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Psychology australian

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724370/facing-unemployment-study-protocol-for-the-implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-community-based-intervention-for-psychological-well-being-promotion
#1
Ana Virgolino, Maria João Heitor, Joana Carreiras, Elisa Lopes, Simon Øverland, Steffen Torp, Dora Guðmundsdóttir, José Pereira Miguel, M Fátima Reis, Osvaldo Santos
BACKGROUND: Economic crises and unemployment have profound impact on mental health and well-being. Main goal of the Healthy Employment (HE) project is to enhance intersectoral actions promoting mental health among unemployed, namely through the implementation and effectiveness-evaluation of short-term and sustainable group interventions. METHODS: The project follows a RE-AIM-based (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation and Maintenance) framework for assessing a cognitive-behavioural and psychoeducational intervention that has been developed for promoting mental health among unemployed people...
July 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720130/psychosocial-and-behavioral-impact-of-breast-cancer-risk-assessed-by-testing-for-common-risk-variants-protocol-of-a-prospective-study
#2
Tatiane Yanes, Bettina Meiser, Mary-Anne Young, Rajneesh Kaur, Gillian Mitchell, Kristine Barlow-Stewart, Tony Roscioli, Jane Halliday, Paul James
BACKGROUND: The 'common variant, common disease' model predicts that a significant component of hereditary breast cancer unexplained by pathogenic variants in moderate or high-penetrance genes is due to the cumulative effect of common risk variants in DNA (polygenic risk). Assessing a woman's breast cancer risk by testing for common risk variants can provide useful information for women who would otherwise receive uninformative results by traditional monogenic testing. Despite increasing support for the utility of common risk variants in hereditary breast cancer, research findings have not yet been integrated into clinical practice...
July 18, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708074/into-the-woods-or-a-stroll-in-the-park-how-virtual-contact-with-nature-impacts-positive-and-negative-affect
#3
Elizabeth McAllister, Navjot Bhullar, Nicola S Schutte
This study examined the effects of virtual contact with nature on positive and negative affect, and investigated the psychological process of perceived restorativeness as a mediator of this relationship. A sample of 220 Australians aged between 18 and 75 years (M = 49.07, SD = 14.34, female = 72%) participated in the study. Participants were randomly allocated to one of the three experimental conditions experienced through video presentations: (1) 'wild' nature, (2) 'urban' nature, and (3) non-nature control...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707521/increased-risk-of-attempted-suicide-in-australian-veterans-is-associated-with-total-and-permanent-incapacitation-unemployment-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-severity
#4
Katelyn Kerr, Madeline Romaniuk, Sarah McLeay, Andrew Khoo, Michael T Dent, Mark Boshen
BACKGROUND: Military veterans have higher rates of suicidality and completed suicides compared to the general population. Previous research has demonstrated suicidal behaviour is higher in US combat veterans who are younger, suffer from posttraumatic stress disorder, depression and anxiety and score lower on measures of health. However, research on predictors of suicide for Australian veterans is limited. The aim of this study was to identify significant demographic and psychological differences between veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder who had attempted suicide and those with posttraumatic stress disorder who had not, as well as determine predictors of suicide attempts within an Australian cohort...
July 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697882/the-emotional-and-professional-wellbeing-of-australian-midwives-a-comparison-between-those-providing-continuity-of-midwifery-care-and-those-not-providing-continuity
#5
Jennifer Fenwick, Mary Sidebotham, Jenny Gamble, Debra K Creedy
BACKGROUND: Continuity of midwifery care contributes to significant positive outcomes for women and babies. There is a perception that providing continuity of care may negatively impact on the wellbeing and professional lives of midwives. AIM: To compare the emotional and professional wellbeing as well as satisfaction with time off and work-life balance of midwives providing continuity of care with midwives not providing continuity. METHOD: Online survey...
July 8, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694345/facilitating-mental-health-help-seeking-by-young-adults-with-a-dedicated-online-program-a-feasibility-study-of-link
#6
Sylvia D Kauer, Kerrie Buhagiar, Victoria Blake, Sue Cotton, Lena Sanci
OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of a dedicated online youth mental health help-seeking intervention and to evaluate using a randomised controlled trial (RCT) study design in order to identify any modifications needed before commencement of the full-scale RCT. DESIGN: A pilot RCT with 1:1 randomisation to either the intervention or comparison arm. SETTING: An online study conducted Australia-wide. PARTICIPANTS: 18-25 year olds living in Australia were recruited via social media...
July 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683578/general-practice-encounters-for-young-patients-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-australia
#7
Kitty-Rose Foley, Allan J Pollack, Helena C Britt, Nicholas G Lennox, Julian N Trollor
This study compared the patient demographics and reasons for encounter in general practice for patients <25 years with and without an autism spectrum disorder identified as a reason for encounter and/or problem managed. The Bettering the Evaluation and Care of Health programme collected information about clinical activities in Australian general practice. Each year, the programme recruited a random sample of 1000 general practitioners, each of whom collected data for 100 consecutive consultations (encounters)...
June 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675639/prevalence-and-associations-of-psychological-distress-in-australian-junior-medical-officers
#8
Michelle W Lau, Wenlong Eric Li, Anthony Llewellyn, Allan M Cyna
AIMS: To determine the prevalence of psychological distress in Australian Junior Medical Officers (JMOs) and investigate the determinants associated with psychological distress over a three year (2014-2016) period. METHODS: JMOs were surveyed using the 2014-2016 JMO Census (n = 220, 399, and 466 each year, response rate approximately 15%). Levels of psychological distress were assessed using the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10). A K10≥ 25 was chosen to indicate high psychological distress and this determinant was compared to various demographic and work-related factors...
July 4, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675041/use-of-mental-health-services-by-australian-medical-students-a-cross-sectional-survey
#9
Geoffrey Ryan, Ian Marley, Melanie Still, Zaza Lyons, Sean Hood
OBJECTIVE: Medical students have higher rates of mental illness compared to the general population. Little is known about services accessed by medical students for mental-health problems. This study aimed to assess the use of mental-health services by Australian medical students and to identify barriers that may prevent students from using mental-health services. METHOD: A cross-sectional online survey was designed and administered to medical students at the University of Western Australia...
June 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648090/effectiveness-of-a-10-week-group-program-based-on-dialectical-behaviour-therapy-skills-among-patients-with-personality-and-mood-disorders-findings-from-a-pilot-study
#10
Agatha M Conrad, Anoop Sankaranarayanan, Terry J Lewin, Anna Dunbar
OBJECTIVES: Community mental health services are often required to manage people experiencing repeated crises. Personality disorders are not uncommon, accounting for up to one-third of such presentations. These patients are often difficult to treat, leading to a revolving-door phenomenon. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a pilot intervention in reducing psychological symptoms and distress, and examined the impact of the intervention on mental health service utilization. METHODS: A pre- versus post-treatment evaluation was conducted of the effectiveness of a 10-week group psychological intervention based on Dialectical Behaviour Therapy skills, conducted in a regional Australian community mental health service with patients diagnosed with either Cluster B personality disorder or a mood disorder...
June 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624761/factors-influencing-psychological-social-and-health-outcomes-after-major-burn-injuries-in-adults-cohort-study-protocol
#11
Martha Druery, Peter A Newcombe, Cate M Cameron, Jeffrey Lipman
INTRODUCTION: The goal of burn care is that 'the quality of the outcome must be worth the pain of survival'. More research is needed to understand how best to deliver care for patients with burns to achieve this aim. Loss of independence, function as well as loss of income for patients with burns and carers cause a significant burden at both individual and societal levels. Much is being done to advance knowledge in the clinical care field; however, there has been a paucity of research exploring psychosocial outcomes...
June 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616882/bullying-among-18-to-23-year-old-women-in-2013
#12
Natalie Townsend, Jennifer Powers, Deborah Loxton
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of bullying among women aged 18-23 in 2013, and to describe the demographic characteristics, health and risk factors of those who experienced bullying. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis using data from the 1989-95 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health, a nationally representative cohort (n=16,801). RESULTS: More than one-quarter of women (28.4%) indicated they had never been bullied, 53...
June 14, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615007/rhythm-centred-music-making-in-community-living-elderly-a-randomized-pilot-study
#13
Angela Frances Yap, Yu Heng Kwan, Chuen Seng Tan, Syed Ibrahim, Seng Bin Ang
BACKGROUND: Quality of life has become an important aspect in the measurement of the health of an individual as the population ages. Rhythm-centred music making (RMM) has been shown to improve physical, psychological and social health. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of RMM on quality of life, depressive mood, sleep quality and social isolation in the elderly. METHODS: A randomised controlled trial with cross over was conducted. 54 participants were recruited with 27 participants in each arm...
June 14, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603552/problem-management-plus-pm-in-the-management-of-common-mental-disorders-in-a-specialized-mental-healthcare-facility-in-pakistan-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Syed Usman Hamdani, Zainab Ahmed, Marit Sijbrandij, Huma Nazir, Aqsa Masood, Parveen Akhtar, Hania Amin, Richard A Bryant, Katie Dawson, Mark van Ommeren, Atif Rahman, Fareed Aslam Minhas
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) has developed Problem Management Plus (PM+), a 5-session, psychological intervention program delivered by trained non-specialist that addresses common mental disorders. The objectives of this study are to evaluate effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of PM+ in a specialized mental health care facility in Pakistan. METHODS: A single blind individual randomized controlled trial (RCT) will be carried out in the outpatient department of a specialized mental healthcare facility in Rawalpindi, Pakistan...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600859/health-status-of-marginalised-young-people-in-unstable-accommodation
#15
Emily Klineberg, Veronica Vatiliotis, Melissa Kang, Sharon Medlow, Lucinda Sullivan, Michael Cummings, Graeme Pringle, Katharine Steinbeck
AIM: More than 26 000 Australians aged 12-24 years experience homelessness, yet data on the health status of homeless youth remain limited. The aim of this study was to describe the health of young people attending a youth health service in Western Sydney who were experiencing homelessness. METHODS: Retrospective case note review for clients aged 12-25 years attending Youth Health Services in Western Sydney. Extracted data included: homelessness status; demographics; physical health issues; mental health issues; involvement with juvenile justice; and disengagement from education or employment...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599187/the-impact-of-antecedent-trauma-exposure-and-mental-health-symptoms-on-the-post-deployment-mental-health-of-afghanistan-deployed-australian-troops
#16
Amelia K Searle, Miranda Van Hooff, Ellie R Lawrence-Wood, Blair S Grace, Elizabeth J Saccone, Carol P Davy, Michelle Lorimer, Alexander C McFarlane
BACKGROUND: Both traumatic deployment experiences and antecedent traumas increase personnel's risk of developing PTSD and depression. However, only cross-sectional studies have assessed whether antecedent trauma moderates stress reactions to deployment experiences. This study prospectively examines whether antecedent trauma moderates the association between deployment trauma and post-deployment PTSD and depressive symptoms after accounting for antecedent mental health problems, in a large Australian Defence Force (ADF) sample...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562646/longitudinal-changes-in-personal-wellbeing-in-a-cohort-of-people-who-inject-drugs
#17
Nick Scott, Elise R Carrotte, Peter Higgs, Mark A Stoové, Campbell K Aitken, Paul M Dietze
AIMS: To determine whether the self-reported personal wellbeing of a cohort of people who inject drugs (PWID) changes over time, and to identify longitudinal correlates of change. METHODS: We used Personal Wellbeing Index (PWI) scores reported between April 2008 and February 2015 by 757 PWID (66% male) enrolled in the Melbourne Injecting Drug Use Cohort Study (2,862 interviews; up to seven follow-up waves). A mixed-effects model was used to identify correlations between changes in temporal variables and changes in individual PWI scores while controlling for demographic variables...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560949/a-conceptual-model-redesigning-how-we-provide-palliative-care-for-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#18
Jennifer Philip, Gregory Crawford, Caroline Brand, Michelle Gold, Belinda Miller, Peter Hudson, Natasha Smallwood, Rosalind Lau, Vijaya Sundararajan
BACKGROUND: Despite significant needs, patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) make limited use of palliative care, in part because the current models of palliative care do not address their key concerns. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to develop a tailored model of palliative care for patients with COPD and their family caregivers. METHOD: Based on information gathered within a program of studies (qualitative research exploring experiences, a cohort study examining service use), an expert advisory committee evaluated and integrated data, developed responses, formulated principles to inform care, and made recommendations for practice...
May 31, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555499/dangerous-sadness-nervoza-among-first-and-second-generation-macedonian-immigrants-to-australia
#19
Aleksandar Misev, Christine B Phillips
OBJECTIVE: Nervoza is a commonly-used illness category among Macedonian Australians. Although nervoza belongs broadly to the category of 'nerve illnesses' little is known of its meaning among Macedonian immigrants, and whether there is intergenerational attrition in its meaning and use. We aimed to explore how nervoza and its treatment are perceived by members of the Macedonian community in Australia. DESIGN: In-depth interviews in Macedonian with 18 participants from the Macedonian community in Melbourne, Australia...
May 30, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555121/risk-factors-for-gambling-problems-on-online-electronic-gaming-machines-race-betting-and-sports-betting
#20
Nerilee Hing, Alex M Russell, Matthew Browne
Growth of Internet gambling has fuelled concerns about its contribution to gambling problems. However, most online gamblers also gamble on land-based forms, which may be the source of problems for some. Studies therefore need to identify the problematic mode of gambling (online or offline) to identify those with an online gambling problem. Identifying most problematic form of online gambling (e.g., EGMs, race betting, sports betting) would also enable a more accurate examination of gambling problems attributable to a specific online gambling form...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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