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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549281/defining-excessive-over-or-hyper-pronation-a-quandary
#1
REVIEW
Andrew M Horwood, Nachiappan Chockalingam
Abnormal-pronation, excessive-pronation, over-pronation, or hyper-pronation, are terms with a long historical use in both medical and research terminology pertaining to an abnormal movement of the foot. These terms are commonly used as a potential kinematic aetiology to explain the occurrence of multiple lower limb and foot pathologies. Yet despite this widespread use there is no clear definition to explain what the terms abnormal, excess, over, or hyper-pronation, mean. Without a strict definition the use of these terms as a patho-mechanical explanation of injuries, leaves a distinct lack of clarity and is meaningless in regards to being able to distinguish what movement may need clinical intervention...
March 8, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546967/a-comparative-study-of-the-origin-structure-and-indexing-language-of-the-persian-and-english-keywords-of-articles-indexed-in-the-iranmedex-database-and-their-compliance-with-the-persian-medical-thesaurus-and-medical-subject-headings
#2
Parastoo Parsaei-Mohammadi, Ali Hossein Ghasemi, Raziyeh Hassanzadeh-Beheshtabad
INTRODUCTION: In the present era, thesauri as tools in indexing play an effective role in integrating retrieval preventing fragmentation as well as a multiplicity of terminologies and also in providing information content of documents. GOALS: This study aimed to investigate the keywords of articles indexed in IranMedex in terms of origin, structure and indexing situation and their Compliance with the Persian Medical Thesaurus and Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545802/attitudes-towards-disorders-of-sex-development-nomenclature-among-affected-individuals
#3
Emilie K Johnson, Ilina Rosoklija, Courtney Finlayson, Diane Chen, Elizabeth B Yerkes, Mary Beth Madonna, Jane L Holl, Arlene B Baratz, Georgiann Davis, Earl Y Cheng
INTRODUCTION: Although now commonly used in medicine, the updated "disorders of sex development" (DSD) nomenclature formally introduced in 2006 has never been universally accepted by members of the affected community, particularly advocacy groups. Use of this nomenclature by medical professionals may unintentionally negatively affect access to healthcare and research for individuals with DSD conditions. OBJECTIVE: Among individuals affected by various DSD diagnoses, this study sought to (1) evaluate attitudes towards potentially controversial DSD terminology, (2) determine potential impact of terminology on how affected individuals access healthcare, and (3) explore alternate terms...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541865/multipoint-suture-fixation-technique-for-abdominal-wall-reconstruction-with-component-separation-and-onlay-biological-mesh-placement
#4
Brad Denney, Jorge I de la Torre
Component separation with mesh reinforcement has become the primary modality for complex abdominal wall reconstruction. However, many fundamental questions remain unanswered, such as whether underlay versus overlay mesh placement is superior, and what is the best means of suture fixation technique for mesh placement? This study presents the senior author's technique for onlay biologic mesh placement with multipoint suture fixation in combination with component separation and its subsequent low recurrence rates...
May 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538140/comparison-of-policies-for-recognising-and-responding-to-clinical-deterioration-across-five-victorian-health-services
#5
Julie Considine, Anastasia F Hutchison, Helen Rawson, Alison M Hutchinson, Tracey Bucknall, Trisha Dunning, Mari Botti, Maxine M Duke, Maryann Street
Objectives The aim of the present study was to describe and compare organisational guidance documents related to recognising and responding to clinical deterioration across five health services in Victoria, Australia.Methods Guidance documents were obtained from five health services, comprising 13 acute care hospitals, eight subacute care hospitals and approximately 5500 beds. Analysis was guided by a specific policy analysis framework and a priori themes.Results In all, 22 guidance documents and five graphic observation and response charts were reviewed...
May 25, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533040/-alzheimer-s-disease-the-importance-of-the-choice-of-words
#6
Muriel Stefanuto, Stéphane Canovas, Marie Khaddar, Stéphane Sanchez, Philippe Denormandie
The terms 'dementia' and 'demented' are frequently used to refer to people with neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease. Based on the cross-analysis of some observational data (historical, linguistic, legal and medical), it is possible to highlight the risks and the issues related to the terminological choices for patients and health professionals.
May 2017: Soins. Gérontologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508939/-the-worlds-of-gods-in-medicine
#7
REVIEW
A Karenberg
BACKGROUND: A number of designations for diseases, medicines and human body structures derive from classical mythology. To date, these eponyms have not been systematically investigated. OBJECTIVES: This paper provides an overview of this fringe component of medical vocabulary, looks at the history of several terms and formulates hypotheses as to why such creative etymologies have come into being. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In addition to relevant texts on ancient mythology, a variety of medical textbooks from the early modern period were analyzed...
May 16, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508819/128-shades-of-red-objective-remote-assessment-of-radiation-dermatitis-by-augmented-digital-skin-imaging
#8
Richard Partl, Beata Jonko, Stefan Schnidar, Michael Schöllhammer, Max Bauer, Sanchit Singh, Julia Simeckova, Kathrin Wiesner, Andreas Neubauer, Harald Schnidar
The purpose of our investigation was to develop a novel and state of the art digital skin imaging method capable for remote monitoring and objective assessment of Radiation Induced Dermatitis (RID). Therefore, radiation therapy related side effects were assessed by medical experts according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) grade of severity in 20 female breast cancer patients in a clinical trial over the treatment time frame of 25-28 radiation cycles, 50.0-50.4 Gy each. Furthermore the intensity of developed skin erythema was documented by using conventional spectrophotometry plus digital skin imaging...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508785/assessing-the-educational-needs-of-health-information-management-staff-of-the-mashhad-university-of-medical-sciences-iran
#9
Khalil Kimiafar, Abbas Sheikhtaheri, Masoumeh Sarbaz, Masoumeh Hoseini
Health information management (HIM) professionals have a combination of skills and, at the same time, the demand for their skills in the health system is increasing rapidly. This study aimed to assess the educational needs of the HIM staff in Iran. This descriptive analytical study was conducted in eight teaching hospitals. It was found that the maximum educational needs concerned the knowledge of medical terminology, occupational safety, legal aspects, the newest rules and regulations, and ministry guidelines, while the least of the felt needs related to insurance and other aspects of registry, data ownership, and data quality...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507884/a-retrospective-analysis-of-complications-associated-with-bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-in-anterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion
#10
Kevork Hindoyan, Justin Tilan, Zorica Buser, Jeremiah R Cohen, Darrel S Brodke, Jim A Youssef, Jong-Beom Park, S Tim Yoon, Hans-Joerg Meisel, Jeffrey C Wang
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to quantify the frequency of complications associated with recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 (rhBMP-2) use in anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF). METHODS: The orthopedic subset of the Medicare database (PearlDiver) was queried for this retrospective cohort study using International Statistical Classification of Diseases 9 (ICD-9) and Current Procedure Terminology (CPT) codes for ALIF procedures with and without rhBMP-2 between 2005 and 2010...
April 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507288/identifying-individuals-with-physician-diagnosed-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-primary-care-electronic-medical-records-a-retrospective-chart-abstraction-study
#11
Theresa M Lee, Karen Tu, Laura L Wing, Andrea S Gershon
Little is known about using electronic medical records to identify patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease to improve quality of care. Our objective was to develop electronic medical record algorithms that can accurately identify patients with obstructive pulmonary disease. A retrospective chart abstraction study was conducted on data from the Electronic Medical Record Administrative data Linked Database (EMRALD(®)) housed at the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences. Abstracted charts provided the reference standard based on available physician-diagnoses, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-specific medications, smoking history and pulmonary function testing...
May 15, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500765/developing-bayesian-networks-from-a-dependency-layered-ontology-a-proof-of-concept-in-radiation-oncology
#12
Alan M Kalet, Jason N Doctor, John H Gennari, Mark H Phillips
PURPOSE: Bayesian networks (BNs) are graphical representations of probabilistic knowledge that offer normative reasoning under uncertainty and are well suited for use in medical domains. Traditional knowledge-based network development of BN topology requires that modeling experts establish relevant dependency links between domain concepts by searching and translating published literature, querying domain experts, or applying machine learning algorithms on data. For initial development these methods are time-intensive and this cost hinders the growth of BN applications in medical decision making...
May 13, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487576/risk-factors-for-nephrotoxicity-associated-with-cisplatin
#13
Karine Almanric, Nathalie Marceau, Ariane Cantin, Émilie Bertin
BACKGROUND: Cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity occurs in about one-third of patients who receive this chemotherapy drug. In late 2012, the study institution began measuring serum creatinine on day 7 after administration of cisplatin to identify patients with acute renal failure. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the extent of nephrotoxicity associated with cisplatin and the influence of risk factors for nephrotoxicity. METHODS: This retrospective study involved patients who received a first cycle of cisplatin-based chemotherapy between November 1, 2012, and November 1, 2013...
March 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484301/comparative-analysis-of-family-medicine-education-and-exams-at-cathedras-of-family-medicine-of-universities-in-southeastern-europe-splitska-inicijativa-sarajevo-2017
#14
Izet Masic, Olivera Batic Mujanovic, Maja Racic, Larisa Gavran, Kosana Stanetic, Merzika Hodzic, Milena Cojic, Ljiljana Cvejanov-Kezunovic, Aleksandar Stepanovic, Katarina Stavrikj, Zaim Jatic, Edita Cerny Obrdalj, Amra Zalihic, Ksenija Tusek-Bunc
Education means: learning, teaching or the process of acquiring skills or behavior modification through various exercises. Traditionally, medical education meant the oral, practical and more passive transferring of knowledge and skills from the educators to students and health professionals. Today the importance of focus on educational quality, particularly in the professions operating in the services required by people is agreed by all involved. The higher educational system shoulders some critical responsibilities in the economic, social, cultural and educational development and growth in the communities...
March 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481791/a-comprehensive-safety-evaluation-of-68ga-psma-11-pet-ct-in-prostate-cancer-the-results-of-2-prospective-multicenter-trials
#15
Julie B Nielsen, Helle D Zacho, Uwe Haberkorn, Karin M Nielsen, Katja Dettmann, Niels C Langkilde, Lars J Petersen
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical safety profile of the Ga-PSMA-11 ligand for PET/CT imaging in prospective clinical trials. METHODS: Eighty-eight patients with newly diagnosed or recurrent prostate cancer participated in 2 prospective trials. Safety reporting was identical in the 2 trials. The Ga-PSMA-11 ligand was administered as 2 MBq/kg body weight (mean, 9.2 μg, 9.7 nmol). The reporting of clinical adverse events (AEs) and the measurement of blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) were performed prior to injection (baseline); immediately after injection of Ga-PSMA-11 (postinjection); at 1, 10, and 60 minutes after injection; and after acquisition of the PET/CT scan (postscan)...
May 6, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481759/challenges-to-the-standardization-of-burn-data-collection-a-call-for-common-data-elements-for-burn-care
#16
Jeffrey C Schneider, Liang Chen, Laura C Simko, Katherine N Warren, Brian Phu Nguyen, Catherine R Thorpe, James C Jeng, William L Hickerson, Lewis E Kazis, Colleen M Ryan
The use of common data elements (CDEs) is growing in medical research; CDEs have demonstrated benefit in maximizing the impact of existing research infrastructure and funding. However, the field of burn care does not have a standard set of CDEs. The objective of this study is to examine the extent of common data collected in current burn databases. This study examines the data dictionaries of six U.S. burn databases to ascertain the extent of common data. This was assessed from a quantitative and qualitative perspective...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479207/measures-that-identify-prescription-medication-misuse-abuse-and-related-events-in-clinical-trials-acttion-critique-and-recommended-considerations
#17
Shannon M Smith, Judith K Jones, Nathaniel P Katz, Carl L Roland, Beatrice Setnik, Jeremiah J Trudeau, Stephen Wright, Laurie B Burke, Sandra D Comer, Richard C Dart, Raymond Dionne, J David Haddox, Jerome H Jaffe, Ernest A Kopecky, Bridget A Martell, Ivan D Montoya, Marsha Stanton, Ajay D Wasan, Dennis C Turk, Robert H Dworkin
Accurate assessment of inappropriate medication use events (i.e., misuse, abuse, and related events [MAREs]) occurring in clinical trials is an important component in evaluating a medication's abuse potential. A meeting was convened to review all instruments measuring such events in clinical trials according to previously published standardized terminology and definitions [27]. Only 2 approaches have been reported that are specifically designed to identify and classify MAREs occurring in clinical trials, rather than to measure an individual's risk of using a medication inappropriately: the Self-Reported Misuse, Abuse, and Diversion [SR-MAD] instrument and the Misuse, Abuse, and Diversion Drug Event Reporting System [MADDERS]...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473078/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-plexopathy
#18
Julie Bykowski, Joseph M Aulino, Kevin L Berger, R Carter Cassidy, Asim F Choudhri, A Tuba Kendi, Claudia F E Kirsch, Michael D Luttrull, Aseem Sharma, Vilaas S Shetty, Khoi Than, Christopher J Winfree, Rebecca S Cornelius
MRI without and with contrast is the most accurate imaging method to determine whether a process is intrinsic or extrinsic to a nerve of the brachial or lumbosacral plexus. However, there are no Current Procedural Terminology codes to correspond to imaging studies of the brachial or lumbar plexus discretely. This assessment uses "MRI of the brachial plexus" or "MRI of the lumbosacral plexus" as independent entities given that imaging acquisition for the respective plexus differs in sequences and planes compared with those of a routine neck, chest, spine, or pelvic MRI, yet acknowledges the potential variability of ordering practices across institutions...
May 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472516/-one-day-i-will-find-the-right-words-and-they-will-be-simple-rethinking-dnacpr-at-a-national-level
#19
Therese Callus
Evidence has shown a diversity of practices and terminology concerning the implementation and documentation of Do Not Attempt Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (DNACPR) notices across different hospital Trusts in England and Wales, and the Resuscitation Council (UK) has recently proposed a standard approach for how DNACPR notices can be better incorporated into overall care plans. However, the Council can only make recommendations for good practice. This discussion reviews current practices and suggests that the time has come for a national standardized approach to the process of initiating and documenting DNACPR, along with a dedicated programme to increase public understanding of what is involved...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470415/perioperative-complications-following-colpocleisis-with-and-without-concomitant-vaginal-hysterectomy
#20
Katarzyna Bochenska, Alix Leader-Cramer, Margaret Mueller, Bhumy Davé, Alexandria Alverdy, Kimberly Kenton
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Pelvic organ prolapse is common in the elderly population and may be surgically treated with colpocleisis. We aimed to identify and compare surgical characteristics and 30-day perioperative complications in patients who underwent colpocleisis with and without concomitant vaginal hysterectomy (VH) using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database. METHODS: Women who underwent vaginal closure procedures from 2006 to 2014 were identified utilizing Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes for LeFort colpocleisis (57120) and vaginectomy (57110)...
May 3, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
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