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Psychology australian

Najith Amarasena, Kostas Kapellas, Michael R Skilton, Louise J Maple-Brown, Alex Brown, Mark Bartold, Kerin O'Dea, David Celermajer, Lisa M Jamieson
OBJECTIVES: To determine factors associated with routine dental attendance in Aboriginal Australians. METHODS: Data of 271 Aboriginal adults residing in Australia's Northern Territory were used. Routine dental attendance was defined as last visiting a dentist less than one year ago or visiting a dentist for a check-up. Both bivariate and multivariable analytical techniques were used. RESULTS: While 27% visited a dentist in the past year, 29% of these visited for a check-up...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Tim Mitchell, Hannah Gooding, Cathy Mews, Leon Adams, Gerry MacQuillan, George Garas, Madhur Ravikumara, Ainslie Lopez, Megan Collins, Gary Jeffrey
Transition to adult care is a vulnerable period for pediatric transplant recipients and is associated with reduced medication compliance, graft loss, and increased mortality. Psychosocial outcomes in young adults differ between pediatric transplant recipients and their healthy peers. We conducted a single-center, retrospective cohort study of all pediatric liver transplant recipients who were transitioned through our center. This study aimed to assess the outcomes of transitioned pediatric liver transplant recipients at an Australian center, including mortality, adherence, and psychosocial morbidity...
October 20, 2016: Pediatric Transplantation
Matthew Tredrea, Ben Dascombe, Colin E Sanctuary, Aaron Terrence Scanlan
This study aimed to identify attributes that discriminate selected from non-selected players and predict selection into a rugby league development programme in older adolescent players. Anthropometric, performance and psychological attributes were measured in under-16 (N = 100) and under-18 (N = 60) rugby league players trialling for selection into a development programme with a professional Australian club. Sprint times (P < 0.001), predicted VO2max (P = 0.002) and push-ups1 min (P = 0.004) were superior in selected under-16 players, and sprint times (P ≤ 0...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Bridget Bassilios, Angela Nicholas, Lennart Reifels, Kylie King, Justine Fletcher, Anna Machlin, Maria Ftanou, Grant Blashki, Philip Burgess, Jane Pirkis
BACKGROUND: Introduced in July 2001, Australian Access to Allied Psychological Services (ATAPS) was the inaugural national policy initiative to provide community access to government-funded psychological services in primary care. Our aim was to examine the achievements of ATAPS in relation to its stated objectives using a set of indicators that largely drew on data from a minimum data set that we designed for the evaluation of ATAPS. METHODS: We used de-identified professional-, consumer- and session-level data from the minimum dataset, and secondary analyses of our quantitative and qualitative data collected for a series of specific evaluation studies...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Lauren G Staples, Vincent J Fogliati, Blake F Dear, Olav Nielssen, Nickolai Titov
BACKGROUND: The Wellbeing Plus Course is an internet-delivered psychological intervention for older adults with anxiety or depression. AIMS: To compare the effectiveness of the Wellbeing Plus Course in a public health setting (clinic group) with its efficacy in a randomised controlled trial (research group). METHOD: Participants (n=949) were Australian adults aged 60 and above. Primary outcome measures were the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7)...
September 2016: BJPsych Open
Bridget Bassilios, Angela Nicholas, Lennart Reifels, Kylie King, Matthew J Spittal, Justine Fletcher, Jane Pirkis
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the uptake by children aged predominantly 0-11 years of an Australian primary mental health service - the Access to Allied Psychological Services programme - which began in 2001. In particular, it considers access to, and use of, the child component of Access to Allied Psychological Services, the Child Mental Health Service, introduced in 2010. METHOD: Using routinely collected programme data from a national minimum dataset and regional population data, we conducted descriptive and regression analysis to examine programme uptake, predictors of service reach and consumer- and treatment-based characteristics of service...
September 30, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Kim Foster, Alexandra Young, Rebecca Mitchell, Connie Van, Kate Curtis
INTRODUCTION: Physical injury is a leading cause of death and disability among children worldwide and the largest cause of paediatric hospital admission. Parents of critically injured children are at increased risk of developing mental and emotional distress in the aftermath of child injury. In the Australian context, there is limited evidence on parent experiences of child injury and hospitalisation, and minimal understanding of their support needs. The aim of this investigation was to explore parents' experiences of having a critically injured child during the acute hospitalisation phase of injury, and to determine their support needs during this time...
September 23, 2016: Injury
Martin Hua, Tristan Boonstra, Patrick J Kelly, Andrew Wilson, Jonathan C Craig, Angela C Webster
OBJECTIVES: The Medical Services Advisory Committee (MSAC) makes recommendations to the Australian Government for funding health technologies under the Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS). Differences in public, clinical, commercial, and political opinions on health expenditure emphasize the importance of defensible funding decisions. We aimed to evaluate the quality of health technology assessment (HTA) reports over time and among health technologies assessed for MSAC. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: A cohort study was performed of HTA reports prepared for MSAC between 1998 and 2013...
October 3, 2016: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
Rebecca R Langdon, Herbert C Biggs, Bevan Rowland
BACKGROUND: Australia's mineral, resource and infrastructure sectors continues to expand as operations in rural and remote locations increasingly rely on fly-in, fly-out or drive-in, drive-out workforces in order to become economically competitive. The issues in effectively managing these workforces are becoming more apparent with reported high amounts of turnover and concerns for safety and performance. The issues presented include a range of physical, mental, psychosocial, safety and community challenges...
October 17, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Susan Baidawi, Christopher Trotter
Physical and functional health issues among older prisoners may be difficult to address in an environment designed for younger inmates. This article investigates the relationships between older prisoners' health, their experiences of the prison environment and health services, and their levels of psychological distress. One hundred and seventy-three older prisoners (aged 50 years and older) from eight Australian prisons were interviewed using the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale, with additional information collected from prisoner interviews and correctional health files...
October 2016: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Nick Scott, Elise R Carrotte, Peter Higgs, Shelley Cogger, Mark A Stoové, Campbell K Aitken, Paul M Dietze
BACKGROUND: Previous research into psychological distress among people who inject drugs (PWID) is predominantly cross-sectional; we determined longitudinal predictors of change in psychological distress among a cohort of PWID. METHOD: We examined Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) scores from 564 PWID (66% male) enrolled in the Melbourne Injecting Drug User Cohort Study. Gender-stratified linear models with fixed effects for each participant were used to examine correlates of change in individual K10 scores...
September 11, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Ramony Chan, Blake F Dear, Nick Titov, Josephine Chow, Michael Suranyi
OBJECTIVE: Treating depression among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is imperative because of its high prevalence and health-related costs. However, many patients with CKD experience significant barriers to effective face-to-face psychological treatments. Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (iCBT) may help overcome the treatment barriers. The aim of the present study was to explore the acceptability and preliminary efficacy of iCBT for depression and anxiety among patients with CKD on haemodialysis...
October 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Rebecca C Nolan, Annette J Raynor, Narelle M Berry, Esther J May
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to survey the level of self-reported physical activity in people with type 2 diabetes, with and without peripheral neuropathy. METHODS: A sample of South Australian adults (n=481) 33 to 88 years of age who had type 2 diabetes, including 55 people with peripheral neuropathy, completed the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Levels of self-reported physical activity were compared between those with and without peripheral neuropathy...
September 19, 2016: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
Paul H Delfabbro, Helen R Winefield, Anthony H Winefield, Anne Hammarström
There is considerable public health interest in understanding what factors during adolescence predict longer-term drinking patterns in adulthood. The aim of this study was to examine gender differences in the age 15 social and psychological predictors of less healthy drinking patterns in early adulthood. The study investigates the relative importance of internalising problems, other risky health behaviours, and peer relationships after controlling for family background characteristics. A sample of 812 young people who provided complete alcohol consumption data from the age of 15 to 20 years (5 measurement points) were drawn from South Australian secondary schools and given a detailed survey concerning their psychological and social wellbeing...
2016: Journal of Addiction
Behzad Hajarizadeh, Jacqui Richmond, Naomi Ngo, Jayne Lucke, Jack Wallace
BACKGROUND: The psychological wellbeing of people with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) may be negatively affected due to the chronic and transmissible nature of the disease, and possible serious complications (e.g. cirrhosis and liver cancer). There are limited data investigating concerns and anxieties among people living with CHB. OBJECTIVES: This study examined feelings about having hepatitis B among people with CHB, including hepatitis B-related concerns and anxieties...
June 2016: Hepatitis Monthly
Rafat Hussain, Stuart Wark, Gina Dillon, Peta Ryan
OBJECTIVE: To report on self-reported physical and mental health of informal carers in rural regions of New South Wales, Australia. METHODS: A cross-sectional community-based sample (n=222) of carers completed a questionnaire incorporating self-reported measures of health from validated international instruments including Medical Outcomes Study Scale (SF-36), the Centre for Epidemiology-Depression (CES-D) and Kessler-10 (K-10) Psychological Distress Scales, along with information on participant demographics and other key caregiving characteristics such as health condition of care recipient...
September 13, 2016: BMJ Open
Zhiyun Wang, Jianping Wang, Andreas Maercker
BACKGROUND: Insight into user adherence to Web-based intervention programs and into its relationship to intervention effect is needed. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine use of a Web-based self-help intervention program, the Chinese version of My Trauma Recovery (CMTR), among Chinese traumatized individuals, and to investigate the relationship between program use and user characteristics before the intervention and change in outcomes after the intervention and at 3-months' follow-up...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Silvia Pignata, Anthony H Winefield, Chris Provis, Carolyn M Boyd
PURPOSE: This study examined the factors that predict employees' perceptions of procedural justice in university settings. The paper also reviews the ethical aspects of justice and psychological contracts within employment relationships. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: The study examined the predictors of perceived procedural justice in a two-wave longitudinal sample of 945 employees from 13 universities by applying the Job Demands-Resources theoretical model of stress...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Lauren J Taylor, Valsamma Eapen, Murray T Maybery, Sue Midford, Jessica Paynter, Lyndsay Quarmby, Timothy Smith, Katrina Williams, Andrew J O Whitehouse
OBJECTIVES: There is currently no agreed Australian standard for the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) even though there are specific diagnostic services available. We suspected inconsistency in the diagnostic practices of health professionals in Australia and aimed to assess these practices across the nation by surveying all relevant professional groups. DESIGN: In this study, we completed a survey of 173 health professionals whose clinical practice includes participating in the diagnostic process for ASD in Australia...
2016: BMJ Open
Matias B Yudi, David J Clark, David Tsang, Michael Jelinek, Katie Kalten, Subodh Joshi, Khoa Phan, Arthur Nasis, John Amerena, Sandeep Arunothayaraj, Chris Reid, Omar Farouque
BACKGROUND: There are well-documented treatment gaps in secondary prevention of coronary heart disease and no clear guidelines to assist early physical activity after acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Smartphone technology may provide an innovative platform to close these gaps. This paper describes the study design of a randomized controlled trial assessing whether a smartphone-based secondary prevention program can facilitate early physical activity and improve cardiovascular health in patients with ACS...
September 5, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
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