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Eye optometry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346038/smartphone-applications-for-amblyopia-treatment-a-review-of-current-apps-and-professional-involvement
#1
Nabin Paudel
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to review games for amblyopia (lazy eye) that are commercially available in mobile applications (apps) stores and assess the involvement of eye care professionals in their development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Google play store and the Apple iTunes store were searched in July 2017 and updated in September 2017 for amblyopia games using the terms amblyopia, lazy eye, amblyopia therapy, lazy eye therapy, lazy eye exercises, amblyopia exercises, lazy eye games, and amblyopia games...
January 18, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135316/final-visual-outcomes-and-treatment-received-for-children-referred-from-a-uk-primary-school-visual-screening-program-a-comparison-of-an-orthoptic-led-program-with-orthoptic-delivered-services
#2
Tess Garretty
There is little published evidence relating to the final visual acuity of children who are identified as having reduced vision at a school screening program. The school vision screening program in Leeds (led by an orthoptist but delivered by health care support workers within the school nursing team) is examined. RESULTS: 7807 children were screened in school between November 1, 2013, and September 1, 2014. Of these, 319 (4%) failed the screen and were referred to the general optometry service and 547 (7%) were referred to the Children's Community Eye Service (CCES)...
November 14, 2017: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132193/impact-of-supervised-student-optometry-consultations-on-the-patient-experience
#3
Sharon A Bentley, Jane E Trevaskis, Craig A Woods, Daryl Guest, Kathleen G Watt
BACKGROUND: Understanding patient perceptions of having students involved in their clinical care is important as we strive to develop optimal models of care that integrate teaching with the best possible experience for the patient. The aim was to ascertain the impact of supervised optometry student consultations on the patient experience. METHODS: A survey comprising 45 questions was mailed to consecutive adult patients who had undergone a comprehensive eye examination at the Australian College of Optometry over a four-week period...
November 13, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093554/the-prevalence-of-double-eyelid-and-the-3d-measurement-of-orbital-soft-tissue-in-malays-and-chinese
#4
Ting Yin Lu, Kathreena Kadir, Wei Cheong Ngeow, Siti Adibah Othman
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of double eyelid among two main Mongoloid ethnicities, the Malays and Chinese who reside in Malaysia. We also measured their periorbital tissue parameters for application in anthropology, optometry, ophthalmology, oculoplastic surgery and maxillofacial trauma surgery. The images of the 103 Malay and 97 Chinese volunteers were captured using indirect 3D photogrammetry, and quantitative measurement was obtained using the software provided by the manufacturer. All Malays and 70...
November 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046180/aircrew-and-handheld-laser-exposure
#5
Kevin C Dietrich
BACKGROUND: Laser devices are ubiquitous in everyday operations. These devices pose a hazard to the eye and numerous injuries have been documented. However, there lies a misunderstanding in the propensity to damage aircrews' eyes during an exposure. Patient encounters and article review is presented in hopes to raise awareness that aircrew laser exposure at altitude, outside of critical phases of flight, is a distraction and not a threat. Also, to propose a change to Air Force policy regarding such exposures and further educating flight surgeons...
November 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044669/the-advantages-of-intermediate-tier-inter-optometric-referral-of-low-risk-pigmented-lesions
#6
Angelica Ly, Lisa Nivison-Smith, Michael Hennessy, Michael Kalloniatis
PURPOSE: Pigmented ocular lesions are commonly encountered by eye-care professionals, and range from benign to sight or life-threatening. After identifying a lesion, the primary care professional must establish the likely diagnosis and decide either to reassure, to monitor or to refer. The increasing use of ocular imaging technologies has contributed to an increase in the detection rate of pigmented lesions and a higher number of referrals, which may challenge existing pathways of health-care delivery...
November 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985410/distribution-of-optometric-practices-relative-to-deprivation-index-in-scotland
#7
Robin Legge, Niall C Strang, Gunter Loffler
Background: The UK National Health Service aims to provide universal availability of healthcare, and eye-care availability was a primary driver in the development of the Scottish General Ophthalmic Services (GOS) model. Accordingly, a relatively equal distribution of optometry practices across socio-economic areas is required. We examined practice distribution relative to deprivation. Methods: 672 practices were sampled from nine Health Boards within Scotland. Practices were assigned a deprivation ranking by referencing their postcode with the Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (SIMD) tool (Scottish Executive National Statistics: General Report...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933356/the-association-between-dietary-intake-of-antioxidants-and-ocular-disease
#8
Andrea Braakhuis, Ryan Raman, Ehsan Vaghefi
To assess the association between dietary antioxidant intake and the incidence of the three major oxidative stress-related eye diseases, cataracts, glaucoma, and age-related macular degeneration, 78 cases from the University of Auckland Optometry and Vision Science clinic and 149 controls were recruited. Participants completed an antioxidant food-frequency questionnaire, analysed through multiple logistic regression. Protective associations were identified with higher consumption of fruit and vegetables (OR = 0...
January 30, 2017: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903894/prototype-development-context-driven-dynamic-xml-ophthalmologic-data-capture-application
#9
Peggy Peissig, Kelsey M Schwei, Christopher Kadolph, Joseph Finamore, Efrain Cancel, Catherine A McCarty, Asha Okorie, Kate L Thomas, Jennifer Allen Pacheco, Jyotishman Pathak, Stephen B Ellis, Joshua C Denny, Luke V Rasmussen, Gerard Tromp, Marc S Williams, Tamara R Vrabec, Murray H Brilliant
BACKGROUND: The capture and integration of structured ophthalmologic data into electronic health records (EHRs) has historically been a challenge. However, the importance of this activity for patient care and research is critical. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop a prototype of a context-driven dynamic extensible markup language (XML) ophthalmologic data capture application for research and clinical care that could be easily integrated into an EHR system...
September 13, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606267/-comparison-of-two-kinds-of-artificial-tears-on-the-dry-eye-after-phacoemulsification
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
R You, J Wang, Y Han, L J Liu, W Y Wang
Objective: To compare the curative effect of two different artificial tears on dry eye after phacoemulsification. Methods: Prospective randomized controlled clinical trial. From March to June in 2012, 102 patients (102 eyes) with age-related cataract were treated with phacoemulsification at Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital University of Medical Sciences, and these eyes were randomly divided into blank group (group A ) 32 cases, treatment group 1 (group B) 35 cases and treatment group 2 (group C) 35 cases. Group A was treated with conventional antibiotics...
June 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546940/refractive-errors-among-children-adolescents-and-adults-attending-eye-clinics-in-mexico
#11
Francisco Gomez-Salazar, Abraham Campos-Romero, Humberto Gomez-Campaña, Cinthia Cruz-Zamudio, Mariano Chaidez-Felix, Nidia Leon-Sicairos, Jorge Velazquez-Roman, Hector Flores-Villaseñor, Secundino Muro-Amador, Alma Marlene Guadron-Llanos, Javier J Martinez-Garcia, Joel Murillo-Llanes, Jaime Sanchez-Cuen, Alejando Llausas-Vargas, Gerardo Alapizco-Castro, Ana Irineo-Cabrales, Enrique Graue-Hernandez, Tito Ramirez-Luquin, Adrian Canizalez-Roman
AIM: To assess the proportion of refractive errors in the Mexican population that visited primary care optometry clinics in fourteen states of Mexico. METHODS: Refractive data from 676 856 patients aged 6 to 90y were collected from optometry clinics in fourteen states of Mexico between 2014 and 2015. The refractive errors were classified by the spherical equivalent (SE), as follows: sphere+½ cylinder. Myopia (SE>-0.50 D), hyperopia (SE>+0.50 D), emmetropia (-0...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489721/tear-cytokine-levels-in-contact-lens-wearers-with-acanthamoeba-keratitis
#12
Nicole Carnt, Vicente M Montanez, Grazyna Galatowicz, Neyme Veli, Virginia Calder
PURPOSE: To determine differences in key tear film cytokines between mild and severe cases of acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) and control contact lens (CL) wearers. METHODS: This was a prospective study of CL wearers with AK attending Moorfields Eye Hospital and control CL wearers from the Institute of Optometry, London. Basal tear specimens were collected by 10-μL capillary tubes (BLAUBRAND intraMark, Wertheim, Germany), and tear protein levels were measured with a multiplex magnetic bead array (Luminex 100; Luminex Corporation, Austin, TX) for cytokines interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-17A, IL-17E, IL-17F, IL-22, and interferon gamma and with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (Abcam, Cambridge, United Kingdom) for CXCL2...
July 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470770/a-proposed-minimum-data-set-for-international-primary-care-optometry-a-modified-delphi-study
#13
Christopher J Davey, Sarah V Slade, Darren Shickle
PURPOSE: To identify a minimum list of metrics of international relevance to public health, research and service development which can be extracted from practice management systems and electronic patient records in primary optometric practice. METHODS: A two stage modified Delphi technique was used. Stage 1 categorised metrics that may be recorded as being part of a primary eye examination by their importance to research using the results from a previous survey of 40 vision science and public health academics...
July 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407009/treatment-coverage-rates-for-refractive-error-in-the-national-eye-health-survey
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Joshua Foreman, Jing Xie, Stuart Keel, Hugh R Taylor, Mohamed Dirani
OBJECTIVE: To present treatment coverage rates and risk factors associated with uncorrected refractive error in Australia. METHODS: Thirty population clusters were randomly selected from all geographic remoteness strata in Australia to provide samples of 1738 Indigenous Australians aged 40 years and older and 3098 non-Indigenous Australians aged 50 years and older. Presenting visual acuity was measured and those with vision loss (worse than 6/12) underwent pinhole testing and hand-held auto-refraction...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295595/optometry-australia-scope-of-practice-survey-2015
#15
Patricia M Kiely, Skye Cappuccio, Ellen McIntyre
BACKGROUND: This paper presents results from the inaugural Scope of Practice Survey of Optometry Australia members conducted in October 2015. The survey gathered information related to confidence in detecting and diagnosing key ocular conditions, grading diabetic retinopathy, prescribing scheduled medicines, access to equipment, confidence using equipment, incidence of patients requiring therapeutic management, referral practices and services provided. METHODS: The survey was developed, piloted, modified and administered to members of Optometry Australia (excluding student and retired members), who had a current email address...
May 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212130/periorbital-soft-tissue-anthropometric-analysis-of-young-adults
#16
Turan Ozdemir, Fatma Ezgi Can, Sefa Isiklar, Ilker Ercan, Nedim Simsek Cankur
The authors aim to determine the periorbital soft tissue anthropometric norms for Turkish young adults for right and left eyes using a noninvasive two-dimensional photogrammetric analysis. Anthropometric measurements of the periorbital soft tissue were taken from 172 female and 56 male Turkish adults aged between 18 and 24 years. The periorbital soft tissue profiles (ocular and palpebral) for males and females were digitally analyzed using linear measurements made with standardized photographic records, taken in a natural head position...
June 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211179/what-do-patients-think-about-the-role-of-optometrists-in-providing-advice-about-smoking-and-nutrition
#17
Laura E Downie, Amanda Douglass, Daryl Guest, Peter R Keller
PURPOSE: Tobacco smoking and nutrition are key lifestyle factors with long-term effects on eye health. However, little is known about patients' perceptions and experiences in these areas in relation to the care received from optometrists. The main aim was to survey patients' perceptions and prior experience regarding the role of optometrists in enquiring and providing advice about tobacco smoking and nutrition. METHODS: An anonymous, paper-based survey was distributed to a convenience sample of 225 adults attending the University of Melbourne eye care clinic...
March 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162197/-influence-of-wearing-long-wavelength-filter-glasses-on-refractive-development-of-children-s-hyperopia
#18
J Huang, Z Q Yu, R Y Chu, Y S Qian, Y Xu, X Q Wang
Objective: To investigate the effect of wearing long wavelength filter glasses on refractive development of children's hyperopia. Methods: Case control study. Seventeen 5-7 years' old children with high hyperopia from optometry clinic of Eye and ENT Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University were enrolled in this research. The experiment design was self-control between right and left eye, 3 children were lost during two years' period of observation, all the children's hyperopic refraction were more than +6.00 D, cycloplegic by 1% atropine...
January 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161930/electronic-referrals-and-digital-imaging-systems-in-ophthalmology-a-global-perspective
#19
V Swetha E Jeganathan, H Nikki Hall, Roshini Sanders
Ophthalmology departments face intensifying pressure to expedite sight-saving treatments and reduce the global burden of disease. The use of electronic communication systems, digital imaging, and redesigned service care models is imperative for addressing such demands. The recently developed Scottish Eyecare Integration Project involves an electronic referral system from community optometry to the hospital ophthalmology department using National Health Service (NHS) email with digital ophthalmic images attached, via a virtual private network connection...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051985/eye-care-productivity-and-access-in-the-veterans-affairs-health-care-system
#20
Mary G Lynch, April Maa, William Delaune, Joel Chasan, Glenn C Cockerham
OBJECTIVES: Eye care in the Veterans Affairs Health Care System is challenged with increasing demand and higher prevalence of patients with complex ocular conditions. Understanding factors that impact eye care productivity and access is necessary for appropriate allocation of resources. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of various eye clinic personnel on eye care provider productivity and patient access. METHODS: Utilizing data from the Veterans Health Administration National Data Warehouse, workload and level of staffing were analyzed...
January 2017: Military Medicine
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