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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922448/the-second-randomised-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-cost-effectiveness-and-acceptability-of-computerised-therapy-reeact-2-trial-does-the-provision-of-telephone-support-enhance-the-effectiveness-of-computer-delivered-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-a-randomised
#1
Sally Brabyn, Ricardo Araya, Michael Barkham, Peter Bower, Cindy Cooper, Ana Duarte, David Kessler, Sarah Knowles, Karina Lovell, Elizabeth Littlewood, Richard Mattock, Stephen Palmer, Jodi Pervin, David Richards, Debbie Tallon, David White, Simon Walker, Gillian Worthy, Simon Gilbody
BACKGROUND: Computerised cognitive behaviour therapy (cCBT) is an efficient form of therapy potentially improving access to psychological care. Indirect evidence suggests that the uptake and effectiveness of cCBT can be increased if facilitated by telephone, but this is not routinely offered in the NHS. OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of telephone-facilitated free-to-use cCBT [e.g. MoodGYM (National Institute for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia)] with minimally supported cCBT...
November 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919251/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-sensory-awareness-training-and-additional-motor-practice-for-learning-scalpel-skills-in-podiatry-students
#2
Ryan S Causby, Michelle N McDonnell, Lloyd Reed, Susan L Hillier
BACKGROUND: The process of using a scalpel, like all other motor activities, is dependent upon the successful integration of afferent (sensory), cognitive and efferent (motor) processes. During learning of these skills, even if motor practice is carefully monitored there is still an inherent risk involved. It is also possible that this strategy could reinforce high levels of anxiety experienced by the student and affect student self-efficacy, causing detrimental effects on motor learning...
December 5, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905677/coping-and-caring-support-resources-integral-to-perioperative-nurses-during-the-process-of-organ-procurement-surgery
#3
Zaneta Smith, Gavin Leslie, Dianne Wynaden
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: This paper, discusses and explores the levels of support provided to perioperative nurses' when participating in multi-organ procurement surgery and the impact to their overall well-being. BACKGROUND: Assisting within multi-organ procurement surgical procedures has been recognised to impact on the well-being of perioperative nurses leaving little opportunity for them to recover from their participation or to seek available support resources. To date, this area has remained largely unexplored with limited evidence of how nurses manage and cope with these procedures, in addition to the support received in the workplace...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899094/research-protocol-for-a-digital-intervention-to-reduce-stigma-among-males-with-a-personal-experience-of-suicide-in-the-australian-farming-community
#4
Alison J Kennedy, Vincent Lawrence Versace, Susan A Brumby
BACKGROUND: Australian farming communities have up to twice the suicide rate of the general population. Men, particularly, demonstrate debilitating self- and perceived-stigma associated with an experience of suicide. The Ripple Effect is aimed to reduce suicide stigma within the social, cultural, geographical and psychological contexts in which it occurs. METHODS: A mixed-method design with multi-level evaluation will be effected following the development and delivery of a personalised website experience (combining shared stories, education, personal goal setting and links to resources) to farming men, aged 30-64 years, with an experience of suicide...
November 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899051/anxiety-levels-are-independently-associated-with-cognitive-performance-in-an-australian-multiple-sclerosis-patient-cohort
#5
Karen Ribbons, Rodney Lea, Peter W Schofield, Jeannette Lechner-Scott
Neurological and psychological symptoms in multiple sclerosis can affect cognitive function. The objective of this study was to explore the relationship between psychological measures and cognitive performance in a patient cohort. In 322 multiple sclerosis patients, psychological symptoms were measured using the Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale, and cognitive function was evaluated using Audio Recorded Cognitive Screen. Multifactor linear regression analysis, accounting for all clinical covariates, found that anxiety was the only psychological measure to remain a significant predictor of cognitive performance (p<0...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893993/mediated-effects-of-perceived-discrimination-on-adolescent-academic-achievement-a-test-of-four-models
#6
William Hood, Graham L Bradley, Samantha Ferguson
Many adolescents feel they are subjected to acts of discrimination. Research shows that discrimination is associated with adverse outcomes including poor psychological adjustment, school adjustment, and academic achievement. This study investigated alternative pathways through which discrimination affects adolescents' academic achievement. A sample of 244 Year 7-10 Australian secondary school students (65% male; Mage = 13.6 years; SD = 1.24) completed questionnaires measuring discrimination, psychological adjustment, and sense of school membership...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879587/psychological-outcomes-of-labiaplasty-a-prospective-study
#7
Gemma Sharp, Marika Tiggemann, Julie Mattiske
BACKGROUND: Although the demand for labiaplasty has increased rapidly over the past decade, little is known about the psychological outcomes of this procedure. In particular, there is a lack of prospective controlled studies to assess the effects of labiaplasty on women's psychological well-being and intimate relationship quality. Nor has research investigated whether preoperative patient characteristics predict satisfaction with surgery. METHODS: The current study used a prospective controlled design...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865103/rethinking-pathology-in-adolescent-self-harm-towards-a-more-complex-understanding-of-risk-factors
#8
Sarah Stanford, Michael P Jones, Jennifer L Hudson
Researchers have begun to consider whether there may be more than one psychological profile to describe adolescents who engage in self-harm. Limited past research suggests multiple different profiles. Australian high school students (n = 1,521, age 11-19, 56.4% female) completed an online questionnaire reporting risk and protective factors and self-harm frequency. Non-hierarchical cluster analysis allocated 256 students who reported 6-month self-harm to mutually exclusive profiles based on psychological similarity...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862960/mindfulness-as-a-personal-resource-to-reduce-work-stress-in-the-job-demands-resources-model
#9
Steven L Grover, Stephen T T Teo, David Pick, Maree Roche
Based on the job demands-resources (JD-R) model, this study examines the different ways that the personal resource of mindfulness reduces stress. Structural equation modeling based on data from 415 Australian nurses shows that mindfulness relates directly and negatively to work stress and perceptions of emotional demands as well as buffering the relation of emotional demands on psychological stress. This study contributes to the literature by employing empirical analysis to the task of unravelling how personal resources function within the JD-R model...
November 9, 2016: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855094/protocol-for-a-within-trial-economic-evaluation-of-a-psychoeducational-intervention-tailored-to-people-at-high-risk-of-developing-a-second-or-subsequent-melanoma
#10
M Dieng, A E Cust, N A Kasparian, P Butow, D S J Costa, S W Menzies, G J Mann, R L Morton
INTRODUCTION: Psychological support programmes are not currently funded for people with a history of melanoma. A major barrier to the implementation of effective psychological interventions in routine clinical care is a lack of cost-effectiveness data. This paper describes the planned economic evaluation alongside a randomised controlled trial of a psychoeducational intervention for people with a history of melanoma who are at high risk of developing new primary disease. METHOD AND ANALYSIS: The economic evaluation is a within-trial analysis to evaluate the incremental costs and health outcomes of a psychoeducational intervention compared to usual care from the perspective of the Australian healthcare system...
October 6, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855058/is-the-australian-75-health-assessment-person-centred-a-qualitative-descriptive-study-of-older-people
#11
Kay Price, Karen Grimmer, Jan Foot
Objective The aim of the present study was to explore the perspectives of older people following their recent participation in a 75+ Health Assessment (75+HA) and interrogate these perspectives using a person-centred lens.Methods A qualitative descriptive study design was used within a larger study funded by the Australian Primary Health Care Research Institute. Nineteen participants from four different general practices in one Australian state described their perceptions of the 75+HA in a face-to-face interview...
November 18, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843435/the-efficacy-of-a-group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-war-affected-young-migrants-living-in-australia-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Chew S Ooi, Rosanna M Rooney, Clare Roberts, Robert T Kane, Bernadette Wright, Nikos Chatzisarantis
Background: Preventative and treatment programs for people at risk of developing psychological problems after exposure to war trauma have mushroomed in the last decade. However, there is still much contention about evidence-based and culturally sensitive interventions for children. The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of the Teaching Recovery Techniques in improving the emotional and behavioral outcomes of war-affected children resettled in Australia. Methods and Findings: A cluster randomized controlled trial with pre-test, post-test, and 3-month follow-up design was employed...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834004/unmet-supportive-care-needs-of-australian-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islanders-with-cancer-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#13
Patricia C Valery, Christina M Bernardes, Vanessa Beesley, Anna L Hawkes, Peter Baade, Gail Garvey
PURPOSE: The purposes of the present study are to describe changes over time in the prevalence of unmet supportive care needs of Indigenous Australians newly diagnosed with cancer and to identify factors associated with greater needs at diagnosis. METHODS: Unmet needs were assessed by the Supportive Care Needs Assessment Tool for Indigenous People (SCNAT-IP) within 3 months and at 6 months post-diagnosis. Overall needs and specific need domains were modelled using generalized estimating equations...
November 10, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825373/trends-in-body-image-of-adolescent-females-in-metropolitan-and-non-metropolitan-regions-a-longitudinal-study
#14
M Craike, J A Young, C M Symons, M D Pain, J T Harvey, R M Eime, W R Payne
BACKGROUND: Body dissatisfaction is associated with a range of adverse outcomes, including impaired psychological health, low physical activity and disordered eating. This longitudinal study used the Factors Influencing Transitions in Girls' Active Leisure and Sport (FITGALS) dataset to examine trends in body image of adolescent females. Specifically, the study examined satisfaction with body size, physical appearance and dieting behaviour for two cohorts at transitional life phases in two geographic regions longitudinally over a 3-year period...
November 8, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816864/drivers-of-self-reported-heat-stress-in-the-australian-labour-force
#15
Kerstin K Zander, Simon A Moss, Stephen T Garnett
Heat stress causes reductions in well-being and health. As average annual temperatures increase, heat stress is expected to affect more people. While most research on heat stress has explored how exposure to heat affects functioning of the human organism, stress from heat can be manifest long before clinical symptoms are evident, with profound effects on behavior. Here we add to the little research conducted on these subclinical effects of environmental heat using results from an Australian-wide cross-sectional study of nearly 2000 respondents on their self-reported level of heat stress...
January 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810275/serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-and-mental-health-in-young-australian-women-results-from-the-safe-d-study
#16
Emma T Callegari, Nicola Reavley, Alexandra Gorelik, Suzanne M Garland, John D Wark
BACKGROUND: While there is evidence linking vitamin D status with mood, this association and its clinical significance remain uncertain. Moreover, few studies have focused on young, community-dwelling females. The Safe-D study examined the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) levels and mental health in young women. METHODS: Participants completed an online questionnaire, wore a UV dosimeter to measure personal sun exposure and underwent a comprehensive health assessment...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801745/bidirectional-associations-between-sport-involvement-and-mental-health-in-adolescence
#17
Stewart A Vella, Christian Swann, Mark S Allen, Matthew Schweickle, Christopher A Magee
PURPOSE: To investigate potential bidirectional relationships between sport participation and mental health during early adolescence. METHODS: Data were taken from wave 5 (2012) and wave 6 (2014) of the K-Cohort of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children. In total, there were 4023 participants aged 12.41 (SD = 0.49) years at baseline, and this sample were followed up 24 months later. Cross lagged panel models were used to examine bidirectional relationships between sport participation (hours·wk for team, individual and total sport participation) and mental health (total psychological difficulties, internalising problems, and externalising problems) as measured by the parent-report version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire...
October 31, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799415/australia-s-economic-transition-unemployment-suicide-and-mental-health-needs
#18
Nicholas Myles, Matthew Large, Hannah Myles, Robert Adams, Dennis Liu, Cherrie Galletly
OBJECTIVE: There have been substantial changes in workforce and employment patterns in Australia over the past 50 years as a result of economic globalisation. This has resulted in substantial reduction in employment in the manufacturing industry often with large-scale job losses in concentrated sectors and communities. Large-scale job loss events receive significant community attention. To what extent these mass unemployment events contribute to increased psychological distress, mental illness and suicide in affected individuals warrants further consideration...
October 30, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799406/alcohol-consumption-in-the-australian-coal-mining-industry
#19
Ross J Tynan, Robyn Considine, John Wiggers, Terry J Lewin, Carole James, Kerry Inder, Frances Kay-Lambkin, Amanda L Baker, Jaelea Skehan, David Perkins, Brian J Kelly
OBJECTIVES: To investigate patterns of alcohol use within the coal mining industry, and associations with the personal, social, workplace and employment characteristics. DESIGN: 8 mine sites across 3 eastern Australian states were surveyed, selected to encompass key geographic characteristics (accessibility and remoteness) and mine type (open cut and underground). Problematic alcohol use was measured using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) to determine: (1) overall risky or hazardous drinking behaviour; and (2) frequency of single-occasion drinking (6 or more drinks on 1 occasion)...
October 31, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793119/obstetric-outcomes-for-women-with-female-genital-mutilation-at-an-australian-hospital-2006-2012-a-descriptive-study
#20
Nesrin Varol, Angela Dawson, Sabera Turkmani, John J Hall, Susie Nanayakkara, Greg Jenkins, Caroline S E Homer, Kevin McGeechan
BACKGROUND: Women, who have been subjected to female genital mutilation (FGM), can suffer serious and irreversible physical, psychological and psychosexual complications. They have more adverse obstetric outcomes as compared to women without FGM. Exploratory studies suggest radical change to abandonment of FGM by communities after migration to countries where FGM is not prevalent. Women who had been subjected to FGM as a child in their countries of origin, require specialised healthcare to reduce complications and further suffering...
October 28, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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