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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161798/intrapartum-care-quality-indicators-a-literature-review
#1
Elisa Lazzaretto, Antonella Nespoli, Simona Fumagalli, Elisabetta Colciago, Sofia Perego, Anna Locatelli
BACKGROUND: Quality of care is increasingly recognized as a critical aspect of the maternal and newborn health, mainly with respect to care around labour and delivery and in the immediate postnatal period. The Aim of this Review is to identify the recommended intrapartum care indicators in order to measure the quality of Midwifery care. METHODS: A structured literature search was conducted in August 2017 incorporating English and Italian language studies from 1993 and onwards to identify published articles on quality standards of intrapartum care...
November 21, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161773/silodosin-for-the-treatment-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-men-with-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#2
REVIEW
Jae Hung Jung, Jiye Kim, Roderick MacDonald, Balaji Reddy, Myung Ha Kim, Philipp Dahm
BACKGROUND: A variety of alpha-blockers are used for treating lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Silodosin is a novel, more selective alpha-blocker, which is specific to the lower urinary tract and may have fewer side effects than other alpha-blockers. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of silodosin for the treatment of LUTS in men with BPH. SEARCH METHODS: We performed a comprehensive search using multiple databases (Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, Google Scholar, and Web of Science), trials registries, other sources of grey literature, and conference proceedings with no restrictions on the language of publication or publication status up until 13 June 2017...
November 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161745/resting-autonomic-function-in-active-and-insufficiently-active-people-living-with-hiv
#3
Norberto Quiles, Carol Garber, Joseph Ciccolo
Autonomic dysfunction appears to be prevalent in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). However, there are limited data on the resting autonomic responses to exercise in active and insufficiently active PLWHA. We aimed to determine whether active PLWHA have better autonomic responses compared with insufficiently active PLWHA. Active PLWHA receiving anti-retroviral therapy (n=13) and insufficiently active PLWHA (n=10) were recruited. A 10-min recording of the supine electrocardiogram was taken. Resting heart rate variability was analyzed from this electrocardiogram...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161715/management-of-biochemical-recurrence-after-primary-curative-treatment-for-prostate-cancer-a-review
#4
Walter Artibani, Antonio Benito Porcaro, Vincenzo De Marco, Maria A Cerruto, Salvatore Siracusano
How to manage patients with prostate cancer (PCa) with biochemical recurrence (BCR) following primary curative treatment is a controversial issue. Importantly, this prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-only recurrence is a surrogate neither of PCa-specific survival nor of overall survival. Physicians are therefore challenged with preventing or delaying the onset of clinical progression in those deemed at risk, while avoiding over-treating patients whose disease may never progress beyond PSA-only recurrence. Adjuvant therapy for radical prostatectomy (RP) or local radiotherapy (RT) has a role in certain at-risk patients, although it is not recommended in low-risk PCa owing to the significant side-effects associated with RT and androgen deprivation therapy (ADT)...
November 21, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161690/catechins-blunt-the-effects-of-oxldl-and-its-primary-metabolite-phosphatidylcholine-hydroperoxide-on-endothelial-dysfunction-through-inhibition-of-oxidative-stress-and-restoration-of-enos-in-rats
#5
Hao-Hsiang Chang, Chen-Yen Chien, Kuo-Hsin Chen, Shih-Chung Huang, Chiang-Ting Chien
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We explored the effects of catechins (decaffeinated green tea extracts containing (-)-epicatechin, (-)-epigallocatechin, (-)-epicatechin gallate and (-)-epigallocatechin gallate) on atherosclerosis risk factors, oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) and its primary metabolite, phosphatidylcholine hydroperoxide (PCOOH) induced oxidative injury in cultured endothelial cell line and rats. METHODS: We used endothelial cell line and male Wistar rats to determine the effect of catechins on oxLDL or PCOOH induced oxidative injury including apoptosis, H2O2 level, vascular responses and urinary 8-isoprostane and nitrite/nitrate concentration...
November 22, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161680/prediction-of-violent-crime-on-discharge-from-secure-psychiatric-hospitals-a-clinical-prediction-rule-fovox
#6
A Wolf, T R Fanshawe, A Sariaslan, R Cornish, H Larsson, S Fazel
BACKGROUND: Current approaches to assess violence risk in secure hospitals are resource intensive, limited by accuracy and authorship bias and may have reached a performance ceiling. This study seeks to develop scalable predictive models for violent offending following discharge from secure psychiatric hospitals. METHODS: We identified all patients discharged from secure hospitals in Sweden between January 1, 1992 and December 31, 2013. Using multiple Cox regression, pre-specified criminal, sociodemographic, and clinical risk factors were included in a model that was tested for discrimination and calibration in the prediction of violent crime at 12 and 24 months post-discharge...
August 4, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161653/psychosocial-issues-of-a-population-approach-to-high-genetic-risk-identification-behavioural-emotional-and-informed-choice-issues
#7
David P French, Anthony Howell, D Gareth Evans
To allow women at high genetic risk of breast cancer to benefit from prevention or early prevention strategies, a screening programme is required to identify them. The present review considers the likelihood of key outcomes that would arise from such a programme, in relation to behavioural, emotional and informed choice outcomes. The likelihood of outcomes in each category is considered in relation to the limited direct evidence and relevant indirect evidence, given the dearth of studies that have directly studied the effects of communication of personal genetic risk of breast cancer...
November 18, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161629/the-effects-of-felbamate-on-appetitive-and-aversive-instrumental-learning-in-adult-rats
#8
John J Orczyk, Preston E Garraghty
Antiepileptic medications are the frontline treatment for seizure conditions but are not without cognitive side effects. Previously, our laboratory reported learning deficits in phenytoin-, carbamazepine-, and valproate-treated rats. In the present experiment, the effects of felbamate (FBM) have been compared to water-treated controls (controls) using the same instrumental training tasks employed here. Rats treated with FBM displayed a deficit in acquiring a tone-signaled avoidance response, relative to controls, but this was true only if they had no prior appetitive experience...
November 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161609/cancers-in-france-in-2015-attributable-to-high-body-mass-index
#9
Melina Arnold, Marina Touillaud, Laure Dossus, Heinz Freisling, Freddie Bray, Irène Margaritis, Valérie Deschamps, Isabelle Soerjomataram
BACKGROUND: Overweight, as defined by high body mass index (BMI), is an established risk factor for various morbidities including cancer. Globally, its prevalence has increased markedly over the past decades. The aim of this study was to estimate the proportion and number of cancers that were attributable to high BMI in France in 2015. METHODS: Population attributable fractions (PAFs) and numbers of cancer cases attributable to high BMI (a population mean BMI above the optimum of 22kg/m(2)) were estimated by age and sex, for cancer sites with convincing or probable evidence of an established causal link...
November 18, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161582/the-role-of-emotional-clarity-and-distress-tolerance-in-deliberate-self-harm-in-a-sample-of-trauma-exposed-inpatient-adolescents-at-risk-for-suicide
#10
Andres G Viana, Emma C Woodward, Elizabeth M Raines, Abigail E Hanna, Michael J Zvolensky
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine distress tolerance as a moderator of the relationship between emotional clarity and deliberate self-harm (DSH) in a diverse sample of trauma-exposed adolescents in acute psychiatric care at high risk of suicidal behavior. It was hypothesized that distress tolerance would emerge as a significant moderator, such that the association between emotional clarity and DSH would be significant among youth with high, but not low, distress tolerance...
October 28, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161536/multiple-health-conditions-and-barriers-to-healthcare-among-older-australians-prevalence-reasons-and-types-of-barriers
#11
Jeromey B Temple, Ruth Williams
Accompanying population ageing is an increase in the number of older Australians living with multiple health conditions and disabilities (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2014). This study sought to examine the barriers to accessing healthcare faced by older Australians. Utilising the 2014 Australian Bureau of Statistics General Social Survey, it was found that 6% of respondents aged 50 years and over reported experiencing a barrier to accessing healthcare within the previous 12 months. Those with multiple health conditions are at a considerably higher risk of experiencing a barrier to healthcare (21% with four or more disabilities) compared with people with no or fewer health conditions, and this risk persists once wide-ranging control variables are included...
November 22, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161535/effect-of-dedicated-lactation-support-services-on-breastfeeding-outcomes-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-neonates
#12
Sharareh Gharib, Molly Fletcher, Richard Tucker, Betty Vohr, Beatrice E Lechner
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is associated with major benefits for high-risk infants born prematurely, yet this population faces significant challenges to breastfeeding. Lactation services provide successful interventions, yet the impact of lactation services on breastfeeding outcomes in preterm infants is understudied. Research aim: The provision of full-time lactation support in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) will improve quantitative breastfeeding measures in premature infants...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161465/neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-for-the-prevention-of-venous-thromboembolism
#13
REVIEW
Shahab Hajibandeh, Shahin Hajibandeh, George A Antoniou, James Rh Scurr, Francesco Torella
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a serious but preventable cause of morbidity and mortality. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation systems (NMES) for the prevention of VTE may be beneficial for patients in whom pharmacological or standard mechanical prophylaxis methods are contraindicated or are regarded as unsafe or impractical. Although findings of experimental studies suggest that NMES reduce venous stasis, the clinical utility and effectiveness of NMES in VTE prevention remain controversial...
November 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161458/proton-pump-inhibitors-for-functional-dyspepsia
#14
REVIEW
Maria Ines Pinto-Sanchez, Yuhong Yuan, Ahmed Hassan, Premysl Bercik, Paul Moayyedi
BACKGROUND: Functional dyspepsia (FD or non-ulcer dyspepsia) is defined as continuous or frequently recurring epigastric pain or discomfort for which no organic cause can be found. Acid suppressive therapy, including proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), has been proposed as a therapeutic option in FD, but its efficacy remains controversial. While PPIs are generally considered safe and well tolerated, they have been associated with adverse events, especially in the long term. For this reason, decisions on whether to initiate or continue PPI therapy should be made based on an appropriate clinical indication...
November 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161444/risk-perceptions-of-public-health-and-food-safety-hazards-in-poultry-husbandry-by-citizens-poultry-farmers-and-poultry-veterinarians
#15
M van Asselt, P M Poortvliet, E D Ekkel, B Kemp, E N Stassen
Differences in risk perceptions of public health and food safety hazards in various poultry husbandry systems by various stakeholder groups, may affect the acceptability of those husbandry systems. Therefore, the objective was to gain insight into risk perceptions of citizens, poultry farmers, and poultry veterinarians regarding food safety and public health hazards in poultry husbandry systems, and into factors explaining these risk perceptions. We surveyed risk perceptions of Campylobacter contamination of broiler meat, avian influenza introduction in laying hens, and altered dioxin levels in eggs for the most commonly used broiler and laying hen husbandry systems in Dutch citizens (n = 2,259), poultry farmers (n = 100), and poultry veterinarians (n = 41)...
November 17, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161370/association-of-left-atrial-low-voltage-area-and-thrombo-embolic-risk-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-authors-reply
#16
Patrick Müller, Philipp Halbfass, Thomas Deneke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161340/prefrontal-executive-control-rescues-risk-for-anxiety-associated-with-high-threat-and-low-reward-brain-function
#17
Matthew A Scult, Annchen R Knodt, Spenser R Radtke, Bartholomew D Brigidi, Ahmad R Hariri
Compared with neural biomarkers of risk for mental illness, little is known about biomarkers of resilience. We explore if greater executive control-related prefrontal activity may function as a resilience biomarker by "rescuing" risk associated with higher threat-related amygdala and lower reward-related ventral striatum activity. Functional MRI was used to assay baseline threat-related amygdala, reward-related ventral striatum, and executive control-related prefrontal activity in 120 young adult volunteers...
November 17, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161336/efficacy-of-electrical-stimulation-of-the-occipital-nerve-in-intractable-primary-headache-disorders-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analyses
#18
Robert T Cadalso, John Daugherty, Caron Holmes, Saravanan Ram, Reyes Enciso
AIMS: To determine the efficacy of occipital nerve stimulation (ONS) in reducing the intensity, duration, and frequency of medically intractable primary headaches. METHODS: A systematic review was carried out by searching three electronic databases: the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE via PubMed, and Web of Science. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and case series were eligible for inclusion. RCTs were assessed for quality of evidence by using the Cochrane Risk of Bias and the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) tools...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161335/shoulder-complaints-in-wheelchair-athletes-a-systematic-review
#19
Omar W Heyward, Riemer J K Vegter, Sonja de Groot, Lucas H V van der Woude
BACKGROUND: In recent years the popularity of disabled sports and competition among disabled athletes has grown considerably. With this rise in exposure of, and participation in wheelchair sports comes an increase in related stressors, including musculoskeletal load. External mechanical loading may increase the risk of shoulder complaints. The objective of this literature review was to 1) identify and describe the prevalence and/or incidence of shoulder complaints in wheelchair athletes in the literature, to 2) examine the factors and underlying mechanisms that could be potentially involved, and 3) provide some insights into the development of preventative measures...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161326/fasting-glucose-and-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-in-the-korean-multi-center-cancer-cohort
#20
Hyeree Park, Sooyoung Cho, Hyeongtaek Woo, Sue K Park, Hai-Rim Shin, Soung-Hoon Chang, Keun-Young Yoo, Aesun Shin
Previous cohort studies have demonstrated a positive association between diabetes mellitus (DM) and colorectal cancer (CRC). However, there are few comparisons between DM groups categorized by fasting glucose level. This study examined associations between diabetes as defined by fasting glucose level and self-reported history of DM and CRC risk among Korean adults. Data from the Korean Multi-center Cancer Cohort between 1993 and 2005 were analyzed. The study population comprised 14,570 participants aged 20 years or older...
2017: PloS One
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