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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241465/an-improved-metal-packaged-strain-sensor-based-on-a-regenerated-fiber-bragg-grating-in-hydrogen-loaded-boron-germanium-co-doped-photosensitive-fiber-for-high-temperature-applications
#1
Yun Tu, Lin Ye, Shao-Ping Zhou, Shan-Tung Tu
Local strain measurements are considered as an effective method for structural health monitoring of high-temperature components, which require accurate, reliable and durable sensors. To develop strain sensors that can be used in higher temperature environments, an improved metal-packaged strain sensor based on a regenerated fiber Bragg grating (RFBG) fabricated in hydrogen (H₂)-loaded boron-germanium (B-Ge) co-doped photosensitive fiber is developed using the process of combining magnetron sputtering and electroplating, addressing the limitation of mechanical strength degradation of silica optical fibers after annealing at a high temperature for regeneration...
February 23, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240271/coherent-activity-between-brain-regions-that-code-for-value-is-linked-to-the-malleability-of-human-behavior
#2
Nicole Cooper, Danielle S Bassett, Emily B Falk
Brain activity in medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) during exposure to persuasive messages can predict health behavior change. This brain-behavior relationship has been linked to areas of MPFC previously associated with self-related processing; however, the mechanism underlying this relationship is unclear. We explore two components of self-related processing - self-reflection and subjective valuation - and examine coherent activity between relevant networks of brain regions during exposure to health messages encouraging exercise and discouraging sedentary behaviors...
February 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239011/the-changing-face-of-treatment-mental-health-concerns-and-integrated-care-in-an-hiv-clinic
#3
Eliot J Lopez, Thomas Toomey, Kimberly Lewis, Shirin Khazvand, Rebecca M Floyd, Kena R Arnold, Lara M Stepleman
Though advances in medical treatment have increased lifespans for those living with HIV, quality of life concerns often remain under-treated by health care providers. The integration of mental health services within the HIV medical setting can provide comprehensive care for patients, including brief screening, intervention, and appropriate follow-up. In this study, investigators examined mental health concerns identified during behavioral health screens at appointments in an Infectious Disease Clinic and compared them with previously published data from the same setting to assess changes in patient-reported problems...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237812/physiological-and-behavioral-effects-of-exogenous-corticosterone-in-a-free-ranging-ectotherm
#4
Natalie M Claunch, Julius A Frazier, Camilo Escallón, Ben J Vernasco, Ignacio T Moore, Emily N Taylor
In the face of global change, free-ranging organisms are expected to experience more unpredictable stressors. An understanding of how organisms with different life history strategies will respond to such changes is an integral part of biodiversity conservation. Corticosterone (CORT) levels are often used as metrics to assess the population health of wild vertebrates, despite the fact that the stress response and its effects on organismal function are highly variable. Our understanding of the stress response is primarily derived from studies on endotherms, leading to some contention on the effects of chronic stress across and within taxa...
February 22, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237049/treatment-motivation-among-caregivers-and-adolescents-with-substance-use-disorders
#5
T Cornelius, V A Earnshaw, D Menino, L M Bogart, S Levy
Substance use disorders (SUDs) in adolescence have negative long-term health effects, which can be mitigated through successful treatment. Caregivers play a central role in adolescent treatment involvement; however, studies have not examined treatment motivation and pressures to enter treatment in caregiver/adolescent dyads. Research suggests that internally motivated treatment (in contrast to coerced treatment) tends to lead to better outcomes. We used Self-determination theory (SDT) to examine intersecting motivational narratives among caregivers and adolescents in SUD treatment...
April 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236689/do-attitudes-and-behavior-of-health-care-professionals-exacerbate-health-care-disparities-among-immigrant-and-ethnic-minority-groups-an-integrative-literature-review
#6
REVIEW
Daniel Drewniak, Tanja Krones, Verina Wild
OBJECTIVES: Recent investigations of ethnicity related disparities in health care have focused on the contribution of providers' implicit biases. A significant effect on health care outcomes is suggested, but the results are mixed. The purpose of this integrative literature review is to provide an overview and synthesize the current empirical research on the potential influence of health care professionals' attitudes and behaviors towards ethnic minority patients on health care disparities...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229306/behavioral-and-social-sciences-at-the-national-institutes-of-health-adoption-of-research-findings-in-health-research-and-practice-as-a-scientific-priority
#7
William T Riley
The National Institutes of Health's Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR) recently released its Strategic Plan for 2017 to 2021. This plan highlights three scientific priorities: (1) improve the synergy of basic and applied behavioral and social sciences research, (2) enhance and promote the research infrastructure, methods, and measures needed to support a more cumulative and integrated approach to behavioral and social sciences research, and (3) facilitate the adoption of behavioral and social sciences research findings in health research and in practice...
February 22, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229248/promoting-social-nurturance-and-positive-social-environments-to-reduce-obesity-in-high-risk-youth
#8
REVIEW
Dawn K Wilson, Allison M Sweeney, Heather Kitzman-Ulrich, Haylee Gause, Sara M St George
Nurturing environments within the context of families, schools, and communities all play an important role in enhancing youth's behavioral choices and health outcomes. The increasing prevalence rates of obesity among youth, especially among low income and ethnic minorities, highlight the need to develop effective and innovative intervention approaches that promote positive supportive environments across different contexts for at-risk youth. We propose that the integration of Social Cognitive Theory, Family Systems Theory, and Self-Determination Theory offers a useful framework for understanding how individual, family, and social-environmental-level factors contribute to the development of nurturing environments...
February 22, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226468/from-good-intentions-to-healthy-habits-towards-integrated-computational-models-of-goal-striving-and-habit-formation
#9
Peter Pirolli, Peter Pirolli, Peter Pirolli
Computational models were developed in the ACT-R neurocognitive architecture to address some aspects of the dynamics of behavior change. The simulations aim to address the day-to-day goal achievement data available from mobile health systems. The models refine current psychological theories of self-efficacy, intended effort, and habit formation, and provide an account for the mechanisms by which goal personalization, implementation intentions, and remindings work.
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219878/features-of-a-mobile-support-app-for-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-literature-review-and-current-applications
#10
Drishty D Sobnath, Nada Philip, Reem Kayyali, Shereen Nabhani-Gebara, Barbara Pierscionek, Anouk W Vaes, Martijn A Spruit, Evangelos Kaimakamis
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a serious long-term lung disease in which the airflow from the lungs is progressively reduced. By 2030, COPD will become the third cause of mortality and seventh cause of morbidity worldwide. With advances in technology and mobile communications, significant progress in the mobile health (mHealth) sector has been recently observed. Mobile phones with app capabilities (smartphones) are now considered as potential media for the self-management of certain types of diseases such as asthma, cancer, COPD, or cardiovascular diseases...
February 20, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219487/evidence-for-the-risks-and-consequences-of-adolescent-cannabis-exposure
#11
REVIEW
Amir Levine, Kelly Clemenza, Moira Rynn, Jeffrey Lieberman
OBJECTIVE: This review of the scientific literature examines the potential adult sequelae of exposure to cannabis and related synthetic cannabinoids in adolescence. We examine the four neuropsychiatric outcomes that are likely most vulnerable to alteration by early cannabinoid use, as identified within both the clinical and preclinical research: cognition, emotional functioning, risk for psychosis, and addiction. METHOD: A literature search was conducted through PubMed, PsychInfo, and Google Scholar with no publication date restrictions...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218927/hope-and-mental-health-in-young-adult-college-students-an-integrative-review
#12
Stephanie Griggs
One in five young adults are diagnosed with a mental illness and many experience psychological distress during their first year of college due to new pressures in academia. The purpose of the current integrative review was to describe and synthesize hope and mental health in young adults in college. PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were searched for articles published in peer-reviewed journals from 2011-2016. Twenty empirical works were selected for inclusion and five themes emerged: (a) Hope is Associated With Improved Coping, (b) Hope is Associated With Improved Well-Being, (c) Hope is a Moderator Between Depression and Negative Life Events, (d) Hope is a Protective Factor in Suicide, and (e) Hope is a Factor in Healthy Behavior Engagement...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218158/influence-of-integrated-community-and-facility-based-interventions-on-select-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-northern-karnataka-india-lessons-for-implementation-and-measurement
#13
Rajaram Subramanian Potty, Mohan Harnahalli Lakkappa, Arin Kar, Mallika Bidappa, Ramesh Banadakoppa Manjappa, Krishnamurthy Jayanna
BACKGROUND: Sukshema project provided technical assistance to National Health Mission of government of Karnataka to improve maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) outcomes in eight districts of Karnataka between 2009 and 2015. The project designed tools, processes and provided mentoring to frontline workers, community structures, and facilities to improve demand generation and quality of MNCH services. OBJECTIVES: To assess over time changes in selected MNCH care indicators among women who had delivered in the past 2 months in Bagalkot and Koppal districts...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216773/staff-and-caregiver-attitude-to-coercion-in-india
#14
B N Raveesh, S Pathare, E O Noorthoorn, G S Gowda, P Lepping, J G F Bunders-Aelen
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess attitudes of Indian psychiatrists and caregivers toward coercion. MATERIALS AND: Methods: The study was conducted at the Department of Psychiatry, Krishna Rajendra Hospital, Mysore, India. Staff Attitude to Coercion Scale (SACS), a 15-item questionnaire, was administered to self-selected psychiatrists across India and caregivers from Mysore to measure attitudes on coercion. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and investigating differences in subgroups by means of Chi-square test, Student's t-test, and analysis of variance...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211981/first-report-of-factors-associated-with-satisfaction-in-patients-with-neurofibromatosis
#15
Eric Riklin, Mojtaba Talaei-Kheoi, Vanessa L Merker, Monica R Sheridan, Justin T Jordan, Scott R Plotkin, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
Patient satisfaction is an integral part of quality health care. We assessed whether health literacy and psychosocial factors are associated with patient satisfaction among adults with neurofibromatosis. Eighty adults (mean age = 44 years; 55% female, 87% white) with NF (50% NF1, 41% NF2, and 9% schwannomatosis) completed an adapted Functional, Communicative, and Critical Health Literacy Questionnaire (FCCHL), the Health Literacy Assessment, a series of Patient Reported Outcome Measures Information System (PROMIS) psychosocial tests, and demographics before the medical visit...
March 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208839/interventions-for-preventing-childhood-obesity-with-smartphones-and-wearable-device-a-protocol-for-a-non-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Hye Jung Yang, Jae-Heon Kang, Ok Hyun Kim, Mona Choi, Myungju Oh, Jihyun Nam, Eunju Sung
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a critical health issue, both currently and for the foreseeable future. To prevent obesity, behavior changes are essential. Smartphones can be a good tool, as the number of child smartphone users is rapidly increasing. We have developed a mobile platform system named "HAPPY ME," which is a smartphone application coupled with a wearable device, designed to improve healthy behaviors to prevent childhood obesity. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of obesity prevention among children 10-12 years of age using HAPPY ME...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194008/genetic-otx2-mis-localization-delays-critical-period-plasticity-across-brain-regions
#17
H H C Lee, C Bernard, Z Ye, D Acampora, A Simeone, A Prochiantz, A A Di Nardo, T K Hensch
Accumulation of non-cell autonomous Otx2 homeoprotein in postnatal mouse visual cortex (V1) has been implicated in both the onset and closure of critical period (CP) plasticity. Here, we show that a genetic point mutation in the glycosaminoglycan recognition motif of Otx2 broadly delays the maturation of pivotal parvalbumin-positive (PV+) interneurons not only in V1 but also in the primary auditory (A1) and medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). Consequently, not only visual, but also auditory plasticity is delayed, including the experience-dependent expansion of tonotopic maps in A1 and the acquisition of acoustic preferences in mPFC, which mitigates anxious behavior...
February 14, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193744/impact-of-the-integration-of-water-treatment-hygiene-nutrition-and-clean-delivery-interventions-on-maternal-health-service-use
#18
Kirsten Fagerli, Katherine O'Connor, Sunkyung Kim, Maureen Kelley, Aloyce Odhiambo, Sitnah Faith, Ronald Otieno, Benjamin Nygren, Mary Kamb, Robert Quick
Reducing barriers associated with maternal health service use, household water treatment, and improved hygiene is important for maternal and neonatal health outcomes. We surveyed a sample of 201 pregnant women who participated in a clinic-based intervention in Kenya to increase maternal health service use and improve household hygiene and nutrition through the distribution of water treatment products, soap, protein-fortified flour, and clean delivery kits. From multivariable logistic regression analyses, the adjusted odds of ≥ 4 antenatal care (ANC4+) visits (odds ratio [OR] = 3...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193465/application-of-human-augmentics-a-persuasive-asthma-inhaler
#19
Brent Grossman, Steve Conner, Giselle Mosnaim, Joshua Albers, Jason Leigh, Steve Jones, Robert Kenyon
This article describes a tailored health intervention delivered on a mobile phone platform, integrating low-literacy design strategies and basic principles of behavior change, to promote increased adherence and asthma control among underserved minority adolescents. We based the intervention and design principles on theories of Human Augmentics and the Elaboration Likelihood Model. We tested the efficacy of using electronic monitoring devices that incorporate informative and persuasive elements to improve adherence to a prescribed daily medication regimen intended to reduce use of asthma rescue medications...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192774/irritability-in-child-and-adolescent-psychopathology-an-integrative-review-for-icd-11
#20
REVIEW
Spencer C Evans, Jeffrey D Burke, Michael C Roberts, Paula J Fite, John E Lochman, Francisco R de la Peña, Geoffrey M Reed
In preparation for the World Health Organization's development of the Eleventh Revision of the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-11) chapter on Mental and Behavioral Disorders, this article reviews the literature pertaining to severe irritability in child and adolescent psychopathology. First, research on severe mood dysregulation suggests that youth with irritability and temper outbursts, among other features of hyperactivity and arousal, demonstrate cross-sectional correlates and developmental outcomes that distinguish them from youth with bipolar disorder...
January 17, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
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