keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Blood stream infections

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220684/living-donor-liver-transplantation-during-the-first-three-months-of-life
#1
Mureo Kasahara, Seisuke Sakamoto, Kengo Sasaki, Hajime Uchida, Toshihiro Kitajima, Takanobu Shigeta, Soichi Narumoto, Yoshihiro Hirata, Akinari Fukuda
BACKGROUND: Living donor liver transplantation is now an established technique for treating children with end-stage liver disease. Few data exist about liver transplantation for exclusively young infants, especially infants of <3 months of age. We report our single-center experience with 12 cases in which living donor liver transplantation (LT) was performed during the first 3 months of life and compare the results with those of older infants who underwent LT. All of the patients were treated at the National Center of Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan...
February 21, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213809/the-correlation-between-biofilm-production-and-catheter-related-blood-stream-infections-sustained-by-candida-a-case-control-study
#2
Grazia Brunetti, Valeria Visconti, Maria Cristina Ghezzi, Alessandra Giordano, Giammarco Raponi
Biofilm forming capacity of yeasts colonizing the intravenous devices is considered a key factor involved in the pathogenesis of Candida catheter-related bloodstream infections (CCRBSI). The biofilm production of strains of Candida spp. isolated both from the CVC and from the blood of patients with CCRBSI was compared to that of strains isolated from patients not having CCRBSI. Results, expressed in terms of Biofilm Index (BI), revealed that biofilm-producing strains were isolated in the CCRBSI group with a frequency significantly higher than in the non-CCRBSI group (χ(2) = 4...
February 18, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209132/urinary-tract-infection-among-fistula-patients-admitted-at-hamlin-fistula-hospital-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#3
Matifan Dereje, Yimtubezinesh Woldeamanuel, Daneil Asrat, Fekade Ayenachew
BACKGROUND: Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) causes a serious health problem and affects millions of people worldwide. Patients with obstetric fistula usually suffer from incontinence of urine and stool, which can predispose them to frequent infections of the urinary tract. Therefore the aim of this study was to determine the etiologic agents, drug resistance pattern of the isolates and associated risk factor for urinary tract infection among fistula patients in Addis Ababa fistula hospital, Ethiopia...
February 16, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208889/management-of-pneumonia-and-blood-stream-infections-with-new-antibiotic-adjuvant-entity-ceftriaxone-sulbactam-disodium-edetate-a-novel-way-to-spare-carbapenems
#4
Mohammad Shameem, Mohammad Amin Mir
INTRODUCTION: Nosocomial infections have been considered as a major health problem causing incremental morbidity, mortality and costs of therapy. AIM: This retrospective study was initiated with aim to analyse the comparative efficacy of a novel Antibiotic Adjuvant Entity (AAE), a combination of ceftriaxone + sulbactam + disodium edetate and meropenem in combination with colistin, for the management of Multi Drug Resistant (MDR) nosocomial Gram-negative bacterial infections...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202886/totally-implantable-central-venous-device-associated-blood-stream-infection-in-elderly-malignant-disease-patients
#5
Yasuo Aota, Yuko Okuda, Tsubasa Watanabe, Keitaro Fujiwara, Itaru Nakamura, Tomohisa Yokoyama, Akihiko Gotoh, Michio Sakurai
AIM: We investigated the rate of bloodstream infections in elderly malignant disease patients whose totally implantable central venous device (CV ports) had been removed for any reason at our hospital. METHODS: We evaluated 22 elderly malignant disease patients who had had their CV ports removed for any reason between May 2014 to April 2015. RESULTS: The patients were 12 males and 10 females between 62 and 86 years of age with a median age of 75...
2017: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197349/corynebacterium-striatum-bacteremia-associated-with-a-catheter-related-blood-stream-infection
#6
Ueno Daisuke, Tomohiro Oishi, Kunikazu Yamane, Kihei Terada
A 49-year-old woman visited our emergency department because of exertional dyspnea due to severe left ventricular functional failure. It progressed to disseminated intravascular coagulation and disturbance of consciousness on day 67 of admission. Gram-positive bacilli were detected from two different blood culture samples on day 67 of admission. An API-Coryne test and sequencing (1~615 bp) of the 16S rRNA gene were performed, and the strain was identified as Corynebacterium striatum. The bacterium was detected from the removed central venous catheter tip too, and the patient was diagnosed with catheter-related bloodstream infection by C...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190399/a-community-based-survey-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-among-pregnant-women-in-rural-areas-of-taiz-governorate-yemen-the-risk-of-waterborne-transmission
#7
Mohammed A K Mahdy, Lina M Q Alareqi, Rashad Abdul-Ghani, Samira M A Al-Eryani, Abdullah A Al-Mikhlafy, Abdulsalam M Al-Mekhlafi, Fawzya Alkarshy, Rohela Mahmud
BACKGROUND: Toxoplasma gondii is a zoonotic coccidian parasite causing morbidity and mortality. In Yemen, T. gondii infection has been reported among pregnant women seeking healthcare in the main cities. However, no data are available on the prevalence of T. gondii infection and its associated risk factors among pregnant women in the rural communities of the country. Thus, the present study aimed to determine the seroprevalence of T. gondii and identify its risk factors among pregnant women in the rural communities of Taiz governorate, Yemen...
February 13, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188094/catheter-related-bloodstream-infection-caused-by-kodamaea-ohmeri-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Yoshiaki Kanno, Yoshitaka Wakabayashi, Mahoko Ikeda, Keita Tatsuno, Yoshiki Misawa, Tomoaki Sato, Shintaro Yanagimoto, Shu Okugawa, Kyoji Moriya, Hiroshi Yotsuyanagi
Kodamaea ohmeri is a rare yeast pathogen that has recently emerged as an important cause of fungemia in immunocompromised patients. However, appropriate therapy for this infection remains unclear. We report a case of catheter-related blood stream infection caused by K. ohmeri in a 58-year-old patient who improved after removal of the central venous catheter and administration of micafungin. Considering the antibiotic susceptibility of this pathogen and reviewing literature, echinocandins may be the first choice for an empiric therapy for this pathogen...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188037/determinants-of-outcomes-in-patients-with-simple-gastroschisis
#9
Fouad Youssef, Jean-Martin Laberge, Pramod Puligandla, Sherif Emil
PURPOSE: We analyzed the determinants of outcomes in simple gastroschisis (GS) not complicated by intestinal atresia, perforation, or necrosis. METHODS: All simple GS patients enrolled in a national prospective registry from 2005 to 2013 were studied. Patients below the median for total parenteral nutrition (TPN) duration (26days) and hospital stay (34days) were compared to those above. Univariate and multivariate logistic and linear regression analyses were employed using maternal, patient, postnatal, and treatment variables...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183626/stavudine-loaded-gelatin-liposomes-for-hiv-therapy-preparation-characterization-and-in-vitro-cytotoxic-evaluation
#10
Debasis Nayak, Ankita Boxi, Sarbani Ashe, Neethi Chandra Thathapudi, Bismita Nayak
Despite continuous research and availability of 25 different active compounds for treating chronic HIV-1 infection, there is no absolute cure for this deadly disease. Primarily, the residual viremia remains hidden in latently infected reservoir sites and persistently release the viral RNA into the blood stream. The study proposes the dual utilization of the prepared stavudine-containing nanoformulations to control the residual viremia as well as target the reservoir sites. Gelatin nanoformulations containing very low dosage of stavudine were prepared through classical desolvation process and were later loaded in soya lecithin-liposomes...
April 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181014/long-term-outcomes-of-totally-implantable-venous-access-devices
#11
Yi-Chia Wang, Pei-Lin Lin, Wei-Han Chou, Chih-Peng Lin, Chi-Hsiang Huang
PURPOSE: Identifying risk factors for premature totally implantable venous access device (TIVAD) catheter removal is crucial; however, because of the diversity of study methodologies, there is no consensus on such factors. The objective of the present study was to identify such risk factors by applying a cohort design study with a long-term follow-up period. METHODS: For this cohort study, we selected cancer patients who had newly implanted TIVADs between July 2008 and December 2008...
February 9, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165702/octadecyl-chains-immobilized-onto-hyaluronic-acid-coatings-by-thiol-ene-click-chemistry-increase-the-surface-antimicrobial-properties-and-prevent-platelet-adhesion-and-activation-to-polyurethane
#12
Helena P Prado Felgueiras, Li-Mei Wang, Ke-Feng Ren, Micaela M Querido, Qiao Jin, Mário Barbosa, Jian Ji, M Cristina L Martins
Infection and thrombus formation are still the biggest challenges for the success of blood contact medical devices. This work aims the development of an antimicrobial and hemocompatible biomaterial coating through which selective binding of albumin (passivant protein) from the blood stream is promoted and, thus, adsorption of other proteins responsible for bacterial adhesion and thrombus formation can be prevented. Polyurethane (PU) films were coated with hyaluronic acid, an antifouling agent, that was previously modified with thiol groups (HA-SH), using polydopamine as the binding agent...
February 6, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161884/usefulness-of-procalcitonin-in-differentiating-candida-and-bacterial-blood-stream-infections-in-critically-ill-septic-patients-outside-the-intensive-care-unit
#13
Filippo Pieralli, Lorenzo Corbo, Arianna Torrigiani, Dario Mannini, Elisa Antonielli, Antonio Mancini, Francesco Corradi, Fabio Arena, Alberto Moggi Pignone, Alessandro Morettini, Carlo Nozzoli, Gian Maria Rossolini
We aimed to explore the role of procalcitonin (PCT) for the diagnosis of Candida spp. bloodstream infections in a population of critically ill septic patients admitted to internal medicine units. This is a retrospective case-control study considering all cases of candidemia identified in three internal medicine units, from January 1st 2012 to May 31st 2016. For each case of candidemia, two patients with bacteremic sepsis were included in the study as control cases. The end point of the study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of PCT for the diagnosis of Candida spp...
February 4, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152722/integrating-lean-six-sigma-in-the-daily-operations-of-an-icu-to-achieve-safe-quality-patient-care
#14
Jacqueline Magurn, Joanne McGovern, Michelle Jetter, Sarah Beadling, Dorothy Gregoire
: 230 Background: Developing and maintaining a culture of safety and quality in delivering patient care is critical in the intensive care unit (ICU) especially an oncology ICU. Incorporating the Lean Six Sigma program into daily operations of the ICU achieves, simplifies, and sustains continuous improvement in the delivery of safe quality patient care. This program engages the ICU team through visual management of quality, safety, and budget indicators including medication scanning, falls, sharps exposure, infection prevention including blood stream, catheter, hospital and ventilator acquired pneumonias, venous embolism prevention, and staffing compliance...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147371/crohn-s-disease-and-intestinal-transplantation
#15
Pavel Drastich, Martin Oliverius
BACKGROUND: Most patients with Crohn's disease (CD) require one or more operations during their lifetime. Repeated resections and surgical complications may result in short gut in a subset of patients, typically those with extensive small bowel disease or a penetrating CD phenotype. The effects of short bowel syndrome (SBS) can range in seriousness from mild to life-threatening advanced intestinal failure. Worldwide, CD is the second leading indication for intestinal transplantation (ITx) in SBS, but the overall incidence of ITx is quite low...
2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125827/do-clinicians-understand-quality-metric-data-an-evaluation-in-a-twitter-derived-sample
#16
Sushant Govindan, Vineet Chopra, Theodore J Iwashyna
OBJECTIVE: Despite significant efforts and cost, quality metrics do not consistently influence practice. While research has focused on improving data through statistical risk-adjustment, whether clinicians understand these data is unknown. Therefore, we assessed clinician comprehension of central line-associated blood stream infection (CLABSI) quality metric data. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey with an 11-item test of CLABSI data comprehension. Each question assessed 1 of 3 concepts concerning CLABSI understanding: basic numeracy, risk-adjustment numeracy, and risk-adjustment interpretation...
January 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124861/nosocomial-blood-stream-infections-in-patients-treated-with-venovenous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-at-the-croatian-referral-center-for-respiratory-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#17
Marko Kutleša, Marija Santini, Vladimir Krajinović, Neven Papić, Anđa Novokmet, Renata Josipović Mraović, Bruno Baršić
BACKROUND: The incidence of complication rates in patients treated with venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV ECMO) remains substantial and impacts the results of any future trial dealing with ECMO efficacy. Of these complications blood stream infections (BSI) are less well studied. Our objective was to report influence of BSI in ARDS patients treated with VV ECMO. METHODS: 100 adult patients with ARDS treated with VV ECMO at the tertiary care hospital in Zagreb, Croatia between the October of 2009 and the June of 2016 were prospectively included in the study...
January 25, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122871/multicenter-evaluation-of-the-portrait-staph-id-r-blood-culture-panel-for-the-rapid-identification-of-staphylococci-and-detection-of-meca-gene
#18
Gerald A Denys, Vanessa Collazo-Velez, Stephen Young, Judy A Daly, Marc Roger Couturier, Matthew L Faron, Blake W Buchan, Nathan Ledeboer
Blood stream infections are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States and are associated with increased healthcare cost. We evaluated the Portrait Staph ID/R Blood Culture Panel (BCP) multiplex PCR assay (Great Basin Scientific, Salt Lake City, UT) for the rapid and simultaneous identification (ID) of Staphylococcus aureus, S. lugdunensis and Staphylococcus species to the genus level and the detection of mecA gene directly from a positive blood culture bottle. A total of 765 BACTEC® bottles demonstrating Gram positive cocci in singles or clusters were tested during the prospective trial at 3 clinical sites...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111826/regulation-systems-of-protease-and-hemolysin-production-in-vibrio-vulnificus
#19
Abdelaziz Elgaml, Shin-Ichi Miyoshi
Vibrio vulnificus is a gram-negative halophilic estuarine bacterium. It is an opportunistic human pathogen causing rapidly progressive fatal septicemia and necrotizing wound infection. This species also causes hemorrhagic septicemia called vibriosis in cultured eels. A range of virulence factors have been proposed to play a role in pathogenesis of the bacterium during human and/or eel infection. Among these factors, the metalloprotease (V. vulnificus protease: VVP) and the cytolytic toxin (V. vulnificus hemolysin: VVH) are significantly important...
January 23, 2017: Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110521/from-cells-to-mice-to-target-characterization-of-neu-1053-sb-443342-and-its-analogs-for-treatment-of-human-african-trypanosomiasis
#20
William G Devine, Rosario Díaz González, Gloria Ceballos-Perez, Domingo Isaac Rojas-Barros, Takashi Satoh, Westley Tear, Ranae M Ranade, Ximena Barros-Álvarez, Wim G J Hol, Frederick S Buckner, Miguel Navarro, Michael P Pollastri
Human African Trypanosomiasis is a neglected tropical disease that is lethal if left untreated. Existing therapeutics have limited efficacy and severe associated toxicities. 2-(2-(((3-((1H-Benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)amino)propyl)amino)methyl)-4,6-dichloro-1H-indol-1-yl)ethan-1-ol (NEU-1053) has recently been identified from a high throughput screen of >42,000 compounds as a highly potent and fast acting trypanocidal agent capable of curing a blood stream infection of T. brucei in mice. We have designed a library of analogs to probe the SAR and improve the predicted CNS exposure of NEU-1053...
January 22, 2017: ACS Infectious Diseases
keyword
keyword
14019
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"