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Hyperlaxity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732492/joint-hyperlaxity-prevents-relapses-in-clubfeet-treated-by-ponseti-method-preliminary-results
#1
Dan Ionuţ Cosma, Andrei Corbu, Dan Viorel Nistor, Adrian Todor, Madalina Valeanu, Jose Morcuende, Sorin Man
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the role of joint hyperlaxity (by Beighton score) as a protective factor for clubfoot relapse. METHODS: Patients with idiopathic clubfoot treated with the Ponseti method between January 2004 and December 2012, without other congenital foot deformity, and not previously treated by open surgery were included in either the Relapse group (n = 23) if it was a clubfoot relapse or the Control group (n = 19) if no relapse was noted...
May 7, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500142/-anal-incontinence-and-obstetrical-anal-sphincter-injuries-epidemiology-and-prevention
#2
X Fritel, B Gachon, D Desseauve, T Thubert
Our main objectives were to identify risk factors, methods for early diagnosis, and prevention of obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIs), using a literature review. The main risk factors for OASIs are nulliparity, instrumental delivery, posterior presentation, median episiotomy, prolonged second phase of labor and fetal macrosomia. Asian origin, short ano-vulvar distance, ligamentous hyperlaxity, lack of expulsion control, non-visualization of the perineum or maneuvers for shoulder dystocia also appear to be risk factors...
April 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477862/the-brain-lung-thyroid-syndrome-blts-a-novel-deletion-in-chromosome-14q13-2-q21-1-expands-the-phenotype-to-humoral-immunodeficiency
#3
Beatriz Villafuerte, Daniel Natera-de-Benito, Aidy González, María A Mori, María Palomares, Julián Nevado, Sixto García-Miñaur, Pablo Lapunzina, Luis I González-Granado, Luis M Allende, José C Moreno
Genetic defects of NKX2-1 are classically associated with hypothyroidism, benign chorea and neonatal respiratory distress. The purpose of this study was to identify the genetic pathogenesis of the "NKX2-1 triad" in a 10 year-old female presenting additional features barely described in the disorder. In the neonatal period, she presented with generalized hypotonia and respiratory distress, with later episodes of frequent wheezing. At 3 month-age developmental dysplasia of the hip was diagnosed and at 10 months, primary hypothyroidism was detected and treated...
February 22, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465610/col6a-and-lama2-mutation-congenital-muscular-dystrophy-a-clinical-and-electrophysiological-study
#4
Sumit Verma, Parul Goyal, Lokesh Guglani, Charlotte Peinhardt, Diane Pelzek, Paul E Barkhaus
OBJECTIVES: COL6A and LAMA2 are subtypes of congenital muscular dystrophy. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of clinical findings, spirometry, muscle histology, muscle ultrasound, neuroimaging, and Electromyography (EMG)/Nerve Conduction Study data in genetically confirmed COL6A and LAMA2 subjects. RESULTS: We identified 8 COL6A and 6 LAMA2 subjects: the female-to-male ratio was 1.3:1 and the mean age was 11.9 ± 3.6 years. Gross motor delays since birth, proximal muscle weakness, and contractures were noted in both groups...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuromuscular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409174/all-inside-arthroscopic-allograft-reconstruction-of-the-anterior-talo-fibular-ligament-using-an-accesory-transfibular-portal
#5
Jesús Vilá-Rico, Josep María Cabestany-Castellà, Bernat Cabestany-Perich, César Núñez-Samper, Cristina Ojeda-Thies
BACKGROUND: Anatomic graft reconstruction of the anterior talo-fibular ligament is an alternative for patients who are bad candidates for standard procedures such as a Broström-Gould reconstruction (high-demand athletes, obesity, hyperlaxity or collagen disorders, capsular insufficiency or talar avulsions). The purpose of this study is to describe an all-inside arthroscopic technique for ATFL reconstruction, and the results in a series of patients with chronic ankle instability. METHODS: We reviewed patients with chronic ATFL ruptures treated with an all-inside arthroscopic allograft reconstruction of the ATFL, with a minimum 2-year follow-up...
December 23, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276533/contraindications-and-complications-of-the-latarjet-procedure
#6
REVIEW
Peter Domos, Enricomaria Lunini, Gilles Walch
The Latarjet procedure is a well-known, safe and reliable technique to treat primary or recurrent anterior dislocations or subluxations, with or without hyperlaxity, with or without glenoid bone loss. Both the open and the arthroscopic methods produce excellent clinical results, with a low rate of recurrent instability. There have been concerns of a higher surgical complication rate associated with this procedure, however, large reviews reported an overall complication rate in the open Latarjet procedure of 15%...
January 2018: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275641/vaginal-hyperlaxity-syndrome-a-new-concept-and-challenge
#7
Santiago Palacios
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275432/aetiopathogenesis-of-cuff-tear-arthropathy-could-juvenile-joint-laxity-be-considered-a-predisposing-factor
#8
Stefano Gumina, Alessandro Castagna, Vittorio Candela, Teresa Venditto, Giuseppe Giannicola, Mario Borroni, Ciro Villani
PURPOSE: Although many hypotheses have been formulated, aetiopathogenesis of cuff-tear arthropathy (CTA) is still motive for discussion. Since prevalence of CTA is notoriously higher in women, as is joint hypermobility, we hypothesised a possible correlation between the two conditions. METHODS: One hundred thirty-three (n = 133) consecutive patients with glenohumeral osteoarthritis [48 men, 85 women; mean age (SD) 72.32 (7.05)] were divided into two groups: Groups 1 (CTA) and 2 (concentric shoulder arthropathy) comprised 71 (22 men, 49 women) and 62 (26 men, 36 women), respectively...
December 23, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230159/spondyloepimetaphysial-dysplasia-with-joint-laxity-in-three-siblings-with-b3galt6-mutations
#9
Pamela Trejo, Frank Rauch, Francis H Glorieux, Jean Ouellet, Thierry Benaroch, Philippe M Campeau
Spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia with joint laxity type 1 (SEMDJL1) is a rare entity with a recessive inheritance. In this report, we describe 3 affected members of the same family who present with short stature, hyperlaxity with secondary spinal malalignment, ulnar subluxation, developmental dysplasia of the hips, and craniofacial alterations; one member also had learning difficulties. DNA analysis showed compound heterozygous variants in the B3GALT6 gene (c.901_921dup, c.511C>T) in all 3 patients, inherited from the parents...
November 2017: Molecular Syndromology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114336/physical-exam-and-evaluation-of-the-unstable-shoulder
#10
María Valencia Mora, Miguel Ángel Ruiz Ibán, Jorge Diaz Heredia, Juan Carlos Gutiérrez-Gómez, Raquel Ruiz Diaz, Mikel Aramberri, Carlos Cobiella
Background: The clinical evaluation of the patient with shoulder instability can be challenging. The pathological spectrum ranges from the straightforward "recurrent anterior dislocation" patient to the overhead athlete with a painful shoulder but not clear instability episodes. Advances in shoulder arthroscopy and imaging have helped in understanding the anatomy and physiopathology of the symptoms. The aim of this general article is to summarize the main examination manoeuvres that could be included in an overall approach to a patient with a suspicion of instability...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107469/diseases-of-the-retina-and-the-optic-nerve-associated-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#11
REVIEW
Marielle Mentek, Florent Aptel, Diane Godin-Ribuot, Renaud Tamisier, Jean-Louis Pepin, Christophe Chiquet
Many associations between ocular disorders and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have been studied, such as nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy, glaucoma, papilledema, retinal vein occlusion, eyelid hyperlaxity, lower-eyelid ectropion and recurrent corneal erosions. The objective of this review is to synthetize the possible vascular disorders of the retina and the optic nerve associated with sleep apnea patients and to discuss the underlying pathophysiological hypotheses. Main mechanisms involved in the ocular complications of OSA are related to intermittent hypoxia, sympathetic system activation, oxidant stress, and deleterious effects of endothelin 1...
April 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081865/multidirectional-instability-natural-history-and-evaluation
#12
REVIEW
Miguel García Navlet, Cristina Victoria Asenjo-Gismero
BACKGROUND: Multidirectional instability (MDI) represents a great challenge to the orthopedic surgeon. When treating these patients we must be aware that instability refers to a symptomatic situation, thus multidirectional instability is defined as symptomatic involuntary instability in two or more directions, and should be clearly differentiated from asymptomatic hyperlaxity. It may be associated with hyperlaxity, either congenital or acquired following repetitive stress, but also may be present without hyperlaxity, which is rare...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979602/the-posterior-unstable-shoulder-natural-history-clinical-evaluation-and-imaging
#13
Jorge Díaz Heredia, Miguel Angel Ruiz Iban, Raquel Ruiz Diaz, Santos Moros Marco, Juan Carlos Gutierrez Hernandez, Maria Valencia
BACKGROUND: There is a low incidence of posterior instability which is present in only 2% to 10% of all unstable shoulders. The posterior instable shoulder includes different manifestations like fixed dislocation, recurrent subluxation or dislocation. METHODS: Research and online content related to posterior instability is reviewed. Natural history, clinical evaluation and imaging are described. RESULTS: An awareness of the disorder, together with a thoughtful evaluation, beginning with the clinical history, usually leads to proper diagnosis...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918999/diagnosis-of-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-after-a-first-shoulder-dislocation
#14
Geoffroy Nourissat, Marie Vigan, Claude Hamonet, Levon Doursounian, Julien Deranlot
BACKGROUND: Shoulder dislocation is often the first symptom of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS). Whether it occurs in early-onset EDS is unknown. In most cases, surgical failure leads to the diagnosis. We aimed to determine whether clinical symptoms can signal the presence of EDS at a first dislocation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, we analyzed clinical and radiologic data for 27 patients with EDS and shoulder instability and a control population of 40 consecutive non-EDS patients undergoing surgery for an unstable shoulder...
January 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918784/-treatment-of-patellar-instability
#15
Martin Lind, Peter Faunø, Ole Gade Sørensen, Bjarne Mygind-Klavsen
First-time patellar luxation appears typically in teenagers and young adults below the age of 16 years, with a prevalence of 45/100,000/year. This luxation is treated with brief limited mobility in a bandage, and with a complementary physiotherapy if the mobility is influenced afterwards. Risk factors for patellar instability are patellofemoral dysplasia, hyperlaxity, patella alta and valgus malalignment in the knee joint. In case of repeated luxation the treatment is surgical, i.e. reconstruction of the medial patellofemoral ligament recreating the medial patella-stabilizing structures...
September 18, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777214/recurrent-shoulder-instability-after-primary-bankart-repair
#16
Michael A Donohue, Timothy C Mauntel, Jonathan F Dickens
The glenohumeral joint is one of the most frequently dislocated joints and occurs with increasing frequency in collision and contact athletes, especially those in sports that repeatedly place the glenohumeral joint in a position of vulnerability. Nonoperative management of shoulder instability especially in young contact athletes results in unacceptably high recurrence rates; thus, early surgical stabilization has become commonplace. Surgical stabilization typically yields acceptable outcomes. However, recurrent anterior instability may occur following a previous stabilization procedure at rates of 7% to 12%...
September 2017: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745068/arthroscopic-capsular-shrinkage-for-treatment-of-chronic-lateral-ankle-instability
#17
Gwendolyn Vuurberg, Jasper S de Vries, Rover Krips, Leendert Blankevoort, Alex W F M Fievez, C Niek van Dijk
BACKGROUND: Capsular shrinkage is an arthroscopic stabilization technique that can be used in patients with chronic ankle instability (CAI), if desired in addition to primary arthroscopic procedures. Despite positive short-term results, long-term follow-up of these patients has not yet been performed. Therefore, our objective was to assess whether capsular shrinkage still provided functional outcome after 12-14 years compared to preoperative scores. METHODS: This study was a retrospective long-term follow-up of a prospectively conducted longitudinal multicenter trial...
October 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660205/pneumothoraces-in-collagen-vi-related-dystrophy-a-case-series-and-recommendations-for-management
#18
Kristin L Fraser, Scott Wong, A Reghan Foley, Sameer Chhibber, Carsten G Bönnemann, Daniel J Lesser, Carla Grosmann, Anne Rutkowski
Collagen VI-related dystrophy (collagen VI-RD) is a rare neuromuscular condition caused by mutations in the COL6A1, COL6A2 or COL6A3 genes. The phenotypic spectrum includes early-onset Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy, adult-onset Bethlem myopathy and an intermediate phenotype. The disorder is characterised by distal hyperlaxity and progressive muscle weakness, joint contractures and respiratory insufficiency. Respiratory insufficiency is attributed to chest wall contractures, scoliosis, impaired diaphragmatic function and intercostal muscle weakness...
April 2017: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596045/comorbidity-in-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#19
Jesús Castro-Marrero, Mónica Faro, Luisa Aliste, Naia Sáez-Francàs, Natalia Calvo, Alba Martínez-Martínez, Tomás Fernández de Sevilla, Jose Alegre
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown evidence of comorbid conditions in chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME). OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of comorbidities and assess their associations using a nationwide population-based database of a Spanish CFS/ME cohort. METHOD: A nationally representative, retrospective, cross-sectional cohort study (2008-2015) assessed 1757 Spanish subjects who met both the 1994 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/Fukuda definition and 2003 Canadian Criteria for CFS/ME...
September 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584496/marfan-syndrome
#20
T Sivasankari, Philips Mathew, Ravi David Austin, Sakthi Devi
Marfan syndrome (MFS) is the autosomal dominant-inherited multisystem connective-tissue disorder, with a reported incidence of 1 in 10,000 individuals and equal distribution in both genders. The main clinical manifestation of this disorder consists of an exaggerated length of the upper and lower limbs, hyperlaxity, scoliosis, alterations in the cardiovascular and pulmonary systems, and atypical bone overgrowth. Orofacial manifestations such as high-arched palate, hypodontia, long narrow teeth, bifid uvula, mandibular prognathism, and temporomandibular disorders are also common...
January 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
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