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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077444/protein-interactions-during-the-flavivirus-and-hepacivirus-life-cycle
#1
Gisa Gerold, Janina Bruening, Bettina Weigel, Thomas Pietschmann
Protein-protein interactions govern biological functions in cells, in the extracellular milieu and at the border between cells and extracellular space. Viruses are small intracellular parasites and thus rely on protein interactions to produce progeny inside host cells and to spread from cell to cell. Usage of host proteins by viruses can have severe consequences e.g. apoptosis, metabolic disequilibria or altered cell proliferation and mobility. Understanding protein interactions during virus infection can thus educate us on viral infection and pathogenesis mechanisms...
January 11, 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068373/stress-dependent-changes-in-the-cacybp-sip-interacting-protein-s100a6-in-the-mouse-brain
#2
Katarzyna Bartkowska, Izabela Swiatek, Agata Aniszewska, Ewelina Jurewicz, Kris Turlejski, Anna Filipek, Rouzanna L Djavadian
The CacyBP/SIP target S100A6 is widely present in the nervous system, and its up-regulation is associated with certain neurodegenerative diseases. Here, we examined the involvement of S100A6 protein in stress responses in mice. Using Western blotting, we observed a marked change in brainstem structures, whereby stressed mice showed approximately one-third the protein level produced in the control group. A decreased level of S100A6 protein in stressed animals was also detected in the olfactory bulb and the cerebellum and stress-related structures such as the hippocampus and the hypothalamus...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063035/monitoring-skin-dendritic-cells-in-steady-state-and-inflammation-by-immunofluorescence-microscopy-and-flow-cytometry
#3
Julia L Ober-Blöbaum, Daniela Ortner, Bernhard Haid, Anna Brand, Christoph Tripp, Björn E Clausen, Patrizia Stoitzner
Skin dendritic cells (DC) are strategically positioned at the body's second largest epithelial border to the environment. Hence they are the first antigen presenting cells that encounter invading pathogens and environmental antigens, including contact sensitizers and carcinogens penetrating the skin. Moreover, DC have the unique ability to induce immunity or tolerance and thus take center stage in regulating innate and adaptive immune responses. Skin DC can be divided into several phenotypically and functionally distinct subtypes...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060371/basaloid-blue-salivary-gland-tumors
#4
Raja R Seethala
Basaloid tumors are a common diagnostic problem in salivary gland pathology. However, delineating each of these tumor types is facilitated by an algorithmic approach incorporated by tumor border and cell types. This approach greatly diminishes the challenge of separating polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma (PLGA) from adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC). Despite the overlap in growth pattern, ACC is biphasic while PLGA is not. More relevant challenges, namely differentiation of the biphasic basaloid neoplasms including: epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma (EMCA), cellular pleomorphic adenoma (PA), basal cell adenoma (BCA), and basal cell adenocarcinoma (BCAC), are resolved by a combination of morphologic, immunophenotypic, and to a limited extent, molecular features...
January 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045993/change-in-the-interstitial-cells-of-cajal-and-nnos-positive-neuronal-cells-with-aging-in-the-stomach-of-f344-rats
#5
Yong Hwan Kwon, Nayoung Kim, Ryoung Hee Nam, Ji Hyun Park, Sun Min Lee, Sung Kook Kim, Hye Seung Lee, Yong Sung Kim, Dong Ho Lee
The gastric accommodation reflex is an important mechanism in gastric physiology. However, the aging-associated structural and functional changes in gastric relaxation have not yet been established. Thus, we evaluated the molecular changes of interstitial cell of Cajal (ICC) and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) and the function changes in the corpus of F344 rats at different ages (6-, 31-, 74-wk and 2-yr). The proportion of the c-Kit-positive area in the submucosal border (SMB) and myenteric plexus (MP) layer was significantly lower in the older rats, as indicated by immunohistochemistry...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043590/use-of-wgs-in-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-routine-diagnosis
#6
Daniela M Cirillo, Andrea M Cabibbe, Maria Rosaria De Filippo, Alberto Trovato, Tullia Simonetti, Gian Maria Rossolini, Enrico Tortoli
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Whole Genome Sequencing (WGS) is becoming affordable with overall costs comparable to other tests currently in use to perform the diagnosis of drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) and cluster analysis. The WGS approach allows an "all-in-one" approach providing results on expected sensitivity of the strains, genetic background, epidemiological data, and indication of risk of laboratory cross-contamination. METHODS: Although ideal, WGS from the direct diagnostic specimen is not yet standardized, and to date the two most promising approaches are WGS from early positive liquid culture and targeted sequencing from diagnostic specimens using Next-Generation Technology...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028810/three-dimensional-evaluation-of-subclinical-extension-of-extramammary-paget-s-disease-visualization-of-histological-border-and-its-comparison-to-clinical-border
#7
T Murata, T Honda, G Egawa, A Kitoh, T Dainichi, A Otsuka, S Nakajima, S Kore-Eda, Y Kaku, S Nakamizo, Y Endo, A Fujisawa, Y Miyachi, K Kabashima
BACKGROUND: In extramammary Paget's disease (EMPD), Paget cells are sometimes detected outside the clinical border (subclinical extension). The spreading pattern of Paget cells in subclinical extension, however, remains unclear. In addition, the macroscopic appearances of lesions accompanied by subclinical extension are totally unknown. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the spreading pattern of Paget cells as well as the macroscopic appearance of lesions of EMPD with subclinical extension...
December 27, 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028431/oncocytic-pleomorphic-adenoma-of-palatal-salivary-gland-with-macrophages-and-giant-cells-associated-with-cholesterol-crystals
#8
Gargi S Sarode, Sachin C Sarode, Shankargouda Patil, Sukumaran Anil
Pleomorphic adenoma (PA) is the most common salivary gland tumor characterized by histo-morphological diversity in the form of myxoid, hyalinized, chondroid, osseous, and squamous areas. In this paper, we report a rare case of predominantly oncocytic variant of PA in a 45-year-old male patient on the posterior palatal region. Microscopic examination showed homogenous eosinophilic cellular mass composed of epithelial components arranged in the form of tubular and solid patterns. The polygonal and oval cells showed abundant dark eosinophilic granular cytoplasm...
October 24, 2016: Clinics and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027931/copper-chaperone-atox1-plays-role-in-breast-cancer-cell-migration
#9
Stéphanie Blockhuys, Pernilla Wittung-Stafshede
Copper (Cu) is an essential transition metal ion required as cofactor in many key enzymes. After cell uptake of Cu, the metal is transported by the cytoplasmic Cu chaperone Atox1 to P1B-type ATPases in the Golgi network for incorporation into Cu-dependent enzymes in the secretory path. Cu is vital for many steps of cancer progression and Atox1 was recently suggested to have additional functionality as a nuclear transcription factor. We here investigated the expression level, cellular localization and role in cell migration of Atox1 in an aggressive breast cancer cell line upon combining immunostaining, microscopy and a wound healing assay...
December 24, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026856/gene-tracing-analysis-reveals-the-contribution-of-neural-crest-derived-cells-in-pituitary-development
#10
Hiroki Ueharu, Saishu Yoshida, Takako Kikkawa, Naoko Kanno, Masashi Higuchi, Takako Kato, Noriko Osumi, Yukio Kato
The anterior pituitary originates from the adenohypophyseal placode. Both the preplacode region and neural crest (NC) derive from subdivision of the neural border region, and further individualization of the placode domain is established by a reciprocal interaction between placodal precursors and NC cells (NCCs). It has long been known that NCCs are present in the adenohypophysis as interstitial cells. A recent report demonstrated that NCCs also contribute to the formation of pericytes in the developing pituitary...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013275/structures-of-bordered-pits-potentially-contributing-to-isolation-of-a-refilled-vessel-from-negative-xylem-pressure-in-stems-of-morus-australis-poir-testing-of-the-pit-membrane-osmosis-and-pit-valve-hypotheses
#11
Hiroki Ooeda, Ichiro Terashima, Haruhiko Taneda
Two hypotheses have been proposed to explain the mechanism preventing the refilling vessel water from being drained to the neighboring functional vessels under negative pressure. The pit-membrane-osmosis hypothesis proposes that the xylem parenchyma cells release polysaccharides that are impermeable to the intervessel pit membranes into the refilling vessel; this osmotically counter-acts the negative pressure, thereby allowing the vessel to refill. The pit-valve hypothesis proposes that gas trapped within intervessel bordered pits isolates the refilling vessel water from the surrounding functional vessels...
December 23, 2016: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009509/crystal-structure-defects-magnetic-and-dielectric-properties-of-the-layered-bi3n-1ti7fe3n-3o9n-11-perovskite-anatase-intergrowths
#12
Dmitry Batuk, Maria Batuk, Dmitry S Filimonov, Konstantin V Zakharov, Olga S Volkova, Alexander N Vasiliev, Oleg A Tyablikov, Joke Hadermann, Artem M Abakumov
The Bi3n+1Ti7Fe3n-3O9n+11 materials are built of (001)p plane-parallel perovskite blocks with a thickness of n (Ti,Fe)O6 octahedra, separated by periodic translational interfaces. The interfaces are based on anatase-like chains of edge-sharing (Ti,Fe)O6 octahedra. Together with the octahedra of the perovskite blocks, they create S-shaped tunnels stabilized by lone pair Bi(3+) cations. In this work, the structure of the n = 4-6 Bi3n+1Ti7Fe3n-3O9n+11 homologues is analyzed in detail using advanced transmission electron microscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, and Mössbauer spectroscopy...
December 23, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008617/n-cadherin-a-novel-and-rapidly-remodelling-site-involved-in-vasoregulation-of-small-cerebral-arteries
#13
Zhe Sun, Min Li, Zhaohui Li, Michael A Hill, Gerald A Meininger
N-cadherin is the major cell-cell adhesion molecule in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). We tested the hypothesis that N-cadherin is part of a novel mechano-sensory mechanism in VSMC and plays an active role in both the arteriolar myogenic response and during changes in vascular tone induced by vasomotor agonists. Intact and pressurized rat superior cerebellar arteries (SCA) were labelled for confocal immunofluorescence imaging. N-cadherin formed punctate adherens junctions (AJ) along the borders between VSMC...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006695/role-of-atrial-endothelial-cells-in-the-development-of-atrial-fibrosis-and-fibrillation-in-response-to-pressure-overload
#14
Osamu Kume, Yasushi Teshima, Ichitaro Abe, Yuki Ikebe, Takahiro Oniki, Hidekazu Kondo, Shotaro Saito, Akira Fukui, Kunio Yufu, Masahiro Miura, Tatsuo Shimada, Naohiko Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1)-mediated inflammatory mechanisms have been shown to play a crucial role in atrial fibrosis induced by pressure overload. In the present study, we investigated whether left atrial endothelial cells would quickly respond structurally and functionally to pressure overload to trigger atrial fibrosis and fibrillation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Six-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent suprarenal abdominal aortic constriction (AAC) or a sham operation...
December 15, 2016: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005758/pathological-mandibular-fracture-associated-with-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-in-hiv-positive-patient
#15
Marina Reis Oliveira, Darcy Fernandes, Marisa Aparecida Cabrini Gabrielli, Cleverton Roberto de Andrade, Cláudia Maria Navarro, Valfrido Antonio Pereira-Filho
This article describes the occurrence of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in a 39-year-old human immunodeficiency virus-positive patient. The patient sought medical care complaining of increased volume in the right mandibular angle and imaging tests showed an extensive radiolucency with undefined boundaries compromising the mandibular border. After the incisional biopsy, the patient had a pathological fracture in the region, which was properly treated in a second surgical procedure using a 2.4-mm reconstruction plate...
November 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005673/multimodal-imaging-of-disease-associated-pigmentary-changes-in-retinitis-pigmentosa
#16
Kaspar Schuerch, Marcela Marsiglia, Winston Lee, Stephen H Tsang, Janet R Sparrow
PURPOSE: Using multiple imaging modalities, we evaluated the changes in photoreceptor cells and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) that are associated with bone spicule-shaped melanin pigmentation in retinitis pigmentosa. METHODS: In a cohort of 60 patients with retinitis pigmentosa, short-wavelength autofluorescence, near-infrared autofluorescence (NIR-AF), NIR reflectance, spectral domain optical coherence tomography, and color fundus images were studied. RESULTS: Central AF rings were visible in both short-wavelength autofluorescence and NIR-AF images...
December 2016: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005660/visualizing-retinal-pigment-epithelium-phenotypes-in-the-transition-to-geographic-atrophy-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#17
Emma C Zanzottera, Thomas Ach, Carrie Huisingh, Jeffrey D Messinger, Richard F Spaide, Christine A Curcio
PURPOSE: To inform the interpretation of clinical optical coherence tomography and fundus autofluorescence imaging in geographic atrophy (GA) of age-related macular degeneration by determining the distribution of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) phenotypes in the transition from health to atrophy in donor eyes. METHODS: In RPE-Bruch membrane flat mounts of two GA eyes, the terminations of organized RPE cytoskeleton and autofluorescent material were compared. In high-resolution histological sections of 13 GA eyes, RPE phenotypes were assessed at ±500 and ±100 μm from the descent of the external limiting membrane (ELM) toward Bruch membrane...
December 2016: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003188/insulin-like-growth-factor-binding-protein-7-and-tissue-inhibitor-of-metalloproteinases-2-differential-expression-and-secretion-in-human-kidney-tubule-cells
#18
David R Emlet, Nuria Pastor-Soler, Allison Marciszyn, Xiaoyan Wen, Hernando Gomez, William H Humphries, Seth Morrisroe, Jacob K Volpe, John A Kellum
We have characterized the expression and secretion of the acute kidney injury biomarkers Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 7 (IGFBP7) and Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinases-2 (TIMP-2) in human kidney epithelial cells in primary cell culture and tissue. We established cell culture model systems of primary kidney cells of proximal and distal tubule origin and observed that both proteins are indeed expressed and secreted in both tubule cell types in vitro. However, TIMP-2 is both expressed and secreted preferentially by cells of distal tubule origin, while IGFBP7 is equally expressed across tubule cell types yet preferentially secreted by cells of proximal tubule origin...
December 21, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997620/molecular-and-serological-survey-of-selected-viruses-in-free-ranging-wild-ruminants-in-iran
#19
Farhid Hemmatzadeh, Wayne Boardman, Arezo Alinejad, Azar Hematzade, Majid Kharazian Moghadam
A molecular and serological survey of selected viruses in free-ranging wild ruminants was conducted in 13 different districts in Iran. Samples were collected from 64 small wild ruminants belonging to four different species including 25 Mouflon (Ovis orientalis), 22 wild goat (Capra aegagrus), nine Indian gazelle (Gazella bennettii) and eight Goitered gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa) during the national survey for wildlife diseases in Iran. Serum samples were evaluated using serologic antibody tests for Peste de petits ruminants virus (PPRV), Pestiviruses [Border Disease virus (BVD) and Bovine Viral Diarrhoea virus (BVDV)], Bluetongue virus (BTV), Bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1), and Parainfluenza type 3 (PI3)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988123/short-communication-inhibition-of-angiotensin-1-converting-enzyme-by-peptides-derived-from-variants-of-bovine-%C3%AE-casein-upon-apical-exposure-to-a-caco-2-cell-monolayer
#20
Bjørn Petrat-Melin, Thao T Le, Hanne S Møller, Lotte B Larsen, Jette F Young
This study investigated the consequence of genetically contingent AA substitutions in bovine β-casein (CN) genetic variants A(1), A(2), B, and I on the structure and bioactive potential of peptides following in vitro digestion. The β-CN variants were digested in vitro using pepsin and pancreatin, and a peptide profile was obtained by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry, revealing among others, the β-casomorphin precursor peptides VYPFPGPIHN and VYPFPGPIPN, derived from variant A(1)/B and from A(2)/I, respectively...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
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