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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644923/examining-transfer-effects-of-dual-task-training-protocols-for-a-complex-locomotor-task
#1
Timothy A Worden, Lori Ann Vallis
Training protocols designed to improve dual-task performance of an obstacle crossing and auditory Stroop task (OBS+Stroop) were tested. In Experiment  1 , following baseline collection of OBS+Stroop trials, proximally related walking training was performed, and participants were then retested on the OBS+Stroop test. After training, participants adopted a more cautious obstacle crossing strategy, indicating a potentially safer navigation strategy. Transfer effects from distally related training were then examined (Experiment  2 ); a computer game training paradigm was examined using the same testing protocol as Experiment  1 ...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642976/prognostic-role-of-a-new-risk-index-for-the-prediction-of-30-day-cardiovascular-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-pulmonary-embolism-the-age-mean-arterial-pressure-index-amapi
#2
Marco Zuin, Gianluca Rigatelli, Claudio Picariello, Mauro Carraro, Pietro Zonzin, Loris Roncon
Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is the third cause of cardiovascular (CV) mortality. We evaluated a new risk index, named Age-Mean Arterial Pressure Index (AMAPI), to predict 30-day CV mortality in patients with acute PE. Data of 209 patients (44.0% male and 56.0% female, mean age 70.58 ± 14.14 years) with confirmed acute PE were retrospectively analysed. AMAPI was calculated as the ratio between age and mean arterial pressure (MAP), which was defined as [systolic blood pressure + (2 × diastolic blood pressure)]/3...
June 22, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642810/association-of-the-composite-inflammatory-biomarker-glyca-with-exercise-induced-changes-in-body-habitus-in-men-and-women-with-prediabetes
#3
David B Bartlett, Cris A Slentz, Margery A Connelly, Lucy W Piner, Leslie H Willis, Lori A Bateman, Esther O Granville, Connie W Bales, Kim M Huffman, William E Kraus
GlycA is a new composite measure of systemic inflammation and a predictor of many inflammatory diseases. GlycA is the nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy-derived signal arising from glucosamine residues on acute-phase proteins. This study aimed to evaluate how exercise-based lifestyle interventions modulate GlycA in persons at risk for type 2 diabetes. GlycA, fitness, and body habitus were measured in 169 sedentary adults (45-75 years) with prediabetes randomly assigned to one of four six-month exercise-based lifestyle interventions...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641123/the-practice-environment-scale-of-the-nursing-work-index-an-updated-review-and-recommendations-for-use
#4
REVIEW
Pauline A Swiger, Patricia A Patrician, Rebecca S Susie Miltner, Dheeraj Raju, Sara Breckenridge-Sproat, Lori A Loan
OBJECTIVES: The Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index (PES-NWI) is an instrument, which measures the nursing practice environment - defined as factors that enhance or attenuate a nurse's ability to practice nursing skillfully and deliver high quality care. The purpose of this paper is to provide an updated review of the Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index's use to date and provide recommendations that may be helpful to nursing leaders and researchers who plan to use this instrument...
June 12, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641121/is-inhibitory-control-involved-in-discriminating-pseudowords-that-contain-the-reversible-letters-b-and-d
#5
Lorie-Marlène Brault Foisy, Emmanuel Ahr, Steve Masson, Olivier Houdé, Grégoire Borst
Children tend to confuse reversible letters such as b and d when they start learning to read. According to some authors, mirror errors are a consequence of the mirror generalization (MG) process that allows one to recognize objects independently of their left-right orientation. Although MG is advantageous for the visual recognition of objects, it is detrimental for the visual recognition of reversible letters. Previous studies comparing novice and expert readers demonstrated that MG must be inhibited to discriminate reversible single letters...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639291/perfusion-of-isolated-rat-kidney-with-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-extracellular-vesicles-prevents-ischaemic-injury
#6
Marilena Gregorini, Valeria Corradetti, Eleonora Francesca Pattonieri, Chiara Rocca, Samantha Milanesi, Andrea Peloso, Silvana Canevari, Loris De Cecco, Matteo Dugo, Maria Antonietta Avanzini, Melissa Mantelli, Marcello Maestri, Pasquale Esposito, Stefania Bruno, Carmelo Libetta, Antonio Dal Canton, Teresa Rampino
Kidney donation after circulatory death (DCD) is a less than ideal option to meet organ shortages. Hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) with Belzer solution (BS) improves the viability of DCD kidneys, although the graft clinical course remains critical. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) promote tissue repair by releasing extracellular vesicles (EV). We evaluated whether delivering MSC-/MSC-derived EV during HMP protects rat DCD kidneys from ischaemic injury and investigated the underlying pathogenic mechanisms...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637479/pediatric-emental-healthcare-technologies-a-systematic-review-of-implementation-foci-in-research-studies-and-government-and-organizational-documents
#7
REVIEW
Nicole D Gehring, Patrick McGrath, Lori Wozney, Amir Soleimani, Kathryn Bennett, Lisa Hartling, Anna Huguet, Michele P Dyson, Amanda S Newton
BACKGROUND: Researchers, healthcare planners, and policymakers convey a sense of urgency in using eMental healthcare technologies to improve pediatric mental healthcare availability and access. Yet, different stakeholders may focus on different aspects of implementation. We conducted a systematic review to identify implementation foci in research studies and government/organizational documents for eMental healthcare technologies for pediatric mental healthcare. METHODS: A search of eleven electronic databases and grey literature was conducted...
June 21, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636245/weight-gain-in-the-first-week-of-life-predicts-overweight-at-2%C3%A2-years-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Lori Feldman-Winter, Laura Burnham, Xena Grossman, Stephanie Matlak, Ning Chen, Anne Merewood
In formula-fed infants, rapid weight gain during the first week of life is associated with later obesity. To examine the association between weight gain during the first week and overweight at age 2 among infants with various feeding practices and the relationship between exclusive breastfeeding in early infancy and overweight, we enrolled a prospective cohort of healthy mother-infant dyads and followed them for 2 years. We enrolled 450 mother/infant pairs and obtained information on 306 infants at year 2...
June 21, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634549/a-qualitative-study-of-quality-of-life-concerns-following-a-melanoma-diagnosis
#9
Rachel I Vogel, Lori G Strayer, Rehana L Ahmed, Anne Blaes, DeAnn Lazovich
The goal of this study was to identify a relevant and inclusive list of quality of life issues among long-term survivors of melanoma. Individuals diagnosed with stage I-III cutaneous melanoma and had survived 1-5 years, ages 18-65 years at diagnosis, were recruited. Five focus groups were conducted with 33 participants in total. Discussions centered on participants' experiences at diagnosis, as well as ongoing physical, emotional, and social concerns, and behavioral changes since diagnosis. The majority of participants reported shock, fear, and feeling overwhelmed at the time of diagnosis...
2017: Journal of Skin Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633168/integration-of-clinical-pharmacists-in-family-medicine-residency-programs
#10
Jody L Lounsbery, Jennie B Jarrett, Lori M Dickerson, Stephen A Wilson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Clinical pharmacists are valued educators and practitioners within family medicine residency programs (FMRPs). Since the last survey of clinical pharmacists within FMRPs, there have been significant advancements to pharmacy education and training as well as growth of interprofessional education and collaborative practice within family medicine. The objective of this study is to describe the integration of clinical pharmacists within FMRPs. METHODS: All 480 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)-approved FMRPs were contacted to identify clinical pharmacists involved with their programs...
June 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631158/rapid-and-reliable-steroid-hormone-profiling-in-tursiops-truncatus-blubber-using-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-lc-ms-ms
#11
Ashley S P Boggs, Tracey B Schock, Lori H Schwacke, Thomas M Galligan, Jeanine S Morey, Wayne E McFee, John R Kucklick
Monitoring of marine mammal steroid hormone status using matrices alternative to blood is desirable due to the ability to remotely collect samples, which minimizes stress to the animal. However, measurement techniques in alternative matrices such as blubber described to date are limited in the number and types of hormones measured. Therefore, a new method using bead homogenization to QuEChERS (Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged, and Safe) extraction, C18 post extraction cleanup and analysis by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was developed and applied to the measurement of hormone suites in bottlenose dolphin blubber...
June 19, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630877/male-partnered-sexual-minority-women-sexual-identity-disclosure-to-health-care-providers-during-the-perinatal-period
#12
Abbie E Goldberg, Lori E Ross, Melissa H Manley, Jonathan J Mohr
Male-partnered sexual minority women (SMW) have received little research attention, despite the fact that they represent a large proportion of SMW - particularly child-bearing SMW. Male-partnered SMW are less "out" than female-partnered SMW and will likely be "read" as heterosexual by perinatal providers. Given this, and evidence that pregnant women have unique mental health care needs, the current study focuses on male-partnered SMW (n = 28) during the perinatal period, recruited from Toronto, Canada and Massachusetts, USA, in an effort to understand disclosure and concealment processes in general and to perinatal heath care providers specifically...
March 2017: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630022/lamprey-metamorphosis-thyroid-hormone-signaling-in-a-basal-vertebrate
#13
REVIEW
Richard G Manzon, Lori A Manzon
As one of the most basal living vertebrates, lampreys represent an excellent model system to study the evolution of thyroid hormone (TH) signaling. The lamprey hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid and reproductive axes overlap functionally. Lampreys have 3 gonadotropin releasing hormones and a single glycoprotein hormone from the hypothalamus and pituitary, respectively, that regulate both the reproductive and thyroid axes. TH synthesis in larval lampreys takes place in an endostyle that transforms into typical vertebrate thyroid tissue during metamorphosis; both the endostyle and follicular tissue have all the typical TH synthetic components found in other vertebrates...
June 16, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629359/forced-expiration-measurements-in-mouse-models-of-obstructive-and-restrictive-lung-diseases
#14
Fien C Devos, André Maaske, Annette Robichaud, Lore Pollaris, Sven Seys, Carolina Aznar Lopez, Erik Verbeken, Matthias Tenbusch, Rik Lories, Benoit Nemery, Peter Hm Hoet, Jeroen Aj Vanoirbeek
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary function measurements are important when studying respiratory disease models. Both resistance and compliance have been used to assess lung function in mice. Yet, it is not always clear how these parameters relate to forced expiration (FE)-related parameters, most commonly used in humans. We aimed to characterize FE measurements in four well-established mouse models of lung diseases. METHOD: Detailed respiratory mechanics and FE measurements were assessed concurrently in Balb/c mice, using the forced oscillation and negative pressure-driven forced expiration techniques, respectively...
June 19, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628596/from-disease-to-health-physical-therapy-health-promotion-practices-for-secondary-prevention-in-adult-and-pediatric-neurologic-populations
#15
Lori Quinn, Don Morgan
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Over the last decade there has been a substantial increase in efforts to better understand how targeted physical activity and exercise interventions can be used to minimize secondary consequences arising from neurological damage in both adult and pediatric populations. This article offers an overview of contemporary research that addresses mediators of functional and neuroplastic adaptations associated with physical activity and exercise. We emphasize the important role that physical therapists can play to increase participation and improve well-being in adults and children with neurological disorders...
July 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628549/a-classification-system-to-guide-physical-therapy-management-in-huntington-disease-a-case-series
#16
Nora E Fritz, Monica Busse, Karen Jones, Hanan Khalil, Lori Quinn
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Individuals with Huntington disease (HD), a rare neurological disease, experience impairments in mobility and cognition throughout their disease course. The Medical Research Council framework provides a schema that can be applied to the development and evaluation of complex interventions, such as those provided by physical therapists. Treatment-based classifications, based on expert consensus and available literature, are helpful in guiding physical therapy management across the stages of HD...
July 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628442/phylogeography-of-burkholderia-pseudomallei-isolates-western-hemisphere
#17
Jay E Gee, Christopher A Gulvik, Mindy G Elrod, Dhwani Batra, Lori A Rowe, Mili Sheth, Alex R Hoffmaster
The bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei causes melioidosis, which is mainly associated with tropical areas. We analyzed single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) among genome sequences from isolates of B. pseudomallei that originated in the Western Hemisphere by comparing them with genome sequences of isolates that originated in the Eastern Hemisphere. Analysis indicated that isolates from the Western Hemisphere form a distinct clade, which supports the hypothesis that these isolates were derived from a constricted seeding event from Africa...
July 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627522/dot1l-safeguards-cartilage-homeostasis-and-protects-against-osteoarthritis
#18
Silvia Monteagudo, Frederique M F Cornelis, Carolina Aznar-Lopez, Ploi Yibmantasiri, Laura-An Guns, Peter Carmeliet, Frédéric Cailotto, Rik J Lories
Osteoarthritis is the most prevalent and crippling joint disease, and lacks curative treatment, as the underlying molecular basis is unclear. Here, we show that DOT1L, an enzyme involved in histone methylation, is a master protector of cartilage health. Loss of DOT1L disrupts the molecular signature of healthy chondrocytes in vitro and causes osteoarthritis in mice. Mechanistically, the protective function of DOT1L is attributable to inhibition of Wnt signalling, a pathway that when hyper-activated can lead to joint disease...
June 19, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627321/diabetes-knowledge-management-and-prevention-among-haitian-immigrants-in-philadelphia
#19
Rhoda K Moise, Donaldson F Conserve, Bilikisu Elewonibi, Lori A Francis, Rhonda BeLue
Purpose Guided by the PEN-3 Cultural Model, the purpose of this study is to generate culturally framed insight into diabetes knowledge, management, and prevention among Haitians. Despite the disproportionate distribution of type II diabetes mellitus among US minorities, limited research explores outcomes within racial ethnic groups. It is particularly important to disaggregate the large racial-ethnic groups of black given the population growth among foreign-born blacks, such as Haitians, whose population has more than quadrupled in recent decades...
June 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627221/management-and-family-burdens-endorsed-by-parents-of-youth-7-years-old-with-type-1-diabetes
#20
Kara Harrington, Claire T Boyle, Kellee M Miller, Marisa E Hilliard, Barbara J Anderson, Michelle Van Name, Linda A DiMeglio, Lori M Laffel
BACKGROUND: This study investigated unique burdens experienced by parents of young children with type 1 diabetes in the context of contemporary diabetes management. METHODS: Self-report surveys and medical record information from the T1D Exchange clinic registry were used. Parental burden and family impact scores were tabulated across demographic and clinical characteristics, overall and according to age group (<4, 4-<6, and 6-<7 years). RESULTS: The mean age of the 549 children was 5...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
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