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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822398/variability-in-perioperative-fasting-practices-negatively-impacts-nutritional-support-of-critically-ill-intubated-patients
#1
Molly J Douglas, David Ciraulo
The aim of the study was to quantify nutritional losses related to pre- and postoperative fasts in critically ill intubated patients and to explore whether shorter fasts are safe and appropriate in this population. A retrospective review of mechanically ventilated adults undergoing surgery more than 24 hours after admission to a Level I trauma center over 15 months was done, which yielded 132 procedures and 81 unique patients. Ninety per cent of preoperative periods and 43 per cent of postoperative periods were affected by nonmedical barriers to feeding...
August 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822132/-13-co2-labeling-and-mass-spectral-analysis-of-photorespiration
#2
Leonardo Perez de Souza, Marek Szecówka, Alisdair R Fernie, Takayuki Tohge
Photorespiratory metabolism is compartmented over the chloroplast, peroxisome, cytosol, and mitochondria, and due to its complex structure it is often the case that metabolite levels alone are not able to fully describe photorespiration. Metabolic fluxes represent a more meaningful biological description of metabolism, adding to metabolite levels and often revealing different aspects of the system such as the presence of inactive metabolic pools of photorespiratory intermediates. We describe here a protocol for the (13)CO2 feeding of Arabidopsis and tracing of (13)C enriched metabolites for metabolic fluxes estimation, which allows high throughput analysis of labeling pattern on different metabolites involved in photorespiration and downstream processes...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805472/network-experiences-from-a-cross-sector-biosafety-level-3-laboratory-collaboration-a-swedish-forum-for-biopreparedness-diagnostics
#3
Johanna Thelaus, Anna Lindberg, Susanne Thisted Lambertz, Mona Byström, Mats Forsman, Hans Lindmark, Rickard Knutsson, Viveca Båverud, Andreas Bråve, Pontus Jureen, Annelie Lundin Zumpe, Öjar Melefors
The Swedish Forum for Biopreparedness Diagnostics (FBD) is a network that fosters collaboration among the 4 agencies with responsibility for the laboratory diagnostics of high-consequence pathogens, covering animal health and feed safety, food safety, public health and biodefense, and security. The aim of the network is to strengthen capabilities and capacities for diagnostics at the national biosafety level-3 (BSL-3) laboratories to improve Sweden's biopreparedness, in line with recommendations from the EU and WHO...
August 14, 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803957/a-standardization-of-the-novelty-suppressed-feeding-test-protocol-in-rats
#4
Arantxa Blasco-Serra, Eva M González-Soler, Ana Cervera-Ferri, Vicent Teruel-Martí, Alfonso A Valverde-Navarro
Tests based on hyponeophagia phenomena are the most widely used to check the efficacy and efficiency of new-generation chronic antidepressant treatments. Even so, these tests lack strict consensus about their methodology, which reduces their validity, reproducibility and makes translatability difficult. Therefore, after an extensive literature review on this subject, we propose a methodological protocol for the Novelty-Suppressed Feeding Test to normalize this situation. Animals were induced to a reserpine-induced depression model and were then chronically treated with duloxetine, desvenlafaxine or vehicle...
August 10, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802307/optimal-dietary-macronutrient-distribution-in-china-odmdc-a-randomised-controlled-feeding-trial-protocol
#5
Yi Wan, Fenglei Wang, Jihong Yuan, Duo Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Findings from observational studies in China show that increased dietary fat consumption might be a contributor to the developing obesity epidemic. However, some cohort studies suggest that carbohydrate intake, especially from white rice, is a risk factor for obesity, type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease in China. Our study aims to determine whether the traditional lower-fat, higher-carbohydrate Chinese or the Western higher-fat, lower-carbohydrate dietary pattern is more effective for weight control and the related cardiometabolic profiles increasingly found among contemporary Chinese...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795444/prediction-of-shorter-oligonucleotide-sequences-recognizing-aflatoxin-m1
#6
Amit Kumar Pandey, Yudhishthir Singh Rajput, Dheer Singh, Rajan Sharma
Aflatoxin M1 is present in milk of lactating animals fed on aflatoxin B1 contaminated feeds. Aptamers are new emerging ligand molecules and can be employed in assay protocols. Shorter aptamers have several advantages. Untruncated (72 nt long) and truncated (18 to 42 nts long) aptamers were evaluated for aflatoxin M1 recognition which was detected by colour-change in aptamer-conjugated-gold nanoparticles in presence of aflatoxin M1. Truncation of 10 aptamers was designed to retain motifs. Untruncated and truncated aptamers recognised aflatoxin M1...
August 10, 2017: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794882/interruption-of-enteral-nutrition-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-single-center-survey
#7
Midori Uozumi, Masamitsu Sanui, Tetsuya Komuro, Yusuke Iizuka, Tadashi Kamio, Hiroshi Koyama, Hideyuki Mouri, Tomoyuki Masuyama, Kazuyuki Ono, Alan Kawarai Lefor
BACKGROUND: Interruption of enteral nutrition (EN) in the intensive care unit (ICU) occurs frequently for various reasons including feeding intolerance and the conduct of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. However, few studies have investigated the details of EN interruption practices including reasons for and duration of interruptions. There is no standard protocol to minimize EN interruptions. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of 100 patients in the ICU staying more than 72 h and receiving EN in a 12-bed, medical/surgical ICU in a tertiary care center in 2013...
2017: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793989/early-enteral-tube-feeding-in-optimizing-treatment-of-hyperemesis-gravidarum-the-maternal-and-offspring-outcomes-after-treatment-of-hyperemesis-by-refeeding-mother-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Iris J Grooten, Marjette H Koot, Joris Am van der Post, Joke Mj Bais, Carrie Ris-Stalpers, Christiana Naaktgeboren, Henk A Bremer, David P van der Ham, Wieteke M Heidema, Anjoke Huisjes, Gunilla Kleiverda, Simone Kuppens, Judith Oeh van Laar, Josje Langenveld, Flip van der Made, Mariëlle G van Pampus, Dimitri Papatsonis, Marie-José Pelinck, Paula J Pernet, Leonie van Rheenen, Robbert J Rijnders, Hubertina Cj Scheepers, Tatjana E Vogelvang, Ben W Mol, Tessa J Roseboom, Rebecca C Painter
Background: Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) leads to dehydration, poor nutritional intake, and weight loss. HG has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes such as low birth weight. Information about the potential effectiveness of treatments for HG is limited.Objective: We hypothesized that in women with HG, early enteral tube feeding in addition to standard care improves birth weight.Design: We performed a multicenter, open-label randomized controlled trial [Maternal and Offspring outcomes after Treatment of HyperEmesis by Refeeding (MOTHER)] in 19 hospitals in the Netherlands...
August 9, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793390/interventions-for-maintaining-nasogastric-feeding-after-stroke-an-integrative-review-of-effectiveness-and-acceptability
#9
REVIEW
Catherine Mahoney, Linda Veitch
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness and acceptability of interventions for maintaining nasogastric tubes (NGT) in adult stroke patients. BACKGROUND: Internationally, incidence of Cerebral Vascular Disease (CVD) continues to increase and stroke is the largest cause of complex disability in adults. Dysphagia is common following a stroke which necessitates feeding via a NGT. NGT are not well tolerated by stroke patients and may be frequently dislodged...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783002/non-targeted-workflow-for-identification-of-antimicrobial-compounds-in-animal-feed-using-bioassay-directed-screening-in-combination-with-lc-hrms
#10
Robin S Wegh, Bjorn J A Berendsen, Wilma D M Driessen-van Lankveld, Mariël G Pikkemaat, Tina Zuidema, Leen A van Ginkel
A non-targeted workflow is reported for the isolation and identification of antimicrobial active compounds using bioassay-directed screening and liquid chromatography coupled to high resolution mass spectrometry. Suspect samples are extracted using a generic protocol and fractionated using two different liquid chromatography conditions (A and B). The behavior of the bioactive compound under these different conditions yields information about the physicochemical properties of the compound and introduces variations in co-eluting compounds in the fractions which is essential for peak picking and identification...
August 7, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777664/human-based-human-milk-fortifier-as-rescue-therapy-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-demonstrating-intolerance-to-bovine-based-human-milk-fortifier
#11
Amanjot Sandhu, Sharla Fast, Kari Bonnar, Ronald John Baier, Michael Narvey
OBJECTIVE: To describe the results of utilizing a human milk-based human milk fortifier (HMHMF) as rescue therapy to meet nutritional requirements in very low birth weight and preterm infants demonstrating feeding intolerance to bovine-based human milk fortifier (BHMF) in the Canadian Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: At two Level III NICUs in Winnipeg, MB, Canada, a rescue protocol was implemented to provide HMHMF for infants demonstrating intolerance to BHMF...
August 4, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775196/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-infant-and-young-child-feeding-practices-enat-p-in-ethiopia-protocol
#12
Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold, Md Atiqul Islam, Nigussie Tadesse Sharew, Shimels Hussien Mohammed, Mulugeta Molla Birhanu, Balewgizie Sileshi Tegegne
INTRODUCTION: Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) is the cornerstone of infant and child survival, healthy growth and development, healthy future generations and national development. In spite of the importance of optimal nutrition in low- and middle-income countries, there has been no review conducted in Ethiopia. Thus, the aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to estimate the national coverage and identify the associated factors of IYCF practices in Ethiopia. METHODS: PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, CINHAL, EBSCO, Web of Science and WHO Global Health Library databases will be searched for all available publications from 1 January 2000 to 30 September 2017...
August 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771622/effectiveness-of-enteral-feeding-protocol-on-clinical-outcomes-in-critically-ill-patients-a-before-and-after-study
#13
Qian Li, Zhongheng Zhang, Bo Xie, Xiaowei Ji, Jiahong Lu, Ronglin Jiang, Shu Lei, Shihao Mao, Lijun Ying, Di Lu, Xiaoshui Si, Mingxia Ji, Jianxing He, Mengyan Chen, Wenjuan Zheng, Jiao Wang, Jing Huang, Junfeng Wang, Yaling Ji, Guodong Chen, Jianhua Zhu, Yadi Shao, Ronghai Lin, Chao Zhang, Weiwen Zhang, Jian Luo, Tianzheng Lou, Xuwei He, Kun Chen, Wei Peng, Renhua Sun
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Enteral nutrition (EN) feeding protocol was proposed to have positive impact on critically ill patients. However, current studies showed conflicting results. The present study aimed to investigate whether enteral feeding protocol was able to improve clinical outcomes in critically ill patients. METHODS: A before (stage 1) and after (stage 2) interventional study was performed in 10 tertiary care hospitals. All patients expected to stay in the intensive care unit (ICU) for over three days were potentially eligible...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768263/saline-enemas-versus-glycerin-suppositories-to-promote-enteral-feeding-in-premature-infants-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Thowfique Ibrahim, Chiang Li Wei, Dianne Bautista, Bhavani Sriram, Li Xiangzhen Fay, Victor Samuel Rajadurai
BACKGROUND: Meconium retention is associated with feeding intolerance. Trials using glycerol and Gastrografin to expedite the evacuation of meconium have failed to generate clinically valid results for efficacy and safety. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the feasibility of aggressive meconium evacuation with saline rectal washout (RW) in very-low-birth-weight infants to reduce the time it took them to reach full enteral feeds. METHODS: We conducted an open-label, pilot, randomized controlled trial (RCT) (birth weight stratified, i...
August 3, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767803/perioperative-care-in-bariatric-surgery-in-the-context-of-the-acerto-project-reality-versus-surgeons-assumptions-in-a-cuiab%C3%A3-hospital
#15
Jacqueline Jéssica De-Marchi, Mardem Machado De-Souza, Alberto Bicudo Salomão, José Eduardo de Aguilar Nascimento, Anyelle Almada Selleti, Erik de-Albuquerque, Katia Bezerra Veloso Mendes
Objective: to assess the level of knowledge among bariatric surgeons, about the recommendations of the ACERTO Project, correlating their assumptions on their perioperative prescriptions and the reality, according to the patients charts. Method: we conducted a prospective, longitudinal, observational study comparing the assumptions of bariatric surgeons obtained through responses on a specific questionnaire with the reality found in clinical data from the hospital records...
May 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765866/-evaluation-of-nutritional-characteristics-of-commercial-canned-cat-diets
#16
Cornelia Rückert, Conny Braun, Ingrid Vervuert
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate commercial complete canned cat foods according to their composition, labeling and nutritional characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 21 commercial complete canned compound feeds for adult cats were analyzed for crude nutrients, minerals, vitamins, selected amino acids and taurine. The analyzed parameters were compared to the internal set of standards of the European Pet Food Industry Federation (FEDIAF). The energy content was calculated and compared with the labeled recommendations regarding the amounts of diet that should be fed...
August 2, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761868/standardizing-the-protocols-for-enhanced-recovery-from-colorectal-cancer-surgery-are-we-a-step-closer-to-ideal-recovery
#17
Mosab Shetiwy, Tamer Fady, Fayez Shahatto, Ahmed Setit
PURPOSE: Enhanced recovery protocols are being implemented into the standard of care in surgical practice. This study aimed to insert a steadfast set of elements into the perioperative care pathway to establish an improved recovery program for colorectal cancer patients. METHODS: Seventy patients planned for elective laparoscopic colorectal resection were randomized into 2 groups: conventional recovery group (n = 35) and enhanced recovery group (n = 35). The primary outcome was the length of hospital stay...
June 2017: Annals of Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760555/rhythmicity-and-plasticity-of-digestive-physiology-in-a-euryhaline-teleost-fish-permit-trachinotus-falcatus
#18
Carlo C Lazado, Per Bovbjerg Pedersen, Huy Quang Nguyen, Ivar Lund
Digestive physiology is considered to be under circadian control, but there is little evidence in teleost fish. The present study explored the rhythmicity and plasticity to feeding schedules of enzymatic digestion in a candidate aquaculture fish, the permit (Trachinotus falcatus). The first experiment identified the rhythms of digestive factors throughout the light-dark (LD) cycle. Gastric luminal pH and pepsin activity showed significant daily variation albeit not rhythmic. These dynamic changes were likewise observed in several digestive enzymes, in which the activities of intestinal protease, chymotrypsin and lipase exhibited significant daily rhythms...
July 29, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754262/a-comparison-of-three-peyer-s-patch-m-like-cell-culture-models-particle-uptake-bacterial-interaction-and-epithelial-histology
#19
Tauseef Ahmad, Martina Gogarty, Edwin Walsh, David J Brayden
Intestinal Peyer's patch (PP) microfold (M) cells transport microbes and particulates across the follicle-associated epithelium (FAE) as part of the mucosal immune surveillance system. In vitro human M-like cell co-culture models are used as screens to investigate uptake of antigens-in-nanoparticles, but the models are labour-intensive and there is inter-laboratory variability. We compared the three most established filter-grown Caco-2/Raji B cell co-culture systems. These were Model A (Kerneis et al, 1997), Model B (Gullberg et al...
July 25, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753179/intervention-for-feeding-difficulties-in-children-with-a-complex-medical-history-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Jeanne Marshall, Rebecca J Hill, Meagan Wallace, Pamela Dodrill
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare outcomes of different multidisciplinary feeding therapy approaches in children with feeding difficulties. METHODS: Children 2-6 years with feeding difficulties and a medically complex history (MC) were recruited. Children with feeding difficulties and a non-medically complex history (NMC) were included as a comparison group. Participants attended a clinical assessment, and eligible participants were randomized to receive targeted feeding intervention incorporating either operant conditioning or systematic desensitization...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
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