keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Blood stream infections

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339675/high-reported-rates-of-antimicrobial-resistance-in-indian-neonatal-and-pediatric-blood-stream-infections
#1
Dhanya Dharmapalan, Anita Shet, Vijay Yewale, Mike Sharland
Background.: There is real shortage of national data on antimicrobial resistance rates in Indian neonates and children. A descriptive review was conducted to determine the patterns of antimicrobial resistance in isolates of blood stream infection among hospitalized children in India. Methods.: Published and gray literature on antibiotic resistance in children was searched using "Google Scholar", "Scopus", and "PubMed" databases between January 2000 and July 2015...
February 18, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332765/combating-blood-stream-infections-during-induction-chemotherapy-in-children-with-acute-myeloid-leukemia-single-center-results-in-india
#2
Divya Subburaj, Ramya Uppuluri, Dhaarani Jayaraman, Venkateshwaran Vellaichamyswaminathan, Sathishkumar Kandath, Revathi Raj
Optimal management of infectious complication is the biggest challenge in children receiving chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We have analyzed the data of children undergoing AML induction chemotherapy at our center from 2002 to 2016 and found that Gram-negative infections are more predominant when compared to the published literature. There also has been a surge in multidrug-resistant (MDR) infections over the last 4 years, which has increased the need for supportive care and escalated the cost of care...
March 23, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330584/central-line-associated-sepsis-in-children-receiving-parenteral-nutrition-in-oman
#3
Tawfiq T Al Lawati, Adawaiya Al Jamie, Nasra Al Mufarraji
Parenteral Nutrition (PN) is used when gut fails to provide complete nutrition. Central line Associate Blood Stream Infection (CLABSI) a major complication of this therapy. The objective of the study was to report the incidence of CLABSI and associated mortality in children receiving PN in the Royal Hospital and study the indication and duration of PN use. All children from the age of 0-48 months who received TPN outside NICU from the period between 1/1/2011 till 31/12/2014 were included. Data were retrieved from the hospital electronic data base...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330498/identification-of-cattle-buffaloes-and-rodents-as-reservoir-animals-of-leptospira-in-the-district-of-gampaha-sri-lanka
#4
D T H Denipitiya, N V Chandrasekharan, W Abeyewickreme, R A Hartskeerl, M D Hapugoda
BACKGROUND: Leptospirosis is an important emerging infectious disease in Sri Lanka. Rats are the most important reservoir of Leptospira but domestic and wild mammals may also act as important maintenance or accidental hosts. In Sri Lanka, knowledge of reservoir animals of leptospires is poor. The objective of this study was to identify potential reservoir animals of Leptospira in the District of Gampaha, Sri Lanka. FINDINGS: Blood and kidney samples were collected from 38 rodents and mid-stream urine samples were randomly collected from 45 cattle and five buffaloes in the District of Gampaha...
March 23, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324245/comparison-of-dna-microarray-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-lamp-and-real-time-pcr-with-dna-sequencing-for-identification-of-fusarium-spp-obtained-from-patients-with-hematologic-malignancies
#5
Marcela de Souza, Tetsuhiro Matsuzawa, Kanae Sakai, Yasunori Muraosa, Luzia Lyra, Ariane Fidelis Busso-Lopes, Anna Sara Shafferman Levin, Angélica Zaninelli Schreiber, Yuzuru Mikami, Tohoru Gonoi, Katsuhiko Kamei, Maria Luiza Moretti, Plínio Trabasso
The performance of three molecular biology techniques, i.e., DNA microarray, loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP), and real-time PCR were compared with DNA sequencing for properly identification of 20 isolates of Fusarium spp. obtained from blood stream as etiologic agent of invasive infections in patients with hematologic malignancies. DNA microarray, LAMP and real-time PCR identified 16 (80%) out of 20 samples as Fusarium solani species complex (FSSC) and four (20%) as Fusarium spp. The agreement among the techniques was 100%...
March 21, 2017: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321802/sepsis-risk-factors-in-infants-with-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#6
Michaël Levy, Nolwenn Le Sache, Mostafa Mokhtari, Guy Fagherazzi, Gaelle Cuzon, Benjamin Bueno, Virginie Fouquet, Alexandra Benachi, Sergio Eleni Dit Trolli, Pierre Tissieres
BACKGROUND: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a rare congenital anomaly and remains among the most challenging ICU-managed disease. Beside severe pulmonary hypertension, lung hypoplasia and major abdominal surgery, infective complications remain major determinants of outcome. However, the specific incidence of sepsis as well as associated risk factors is unknown. METHODS: This prospective, 4-year observational study took place in the pediatric intensive care and neonatal medicine department of the Paris South University Hospitals (Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France), CDH national referral center and involved 62 neonates with CDH...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297055/any-use-for-alternative-lock-solutions-in-the-prevention-of-catheter-related-blood-stream-infections
#7
Laura Labriola, Jean-Michel Pochet
The prevention of catheter-related blood stream infections (CRBSI) in hemodialysis (HD) patients remains a challenge because of high morbidity and mortality associated to CRBSI. Alternative locking solutions (ALS) containing an antithrombotic substance with additional antimicrobial or antibiofilm properties (citrate, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid [EDTA], 70% ethanol, thrombolytics) with or without the addition of molecules with specific antimicrobial activity (antibiotics, taurolidine, paraben-methylene-blue) has been proposed with the aim to prevent or eradicate intraluminal biofilm colonization and subsequent CRBSI...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283785/a-quality-improvement-initiative-to-reduce-central-line-infection-in-neonates-using-checklists
#8
Jacqueline E Taylor, Susan J McDonald, Arul Earnest, Jim Buttery, Bree Fusinato, Samantha Hovenden, Andrea Wallace, Kenneth Tan
Central line associated blood stream infections (CLABSI) are the most common complication of central catheters in neonates. These infections increase length of hospital stay, hospital costs and impact on mortality and morbidities. We performed a quasi-experimental study, over 24 months, utilising a pre-post design to determine the impact checklists had on central line infections. We introduced checklists for insertion, daily maintenance and procedural access based on the existing clinical guideline. Infections and compliance were monitored and reported back to the unit each month...
March 10, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279965/lower-levels-of-vitamin-a-are-associated-with-increased-gastrointestinal-graft-versus-host-disease-in-children
#9
Dana T Lounder, Pooja Khandelwal, Christopher Dandoy, Sonata Jodele, Michael Grimley, Gregory Wallace, Adam Lane, Cynthia Taggart, Ashley Teusink-Cross, Kelly Lake, Stella M Davies
Vitamin A promotes development of mucosal tolerance and enhances differentiation of regulatory T cells. Vitamin A deficiency impairs epithelial integrity, increasing intestinal permeability. We hypothesized that higher vitamin A levels would reduce risk of graft versus host disease through reduced intestinal permeability, reduced mucosal injury, and reduced lymphocyte homing to the gut. We tested this hypothesis in a cohort study of 114 consecutive patients undergoing allogeneic stem cell transplant. Free vitamin A levels were measured in plasma at day 30 post-transplant...
March 9, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273989/healthcare-associated-infections-in-a-resource-limited-setting
#10
Chanaveerappa Bammigatti, Saikumar Doradla, Harish Narasimha Belgode, Harichandra Kumar, Rathinam Palamalai Swaminathan
INTRODUCTION: Health Care associated Infections (HAI) are the most common complications affecting the hospitalized patients. HAI are more common in developing and under developed countries. However, there are no systematic surveillance programs in these countries. AIM: To find out the burden, predisposing factors and multidrug resistant organisms causing HAI in a resource limited setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective observational study was done at Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER)...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267981/healthcare-associated-infections-in-cardiac-surgery-patients-with-prolonged-intensive-care-unit-stay
#11
Michael Mazzeffi, James Gammie, Bradley Taylor, Sarah Cardillo, Nicholina Haldane-Lutterodt, Anthony Amoroso, Anthony Harris, Kerri Thom
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are responsible for many deaths of hospitalized patients each year. Patients with prolonged hospitalization are at high risk for HAIs. Increased efforts have been made to decrease these infections, but a recent report from the Centers for Disease Control suggests that some HAIs may be increasing. We hypothesized that HAIs would remain frequent among cardiac surgery patients with prolonged intensive care unit stay and would be associated with increased mortality...
March 4, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265966/pyocystis-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Mohamed H Kamel, Ramsey Gardner, Ali Tourchi, Karen Tart, Omer Raheem, Bradley Houston, Nabil Bissada, Rodney Davis
Pyocystis, empyema cystis, vesical empyema are all terms that describe the purulent filled bladder that may develop in patients with defunctionalized bladders such as after supravesical urinary diversion without cystectomy or in patients with end-stage renal disease with anuria. It is a severe form of lower urinary tract infection. In addition to the local symptoms of suprapubic pain and malodorous discharge, the condition can be more serious with bacterial dissemination into the blood stream and ensuing sepsis and even mortality...
March 7, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260622/group-b-adenovirus-enadenotucirev-infects-polarised-colorectal-cancer-cells-efficiently-from-the-basolateral-surface-expected-to-be-encountered-during-intravenous-delivery-to-treat-disseminated-cancer
#13
Suet-Lin Chia, Janet Lei, David J P Ferguson, Arthur Dyer, Kerry D Fisher, Leonard W Seymour
Enadenotucirev (EnAd) is a group B oncolytic adenovirus developed for systemic delivery and currently undergoing clinical evaluation for advanced cancer therapy. For differentiated carcinomas, systemic delivery would likely expose virus particles to the basolateral surface of cancer cells rather than the apical surface encountered during natural infection. Here, we compare the ability of EnAd and adenovirus type-5 (Ad5) to infect polarised colorectal carcinoma cells from the apical or basolateral surfaces. Whereas Ad5 infection was more efficient via the apical than basolateral surface, EnAd readily infected cells from either surface...
March 2, 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255806/audit-of-aspects-of-practice-in-relation-to-patients-with-suspected-community-onset-blood-stream-infection
#14
M A Reza, M Cormican
BACKGROUND: Community-onset blood stream infection (C-BSI) is an important cause of sepsis. The urinary tract is an important source for C-BSI. Urinary catheters are a recognized risk factor. Blood culture is the critical diagnostic test. Prompt effective antimicrobial therapy is a key intervention. We reviewed practice in relation to patients presenting with suspected C-BSI. AIM: To review practice in relation to patients presenting with suspected C-BSI. METHODS: Patients were those with blood cultures (BC) submitted from the emergency department over 4 weeks...
March 2, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249816/anti-inflammatory-and-antioxidant-effects-of-polyphenols-extracted-from-antirhea-borbonica-medicinal-plant-on-adipocytes-exposed-to-porphyromonas-gingivalis-and-escherichia-coli-lipopolysaccharides
#15
Fanny Le Sage, Olivier Meilhac, Marie-Paule Gonthier
In obesity, gut microbiota LPS may translocate into the blood stream and then contribute to adipose tissue inflammation and oxidative stress, leading to insulin resistance. A causal link between periodontal infection, obesity and type 2 diabetes has also been suggested. We evaluated the ability of polyphenols from Antirhea borbonica medicinal plant to improve the inflammatory and redox status of 3T3-L1 adipocytes exposed to LPS of Porphyromonas gingivalis periodontopathogen or Escherichia coli enterobacteria...
February 27, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244482/the-microbial-etiology-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-bloodstream-infections-in-patients-with-cancer-at-a-private-tertiary-care-hospital-in-mumbai-india
#16
T Singhal, S Shah, R Naik
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the etiology and antimicrobial susceptibility of blood stream infections in patients with cancer is crucial to design empirical therapy regimes. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study at a tertiary care private hospital in Mumbai, India from Nov 2009 - Dec 2014. RESULTS: A total of 62 episodes of blood stream infections in 57 patients with cancer were recorded during the study period. Analysis was limited to 52 isolates from 49 episodes in 45 patients...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243995/septic-pulmonary-emboli-detected-by-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-in-children-with-s-aureus-catheter-related-bacteremia
#17
A Méndez-Echevarria, M Coronado-Poggio, F Baquero-Artigao, T Del Rosal, S Rodado-Marina, C Calvo, L Domínguez-Gadea
PURPOSE: The role of (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography ((18)F-FDG PET/CT) in the diagnosis of metastatic infectious foci in children with catheter-related blood stream infection has been hardly studied, although some authors have reported it benefit in the screening of metastatic foci in adult population. Septic pulmonary emboli are among the most difficult to identify, because many cases do not present pulmonary complaints or abnormal chest radiography...
February 27, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238416/quantitative-multiplexed-tandem-pcr-for-direct-detection-of-bacteraemia-in-critically-ill-patients
#18
Andrew N Ginn, Briony Hazelton, Shereen Shoma, Martin Cullen, Thomas Solano, Jonathan R Iredell
Culture remains the gold standard for diagnosis of blood stream infections (BSI), but its clinical utility is limited by slow turnaround times. Here we describe a method for rapid quantitative detection of bacterial DNA directly extracted from whole blood using a multiplexed tandem real-time PCR (MT-PCR) assay targeting Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, Pseudomonas, Enterococcus and Enterobacteriaceae 16S rDNA genes. Results were available less than 3.5 hours after blood collection with all five bacterial targets having limits of detection between 10(1) and 10(3) CFU/mL...
February 23, 2017: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220684/living-donor-liver-transplantation-during-the-first-three-months-of-life
#19
Mureo Kasahara, Seisuke Sakamoto, Kengo Sasaki, Hajime Uchida, Toshihiro Kitajima, Takanobu Shigeta, Soichi Narumoto, Yoshihiro Hirata, Akinari Fukuda
BACKGROUND: Living donor liver transplantation is now an established technique for treating children with end-stage liver disease. Few data exist about liver transplantation for exclusively young infants, especially infants of <3 months of age. We report our single-center experience with 12 cases in which living donor liver transplantation (LT) was performed during the first 3 months of life and compare the results with those of older infants who underwent LT. All of the patients were treated at the National Center of Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan...
February 21, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213809/the-correlation-between-biofilm-production-and-catheter-related-blood-stream-infections-sustained-by-candida-a-case-control-study
#20
Grazia Brunetti, Valeria Visconti, Maria Cristina Ghezzi, Alessandra Giordano, Giammarco Raponi
Biofilm forming capacity of yeasts colonizing the intravenous devices is considered a key factor involved in the pathogenesis of Candida catheter-related bloodstream infections (CCRBSI). The biofilm production of strains of Candida spp. isolated both from the CVC and from the blood of patients with CCRBSI was compared to that of strains isolated from patients not having CCRBSI. Results, expressed in terms of Biofilm Index (BI), revealed that biofilm-producing strains were isolated in the CCRBSI group with a frequency significantly higher than in the non-CCRBSI group (χ(2) = 4...
February 18, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
keyword
keyword
14019
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"