keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nepal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684022/open-label-comparative-trial-of-mono-versus-dual-antibiotic-therapy-for-typhoid-fever-in-adults
#1
Niv Zmora, Sudeep Shrestha, Ami Neuberger, Yael Paran, Rajendra Tamrakar, Ashish Shrestha, Surendra K Madhup, T R S Bedi, Rajendra Koju, Eli Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Emerging resistance to antibiotics renders therapy of Typhoid Fever (TF) increasingly challenging. The current single-drug regimens exhibit prolonged fever clearance time (FCT), imposing a great burden on both patients and health systems, and potentially contributing to the development of antibiotic resistance and the chronic carriage of the pathogens. The aim of our study was to assess the efficacy of combining third-generation cephalosporin therapy with azithromycin on the outcomes of TF in patients living in an endemic region...
April 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684021/laboratory-and-molecular-surveillance-of-paediatric-typhoidal-salmonella-in-nepal-antimicrobial-resistance-and-implications-for-vaccine-policy
#2
Carl D Britto, Zoe A Dyson, Sebastian Duchene, Michael J Carter, Meeru Gurung, Dominic F Kelly, David R Murdoch, Imran Ansari, Stephen Thorson, Shrijana Shrestha, Neelam Adhikari, Gordon Dougan, Kathryn E Holt, Andrew J Pollard
BACKGROUND: Children are substantially affected by enteric fever in most settings with a high burden of the disease, including Nepal. However pathogen population structure and transmission dynamics are poorly delineated in young children, the proposed target group for immunization programs. Here we present whole genome sequencing and antimicrobial susceptibility data on 198 S. Typhi and 66 S. Paratyphi A isolated from children aged 2 months to 15 years of age during blood culture surveillance at Patan Hospital, Nepal, 2008-2016...
April 23, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679435/validation-of-host-specific-bacteroidales-quantitative-pcr-assays-and-their-application-to-microbial-source-tracking-of-drinking-water-sources-in-the-kathmandu-valley-nepal
#3
Bikash Malla, Rajani Ghaju Shrestha, Sarmila Tandukar, Dinesh Bhandari, Daisuke Inoue, Kazunari Sei, Yasuhiro Tanaka, Jeevan B Sherchand, Eiji Haramoto
AIMS: To validate host-specific Bacteroidales assays to identify faecal-source contamination of drinking water sources in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 54 composite faecal-source samples were collected from human sewage, ruminants, pigs, dogs, chickens, and ducks, which were analyzed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction using human-specific (BacHum, HF183 SYBR, gyrB, and HF183 TaqMan), ruminant-specific (BacCow and BacR), pig-specific (Pig2Bac and PF163), and dog-specific assays (BacCan SYBR)...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676809/prevalence-of-maternal-birth-trauma-in-nepali-women
#4
Friyan Turel, Delena Caagbay, Hans Peter Dietz
OBJECTIVES: Pelvic organ prolapse is very common among women in Nepal, especially uterine prolapse. This would suggest a high rate of levator trauma, which is a strong predictor of such prolapse in the Western world. Hence, we decided to study the prevalence of maternal birth trauma in Nepali women. METHODS: In November 2016, we offered an interview, clinical examination, and 4-dimensional translabial sonography to women attending a gynecology clinic. Of 129 women seen, 5 were excluded due to previous pelvic surgery...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675863/effectiveness-of-lockouts-in-reducing-alcohol-related-harm-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Smriti Nepal, Kypros Kypri, Kirrilly Pursey, John Attia, Tanya Chikritzhs, Peter Miller
ISSUES: Australian jurisdictions have introduced lockouts to prevent alcohol-related violence. Lockouts prohibit patrons from entering licensed premises after a designated time while allowing sale and consumption of alcohol to continue. Their purposes include managing the movement of intoxicated patrons, and preventing violence and disorder by dispersing times that patrons leave premises. We sought to evaluate the effectiveness of lockouts in preventing alcohol-related harm. APPROACH: We systematically searched electronic databases and reference lists and asked authors to identify relevant studies published to 1 June 2017...
April 19, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672538/spatio-temporal-patterns-of-attacks-on-human-and-economic-losses-from-wildlife-in-chitwan-national-park-nepal
#6
Babu Ram Lamichhane, Gerard A Persoon, Herwig Leirs, Shashank Poudel, Naresh Subedi, Chiranjibi Prasad Pokheral, Santosh Bhattarai, Bishnu Prasad Thapaliya, Hans H de Iongh
Wildlife attacks on humans and economic losses often result in reduced support of local communities for wildlife conservation. Information on spatial and temporal patterns of such losses in the highly affected areas contribute in designing and implementing effective mitigation measures. We analyzed the loss of humans, livestock and property caused by wildlife during 1998 to 2016, using victim family's reports to Chitwan National Park authorities and Buffer Zone User Committees. A total of 4,014 incidents were recorded including attacks on humans, livestock depredation, property damage and crop raiding caused by 12 wildlife species...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671332/spatiotemporal-distribution-and-geospatial-diffusion-patterns-of-2013-dengue-outbreak-in-jhapa-district-nepal
#7
Bipin Kumar Acharya, Chunxiang Cao, Min Xu, Wei Chen, Shreejana Pandit
This study describes spatiotemporal distribution and geospatial diffusion patterns of dengue outbreak of 2013 in Jhapa district, Nepal. Laboratory-confirmed dengue cases were collected from the District Public Health Office, Government of Nepal. Choropleth mapping technique, Global Moran's Index, SaTScan, and standard deviational ellipse were used to map and quantify the outbreak dynamics. The results revealed heterogeneous distribution and globally autocorrelated patterns. Local clusters were observed in 3 major urban centers...
April 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670804/blood-transfusion-practice-among-healthcare-personnel-in-nepal-an-observational-study
#8
Abja Sapkota, Sabitra Poudel, Arun Sedhain, Niru Khatiwada
Background: The complications associated with errors in transfusion practice can be minimized by assessing transfusion practices. In Nepal, there is no standard protocol on blood transfusion. So, this study was conducted with an aim to assess the blood transfusion practice among healthcare personnel. Methods: A descriptive observational study was conducted in two tertiary hospitals in Kathmandu, Nepal, over a period of 10 months. Bedside blood transfusion procedures were observed using structured checklist...
2018: Journal of Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668933/the-human-clone-st22-sccmec-iv-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-isolated-from-swine-herds-and-wild-primates-in-nepal-is-man-the-common-source
#9
Marilyn C Roberts, Prabhu Raj Joshi, Alexander L Greninger, Daira Melendez, Saroj Paudel, Mahesh Acharya, Nabin Kishor Bimali, Narayan P Koju, David No, Mukesh Chalise, Randall C Kyes
Swine nasal samples [n = 282] were collected from 12 randomly selected farms around Kathmandu, Nepal, from healthy animals. In addition, wild monkey (Macaca mulatta) saliva samples [n = 59] were collected near temples areas in Kathmandu using a non-invasive sampling technique. All samples were processed for MRSA using standardized selective media and conventional biochemical tests. MRSA verification was done and isolates characterized by SCCmec, multilocus sequence typing, whole genome sequencing [WGS] and antibiotic susceptibilities...
May 1, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668900/burden-and-risk-factors-for-coronavirus-infections-in-infants-in-rural-nepal
#10
S M Iftekhar Uddin, Janet A Englund, Jane Kuypers, Helen Y Chu, Mark C Steinhoff, Subarna K Khatry, Steve C LeClerq, James M Tielsch, Luke C Mullany, Laxman Shrestha, Joanne Katz
Background: Knowledge of risk factors for symptomatic human coronavirus (HCoV) infections in children in community settings is limited. We estimated the disease burden and impact of birth-related, maternal, household and seasonal factors on HCoV infections among children from birth to six months old in rural Nepal. Methods: Prospective, active, weekly surveillance for acute respiratory illnesses (ARI) was conducted in infants over a period of 3 years during two consecutive, population-based randomized trials of maternal influenza immunization...
April 16, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667569/ethnic-and-age-differences-in-prediction-of-mortality-by-mid-upper-arm-circumference-in-children-below-3-years-of-age-in-nepal
#11
Avni Gupta, James M Tielsch, Subarna K Khatry, Steven C LeClerq, Luke C Mullany, Joanne Katz
OBJECTIVE: To assess ethnicity- and age-modified associations between mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) and mortality in Nepalese children and whether sociodemographic factors explain these associations. DESIGN: Secondary data analysis of children followed until 3 years of age. Estimated mortality hazard ratios (HR) for MUAC<11·5cm (recommended cut-off for identifying severe acute malnutrition among children ≥6 months old) compared with ≥11·5cm in younger (<6 months) and older children (≥6 months) of Pahadi and Madhesi ethnicity, adjusting for sex, socio-economic status (SES) and mother's education using Cox proportional hazard models...
April 18, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665504/qualitative-evaluation-of-mental-health-training-of-auxiliary-nurse-midwives-in-rural-nepal
#12
Preeti K Mahato, Edwin van Teijlingen, Padam Simkhada, Catherine Angell, Jillian Ireland
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Mental illness is increasingly recognized as a global health problem. However, in many countries, including Nepal, it is difficult to talk about mental health problems due to the stigma associated with it. Hence a training programme was developed to train auxiliary nurse midwives, who otherwise are not trained in mental health as part of their pre-registration training in rural Nepal, on issues related to maternal mental health. After the training programme a selection of auxiliary nurse midwives were interviewed to establish their views on the training, its usefulness and ways to improve it...
April 2, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663510/differences-in-prevalence-of-diabetes-among-immigrants-to-canada-from-south-asian-countries
#13
A T Banerjee, B R Shah
AIMS: The prevalence of diabetes is high in South Asians migrants. However, most previous research has studied South Asians as a collective whole. The aim of this study was to examine diabetes prevalence among immigrants from five South Asian countries living in Ontario, Canada. METHODS: Population-based health care and immigration databases were used to compare crude and adjusted diabetes prevalence on 1 January 2012 between immigrants to Ontario from different South Asians countries and the non-immigrant population...
April 16, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662698/not-just-a-number-examining-coverage-and-content-of-antenatal-care-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#14
Lenka Benova, Özge Tunçalp, Allisyn C Moran, Oona Maeve Renee Campbell
Introduction: Antenatal care (ANC) provides a critical opportunity for women and babies to benefit from good-quality maternal care. Using 10 countries as an illustrative analysis, we described ANC coverage (number of visits and timing of first visit) and operationalised indicators for content of care as available in population surveys, and examined how these two approaches are related. Methods: We used the most recent Demographic and Health Survey to analyse ANC related to women's most recent live birth up to 3 years preceding the survey...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661161/absolute-income-is-a-better-predictor-of-coverage-by-skilled-birth-attendance-than-relative-wealth-quintiles-in-a-multicountry-analysis-comparison-of-100-low-and-middle-income-countries
#15
Gary Joseph, Inácio C M da Silva, Günther Fink, Aluisio J D Barros, Cesar G Victora
BACKGROUND: Having high-quality data available by 2020, disaggregated by income, is one of the Sustainable Development Goals (SGD). We explored how well coverage with skilled birth attendance (SBA) is predicted by asset-based wealth quintiles and by absolute income. METHODS: We used data from 293 national surveys conducted in 100 low and middle-income countries (LMICs) from 1991 to 2014. Data on household income were computed using national income levels and income inequality data available from the World Bank and the Standardized World Income Inequality Database...
April 16, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651669/hpv-screening-and-vaccination-strategies-in-an-unscreened-population-a-mathematical-modeling-study
#16
Rachael M Milwid, Federico Frascoli, Marc Steben, Jane M Heffernan
Human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection, is the necessary cause of cervical cancer, the third most common cancer affecting women worldwide. Prevention and control strategies include vaccination, screening, and treatment. While HPV prevention and control efforts are important worldwide, they are especially important in low-income areas with a high infection rate or high rate of cervical cancer. This study uses mathematical modeling to explore various vaccination and treatment strategies to control for HPV and cervical cancer while using Nepal as a case study...
April 12, 2018: Bulletin of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651371/tenecteplase-versus-alteplase-for-the-management-of-acute-ischemic-stroke-in-a-low-income-country-nepal-cost-efficacy-and-safety
#17
REVIEW
Gaurav Nepal, Ghanshyam Kharel, Shaik Tanveer Ahamad, Babin Basnet
Intravenous alteplase is the only approved treatment for acute ischemic stroke. Tenecteplase, a genetically engineered, mutant tissue plasminogen activator, is an alternative thrombolytic agent. The economic feasibility of stroke treatment has been a matter of huge debate and discussion thus far. The use of thrombolytics for the management of ischemic stroke has recently begun in Nepal. In low-income countries like Nepal, where the per capita income falls at just $691.7 and 25.2% of the population are under the poverty line, stroke patients cannot meet treatment expenses...
February 9, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642962/leishmaniasis-current-challenges-and-prospects-for-elimination-with-special-focus-on-the-south-asian-region
#18
Nadira D Karunaweera, Marcelo U Ferreira
SUMMARYLeishmania donovani, the most virulent species of Leishmania, is found in the South Asian region that harbours the majority of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) cases in the world. The traditionally accepted relationships between the causative species of Leishmania and the resultant disease phenotype have been challenged during recent years and have underscored the importance of revisiting the previously established taxonomy with revisions to its classification. The weak voice of the afflicted with decades of neglect by scientists and policy makers have led to the miserably inadequate and slow advancements in product development in the fields of diagnostics, chemotherapeutics and vector control that continue to hinder the effective management and control of this infection...
April 12, 2018: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642411/presence-of-human-enteric-viruses-protozoa-and-indicators-of-pathogens-in-the-bagmati-river-nepal
#19
Sarmila Tandukar, Jeevan B Sherchand, Dinesh Bhandari, Samendra P Sherchan, Bikash Malla, Rajani Ghaju Shrestha, Eiji Haramoto
Quantification of waterborne pathogens in water sources is essential for alerting the community about health hazards. This study determined the presence of human enteric viruses and protozoa in the Bagmati River, Nepal, and detected fecal indicator bacteria (total coliforms, Escherichia coli , and Enterococcus spp.), human-fecal markers (human Bacteroidales and JC and BK polyomaviruses), and index viruses (tobacco mosaic virus and pepper mild mottle virus). During a one-year period between October 2015 and September 2016, a total of 18 surface water samples were collected periodically from three sites along the river...
April 6, 2018: Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627969/learning-approaches-among-the-pre-clinical-medical-students-at-trinity-school-of-medicine-st-vincent-and-the-grenadines-and-its-academic-significance
#20
Keshab Raj Paudel, Hari Prasad Nepal, Binu Shrestha, Raju Panta, Stephen Toth
Purpose: Different students may adopt different learning approaches, namely deep and surface. This study was aimed to find out the learning strategies of medical students at Trinity School of Medicine and observe a correlation between deep learning approach and academic scores of the students. Methods: The study was a questionnaire-based cross-sectional observational study. One hundred sixty nine medical students in the basic science years of training were included in the study after giving informed consent...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
keyword
keyword
13976
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"