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Psychology australian

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298322/fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-and-psychological-distress-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-analyses-based-on-a-large-australian-sample
#1
Binh Nguyen, Ding Ding, Seema Mihrshahi
OBJECTIVES: Growing evidence suggests a link between diet and mental health. This study aimed to investigate the association between fruit and vegetable consumption and the prevalence and incidence of psychological distress in middle-aged and older Australians. DESIGN: Cross-sectional and prospective. SETTING: New South Wales, Australia. METHODS: A sample of 60 404 adults aged ≥45 years completed baseline (2006-2008) and follow-up (2010) questionnaires...
March 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278018/-i-just-feel-like-i-am-broken-i-am-the-worst-pregnant-woman-ever-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-at-odds-experience-of-women-s-antenatal-distress
#2
Aleksandra A Staneva, Fiona Bogossian, Alina Morawska, Anja Wittkowski
Advances in perinatal mental health research have provided valuable insights around risk factors for the overall development of maternal distress. However, there is still a limited understanding of the experience of women struggling emotionally during pregnancy. We explored how women view, experience, and interpret psychological distress antenatally. Eighteen Australian women participated in in-depth interviews that were analyzed thematically within a critical realist theoretical framework. We present and situate the current findings within the dominant discourse of the good mother, which arguably promotes guilt and stigma and results in women self-labeling as bad mothers...
February 21, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263707/health-and-well-being-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-and-intersex-people-aged-50-years-and-over
#3
Mark Hughes
Objectives The aim of the present study was to examine the health and well being of older lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people, the health issues that concern them, the services they use and challenges accessing services.Methods This study comprised a survey of the health and well being of 312 LGBTI people aged 50 years and over in New South Wales. The survey included the Short-Form 12 (SF-12) measure of health-related quality of life, the Kessler 10 (K10) measure of psychological distress, and the three-item Loneliness Scale...
March 7, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263677/preference-versus-choice-in-online-dating
#4
Stephen Whyte, Benno Torgler
This study explores factors that influence matches of online dating participants' stated preference for particular characteristics in a potential partner and compares these with the characteristics of the online daters actually contacted. The nature of online dating facilitates exploration of the differences between stated preference and actual choice by participants, as online daters willingly provide a range of demographics on their ideal partner. Using data from the Australian dating website RSVP, we analyze 219,013 contact decisions...
March 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261937/communication-challenges-experienced-by-migrants-with-cancer-a-comparison-of-migrant-and-english-speaking-australian-born-cancer-patients
#5
Amelia Hyatt, Ruby Lipson-Smith, Penelope Schofield, Karla Gough, Ming Sze, Lynley Aldridge, David Goldstein, Michael Jefford, Melanie L Bell, Phyllis Butow
OBJECTIVES: Understanding the difficulties faced by different migrant groups is vital to address disparities and inform targeted health-care service delivery. Migrant oncology patients experience increased morbidity, mortality and psychological distress, with this tentatively linked to language and communication difficulties. The objective of this exploratory study was to investigate the communication barriers and challenges experienced by Arabic, Greek and Chinese (Mandarin and Cantonese) speaking oncology patients in Australia...
March 5, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258504/the-health-professionals-perspectives-of-support-needs-of-adult-head-and-neck-cancer-survivors-and-their-families-a-delphi-study
#6
Lauren J Breen, Moira O'Connor, Samuel Calder, Vivian Tai, Jade Cartwright, Janet M Beilby
PURPOSE: The aim was to identify the views of Australian and New Zealand health professionals regarding the support needs of people with head and neck cancer (HNC) and their families and current gaps in service delivery. METHODS: A modified Delphi process assessed support needs of people with HNC following acute medical management. A systematic review of the literature was used to develop items relevant to seven key concepts underpinning the psychological experience of living with HNC...
March 3, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253431/psychological-morbidity-among-australian-rural-and-urban-support-persons-of-haematological-cancer-survivors-results-of-a-national-study
#7
Mariko Carey, Rob Sanson-Fisher, Christine Paul, Kenneth Bradstock, Anna Williamson, Sharon Campbell
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of anxiety, depression and stress among rural and urban support persons of haematological cancer survivors, and explore factors associated with having one of more of these outcomes. METHODS: Haematological cancer survivors were identified via one of 5 state-based cancer registries and invited to take part in a survey. Those who agreed were asked to pass on a questionnaire package to their support person. Measures included the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale, Support Persons' Unmet Need Survey and sociodemographic questions...
March 2, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252237/neurobiological-and-psychological-evidence-of-chronic-stress-in-prostate-cancer-patients
#8
C F Sharpley, D R H Christie, V Bitsika, L L Agnew, N M Andronicos, M E McMillan, T M Richards
To measure the prevalence and severity of Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD), hypo- and hypercortisolaemia, and their association in a sample of prostate cancer (PCa) patients, 97 Australian PCa patients completed a background questionnaire and the GAD-7, and provided a sample of saliva collected 30-45 min after waking. The mean GAD7 score was 9.67 (SD = 3.09), and prevalence rates for current anxiety were higher than those reported for non-PCa males of a similar age. Mean salivary cortisol concentrations (30...
March 2, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246132/cohort-profiles-of-the-cross-sectional-and-prospective-participant-groups-in-the-second-diabetes-miles-australia-miles-2-study
#9
Jessica L Browne, Elizabeth Holmes-Truscott, Adriana D Ventura, Christel Hendrieckx, Frans Pouwer, Jane Speight
PURPOSE: More research into the psychosocial aspects of diabetes is needed so that the health and quality of life of people with the condition can be improved. To fill this gap, we conducted the second Diabetes MILES-Australia study (MILES-2), a survey focused on psychological, behavioural and social aspects of diabetes. The aim of the MILES-2 study was to provide a (1) longitudinal follow-up of the original MILES 2011 study cohort; (2) cross-sectional assessment of a new cohort. PARTICIPANTS: Eligible participants were English-speaking Australians with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, aged 18-75 years...
February 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209175/effectiveness-of-topical-silicone-gel-and-pressure-garment-therapy-for-burn-scar-prevention-and-management-in-children-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Jodie Wiseman, Megan Simons, Roy Kimble, Robert Ware, Steven McPhail, Zephanie Tyack
BACKGROUND: Abnormal scar development following burn injury can cause substantial physical and psychological distress to children and their families. Common burn scar prevention and management techniques include silicone therapy, pressure garment therapy, or a combination of both. Currently, no definitive, high-quality evidence is available for the effectiveness of topical silicone gel or pressure garment therapy for the prevention and management of burn scars in the paediatric population...
February 16, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207775/the-contribution-of-gender-based-violence-and-network-trauma-to-gender-differences-in-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#11
Derrick Silove, Jess R Baker, Mohammed Mohsin, Maree Teesson, Mark Creamer, Meaghan O'Donnell, David Forbes, Natacha Carragher, Tim Slade, Katherine Mills, Richard Bryant, Alexander McFarlane, Zachary Steel, Kim Felmingham, Susan Rees
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) occurs twice as commonly amongst women as men. Two common domains of trauma, network trauma and gender based violence (GBV), may contribute to this gender difference in PTSD rates. We examined data from a nationally representative sample of the Australian population to clarify the characteristics of these two trauma domains in their contributions to PTSD rates in men and women. METHODS: We drew on data from the 2007 Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Well-being to assess gender differences across a comprehensive range of trauma domains, including (1) prevalence of lifetime exposure; (2) identification of an index trauma or DSM-IV Criterion A event; and (3) the likelihood of developing full DSM-IV PTSD symptoms once an index trauma was identified...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206848/the-prevalence-of-compassion-fatigue-among-veterinary-students-in-australia-and-the-associated-psychological-factors
#12
Michelle L McArthur, Jena R Andrews, Conor Brand, Susan J Hazel
Compassion fatigue, compassion satisfaction, and other characteristics such as mindfulness and mental health stigma have not been investigated in veterinary students. The aims of this study were twofold: first to determine the prevalence of compassion, satisfaction, burnout, and secondary traumatic stress among Australian veterinary students and second to investigate the association between these factors and self-stigma, coping, empathy, and mindfulness. A cross-sectional online survey consisting of demographic questions and four validated psychological measures sampled 828 students, with a response rate of 31% (255/828)...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203274/complementary-primary-mental-health-programs-for-young-people-in-australia-access-to-allied-psychological-services-ataps-and-headspace
#13
Bridget Bassilios, Nicolas Telford, Debra Rickwood, Matthew J Spittal, Jane Pirkis
OBJECTIVE: Access to Allied Psychological Services (ATAPS) was introduced in 2001 by the Australian Government to provide evidence-based psychological interventions for people with high prevalence disorders. headspace, Australia's National Youth Mental Health Foundation, was established in 2006 to promote and facilitate improvements in the mental health, social wellbeing and economic participation of young people aged 12-25 years. Both programs provided free or low cost psychological services...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192219/a-qualitative-study-of-overweight-and-obese-australians-views-of-food-addiction
#14
A J Cullen, A Barnett, P A Komesaroff, W Brown, K S O'Brien, W Hall, A Carter
The concept of food addiction is increasingly used in the academic literature and popular media to explain some forms of overweight and obesity. However, there is limited evidence on how this term is understood by and impacts overweight and obese individuals. This qualitative study investigated the views of overweight and obese individuals on food addiction, and its likely impact upon stigma, treatment-seeking, and support for public policies to reduce overeating. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 23 overweight and obese individuals (Mage = 38, MBMI = 33, 74% female) and analysed thematically...
February 10, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179415/factors-related-to-receipt-of-non-cancer-related-transurethral-prostatectomy-findings-from-a-large-prospective-study-of-106%C3%A2-769-middle-aged-and-older-australian-men
#15
Grace Joshy, Kay Soga, Rosemary J Korda, Manish I Patel, Emily Banks
BACKGROUND: Transurethral prostatectomy (TURP) is a common surgical intervention for chronic lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Little large-scale evidence exists on factors related to receipt of non-cancer-related TURP. METHODS: A prospective study of men aged ≥45 years participating in the 45 and Up Study, a large Australian cohort study, without prior prostatectomy and/or bowel/genital/urinary-tract cancer; questionnaire data were linked to hospitalisations and deaths...
February 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158239/let-them-eat-fruit-the-effect-of-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-on-psychological-well-being-in-young-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Tamlin S Conner, Kate L Brookie, Anitra C Carr, Louise A Mainvil, Margreet C M Vissers
This study tested the psychological benefits of a 14-day preregistered clinical intervention to increase fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption in 171 low-FV-consuming young adults (67% female, aged 18-25). Participants were randomly assigned into a diet-as-usual control condition, an ecological momentary intervention (EMI) condition involving text message reminders to increase their FV consumption plus a voucher to purchase FV, or a fruit and vegetable intervention (FVI) condition in which participants were given two additional daily servings of fresh FV to consume on top of their normal diet...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153446/anxiety-depression-and-quality-of-life-in-people-with-pancreatic-cancer-and-their-carers
#17
Monika Janda, Rachel E Neale, Kerenaftali Klein, Dianne L O'Connell, Helen Gooden, David Goldstein, Neil D Merrett, David K Wyld, Ingrid J Rowlands, Vanessa L Beesley
BACKGROUND: People with pancreatic cancer have high levels of anxiety and depression and reduced quality of life (QoL), but few studies have assessed these outcomes for patient-carer dyads. We therefore investigated these issues in an Australian population-based study. METHODS: Patients with pancreatic cancer (n = 136) and many of their carers (n = 84) completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy QoL questionnaire at a median of three months after diagnosis...
January 20, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135658/an-exploration-of-australian-psychologists-role-in-assessing-women-considering-risk-reducing-or-contralateral-prophylactic-mastectomy
#18
Lucy Braude, Rebekah Laidsaar-Powell, Jemma Gilchrist, Laura Kirsten, Ilona Juraskova
OBJECTIVES: Given increasing rates of risk-reducing mastectomies (RRM) and contralateral prophylactic mastectomies (CPM), and the potentially significant psychological sequelae of this irreversible procedure, health professionals (HPs) regularly refer patients to psychologists for pre-operative assessment and support. This is the first study to provide qualitative insights from HPs into the role of psychologists who are working with women considering RRM or CPM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 24 HPs (psychologists, surgeons, breast care nurses and genetic counsellors) experienced in treating patients before or after RRM/CPM completed semi-structured interviews (n = 15) or participated in a focus group (n = 10)...
April 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132007/ibobbly-mobile-health-intervention-for-suicide-prevention-in-australian-indigenous-youth-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Joseph Tighe, Fiona Shand, Rebecca Ridani, Andrew Mackinnon, Nicole De La Mata, Helen Christensen
OBJECTIVES: Rates of youth suicide in Australian Indigenous communities are 4 times the national youth average and demand innovative interventions. Historical and persistent disadvantage is coupled with multiple barriers to help seeking. Mobile phone applications offer the opportunity to deliver therapeutic interventions directly to individuals in remote communities. The pilot study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a self-help mobile app (ibobbly) targeting suicidal ideation, depression, psychological distress and impulsivity among Indigenous youth in remote Australia...
January 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128675/clinicians-adherence-to-international-guidelines-in-the-clinical-care-of-adults-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#20
Belinda D Jackson, Danny Con, Danny Liew, Peter De Cruz
BACKGROUND: Although evidence-based guidelines have been developed for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), the extent to which they are followed is unclear. The objective of this study was to review clinicians' adherence to international IBD guidelines. METHODS: Retrospective data collection of patients attending a tertiary Australian hospital IBD clinic over a 12-month period. Management practices were audited and compared to ECCO (European Crohn's and Colitis Organization) guidelines...
January 27, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
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