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Psychology australian

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815014/the-relationship-between-intolerance-of-uncertainty-in-chiropractic-students-and-their-treatment-intervention-choices
#1
Stanley I Innes, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Bruce F Walker
BACKGROUND: Psychological factors, such as intolerance of uncertainty (IU), have been shown to impact on the quality of medical care. However, this psychological measure has not been studied in the chiropractic profession. Our objective was to investigate if higher levels of IU in chiropractic students were related to poor choices of management in specific clinical scenarios. Also, we sought to investigate if levels of IU were related to students' intentions to adopt a prescriptive chiropractic technique system and evaluate their levels of self-belief...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814325/australian-adolescents-beliefs-and-help-seeking-intentions-towards-peers-experiencing-symptoms-of-depression-and-alcohol-misuse
#2
D I Lubman, A Cheetham, A F Jorm, B J Berridge, C Wilson, F Blee, L Mckay-Brown, N Allen, J Proimos
BACKGROUND: Many young people are reluctant to seek professional help for mental health problems, preferring to rely on their friends for support. It is therefore important to ensure that adolescents can identify signs of psychological distress in their peers, talk to them about these, and help them access appropriate services when necessary. The current study examined adolescents' ability to recognise symptoms of depression and alcohol misuse, perceived barriers to help-seeking, and their intentions to encourage a peer to seek help from a range of informal and formal help sources...
August 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812974/the-psychological-effects-of-unemployment-and-unsatisfactory-employment-on-young-adults-findings-from-a-10-year-longitudinal-study
#3
Anthony H Winefield, Paul H Delfabbro, Helen R Winefield, David Duong, Catia Malvaso
The purpose of the present study was to extend the external validity of an earlier longitudinal study of school leavers by including participants from a representative sample of secondary schools. Questionnaires were administered annually to a sample of South Australian school leavers over a 10-year period. At Time 1 participants were in the last compulsory year of high school aged around 15 years and at Time 10 they were aged around 25 years. Results confirmed those from an earlier longitudinal study showing that the transition from school to satisfactory employment was associated with significant improvements in psychological well-being, whereas transition from school to unemployment or unsatisfactory employment showed no change in psychological well-being...
July 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809935/effectiveness-of-a-brief-behavioural-intervention-on-psychological-distress-among-women-with-a-history-of-gender-based-violence-in-urban-kenya-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#4
Richard A Bryant, Alison Schafer, Katie S Dawson, Dorothy Anjuri, Caroline Mulili, Lincoln Ndogoni, Phiona Koyiet, Marit Sijbrandij, Jeannette Ulate, Melissa Harper Shehadeh, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic, Mark van Ommeren
BACKGROUND: Gender-based violence (GBV) represents a major cause of psychological morbidity worldwide, and particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Although there are effective treatments for common mental disorders associated with GBV, they typically require lengthy treatment programs that may limit scaling up in LMICs. The aim of this study was to test the effectiveness of a new 5-session behavioural treatment called Problem Management Plus (PM+) that lay community workers can be taught to deliver...
August 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794060/assessment-of-health-related-quality-of-life-and-psychological-well-being-of-children-and-adolescents-with-obesity-enrolled-in-a-new-zealand-community-based-intervention-programme-an-observational-study
#5
Yvonne C Anderson, Lisa E Wynter, Katharine F Treves, Cameron C Grant, Joanna M Stewart, Tami L Cave, Trecia A Wouldes, José G B Derraik, Wayne S Cutfield, Paul L Hofman
OBJECTIVE: To describe health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and psychological well-being of children and adolescents at enrolment in a multidisciplinary community-based obesity programme and to determine association with ethnicity. This programme targeted indigenous people and those from most deprived households. Further, this cohort was compared with other populations/normative data. METHODS: This study examines baseline demographic data of an unblinded randomised controlled clinical trial...
August 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771072/comparative-associations-between-achieved-bicultural-identity-achieved-ego-identity-and-achieved-religious-identity-and-adaptation-among-australian-adolescent-muslims
#6
Hisham M Abu-Rayya, Maram H Abu-Rayya, Fiona A White, Richard Walker
This study examined the comparative roles of biculturalism, ego identity, and religious identity in the adaptation of Australian adolescent Muslims. A total of 504 high school Muslim students studying at high schools in metropolitan Sydney and Melbourne, Australia, took part in this study which required them to complete a self-report questionnaire. Analyses indicated that adolescent Muslims' achieved religious identity seems to play a more important role in shaping their psychological and socio-cultural adaptation compared to adolescents' achieved bicultural identity...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764695/compliance-with-telephone-triage-advice-among-adults-aged-45%C3%A2-years-and-older-an-australian-data-linkage-study
#7
Duong Thuy Tran, Amy Gibson, Deborah Randall, Alys Havard, Mary Byrne, Maureen Robinson, Anthony Lawler, Louisa R Jorm
BACKGROUND: Middle-aged and older patients are prominent users of telephone triage services for timely access to health information and appropriate referrals. Non-compliance with advice to seek appropriate care could potentially lead to poorer health outcomes among those patients. It is imperative to assess the extent to which middle-aged and older patients follow triage advice and how this varies according to their socio-demographic, lifestyle and health characteristics as well as features of the call...
August 1, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764680/validation-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-somatic-and-psychological-health-report-sphere-in-a-young-australian-based-population-sample-using-non-parametric-item-response-theory
#8
Baptiste Couvy-Duchesne, Tracey A Davenport, Nicholas G Martin, Margaret J Wright, Ian B Hickie
BACKGROUND: The Somatic and Psychological HEalth REport (SPHERE) is a 34-item self-report questionnaire that assesses symptoms of mental distress and persistent fatigue. As it was developed as a screening instrument for use mainly in primary care-based clinical settings, its validity and psychometric properties have not been studied extensively in population-based samples. METHODS: We used non-parametric Item Response Theory to assess scale validity and item properties of the SPHERE-34 scales, collected through four waves of the Brisbane Longitudinal Twin Study (N = 1707, mean age = 12, 51% females; N = 1273, mean age = 14, 50% females; N = 1513, mean age = 16, 54% females, N = 1263, mean age = 18, 56% females)...
August 1, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764673/exploring-coronial-determination-of-intent-for-poisoning-related-deaths-in-australia-2001-2013
#9
Kate Churruca, Rebecca Mitchell
BACKGROUND: In countries like the United States and the United Kingdom, systematic variation in the classification of intent in pharmaceutical poisoning deaths have been identified between jurisdictions. This study aimed to explore whether the coronial determination of intent (unintentional, intentional, undetermined) for pharmaceutical-related poisoning deaths may have affected death rates over time and by jurisdiction in Australia. METHODS: A retrospective examination of mortality records in the National Coronial Information System (NCIS) during 1 January 2001 to 31 December 2013 was conducted...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755251/appreciating-complexity-in-adolescent-self-harm-risk-factors-psychological-profiling-in-a-longitudinal-community-sample
#10
Sarah Stanford, Michael P Jones, Jennifer L Hudson
Past research identifies a number of risk factors for adolescent self-harm, but often fails to account for overlap between these factors. This study investigated the underlying, broader concepts by identifying different psychological profiles among adolescents. We then compared new self-harm rates over a six-month period across different psychological profiles. Australian high school students (n = 326, 68.1% female) completed a questionnaire including a broad range of psychological and socioenvironmental risk and protective factors...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750543/bio-ecological-factors-associated-with-the-psychological-distress-of-fathers-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-population-based-study-of-australian-families
#11
Monique Seymour, Rebecca Giallo, Catherine E Wood
Using a bio-ecological framework, the aim of this study was to examine factors associated with psychological distress experienced by fathers of children with autism spectrum disorder from a nationally representative sample of Australian children and their families. Individual (e.g. age and self-efficacy), interpersonal (e.g. partner distress, couple relationship, child behaviour and social support) and social environmental factors (e.g. job quality and financial hardship) were explored as potential predictors of fathers' distress...
July 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744935/emergency-department-presentations-in-infants-predictors-from-an-australian-birth-cohort
#12
Julia Crilly, Cate M Cameron, Paul A Scuffham, Norm Good, Rani Scott, Gabor Mihala, Amy Sweeny, Gerben Keijzers
AIM: Infants under 12 months of age are disproportionately represented amongst emergency department (ED) presentations, and infants are more likely to be frequent ED users. This study aimed to describe and identify psychosocial predictors of ED presentation in infants. METHODS: A prospective birth cohort from Queensland and New South Wales (Environments for Healthy Living) was used to understand infant health service use. Baseline and 12-month questionnaire data pertaining to children born between 2006 and 2011 were used to identify predictors of ED presentation, using multiple regression analysis...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736897/taking-culture-seriously-can-we-improve-the-developmental-health-and-well-being-of-australian-aboriginal-children-in-out-of-home-care
#13
S Raman, S Ruston, S Irwin, P Tran, P Hotton, S Thorne
BACKGROUND: Children in out-of-home care have well-documented health and developmental needs. Research suggests that Aboriginal children in care have unmet health and intervention needs. In metropolitan Sydney, Kari Aboriginal Resources Inc. (KARI), an Aboriginal organization, provides support to indigenous children in care, including clinical assessment and intervention. We wanted to determine the health and developmental needs of a subset of children in out-of-home care with KARI, who had been in stable care for at least a year...
July 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724370/facing-unemployment-study-protocol-for-the-implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-community-based-intervention-for-psychological-well-being-promotion
#14
Ana Virgolino, Maria João Heitor, Joana Carreiras, Elisa Lopes, Simon Øverland, Steffen Torp, Dora Guðmundsdóttir, José Pereira Miguel, M Fátima Reis, Osvaldo Santos
BACKGROUND: Economic crises and unemployment have profound impact on mental health and well-being. Main goal of the Healthy Employment (HE) project is to enhance intersectoral actions promoting mental health among unemployed, namely through the implementation and effectiveness-evaluation of short-term and sustainable group interventions. METHODS: The project follows a RE-AIM-based (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation and Maintenance) framework for assessing a cognitive-behavioural and psychoeducational intervention that has been developed for promoting mental health among unemployed people...
July 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720130/psychosocial-and-behavioral-impact-of-breast-cancer-risk-assessed-by-testing-for-common-risk-variants-protocol-of-a-prospective-study
#15
Tatiane Yanes, Bettina Meiser, Mary-Anne Young, Rajneesh Kaur, Gillian Mitchell, Kristine Barlow-Stewart, Tony Roscioli, Jane Halliday, Paul James
BACKGROUND: The 'common variant, common disease' model predicts that a significant component of hereditary breast cancer unexplained by pathogenic variants in moderate or high-penetrance genes is due to the cumulative effect of common risk variants in DNA (polygenic risk). Assessing a woman's breast cancer risk by testing for common risk variants can provide useful information for women who would otherwise receive uninformative results by traditional monogenic testing. Despite increasing support for the utility of common risk variants in hereditary breast cancer, research findings have not yet been integrated into clinical practice...
July 18, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708074/into-the-woods-or-a-stroll-in-the-park-how-virtual-contact-with-nature-impacts-positive-and-negative-affect
#16
Elizabeth McAllister, Navjot Bhullar, Nicola S Schutte
This study examined the effects of virtual contact with nature on positive and negative affect, and investigated the psychological process of perceived restorativeness as a mediator of this relationship. A sample of 220 Australians aged between 18 and 75 years (M = 49.07, SD = 14.34, female = 72%) participated in the study. Participants were randomly allocated to one of the three experimental conditions experienced through video presentations: (1) 'wild' nature, (2) 'urban' nature, and (3) non-nature control...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707521/increased-risk-of-attempted-suicide-in-australian-veterans-is-associated-with-total-and-permanent-incapacitation-unemployment-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-severity
#17
Katelyn Kerr, Madeline Romaniuk, Sarah McLeay, Andrew Khoo, Michael T Dent, Mark Boshen
BACKGROUND: Military veterans have higher rates of suicidality and completed suicides compared to the general population. Previous research has demonstrated suicidal behaviour is higher in US combat veterans who are younger, suffer from posttraumatic stress disorder, depression and anxiety and score lower on measures of health. However, research on predictors of suicide for Australian veterans is limited. The aim of this study was to identify significant demographic and psychological differences between veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder who had attempted suicide and those with posttraumatic stress disorder who had not, as well as determine predictors of suicide attempts within an Australian cohort...
July 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697882/the-emotional-and-professional-wellbeing-of-australian-midwives-a-comparison-between-those-providing-continuity-of-midwifery-care-and-those-not-providing-continuity
#18
Jennifer Fenwick, Mary Sidebotham, Jenny Gamble, Debra K Creedy
BACKGROUND: Continuity of midwifery care contributes to significant positive outcomes for women and babies. There is a perception that providing continuity of care may negatively impact on the wellbeing and professional lives of midwives. AIM: To compare the emotional and professional wellbeing as well as satisfaction with time off and work-life balance of midwives providing continuity of care with midwives not providing continuity. METHOD: Online survey...
July 8, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694345/facilitating-mental-health-help-seeking-by-young-adults-with-a-dedicated-online-program-a-feasibility-study-of-link
#19
Sylvia D Kauer, Kerrie Buhagiar, Victoria Blake, Sue Cotton, Lena Sanci
OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of a dedicated online youth mental health help-seeking intervention and to evaluate using a randomised controlled trial (RCT) study design in order to identify any modifications needed before commencement of the full-scale RCT. DESIGN: A pilot RCT with 1:1 randomisation to either the intervention or comparison arm. SETTING: An online study conducted Australia-wide. PARTICIPANTS: 18-25 year olds living in Australia were recruited via social media...
July 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683578/general-practice-encounters-for-young-patients-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-australia
#20
Kitty-Rose Foley, Allan J Pollack, Helena C Britt, Nicholas G Lennox, Julian N Trollor
This study compared the patient demographics and reasons for encounter in general practice for patients <25 years with and without an autism spectrum disorder identified as a reason for encounter and/or problem managed. The Bettering the Evaluation and Care of Health programme collected information about clinical activities in Australian general practice. Each year, the programme recruited a random sample of 1000 general practitioners, each of whom collected data for 100 consecutive consultations (encounters)...
June 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
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