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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666141/examining-the-effectiveness-of-consuming-flour-made-from-agronomically-biofortified-wheat-zincol-2016-nr-421-for-improving-zn-status-in-women-in-a-low-resource-setting-in-pakistan-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-double-blind-controlled-cross-over-trial-bizifed
#1
Nicola M Lowe, Muhammad Jaffar Khan, Martin R Broadley, Munir H Zia, Harry J McArdle, Edward J M Joy, Heather Ohly, Babar Shahzad, Ubaid Ullah, Gul Kabana, Rashid Medhi, Mukhtiar Zaman Afridi
INTRODUCTION: Dietary zinc (Zn) deficiency is a global problem, particularly in low-income and middle-income countries where access to rich, animal-source foods of Zn is limited due to poverty. In Pakistan, Zn deficiency affects over 40% of the adult female population, resulting in suboptimal immune status and increased likelihood of complications during pregnancy. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We are conducting a double-blind, randomised controlled feeding study with cross-over design in a low-resource setting in Pakistan...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664527/-perioperative-nutrition-in-eras-protocols
#2
Andrés Sánchez C, Karin Papapietro V
The trauma involved in any surgical procedure, even if elective, causes a metabolic stress response characterized by postoperative insulin resistance (PIR). PIR is considered a surgical stress marker and is associated with increased morbidity and postoperative length of stay. PIR worsens when the patient is operated in a state of prolonged preoperative fasting or when postoperative feeding is delayed. The ERAS Protocols (Enhanced Recovery After Surgery) includes anesthetic, surgical, kinesiology, nutritional and nursing interventions aimed to modulate PIR...
November 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643883/comparison-of-volume-and-frequency-advancement-feeding-protocols-in-very-low-birth-weight-neonates
#3
Afaq Hussain, Abdur Rehman, Nazia Fatima
Objective: To determine the outcomes in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates receiving volume advancement versus frequency advancement feeding protocols. Methods: This controlled clinical trial was conducted in Children Hospital Multan within duration of 6 months from February 2017 to August 2017. VLBW neonates having weight < 1500 g at the time of birth were included. The protocol for frequency advancement (FA) group was to give 1 ml/kg human or pre-formula milk after every 8 hours and in volume advancement (VA) group after every 3 hours initially...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627715/prevalence-and-duration-of-reasons-for-enteral-nutrition-feeding-interruption-in-a-tertiary-intensive-care-unit
#4
Zheng-Yii Lee, Noor Airini Ibrahim, Barakatun-Nisak Mohd-Yusof
OBJECTIVES: The use of enteral nutrition (EN) in the intensive care unit (ICU) is subjected to frequent feeding interruption (FI). The prevalence and duration of causes for EN FI was investigated. METHODS: Reasons for EN FI identified from extensive literature review were prospectively collected in adult mechanically ventilated critically ill patients. Results were reported by descriptive statistics. Baseline and nutritional characteristics between patients who died and those alive at day 60 were compared...
January 31, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619077/risk-factors-for-vitamin-a-and-d-deficiencies-among-children-under-five-in-the-state-of-palestine
#5
Aeysha Bushra Chaudhry, Shakoor Hajat, Najwa Rizkallah, Ala'a Abu-Rub
Background: Vitamin A and D are essential for the proper growth and development of a child. Due to the complex political circumstances in the state of Palestine, research on micronutrient deficiency is scarce. Methods: The Palestinian Ministry of Health (MOH) and UNICEF conducted a national cross-sectional survey in 2013 after the implementation of various micronutrient supplementation and fortification programs. Risk factors for levels of vitamin A ( n  = 1054) and vitamin D ( n  = 150) were assessed among children aged 6 to 59 months using chi-square tests and logistic regression with each of the outcome variables, vitamin A and D deficiencies...
2018: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618882/techniques-to-improve-reliability-and-predictability-of-the-dorsal-pedicled-tongue-flap-in-closure-of-palatal-defects-and-oronasal-fistulae
#6
Colonel Priya Jeyaraj
Introduction: Despite the improvement in surgical techniques in cleft palate surgery, oronasal fistulas continue to remain a challenge, usually the result of residual palatal and alveolar clefts and post-palatoplasty defects. The tongue flap is an extremely versatile, sturdy, reliable and efficient means of closure of anterior as well as posterior, unilateral and bilateral palatal defects, effectively functionally obliterating the oronasal communication, owing much of its success to its highly vascular structure, good mobility, texture match, central location and low donor site morbidity...
June 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618272/does-fortification-of-pasteurized-donor-human-milk-increase-the-incidence-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-among-preterm-neonates-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Bethou Adhisivam, Dilesh Kohat, Vasanthan Tanigasalam, Vishnu Bhat, Nishad Plakkal, C Palanivel
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of fortified pasteurized donor human milk (PDHM) versus unfortified PDHM on the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and immediate outcome among preterm neonates. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial (RCT) conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital, south India included 80 healthy preterm neonates randomized to two groups (Group A and B). Neonates in Group A and B were fed with fortified PDHM and unfortified PDHM respectively...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617042/use-of-a-gastroschisis-feeding-guideline-to-improve-standardization-of-care-and-patient-outcomes-at-an-urban-children-s-hospital
#8
R Colby Passaro, Kate B Savoie, Eunice Y Huang
BACKGROUND: This study examined clinical outcomes associated with the use of a gastroschisis-specific (GS) feeding advancement guideline. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of all simple gastroschisis babies (N = 65) treated between June 2009June 2015. We compared patients treated on a postintestinal surgery guideline using either a 1-day (1D) or 3-day (3D) feeding advancement from August 2009-August 2013 with infants treated on a GS guideline from September 2013-June 2015...
April 4, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614054/a-novel-protocol-to-assess-acclimation-rate-in-bos-taurus-heifers-during-yard-weaning
#9
Jessica E Monk, Brad C Hine, Ian G Colditz, Caroline Lee
The speed with which animals acclimate to a new environment could be an important measure of ability to cope with management induced stress. This study developed a measure of acclimation rate in a group of 50 Bos taurus heifers during yard weaning over nine days. We recorded the time and order in which heifers moved through a novel funnel structure into a feeding yard daily. We hypothesised that addition of an obstacle at the entrance would increase the time it took heifers to move through the funnel, but that they would acclimate to the obstacle over a three-day period...
April 3, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607496/enteral-nutritional-therapy-for-induction-of-remission-in-crohn-s-disease
#10
REVIEW
Neeraj Narula, Amit Dhillon, Dongni Zhang, Mary E Sherlock, Melody Tondeur, Mary Zachos
BACKGROUND: Corticosteroids are often preferred over enteral nutrition (EN) as induction therapy for Crohn's disease (CD). Prior meta-analyses suggest that corticosteroids are superior to EN for induction of remission in CD. Treatment failures in EN trials are often due to poor compliance, with dropouts frequently due to poor acceptance of a nasogastric tube and unpalatable formulations. This systematic review is an update of a previously published Cochrane review. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of exclusive EN as primary therapy to induce remission in CD and to examine the importance of formula composition on effectiveness...
April 1, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605991/deriving-in-vivo-bioconcentration-factors-of-a-mixture-of-fragrance-ingredients-using-a-single-dietary-exposure-and-internal-benchmarking
#11
Chang-Er L Chen, Karin Löfstrand, Margaretha Adolfsson-Erici, Michael S McLachlan, Matthew MacLeod
Chemicals in mixtures that are hydrophobic with logKow > 4 are potentially bioaccumulative. Here, we evaluate an abbreviated and benchmarked in vivo BCF measurement methodology by exposing rainbow trout to a mixture of eight test chemicals found in fragrance substances and three benchmark chemicals (musk xylene (MX), hexachlorobenzene (HCB) and PCB52) via a single contaminated feeding event followed by a 28-day depuration period. Concentrations of HCB and PCB52 in fish did not decline significantly (their apparent depuration rate constants - kT were close to zero), while kT for MX was 0...
March 31, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603412/improving-nutrition-outcomes-for-infants-1500-grams-with-a-progressive-evidenced-based-enteral-feeding-protocol
#12
Melissa K Thoene, Elizabeth Lyden, Ann Anderson-Berry
BACKGROUND: Growth is essential for very low birth weight infants. The purpose of this retrospective chart review was to evaluate the impact of a new standardized, evidenced-based feeding protocol for infants born < 1500 g in correlation with growth and clinical outcomes. METHODS: Growth and nutrition data was reviewed from 2 groups of infants born < 1500 g within a level III newborn intensive care unit (NICU). Epoch 1 infants (N = 32) received care following initial implementation of a standardized enteral feeding protocol...
March 30, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597121/short-term-protein-supplementation-during-a-long-interval-prostaglandin-based-protocol-for-timed-ai-in-sheep
#13
N Errandonea, S Fierro, C Viñoles, J Gil, G Banchero, J Olivera-Muzante
The aim of this study was to evaluate the reproductive impact of a short-term protein supplementation on a long interval prostaglandin-based protocol (two PG injections 15 d apart; PG15) for timed artificial insemination in sheep. During the breeding season, 437 multiparous Merino ewes grazing native pastures (forage allowance of 6 kg of dry matter/100 kg of live weight; crude protein: 10.8%, metabolic energy: 2.1 Mcal/kg of dry matter) were selected. Ewes were allocated, according to body condition score (3...
March 21, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593856/seed-dormancy-and-germination-vary-within-and-among-species-of-milkweeds
#14
Thomas N Kaye, Isaac J Sandlin, Matt A Bahm
Pollinators in general and monarch butterflies in particular are in decline due to habitat loss. Efforts to restore habitats for insects that rely on specific plant groups as larvae or adults depend on the ability of practitioners to grow and produce these plants. Monarch larvae feed exclusively on milkweed species, primarily in the genus Asclepias , making propagation and restoration of these plants crucial for habitat restoration. Seed germination protocols for milkweeds are not well established, in part due to the large number of milkweed species and conflicting reports of seed dormancy in the genus...
March 2018: AoB Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579758/glucose-gel-in-infants-at-risk-for-transitional-neonatal-hypoglycemia
#15
Kartikeya Makker, Rana Alissa, Christopher Dudek, Laura Travers, Carmen Smotherman, Mark L Hudak
OBJECTIVE:  To evaluate whether glucose gel as a supplement to feedings in infants admitted to the newborn nursery at risk for neonatal hypoglycemia (NH) reduces the frequency of transfer to a higher level of care for intravenous dextrose treatment. STUDY DESIGN:  We revised our newborn nursery protocol for management of infants at risk for NH to include use of 40% glucose gel (200 mg/kg). Study population included late preterm, small and large for gestational age infants, and infants of diabetic mothers...
March 26, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564371/tracking-endocytosis-and-intracellular-trafficking-of-epitope-tagged-syntaxin-3-by-antibody-feeding-in-live-polarized-mdck-cells
#16
Adrian J Giovannone, Elena Reales, Pallavi Bhattaram, Alberto Fraile-Ramos, Thomas Weimbs
The uptake and trafficking of cell surface receptors can be monitored by a technique called 'antibody-feeding' which uses an externally applied antibody to label the receptor on the surface of cultured, live cells. Here, we adapt the traditional antibody-feeding experiment to polarized epithelial cells (Madin-Darby Canine Kidney) grown on permeable Transwell supports. By adding two tandem extracellular Myc epitope tags to the C-terminus of the SNARE protein syntaxin 3 (Stx3), we provided a site where an antibody could bind, allowing us to perform antibody-feeding experiments on cells with distinct apical and basolateral membranes...
February 5, 2018: Bio-protocol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562834/toward-understanding-how-social-factors-shaped-a-behavioral-intervention-on-healthier-infant-formula-feeding
#17
Cornelia Guell, Fiona Whittle, Ken K Ong, Rajalakshmi Lakshman
As part of a process evaluation, we explored in semi-structured interviews the experiences of 19 mothers who had taken part in a trial to reduce infant formula-milk intake and promote healthy weight gain, and reflections of three facilitators who delivered the intervention and control group protocols. Mothers appreciated the nonjudgmental support provided during the trial, after experiencing stigma and receiving limited advice on how, how much, and how often formula-milk should be given. The information mothers had previously found, printed on formula-milk tins, or provided by family, friends, and health professionals was often perceived as contradictory; the trial guidance also conflicted with social norms relating infant health positively with weight gain...
March 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560741/influence-of-feed-provisioning-prior-to-digesta-sampling-on-precaecal-amino-acid-digestibility-in-broiler-chickens
#18
Wolfgang Siegert, Christian Ganzer, Holger Kluth, Markus Rodehutscord
A regression approach was applied to determine the influence of feed provisioning prior to digesta sampling on precaecal (pc) amino acid (AA) digestibility in broiler chickens. Soybean meal was used as an example test ingredient. Five feed-provisioning protocols were investigated, four with restricted provision and one with ad libitum provision. When provision was restricted, feed was provided for 30 min after a withdrawal period of 12 h. Digesta were sampled 1, 2, 4 and 6 h after feeding commenced. A diet containing 300 g maize starch/kg was prepared...
March 21, 2018: Archives of Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560024/water-splitting-based-sustainable-and-efficient-h-2-production-in-green-algae-as-achieved-by-substrate-limitation-of-the-calvin-benson-bassham-cycle
#19
Valéria Nagy, Anna Podmaniczki, André Vidal-Meireles, Roland Tengölics, László Kovács, Gábor Rákhely, Alberto Scoma, Szilvia Z Tóth
Background: Photobiological H2 production has the potential of becoming a carbon-free renewable energy source, because upon the combustion of H2 , only water is produced. The [Fe-Fe]-type hydrogenases of green algae are highly active, although extremely O2 -sensitive. Sulphur deprivation is a common way to induce H2 production, which, however, relies substantially on organic substrates and imposes a severe stress effect resulting in the degradation of the photosynthetic apparatus. Results: We report on the establishment of an alternative H2 production method by green algae that is based on a short anaerobic induction, keeping the Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycle inactive by substrate limitation and preserving hydrogenase activity by applying a simple catalyst to remove the evolved O2 ...
2018: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559253/a-comparison-of-hatchery-rearing-in-exercise-to-wild-animal-physiology-and-reflex-behavior-in-aplysia-californica
#20
Lynne A Fieber, Nicholas S Kron, Justin B Greer, Hailey Rooney, Rachel A Prostko, John D Stieglitz, Martin Grosell, Phillip R Gillette
Aplysia californica was hatchery-reared in two turbulence protocols intended to imitate the intermittent turbulence of the native habitat and to promote development of the foot muscle from the exercise of adhering to the substrate. Hatchery-reared animals in turbulence regimes were compared to siblings reared in quiet water, and to wild animals, using noninvasive assessments of the development of the foot muscle. The objective was to learn if the turbulence-reared phenotype mimicked laboratory-targeted aspects of the wild phenotype, that is, reflex behavior, swim tunnel performance, and resting oxygen consumption (MO2 )...
March 17, 2018: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
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