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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786916/herbal-medicine-as-a-promising-therapeutic-approach-for-the-management-of-vascular-dementia-a-systematic-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Adel Ghorani-Azam, Samaneh Sepahi, Elham Khodaverdi, Seyed Ahmad Mohajeri
Vascular dementia (VaD) generally refers to memory deficits and cognitive abnormalities that are resulted from vascular disease. In this study, we aimed to systematically review the literature wherein therapeutic effects of medicinal plants have been studied on VaD. A systematic literature search was performed in the PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Google Scholar, and other databases using VaD, and medicinal plants as key terms. No strict inclusion criteria were defined, and almost all clinical studies were included...
May 22, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786879/comorbidity-of-viral-hepatitis-and-chronic-spontaneous-urticaria-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Pavel Kolkhir, Natalia Pereverzina, Olga Olisova, Marcus Maurer
Chronic viral infections including those by hepatitis B (CHB) virus and hepatitis C (CHC) virus have been reported to be comorbidities of chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU). Here, we performed the first comprehensive review of the peer-reviewed literature (Pubmed, Web of Science and Google Scholar) on the prevalence of CHB and CHC in patients with CSU and vice versa. The prevalence of CHB and CHC in CSU does not appear to be increased. Less than 5% and less than 2% of CSU patients have markers of CHB and CHC, respectively, according to most of the 32 studies reviewed...
May 22, 2018: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786781/the-ejes-3d-tool-for-personalized-prescription-of-exercise-in-axial-spondyloarthritis-through-multimedia-animations-pilot-study
#3
Mariano Tomás Flórez, Raquel Almodóvar, Fernando García Pérez, Ana Belén Rodríguez Cambrón, Loreto Carmona, María Ángeles Pérez Manzanero, Juan Aboitiz Cantalapiedra, Ana Urruticoechea-Arana, Carlos J Rodríguez Lozano, Carmen Castro, Cristina Fernández-Carballido, Eugenio de Miguel, Eva Galíndez, José Luis Álvarez Vega, Juan Carlos Torre Alonso, Luis F Linares, Mireia Moreno, Victoria Navarro-Compán, Xavier Juanola, Pedro Zarco
To develop and evaluate a web application based on multimedia animations, combined with a training program, to improve the prescription of exercises in spondyloarthritis (SpA). After a review of exercises included in the main clinical trials and recommendations of international societies, a multidisciplinary team-rehabilitators, rheumatologists, physiotherapists, computer scientists and graphic designers-developed a web application for the prescription of exercises (EJES-3D). Once completed, this was presented to 12 pairs of rehabilitators-rheumatologists from the same hospital in a workshop...
May 21, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786581/development-of-informational-communicative-system-created-to-improve-medical-help-for-family-medicine-doctors
#4
Vladyslav A Smiianov, Natalia O Dryha, Olha I Smiianova, Victor K Obodyak, Tatyana O Zudina
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Today mobile health`s protection service has no concrete meaning. As an research object it was called mHealth and named by Global observatory of electronic health`s protection as "Doctor and social health practice that can be supported by any mobile units (mobile phones or smartphones), units for patient`s health control, personal computers and other units of non-wired communication". An active usage of SMS in programs for patients` cure regimen keeping was quiet predictable...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786050/diagnostic-performance-of-intestinal-fusobacterium-nucleatum-in-colorectal-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#5
Bo-Jian Peng, Chuang-Yu Cao, Wei Li, Yong-Jian Zhou, Yuan Zhang, Yu-Qiang Nie, Yan-Wen Cao, Yu-Yuan Li
Background: Increasing evidence has supported the link of intestinal Fusobacterium nucleatum infection to colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the value of F. nucleatum as a biomarker in CRC detection has not been fully defined. In order to reduce the random error and bias of individual research, this meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of intestinal F. nucleatum in CRC patients and provide evidence-based data to clinical practice. Methods: An article search was performed from PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases up to December 2017, using the following key words: "Fusobacterium nucleatum", "Fusobacterium spp...
June 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785991/all-india-ophthalmological-society-members-survey-results-cataract-surgery-antibiotic-prophylaxis-current-practice-pattern-2017
#6
Prafulla Kumar Maharana, Jay K Chhablani, Tara Prasad Das, Atul Kumar, Namrata Sharma
Purpose: The purpose of this article is to document the current practice pattern of Indian ophthalmologists for antibiotic prophylaxis in cataract surgery to prevent endophthalmitis. Methods: Fifteen structured questions were sent online to all ophthalmologists registered with the All India Ophthalmological Society. The questionnaire was divided into three main categories of prophylaxis - preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative. A web-based anonymous survey was conducted, and a unique response link allowed completing the survey only once...
June 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785788/effects-of-levosimendan-on-mortality-in-patients-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Peili Chen, Xiaoqiang Wu, Zhiwei Wang, Zhenya Li, Xiangyong Tian, Junpeng Wang, Tianzhong Yan
PURPOSE: We sought to determine the impact of levosimendan on mortality following cardiac surgery based on large-scale randomized controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: We searched PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane databases, and ClinicalTrials.gov for RCTs published up to December 2017, on levosimendan for patients undergoing cardiac surgery. RESULTS: A total of 25 RCTs enrolling 2960 patients met the inclusion criteria; data from 15 placebo-controlled randomized trials were included for meta-analysis...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785698/specific-parasites-indirectly-influence-niche-occupation-of-non-hosts-community-members
#8
João Custódio Fernandes Cardoso, Radek Michalko, Marcelo Oliveira Gonzaga
The coexistence of phylogenetically related species is an attractive topic because of the potentially intense interspecific competition. The most often investigated mechanisms mediating coexistence of these species are environmental filtering and niche partitioning. However, the role of other factors, such as species-specific parasites, is still poorly understood. Along the riparian understory of a tropical forest, we explored niche occupation and coexistence between Chrysso intervales and Helvibis longicauda, two related syntopic web-building spiders...
May 22, 2018: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785654/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-use-of-resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta-in-the-management-of-major-exsanguination
#9
REVIEW
B L S Borger van der Burg, Thijs T C F van Dongen, J J Morrison, P P A Hedeman Joosten, J J DuBose, T M Hörer, R Hoencamp
BACKGROUND: Circulatory collapse is a leading cause of mortality among traumatic major exsanguination and in ruptured aortic aneurysm patients. Approximately 40% of patients die before hemorrhage control is achieved. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is an adjunct designed to sustain the circulation until definitive surgical or endovascular repair. A systematic review was conducted for the current clinical use of REBOA in patients with hemodynamic instability and to discuss its potential role in improving prehospital and in-hospital outcome...
May 21, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785546/diagnosis-and-management-of-primary-hepatic-pregnancy-literature-review-of-31-cases
#10
REVIEW
Jicai Wang, Zhilei Su, Shounan Lu, Wen Fu, Zhifa Liu, Xingming Jiang, Sheng Tai
PURPOSE: To summarize the appropriate diagnostic methods and therapeutic options for primary hepatic pregnancy (PHP). METHODS: Literature searches were performed in Pubmed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and Embase databases (1956-2017), using the following search terms: primary hepatic pregnancy, hepatic pregnancy, liver pregnancy, hepatic ectopic pregnancy and intrahepatic pregnancy. Further literature was confirmed through cross-referencing. RESULTS: Thirty-one cases were reviewed and collected...
May 21, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785408/stroke-prevalence-in-children-with-sickle-cell-disease-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Lianna J Marks, Deogratias Munube, Philip Kasirye, Ezekiel Mupere, Zhezhen Jin, Philip LaRussa, Richard Idro, Nancy S Green
Objectives . The prevalence of stroke among children with sickle cell disease (SCD) in sub-Saharan Africa was systematically reviewed. Methods . Comprehensive searches of PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science were performed for articles published between 1980 and 2016 (English or French) reporting stroke prevalence. Using preselected inclusion criteria, titles and abstracts were screened and full-text articles were reviewed. Results . Ten full-text articles met selection criteria. Cross-sectional clinic-based data reported 2...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785278/reserve-building-activities-attenuate-treatment-burden-in-chronic-illness-the-mediating-role-of-appraisal-and-social-support
#12
Carolyn E Schwartz, Jie Zhang, Wesley Michael, David T Eton, Bruce D Rapkin
This study examines the importance of four psychosocial factors-personality, cognitive appraisal of quality of life, social support, and current reserve-building-in predicting treatment burden in chronically ill patients. Chronically ill patients ( n  = 446) completed web-based measures. Structural equation modeling was used to investigate psychosocial factors predicting treatment burden. Reserve-building activities indirectly reduced treatment burden by: (1) reducing health worries appraisals, (2) reducing financial difficulties, (3) increasing calm and peaceful appraisals, and (4) increasing perceived social support...
January 2018: Health Psychology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785193/gallnuts-a-potential-treasure-in-anticancer-drug-discovery
#13
REVIEW
Jiayu Gao, Xiao Yang, Weiping Yin, Ming Li
Introduction. In the discovery of more potent and selective anticancer drugs, the research continually expands and explores new bioactive metabolites coming from different natural sources. Gallnuts are a group of very special natural products formed through parasitic interaction between plants and insects. Though it has been traditionally used as a source of drugs for the treatment of cancerous diseases in traditional and folk medicinal systems through centuries, the anticancer properties of gallnuts are barely systematically reviewed...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785117/mesenchymal-stem-cell-transplantation-as-an-effective-treatment-strategy-for-ischemic-stroke-in-asia-a-meta-analysis-of-controlled-trials
#14
Ping Xue, Min Wang, Guanhua Yan
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) therapy in patients with ischemic stroke (IS). Materials and methods: Clinical trials involved in this research were searched from PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Embase, Wanfang and CNKI database. Therapeutic effects of MSC therapy were assessed according to National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), Barthel index (BI), Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) and Functional Independence Measure (FIM), and its safety was evaluated based on adverse events...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785080/prognostic-impact-of-the-red-cell-distribution-width-in-esophageal-cancer-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Wei-Yu Xu, Xiao-Bo Yang, Wen-Qin Wang, Yi Bai, Jun-Yu Long, Jian-Zhen Lin, Jian-Ping Xiong, Yong-Chang Zheng, Xiao-Dong He, Hai-Tao Zhao, Xin-Ting Sang
AIM: To clarify the previous discrepant conclusions, we performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the prognostic value of red cell distribution width (RDW) in esophageal cancer (EC). METHODS: We searched the PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and Cochrane Library databases to identify clinical studies, followed by using STATA version 12.0 for statistical analysis. Studies that met the following criteria were considered eligible: (1) Studies including EC patients who underwent radical esophagectomy; (2) studies including patients with localized disease without distant metastasis; (3) studies including patients without preoperative neoadjuvant therapy; (4) studies including patients without previous antiinflammatory therapies and with available preoperative laboratory outcomes; (5) studies reporting association between the preoperative RDW and overall survival (OS)/disease-free survival (DFS)/cancer-specific survival (CSS); and (6) studies published in English...
May 21, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785073/scale-free-networks-in-metabolomics
#16
Hema Sekhar Reddy Rajula, Matteo Mauri, Vassilios Fanos
Metabolomics is an expanding discipline in biology. It is the process of portraying the phenotype of a cell, tissue or species organism using a comprehensive set of metabolites. Therefore, it is of interest to understand complex systems such as metabolomics using a scale-free topology. Genetic networks and the World Wide Web (WWW) are described as networks with complex topology. Several large networks have vertex connectivity that goes beyond a scale-free power-law distribution. It is observed that (a) networks expand constantly by the addition of recent vertices, and (b) recent vertices attach preferentially to sites that are already well connected...
2018: Bioinformation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784902/physician-practice-patterns-and-barriers-to-counselling-on-physical-activity-in-solid-organ-transplant-recipients
#17
Amy Pang, Sarangan Lingham, Weina Zhao, Stephanie Leduc, Agnès Räkel, Ruth Sapir-Pichhadze, Sunita Mathur, Tania Janaudis-Ferreira
BACKGROUND Many solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients fail to meet the recommended physical activity (PA) levels. "Physician recommendation" has previously been reported by SOT recipients as a key facilitator to being more physically active. The purpose of this study was to determine the proportion of Canadian SOT physicians providing PA counselling and identify barriers to including such counselling as part of the SOT recipients' routine care. MATERIAL AND METHODS We conducted a cross-sectional web-based survey study to evaluate physicians' PA counselling practices, including the prevalence and barriers to such practice...
May 22, 2018: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784634/evaluation-of-app-based-serious-gaming-as-a-training-method-in-teaching-chest-tube-insertion-to-medical-students-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Patrick Haubruck, Felix Nickel, Julian Ober, Tilman Walker, Christian Bergdolt, Mirco Friedrich, Beat Peter Müller-Stich, Franziska Forchheim, Christian Fischer, Gerhard Schmidmaier, Michael C Tanner
BACKGROUND: The insertion of a chest tube should be as quick and accurate as possible to maximize the benefit and minimize possible complications for the patient. Therefore, comprehensive training and assessment before an emergency situation are essential for proficiency in chest tube insertion. Serious games have become more prevalent in surgical training because they enable students to study and train a procedure independently, and errors made have no effect on patients. However, up-to-date evidence regarding the effect of serious games on performance in procedures in emergency medicine remains scarce...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784572/the-burden-of-familial-chylomicronemia-syndrome-results-from-the-global-in-focus-study
#19
Michael Davidson, Michael Stevenson, Andrew Hsieh, Zahid Ahmad, Jeanine Roeters van Lennep, Caroline Crowson, Joseph L Witztum
BACKGROUND: Familial chylomicronemia syndrome (FCS) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by a deficiency of lipoprotein lipase leading to extreme hypertriglyceridemia. Patients' burden of illness and quality of life have been poorly addressed in the literature. OBJECTIVE: To understand the ways in which FCS impacts patients' lives. METHODS: Investigation of Findings and Observations Captured in Burden of Illness Survey (IN-FOCUS) was a global web-based survey open to patients with FCS...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784526/the-effect-of-glutamine-supplementation-on-athletic-performance-body-composition-and-immune-function-a-systematic-review-and-a-meta-analysis-of-clinical-trials
#20
Amirhossein Ramezani Ahmadi, Elham Rayyani, Mehdi Bahreini, Anahita Mansoori
BACKGROUND & AIM: This systematic review and meta-analysis of available evidence was conducted to obtain a conclusive result on the effects of glutamine supplementation on athletes. METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Data related to body mass, lean body mass, body fat percentage, Vo2 max, lymphocytes, leukocytes and neutrophil counts were extracted to determine the effects of GLN on performance outcomes. DATA SOURCES: The literature search was conducted across the databases Pubmed, Scopus, ISI Web of Science, SID (Scientific Information Database) and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, covering a period up to January 2017...
May 9, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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