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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203644/optimization-of-the-functional-characteristics-pasting-and-rheological-properties-of-pearl-millet-based-composite-flour
#1
Olugbenga Olufemi Awolu
Optimisation of composite flour comprising pearl millet, kidney beans and tigernut with xanthan gum was evaluated for rheological evaluations. The functional properties of the composite flour were optimized using optimal design of response surface methodology. The optimum blends, defined as blends with overall best functional characteristics were run 3 (75.956% pearl millet, 17.692% kidney beans, 6.352% tigernut flours), run 7 (85.000% pearl millet, 10.000% kidney beans, 5.000% tigernut flours) and run 13 (75...
February 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154988/computer-aided-reporting-of-chest-radiographs-efficient-and-effective-screening-in-the-value-based-imaging-era
#2
Michael Morris, Babak Saboury, Niketh Bandla, Christopher Toland, Christopher Meenan, Eliot Siegel, Jean Jeudy
In the post-PACS era, mammography is unique in adopting specialized ergonomic interfaces to improve efficiency in a high volume setting. Chest radiography is also a high volume area of radiology. The authors hypothesize that applying a novel interface for chest radiography interpretation and reporting could create high productivity while maintaining quality. A custom version of the ClearCanvas open source software, EzRad, was created with a workflow re-designed specifically for tuberculosis screening chest radiographs, which utilized standardized computer generated reports...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121654/the-academic-rvu-ten-years-developing-a-metric-for-and-financially-incenting-academic-productivity-at-oregon-health-science-university
#3
O John Ma, Jerris R Hedges, Craig D Newgard
PURPOSE: Established metrics reward academic faculty for clinical productivity. Few data have analyzed a bonus model to measure and reward academic productivity. This study's objective was to describe development and use of a departmental academic bonus system for incenting faculty scholarly and educational productivity. METHOD: This cross-sectional study analyzed a departmental bonus system among emergency medicine academic faculty at Oregon Health & Science University, including growth from 2005 to 2015...
January 24, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118038/quality-metrics-currently-used-in-academic-radiology-departments-results-of-the-qualmet-survey
#4
Eric A Walker, Jonelle M Petscavage-Thomas, Joseph S Fotos, Michael A Bruno
OBJECTIVES: We present the results of the 2015 QUALMET survey, which was designed to assess the commonalities and variability of selected quality and productivity metrics currently employed by a large sample of academic radiology departments representing all regions in the United States. METHODS: The survey of key radiology metrics was distributed in March-April of 2015 via personal e-mail to 112 academic radiology departments. RESULTS: There was a 34...
January 24, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109347/how-is-physician-work-valued
#5
Jeffrey P Jacobs, Stephen J Lahey, Francis C Nichols, James M Levett, George Gilbert Johnston, Richard K Freeman, James D St Louis, Julie Painter, Courtney Yohe, Cameron D Wright, Kirk R Kanter, John E Mayer, Keith S Naunheim, Jeffrey B Rich, Joseph E Bavaria
Strategies to value physician work continue to evolve. The Society of Thoracic Surgeons and The Society of Thoracic Surgeons National Database have an increasingly important role in this evolution. An understanding of the Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) system (American Medical Association [AMA], Chicago, IL) and the Relative Value Scale Update Committee (RUC) is necessary to comprehend how physician work is valued. In 1965, with the dawn of increasingly complex medical care, immense innovation, and the rollout of Medicare, the need for a common language describing medical services and procedures was recognized as being of critical importance...
February 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070707/value-based-assessment-of-radiology-reporting-using-radiologist-referring-physician-two-way-feedback-system-a-design-thinking-based-approach
#6
Faiq Shaikh, Kenneth Hendrata, Brian Kolowitz, Omer Awan, Rasu Shrestha, Christopher Deible
In the era of value-based healthcare, many aspects of medical care are being measured and assessed to improve quality and reduce costs. Radiology adds enormously to health care costs and is under pressure to adopt a more efficient system that incorporates essential metrics to assess its value and impact on outcomes. Most current systems tie radiologists' incentives and evaluations to RVU-based productivity metrics and peer-review-based quality metrics. In a new potential model, a radiologist's performance will have to increasingly depend on a number of parameters that define "value," beginning with peer review metrics that include referrer satisfaction and feedback from radiologists to the referring physician that evaluates the potency and validity of clinical information provided for a given study...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051222/contribution-of-ultrasound-scans-in-the-first-episode-of-urinary-tract-infection-in-children
#7
Manel Jellouli, Asma Ben Mansour, Kamel Abidi, Meriem Ferjani, Ouns Naija, Yousra Hammi, Chokri Zarrouk, Tahar Gargah
Background - Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is a common pediatric urologic disorder. After the first urinary tract infection (UTI), imaging studies are recommended, starting with a renal ultrasound (US) and voiding cystourethrography (VCUG). We propose to determine whether abnormalities found on US can help indicate the necessity of VCUG in children after the first urinary tract infection. Methods - A retrospective study included all children admitted with their first episode of urinary tract infection from January 2007 to December 2012...
June 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024653/comparison-of-2015-medicare-relative-value-units-for-gender-specific-procedures-gynecologic-and-gynecologic-oncologic-versus-urologic-cpt-coding-has-time-healed-gender-worth
#8
M F Benoit, J F Ma, B A Upperman
BACKGROUND: In 1992, Congress implemented a relative value unit (RVU) payment system to set reimbursement for all procedures covered by Medicare. In 1997, data supported that a significant gender bias existed in reimbursement for gynecologic compared to urologic procedures. The present study was performed to compare work and total RVU's for gender specific procedures effective January 2015 and to evaluate if time has healed the gender-based RVU worth. METHODS: Using the 2015 CPT codes, we compared work and total RVU's for 50 pairs of gender specific procedures...
December 23, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876522/relative-value-unit-based-compensation-incentivization-in-an-academic-vascular-practice-improves-productivity-with-no-early-adverse-impact-on-quality
#9
Nadia Awad, Francis J Caputo, Jeffrey P Carpenter, James B Alexander, José L Trani, Joseph V Lombardi
OBJECTIVE: Given the increased pressure from governmental programs to restructure reimbursements to reflect quality metrics achieved by physicians, review of current reimbursement schemes is necessary to ensure sustainability of the physician's performance while maintaining and ultimately improving patient outcomes. This study reviewed the impact of reimbursement incentives on evidence-based care outcomes within a vascular surgical program at an academic tertiary care center. METHODS: Data for patients with a confirmed 30-day follow-up for the vascular surgery subset of our institution's National Surgical Quality Improvement Program submission for the years 2013 and 2014 were reviewed...
February 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799568/patient-throughput-in-a-sports-medicine-clinic-with-the-implementation-of-an-athletic-trainer-a-retrospective-analysis
#10
Timothy S Nicolello, Forrest Q Pecha, Reed L Omdal, Kurt J Nilsson, Alejandro A Homaechevarria
BACKGROUND: Orthopaedic clinics have acquired a multitude of health professionals to improve clinic efficiency. More recently, athletic trainers (ATs) have been utilized to improve clinical efficiency and patient care because of their extensive background in musculoskeletal injuries and anatomy. Improved clinical efficiency allows for increased patient visits, potentially enhancing patient access and downstream revenue via relative value units (RVUs). HYPOTHESIS: The addition of an AT into a sports medicine physician's clinic will increase total patient throughput and overall RVU production...
October 31, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714473/radiologists-variation-of-time-to-read-across-different-procedure-types
#11
Daniel Forsberg, Beverly Rosipko, Jeffrey L Sunshine
The workload of US radiologists has increased over the past two decades as measured through total annual relative value units (RVUs). This increase in RVUs generated suggests that radiologists' productivity has increased. However, true productivity (output unit per input unit; RVU per time) is at large unknown since actual time required to interpret and report a case is rarely recorded. In this study, we analyzed how the time to read a case varies between radiologists over a set of different procedure types by retrospectively extracting reading times from PACS usage logs...
February 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555790/work-intensity-in-sacroiliac-joint-fusion-and-lumbar-microdiscectomy
#12
Clay Frank, Dimitriy Kondrashov, S Craig Meyer, Gary Dix, Morgan Lorio, Don Kovalsky, Daniel Cher
BACKGROUND: The evidence base supporting minimally invasive sacroiliac (SI) joint fusion (SIJF) surgery is increasing. The work relative value units (RVUs) associated with minimally invasive SIJF are seemingly low. To date, only one published study describes the relative work intensity associated with minimally invasive SIJF. No study has compared work intensity vs other commonly performed spine surgery procedures. METHODS: Charts of 192 patients at five sites who underwent either minimally invasive SIJF (American Medical Association [AMA] CPT® code 27279) or lumbar microdiscectomy (AMA CPT® code 63030) were reviewed...
2016: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405593/pediatric-echocardiography-by-work-relative-value-units-is-study-complexity-adequately-captured
#13
Sowmya Balasubramanian, Alaina K Kipps, Shea N Smith, Theresa A Tacy, Elif Seda Selamet Tierney
BACKGROUND: Present resource-based relative value unit (RVU) assignment for echocardiography is based on Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes, which do not incorporate complexity of diagnosis, time spent for image acquisition, or interpretation of echocardiograms. The objective of this study was to determine whether CPT-based RVU assignment accurately reflects physician effort in performing and interpreting pediatric echocardiographic examinations. METHODS: Cardiac complexity category (CCC) and physician time for study interpretation of 123 echocardiograms (June to September 2013) were prospectively assigned...
July 9, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27397691/development-of-a-local-relative-value-unit-to-measure-radiologists-computed-tomography-reporting-workload
#14
Jose Miguel Dora, Felipe Soares Torres, Marcos Gerchman, Flavio S Fogliatto
INTRODUCTION: Demand for CT examinations is continually increasing, with radiologists' reporting times (RRTs) being the major constraint in CT productivity. As CT complexity varies according to the anatomical region, there is a need for methods that normalize radiologist work to address reporting workload. METHODS: All CT orders, from July 2013 to February 2015, from a 850-bed tertiary-care, university-based general hospital in southern Brazil, were studied. Type of examination and RRTs were retrieved from our Radiology Information System/IMPAX...
December 2016: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27386111/quality-attributes-of-sweet-potato-flour-as-influenced-by-variety-pretreatment-and-drying-method
#15
Ganiyat O Olatunde, Folake O Henshaw, Michael A Idowu, Keith Tomlins
The effect of pretreatment methods (soaking in water, potassium metabisulphite solution, and blanching) and drying methods (sun and oven) on some quality attributes of flour from ten varieties of sweet potato roots were investigated. The quality attributes determined were chemical composition and functional properties. Data obtained were subjected to descriptive statistics, multivariate analysis of variance, and Pearson's correlation. The range of values for properties of sweet potato flour were: moisture (8...
July 2016: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27386107/rheological-baking-and-sensory-properties-of-composite-bread-dough-with-breadfruit-artocarpus-communis-forst-and-wheat-flours
#16
Adegoke H Bakare, Oluwatooyin F Osundahunsi, Joseph O Olusanya
The rheological (Pasting, farinograph, and alveograph) properties of wheat flour (WF) replaced with breadfruit four (05-40%) was analyzed. Baking and sensory qualities of the resulting bread were evaluated. Differences in baking properties of loaves produced under laboratory and industrial conditions were analyzed with t-test, whereas ANOVA was used for other analyses. Peak and final viscosities in the composite blends (CB) ranged from 109.20 to 114.06 RVU and 111.86 to 134.40 RVU, respectively. Dough stability decreased from 9...
July 2016: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27272423/family-physician-clinical-compensation-in-an-academic-environment-moving-away-from-the-relative-value-unit
#17
Jennifer Lochner, Elizabeth Trowbridge, Sandra Kamnetz, Nancy Pandhi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Primary care physician compensation structures have remained largely volume-based, lagging behind changes in reimbursement that increasingly include population approaches such as capitation, bundled payments, and care management fees. We describe a population health-based physician compensation plan developed for two departmental family medicine faculty groups (residency teaching clinic faculty and community clinic faculty) along with outcomes before and after the plan's implementation...
June 2016: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27251347/design-and-outcomes-of-a-comprehensive-care-experience-level-system-to-evaluate-and-monitor-dental-students-clinical-progress
#18
Sorin T Teich, Renato Roperto, Aurelio A Alonso, Lisa A Lang
A Comprehensive Care Experience Level (CCEL) system that is aligned with Commission on Dental Accreditation (CODA) standards, promotes comprehensive care and prevention, and addresses flaws observed in previous Relative Value Units (RVU)-based programs has been implemented at the School of Dental Medicine, Case Western Reserve University since 2011. The purpose of this article is to report on the design, implementation, and preliminary outcomes of this novel clinical evaluation system. With the development of the CCEL concept, it was decided not to award points for procedures performed on competency exams...
June 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27184243/implementation-of-a-front-end-split-flow-model-to-promote-performance-in-an-urban-academic-emergency-department
#19
Jennifer L Wiler, Mustafa Ozkaynak, Kelly Bookman, April Koehler, Robert Leeret, Jenny Chua-Tuan, Adit A Ginde, Richard Zane
BACKGROUND: In an urban academic emergency department (ED), a front-end split-flow model, which entailed deployment of an attending-physician intake model, implementation of a 16-bed clinic decision unit, expanded point-of-care (POC) testing, and dedicated ED transportation services, was created. METHODS: A retrospective, observational, pre-post intervention comparison study was conducted at a large academic urban hospital with 74,000 ED annual visits that serves as a Level 2 Trauma Center...
June 2016: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26872025/the-early-years-of-practice-an-assessment-of-operative-efficiency-and-cost-of-free-flap-and-implant-breast-reconstruction-at-an-academic-institution
#20
Ian C Sando, Adeyiza O Momoh, Kevin C Chung, Jeffrey H Kozlow
Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short-term costs, and financial implications of improvements in operative efficiency of free flap and implant-based breast reconstruction within an academic practice. Methods The billing records of 162 patients who underwent postmastectomy implant-based or free flap breast reconstruction by two newly hired microsurgeons at an academic institution during the 2011, 2012, and 2013 fiscal years were reviewed. Actual data on professional revenue, relative value units (RVUs), and facility costs for the first stage of reconstruction as well as costs of postoperative complications were assessed...
July 2016: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
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