiatives in laboratory medicine seek to eliminate or reduce illogical variations in service to patients, clinicians and other healthcare professionals. Significant effort will be required to achieve consistent application of terminology, units and reporting across laboratory testing providers. Current variations in practice for nomenclature, reference intervals, flagging, units, standardization and traceability between analytical methods, and presentation of cumulative result data are inefficient and inconvenient, or worse yet, patient safety risks...
June 8, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
Emily J Steel
Reforms to Australia's disability and rehabilitation sectors have espoused the potential of assistive technology as an enabler. As new insurance systems are being developed it is timely to examine the structure of existing systems. This exploratory study examined the policies guiding assistive technology provision in the motor accident insurance sector of one Australian state. METHODS: Policy documents were analyzed iteratively with set of qualitative questions to understand the intent and interpretation of policies guiding assistive technology provision...
June 8, 2018: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
B Flynn, M Barrett, J Sui, C Halpin, G Paz, D Walsh
BACKGROUND: Cancer cachexia is a multifactorial syndrome characterised by a progressive loss of skeletal muscle mass. It adversely influences quality of life, treatment response and survival. Early identification and multimodal interventions can potentially treat cancer cachexia. However, healthcare professionals demonstrate a lack of understanding and the ability to identify cancer cachexia early. The present study aimed to evaluate the assessment by physicians of nutritional status in cancer patients admitted to hospice...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
Shanaya Rathod, Muhammad Irfan, Rachna Bhargava, Narsimha Pinninti, Joseph Scott, Haifa Mohammad Algahtani, Zhihua Guo, Rishab Gupta, Pallavi Nadkarni, Farooq Naeem, Fleur Howells, Katherine Sorsdahi, Kerensa Thorne, Victoria Osman-Hicks, Sasee Pallikadavath, Peter Phiri, Hannah Carr, Lizi Graves, David Kingdon
AIM: The aim of this study was to inform thinking around the terminology for 'schizophrenia' in different countries. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate: (1) whether medical students view alternative terminology (psychosis subgroups), derived from vulnerability-stress models of schizophrenia, as acceptable and less stigmatising than the term schizophrenia; (2) if there are differences in attitudes to the different terminology across countries with different cultures and (3) whether clinical training has an impact in reducing stigma...
June 7, 2018: BMJ Open
Robert Jakob
In addition to medical innovations, the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) addresses the changing needs of digitized healthcare systems. This article describes the concept and developmental structure of the ICD-11.The new technical structure of the ICD-11 allows for a considerably simplified use of the classification and at the same time significantly improves the ability to record individual health conditions at the desired level of detail. The integration of the entire contents and structural information of the ICD-11 in an ontologically organized all-encompassing structure, the so called "foundation", in combination with the connected online platforms is a step into the future...
June 5, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
Bjorg Thorsteinsdottir, LaTonya J Hickson, Priya Ramar, Megan Reinalda, Nicholas W Krueger, Cynthia S Crowson, Andrew D Rule, Paul Y Takahashi, Rajeev Chaudhry, Sidna M Tulledge-Scheitel, Jon C Tilburt, Amy W Williams, Robert C Albright, Sarah K Meier, Nilay D Shah
Routine preventive cancer screening is not recommended for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) due to their limited life expectancy. The current extent of cancer screening in this population is unknown. Primary care (PC) reminder systems or performance incentives may encourage indiscriminate cancer screening. We compared rates of cancer screening in patients with ESRD, with and without PC visits. This is a retrospective cohort study using United States Renal Data System (USRDS) billing data and electronic medical record data...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
Ling Wang, Shannon Yarosz, Hosain Aghamoosa, Zachary Grinspan, Anup D Patel
An infantile spasm is a brief seizure type that is characteristic of West syndrome. Many infants present with infantile spasms between 3-12 months of age. Early diagnosis and proper treatment of patients with infantile spasms can lead to improved clinical outcomes. However, proper identification of these patients using claims data with validation has not been performed. The authors developed and tested several algorithms using claims data. Claims data consisted of using International Classification of Disease (ICD), Current Procedural Terminology (CPT), and prescription codes...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
Thomas Ly, Carol Pamer, Oanh Dang, Sonja Brajovic, Shahrukh Haider, Taxiarchis Botsis, David Milward, Andrew Winter, Susan Lu, Robert Ball
INTRODUCTION: The FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) is a primary data source for identifying unlabeled adverse events (AEs) in a drug or biologic drug product's postmarketing phase. Many AE reports must be reviewed by drug safety experts to identify unlabeled AEs, even if the reported AEs are previously identified, labeled AEs. Integrating the labeling status of drug product AEs into FAERS could increase report triage and review efficiency. Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities (MedDRA) is the standard for coding AE terms in FAERS cases...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
Sheri L Robb, Deanna Hanson-Abromeit, Lindsey May, Eugenia Hernandez-Ruiz, Megan Allison, Alyssa Beloat, Sarah Daugherty, Rebecca Kurtz, Alyssa Ott, Oladele Oladimeji Oyedele, Shelbi Polasik, Allison Rager, Jamie Rifkin, Emily Wolf
INTRODUCTION: Concomitant with the growth of music intervention research, are concerns about inadequate intervention reporting and inconsistent terminology, which limits validity, replicability, and clinical application of findings. OBJECTIVE: Examine reporting quality of music intervention research, in chronic and acute medical settings, using the Checklist for Reporting Music-based Interventions. In addition, describe patient populations and primary outcomes, intervention content and corresponding interventionist qualifications, and terminology...
June 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Raissa Villanueva, Bruce H Cohen
Medical coding is highly technical, and proper use of both Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) and the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM) is difficult because of the considerable detail of the code definitions, the changes implemented yearly, and the vast change a few years ago with the transition to ICD-10-CM. Although basic office visit and hospital visit Evaluation and Management (E/M) codes have not changed in decades, new cognitive care codes have been added to the cognitive codes that fall under E/M...
June 2018: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
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