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Psychology australian

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419175/talent-identification-and-recruitment-in-youth-soccer-recruiter-s-perceptions-of-the-key-attributes-for-player-recruitment
#1
Paul Larkin, Donna O'Connor
Using the modified Delphi method, we aimed to understand the attributes youth coaches and recruiters perceive as important when identifying skilled youth performance at the entry level of representative soccer in Australia (i.e., Under 13 years). Furthermore, we also aimed to describe the current methods youth coaches and recruiters use to assess and identify these attributes in youth players. Australian regional youth technical directors and coaches (n = 20) completed a three stage process, including an initial interview and two subsequent questionnaires, whereby attributes and qualities associated with talent identification were rated and justified according to the importance for youth player performance and talent identification...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414510/a-longitudinal-person-centered-perspective-on-youth-social-support-relations-with-psychological-wellbeing
#2
Joseph Ciarrochi, Alexandre J S Morin, Baljinder K Sahdra, David Litalien, Philip D Parker
Past research suggests that perceived social support from parents, teachers, and peers are all positively associated with wellbeing during adolescence. However, little longitudinal research has examined the implications of distinctive combinations of social support for developing adolescents. To address this limitation, we measured multiple dimensions of social support, psychological ill-health, and wellbeing in a sample of 2034 Australian adolescents (Mage = 13.7; 49.6% male) measured in Grades 8 and 11. Latent transition analyses identified a 6-profile solution for both waves of data, and revealed substantial inequality in perceived social support...
April 17, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412666/student-nurses-perceptions-of-clinical-placements-in-australian-prison-health-services-a-mixed-methods-study
#3
Thea F van de Mortel, Judith Needham, Kate Barnewall, Ashleigh Djachenko, Jennifer Patrick
Increasing demands for clinical placements have forced tertiary institutions to look for alternative placements for third year nursing students. While Prison Health Services provide an opportunity for nursing students to engage in care of offender populations with significant chronic illnesses, there has been little evaluation of such placements. Third year undergraduate nurses (18/46) participated in a mixed methods study to provide evidence-based research on students' perceptions of clinical placements in Prison Health Services...
April 11, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411422/ventilation-distribution-and-lung-recruitment-with-speaking-valve-use-in-tracheostomised-patient-weaning-from-mechanical-ventilation-in-intensive-care
#4
Anna-Liisa Sutt, Chris M Anstey, Lawrence R Caruana, Petrea L Cornwell, John F Fraser
PURPOSE: Speaking valves (SV) are used infrequently in tracheostomised ICU patients due to concerns regarding their putative effect on lung recruitment. A recent study in cardio-thoracic population demonstrated increased end-expiratory lung volumes during and post SV use without examining if the increase in end-expiratory lung impedance (EELI) resulted in alveolar recruitment or potential hyperinflation in discrete loci. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A secondary analysis of Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) data from a previous study was conducted...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407725/experiences-of-hospital-readmission-and-receiving-formal-carer-services-following-spinal-cord-injury-a-qualitative-study-to-identify-needs
#5
Sandra C Braaf, Alyse Lennox, Andrew Nunn, Belinda J Gabbe
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to explore the needs of people living with spinal cord injury, receiving formal carer and hospital services. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This exploratory qualitative study was undertaken with people living with spinal cord injury in metropolitan or regional Victoria. Participants were recruited through the Australian Quadriplegic Association. Twenty-two in-depth interviews were conducted between September and October 2015. Participants were purposely selected based on their age, gender, level of injury, and compensation status...
April 14, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399928/australian-children-living-with-rare-diseases-experiences-of-diagnosis-and-perceived-consequences-of-diagnostic-delays
#6
Yvonne Zurynski, Marie Deverell, Troy Dalkeith, Sandra Johnson, John Christodoulou, Helen Leonard, Elizabeth J Elliott
BACKGROUND: Children and families living with rare disease often experience significant health, psychosocial, economic burdens and diagnostic delays. Experiences appear to be constant, regardless of the specific rare disease diagnosis. Systematically collected Australian data to support policy response on rare diseases are scarce. We address this gap by providing survey results about 462 children aged <19 years living with approximately 200 different rare diseases. RESULTS: Of 462 children, 96% were born in Australia, 55% were male, median age was 8...
April 11, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391304/professional-supervision-as-storied-experience-narrative-analysis-findings-for-australian-based-registered-music-therapists
#7
Jeanette D Kennelly, Felicity A Baker, Barbara A Daveson
Background: Limited research exists to inform a music therapist's supervision story from their pre-professional training to their practice as a professional. Evidence is needed to understand the complex nature of supervision experiences and their impact on professional practice. Objective: This qualitative study explored the supervisory experiences of Australian-based Registered Music Therapists, according to the: 1) themes that characterize their experiences, 2) influences of the supervisor's professional background, 3) outcomes of supervision, and 4) roles of the employer, the professional music therapy association, and the university in supervision standards and practice...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384513/psychological-treatments-for-mental-disorders-in-adults-a-review-of-the-evidence-of-leading-international-organizations
#8
REVIEW
Juan Antonio Moriana, Mario Gálvez-Lara, Jorge Corpas
Most mental health services throughout the world currently regard evidence-based psychological treatments as best practice for the treatment of mental disorders. The aim of this study was to analyze evidence-based treatments drawn from RCTs, reviews, meta-analyses, guides, and lists provided by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), Division 12 (Clinical Psychology) of the American Psychological Association (APA), Cochrane and the Australian Psychological Society (APS) in relation to mental disorders in adults...
March 29, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367772/does-living-in-remote-australia-lessen-the-impact-of-hardship-on-psychological-distress
#9
P Butterworth, B J Kelly, T E Handley, K J Inder, T J Lewin
AIMS: Rural and remote regions tend to be characterised by poorer socioeconomic conditions than urban areas, yet findings regarding differences in mental health between rural and urban areas have been inconsistent. This suggests that other features of these areas may reduce the impact of hardship on mental health. Little research has explored the relationship of financial hardship or deprivation with mental health across geographical areas. METHODS: Data were analysed from a large longitudinal Australian study of the mental health of individuals living in regional and remote communities...
April 3, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359007/physical-comorbidities-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-australian-vietnam-war-veterans
#10
Sarah C McLeay, Wendy M Harvey, Madeline Nm Romaniuk, Darrell Hg Crawford, David M Colquhoun, Ross McD Young, Miriam Dwyer, John M Gibson, Robyn A O'Sullivan, Graham Cooksley, Christopher R Strakosch, Rachel M Thomson, Joanne Voisey, Bruce R Lawford
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the prevalence of physical comorbidities in Australian Vietnam War veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is higher than in trauma-exposed veterans without PTSD. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Cross-sectional analysis of the health status (based on self-reported and objective clinical assessments) of 298 Australian Vietnam War veterans enrolled by the Gallipoli Medical Research Institute (Brisbane) during February 2014 - July 2015, of whom 108 were confirmed as having had PTSD and 106 served as trauma-exposed control participants...
April 3, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357973/perceptions-of-the-care-received-from-australian-palliative-care-services-a-caregiver-perspective
#11
Tanya M Pidgeon, Claire E Johnson, Leanne Lester, David Currow, Patsy Yates, Samuel F Allingham, Sonia Bird, Kathy Eagar
BACKGROUND: Caregiver satisfaction and experience surveys help health professionals to understand, measure, and improve the quality of care provided for patients and their families. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to explore caregiver perceptions of the care received from Australian specialist palliative care services. METHOD: Caregivers of patients receiving palliative care in services registered with Australia's Palliative Care Outcomes Collaboration were invited to participate in a caregiver survey...
March 30, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351022/reference-values-and-factors-associated-with-musculoskeletal-symptoms-in-healthy-adolescents-and-adults
#12
Jennifer N Baldwin, Marnee J McKay, Niamh Moloney, Claire E Hiller, Elizabeth J Nightingale, Joshua Burns
BACKGROUND: Insufficient attention has been given to individuals who report musculoskeletal symptoms yet experience minimal disability. OBJECTIVES: To examine musculoskeletal symptoms among healthy individuals, and compare demographic, psychological and physical factors between individuals with and without symptoms. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. METHOD: Data were from the 1000 Norms Project which recruited 1000 individuals aged 3-101 years...
March 23, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350412/effectiveness-of-a-structured-sexual-rehabilitation-programme-following-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Louisa Ng, Joshua Sansom, Nina Zhang, Bhasker Amatya, Fary Khan
BACKGROUND: Sexual activity is an integral part of life; it is important to address sexual health after stroke, but this is often poorly done. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a structured sexual rehabilitation programme compared with written information alone regarding sexual and psychological functioning (anxiety, depression, stress), functional independence and quality of life in an Australian stroke cohort. METHODS: A total of 68 participants were randomized to a structured sexual rehabilitation programme (treatment group; n = 35) or to written information alone (control group; n = 33)...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350368/pathways-to-suicide-in-australian-farmers-a-life-chart-analysis
#14
Lisa Kunde, Kairi Kõlves, Brian Kelly, Prasuna Reddy, Diego De Leo
Farmers have been found to be at increased risk of suicide in Australia. The Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicidal Behaviour suggests that the proximal factors leading to the suicidal desire or ideation include an individual's experiences of both perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness. Suicidal desire with acquired capability to engage in lethal self-injury is predictive of suicidal behaviour. This study investigates the pathways to suicide of 18 Australian male farmers in order to understand the suicidal process and antecedents to suicide in Australian male farmers...
March 28, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345389/ethnic-status-and-engagement-with-health-services-attitudes-toward-help-seeking-and-intercultural-willingness-to-interact-among-south-east-asian-students-in-australia
#15
Shanna Logan, Zachary Steel, Caroline Hunt
Previous research has demonstrated the importance of intercultural willingness to interact; however, these investigations have yet to be applied to a health context or to compare an ethnic minority with a majority sample. Consequently, the current study sought to better understand engagement with health services by investigating both attitudes towards seeking psychological help and intercultural willingness to interact within an ethnic minority South East Asian population, relative to an Anglo Australian sample...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343464/life-lifestyle-and-location-examining-the-complexities-of-psychological-distress-in-young-adult-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-australians
#16
B Davison, T Nagel, G R Singh
Mental health is fundamental to an individual's health and well-being. Mental health disorders affect a substantial portion of the Australian population, with the most vulnerable time in adolescence and young adulthood. Indigenous Australians fare worse than other Australians on almost every measure of physical and mental health. Cross-sectional data from young adults (21-27 years) participating in the Life Course Program, Northern Territory, Australia, is presented. Rates of psychological distress were high in remote and urban residing Indigenous and urban non-Indigenous young adults...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343410/change-in-subjective-social-status-following-hiv-diagnosis-and-associated-effects-on-mental-and-physical-health-among-hiv-positive-gay-men-in-australia
#17
Wendy Heywood, Anthony Lyons
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the impact of HIV diagnosis on subjective social status and if changes are linked to health outcomes. DESIGN: Two measures of subjective social status, socio-economic and standing in the community were examined in 342 Australian HIV-positive gay men in 2014. Participants recalled ratings at diagnosis were compared with current ratings. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Self-reported mental (psychological distress, self-esteem, positive mental health and satisfaction with life) and physical health (self-rated health, CD4 count, viral load)...
March 27, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326599/functional-dyspepsia-is-associated-with-duodenal-eosinophilia-in-an-australian-paediatric-cohort
#18
L Wauters, S Nightingale, N J Talley, B Sulaiman, M M Walker
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of functional dyspepsia (FD) remains unknown. Duodenal eosinophil infiltration has been reported. AIM: To assess the association between dyspeptic symptoms and duodenal eosinophilia in children undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, children with normal upper endoscopy and routine histology at a single tertiary paediatric centre between 2010 and 2014 were included...
March 21, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323136/self-reported-knee-pain-and-disability-among-healthy-individuals-reference-data-and-factors-associated-with-the-knee-injury-and-osteoarthritis-outcome-score-koos-and-koos-child
#19
J N Baldwin, M J McKay, C E Hiller, N Moloney, E J Nightingale, J Burns
OBJECTIVE: To develop normative reference data for the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) and KOOS-Child, as well as investigate socio-demographic, psychological and physical factors associated with knee pain and disability among healthy adults. METHOD: The KOOS or KOOS-Child (each containing five subscales) was administered to participants aged 8-101 years within the 1000 Norms Project, an observational study of 1000 self-reported healthy individuals...
March 16, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298322/fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-and-psychological-distress-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-analyses-based-on-a-large-australian-sample
#20
Binh Nguyen, Ding Ding, Seema Mihrshahi
OBJECTIVES: Growing evidence suggests a link between diet and mental health. This study aimed to investigate the association between fruit and vegetable consumption and the prevalence and incidence of psychological distress in middle-aged and older Australians. DESIGN: Cross-sectional and prospective. SETTING: New South Wales, Australia. METHODS: A sample of 60 404 adults aged ≥45 years completed baseline (2006-2008) and follow-up (2010) questionnaires...
March 15, 2017: BMJ Open
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