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Psychology australian

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135957/dietary-supplement-use-among-australian-adults-findings-from-the-2011-2012-national-nutrition-and-physical-activity-survey
#1
Alissa J Burnett, Katherine M Livingstone, Julie L Woods, Sarah A McNaughton
(1) Background: Supplement use is prevalent worldwide; however, there are limited studies examining the characteristics of people who take supplements in Australia. This study aimed to investigate the demographics, lifestyle habits and health status of supplement users; (2) Methods: Adults aged >19 years (n = 4895) were included from the 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (NNPAS). A supplement user was defined as anyone who took one or more supplements on either of two 24-h dietary recalls...
November 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129189/a-review-of-the-economic-impact-of-mental-illness
#2
Christopher M Doran, Irina Kinchin
Objective To examine the impact and cost associated with mental illness.Methods A rapid review of the literature from Australia, New Zealand, UK and Canada was undertaken. The review included literature pertaining to the cost-of-illness and impact of mental illness as well as any modelling studies. Included studies were categorised according to impact on education, labour force engagement, earlier retirement or welfare dependency. The well-accepted Drummond 10-point economic appraisal checklist was used to assess the quality of the studies...
November 13, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125906/narrative-review-of-the-educational-vocational-and-financial-needs-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer-recommendations-for-support-and-research
#3
Joanna E Fardell, Claire E Wakefield, Pandora Patterson, Alistair Lum, Richard J Cohn, Simon A Pini, Ursula M Sansom Daly
Adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer have unique needs around education and vocation during and after treatment. This narrative review series aims at documenting the unique needs of AYAs from the current literature and at providing recommendations to inform an update of the Australian National Service Delivery Framework for AYAs with Cancer. AYAs with cancer may experience impairments to cognitive, physical, and psychological functioning and health, which can adversely affect their academic grades, peer relationships, and likelihood of entering the workforce...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122788/cohort-profile-workers-compensation-in-a-changing-australian-labour-market-the-return-to-work-rtw-study
#4
Christina Dimitriadis, Anthony D LaMontagne, Rebbecca Lilley, Sheilah Hogg-Johnson, Malcolm Sim, Peter Smith
PURPOSE: Workers' compensation claims for older workers and workers who have suffered psychological injury are increasing as a proportion of total claims in many jurisdictions. In the Australian state of Victoria, claims from both these groups are associated with higher than average wage replacement and healthcare expenditures. This cohort profile describes a longitudinal study which aims to investigate differences in the return to work (RTW) process for older workers compared with younger workers and claimants with musculoskeletal injuries compared with those with psychological injuries...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111200/quality-of-life-psychological-functioning-and-treatment-satisfaction-of-men-who-have-undergone-penile-prosthesis-surgery-following-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy
#5
Brindha Pillay, Daniel Moon, Christopher Love, Denny Meyer, Emma Ferguson, Helen Crowe, Nicholas Howard, Sarah Mann, Addie Wootten
BACKGROUND: Penile prosthesis surgery is last-line treatment to regaining erectile function after radical prostatectomy (RP) for localized prostate cancer. AIMS: To assess quality of life, psychological functioning, and treatment satisfaction of men who underwent penile implantation after RP; the psychosocial correlates of treatment satisfaction and sexual function after surgery; and the relation between patients' and partners' ratings of treatment satisfaction...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105507/-factors-affecting-services-offered-to-older-adults-with-psychological-morbidity-an-exploration-of-health-professional-attitudes
#6
Jennifer White, Kath Greer, Grant Russell, Aislinn Lalor, Rene Stolwyk, Cylie Williams, Ted Brown, Terrence Haines
AIM: Poor collaboration between the multiple services involved in hospital discharge planning may contribute to suboptimal patient outcomes post discharge. This study aimed to explore clinician (medical, allied health and nursing) attitudes towards the management of the older patient with psychological morbidity during and following hospitalization. METHODS: Focus groups were held with 54 health professionals comprising of 7 from acute, 20 from subacute (geriatric assessment and rehabilitation), and 27 from community care settings...
November 6, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066986/the-mediating-effect-of-self-efficacy-in-the-connections-between-strength-based-parenting-happiness-and-psychological-distress-in-teens
#7
Daniel J Loton, Lea E Waters
Preliminary studies of strength-based parenting (SBP), a style of parenting that seeks to build strengths knowledge and strengths use in one's child, have reported benefits such as higher life satisfaction, subjective wellbeing, and positive emotions together with lower stress in children and teens. Two proximal mediators conveying these effects have been identified: teen's own use of strengths and strength-based coping, along with a small moderating effect of growth mindsets relating to strengths. The current study tests the potential mediating effect of self-efficacy, a sense of agency in life, in the relationship between SBP and mental health (wellbeing and illbeing) in teens...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063070/dietary-behaviour-changes-to-improve-nutritional-quality-and-health-outcomes
#8
REVIEW
Linda C Tapsell
This narrative review examines the changes required in dietary behaviours to address the current global burden of disease resulting from diet-associated cardiometabolic dysfunction. Beginning with known relationships between nutritional factors and health outcomes, the review identifies a number of problems with current dietary behaviours, using examples from the Australian context. Implications for practice are then discussed drawing on insights from research in dietary trials. From a concerted research effort across the globe, the effects of foods, food components and dietary patterns on cardiometabolic parameters have been reasonably well exposed...
September 2017: Chronic Dis Transl Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031097/the-tall-and-the-short-of-it-an-investigation-of-height-ideals-height-preferences-height-dissatisfaction-heightism-and-height-related-quality-of-life-impairment-among-sexual-minority-men
#9
Scott Griffiths, Stuart B Murray, Aimee Medeiros, Aaron J Blashill
Human height has attracted empirical interest from a variety of psychological perspectives. However, little research has explored height from the perspective of sexual minority men, inclusive of their height beliefs, height preferences, height dissatisfaction, experiences of heightism, and height-related quality of life impairment. We explored these height variables in 2733 sexual minority men who completed a survey distributed nationwide to Australian and New Zealander users of geosocial-networking smartphone applications...
October 11, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028562/common-and-differential-factors-associated-with-abstinence-and-poly-drug-use-among-australian-adolescents
#10
Simone Pettigrew, Michelle Jongenelis, David Lawrence, Wavne Rikkers
BACKGROUND: Social norms relating to youth substance use are changing. In Australia, alcohol use among adolescents has fallen dramatically and tobacco and cannabis use have also reduced, albeit more moderately. The aim of the present study was to identify (i) factors associated with compliance with recommendations for zero intake of alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis and (ii) factors associated with poly drug use (intake of all three substances). METHODS: As part of the Young Minds Matter Study, a self-report survey was administered to 1661 Australian adolescents aged 15-17 years...
October 10, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025357/fatherhood-in-australian-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-communities-an-examination-of-barriers-and-opportunities-to-strengthen-the-male-parenting-role
#11
Lyndon Reilly, Susan Rees
Traditional Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander societies value men's role as parents; however, the importance of promoting fatherhood as a key social determinant of men's well-being has not been fully appreciated in Western medicine. To strengthen the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander male parenting role, it is vital to examine current barriers and opportunities. The first author (a male Aboriginal health project officer) conducted yarning sessions in three remote Australian communities, two being Aboriginal, the other having a high Aboriginal population...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018064/psychoeducational-intervention-for-people-at-high-risk-of-developing-another-melanoma-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Mbathio Dieng, N A Kasparian, Shab Mireskandari, Phyllis Butow, Daniel Costa, Rachael Morton, Graham Mann, Scott Menzies, Anne Cust
INTRODUCTION: Information and psychological needs have been reported as one of the greatest areas of unmet needs for patients with melanoma. To respond to these needs, we developed the Melanoma Care Intervention, a developed psychoeducational intervention for people at high risk of developing another melanoma comprising of a newly developed melanoma educational booklet and individually tailored telephone support sessions provided by trained psychologists. The purpose of this study was to investigate the acceptability and feasibility of the Melanoma Care Intervention...
October 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993389/innovative-telemonitoring-enhanced-care-programme-for-chronic-heart-failure-itec-chf-to-improve-guideline-compliance-and-collaborative-care-protocol-of-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Hang Ding, Rajiv Jayasena, Andrew Maiorana, Alison Dowling, Sheau Huey Chen, Mohan Karunanithi, Jamie Layland, Iain Edwards
INTRODUCTION: Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a life-threatening chronic disease characterised by periodic exacerbations and recurrent hospitalisations. In the management of CHF, patient compliance with evidence-based clinical guidelines is essential, but remains difficult practically. The objective of this study is to examine whether an Innovative Telemonitoring Enhanced Care Programme for CHF (ITEC-CHF) improves patients' compliance, and associated health and economic outcomes. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: An open multicentre randomised controlled trial has been designed...
October 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988168/how-information-about-overdetection-changes-breast-cancer-screening-decisions-a-mediation-analysis-within-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Jolyn Hersch, Kevin McGeechan, Alexandra Barratt, Jesse Jansen, Les Irwig, Gemma Jacklyn, Nehmat Houssami, Haryana Dhillon, Kirsten McCaffery
OBJECTIVES: In a randomised controlled trial, we found that informing women about overdetection changed their breast screening decisions. We now present a mediation analysis exploring the psychological pathways through which study participants who received the intervention processed information about overdetection and how this influenced their decision-making. We examined a series of potential mediators in the causal chain between exposure to overdetection information and women's subsequently reported breast screening intentions...
October 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987070/impulsivity-predicts-poorer-improvement-in-quality-of-life-during-early-treatment-for-people-with-methamphetamine-dependence
#15
Adam J Rubenis, Rebecca E Fitzpatrick, Dan I Lubman, Antonio Verdejo-Garcia
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Methamphetamine dependence is associated with heightened impulsivity and diminished quality of life, but the link between impulsivity and changes in quality of life during treatment has not been examined. We aimed to investigate how different elements of impulsivity predict change in quality of life in the six weeks after engaging in treatment. DESIGN: Longitudinal, observational cohort study. SETTING: Public and private detoxification and rehabilitation facilities in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia...
October 7, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982828/associations-between-compensable-injury-perceived-fault-and-pain-and-disability-1-year-after-injury-a-registry-based-australian-cohort-study
#16
Melita J Giummarra, Katharine S Baker, Liane Ioannou, Stella M Gwini, Stephen J Gibson, Carolyn A Arnold, Jennie Ponsford, Peter Cameron
OBJECTIVES: Compensable injury increases the likelihood of having persistent pain after injury. Three-quarters of patients report chronic pain after traumatic injury, which is disabling for about one-third of patients. It is important to understand why these patients report disabling pain, in order to develop targeted preventative interventions. This study examined the experience of pain and disability, and investigated their sequential interrelationships with, catastrophising, kinesiophobia and self-efficacy 1 year after compensable and non-compensable injury...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980359/australian-homeless-persons-experiences-of-social-connectedness-isolation-and-loneliness
#17
Marlee Bower, Elizabeth Conroy, Janette Perz
Both loneliness and a lack of social integration are associated with serious physical and psychological health issues. One population highly susceptible to social isolation and loneliness are individuals who are homeless, who also experience high rates of mental disorder and relationship breakdown. Despite this, little research has explored how social networks, isolation and loneliness are experienced for those with a history of homelessness. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were used to get a nuanced understanding of how social networks and isolation are experienced and understood by individuals experiencing homelessness...
October 4, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977013/bereavement-support-for-family-caregivers-the-gap-between-guidelines-and-practice-in-palliative-care
#18
Samar M Aoun, Bruce Rumbold, Denise Howting, Amanda Bolleter, Lauren J Breen
BACKGROUND: Standards for bereavement care propose that support should be matched to risk and need. However, studies in many countries demonstrate that palliative care services continue to adopt a generic approach in offering support to bereaved families. OBJECTIVE: To identify patterns of bereavement support in palliative care services based upon the experience of bereaved people from a population based survey and in relation to clinical practice guidelines. DESIGN: An anonymous postal survey collected information from clients of six funeral providers in four Australian states (2014-15), 6 to 24 months after the death of their family member or friend, with 1,139 responding...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976267/chronic-disease-and-health-risk-behaviors-among-rural-agricultural-workforce-in-queensland
#19
Janani Pinidiyapathirage, Megan O'Shannessy, Jane Harte, Susan Brumby, Scott Kitchener
INTRODUCTION: Little is known of the lifestyle behaviors and prevalence of chronic disease in the Australian agricultural workforce. This study aimed to assess behavioral risk factors and the prevalence of chronic disease among attendees of agricultural events in rural Queensland. METHODS: Data on lifestyle risk factors and prevalence of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases were collected from participants in four separate cross-sectional studies in rural southern Queensland...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967345/assessing-distress-in-the-community-psychometric-properties-and-crosswalk-comparison-of-eight-measures-of-psychological-distress
#20
P J Batterham, M Sunderland, T Slade, A L Calear, N Carragher
BACKGROUND: Many measures are available for measuring psychological distress in the community. Limited research has compared these scales to identify the best performing tools. A common metric for distress measures would enable researchers and clinicians to equate scores across different measures. The current study evaluated eight psychological distress scales and developed crosswalks (tables/figures presenting multiple scales on a common metric) to enable scores on these scales to be equated...
October 2, 2017: Psychological Medicine
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