keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Medical terminology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821982/discussing-euthanasia-in-two-german-states-scientific-terminology-and-public-discourse-in-the-german-democratic-republic-and-the-federal-republic-of-germany
#1
Hartmut Bettin, Andreas Nowak, Maria Gracia Roccia, Sabine Salloch
Discussions on euthanasia ("Sterbehilfe") that took place in the German Democratic Republic (GDR) have remained widely unnoticed by the historical sciences. By referring to various publications dating from the 1950s until today, this paper presents the basic ideas of the debate on euthanasia in the GDR and compares them-partly synchronically, partly diachronically-with the situation in the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG). A special focus is placed on positions and terminology related to medical ethics at the end of life in the former two German states...
August 18, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818305/treatment-of-the-ventral-intermediate-nucleus-for-medically-refractory-tremor-a-cost-analysis-of-stereotactic-radiosurgery-versus-deep-brain-stimulation
#2
Shearwood McClelland, Jerry J Jaboin
INTRODUCTION: Medically refractory tremor treatment has evolved over the past half-century from intraoperative thalamotomy to deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the thalamic ventral intermediate nucleus (VIM). Within the past 15years, unilateral radiosurgical VIM thalamotomy has emerged as a comparably efficacious treatment modality. METHODS: An extensive literature search of VIM DBS series was performed; the total cost of VIM DBS was calculated from hospitals geographically representative of the entire United States using current procedural terminology and work relative value unit (RVU) codes...
August 14, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814701/-byoin-in-modern-japan-focusing-on-the-terminological-introduction-of-hospital-and-the-complex-formation-of-its-concept
#3
Youngsoo Kim
This paper aims to clarify when the term of Byoin (hospital) was introduced and how its concept was developed in modern Japan. The word "Byoin" was introduced in Japan in 1787 for the first time, but it had not been in use until early 1860s. Instead, various medical institutions performing the functions of modern medical facilities, such as Yojosho (A place for preserving health), Shijuku (private school), called by traditional names as ever. Japanese intellectuals already adopted the word Byoin and the concept of western hospital in early 1860s when their national delegates were dispatched to Europe to revise the treaties forged with western powers...
April 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811987/early-complications-and-outcomes-in-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery-an-nsqip-study-based-on-5803-patients
#4
Nathan J Lee, Parth Kothari, Jun S Kim, John I Shin, Kevin Phan, John Di Capua, Sulaiman Somani, Dante M Leven, Javier Z Guzman, Samuel K Cho
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine the incidence, impact, and risk factors for short-term postoperative complications following elective adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery. METHODS: Current Procedural Terminology codes were used to query the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) for adults who underwent spinal deformity surgery from 2010 to 2014...
August 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811061/surgical-demographics-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-and-cubital-tunnel-syndrome-over-5-years-at-a-single-institution
#5
Dafang Zhang, Jamie E Collins, Brandon E Earp, Philip Blazar
PURPOSE: Carpal tunnel and cubital tunnel syndrome are the 2 most common upper-limb compressive neuropathies. However, whether the characteristics of patient populations undergoing surgery for these conditions are similar is unclear in terms of demographics and concomitant pathologies. Our null hypothesis was that there are no identifiable differences between these patient populations. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed by billing system query using Common Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes for all patients who underwent open carpal tunnel release (CTR) (CPT code 64721) and/or open cubital tunnel surgery (CPT code 64718) by 1 of 4 hand surgeons from August 2008 to July 2013...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806097/opioid-demand-before-and-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#6
Chris A Anthony, Robert W Westermann, Nicholas Bedard, Natalie Glass, Matt Bollier, Carolyn M Hettrich, Brian R Wolf
BACKGROUND: Surgeons and health care systems have received a call to action in an effort to curtail the current opioid epidemic. PURPOSE: To (1) define the natural history of opioid demand after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), (2) consider how filling preoperative opioid prescriptions affects opioid demand after ACLR, and (3) evaluate the effect of additional procedures during ACLR and patient age on postoperative opioid demand. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805357/schedule-for-rating-disabilities-dental-and-oral-conditions-final-rule
#7
(no author information available yet)
This document amends the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Schedule for Rating Disabilities by revising the portion of the schedule that addresses dental and oral conditions. The effect of this action is to ensure that the rating schedule uses current medical terminology and to provide detailed and updated criteria for evaluation of dental and oral conditions for disability rating purposes.
August 3, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800918/the-timing-of-hip-arthroscopy-after-intra-articular-hip-injection-affects-postoperative-infection-risk
#8
Dean Wang, Christopher L Camp, Anil S Ranawat, Struan H Coleman, Bryan T Kelly, Brian C Werner
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association of preoperative intra-articular hip injection with surgical site infection after hip arthroscopy. METHODS: A large administrative database was used to identify all patients undergoing hip arthroscopy from 2007 to 2015 within a single private insurer and from 2005 to 2012 within Medicare in the United States. Those that received an ipsilateral preoperative intra-articular hip injection were identified. The patients were then divided into the following groups based on the interval between preoperative injection and ipsilateral hip arthroscopy: (1) <3 months, (2) 3 to 6 months, and (3) 6 to 12 months...
August 8, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782703/the-contribution-of-the-international-pain-policy-fellowship-in-improving-opioid-availability-in-georgia
#9
Pati Dzotsenidze, Martha A Maurer, Dimitri Kordzaia, Ioseb Abesadze, Mary M Skemp Brown, Aaron M Gilson, James F Cleary
In the Republic of Georgia, the incidence and prevalence of cancer is increasing, signifying a growing need for palliative care and pain relief, including with controlled opioid medicines. As a signatory to the Single Convention, the Georgian government has a responsibility to ensure the adequate availability of controlled medicines for medical purposes, however the consumption of morphine is very low, suggesting a high occurrence of unrelieved pain. In Georgia, palliative care development began in the 2000s including the adoption of a policy document in 2005, the creation of the National Palliative Care Coordinator in 2006 and important changes in Georgian legislation in 2007 and 2008, which served to lay a foundation for improving opioid availability...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774383/atrial-cardiomyopathy-a-useful-notion-in-cardiac-disease-management-or-a-passing-fad
#10
REVIEW
Jean-Baptiste Guichard, Stanley Nattel
The term atrial cardiomyopathy, which has been used sporadically in the medical literature, was recently the subject of a detailed Consensus Document prepared by representatives of the European Heart Rhythm Association, Heart Rhythm Society, Asia-Pacific Heart Rhythm Society, and Sociedad Latinoamericana de Estimulación Cardiaca y Electrofisiología. They discussed aspects of the definition, histopathology, atrial-specific physiology, atrial pathology, impact on arrhythmia occurrence, imaging, mapping, and ablation...
August 8, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770097/objective-evaluation-of-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-using-quantitative-pain-measurement-system-pain-vision-%C3%A2-a-pilot-study
#11
Junya Sato, Megumi Mori, Satoru Nihei, Satoshi Takeuchi, Masahiro Kashiwaba, Kenzo Kudo
BACKGROUND: In an evaluation of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN), objectivity may be poor because the evaluation is determined by the patient's subjective assessment. In such cases, management of neuropathy may be delayed and CIPN symptoms may become severe. In this pilot study, we attempted an objective evaluation of CIPN using a quantitative pain measurement system (Pain Vision(®)). METHODS: The subjects were patients with gynecologic cancer who underwent chemotherapy using taxane and platinum drugs...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760517/the-international-glossary-on-infertility-and-fertility-care-2017
#12
Fernando Zegers-Hochschild, G David Adamson, Silke Dyer, Catherine Racowsky, Jacques de Mouzon, Rebecca Sokol, Laura Rienzi, Arne Sunde, Lone Schmidt, Ian D Cooke, Joe Leigh Simpson, Sheryl van der Poel
STUDY QUESTION: Can a consensus and evidence-driven set of terms and definitions be generated to be used globally in order to ensure consistency when reporting on infertility issues and fertility care interventions, as well as to harmonize communication among the medical and scientific communities, policy-makers, and lay public including individuals and couples experiencing fertility problems? SUMMARY ANSWER: A set of 283 consensus-based and evidence-driven terminologies used in infertility and fertility care has been generated through an inclusive consensus-based process with multiple stakeholders...
July 28, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759546/valid-reproducible-clinically-useful-nonstigmatizing-terminology-for-the-disease-and-its-treatment-addiction-substance-use-disorder-and-medication
#13
Richard Saitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757688/ocular-trauma-a-tertiary-hospital-experience-from-oman
#14
Haitham H Al-Mahrouqi, Naila Al-Harthi, Maryam Al-Wahaibi, Kishore Hanumantharayappa
PURPOSE: To describe the epidemiology of ocular trauma in a tertiary hospital setting in Muscat, Oman. METHODS: Medical records of all cases of ocular trauma which presented to the Emergency Department at Al-Nahdha Hospital and were seen by the ophthalmology service from January 1, 2013 to June 30, 2013 (6 months) were reviewed to collect data on ocular trauma according to the World Eye Injury Registry initial reporting form which uses the Birmingham Eye Trauma Terminology System...
May 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743204/the-use-of-clinical-databases-in-disease-outcomes-research-is-the-ethics-of-irb-review-keeping-up
#15
Eugene Bereza
There is a perceived tension in research ethics between protecting the interests of participants and promoting good research as a societal good. The challenge of balancing the potential benefits of large clinical databases for disease outcomes research while protecting patients' privacy and confidentiality is an example of this dynamic. What is new about this tension in the context of "data warehousing" is the conflation of many differing interpretations of relevant ethics terminology, the proliferation of different kinds of databases, as well as the growth of research on a global level without the requisite harmonization of regulatory frameworks...
July 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741222/network-of-anatomical-texts-nanatex-an-open-source-project-for-visualizing-the-interaction-between-anatomical-terms
#16
Ryusuke Momota, Aiji Ohtsuka
Anatomy is the science and art of understanding the structure of the body and its components in relation to the functions of the whole-body system. Medicine is based on a deep understanding of anatomy, but quite a few introductory-level learners are overwhelmed by the sheer amount of anatomical terminology that must be understood, so they regard anatomy as a dull and dense subject. To help them learn anatomical terms in a more contextual way, we started a new open-source project, the Network of Anatomical Texts (NAnaTex), which visualizes relationships of body components by integrating text-based anatomical information using Cytoscape, a network visualization software platform...
July 24, 2017: Anatomical Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740843/comparative-readability-analysis-of-online-patient-education-resources-on-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#17
Rishabh Gulati, Mohammad Nawaz, Linh Lam, Nikolaos T Pyrsopoulos
BACKGROUND: The National Institutes of Health recommend a readability grade level of less than 7th grade for patient directed information. In this study, we use validated readability metrics to analyze patient information from prominent websites pertaining to ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. METHODS: The terms "Crohn's Disease," "Ulcerative Colitis," and "Inflammatory Bowel Disease" were queried on Google and Bing. Websites containing patient education material were saved as a text file and then modified through expungement of medical terminology that was described within the text...
2017: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738325/a-proposal-of-the-european-association-for-the-study-of-obesity-to-improve-the-icd-11-diagnostic-criteria-for-obesity-based-on-the-three-dimensions-etiology-degree-of-adiposity-and-health-risk
#18
Johannes Hebebrand, Jens-Christian Holm, Euan Woodward, Jennifer Lyn Baker, Ellen Blaak, Dominique Durrer Schutz, Nathalie J Farpour-Lambert, Gema Frühbeck, Jason G C Halford, Lauren Lissner, Dragan Micic, Dana Mullerova, Gabriela Roman, Karin Schindler, Hermann Toplak, Tommy L S Visscher, Volkan Yumuk
Diagnostic criteria for complex medical conditions caused by a multitude of both genetic and environmental factors should be descriptive and avoid any attribution of causality. Furthermore, the wording used to describe a disorder should be evidence-based and avoid stigmatization of the affected individuals. Both terminology and categorizations should be readily comprehensible for healthcare professionals and guide clinical decision making. Uncertainties with respect to diagnostic issues and their implications may be addressed to direct future clinical research...
July 22, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737661/toward-establishing-core-outcome-domains-for-trials-in-kidney-transplantation-report-of-the-standardized-outcomes-in-nephrology-kidney-transplantation-consensus-workshops
#19
Allison Tong, John Gill, Klemens Budde, Lorna Marson, Peter P Reese, David Rosenbloom, Lionel Rostaing, Germaine Wong, Michelle A Josephson, Timothy L Pruett, Anthony N Warrens, Jonathan C Craig, Benedicte Sautenet, Nicole Evangelidis, Angelique F Ralph, Camilla S Hanson, Jenny I Shen, Kirsten Howard, Klemens Meyer, Ronald D Perrone, Daniel E Weiner, Samuel Fung, Maggie K M Ma, Caren Rose, Jessica Ryan, Ling-Xin Chen, Martin Howell, Nicholas Larkins, Siah Kim, Sobhana Thangaraju, Angela Ju, Jeremy R Chapman
BACKGROUND: Treatment decisions in kidney transplantation requires patients and clinicians to weigh the benefits and harms of a broad range of medical and surgical interventions, but the heterogeneity and lack of patient-relevant outcomes across trials in transplantation makes these trade-offs uncertain, thus, the need for a core outcome set that reflects stakeholder priorities. METHODS: We convened 2 international Standardized Outcomes in Nephrology-Kidney Transplantation stakeholder consensus workshops in Boston (17 patients/caregivers; 52 health professionals) and Hong Kong (10 patients/caregivers; 45 health professionals)...
August 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733193/traditional-neurotherapeutics-approach-intended-for-direct-nose-to-brain-delivery
#20
REVIEW
Zohreh Abolhasanzadeh, Hajar Ashrafi, Parmis Badr, Amir Azadi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Nasal delivery systems have a significant role in Persian traditional medicine. Most of them were utilized for central nervous system (CNS)-related disorders. In modern medicine, nasal drug delivery systems for brain delivery are highly regarded. AIM OF THE STUDY: Despite recent advances in drug delivery to the (CNS), delivery of therapeutics to the brain remains a major challenge because of the blood brain barrier (BBB). There are several mechanisms which regulate the drug transfer across the BBB...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
keyword
keyword
14072
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"