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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054099/examining-factors-associated-with-elevated-lie-scale-responding-on-the-child-abuse-potential-inventory
#1
Amanda H Costello, Natalie J Shook, Nancy M Wallace, Cheryl B McNeil
Child maltreatment remains a serious public health issue in the United States. Therefore, it is important to engage in quality control of the assessment, prevention, and treatment services for families affected by maltreatment. Parenting capacity assessments (PCAs) are typically an integral part of service delivery for families affected by maltreatment and can carry serious consequences for the referred parent. The Child Abuse Potential Inventory (CAPI) is a measure that is widely used in PCAs; however, socially desirable responding on the CAPI can serve to invalidate the important information derived from this assessment, as well as lead to negative impressions of the parent...
October 17, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053636/neural-and-molecular-mechanisms-involved-in-controlling-the-quality-of-feeding-behavior-diet-selection-and-feeding-patterns
#2
REVIEW
Tsutomu Sasaki
We are what we eat. There are three aspects of feeding: what, when, and how much. These aspects represent the quantity (how much) and quality (what and when) of feeding. The quantitative aspect of feeding has been studied extensively, because weight is primarily determined by the balance between caloric intake and expenditure. In contrast, less is known about the mechanisms that regulate the qualitative aspects of feeding, although they also significantly impact the control of weight and health. However, two aspects of feeding quality relevant to weight loss and weight regain are discussed in this review: macronutrient-based diet selection (what) and feeding pattern (when)...
October 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049333/synchrotron-imaging-and-markov-chain-monte-carlo-reveal-tooth-mineralization-patterns
#3
Daniel R Green, Gregory M Green, Albert S Colman, Felicitas B Bidlack, Paul Tafforeau, Tanya M Smith
The progressive character of tooth formation records aspects of mammalian life history, diet, seasonal behavior and climate. Tooth mineralization occurs in two stages: secretion and maturation, which overlap to some degree. Despite decades of study, the spatial and temporal pattern of elemental incorporation during enamel mineralization remains poorly characterized. Here we use synchrotron X-ray microtomography and Markov Chain Monte Carlo sampling to estimate mineralization patterns from an ontogenetic series of sheep molars (n = 45 M1s, 18 M2s)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048955/integrating-hiv-preexposure-prophylaxis-prep-into-routine-preventive-health-care-to-avoid-exacerbating-disparities
#4
Sarah K Calabrese, Douglas S Krakower, Kenneth H Mayer
More than 3 decades since its emergence in the United States, HIV continues to spread and disproportionately affect socially marginalized groups. Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP), a highly effective prevention strategy federally approved since 2012, could fundamentally alter the course of the epidemic. However, PrEP's potential has not been fully realized, in part because health care providers have been slow to adopt PrEP in clinical practice and have been selective in their discussion of PrEP with patients. This nonstandardized approach has constrained PrEP access...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043783/marine-mammal-microbiota-yields-novel-antibiotic-with-potent-activity-against-clostridium-difficile
#5
Jessica L Ochoa, Laura M Sanchez, Byoung-Mo Koo, Jennifer S Doherty, Manohary Rajendram, Kerwyn Casey Huang, Carol A Gross, Roger G Linington
The recent explosion of research on the microbiota has highlighted the important interplay between commensal microorganisms and the health of their cognate hosts. Metabolites isolated from commensal bacteria have been demonstrated to possess a range of antimicrobial activities, and it is widely believed that some of these metabolites modulate host behavior, affecting predisposition to disease and pathogen invasion. Our access to the local marine mammal stranding network and previous successes in mining the fish microbiota poised us to test the hypothesis that the marine mammal microbiota is a novel source of commensal bacteria-produced bioactive metabolites...
October 18, 2017: ACS Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043248/health-by-design-interweaving-health-promotion-into-environments-and-settings
#6
Andrew E Springer, Alexandra E Evans, Jaquelin Ortuño, Deborah Salvo, Maria Teresa Varela Arévalo
The important influence of the environmental context on health and health behavior-which includes place, settings, and the multiple environments within place and settings-has directed health promotion planners from a focus solely on changing individuals, toward a focus on harnessing and changing context for individual and community health promotion. Health promotion planning frameworks such as Intervention Mapping provide helpful guidance in addressing various facets of the environmental context in health intervention design, including the environmental factors that influence a given health condition or behavior, environmental agents that can influence a population's health, and environmental change methods...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042341/pain-self-management-for-veterans-development-and-pilot-test-of-a-stage-based-mobile-optimized-intervention
#7
Sara S Johnson, Deborah A Levesque, Lynne E Broderick, Dustin G Bailey, Robert D Kerns
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is a significant public health burden affecting more Americans than cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer combined. Veterans are disproportionately affected by chronic pain. Among previously deployed soldiers and veterans, the prevalence of chronic pain is estimated between 44% and 60%. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research was to develop and pilot-test Health eRide: Your Journey to Managing Pain, a mobile pain self-management program for chronic musculoskeletal pain for veterans...
October 17, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040263/tuberculosis-detection-and-the-challenges-of-integrated-care-in-rural-china-a-cross-sectional-standardized-patient-study
#8
Sean Sylvia, Hao Xue, Chengchao Zhou, Yaojiang Shi, Hongmei Yi, Huan Zhou, Scott Rozelle, Madhukar Pai, Jishnu Das
BACKGROUND: Despite recent reductions in prevalence, China still faces a substantial tuberculosis (TB) burden, with future progress dependent on the ability of rural providers to appropriately detect and refer TB patients for further care. This study (a) provides a baseline assessment of the ability of rural providers to correctly manage presumptive TB cases; (b) measures the gap between provider knowledge and practice and; (c) evaluates how ongoing reforms of China's health system-characterized by a movement toward "integrated care" and promotion of initial contact with grassroots providers-will affect the care of TB patients...
October 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040165/dating-violence-against-hiv-infected-youth-in-south-africa-associations-with-sexual-risk-behavior-medication-adherence-and-mental-health
#9
Rachel Kidman, Avy Violari
BACKGROUND: As perinatal HIV-infected youth become sexually active, the potential for onward transmission becomes an increasing concern. In other populations, intimate partner violence (IPV) is a risk factor for HIV acquisition. We build on this critical work by studying the role of IPV in facilitating onward transmission among HIV-infected youth - an important step towards effective intervention. SETTING: Soweto, South Africa. METHODS: Self-report surveys were completed by 129 perinatal HIV-infected female youth (aged 13-24)...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039705/research-on-web-search-behavior-how-online-query-data-inform-social-psychology
#10
Kaisheng Lai, Yan Xin Lee, Hao Chen, Rongjun Yu
The widespread use of web searches in daily life has allowed researchers to study people's online social and psychological behavior. Using web search data has advantages in terms of data objectivity, ecological validity, temporal resolution, and unique application value. This review integrates existing studies on web search data that have explored topics including sexual behavior, suicidal behavior, mental health, social prejudice, social inequality, public responses to policies, and other psychosocial issues...
October 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037602/hiv-sti-prevention-among-heterosexually-active-black-adolescents-with-mental-illnesses-focus-group-findings-for-intervention-development
#11
Bridgette M Brawner, Loretta Sweet Jemmott, Gina Wingood, Janaiya Reason, Niya Mack
Heterosexually active Black adolescents with mental illnesses are at increased risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV. However, few HIV/STI prevention interventions exist for this demographic. We held seven focus groups (N = 33) to elucidate social, cultural, and psychological factors that influence HIV/STI risk-related sexual behaviors in this understudied population. Seven themes emerged: (a) Blackness and media portrayals, (b) Blackness as a source of cultural resilience and pride, (c) psychosocial determinants of condom use, (d) consequences of engaging in sexual activity, (e) attitudes and beliefs toward sexual behaviors, (f) benefits of sexual activity, and (g) coping mechanisms...
September 28, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032521/learning-from-ujambo-perspectives-on-gynecologic-care-in-african-immigrant-and-refugee-women-in-boston-massachusetts
#12
P K Mehta, K Saia, D Mody, S S Crosby, A Raj, S Maru, L Piwowarczyk
African-born immigrant women, and particularly refugees and asylum seekers, are at risk for reproductive health disparities but inadequately use relevant gynecologic services. We sought to elucidate perspectives on gynecologic care in a population of Congolese and Somali immigrants. We conducted a secondary qualitative analysis of focus group data using a grounded theory approach and the Integrated Behavioral Model as our theoretical framework. Thirty one women participated in six focus groups. Participant beliefs included the states of pregnancy and/or pain as triggers for care, preferences included having female providers and those with familiarity with female genital cutting...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025114/comprehensive-process-model-of-clinical-information-interaction-in-primary-care-results-of-a-best-fit-framework-synthesis
#13
Tiffany C Veinot, Charles R Senteio, David Hanauer, Julie C Lowery
Objective: To describe a new, comprehensive process model of clinical information interaction in primary care (Clinical Information Interaction Model, or CIIM) based on a systematic synthesis of published research. Materials and Methods: We used the "best fit" framework synthesis approach. Searches were performed in PubMed, Embase, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), PsycINFO, Library and Information Science Abstracts, Library, Information Science and Technology Abstracts, and Engineering Village...
September 2, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025051/integrating-behavioral-health-risk-assessment-into-centralized-intake-for-maternal-and-child-health-services
#14
Sarah Kye Price, D Crystal Coles, Tracey Wingold
Effectively promoting women's health during and around the time of pregnancy requires early, nonstigmatizing identification and assessment of behavioral health risks (such as depression, substance use, smoking, and interpersonal violence) combined with timely linkage to community support and specialized interventions. This article describes an integrated approach to behavioral health risk screening woven into a point of first contact with the health care delivery system: centralized intake for maternal and child health home visiting programs...
September 4, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024825/a-grounded-visualization-approach-to-explore-sociospatial-and-temporal-complexities-of-older-adults-mobility
#15
Thea Franke, Meghan Winters, Heather McKay, Habib Chaudhury, Joanie Sims-Gould
In the past decade, there has been an increasing interest in older adults' mobility. Most often, mobility is measured quantitatively as physical movement (e.g. physical activity) or travel behavior (e.g. trips, modes, and distances). There is a need to integrate both quantitative and qualitative data over time to visualize both context and content in a spatial and temporal dimension and discover patterns and explanations for their underlying processes. We aim to address this gap by demonstrating how a grounded visualization approach can be used to explore sociospatial and temporal complexities of older adults' mobility...
September 28, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023998/randomized-controlled-trial-on-the-effectiveness-of-a-multicomponent-intervention-on-migraine-a-study-protocol
#16
Vishnu Renjith, Aparna Pai, Kurupath Radhakrishnan, Baby S Nayak, Elsa Sanatombi Devi, Elissa Ladd, Anice George
AIM: To describe a randomized controlled trial protocol that evaluates the effectiveness of a multicomponent intervention in improving the outcomes (quality of life, disability, intensity, frequency and duration) of patients with migraine. BACKGROUND: Migraine affects various facets of Quality of Life and results in moderate to high levels of disability among migraineurs. Migraine pain can be intense and unremitting that can interfere with the daily routine and reduce the ability to think and function normally...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022737/implementation-of-an-integrative-medicine-treatment-program-at-a-veterans-health-administration-residential-mental-health-facility
#17
Melinda A Gaddy
A 4-week interdisciplinary integrative medicine program was recently added to the core treatment offerings for veterans participating in the Mental Health Residential Rehabilitation Program at the Dwight D. Eisenhower Veterans Affairs Medical Center. The new integrative medicine program teaches veterans about using meditative practices, nutrition, creative expression, tai chi, hatha yoga, sensory and breathing techniques, and lifestyle changes to enhance well-being. The groups are run by professionals from a variety of disciplines including recreation therapy, art therapy, occupational therapy, psychology, and nutrition...
October 12, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021122/influencing-quality-of-outpatient-sud-care-implementation-of-alerts-and-incentives-in-washington-state
#18
Deborah W Garnick, Constance M Horgan, Andrea Acevedo, Margaret T Lee, Lee Panas, Grant A Ritter, Kevin Campbell, Jason Bean-Mortinson
Financial incentives for quality improvement and feedback on specific clients are two approaches to improving the quality of treatment for individuals with substance use disorders. We examined the impacts of these interventions in Washington State by randomizing outpatient substance use treatment agencies into intervention and control groups. From October 2013 through December 2015, agencies could earn financial incentives for meeting performance goals incorporating both achievement relative to a benchmark and improvement from agencies' own baselines...
November 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017754/health-behavior-and-quality-of-life-outcome-in-breast-cancer-survivors-prevalence-rates-and-predictors
#19
Anne Oberguggenberger, Verena Meraner, Monika Sztankay, Anja Hilbert, Michael Hubalek, Bernhard Holzner, Eva Gamper, Georg Kemmler, Teresa Baumgartner, Isabelle Lackinger, Barbara Sperner-Unterweger, Barbara Mangweth-Matzek
PURPOSE: Health behavior (HB) has been identified as contributing to breast cancer (BC) disease outcome. The present study was subjected to gain more in-depth insight into breast cancer survivors' (BCS) HB and its associations with patient quality of life (QOL) outcome. We investigated HB focusing on eating disturbances comparing the latter with a reference population sample (PS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The research cohort included 303 BCS completing a comprehensive patient-reported-outcome assessment on HB (eating disturbances, exercise, substance use) and QOL...
September 18, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017093/personality-pathology-and-intentional-self-harm-cross-cutting-insights-from-categorical-and-dimensional-models
#20
REVIEW
Brianna J Turner, Hyejin M Jin, Michael D Anestis, Katherine L Dixon-Gordon, Kim L Gratz
This paper reviews current literature on the links between personality pathology and intentional self-harm, including nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidal behaviors. Specifically, this review highlights recent advances stemming from longitudinal, epidemiological, and health registry studies, as well as emerging research on pathological personality traits and intentional self-harm, and integrates current knowledge across dimensional and categorical frameworks to provide recommendations for clinical practice and future research...
September 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
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