Read by QxMD icon Read


Hua Ji, Linhao Xu, Zheng Wang, Xinli Fan, Lihui Wu
Glyphosate is the active ingredient in numerous herbicide formulations. The role of glyphosate in neurotoxicity has been reported in human and animal models. However, the detailed mechanism of the role of glyphosate in neuronal development remains unknown. Recently, several studies have reported evidence linking neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) with gestational glyphosate exposure. The current group previously identified microRNAs (miRNAs) that are associated with the etiology of NDDs, but their expression levels in the developing brain following glyphosate exposure have not been characterized...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Jifu Song, Zhibin Guan, Maojiang Li, Sha Sha, Chao Song, Zhiwei Gao, Yongli Zhao
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as pivotal regulators of the development and progression of gastric cancer. Studies have shown that miR-154 is a novel cancer-associated miRNA involved in various cancers. However, the role of miR-154 in gastric cancer remains unknown. Here we aimed to investigate the biological function and the potential molecular mechanism of miR-154 in gastric cancer. We found that miR-154 was significantly downregulated in gastric cancer tissues and cell lines. The overexpression of miR-154 significantly repressed the growth and invasion of gastric cancer cells...
August 11, 2017: Oncology Research
Junjie Quan, Jianqiang Qu, Le Zhou
Dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) has been suggested to contribute to malignant progression of glioma. Previous studies have demonstrated that miR-539 is dysregulated in malignant progression of cancers. However, the potential role and mechanism of miR-539 in the progression of glioma remains unclear. In this study, we aimed to investigate the expression status and functional significance of miR-539 in glioma. We found that miR-539 expression was significantly decreased in glioma cell lines and tissues. Overexpression of miR-539 markedly inhibited glioma cell proliferation and invasion, while miR-539 suppression exhibited the opposite effect...
September 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Xian-Hu Zhou, Wei Lin, Yi-Ming Ren, Shen Liu, Bao-You Fan, Zhi-Jian Wei, Gui-Dong Shi, Xin Cheng, Yan Hao, Shi-Qing Feng
This study aims to find the difference of genomewide DNA methylation in Schwann cells (SCs) before and after peripheral nerve system (PNS) injury by Methylated DNA Immunoprecipitation Sequencing (MeDIP-Seq) and seek meaningful differentially methylated genes related to repairment of injured PNS. SCs harvested from sciatic nerve were named as activated Schwann cells (ASCs), and the ones harvested from brachial plexus were named as normal Schwann cells (NSCs). Genomic DNA of ASCs and NSCs were isolated and MeDIP-Seq was conducted...
2017: BioMed Research International
Jiateng Zhong, Yufei Liu, Qingli Xu, Jian Yu, Muchun Zhang
Disheveled-Axin domain containing 1 (DIXDC1) is involved in the development and progression of multiple cancers. However, the function significance of DIXDC1 in prostate cancer remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the function of DIXDC1 in prostate cancer and the regulation of DIXDC1 by microRNAs (miRNAs). We found that DIXDC1 was highly expressed in prostate cancer cells. Knockdown of DIXDC1 by small interfering RNAs markedly suppressed proliferation, invasion and Wnt signaling in prostate cancer cells...
March 18, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Hongjian Lu, Rui Jiang, Xuelei Tao, Chengwei Duan, Jie Huang, Wei Huan, Yunfen He, Jianbin Ge, Jianbing Ren
DIX domain containing 1 (Dixdc1), a positive regulator of Wnt signaling pathway, is recently reported to play a role in the neurogenesis. However, the distribution and function of Dixdc1 in the central nervous system (CNS) after brain injury are still unclear. We used an acute traumatic brain injury (TBI) model in adult rats to investigate whether Dixdc1 is involved in CNS injury and repair. Western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry showed a time-dependent up-regulation of Dixdc1 expression in ipsilateral cortex after TBI...
August 2017: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
Vickie Kwan, Durga Praveen Meka, Sean H White, Claudia L Hung, Nicholas T Holzapfel, Susan Walker, Nadeem Murtaza, Brianna K Unda, Birgit Schwanke, Ryan K C Yuen, Kendra Habing, Chloe Milsom, Kristin J Hope, Ray Truant, Stephen W Scherer, Froylan Calderon de Anda, Karun K Singh
The development of neural connectivity is essential for brain function, and disruption of this process is associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). DIX domain containing 1 (DIXDC1) has previously been implicated in neurodevelopmental disorders, but its role in postnatal brain function remains unknown. Using a knockout mouse model, we determined that DIXDC1 is a regulator of excitatory neuron dendrite development and synapse function in the cortex. We discovered that MARK1, previously linked to ASDs, phosphorylates DIXDC1 to regulate dendrite and spine development through modulation of the cytoskeletal network in an isoform-specific manner...
November 8, 2016: Cell Reports
Jianguo Chen, Chaoyan Shen, Jinlong Shi, Jianhong Shen, Wenjuan Chen, Jie Sun, Shaocheng Fan, Yuanqi Bei, Peng Xu, Hao Chang, Rui Jiang, Lu Hua, Bin Ji, Qingfeng Huang
DIX domain containing 1 (DIXDC1), the human homolog of coiled-coil-DIX1 (Ccd1), is a positive regulator of Wnt signaling pathway. Recently, it was found to act as a candidate oncogene in colon cancer, non-small-cell lung cancer, and gastric cancer. In this study, we aimed to investigate the clinical significance of DIXDC1 expression in human glioma and its biological function in glioma cells. Western blot and immunohistochemistry analysis showed that DIXDC1 was overexpressed in glioma tissues and glioma cell lines...
August 2017: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
P-M Martin, R E Stanley, A P Ross, A E Freitas, C E Moyer, A C Brumback, J Iafrati, K S Stapornwongkul, S Dominguez, S Kivimäe, K A Mulligan, M Pirooznia, W R McCombie, J B Potash, P P Zandi, S M Purcell, S J Sanders, Y Zuo, V S Sohal, B N R Cheyette
Mice lacking DIX domain containing-1 (DIXDC1), an intracellular Wnt/β-catenin signal pathway protein, have abnormal measures of anxiety, depression and social behavior. Pyramidal neurons in these animals' brains have reduced dendritic spines and glutamatergic synapses. Treatment with lithium or a glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK3) inhibitor corrects behavioral and neurodevelopmental phenotypes in these animals. Analysis of DIXDC1 in over 9000 cases of autism, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia reveals higher rates of rare inherited sequence-disrupting single-nucleotide variants (SNVs) in these individuals compared with psychiatrically unaffected controls...
February 2018: Molecular Psychiatry
Yu Ouyang, Fei Zhong, Qiru Wang, Linlin Ding, Peipei Zhang, Lingling Chen, Yuchan Wang, Chun Cheng
DIX domain containing 1 (DIXDC1), is a human homolog of Ccd1, a DIX domain containing protein in zebrafish. The present study was undertaken to determine the expression and biologic function of DIXDC1 in Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Clinically, we detected that the expression of DIXDC1 was significantly lower in the indolent lymphomas compared with the progressive lymphomas by immunohistochemistry analysis. Functionally, we found that DIXDC1 could promote cell proliferation via modulating cell cycle progression and PI3K/AKT signaling pathway in NHLs...
November 2016: Leukemia Research
Weijie Wu, Qingqing Liu, Yuxi Liu, Zhaohui Yu, Youhua Wang
Dixdc1 (DIX domain containing-1), the mammalian homolog of Ccd1 (Coiled-coil-Dishevelled-Axin1), is a protein containing a coiled-coil domain and a Dishevelled-Axin (DIX) domain. As a novel component of the Wnt pathway, Dixdc1 has been reported to be able to promote neural progenitor proliferation and neuronal differentiation via Wnt/β-catenin signaling. But there still remains something unknown about Dixdc1 distribution and functions in the lesion and regeneration of the peripheral nervous system (PNS), so we tried to investigate dynamic changes of Dixdc1 expression in a rat sciatic nerve crush (SNC) model in this study...
September 16, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Xiaohong Li, Ying Xiao, Shaoqing Fan, Mingbing Xiao, Xiaotong Wang, Xiaolin Zhu, Xudong Chen, Chunsun Li, Guijuan Zong, Guoxiong Zhou, Chunhua Wan
Disheveled-axin (DIX) domain containing 1 (DIXDC1), a protein containing a coiled-coil domain and a DIX domain, is involved in the progression of multiple cancers. However, the role of DIXDC1 in human pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the role and prognostic value of DIXDC1 in the development of human PDAC. Western blot analysis revealed that DIXDC1 was highly expressed in PDAC tissues and cell lines. Immunohistochemistry on 165 paraffin-embedded sections showed that high expression of DIXDC1 was significantly correlated with tumor size (P = ...
November 2016: Human Pathology
Senjun Zhou, Jiliang Shen, Shuang Lin, Xiaolong Liu, Ming Xu, Liang Shi, Xianfa Wang, Xiujun Cai
Dishevelled-Axin domain containing 1 (DIXDC1) is a DIX (Dishevelled-Axin) domain possessing protein that acts as a positive regulator of the Wnt pathway. Although DIXDC1 has been investigated in several cancers, it has not yet been studied in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The purpose of the current study was to investigate the expression pattern of DIXDC1 and assess the clinical significance of DIXDC1 expression in HCC patients. Data containing three independent investigations from Oncomine database demonstrated that DIXDC1 mRNA was downregulated in HCC compared with matched non-cancerous tissues...
October 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Kavita Shah, Debomoy K Lahiri
Cdk5, a cyclin-dependent kinase family member, is a global orchestrator of neuronal cytoskeletal dynamics. During embryogenesis, Cdk5 is indispensable for brain development. In adults, it is essential for numerous neuronal processes, including higher cognitive functions such as learning and memory formation, drug addiction, pain signaling, and long-term behavior changes through long-term potentiation and long-term depression, all of which rely on rapid alterations in the cytoskeleton. Cdk5 activity becomes deregulated in various brain disorders, including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, epilepsy, schizophrenia, and ischemic stroke; these all result in profound remodeling of the neuronal cytoskeleton...
April 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
Lei Wang, Cong Tan, Fan Qiao, Weige Wang, Xiangnan Jiang, Peng Lian, Bin Chang, Weiqi Sheng
BACKGROUND: DIXDC1 (Dishevelled-Axin domain containing 1) is a positive regulator of the Wnt pathway. In the field of cancer research, the role of DIXDC1 is unclear. Our previous in vitro study showed that DIXDC1 enhances β-catenin nuclear accumulation in gastric cancer cell lines. The aim of this study was to detect the expression of DIXDC1 in different histological subtypes of gastric carcinoma and to evaluate the correlation between the expression of DIXDC1 and β-catenin localization and clinicopathological parameters, including patients' survival...
2015: Cancer Cell International
Cong Tan, Fan Qiao, Ping Wei, Yayun Chi, Weige Wang, Shujuan Ni, Qifeng Wang, Tongzhen Chen, Weiqi Sheng, Xiang Du, Lei Wang
DIXDC1 (Dishevelled-Axin domain containing 1) is a DIX (Dishevelled-Axin) domain-possessing protein that promotes colon cancer cell proliferation and increases the invasion and migration ability of non-small-cell lung cancer via the PI3K pathway. As a positive regulator of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, the biological role of DIXDC1 in human gastric cancer and the relationship between DIXDC1 and the Wnt pathway are unclear. In the current study, the upregulation of DIXDC1 was detected in gastric cancer and was associated with advanced TNM stage cancer, lymph node metastasis, and poor prognosis...
April 2016: Molecular Carcinogenesis
Jonathan M Goodwin, Robert U Svensson, Hua Jane Lou, Monte M Winslow, Benjamin E Turk, Reuben J Shaw
The serine/threonine kinase LKB1 is a tumor suppressor whose loss is associated with increased metastatic potential. In an effort to define biochemical signatures of metastasis associated with LKB1 loss, we discovered that the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition transcription factor Snail1 was uniquely upregulated upon LKB1 deficiency across cell types. The ability of LKB1 to suppress Snail1 levels was independent of AMPK but required the related kinases MARK1 and MARK4. In a screen for substrates of these kinases involved in Snail regulation, we identified the scaffolding protein DIXDC1...
August 7, 2014: Molecular Cell
Zhonghai Xu, Di Liu, Chuifeng Fan, Lan Luan, Xiupeng Zhang, Enhua Wang
DIX domain containing 1 (DIXDC1), is a human homolog of Ccd1, a recently identified DIX domain containing protein in zebrafish. DIXDC1 protein was detected in human colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues and was found to be correlated with a high cell proliferation index. We demonstrated DIXDC1 overexpression in 55% (92/167) of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cases, compared to adjacent noncancerous lung tissues (P < 0.01). Overexpression of DIXDC1 was associated with lymph node metastasis and more advanced TNM stage (P < 0...
November 2014: Molecular Carcinogenesis
Xiaohui Yan, Tianjiao Lyu, Nan Jia, Yinhua Yu, Keqin Hua, Weiwei Feng
Traditional Chinese medicine has gained popularity due to its ability to kill tumor cells. Recently, the apoptotic and anti-angiogenic effects of Trametes robiniophila murr (Huaier) have been investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate its effect on cell mobility and tumor growth in ovarian cancer. Cell viability and motility were measured using SRB, scratch and migration assays. Cell apoptosis was analysed by annexin V/PI staining. Using a reverse-phase protein array (RPPA) assay, we analyzed the levels of 153 proteins and/or phosphorylations in Huaier-treated and untreated cells...
2013: PloS One
Keita Uchino, Fumitaka Takeshita, Ryou-U Takahashi, Nobuyoshi Kosaka, Kae Fujiwara, Haruna Naruoka, Satoru Sonoke, Junichi Yano, Hideo Sasaki, Shiari Nozawa, Miki Yoshiike, Kazuki Kitajima, Tatsuya Chikaraishi, Takahiro Ochiya
Many reports have indicated that the abnormal expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) is associated with the progression of disease and have identified miRNAs as attractive targets for therapeutic intervention. However, the bifunctional mechanisms of miRNA guide and passenger strands in RNA interference (RNAi) therapy have not yet been clarified. Here, we show that miRNA (miR)-582-5p and -3p, which are strongly decreased in high-grade bladder cancer clinical samples, regulate tumor progression in vitro and in vivo...
March 2013: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"