keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Feeding protocol

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452190/toxicity-assessment-of-mycotoxins-extracted-from-contaminated-commercial-dog-pelleted-feed-on-canine-blood-mononuclear-cells
#1
Sanil D Singh, Naeem Sheik-Abdul, Alisa Phulukdaree, Charlette Tiloke, Savani Nagiah, Sooraj Baijnath, Anil A Chuturgoon
Raw ingredients of pet food are often contaminated with mycotoxins. This is a serious health problem to pets and causes emotional and economical stress to the pet owners. The aim of this study was to determine the immunotoxicity of the most common mycotoxins (aflatoxin, fumonisin, ochratoxin A and zearalenone) by examining 20 samples of extruded dry dog food found on the South African market [10 samples from standard grocery store lines (SB), 10 from premium veterinarian lines (PB)]. Pelleted dog food was subjected to extraction protocols optimized for the above mentioned mycotoxins...
February 13, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451716/improving-growth-for-infants-%C3%A2-1250-grams-receiving-an-exclusive-human-milk-diet
#2
Robert K Huston, Andrea M Markell, Elizabeth A McCulley, Stuart K Gardiner, Sean L Sweeney
BACKGROUND: An exclusive human milk diet (EHM) fortified with human milk-based fortifier decreases necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) compared to maternal milk supplemented with preterm formula and bovine fortifier (PTF). Growth has been less with EHM and also maternal milk supplemented with donor human milk and bovine fortifier (HMBF). The objective was to evaluate the effect of a standardized feeding protocol on the growth of infants ≤1250 g birth weight supported with EHM and HMBF. The effect on the incidence of NEC was also evaluated...
February 16, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447759/ecomorphological-analysis-of-bovid-mandibles-from-laetoli-tanzania-using-3d-geometric-morphometrics-implications-for-hominin-paleoenvironmental-reconstruction
#3
Frances L Forrest, Thomas W Plummer, Ryan L Raaum
The current study describes a new method of mandibular ecological morphology (ecomorphology). Three-dimensional geometric morphometrics (3D GM) was used to quantify mandibular shape variation between extant bovids with different feeding preferences. Landmark data were subjected to generalized Procrustes analysis (GPA), principal components analysis (PCA), and discriminant function analysis (DFA). The PCA resulted in a continuum from grazers to browsers along PC1 and DFA classified 88% or more of the modern specimens to the correct feeding category...
January 2018: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444724/early-postoperative-remodelling-following-repair-of-tetralogy-of-fallot-utilising-unsedated-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-a-pilot-study
#4
Michael P DiLorenzo, Elizabeth Goldmuntz, Susan C Nicolson, Mark A Fogel, Laura Mercer-Rosa
Introduction The right ventricular adaptations early after surgery in infants with tetralogy of Fallot are important to understand the changes that occur later on in life; this physiology has not been fully delineated. We sought to assess early postoperative right ventricular remodelling in patients with tetralogy of Fallot by cardiac MRI. Materials and method Subjects with tetralogy of Fallot under 1 year of age were recruited following complete surgical repair for tetralogy of Fallot. Protocol-based cardiac MRI to assess anatomy, function, and flows was performed before hospital discharge using the feed and sleep technique, an unsedated imaging technique...
February 15, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444092/the-impact-of-early-life-nutrition-and-housing-on-growth-and-reproduction-in-dairy-cattle
#5
G Curtis, C McGregor Argo, D Jones, D Grove-White
Contentious issues in calf rearing include milk feeding practices and single versus group housing. The current study was performed on a high producing 170 Holstein cow dairy farm, to investigate the impact of nutrition and housing on growth and reproduction. Heifer calves (n = 100) were allocated in birth order to one of two commonly used management strategies. All calves received 3-4 litres of dam specific colostrum within 6 hours of birth. Group A calves were group housed from birth and fed milk replacer (MR) ad libitum via a computerised machine utilising a single teat, with weaning commencing at 63 days of age...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440164/standard-echocardiography-versus-handheld-echocardiography-for-the-detection-of-subclinical-rheumatic-heart-disease-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#6
Lisa H Telford, Leila H Abdullahi, Eleanor A Ochodo, Liesl J Zühlke, Mark E Engel
INTRODUCTION: Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is a preventable and treatable chronic condition which persists in many developing countries largely affecting impoverished populations. Handheld echocardiography presents an opportunity to address the need for more cost-effective methods of diagnosing RHD in developing countries, where the disease continues to carry high rates of morbidity and mortality. Preliminary studies have demonstrated moderate sensitivity as well as high specificity and diagnostic odds for detecting RHD in asymptomatic patients...
February 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437908/a-quality-improvement-initiative-to-reduce-nicu-transfers-for-neonates-at-risk-for-hypoglycemia
#7
Sherry LeBlanc, Jamie Haushalter, Carl Seashore, Karen S Wood, Michael J Steiner, Ashley G Sutton
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Neonatal hypoglycemia is a common problem, often requiring management in the NICU. Nonpharmacologic interventions, including early breastfeeding and skin-to-skin care (SSC), may prevent hypoglycemia and the need to escalate care. Our objective was to maintain mother-infant dyads in the mother-infant unit by decreasing hypoglycemia resulting in NICU transfer. METHODS: Inborn infants ≥35 weeks' gestation with at least 1 risk factor for hypoglycemia were included...
February 8, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437513/cleft-lip-and-palate-in-charge-syndrome-phenotypic-features-that-influence-management
#8
Kathryn V Isaac, Ingrid M Ganske, Stephen A Rottgers, So Young Lim, John B Mulliken
OBJECTIVE: Infants with syndromic cleft lip and/or cleft palate (CL/P) often require more complex care than their nonsyndromic counterparts. Our purpose was to (1) determine the prevalence of CL/P in patients with CHARGE syndrome and (2) highlight factors that affect management in this subset of children. DESIGN: This is a retrospective review from 1998 to 2016. PATIENTS: Patients with CHARGE syndrome were diagnosed clinically and genetically...
March 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423390/dual-effects-of-high-protein-diet-on-mouse-skin-and-colonic-inflammation
#9
Xuelei Cui, Eunjung Kim
Chronic inflammation is a major etiology of cancer. Accumulating epidemiological and experimental evidences suggest that intake of high protein diet (HPD) is associated with colitis-associated colon cancer, however, most of the studies were confined in colon. Systemic influence of HPD on inflammation indices in different tissues of an organism has never been studied. We therefore investigated the effect of HPD on mouse skin and colonic inflammation using the well characterized inflammation induction protocol in both tissues (12- O -tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate [TPA] for skin and dextran sodium sulfate [DSS] for colon)...
January 2018: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423367/management-of-severe-childhood-pneumonia-by-day-care-approach-in-developing-countries
#10
Yasmin Jahan, Sm Atiqur Rahman, Abu Sayeed Chowdhury, Md Moshiur Rahman
Background: Pneumonia is a major cause of child mortality among children under 5 years, worldwide. Pneumonia infection may be caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi in single or in both lungs. According to recent criteria developed by the World Health Organization(WHO) in September (2013), pneumonia can be classified into severe pneumonia, pneumonia and no pneumonia. Most of the deaths occur from severe pneumonia. Methods: Disease management of severe childhood pneumonia requires early identification,prompt referral and the availability of intensive quality care...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422156/expert-consensus-to-weight-an-adherence-score-for-audit-and-feedback-of-practices-that-prevent-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#11
Sheila M Gephart, Christina Wyles, Jennifer Canvasser
OBJECTIVE: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a catastrophic abdominal complication threatening the life of premature infants, but adoption of prevention and early recognition practices differs as do NEC rates in Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs). The purpose of this research was to validate and weight an evidence-based adherence score (aka NEC-Zero Adherence Score) to prevent and foster timely recognition of NEC. STUDY DESIGN: An electronic Delphi (e-Delphi) approach was used to identify consensus...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415252/effects-of-different-dietary-protocols-on-general-activity-and-frailty-of-male-wistar-rats-during-aging
#12
Smilja Todorovic, Kosara Smiljanic, Sabera Ruzdijic, Aleksandra Mladenovic Djordjevic, Selma Kanazir
Dietary restriction (DR) is an important experimental paradigm for lifespan and healthspan extension, but its specific contribution regarding the type, onset and duration are still debatable. This study was designed to examine the impact of different dietary protocols by assessing the behavioral changes during aging. We exposed male Wistar rats of various age to ad libitum (AL) or DR (60% of AL daily intake) feeding regimens with different onsets. The impact of DR on locomotor activity, memory and learning was examined in 12-, 18- and 24-month-old treated animals and controls using open field (OF) and Y maze tests...
February 3, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406076/an-epidemiological-investigation-of-the-early-phase-of-the-porcine-epidemic-diarrhea-ped-outbreak-in-canadian-swine-herds-in-2014-a-case-control-study
#13
Amanda M Perri, Zvonimir Poljak, Cate Dewey, John C S Harding, Terri L O'Sullivan
The first case of porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) in Canada was diagnosed in January 2014 in Ontario, approximately 9 months after PED emerged in the United States. An early investigation of the Canadian outbreak suspected that the probable source of the virus was contaminated feed. The objective of this study was to evaluate the role of feed and other possible factors in the early phase of the PED outbreak in Canadian swine herds. The study period of interest for this case-control study was January 22nd to March 1st, 2014...
February 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404994/self-directed-in-cell-production-of-methionine-analogue-azidohomoalanine-by-synthetic-metabolism-and-its-incorporation-into-model-proteins
#14
Ying Ma, Martino L Di Salvo, Nediljko Budisa
Common protocols for the incorporation of noncanonical amino acids (ncAAs) into proteins require addition of the desired ncAA to the growth medium, its cellular uptake, and subsequent intracellular accumulation. This feeding scheme is generally suitable for small-scale proof-of-concept incorporation experiments. However, it is no general solution for orthogonal translation of ncAAs, as their chemical synthesis is generally tedious and expensive. Here, we describe a simple protocol that efficiently couples in situ semi-synthetic biosynthesis of L-azidohomoalanine and its incorporation into proteins at L-methionine (Met) positions...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402650/a-quality-improvement-system-to-manage-feeding-assistance-care-in-assisted-living
#15
Sandra F Simmons, Chris S Coelho, Andrew Sandler, John F Schnelle
PURPOSE: To describe a feasible quality improvement system to manage feeding assistance care processes in an assisted living facility (ALF) that provides dementia care and the use of these data to maintain the quality of daily care provision and prevent unintentional weight loss. DESIGN AND METHODS: Supervisory ALF staff used a standardized observational protocol to assess feeding assistance care quality during and between meals for 12 consecutive months for 53 residents receiving dementia care...
February 2, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398586/prospective-study-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-protocol-in-children-undergoing-reconstructive-operations
#16
K O Rove, M A Brockel, A F Saltzman, M I Dönmez, K E Brodie, D J Chalmers, B T Caldwell, V M Vemulakonda, D T Wilcox
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol is a set of peri-operative strategies to increase speed of recovery. ERAS is well established in adults but has not been well studied in children. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current study was to establish the safety and efficacy of an ERAS protocol in pediatric urology patients undergoing reconstructive operations. It was hypothesized that ERAS would reduce length of stay and decrease complications when compared with historical controls...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396372/ghrelin-mediates-exercise-endurance-and-the-feeding-response-post-exercise
#17
Bharath K Mani, Carlos M Castorena, Sherri Osborne-Lawrence, Prasanna Vijayaraghavan, Nathan P Metzger, Joel K Elmquist, Jeffrey M Zigman
OBJECTIVE: Exercise training has several well-established health benefits, including many related to body weight, appetite control, and blood glucose homeostasis. However, the molecular mechanisms and, in particular, the hormonal systems that mediate and integrate these beneficial effects are poorly understood. In the current study, we aimed to investigate the role of the hormone ghrelin and its receptor, the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHSR; ghrelin receptor), in mediating the effects of exercise on food intake and blood glucose following exercise as well as in regulating exercise endurance capacity...
January 27, 2018: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394908/intermittent-fasting-energy-balance-and-associated-health-outcomes-in-adults-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Iain Templeman, Dylan Thompson, Javier Gonzalez, Jean-Philippe Walhin, Sue Reeves, Peter J Rogers, Jeffrey M Brunstrom, Leonidas G Karagounis, Kostas Tsintzas, James A Betts
BACKGROUND: Prior studies have shown that intermittent fasting is capable of producing improvements in body weight and fasted health markers. However, the extent to which intermittent fasting incurs compensatory changes in the components of energy balance and its impact on postprandial metabolism are yet to be ascertained. METHODS: A total of 30-36 lean participants and 30-36 overweight/obese participants will be recruited to provide two separate study groups who will undergo the same protocol...
February 2, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370795/preparing-for-a-trial-to-test-a-postpartum-weight-retention-intervention-among-low-income-women-feasibility-of-a-protocol-in-a-community-based-organization
#19
Charmaine Wright, Marjie Mogul, Glamarys Acevedo, Jaya Aysola, Florence Momplaisir, Sandy Schwartz, Judy Shea
BACKGROUND: Postpartum weight retention (PPWR) causes intergenerational harm, negatively affecting a mother's cardiovascular health and ability to have future healthy pregnancies. Low-income minority women are at highest risk for PPWR with little guidance concerning timeline or strategy to lose weight after delivery. An academic-community partnership conducted observational and focus group work to develop an intervention for PPWR among low-income mothers. This study's objective is to determine the feasibility of implementing a PPWR intervention trial in partnership with a community-based organization (CBO) serving low-income families with social service support...
January 25, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368029/an-investigation-into-the-nutritional-status-of-patients-receiving-an-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-protocol-versus-standard-care-following-oesophagectomy
#20
Katie Benton, Iain Thomson, Elisabeth Isenring, B Mark Smithers, Ekta Agarwal
PURPOSE: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocols have been effectively expanded to various surgical specialities including oesophagectomy. Despite nutrition being a key component, actual nutrition outcomes and specific guidelines are lacking. This cohort comparison study aims to compare nutritional status and adherence during implementation of a standardised post-operative nutritional support protocol, as part of ERAS, compared to those who received usual care. METHODS: Two groups of patients undergoing resection of oesophageal cancer were studied...
January 24, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
keyword
keyword
14009
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"