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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899129/a-community-based-study-on-prevalence-and-correlates-of-erectile-dysfunction-among-kinondoni-district-residents-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#1
Pedro Pallangyo, Paulina Nicholaus, Peter Kisenge, Henry Mayala, Noel Swai, Mohamed Janabi
BACKGROUND: Globally, erectile dysfunction burden (ED) is rising appreciably and it is projected to affect about 332 million men by the year 2025. This rise is attributable to the rising incidence of conditions associated with ED including obesity, diabetes, hypertension, coronary artery disease and depression. We conducted this community-based screening to elucidate on the prevalence of ED and its associated factors among men residing in an urban community in Tanzania. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional community-based study and interviewed 441 men aged at least 18 years...
November 29, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856202/total-antihypertensive-therapeutic-intensity-score-and-its-relationship-to-blood-pressure-reduction
#2
Phillip D Levy, Robina Josiah Willock, Michael Burla, Aaron Brody, James Mahn, Alexander Marinica, Samar A Nasser, John M Flack
Predicting blood pressure (BP) response to antihypertensive therapy is challenging. The therapeutic intensity score (TIS) is a summary measure that accounts for the number of medications and the relative doses a patient received, but its relationship to BP change and its utility as a method to project dosing equivalence has not been reported. We conducted a prospective, single center, randomized controlled trial to compare the effects of Joint National Committee (JNC) 7 compliant treatment with more intensive (<120/80 mm Hg) BP goals on left ventricular structure and function in hypertensive patients with echocardiographically determined subclinical heart disease who were treated over a 12-month period...
October 28, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754180/ed-08-4-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-hypertensive-emergency-in-children
#3
Lin Shi
According to the seventh report of Joint National Committee (JNC 7), hypertensive emergency (HE), a kind of hypertensive crisis, is defined as a sudden and abrupt elevation in blood pressure so as to cause acute target organ dysfunctions, including central nervous system, cardiovascular system or kidneys. Patients with HE require immediate reduction in markedly elevated blood pressure. Currently, there are no international guidelines for children HE, so the JNC definition is commonly used. Hypertensive emergency in children is rare but a life-threatening emergency...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754110/os-22-06-evaluating-the-health-related-quality-of-life-of-hypertensive-patients
#4
Mansi Patil, Manoj Durairaj, Syed Mohammed Tauseef
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and assess the health related quality of life (HRQOL) of hypertensive patients in West India using the MINCHAL scale and WHO-BREF questionnaire. DESIGN AND METHOD: 500 male hypertensives (age group 20-60 years) that were on anti-hypertensive treatment for minimum six months were chosen for a cross-sectional study. They were divided into 3 categories of hypertension according to the JNC-7 classification i.e., Stage 1 and Stage 2 as "uncontrolled" hypertension and pre-hypertensive as "controlled" hypertension...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754095/os-20-09-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-cognitive-disorders-in-arterial-hypertension
#5
Viktoria Krotova, Tatyana Khomazyuk
OBJECTIVE: One of the first disorders of affection subcortical brain structures in arterial hypertension (AH) is a decrease in mental processes, intellectual rigidity. To investigate the cognitive disorders (CD) in AH patients 1-2 stages of working age and the effectiveness of nootropic agent (phenibutum) and anticholinergic drug (ipidacrinum) in combined antihypertensive therapy. DESIGN AND METHOD: Observed 60 patients with controlled AH 1-2 stages and CD. The median age-55,3 ± 9,1 years and duration of AH-10,2 ± 5,8 years...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754018/js-ksh-jsh-chl-01-1-cardio-metabolic-risks-in-hypertension-are-we-different-from-western-societies
#6
Hiroshi Itoh
Many hypertension guidelines have been published mainly from Western countries to standardize the management of hypertension all over the world, however, the significance of hypertension, along with other cardio-metabolic risks, such as obesity, diabetes or dyslipidemia should differ among different races. This paper compares the relevance of hypertension, one of the most important cardio-metabolic risk factors, in Asian and Western societies.1) Low target level of blood pressure control for diabetic hypertensives in JapanIn the Japanese Society of Hypertension Guidelines for the management of Hypertension (JSH2014), the target of blood pressure (BP) control in hypertensive patients with diabetes was set as < 130/80 mmHg...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754001/db-02-3-strict-control-of-hypertension-in-the-elderly-with-diabetes-and-chronic-kidney-disease-pro
#7
Lawrence Appel
The identification of explicit blood pressure targets for clinical management remains controversial, particularly in older individuals with co-morbidities. Recommendations from the panel appointed to the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8) and results of the SPRINT trial have rekindled interest in this issue. JNC8 recommended a higher (more relaxed) BP goal of < 150/90, instead of the traditional BP goal of <140/90, in persons aged 60+. In contrast, the recently completed SPRINT trial, which enrolled high risk patients without diabetes, documented that a lower (more stringent) SBP goal of <120 mmHg reduced total mortality and cardiovascular disease events compared to <140 mmHg...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734656/cilnidipine-next-generation-calcium-channel-blocker
#8
Mukesh Madhukar Shete
Hypertension is one of the most common conditions seen in primary care and a major public health problem in India. It can lead to various complications if not detected early and treated appropriately. As per the latest Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8) the goal BP in most hypertensive patients age <60 years should be <140/90 mmHg and treatment can be started by selecting drugs from among 4 specific medication classes i.e. angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) or angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB), calcium channel blocker (CCB) or diuretics...
April 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678289/the-relationship-between-cognitive-functioning-and-the-jnc-8-guidelines-for-hypertension-in-older-adults
#9
Felicia C Goldstein, Ihab M Hajjar, Callie B Dunn, Allan I Levey, Whitney Wharton
BACKGROUND: Guidelines for hypertension treatment by the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC-8) in 2014 recommended a target systolic blood pressure (BP) of <150/<90 mmHg in persons older than 60 years, in contrast to the 2003 JNC-7 recommendations of systolic BP <140 mmHg. This study evaluated the implications of raising the BP target on cognitive functioning and conversion from normal cognition to mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHODS: This was a longitudinal study of individuals older than 60 years enrolled in the NIH-NIA Alzheimer's Disease Centers...
September 27, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643137/ed-08-4-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-hypertensive-emergency-in-children
#10
Lin Shi
According to the seventh report of Joint National Committee (JNC 7), hypertensive emergency (HE), a kind of hypertensive crisis, is defined as a sudden and abrupt elevation in blood pressure so as to cause acute target organ dysfunctions, including central nervous system, cardiovascular system or kidneys. Patients with HE require immediate reduction in markedly elevated blood pressure. Currently, there are no international guidelines for children HE, so the JNC definition is commonly used. Hypertensive emergency in children is rare but a life-threatening emergency...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643035/os-22-06-evaluating-the-health-related-quality-of-life-of-hypertensive-patients
#11
Mansi Patil, Manoj Durairaj, Syed Mohammed Tauseef
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and assess the health related quality of life (HRQOL) of hypertensive patients in West India using the MINCHAL scale and WHO-BREF questionnaire. DESIGN AND METHOD: 500 male hypertensives (age group 20-60 years) that were on anti-hypertensive treatment for minimum six months were chosen for a cross-sectional study. They were divided into 3 categories of hypertension according to the JNC-7 classification i.e., Stage 1 and Stage 2 as "uncontrolled" hypertension and pre-hypertensive as "controlled" hypertension...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643020/os-20-09-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-cognitive-disorders-in-arterial-hypertension
#12
Viktoria Krotova, Tatyana Khomazyuk
OBJECTIVE: One of the first disorders of affection subcortical brain structures in arterial hypertension (AH) is a decrease in mental processes, intellectual rigidity. To investigate the cognitive disorders (CD) in AH patients 1-2 stages of working age and the effectiveness of nootropic agent (phenibutum) and anticholinergic drug (ipidacrinum) in combined antihypertensive therapy. DESIGN AND METHOD: Observed 60 patients with controlled AH 1-2 stages and CD. The median age-55,3 ± 9,1 years and duration of AH-10,2 ± 5,8 years...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642936/js-ksh-jsh-chl-01-1-cardio-metabolic-risks-in-hypertension-are-we-different-from-western-societies
#13
Hiroshi Itoh
Many hypertension guidelines have been published mainly from Western countries to standardize the management of hypertension all over the world, however, the significance of hypertension, along with other cardio-metabolic risks, such as obesity, diabetes or dyslipidemia should differ among different races. This paper compares the relevance of hypertension, one of the most important cardio-metabolic risk factors, in Asian and Western societies.1) Low target level of blood pressure control for diabetic hypertensives in JapanIn the Japanese Society of Hypertension Guidelines for the management of Hypertension (JSH2014), the target of blood pressure (BP) control in hypertensive patients with diabetes was set as < 130/80 mmHg...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642912/db-02-3-strict-control-of-hypertension-in-the-elderly-with-diabetes-and-chronic-kidney-disease-pro
#14
Lawrence Appel
The identification of explicit blood pressure targets for clinical management remains controversial, particularly in older individuals with co-morbidities. Recommendations from the panel appointed to the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8) and results of the SPRINT trial have rekindled interest in this issue. JNC8 recommended a higher (more relaxed) BP goal of < 150/90, instead of the traditional BP goal of <140/90, in persons aged 60+. In contrast, the recently completed SPRINT trial, which enrolled high risk patients without diabetes, documented that a lower (more stringent) SBP goal of <120 mmHg reduced total mortality and cardiovascular disease events compared to <140 mmHg...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27322669/prehypertension-in-early-pregnancy-what-is-the-significance
#15
Jonathan Y Rosner, Megan Gutierrez, Margaret Dziadosz, Amelie Pham, Terri-Ann Bennett, Cara Dolin, Allyson Herbst, Sarah Lee, Ashley S Roman
Objective Hypertensive disorders play a significant role in maternal morbidity and mortality. There is limited data on prehypertension (pre-HTN) during the first half of pregnancy. We sought to examine the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes in patients with prehypertension in early pregnancy (<20 weeks' gestational age). Study Design A retrospective cohort study of 377 patients between 2013 and 2014. Patients were divided based on the highest blood pressure in early pregnancy, as defined per the JNC-7 criteria...
June 20, 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27021293/is-60-the-new-80-in-hypertension
#16
Matthew C Pflederer, Raymond O Estacio, Mori J Krantz
Since the release of the "2014 evidence-based guideline for the management of high blood pressure in adults: report from the panel members appointed to the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8)", much controversy has ensued over the appropriate systolic blood pressure goal for those over the age of 60 years. This guideline suggested liberalizing the target for this population to <150 mmHg, moving away from previous guidelines suggesting a target of <140 mmHg. While some national quality measures have accepted the new relaxed blood pressure goal, the American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology have not...
August 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27003637/maternal-blood-pressures-during-pregnancy-and-the-risk-of-delivering-a-small-for-gestational-age-neonate
#17
Dana M Block-Abraham, Dasha Adamovich, Ozhan M Turan, Lauren E Doyle, Miriam G Blitzer, Ahmet A Baschat
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between maternal blood pressures throughout pregnancy and the risk of delivering a small-for-gestational-age (SGA) neonate. METHODS: Women were prospectively enrolled at 9-14 weeks and had serial blood pressure measurements throughout pregnancy. SGA prevalence was compared to maternal blood pressure at enrollment, average blood pressure during each trimester, and blood pressure trends throughout gestation. Blood pressure was categorized as normotension, prehypertension, or hypertension using Joint National Committee on Hypertension-7 (JNC-7) definitions...
August 2016: Hypertension in Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26930050/uncontrolled-hypertension-and-its-determinants-in-patients-with-concomitant-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-t2dm-in-rural-south-africa
#18
Oladele Vincent Adeniyi, Parimalaranie Yogeswaran, Benjamin Longo-Mbenza, Daniel Ter Goon
BACKGROUND: Paucity of data on the prevalence, treatment and control of hypertension in individuals living with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in the rural communities of South Africa may undermine efforts to reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with cardiovascular diseases. This study examines the socio-demographic and clinical determinants of uncontrolled hypertension among individuals living with T2DM in the rural communities of Mthatha, South Africa. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved a serially selected sample of 265 individuals living with T2DM and hypertension at Mthatha General Hospital, Mthatha...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26911534/higher-serum-uric-acid-level-increases-risk-of-prehypertension-in-subjects-with-normal-glucose-tolerance-but-not-pre-diabetes-and-diabetes
#19
I-H Wu, J-S Wu, Z-J Sun, F-H Lu, C-S Chang, C-J Chang, Y-C Yang
Although the association between serum uric acid (SUA) levels and prehypertension has been reported in previous studies, it is unknown whether their relationship is similar in subjects with diabetes, pre-diabetes and normal glucose tolerance (NGT). This study thus aimed to investigate the relationship between SUA and prehypertension in subjects with different glycemic status, including NGT, pre-diabetes and diabetes. A total of 12 010 participants were included after excluding subjects with blood pressure ⩾140/90 mm Hg, history of hypertension, leukaemia, lymphoma, hypothyroidism, medication for hypertension and hyperuricemia and missing data...
August 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26836336/no-more-hf-teflon-assisted-ultrafast-removal-of-silica-to-generate-high-surface-area-mesostructured-carbon-for-enhanced-co2-capture-and-supercapacitor-performance
#20
Dheeraj Kumar Singh, Katla Sai Krishna, Srinivasan Harish, Srinivasan Sampath, Muthusamy Eswaramoorthy
An innovative technique to obtain high-surface-area mesostructured carbon (2545 m(2)  g(-1)) with significant microporosity uses Teflon as the silica template removal agent. This method not only shortens synthesis time by combining silica removal and carbonization in a single step, but also assists in ultrafast removal of the template (in 10 min) with complete elimination of toxic HF usage. The obtained carbon material (JNC-1) displays excellent CO2 capture ability (ca. 26.2 wt % at 0 °C under 0...
February 5, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
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