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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676143/-prescription-annotations-in-welfare-pharmacy
#1
Yi Han
Welfare Pharmacy contains medical formulas documented by the government and official prescriptions used by the official pharmacy in the pharmaceutical process. In the last years of Southern Song Dynasty, anonyms gave a lot of prescription annotations, made textual researches for the name, source, composition and origin of the prescriptions, and supplemented important historical data of medical cases and researched historical facts. The annotations of Welfare Pharmacy gathered the essence of medical theory, and can be used as precious materials to correctly understand the syndrome differentiation, compatibility regularity and clinical application of prescriptions...
March 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674800/olanzapine-versus-aprepitant-for-the-prophylaxis-of-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-in-breast-cancer-patients-receiving-doxorubicin-cyclophosphamide-regimen-a-prospective-nonrandomized-open-label-study
#2
G Shivaprakash, Karthik S Udupa, V Sarayu, Joseph Thomas, Vishal Gupta, L C Pallavi, Sudhakar Pemminati
OBJECTIVE: Despite the guideline-directed therapy, complete absence of nausea was noted only in 33% of breast cancer patients on anthracycline-cyclophosphamide regimen. Hence, we sought to compare the efficacy of aprepitant (APT) versus olanzapine (OLP) in preventing chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) in breast cancer patients on doxorubicin-cyclophosphamide regimen. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective, open-label, nonrandomized study was conducted at the Department of Oncology...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668785/accuracy-and-completeness-of-records-of-adverse-events-through-interface-terminology
#3
Maribel González-Samartino, Pilar Delgado-Hito, Jordi Adamuz-Tomás, Maria Fe Viso Cano, Mònica Castellà Creus, María-Eulàlia Juvé-Udina
OBJECTIVE: To determine what adverse events, including pressure ulcers, infection of the surgical site and aspiration pneumonia, nurses record in clinical histories, in terms of diagnostic accuracy and completeness, through ATIC. METHOD: Observational, descriptive, cross-sectional, multicenter study of 64 medical-surgical and semi-critical units of two university hospitals in Catalonia, Spain, during 2015. The diagnostic accuracy was assessed by means of the correspondence between the event declared in the Minimum Basic Data Set and the problem documented by the nurse...
2018: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664233/positive-predictive-value-of-a-register-based-algorithm-using-the-danish-national-registries-to-identify-suicidal-events
#4
Christiane Gasse, Andreas Aalkjaer Danielsen, Marianne Giørtz Pedersen, Carsten Bøcker Pedersen, Ole Mors, Jakob Christensen
PURPOSE: It is not possible to fully assess intention of self-harm and suicidal events using information from administrative databases. We conducted a validation study of intention of suicide attempts/self-harm contacts identified by a commonly applied Danish register-based algorithm (DK-algorithm) based on hospital discharge diagnosis and emergency room contacts. METHODS: Of all 101 530 people identified with an incident suicide attempt/self-harm contact at Danish hospitals between 1995 and 2012 using the DK-algorithm, we selected a random sample of 475 people...
April 17, 2018: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662687/efficacy-of-percutaneous-transhepatic-portal-vein-embolization-using-gelatin-sponge-particles-and-metal-coils
#5
Tomohiro Komada, Kojiro Suzuki, Takashi Mizuno, Tomoki Ebata, Masaya Matsushima, Shinji Naganawa, Masato Nagino
Background: Percutaneous transhepatic portal vein embolization (PTPE) can increase the future liver remnant (FLR) volume before extended liver resection; however, there is no current consensus regarding the best embolic material for PTPE. Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of PTPE using gelatin sponge particles and coils. Material and Methods: The medical records of 136 patients who underwent PTPE using gelatin sponge particles and metal coils were retrospectively reviewed...
April 2018: Acta Radiologica Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658980/relative-complications-and-trends-of-outpatient-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#6
Armin Arshi, Natalie L Leong, Christopher Wang, Zorica Buser, Jeffrey C Wang, Peter S Vezeridis, David R McAllister, Frank A Petrigliano
Outpatient arthroplasty is an appealing option among select patient populations as a mechanism for reducing health care expenditure. The purpose of this study was to determine the nationwide trends and complication profile of outpatient total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA). The authors reviewed a national administrative claims database to identify patients undergoing TSA as outpatients and inpatients from 2007 to 2016. The incidence of perioperative surgical and medical complications was determined by querying for relevant International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, and Current Procedural Terminology codes...
April 16, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624099/use-of-electronic-health-records-to-characterize-a-rare-disease-in-the-usa-treatment-comorbidities-and-follow-up-trends-among-patients-with-a-confirmed-diagnosis-of-acromegaly
#7
Julie M Silverstein, Erin D Roe, Kashif M Munir, Janet L Fox, Birol Emir, Maria Kouznetsova, Lois E Lamerato, Donna King
Purpose Understanding of acromegaly disease management is hampered in the US by lack of a national registry. We describe medical management in a population with confirmed acromegaly. Methods Inpatient and outpatient Electronic Health Records (EHR) were used to create a database of de-identified patients assigned the Acromegaly and Gigantism ICD-9 code and/or an appropriate pituitary procedure code at one of four regional hospital systems over a 6-11 year period. Information regarding demographics, medical history, labs, procedures and medications was collected and supplemented with a chart review to validate the diagnosis of acromegaly...
April 6, 2018: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623107/intravesical-instillations-for-the-treatment-of-refractory-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections
#8
Sonia Dutta, Felicia Lane
Background: Treatment options for refractory recurrent urinary tract infections (UTI) are limited; therefore, we sought to determine if intravesical instillations with heparin effectively treat recurrent UTIs. Methods: Patients at an academic medical center who received intravesical instillations with heparin for recurrent UTIs/chronic cystitis between January 2011 and December 2015 were identified via International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) and Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) procedure codes...
May 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620013/the-2017-ilae-classification-of-seizure-types-and-the-epilepsies-what-do-people-with-epilepsy-and-their-caregivers-need-to-know
#9
Martin J Brodie, Sameer M Zuberi, Ingrid E Scheffer, Robert S Fisher
The International League against Epilepsy (ILAE) published in the April 2017 edition of Epilepsia three companion articles on the classification of seizures and the epilepsies. These represent a long-awaited update on the original 1981 and 1989 publications and provide a modern descriptive template. The new classification presents three levels of terminology, involving seizure types, epilepsy types, and syndromes. In this fourth paper, we present an interpretation of these new concepts for people with epilepsy and those who care for them, as well as for young medical doctors not specialized in epilepsy and nurses...
April 5, 2018: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615376/the-22-modifier-in-reimbursement-for-orthopedic-procedures-hip-arthroplasty-and-obesity-are-worth-the-effort
#10
Eric L Smith, David J Tybor, Hayley D Daniell, Laura A Naccarato, Mary E Pevear, Charles Cassidy
BACKGROUND: Orthopedic surgeons utilize the 22-modifier when billing for complex procedures under the American Medical Association's Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) for reasons such as excessive blood loss, anatomic abnormality, and morbid obesity, cases that would ideally be reimbursed at a higher rate to compensate for additional physician work and time. We investigated how the 22-modifier affects physician reimbursement in knee and hip arthroplasty. METHODS: We queried hospital billing data from 2009 to 2016, identifying all cases performed at our urban tertiary care orthopedic center for knee arthroplasty (CPT codes 27438, 27447, 27487, and 27488) and hip arthroplasty (CPT codes 27130, 27132, 27134, 27236)...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613930/operative-experience-during-orthopaedic-residency-compared-with-early-practice-in-the-u-s
#11
Jessica M Kohring, Michael O Bishop, Angela P Presson, John J Harrast, J Lawrence Marsh, Theodore W Parsons, Charles L Saltzman
BACKGROUND: The goal of surgical education is to prepare the trainee for independent practice; however, the relevance of the current residency experience to practice remains uncertain. The purpose of this study was to identify the surgical procedures most frequently performed in orthopaedic residency and in early surgical practice and to identify surgical procedures performed more often or less often in orthopaedic residency compared with early surgical practice. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included American Medical Association (AMA) Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes (n = 4,329,561 procedures) reported by all U...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605974/what-is-the-future-of-impedance-planimetry-in-gastroenterology
#12
REVIEW
Hans Gregersen, Kar Man Lo
The gastrointestinal (GI) tract is efficient in transporting ingested material to the site of delivery in healthy subjects. A fine balance exists between peristaltic forces, the mixing and delivery of the contents, and sensory signaling. This fine balance is easily disturbed by diseases. It is mandatory to understand the pathophysiology to enhance our understanding of GI disorders. The inaccessibility and complex nervous innervation, geometry and mechanical function of the GI tract make mechanosensory evaluation difficult...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602960/impact-of-same-session-trabectome-surgery-on-ahmed-glaucoma-valve-outcomes
#13
Hamed Esfandiari, Tarek Shazly, Priyal Shah, Kiana Hassanpour, Pooya Torkian, Mehdi Yaseri, Nils A Loewen
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and survival rates of same session ab interno trabeculectomy with the trabectome and Ahmed glaucoma valve implant (AT) in comparison to the Ahmed glaucoma valve alone (A). METHOD: A total of 107 eyes undergoing primary glaucoma surgery were enrolled in this retrospective comparative case series, including 48 eyes which underwent AT and 59 eyes which received A alone. Participants were identified using the procedural terminology codes, and their medical records were reviewed...
March 30, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602936/pharmaceutical-terms-with-onomastic-component-quantitative-structural-and-lexico-semantic-analysis
#14
Olena M Bieliaieva, Valentyna H Synytsia, Yuliia V Lysanets
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The present paper examines the prevalence and role of eponymic terms in the Latin and English pharmaceutical terminologies. The aim: The authors aim to conduct the quantitative, structural and lexico-semantic analysis of the names of medications with the proprial component. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The research material in the amount of 147 units was obtained by the continuous sampling from the dictionaries, guidebooks and manuals on prescription-writing using the narrative and component analysis methods, by means of which the arrangement, systematization, classification and interpretation of the structural, semantic and functional features of the units under consideration have been conducted...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602435/physician-nurse-care-a-new-use-of-umls-to-measure-professional-contribution-are-we-talking-about-the-same-patient-a-new-graph-matching-algorithm
#15
Andrew D Boyd, Karen Dunn Lopez, Camillo Lugaresi, Tamara Macieira, Vanessa Sousa, Sabita Acharya, Abhinaya Balasubramanian, Khawllah Roussi, Gail M Keenan, Yves A Lussier, Jianrong 'John' Li, Michel Burton, Barbara Di Eugenio
BACKGROUND: Physician and nurses have worked together for generations; however, their language and training are vastly different; comparing and contrasting their work and their joint impact on patient outcomes is difficult in light of this difference. At the same time, the EHR only includes the physician perspective via the physician-authored discharge summary, but not nurse documentation. Prior research in this area has focused on collaboration and the usage of similar terminology. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to gain insight into interprofessional care by developing a computational metric to identify similarities, related concepts and differences in physician and nurse work...
May 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599397/pharmacology-part-1-introduction-to-pharmaoclogy-and-pharmacodynamics
#16
Geoffrey M Currie
There is an emerging need for greater understanding of pharmacology principles amongst technical staff. Indeed, the responsibility of dose preparation and administration, under any level of supervision, demands foundation understanding of pharmacology. This is true for radiopharmaceuticals, contrast media and pharmaceutical interventions / adjunctive medications. Regulation around the same might suggest a need to embed pharmacology theory in undergraduate education programs and there is a need to disseminate that same foundation understanding to practicing clinicians...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596051/harmonization-initiatives-in-the-generation-reporting-and-application-of-biological-variation-data
#17
REVIEW
Aasne K Aarsand, Thomas Røraas, William A Bartlett, Abdurrahman Coşkun, Anna Carobene, Pilar Fernandez-Calle, Niels Jonker, Jorge Díaz-Garzón, Federica Braga, Sverre Sandberg
Biological variation (BV) data have many applications in laboratory medicine. However, concern has been raised that some BV estimates in use today may be irrelevant or of unacceptable quality. A number of initiatives have been launched by the European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EFLM) and other parties to deliver a more harmonized practice in the generation, reporting and application of BV data. Resulting from a necessary focus upon the veracity of historical BV studies, critical appraisal and meta-analysis of published BV studies is possible through application of the Biological Variation Data Critical Appraisal Checklist (BIVAC), published in 2017...
March 29, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589569/a-bibliometric-analysis-of-natural-language-processing-in-medical-research
#18
Xieling Chen, Haoran Xie, Fu Lee Wang, Ziqing Liu, Juan Xu, Tianyong Hao
BACKGROUND: Natural language processing (NLP) has become an increasingly significant role in advancing medicine. Rich research achievements of NLP methods and applications for medical information processing are available. It is of great significance to conduct a deep analysis to understand the recent development of NLP-empowered medical research field. However, limited study examining the research status of this field could be found. Therefore, this study aims to quantitatively assess the academic output of NLP in medical research field...
March 22, 2018: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582674/current-procedural-terminology-coding-for-surgical-pathology-a-review-and-one-academic-center-s-experience-with-pathologist-verified-coding
#19
Audrey Deeken-Draisey, Allison Ritchie, Guang-Yu Yang, Margaret Quinn, Linda M Ernst, Ajda Guttormsen, Gyongyi Ella Simionov, Kruti P Maniar
CONTEXT: - The Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) system is a standardized numerical coding system for reporting medical procedures and services, and is the basis for reimbursement of health care providers by Medicare and other third-party payers. Accurate CPT coding is therefore crucial for appropriate compensation as well as for compliance with Medicare policies, and erroneous coding may result in loss of revenues and/or significant monetary penalties for a hospital or practice. OBJECTIVE: - To provide a review of the history, current state, and basic principles of CPT coding, in particular as it applies to the practice of surgical pathology, and to present our experience with initiating a new system of pathologist involvement in the review and verification of CPT codes, including the most common codes that require modification in our practice at the time of sign-out or post-sign-out auditing...
March 27, 2018: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580046/initial-clinical-outcomes-of-proton-beam-radiotherapy-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#20
Jeong Il Yu, Gyu Sang Yoo, Sungkoo Cho, Sang Hoon Jung, Youngyih Han, Seyjoon Park, Boram Lee, Wonseok Kang, Dong Hyun Sinn, Yong-Han Paik, Geum-Youn Gwak, Moon Seok Choi, Joon Hyeok Lee, Kwang Cheol Koh, Seung Woon Paik, Hee Chul Park
Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the initial outcomes of proton beam therapy (PBT) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in terms of tumor response and safety. Materials and Methods: HCC patients who were not indicated for standard curative local modalities and who were treated with PBT at Samsung Medical Center from January 2016 to February 2017 were enrolled. Toxicity was scored using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0. Tumor response was evaluated using modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (mRECIST)...
March 29, 2018: Radiation Oncology Journal
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