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Psychology australian

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764218/coping-with-shift-work-related-circadian-disruption-a-mixed-methods-case-study-on-napping-and-caffeine-use-in-australian-nurses-and-midwives
#1
Stephanie Centofanti, Siobhan Banks, Antonietta Colella, Caroline Dingle, Lisa Devine, Helen Galindo, Sophie Pantelios, Gorjana Brkic, Jillian Dorrian
INTRODUCTION: Two of the most ubiquitous fatigue countermeasures used by shift-working nurses are napping and caffeine. This mixed-methods case study investigated the ways nurses and midwives utilised napping and caffeine countermeasures to cope with shift work, and associated sleep, physical health and psychological health outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: N = 130 Australian shift-working nurses and midwives (mean age = 44 years, range = 21-67, 115F, 15M) completed the Standard Shiftwork Index...
May 15, 2018: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757770/the-unmet-supportive-care-needs-of-arab-australian-and-arab-jordanian-cancer-survivors-an-international-comparative-survey
#2
Ibrahim M Alananzeh, Janelle V Levesque, Cannas Kwok, Yenna Salamonson, Bronwyn Everett
BACKGROUND: Research exploring the unmet supportive care needs of Arab cancer survivors is limited, with most conducted with immigrant groups. No study has compared the unmet supportive care needs of immigrant Arab cancer survivors with Arab cancer survivors living in their native country. OBJECTIVE: To explore the unmet supportive care needs of both Arab Australian and Arab Jordanian cancer survivors. METHODS: Arab people living in Sydney, Australia, and Amman, Jordan, and diagnosed with cancer within the last 5 years were invited to complete a questionnaire that measured unmet supportive care needs, depression, and language acculturation...
May 14, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754597/re-wired-treatment-and-peer-support-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men-who-use-methamphetamine
#3
Kent Burgess, Garth Parkhill, Jeremy Wiggins, Simon Ruth, Mark Stoovè
Background This paper examines a methamphetamine treatment and peer support program for gay men and other men who have sex with men (MSM) who use methamphetamine. Australian MSM use illicit drugs including methamphetamine at significantly higher rates than the broader community.1,2 Methamphetamine rates are higher again amongst HIV positive MSM. Methamphetamine in the MSM community is associated with sexual activity and may be associated with psychosocial harms including risk of the transmission of HIV and sexually transmissible infections...
April 2018: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752533/risk-and-protective-factors-for-mental-health-at-a-youth-mass-gathering
#4
Tegan Cruwys, Alexander K Saeri, Helena R M Radke, Zoe C Walter, Daniel Crimston, Laura J Ferris
BACKGROUND: Mass gatherings are well-documented for their public health risks; however, little research has examined their impact on mental health or focused on young people specifically. This study explores risk and protective factors for mental health at mass gatherings, with a particular focus on characterising attendees with high levels of psychological distress and risk taking. METHOD: Data collection was conducted in situ at "Schoolies", an annual informal week-long mass gathering of approximately 30,000 Australian school leavers...
May 11, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747563/psychological-distress-in-remote-mining-and-construction-workers-in-australia
#5
Jennifer Bowers, Johnny Lo, Peta Miller, Daveena Mawren, Brooklyn Jones
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence and correlates of psychological distress in a sample of remote mining and construction workers in Australia. Design, setting: A cross-sectional, anonymous Wellbeing and Lifestyle Survey at ten mining sites in South Australia and Western Australia, administered at meetings held during 2013-2015. PARTICIPANTS: 1124 employees at remote construction, and open cut and underground mining sites completed the survey. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: General psychological distress (Kessler Psychological Distress Scale, K10) and self-reported overall mental health status; work, lifestyle and family factors correlated with level of psychological distress...
May 14, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746723/postincident-support-for-healthcare-workers-experiencing-occupational-violence-and-aggression
#6
Tracey Shea, Brian Cooper, Helen De Cieri, Cathy Sheehan, Ross Donohue, Sarah Lindsay
PURPOSE: To investigate the relative contributions of workplace type, occupational violence and aggression (OVA) strategies and interventions along with perceptions of the occupational health and safety (OHS) environment on the likelihood of receiving postincident support following the experience of OVA. DESIGN: We used a cross-sectional study design with an online survey to collect data from employees in nursing and midwifery in Victoria, Australia. METHODS: Survey data collected from 3,072 members of the Australian Nursing and Midwifery Federation (Victorian branch) were analyzed using logistic regression...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742522/the-effects-of-emotional-intelligence-training-on-the-job-performance-of-australian-aged-care-workers
#7
Leila Karimi, Sandra G Leggat, Timothy Bartram, Jiri Rada
BACKGROUND: Emotional intelligence (EI) training is popular among human resource practitioners, but there is limited evidence of the impact of such training on health care workers. PURPOSE: In the current article, we examine the effects of EI training on quality of resident care and worker well-being and psychological empowerment in an Australian aged care facility. We use Bar-On's (1997) conceptualization of EI. METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: We used a quasiexperimental design in 2014-2015 with experimental (training) and control (nontraining) groups of 60 participants in each group in two geographically separate facilities...
May 9, 2018: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735902/the-challenges-of-predicting-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviours-in-a-sample-of-rural-australians-with-depression
#8
Tonelle Handley, Jane Rich, Kate Davies, Terry Lewin, Brian Kelly
Suicide is a leading cause of death, particularly in rural and remote areas. Although depression is strongly related to both suicidal ideation and attempt, it lacks specificity as a predictor, and little is known about characteristics that increase suicide risk among people with depression. A telephone version of the World Mental Health Composite International Diagnostic Interview explored lifetime depression, suicidal ideation, suicide attempt, and related factors among a community-dwelling sample of rural and remote Australians, selected for an interview based on a screener for psychological distress (100% of those with high distress, 75% of those with moderate distress, and 16% of those with low distress)...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733115/food-knowledge-and-psychological-state-predict-adherence-to-a-gluten-free-diet-in-a-survey-of-5310-australians-and-new-zealanders-with-coeliac-disease
#9
E P Halmos, M Deng, S R Knowles, K Sainsbury, B Mullan, J A Tye-Din
BACKGROUND: A gluten-free diet treats coeliac disease, but its efficacy depends on strict adherence. A variety of patient factors may influence adherence but have not been well described at a population level. AIM: To comprehensively assess the patient factors that influence gluten-free diet adherence in patients with coeliac disease. METHODS: Patients with coeliac disease completed an online survey comprising the validated Celiac Dietary Adherence Test in addition to data on demographics, details of diagnosis and management and assessment of diet knowledge, quality of life and psychological distress...
May 7, 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726287/disability-concentration-and-access-to-rehabilitation-services-a-pilot-spatial-assessment-applying-geographic-information-system-analysis
#10
Fengsong Gao, Michele Foster, Yan Liu
PURPOSE: Due to geographical disparities, many people with profound or severe disabilities experience considerable delays in rehabilitation treatment, resulting in threats to quality of life. This pilot study aims to identify areas in Greater Brisbane, Australia, with a higher concentration of people with profound or severe disabilities and to evaluate access to rehabilitation services in these areas. METHODS: Data came from the 2016 Australian Census of Population and Housing and the National Health Services Directory...
May 4, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720208/smartphone-based-ecological-momentary-assessment-and-intervention-in-a-coping-focused-intervention-for-hearing-voices-savvy-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Imogen H Bell, Sarah F Fielding-Smith, Mark Hayward, Susan L Rossell, Michelle H Lim, John Farhall, Neil Thomas
BACKGROUND: Smartphone-based ecological momentary assessment and intervention (EMA/I) show promise for enhancing psychological treatments for psychosis. EMA has the potential to improve assessment and formulation of experiences which fluctuate day-to-day, and EMI may be used to prompt use of therapeutic strategies in daily life. The current study is an examination of these capabilities in the context of a brief, coping-focused intervention for distressing voice hearing experiences. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a rater-blinded, pilot randomised controlled trial comparing a four-session intervention in conjunction with use of smartphone EMA/I between sessions, versus treatment-as-usual...
May 2, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709718/commonly-available-activity-tracker-apps-and-wearables-as-a-mental-health-outcome-indicator-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study-among-young-adults-with-psychological-distress
#12
Alissa Knight, Niranjan Bidargaddi
BACKGROUND: Monitoring is integral to adequately recognise and track mental health indicators of symptoms and functioning. Early identification of warning signs from digital footprints could facilitate adaptive and dynamic just in-time monitoring and care for individuals with common mental disorders. METHODS: Self-report data on mental health and lifestyle behaviour from 120 male and female Australian young adults experiencing psychological distress were collected online...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697988/emotion-regulation-mental-health-and-social-wellbeing-in-a-young-adolescent-sample-a-concurrent-and-longitudinal-investigation
#13
Elizabeth Chervonsky, Caroline Hunt
Previous research has established that the ability to manage emotions effectively is critical to healthy psychological and social development in adolescents. However, less research has considered the relationships between specific emotion regulation (ER) strategies, such as reappraisal and suppression, and social wellbeing in this age group. The current study investigated the concurrent and longitudinal relationships between 2 ER strategies (reappraisal and suppression) and social outcomes (peer victimization, friendship satisfaction, and family satisfaction) in young adolescents...
April 26, 2018: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696731/perceived-stress-and-well-being-in-uk-and-australian-dental-hygiene-and-dental-therapy-students
#14
M Harris, J C Wilson, S Hughes, R J M Knevel, D R Radford
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to explore United Kingdom (UK) and Australian (Aus) dental hygiene and dental therapy students' (DHDTS) perception of stress and well-being during their undergraduate education. Upon qualification, DHDTS in the UK register as dental therapists (DT), and in Australia, they register as Oral Health Therapists (OHT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to years 1, 2 and 3 DHDTS at the University of Portsmouth Dental Academy (UPDA) in the UK and La Trobe Rural Health School in Australia...
April 25, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678156/development-and-validation-of-pozqol-a-scale-to-assess-quality-of-life-of-plhiv
#15
Graham Brown, Gosia Mikołajczak, Anthony Lyons, Jennifer Power, Fraser Drummond, Aaron Cogle, Brent Allan, Craig Cooper, Simon O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Advances in medical treatment for HIV are driving major changes in HIV policy and practice, including the encouragement of intake and adherence to HIV antiretroviral treatment (ART) by people living with HIV (PLHIV) for both personal and public health benefits. However, there is increasing recognition that achieving these goals will require a concurrent focus on the broader psychological and social wellbeing of PLHIV. Increasingly calls are being been made to incorporate a stronger focus on quality of life (QoL) of PLHIV into HIV prevention policy...
April 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672975/self-recognition-of-mental-health-problems-in-a-rural-australian-sample
#16
Tonelle E Handley, Terry J Lewin, David Perkins, Brian Kelly
OBJECTIVE: Although mental health literacy has increased in recent years, mental illness is often under-recognised. There has been little research conducted on mental illness in rural areas; however, this can be most prominent in rural areas due to factors such as greater stigma and stoicism. The aim of this study is to create a profile of those who are most and least likely to self-identify mental health problems among rural residents with moderate- to-high psychological distress. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a longitudinal postal survey...
April 19, 2018: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669704/incorporating-a-static-versus-supportive-mobile-phone-app-into-a-partial-meal-replacement-program-with-face-to-face-support-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Emily Brindal, Gilly A Hendrie, Jill Freyne, Manny Noakes
BACKGROUND: Mobile phone apps may be acceptable to users and could improve retention and adherence over more traditional methods, but there is mixed literature supporting their efficacy. In the weight management space, very little is known about how a mobile phone app integrating features beyond text messaging (short message service) can affect behavior, particularly when combined with face-to-face support. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a mobile phone app when combined with a partial meal replacement program including face-to-face support...
April 18, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667070/differences-in-use-of-government-subsidised-mental-health-services-by-men-and-women-with-psychological-distress-a-study-of-229-628-australians-aged-45-years-and-over
#18
Xenia Dolja-Gore, Deborah Loxton, Catherine D'Este, Fiona Blyth, Julie Byles
This study examined factors associated with use of government subsidised mental health services by 229,628 men and women from the Sax Institute's 45 and Up Study. Logistical regression models assessed use of mental health services by gender and according to level of psychological distress. Approximately equal proportion of men and women had high psychological distress scores (approximately 7%) but only 7% of these men and 11% of these women used services. Use was associated with predisposing (younger age and higher education), enabling (private health insurance) and need factors (higher psychological distress scores)...
April 17, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665851/psychological-distress-increases-the-risk-of-falling-into-poverty-amongst-older-australians-the-overlooked-costs-of-illness
#19
Emily J Callander, Deborah J Schofield
BACKGROUND: This paper aimed to identify whether high psychological distress is associated with an increased risk of income and multidimensional poverty amongst older adults in Australia. METHODS: We undertook longitudinal analysis of the nationally representative Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australian (HILDA) survey using modified Poisson regression models to estimate the relative risk of falling into income poverty and multidimensional poverty between 2010 and 2012 for males and females, adjusting for age, employment status, place of residence, marital status and housing tenure; and Population Attributable Risk methodology to estimate the proportion of poverty directly attributable to psychological distress, measured by the Kessler 10 scale...
April 17, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652531/adult-narratives-of-the-psychosocial-impact-of-cleft-in-a-western-australian-cohort
#20
Wendy Nicholls, Martin Persson, Suzanne Robinson, Linda Selvey
BACKGROUND: Living with a cleft condition involves many years of multidisciplinary therapy, treatment, and surgical intervention. This complex process may have both physical and psychosocial long-term impacts. There is limited evidence of the psychosocial impact of cleft on individuals in Australia. AIM: To obtain an understanding of the adult patient perception of having a cleft and explore the impact of the condition on their lives. DESIGN: Qualitative methodologies at one case study site in Western Australia...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
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