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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793120/socioeconomic-status-of-parents-with-children-participating-on-youth-club-sport-teams
#1
Eric G Post, Nicole E Green, Daniel A Schaefer, Stephanie M Trigsted, M Alison Brooks, Timothy A McGuine, Andrew M Watson, David R Bell
OBJECTIVES: To describe the socioeconomic status, measured by household income and educational attainment, of parents with children participating on youth club sport teams. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Local sport events. PARTICIPANTS: 949 parents (571 female) of youth athletes between 10 and 18 years old were recruited at club team events and practices to complete an anonymous questionnaire. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: SES variables included total household income (THI) and educational attainment...
May 17, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793118/efficient-resource-recycling-from-liquid-digestate-by-microalgae-yeast-mixed-culture-and-the-assessment-of-key-gene-transcription-related-to-nitrogen-assimilation-in-microalgae
#2
Lei Qin, Lu Liu, Zhongming Wang, Weining Chen, Dong Wei
To determine the feasibility of microalgae-yeast mixed culture using the liquid digestate of dairy wastewater (LDDW) for biofuels and single cell protein (SCP) production, the cell growth, nutrient removal and outputs evaluation of the mono and mixed culture of Chlorella vulgaris and Yarrowia lipolytica in LDDW were investigated by adding glycerol as carbon source. The results showed that the mixed culture could enhance the biological utilization efficiency of nitrogen and phosphorus, and obtain higher yield of biomass (1...
May 18, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792563/ability-of-crime-demographic-and-business-data-to-forecast-areas-of-increased-violence
#3
Daniel A Bowen, Laura M Mercer Kollar, Daniel T Wu, David A Fraser, Charles E Flood, Jasmine C Moore, Elizabeth W Mays, Steven A Sumner
Identifying geographic areas and time periods of increased violence is of considerable importance in prevention planning. This study compared the performance of multiple data sources to prospectively forecast areas of increased interpersonal violence. We used 2011-2014 data from a large metropolitan county on interpersonal violence (homicide, assault, rape and robbery) and forecasted violence at the level of census block-groups and over a one-month moving time window. Inputs to a Random Forest model included historical crime records from the police department, demographic data from the US Census Bureau, and administrative data on licensed businesses...
May 24, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792497/examining-the-stability-of-social-emotional-and-behavioral-risk-status-implications-for-screening-frequency
#4
Faith G Miller, Sandra M Chafouleas, Megan E Welsh, T Chris Riley-Tillman, Gregory A Fabiano
Responsive service delivery frameworks rely on the use of screening approaches to identify students in need of support and to guide subsequent assessment and intervention efforts. However, limited empirical investigations have been directed to informing how often screening should occur for social, emotional, and behavioral difficulties in school settings. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the stability of risk status on 3 different screening instruments across 3 administrations across the course of a school year...
May 24, 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792280/resource-utilization-and-indications-for-helicopter-transport-of-head-injured-children
#5
Clay M Elswick, Deidre Wyrick, Lori A Gurien, Malik Rettiganti, Marie Gowen, Ambre' Pownall, Diaa Bahgat, R Todd Maxson, Eylem Öcal, Gregory W Albert
INTRODUCTION: Helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) have provided benefit for severely injured patients. However, HEMS are likely overused for the transportation of both adult and pediatric trauma patients. In this study, we aim to evaluate the degree of overuse of helicopter as a mode of transport for head-injured children. In addition, we propose criteria that can be used to determine if a particular patient is suitable for air versus ground transport. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified patients who were transported to our facility for head injuries...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791946/global-health-pediatric-neurology
#6
David R Bearden, Ornella Ciccone, Archana A Patel
Neurologic disorders contribute significantly to both morbidity and mortality among children in resource-limited settings, but there are a few succinct studies summarizing the epidemiology of neurologic disorders in these settings. A review of available literature was performed to identify data on the prevalence, etiology, outcomes, and treatment of neurologic disorders in children in resource-limited settings. The burden of neurologic disorders in children is high in resource-limited settings. Barriers to optimal care include lack of trained personnel, limited access to diagnostic technology, and limited availability of drugs used to treat common conditions...
April 2018: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791945/global-health-epilepsy
#7
Amza Ali
Epilepsy is a frequently misunderstood and highly stigmatized condition. Major treatment gaps exist across the world, most so in areas of financial constraint. Classification permits the best approaches to treatment and to ascertaining prognosis. The International League Against Epilepsy's new classification system emphasizes clinical aspects and utilizes all available resources to determine whether it is a focal or generalized epilepsy. The most important tools are a careful history, clinical examination, electroencephalography, and appropriate neuroimaging...
April 2018: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791740/the-irie-classroom-toolbox-developing-a-violence-prevention-preschool-teacher-training-program-using-evidence-theory-and-practice
#8
Helen Baker-Henningham
In this paper, I describe the development of the Irie Classroom Toolbox, a school-based violence prevention, teacher training program for use with children aged 3-6 years. In-depth interviews were conducted with Jamaican preschool teachers, who had participated in a trial of a classroom behavior management program, at posttest (n = 35) and 5 years later (n = 20). An on-going process evaluation was also conducted. Teachers' preferred behavior management strategies and training methods were documented, and enablers and barriers to implementation were identified...
May 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791704/use-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-during-physical-therapy-may-reduce-the-incidence-of-arthrofibrosis-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#9
Chukwuweike U Gwam, Tanner McGinnis, Jennifer I Etcheson, Nicole E George, Assem A Sultan, Ronald E Delanois, Anil Bhave, Steven F Harwin, Michael A Mont
INTRODUCTION: Arthrofibrosis remains a major complication following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) that negatively impacts patient outcomes and exhausts healthcare resources. The use of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) has demonstrated the ability to facilitate quadriceps muscle recovery and reduce pain. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare TKA patients who received physical therapy (PT) and adjuvant NMES therapy versus physical therapy alone in terms of: 1) rates of manipulation under anesthesia (MUA) to treat arthrofibrosis; and 2) post-therapy range of motion (ROM)...
June 1, 2018: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791243/amcp-partnership-forum-managing-care-in-the-wave-of-precision-medicine
#10
(no author information available yet)
Precision medicine, the customization of health care to an individual's genetic profile while accounting for biomarkers and lifestyle, has increasingly been adopted by health care stakeholders to guide the development of treatment options, improve treatment decision making, provide more patient-centered care, and better inform coverage and reimbursement decisions. Despite these benefits, key challenges prevent its broader use and adoption. On December 7-8, 2017, the Academy of Managed Care Pharmacy convened a group of stakeholders to discuss these challenges and provide recommendations to facilitate broader adoption and use of precision medicine across health care settings...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791137/the-chemistry-of-lyophilized-blood-products
#11
Joseph Fernandez-Moure, Nuzhat Maisha, Erin B Lavik, Jeremy Cannon
With the development of new biologics and bioconjugates, storage and preservation have become more critical than ever before. Lyophilization is a method of cell and protein preservation by removing a solvent such as water from a substance followed by freezing. This technique has been used in the past and still holds promise for overcoming logistic challenges in safety net hospitals with limited blood banking resources, austere environments such as combat, and in mass casualty situations where existing resources may be outstripped...
May 23, 2018: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790964/evidence-of-evolutionary-history-and-selective-sweeps-in-the-genome-of-meishan-pig-reveals-its-genetic-and-phenotypic-characterization
#12
Pengju Zhao, Ying Yu, Wen Feng, Heng Du, Jian Yu, Huimin Kang, Xianrui Zheng, Zhiquan Wang, George E Liu, Catherine W Ernst, Xueqin Ran, Jiafu Wang, Jian-Feng Liu
Background: Meishan is a pig breed indigenous to China and famous for its high fecundity. The traits of Meishan are strongly associated with its distinct evolutionary history and domestication. However, the genomic evidence linking the domestication of Meishan pigs with the unique features are still poorly understood. The goal of this study is to investigate the genomic signatures and evolutionary evidence related to phenotypic traits of Meishan by large-scale sequencing. Results: We found the unique domestication of Meishan pigs happened at the Taihu Basin area between the Majiabang and the Liangzhu culture, during which 300 protein-coding genes have undergone positive selection...
May 22, 2018: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790073/effect-of-low-back-pain-risk-stratification-strategy-on-patient-outcomes-and-care-processes-the-match-randomized-trial-in-primary-care
#13
Dan Cherkin, Benjamin Balderson, Rob Wellman, Clarissa Hsu, Karen J Sherman, Sarah C Evers, Rene Hawkes, Andrea Cook, Martin D Levine, Diane Piekara, Pam Rock, Katherine Talbert Estlin, Georgie Brewer, Mark Jensen, Anne-Marie LaPorte, John Yeoman, Gail Sowden, Jonathan C Hill, Nadine E Foster
BACKGROUND: The STarT Back strategy for categorizing and treating patients with low back pain (LBP) improved patients' function while reducing costs in England. OBJECTIVE: This trial evaluated the effect of implementing an adaptation of this approach in a US setting. DESIGN: The Matching Appropriate Treatments to Consumer Healthcare needs (MATCH) trial was a pragmatic cluster randomized trial with a pre-intervention baseline period. Six primary care clinics were pair randomized, three to training in the STarT Back strategy and three to serve as controls...
May 22, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790020/can-we-accurately-predict-cost-effectiveness-without-access-to-overall-survival-data-the-case-study-of-nivolumab-in-combination-with-ipilimumab-for-the-treatment-of-patients-with-advanced-melanoma-in-england
#14
D Lee, A Amadi, J Sabater, J Ellis, H Johnson, S Kotapati, S McNamara, A Walker, M Cooper, K Patterson, N Roskell, Y Meng
BACKGROUND: Nivolumab with ipilimumab (the Regimen) is the first immuno-oncology combination treatment to demonstrate long-term clinical benefit for advanced melanoma patients. We evaluated the cost effectiveness of the Regimen in this population, with and without the availability of overall survival (OS) data. METHODS: A partitioned survival model and a Markov state-transition model were developed to estimate the lifetime costs and benefits of the Regimen versus ipilimumab...
May 22, 2018: PharmacoEconomics Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789981/research-driven-policy-is-financial-capacity-related-to-dangerousness
#15
Patrick H DeLeon, Maegan M Paxton, Tonya Spencer, Jouhayna E Bajjani-Gebara
Current Veterans administration policy directly links a Veteran's adjudged capacity to manage personal financial resources with their ability to purchase or possess a firearm, pursuant to the regulatory authority of the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS). Preventing Veterans' suicide is a highly laudable public health objective. Effectively utilizing scientific research to "inform" public policy is equally important. The authors should be congratulated for their efforts. However, it is important in utilizing large set population-based data, especially social science data, to evaluate policy alternatives that there be substantial face (i...
May 22, 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789779/outcomes-in-cardiogenic-shock-patients-with-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-use-a-matched-cohort-study-in-hospitals-across-the-united-states
#16
Rayan El Sibai, Rana Bachir, Mazen El Sayed
Background: ECMO is increasingly used for patients with critical illnesses. This study examines ECMO use in patients with cardiogenic shock in US hospitals and associated outcomes (mortality, hospital length of stay, and total hospital charges). Methods: A matched cohort retrospective study was conducted using the 2013 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample. Cardiogenic shock visits were matched (1 : 1) and compared based on ECMO use. Results: Patients with ECMO ( N = 802) were compared to patients without ECMO ( N = 805)...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789349/passive-water-collection-with-the-integument-mechanisms-and-their-biomimetic-potential
#17
REVIEW
Philipp Comanns
Several mechanisms of water acquisition have evolved in animals living in arid habitats to cope with limited water supply. They enable access to water sources such as rain, dew, thermally facilitated condensation on the skin, fog, or moisture from a damp substrate. This Review describes how a significant number of animals - in excess of 39 species from 24 genera - have acquired the ability to passively collect water with their integument. This ability results from chemical and structural properties of the integument, which, in each species, facilitate one or more of six basic mechanisms: increased surface wettability, increased spreading area, transport of water over relatively large distances, accumulation and storage of collected water, condensation, and utilization of gravity...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789227/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-sensor-augmented-pump-therapy-with-low-glucose-suspend-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-and-high-risk-of-hypoglycemia-in-spain
#18
Ignacio Conget, Pilar Martín-Vaquero, Stéphane Roze, Isabel Elías, Cristina Pineda, María Álvarez, Alexis Delbaere, Francisco Javier Ampudia-Blasco
OBJECTIVE: To compare the cost-effectiveness of sensor-augmented pump therapy (SAP) [continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) plus real-time continuous glucose monitoring (RT-CGM)] with low glucose suspend (MiniMed™ Veo™) and CSII alone in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) at high risk of hypoglycemia in Spain. METHODS: The IQVIA CORE Diabetes Model was used to estimate healthcare outcomes as life-years gained (LYGs) and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), and to project lifetime costs...
May 19, 2018: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788911/what-drives-the-shift-between-sexual-and-clonal-reproduction-of-caragana-stenophylla-along-a-climatic-aridity-gradient
#19
Zhongwu Wang, Lina Xie, Chelse M Prather, Hongyu Guo, Guodong Han, Chengcang Ma
BACKGROUND: The reasons that clonal plants shift between sexual and clonal reproduction have persisted as a knowledge gap in ecological literature. We hypothesized that clonal plants' shifts between sexual and clonal reproduction in different environments are driven by the relative costs of sexual and clonal reproduction. Moreover, we hypothesized plants prioritize sexual reproduction over clonal reproduction. To test these hypotheses, we determined the costs of sexual and clonal reproduction, and proportions of sexual and clonal reproduction of Caragana stenophylla along a climatic aridity gradient (semi-arid, arid, very arid and intensively arid zones) in the Inner Mongolia Steppe using several complementary field experiments...
May 22, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788765/managing-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-developing-countries-by-utilizing-existing-resources-a-perspective-from-bangladesh
#20
Nova Ahmed, Enayetur Raheem, Nusrat Rahman, Muhammad Zillur Rahman Khan, Abdullah Al Mosabbir, Mohammad Sorowar Hossain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
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