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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328311/effect-of-active-lessons-on-physical-activity-academic-and-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#1
Rosemarie Martin, Elaine M Murtagh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review of classroom-based physical activity interventions that integrate academic content and assess the effectiveness of the interventions on physical activity, learning, facilitators of learning, and health outcomes. METHOD: Six electronic databases (ERIC, PubMed, Google Scholar, Science Direct, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE) and reference lists were searched for English-language articles, published January 1990 through March 2015, reporting classroom-based interventions that deliberately taught academic content using physically active teaching methods for at least 1 week duration, with physical activity, health, learning, or facilitators-of-learning outcomes...
March 22, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327144/computational-medical-imaging-and-hemodynamics-framework-for-functional-analysis-and-assessment-of-cardiovascular-structures
#2
REVIEW
Kelvin K L Wong, Defeng Wang, Jacky K L Ko, Jagannath Mazumdar, Thu-Thao Le, Dhanjoo Ghista
Cardiac dysfunction constitutes common cardiovascular health issues in the society, and has been an investigation topic of strong focus by researchers in the medical imaging community. Diagnostic modalities based on echocardiography, magnetic resonance imaging, chest radiography and computed tomography are common techniques that provide cardiovascular structural information to diagnose heart defects. However, functional information of cardiovascular flow, which can in fact be used to support the diagnosis of many cardiovascular diseases with a myriad of hemodynamics performance indicators, remains unexplored to its full potential...
March 21, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326332/quality-of-life-in-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Daniela Marchetti, Danilo Carrozzino, Federica Fraticelli, Mario Fulcheri, Ester Vitacolonna
Background and Objective. Diagnosis of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) could significantly increase the likelihood of health problems concerning both potential risks for the mother, fetus, and child's development and negative effects on maternal mental health above all in terms of a diminished Quality of Life (QoL). The current systematic review study is aimed at further contributing to an advancement of knowledge about the clinical link between GDM and QoL. Methods. According to PRISMA guidelines, PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and Cochrane databases were searched for studies aimed at evaluating and/or improving levels of QoL in women diagnosed with GDM...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325711/investigating-the-perceptions-of-care-coordinators-on-using-behavior-theory-based-mobile-health-technology-with-medicaid-populations-a-grounded-theory-study
#4
Brittany Erika Sigler
BACKGROUND: Medicaid populations are less engaged in their health care than the rest of the population, translating to worse health outcomes and increased health care costs. Since theory-based mobile health (mHealth) interventions have been shown to increase patient engagement, mobile phones may be an optimal strategy to reach this population. With increased development of theory-based mHealth technology, these interventions must now be evaluated with these medically underserved populations in a real-world setting...
March 21, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324794/the-socio-political-context-of-migration-and-reproductive-health-disparities-the-case-of-early-sexual-initiation-among-mexican-origin-immigrant-young-women
#5
Kate Coleman-Minahan
Prior research often explains the lower risk of early sexual initiation among foreign-born Mexican-origin young women by a patriarchal and sexually conservative "traditional Latino culture." This definition overlooks structural factors such as exploitation of migrant workers, and conflates gender inequality and sexual expectations. I use an intersectional framework and the theory of gender and power to explore how gender inequality and sexual expectations are both influenced by structural factors and affect reproductive health outcomes...
March 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324792/tolerance-of-uncertainty-conceptual-analysis-integrative-model-and-implications-for-healthcare
#6
REVIEW
Marij A Hillen, Caitlin M Gutheil, Tania D Strout, Ellen M A Smets, Paul K J Han
RATIONALE: Uncertainty tolerance (UT) is an important, well-studied phenomenon in health care and many other important domains of life, yet its conceptualization and measurement by researchers in various disciplines have varied substantially and its essential nature remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to: 1) analyze the meaning and logical coherence of UT as conceptualized by developers of UT measures, and 2) develop an integrative conceptual model to guide future empirical research regarding the nature, causes, and effects of UT...
March 14, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321473/clinical-epidemiological-insights-into-urinary-incontinence
#7
Vatché A Minassian, Tony Bazi, Walter F Stewart
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Urinary incontinence (UI) is very common and heterogeneous among women with limited knowledge of progression or prognosis. Evidence based on clinical epidemiology can help to better understand the natural history of UI. METHODS: We examine the challenges of UI definition and its subtypes, its impact on quality of life and health-seeking behavior. We review the proposed pathophysiology of UI subtypes and known risk factors as they relate to our current knowledge of the disease state...
March 20, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316565/six-years-of-research-on-the-national-institute-of-mental-health-s-research-domain-criteria-rdoc-initiative-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Dean Carcone, Anthony C Ruocco
Six years have passed since the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) in the United States launched the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) initiative. The RDoC introduces a framework for research on the biology of mental illness that integrates research findings across multiple levels of information. The framework outlines constructs that represent specific quantifiable dimensions of behavior (e.g., responses to acute threat, cognitive control) and corresponding units of analysis that can be used to study the constructs, beginning at the levels of genes, molecules, cells, circuits and physiology, and moving up to behaviors and self-reports...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315760/medication-adherence-outcomes-of-771-intervention-trials-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Vicki S Conn, Todd M Ruppar
Excellent medication adherence contributes to decreases in morbidity, mortality, and health care costs. Although researchers have tested many interventions to increase adherence, results are sometimes conflicting and often unclear. This systematic review applied meta-analytic procedures to integrate primary research that tested medication adherence interventions. Comprehensive searching completed in 2015 located 771 published and unpublished intervention studies with adherence behavior outcomes. Random-effects model analysis calculated standardized mean difference effect sizes...
March 15, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314818/allometric-analysis-detects-brain-size-independent-effects-of-sex-and-sex-chromosome-complement-on-human-cerebellar-organization
#10
Catherine Mankiw, Min Tae M Park, P K Reardon, Ari M Fish, Liv S Clasen, Deanna Greenstein, Jay N Giedd, Jonathan D Blumenthal, Jason P Lerch, M Mallar Chakravarty, Armin Raznahan
The cerebellum is a large hindbrain structure that is increasingly recognized for its contribution to diverse domains of cognitive and affective processing in human health and disease. Although several of these domains are sex-biased, our fundamental understanding of cerebellar sex differences - including their spatial distribution, potential biological determinants, and independence from brain volume variation - lags far behind that for the cerebrum. Here, we harness automated neuroimaging methods for cerebellar morphometrics in 417 individuals to (i) localize normative male-female differences in raw cerebellar volume, (ii) compare these to sex chromosome effects estimated across five rare X-/Y-chromosome aneuploidy (SCA) syndromes, and (iii) clarify brain size-independent effects of sex and SCA on cerebellar anatomy using a generalizable allometric approach which considers scaling relationships between regional cerebellar volume and brain volume in health...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302597/mhealth-interventions-for-health-system-strengthening-in-china-a-systematic-review
#11
Maoyi Tian, Jing Zhang, Rong Luo, Shi Chen, Djordje Petrovic, Julie Redfern, Dong Roman Xu, Anushka Patel
BACKGROUND: With rapidly expanding infrastructure in China, mobile technology has been deemed to have the potential to revolutionize health care delivery. There is particular promise for mobile health (mHealth) to positively influence health system reform and confront the new challenges of chronic diseases. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to systematically review existing mHealth initiatives in China, characterize them, and examine the extent to which mHealth contributes toward the health system strengthening in China...
March 16, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301821/sex-related-substance-use-and-the-externalizing-spectrum
#12
Craig Rodriguez-Seijas, Kodi B Arfer, Ronald G Thompson, Deborah S Hasin, Nicholas R Eaton
BACKGROUND: Substance use before and during sexual activity is associated with many negative health outcomes. Estimates suggest that at least 4.3 million American adults annually engage in regular sex-related alcohol consumption, indicating that the intersection of substance use and sexual behavior is of public health concern. However, it is likely that when considering broader sex-related substance use, estimates would be notably higher. While substance use disorders and antisocial personality disorder have been associated with sex-related alcohol consumption, no study has investigated how regular sex-related substance use is associated with the broader transdiagnostic externalizing spectrum...
February 28, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298129/a-rural-shelter-in-ontario-adapting-to-address-the-changing-needs-of-women-who-have-experienced-intimate-partner-violence-a-qualitative-case-study
#13
Tara Mantler, Barat Wolfe
INTRODUCTION: Intimate partner violence is a significant public health problem, with shelters offering the predominant community-based solution. Shelters in Canada are mandated to provide a safe place, protection planning, advocacy and counseling among other services. Recently it has been noted the role of the shelter was shifting from an inpatient to outpatient model with a focus on increased integration of health and social services. This changing role of the shelter is amplified within the rural context where resources and cultural norms may be limited or incompatible with help-seeking behaviors...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295611/variation-in-networks-and-forms-of-support-for-care-seeking-across-the-hiv-care-continuum-in-the-rural-southeastern-united-states
#14
Miranda Hill, Amber Huff, Neale Chumbler
PURPOSE: In spite of progress in understanding the importance of social support for health outcomes in Persons Living with HIV (PLWH), more remains to be known about mechanisms of support most beneficial at each stage of HIV treatment. In this study, we use a qualitative analytic approach to investigate the forms and sources of social support deemed most integral to the diagnosis, care engagement, and medication adherence behaviors of a diverse sample of PLWH in a mostly rural health district in the Southeastern United States...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295134/impact-of-the-reach-ii-and-reach-va-dementia-caregiver-interventions-on-healthcare-costs
#15
Linda O Nichols, Jennifer Martindale-Adams, Carolyn W Zhu, Erin K Kaplan, Jeffrey K Zuber, Teresa M Waters
OBJECTIVE: Examine caregiver and care recipient healthcare costs associated with caregivers' participation in Resources for Enhancing Alzheimer's Caregivers Health (REACH II or REACH VA) behavioral interventions to improve coping skills and care recipient management. DESIGN: RCT (REACH II); propensity-score matched, retrospective cohort study (REACH VA). SETTING: Five community sites (REACH II); 24 VA facilities (REACH VA). PARTICIPANTS: Care recipients with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) and their caregivers who participated in REACH II study (analysis sample of 110 caregivers and 197 care recipients); care recipients whose caregivers participated in REACH VA and a propensity matched control group (analysis sample of 491)...
March 13, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292304/design-and-implementation-of-electronic-health-record-integrated-clinical-prediction-rules-icpr-a-randomized-trial-in-diverse-primary-care-settings
#16
David A Feldstein, Rachel Hess, Thomas McGinn, Rebecca G Mishuris, Lauren McCullagh, Paul D Smith, Michael Flynn, Joseph Palmisano, Gheorghe Doros, Devin Mann
BACKGROUND: Clinical prediction rules (CPRs) represent a method of determining individual patient risk to help providers make more accurate decisions at the point of care. Well-validated CPRs are underutilized but may decrease antibiotic overuse for acute respiratory infections. The integrated clinical prediction rules (iCPR) study builds on a previous single clinic study to integrate two CPRs into the electronic health record and assess their impact on practice. This article discusses study design and implementation of a multicenter cluster randomized control trial of the iCPR clinical decision support system, including the tool adaptation, usability testing, staff training, and implementation study to disseminate iCPR at multiple clinical sites across two health care systems...
March 14, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290927/understanding-primary-care-behavioral-health-across-military-settings-a-preliminary-comparison-between-deployed-and-in-garrison-care
#17
Ryan R Landoll, Matthew K Nielsen, Kathryn K Waggoner
BACKGROUND: Integrated primary care behavioral health (PCBH) is a growing trend in health care delivery, particularly in the Department of Defense and the Department of Veterans Affairs. This consultative model has been applied within the U.S. Air Force for over 15 years and has demonstrated positive health impacts and patient satisfaction. With extended conflicts and engagements, including Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom, deployment behavioral health care has expanded and positively received, but there is less empirical support of particular models of care in a deployed environment...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290063/behavioral-health-integration-in-large-multi-group-pediatric-practice
#18
REVIEW
Abigail Boden Schlesinger
There is increasing interest in methods to improve access to behavioral health services for children and adolescents. Children's Community Pediatric Behavioral Health Service (CCPBHS) is an integrated behavioral health service whose method of (a) creating a leadership team with empowered administrative and clinical stakeholders who can act on a commitment to change and (b) having a clear mission statement with integrated administrative and clinical care processes can serve as a model for implementing integration efforts within the medical home...
March 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288601/babies-living-safe-smokefree-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-multilevel-multimodal-behavioral-intervention-to-reduce-low-income-children-s-tobacco-smoke-exposure
#19
Bradley N Collins, Stephen J Lepore
BACKGROUND: Addressing children's tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) remains a public health priority. However, there is low uptake and ineffectiveness of treatment, particularly in low-income populations that face numerous challenges to smoking behavior change. A multilevel intervention combining system-level health messaging and advice about TSE delivered at community clinics that disseminate the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC), combined with nicotine replacement and intensive multimodal, individual-level behavioral intervention may improve TSE control efforts in such high-risk populations...
March 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287862/implementation-of-a-health-indicator-monitoring-system-in-an-assertive-community-treatment-team-at-a-community-outpatient-behavioral-health-organization
#20
Gwen Sims, Kathleen R Delaney
Persons with severe mental illness have increased risk for medical co-morbidities and early mortality. The purpose of this project was to implement a health indicator monitoring system for an Assertive Community Treatment team and to utilize this system to generate referrals to appropriate medical providers. The system established utilized Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMSHA) recommended health indicators and pre-post data analysis to assess the effectiveness of the initiative...
March 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
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