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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212130/periorbital-soft-tissue-anthropometric-analysis-of-young-adults
#1
Turan Ozdemir, Fatma Ezgi Can, Sefa Isiklar, Ilker Ercan, Nedim Simsek Cankur
The authors aim to determine the periorbital soft tissue anthropometric norms for Turkish young adults for right and left eyes using a noninvasive two-dimensional photogrammetric analysis. Anthropometric measurements of the periorbital soft tissue were taken from 172 female and 56 male Turkish adults aged between 18 and 24 years. The periorbital soft tissue profiles (ocular and palpebral) for males and females were digitally analyzed using linear measurements made with standardized photographic records, taken in a natural head position...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211179/what-do-patients-think-about-the-role-of-optometrists-in-providing-advice-about-smoking-and-nutrition
#2
Laura E Downie, Amanda Douglass, Daryl Guest, Peter R Keller
PURPOSE: Tobacco smoking and nutrition are key lifestyle factors with long-term effects on eye health. However, little is known about patients' perceptions and experiences in these areas in relation to the care received from optometrists. The main aim was to survey patients' perceptions and prior experience regarding the role of optometrists in enquiring and providing advice about tobacco smoking and nutrition. METHODS: An anonymous, paper-based survey was distributed to a convenience sample of 225 adults attending the University of Melbourne eye care clinic...
March 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162197/-influence-of-wearing-long-wavelength-filter-glasses-on-refractive-development-of-children-s-hyperopia
#3
J Huang, Z Q Yu, R Y Chu, Y S Qian, Y Xu, X Q Wang
Objective: To investigate the effect of wearing long wavelength filter glasses on refractive development of children's hyperopia. Methods: Case control study. Seventeen 5-7 years' old children with high hyperopia from optometry clinic of Eye and ENT Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University were enrolled in this research. The experiment design was self-control between right and left eye, 3 children were lost during two years' period of observation, all the children's hyperopic refraction were more than +6.00 D, cycloplegic by 1% atropine...
January 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161930/electronic-referrals-and-digital-imaging-systems-in-ophthalmology-a-global-perspective
#4
V Swetha E Jeganathan, H Nikki Hall, Roshini Sanders
Ophthalmology departments face intensifying pressure to expedite sight-saving treatments and reduce the global burden of disease. The use of electronic communication systems, digital imaging, and redesigned service care models is imperative for addressing such demands. The recently developed Scottish Eyecare Integration Project involves an electronic referral system from community optometry to the hospital ophthalmology department using National Health Service (NHS) email with digital ophthalmic images attached, via a virtual private network connection...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051985/eye-care-productivity-and-access-in-the-veterans-affairs-health-care-system
#5
Mary G Lynch, April Maa, William Delaune, Joel Chasan, Glenn C Cockerham
OBJECTIVES: Eye care in the Veterans Affairs Health Care System is challenged with increasing demand and higher prevalence of patients with complex ocular conditions. Understanding factors that impact eye care productivity and access is necessary for appropriate allocation of resources. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of various eye clinic personnel on eye care provider productivity and patient access. METHODS: Utilizing data from the Veterans Health Administration National Data Warehouse, workload and level of staffing were analyzed...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045850/construct-and-face-validity-of-the-eyesi-indirect-ophthalmoscope-simulator
#6
Jonathan Chou, Tova Kosowsky, Abhishek R Payal, Luis A Gonzalez Gonzalez, Mary K Daly
PURPOSE: To evaluate construct and face validity of the Eyesi Binocular Indirect Ophthalmoscope Simulator. METHODS: The performance of 25 medical students (Group A) was compared with that of 17 ophthalmology and optometry trainees (Group B) on the Eyesi Binocular Indirect Ophthalmoscope Simulator. During the course of a single session, each participant viewed an orientation module followed by an instruction session and a demonstration case, and performed 6 cases of progressively increasing difficulty (4 levels) and a 10-question face validity questionnaire...
December 29, 2016: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027193/brain-injury-vision-symptom-survey-bivss-questionnaire
#7
Hannu Laukkanen, Mitchell Scheiman, John R Hayes
PURPOSE: Validation of the Brain Injury Vision Symptom Survey (BIVSS), a self-administered survey for vision symptoms related to traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: A 28-item vision symptom questionnaire was completed by 107 adult subjects (mean age 42.1, 16.2 SD, range 18-75) who self-reported as having sustained mild-to-moderate TBI and two groups of reference adult subjects (first-year optometry students: mean age 23.2, 2.8 SD, range 20-39; and 71 third-year optometry students: mean age 26...
January 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854266/using-technology-bioinformatics-and-health-informatics-approaches-to-improve-learning-experiences-in-optometry-education-research-and-practice
#8
REVIEW
Vivek K Gupta, Veer B Gupta
Rapid advances in ocular diagnostic approaches and emerging links of pathological changes in the eye with systemic disorders have widened the scope of optometry as the front line of eye health care. Expanding professional requirements stipulate that optometry students get a meticulous training in relevant information and communication technologies (ICT) and various bioinformatics and health informatics software to meet current and future challenges. Greater incorporation of ICT approaches in optometry education can facilitate increased student engagement in shared learning experiences and improve collaborative learning...
November 15, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798000/multi-stakeholder-perspectives-of-locally-commissioned-enhanced-optometric-services
#9
H Baker, R A Harper, D F Edgar, J G Lawrenson
OBJECTIVES: To explore views of all stakeholders (patients, optometrists, general practitioners (GPs), commissioners and ophthalmologists) regarding the operation of community-based enhanced optometric services. DESIGN: Qualitative study using mixed methods (patient satisfaction surveys, semi-structured telephone interviews and optometrist focus groups). SETTING: A minor eye conditions scheme (MECS) and glaucoma referral refinement scheme (GRRS) provided by accredited community optometrists...
October 25, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797985/cost-effectiveness-of-community-versus-hospital-eye-service-follow-up-for-patients-with-quiescent-treated-age-related-macular-degeneration-alongside-the-echoes-randomised-trial
#10
M Violato, H Dakin, U Chakravarthy, B C Reeves, T Peto, R E Hogg, S P Harding, L J Scott, J Taylor, H Cappel-Porter, N Mills, D O'Reilly, C A Rogers, S Wordsworth
OBJECTIVES: To assess the cost-effectiveness of optometrist-led follow-up monitoring reviews for patients with quiescent neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) in community settings (including high street opticians) compared with ophthalmologist-led reviews in hospitals. DESIGN: A model-based cost-effectiveness analysis with a 4-week time horizon, based on a 'virtual' non-inferiority randomised trial designed to emulate a parallel group design. SETTING: A virtual internet-based clinical assessment, conducted at community optometry practices, and hospital ophthalmology clinics...
October 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796250/prevalence-of-diagnosed-ocular-disease-in-veterans-with-serious-mental-illness
#11
Osamah Saeedi, Hasan Ashraf, Marc Malouf, Eric P Slade, Deborah R Medoff, Lan Li, Julie Kreyenbuhl
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of diagnosed ocular disease and eye disease treatment between Veteran's Administration (VA) patients with and without serious mental illness (SMI). METHODS: Retrospective comparison of diagnosed ocular disease and treatment prevalence among patients with and without diagnosed SMI in fiscal year 2011 in the VA Capitol Health Care System (VISN 5). RESULTS: We identified 6462 VA patients with SMI and 137,933 without SMI...
November 2016: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729309/the-natural-history-of-corneal-topographic-progression-of-keratoconus-after-age-30%C3%A2-years-in-non-contact-lens-wearers
#12
Akilesh Gokul, Dipika V Patel, Grant A Watters, Charles N J McGhee
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To determine if significant progression of disease occurs in older, non-contact lens wearing, subjects with keratoconus and to identify potential predictive factors. METHODS: Clinical and computerised corneal topography records of subjects with keratoconus attending a specialist optometry practice were retrospectively analysed to identify those aged ≥30 years, with ≥2 consultations ≥12 months apart, no contact lens wear and no corneal scarring, surgery or corneal hydrops...
October 11, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697246/expanding-binocular-depth-of-focus-by-combining-monovision-with-diffractive-bifocal-intraocular-lenses
#13
Sowmya Ravikumar, Arthur Bradley, Shrikant Bharadwaj, Larry N Thibos
PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that binocular depth of field can be expanded while retaining high-quality vision at intermediate distances by combining anisometropia (monovision) and simultaneous vision bifocals. SETTING: School of Optometry, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, USA. DESIGN: Prospective research study. METHODS: A computational polychromatic model was used to simulate retinal images as seen through a pseudophakic eye with a diffractive bifocal for a range of target distances...
September 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668638/methods-to-develop-the-eye-tem-bank-to-measure-ophthalmic-quality-of-life
#14
Jyoti Khadka, Eva Fenwick, Ecosse Lamoureux, Konrad Pesudovs
PURPOSE: There is an increasing demand for high-standard, comprehensive, and reliable patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments in all the disciplines of health care including in ophthalmology and optometry. Over the past two decades, a plethora of PRO instruments have been developed to assess the impact of eye diseases and their treatments. Despite this large number of instruments, significant shortcomings exist for the measurement of ophthalmic quality of life (QoL). Most PRO instruments are short-form instruments designed for clinical use, but this limits their content coverage often poorly targeting any study population other than that which they were developed for...
December 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27564516/contact-lens-methods-for-clinical-myopia-control
#15
Philip Raey Kidd Turnbull, Oliver James Munro, John Robert Phillips
PURPOSE: A number of optical methods for slowing myopia progression have been tested and are now available. However, data on real-world use in clinical use is scarce. Here, we present a review of the clinical outcomes for patients attending a specialist myopia control clinic at The University of Auckland Optometry School, NZ. CASE SERIES: We report a comparative case series of 110 patients (aged 4-33 years, mean: 12.13 ± 4.58 years, 62% female) who attended the clinic between 2010 and 2014...
September 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552350/restoration-of-vision-after-brain-injury-using-magnet-glasses
#16
Kevin E Houston, Eleftherios I Pachalis, Danielle C Angueira, P Matthew Bronstad, Anna M Barrett, Mary Alexis Iaccarino
Visual impairments are common after traumatic brain injury (TBI) and negatively affect quality of life. We describe a 39-year-old woman with a severe TBI who was evaluated by the inpatient optometry and vision rehabilitation service with findings of complete right homonymous hemianopia and right cranial nerve III palsy with 30-degree right exotropia (eye turn out) and complete right ptosis (eyelid will not open). The 30-degree exotropia advantageously generated 30 degrees of right visual field expansion when the right ptosis was treated with a magnetic levator prosthesis, which restores eyelid opening...
August 22, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531297/agreement-of-corneal-measurements-between-dual-rotating-scheimpflug-placido-system-and-placido-based-topography-device-in-normal-and-keratoconus-eyes
#17
Sara Ortiz-Toquero, Virginia Zuñiga, Guadalupe Rodriguez, Victoria de Juan, Raul Martin
PURPOSE: To compare the anterior corneal measurements between Placido-based topography and dual-Scheimpflug topography in healthy and keratoconus eyes. SETTING: Optometry Research Group, Instituto Universitario de Oftalmobiología Aplicada, University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain. DESIGN: Comparative case series. METHODS: The mean simulated keratometry (K), flat K, steep K, astigmatism power, corneal astigmatism axis, J0, J45, maximum corneal power point, and white-to-white (WTW) distance were collected and compared between healthy eyes and keratoconus eyes...
August 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460724/comparison-of-the-visx-wavescan-and-opd-scan-iii-with-the-subjective-refraction
#18
R Zhu, K-L Long, X-M Wu, Q-D Li
OBJECTIVE: To compare the refractive errors measured by the VISX WaveScan, OPD-Scan III and the subjective refraction. The optometry accuracy of computer operated aberrometer used before refractive surgery has been debatable. Hence, a clear study on the role of such automated equipment in optometry is the need of the hour as compared to subjective refraction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventy-six patients (152 eyes) were recruited from January 2013 to December 2013...
July 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450910/signs-and-symptoms-of-dry-eye-in-keratoconus-patients-before-and-after-intrastromal-corneal-rings-surgery
#19
Gonzalo Carracedo, Alberto Recchioni, Nicolás Alejandre-Alba, Alba Martin-Gil, Laura Batres, Ignacio Jimenez-Alfaro Morote, Jesús Pintor
PURPOSE: Based on the relationship between keratoconus and dry eye, the aim of this study was to evaluate changes in signs and symptoms of dry eye in keratoconus patients before and after intrastromal corneal ring surgery. METHODS: Fifteen keratoconus patients were enrolled in Fundación Jiménez-Díaz of Madrid and University Clinic of Optometry of the Universidad Complutense de Madrid (Madrid, Spain). Tear break up time (TBUT), Schirmer test without anesthesia, corneal staining, diadenosine tetraphosphate (Ap4A) concentration, and ocular surface disease index (OSDI) were evaluated...
July 22, 2016: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27449314/disparities-in-access-to-anti-vegf-treatment-for-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration
#20
Robert P Finger, Jing Xie, Kathy Fotis, Sumit Parikh, Rob Cummins, Paul Mitchell, Robyn H Guymer
BACKGROUND: Late neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nvAMD) is very common and causes irreversible severe visual loss unless treated swiftly with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitors. Although publicly subsidized access to treatment may be inequitable, which is why we assessed treatment provision across Australia. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of Australian data PARTICIPANTS: All Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (incl. Repatriation PBS) beneficiaries METHODS: Treatment and incidence data were obtained from Medicare Australia, the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Ophthalmologists, Optometry Australia, the Blue Mountains Eye Study, and the Australian Bureau of Statistics...
July 23, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
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