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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944938/-reverse-j-shaped-skin-flap-and-cranial-bone-groove-for-shunt-hardware-a-new-technique-in-patients-with-fragile-skin
#1
Murteza Cakir
INTRODUCTION: Shunt systems are not perfect devices and can cause severe complications. Complications may originate from problems related to the valve, the patient, or the surgery and more common in neonates, infants, especially preterm by reason of the special characteristics these patients owned. We therefore have succesfully developed useful and viable surgical technique in order to provide helpful aspects to surgical issues mentioned above. TECHNIQUE: This technique includes \"reverse J\" shaped skin incision with nonintersecting the shun's hardware and distal catheter and to be reduced the wound problems to the minimum rates by opening \"bone groove\"...
July 11, 2017: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944601/an-advanced-multifunctional-hydrogel-based-dressing-for-wound-monitoring-and-drug-delivery
#2
Bahram Mirani, Erik Pagan, Barbara Currie, Mohammad Ali Siddiqui, Reihaneh Hosseinzadeh, Pooria Mostafalu, Yu Shrike Zhang, Aziz Ghahary, Mohsen Akbari
Wound management is a major global challenge and poses a significant financial burden to the healthcare system due to the rapid growth of chronic diseases such as diabetes, obesity, and aging population. The ability to detect pathogenic infections and release drug at the wound site is of the utmost importance to expedient patient care. Herein, this study presents an advanced multifunctional dressing (GelDerm) capable of colorimetric measurement of pH, an indicator of bacterial infection, and release of antibiotic agents at the wound site...
September 25, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944569/prognostic-factors-and-treatment-outcomes-for-patients-with-fournier-s-gangrene-a-retrospective-study
#3
Kyung Sook Hong, Hee Jung Yi, Ryung-Ah Lee, Kwang Ho Kim, Soon Sup Chung
Fournier's gangrene is a gas-forming, necrotising soft tissue infection affecting the perineum. It spreads rapidly along the deep fascial planes and is associated with a high mortality rate. With a growing elderly population with comorbidities, the frequency of severe cases of Fournier's gangrene is expected to increase. We retrospectively reviewed 20 patients diagnosed with Fournier's gangrene at our institution from 2003 to 2014 and analysed data. Thirteen patients had diabetes mellitus, two had been diagnosed with liver cirrhosis, and four were chronic alcoholics...
September 25, 2017: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943910/wound-fluids-affect-mir-21-mir-155-and-mir-221-expression-in-breast-cancer-cell-lines-and-this-effect-is-partially-abrogated-by-intraoperative-radiation-therapy-treatment
#4
Karolina Zaleska, Anna Przybyła, Katarzyna Kulcenty, Mateusz Wichtowski, Andrzej Mackiewicz, Wiktoria Suchorska, Dawid Murawa
Breast cancer is the most common malignant disease occurring in women. Conservative breast cancer surgery followed by radiation therapy is currently the standard treatment for this type of cancer. The majority of metastases occur within the scar, which initiated a series of studies. As a result, clinical trials aimed to assess whether localized radiotherapy, as intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT), may more effective in inhibiting the formation of local recurrence compared with the standard postoperative whole breast radiotherapy...
October 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943899/surgical-management-of-pelvic-ewing-s-sarcoma-in-children-and-adolescents
#5
Hongbin Fan, Zheng Guo, Jun Fu, Xiangdong Li, Jing Li, Zhen Wang
The present study describes a novel surgical strategy used to treat immature pelvic Ewing's sarcoma (ES), one made possible owing to the intrinsic structure of the skeletally immature pelvis. A total of 12 children and adolescents with open triradiate cartilage received limb-salvage surgeries following a diagnosis of pelvic ES. In total, 3 patients with iliac lesions (2 lesions with extension into the sacrum) received surgical tumor excisions and allograft reconstructions. Another 8 patients with periacetabular lesions received trans-acetabular osteotomies and allograft reconstructions...
October 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943571/mycobacterium-wolinskyi-peritonitis-after-peritoneal-catheter-embedment-surgery
#6
Hiroyuki Fujikura, Kei Kasahara, Yoshihiko Ogawa, Nobuyasu Hirai, Seiya Yoshii, Shingo Yoshihara, Taku Ogawa, Shinsuke Yonekawa, Natsuko Imakita, Yuichi Nishioka, Tatsuo Yoneda, Katsunori Yoshida, Ken-Ichi Samejima, Kaori Tanabe, Yoshihiko Saito, Hisakazu Yano, Keiichi Mikasa
Mycobacterium wolinskyi belongs to the Mycobacterium smegmatis group, which comprises rapidly growing non-tuberculous mycobacteria. The number of case reports on M. wolinskyi infections associated with postoperative wounds has increased in recent years. We herein report a case of peritonitis due to M. wolinskyi after peritoneal catheter embedment surgery. Identification was achieved based on 16S ribosomal RNA and rpoB gene sequencing of the isolate. The patient recovered following catheter removal and treatment with levofloxacin and minocycline for one month...
September 25, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943420/impact-of-hospital-caseload-and-elective-admission-on-outcomes-following-extracranial-intracranial-bypass-surgery
#7
Hesam Akbarian-Tefaghi, Piyush Kalakoti, Hai Sun, Kanika Sharma, Jai Deep Thakur, Devi Prasad Patra, Rimal H Dossani, Amey Savardekar, Christina Notarianni, Gregory J Zipfel, Anil Nanda
BACKGROUND: Limited information exists evaluating the impact of hospital caseload and elective admission on outcomes following patients undergoing extracranial-intracranial (ECIC) bypass surgery. Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) for the years 2001 through 2014, we evaluated the impact of hospital caseload and elective admission on outcomes following bypass. METHODS: In an observational cohort study, weighted estimates were used to investigate the association of hospital caseload and elective admission on short-term outcomes following bypass surgery using multivariable regression techniques...
September 21, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943204/considerations-for-antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-head-and-neck-cancer-surgery
#8
Michael P Veve, Susan L Davis, Amy M Williams, John E McKinnon, Tamer A Ghanem
Peri/post-operative antibiotic prophylaxis (POABP) has become standard practice for preventing surgical site infections (SSI) in head and neck cancer patients undergoing microvascular reconstruction, but few data exist on optimal POABP regimens. Current surgical prophylaxis guideline recommendations fail to account for the complexity of microvascular reconstruction relative to other head and neck procedures, specifically regarding wound classification and antibiotic duration. Selection of POABP spectrum is also controversial, and must balance the choice between too narrow, risking subsequent infection, or too broad, and possible unwanted effects (e...
September 21, 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943004/importance-of-postprocedural-wound-ischemia-and-foot-infection-wifi-restaging-in-predicting-limb-salvage
#9
Charles Leithead, Zdenek Novak, Emily Spangler, Marc A Passman, Adam Witcher, Mark A Patterson, Adam W Beck, Benjamin J Pearce
OBJECTIVE: The Wound, Ischemia, and foot Infection (WIfI) classification system was created to encompass demographic changes and expanding techniques of revascularization to perform meaningful analyses of outcomes in the treatment of the threatened limb. The WIfI index is intended to be analogous to the TNM staging system for cancer, with restaging to be done after control of infection and after revascularization. Our goal was to evaluate the effectiveness of WIfI restaging after therapy in the prediction of limb outcomes...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942543/suture-to-wound-length-ratio-in-abdominal-wall-closure-how-well-are-we-doing
#10
Z F Williams, P Tenzel, W B Hooks, W W Hope
PURPOSE: Research has established that a ≥4:1 suture to wound (S:W) length ratio decreases incisional hernias. We evaluated our ability to obtain a 4:1 S:W length ratio in a surgery residency program. METHODS: Consecutive abdominal wall closures from 12/1/2013 through 4/9/2015 were reviewed. The length of the incisions and amount of suture used were measured. Patient demographics and operative variables were documented and compared related to inability to obtain a 4:1 ratio...
September 23, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942541/surgical-site-infections-in-emergency-abdominal-surgery-at-tamale-teaching-hospital-ghana
#11
Stephen Tabiri, Edwin Yenli, Martin Kyere, Theophilus T K Anyomih
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSIs) result in delayed wound healing, increased use of antibiotics and increased length of hospital stay, putting remarkable physical and financial burden on patients, their relatives and the healthcare facilities. Patient-related factors, such as pre-existing colonization with antibiotic-resistant bacteria, and clinical-related factors, such as adherence to sterile techniques, contribute to the development of SSIs. The objective of this study, therefore, was to determine the SSI rate and risk factors for emergency abdominal surgeries at Tamale Teaching Hospital, Ghana...
September 23, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941969/case-report-irreversible-electroporation-for-locally-advanced-pancreatic-cancer
#12
Sonia Orcutt, Bela Kis, Mokenge Malafa
INTRODUCTION: For patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma who are not candidates for surgical resection, long-term survival is poor, even with currently available systemic and radiation therapy options. However, for those with locally advanced disease who do not have distant metastasis, locoregional control of the tumor has the potential to improve long-term outcomes. A newly developed technology, irreversible electroporation, has advantages over traditional thermal ablation with unresectable cancers in this location...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941569/wound-ballistics-and-blast-injuries
#13
N J Prat, J-L Daban, E J Voiglio, F Rongieras
Wounds due to gunshot and explosions, while usually observed during battlefield combat, are no longer an exceptional occurrence in civilian practice in France. The principles of wound ballistics are based on the interaction between the projectile and the human body as well as the transfer of energy from the projectile to tissues. The treatment of ballistic wounds relies on several principles: extremity wound debridement and absence of initial closure, complementary medical treatment, routine immobilization, revision surgery and secondary closure...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941556/subgaleal-hematoma-at-the-contralateral-side-of-scalp-trauma-in-an-adult
#14
Ching-En Chen, Zen-Zhon Liao, Yen-Heng Lee, Cheng-Chieh Liu, Chi-Kao Tang, Yi-Rong Chen
BACKGROUND: Subgaleal hematoma (SGH), an abnormal accumulation of blood under the galeal aponeurosis of the scalp, is more commonly observed in newborns and children. According to previous cases, the etiology of SGH includes mild head trauma, vacuum-assisted vaginal delivery, contusion, and hair braiding or pulling. CASE REPORT: A 39-year-old healthy worker came to our emergency department (ED) due to scalp lacerations from an accident that caused severe twisting of his hair...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941508/updates-in-management-of-craniomaxillofacial-gunshot-wounds-and-reconstruction-of-the-mandible
#15
REVIEW
Baber Khatib, Savannah Gelesko, Melissa Amundson, Allen Cheng, Ashish Patel, Tuan Bui, Eric J Dierks, R Bryan Bell
This article includes updates in the management of mandibular trauma and reconstruction as they relate to maxillomandibular fixation screws, custom hardware, virtual surgical planning, and protocols for use of computer-aided surgery and navigation when managing composite defects from gunshot injuries to the face.
November 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940582/randomized-controlled-trial-of-steroid-soaked-absorbable-calcium-alginate-nasal-packing-following-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#16
Chi Sang Hwang, Salma Saud Al Sharhan, Bo Ra Kim, Soo In Kim, Jin Woong Kim, Hyung-Ju Cho, Joo-Heon Yoon, Chang-Hoon Kim
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate the potential efficacy of steroid-soaked, absorbable calcium alginate nasal packing following endoscopic sinus surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, single-blinded, placebo-controlled trial. METHODS: Twenty-two patients (44 nostrils) who had chronic rhinosinusitis with polyps underwent bilateral endoscopic sinus surgery. Only those with an intersinus difference in Lund-Mackay severity score of 1 or less were included...
September 22, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940480/thirty-day-morbidity-and-mortality-following-otologic-neurotologic-surgery-analysis-of-the-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program
#17
Zachary G Schwam, Elias Michaelides, Phoebe Kuo, Michael A Hajek, Benjamin L Judson, Christopher Schutt
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To determine the rate and timing of, as well as risk factors for, postoperative morbidity and mortality following otologic and neurotologic surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: A total of 1,381 patients were identified in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program for the years 2005 to 2010. Simple summary statistics, χ(2) , and multivariable logistic regression were performed...
September 22, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940252/tobacco-exposure-and-wound-healing-in-head-and-neck-surgical-wounds
#18
Amy Anne D Lassig, Joan E Bechtold, Bruce R Lindgren, Andrew Pisansky, Abayo Itabiyi, Bevan Yueh, Anne M Joseph
OBJECTIVE: Smoking impairs wound healing, yet the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms are unclear. We evaluated tobacco-altered healing in head and neck surgery by studying the association between biomarkers and tobacco exposure, as well as cutaneous perfusion by smoking status. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study, tertiary/academic care center, 2011 to present. METHODS: Patients who required head and neck surgery were enrolled prospectively...
September 20, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939862/surgical-site-infections-following-caesarean-operations-at-a-jordanian-teaching-hospital-frequency-and-implicated-factors
#19
Mariam Hantash Abdel Jalil, Khawla Abu Hammour, Mervat Alsous, Wedad Awad, Rand Hadadden, Faris Bakri, Kamil Fram
Surgical site infections (SSIs) following caesarean surgeries are common. The present study aimed to evaluate the frequency of SSIs following caesareans at Jordan University Hospital during the 30 postoperative days and to identify factors associated with increased SSIs risk. Data regarding the occurrence of SSIs were collected both prospectively via follow-up phone calls and retrospectively via reviewing wound culture results and clinical notes. SSI cases were subsequently determined utilizing predefined criteria...
September 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938325/the-effect-of-dexpanthenol-vitamin-a-nazalnem-on-silastic-splints-after-nasal-septal-surgery
#20
Güven Yildirim, Tolgar Lütfi Kumral, Cem Altindağ, Erdi Özdemir, Yavuz Uyar
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of dexpanthenol-vitamin A (Nazalnem) ointment applied to the surface of silastic splints with an airway immediately after nasal septal surgery on postoperative complaints and nasal mucosa function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study enrolled 60 patients undergoing nasal septoplasty surgery. Group 1 (n = 30) received silastic splints with ointment containing dexpanthenol-vitamin A (Nazalnem), and Group 2 (n = 30), the control group, received silastic splints with vaseline...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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