keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nepal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102907/global-lessons-from-successful-rhinoceros-conservation-in-nepal
#1
Achyut Aryal, Krishna Prasad Acharya, Uttam Babu Shrestha, Maheshwar Dhakal, David Raubenhiemer, Wendy Wright
Global populations of rhinoceros have declined alarmingly, from about 500,000 at the beginning of the 20(th) century to 29,000 in 2016, largely due to an escalation of poaching for rhinoceros horn (Traffic 2016; Biggs et al. 2013). The current global rhino population is comprised of three Asian Species and two African species, the latter located in South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Namibia and Zimbabwe,. In Africa, the Southern white rhinoceros population is estimated at 20,700; and there are estimated to be around 4,885 black rhinoceros...
January 19, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100226/multidimensional-poverty-and-catastrophic-health-spending-in-the-mountainous-regions-of-myanmar-nepal-and-india
#2
Sanjay K Mohanty, Nand Kishor Agrawal, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Dhrupad Choudhury, Sabarnee Tuladhar, E Valdemar Holmgren
BACKGROUND: Economic burden to households due to out-of-pocket expenditure (OOPE) is large in many Asian countries. Though studies suggest increasing household poverty due to high OOPE in developing countries, studies on association of multidimensional poverty and household health spending is limited. This paper tests the hypothesis that the multidimensionally poor are more likely to incur catastrophic health spending cutting across countries. DATA AND METHODS: Data from the Poverty and Vulnerability Assessment (PVA) Survey carried out by the International Center for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) has been used in the analyses...
January 18, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099682/feasibility-of-using-pessaries-for-treatment-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-in-rural-nepal
#3
Magali Robert, A Jane Govan, Uma Lohani, Aruna Uprety
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the acceptability, feasibility, and outcomes of pessary fitting in rural Nepali communities. METHODS: A 1-year prospective cohort study was conducted in the Ramechhap district of Nepal in January 2013-January 2014 among women attending a free gynecology health camp. All women with symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse (POP) were offered ring pessaries. Demographic information was collected and questionnaires on POP were completed. A urogynecologic examination was performed...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099475/development-of-a-patient-centred-psychosocial-support-intervention-for-multi-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-mdr-tb-care-in-nepal
#4
Sudeepa Khanal, Helen Elsey, Rebecca King, Sushil C Baral, Bharat Raj Bhatta, James N Newell
Multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) poses a major threat to public health worldwide, particularly in low-income countries. The current long (20 month) and arduous treatment regime uses powerful drugs with side-effects that include mental ill-health. It has a high loss-to-follow-up (25%) and higher case fatality and lower cure-rates than those with drug sensitive tuberculosis (TB). While some national TB programmes provide small financial allowances to patients, other aspects of psychosocial ill-health, including iatrogenic ones, are not routinely assessed or addressed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096977/high-rates-of-multidrug-resistance-among-uropathogenic-escherichia-coli-in-children-and-analyses-of-esbl-producers-from-nepal
#5
Narayan Prasad Parajuli, Pooja Maharjan, Hridaya Parajuli, Govardhan Joshi, Deliya Paudel, Sujan Sayami, Puspa Raj Khanal
BACKGROUND: Emergence of Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing Escherichia coli causing urinary tract infections (UTI) among pediatric patients is an increasing problem worldwide. However, very little is known about pediatric urinary tract infections and antimicrobial resistance trend from Nepal. This study was conducted to assess the current antibiotic resistance rate and ESBL production among uropathogenic Escherichia coli in pediatric patients of a tertiary care teaching hospital of Nepal...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096416/infrastructure-mitigates-the-sensitivity-of-child-growth-to-local-agriculture-and-rainfall-in-nepal-and-uganda
#6
Gerald E Shively
This paper investigates linear growth and weight gain among 11,946 children below the age of 5 y in Nepal and Uganda, testing the hypothesis that child growth is sensitive to precipitation during key periods in a child's early life. The paper also tests the importance of the economic and physical environments in which children reside. Outcomes are not completely explained by agricultural performance or the observed characteristics of children or their households. Associations between height-for-age z-score (HAZ) and weight-for-height z-score (WHZ) and rainfall are generally positive, but patterns are heterogeneous...
January 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094204/microbial-contamination-of-drinking-water-from-risky-tubewells-situated-in-different-hydrological-regions-of-bangladesh
#7
Nepal C Dey, Mahmood Parvez, Digbijoy Dey, Ratnajit Saha, Lucky Ghose, Milan K Barua, Akramul Islam, Mushtaque R Chowdhury
This study, conducted in 40 selected upazilas covering four hydrological regions of Bangladesh, aimed at determining the risk of selected shallow tubewells (depth<30m) used for drinking purpose (n=26,229). This was based on WHO's sanitary inspection guidelines and identifying the association of sanitary inspection indicators and risk scores with microbiological contamination of shallow tubewells. The main objective of the study was to observe the seasonal and regional differences of microbial contamination and finally reaching a conclusion about safe distance between tubewells and latrines by comparing the contamination of two tubewell categories (category-1: distance ≤10m from nearest latrine; n=80 and category 2: distances 11-20m from nearest latrine; n=80) in different geographical contexts...
December 29, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090496/steps-taken-to-alleviate-under-reporting-of-transfusion-reactions-at-a-public-sector-hospital-in-pakistan
#8
Anila Rashid, Mohammad Akbar Agha, Saima Minhas, Bipin Nepal, Nadeem Nusrat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Blood Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088202/association-between-depression-and-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-among-adults-in-south-asia
#9
Ghose Bishwajit, Daniel Peter O'Leary, Sharmistha Ghosh, Yaya Sanni, Tang Shangfeng, Feng Zhanchun
BACKGROUND: In recent years there has been a growing research interest regarding the impact of dietary behaviour on mental health outcomes. The present study aimed to investigate the association between fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption and depression in three south Asian countries- Bangladesh, India and Nepal. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were obtained from World Health Survey of WHO conducted during 2002-04. In total 14,133 adult subjects (Bangladesh 3262, India 7594, Nepal 3277) aged 18 years and above were included in the study...
January 14, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088173/high-risk-human-papillomavirus-infection-and-abnormal-cervical-cytology-among-nepali-and-bhutanese-refugee-women-living-in-eastern-nepal
#10
Madhav P Bhatta, Derek C Johnson, Mingma Lama, Shilu Aryal, Pema Lhaki, Sadeep Shrestha
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer morbidity and mortality among women in Nepal and Bhutan. Data on high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infection and cervical abnormalities among Nepali and Bhutanese women are sparse. The objectives of this study were to assess and compare the prevalence of HR-HPV infection and cervical abnormalities among Nepali and Bhutanese women living in Jhapa District in eastern Nepal; and examine the risk factors for HR-HPV infection and cervical abnormalities in those women...
January 14, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086925/partnerships-in-mental-healthcare-service-delivery-in-low-resource-settings-developing-an-innovative-network-in-rural-nepal
#11
Bibhav Acharya, Duncan Maru, Ryan Schwarz, David Citrin, Jasmine Tenpa, Soniya Hirachan, Madhur Basnet, Poshan Thapa, Sikhar Swar, Scott Halliday, Brandon Kohrt, Nagendra P Luitel, Erick Hung, Bikash Gauchan, Rajeev Pokharel, Maria Ekstrand
BACKGROUND: Mental illnesses are the largest contributors to the global burden of non-communicable diseases. However, there is extremely limited access to high quality, culturally-sensitive, and contextually-appropriate mental healthcare services. This situation persists despite the availability of interventions with proven efficacy to improve patient outcomes. A partnerships network is necessary for successful program adaptation and implementation. PARTNERSHIPS NETWORK: We describe our partnerships network as a case example that addresses challenges in delivering mental healthcare and which can serve as a model for similar settings...
January 13, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086857/evaluating-a-multicomponent-social-behaviour-change-communication-strategy-to-reduce-intimate-partner-violence-among-married-couples-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial-in-nepal
#12
Cari Jo Clark, Rachael A Spencer, Binita Shrestha, Gemma Ferguson, J Michael Oakes, Jhumka Gupta
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health issue that affects 1 in 3 women globally and a similarly large number of women in Nepal. Over the past decade, important policy and programmatic steps have been taken to address violence against women in Nepal. There remains a dearth of evidence on the effectiveness of primary violence prevention strategies. The Change Starts at Home study begins to fill this gap by utilizing a multi-component social behaviour change communication (SBCC) strategy involving a radio drama and community mobilization to shift attitudes, norms and behaviours that underpin IPV perpetration in Nepal...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081227/diagnostic-accuracy-of-genexpert-mtb-rif-assay-in-comparison-to-conventional-drug-susceptibility-testing-method-for-the-diagnosis-of-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis
#13
Pratikshya Pandey, Narayan Dutt Pant, Komal Raj Rijal, Bhawana Shrestha, Sirita Kattel, Megha Raj Banjara, Bhagwan Maharjan, Rajendra Kc
Xpert MTB/RIF assay is regarded as a great achievement of modern medicine for the rapid diagnosis of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). The main purpose of this study was to determine the performance of Xpert MTB/RIF assay compared to conventional drug susceptibility testing (DST) method for the diagnosis of MDR-TB. A comparative cross sectional study was carried out at German-Nepal Tuberculosis Project, Kathmandu, Nepal, from April 2014 to September 2014. A total of 88 culture positive clinical samples (83 pulmonary and 5 extra-pulmonary) received during the study period were analyzed for detection of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis by both GeneXpert MTB/RIF assay and conventional DST method...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078948/care-seeking-for-children-with-fever-cough-or-diarrhoea-in-nepal-equity-trends-over-the-last-15-years
#14
Mats Målqvist, Chahana Singh, Ashish Kc
AIMS: Childhood illnesses such as diarrhoea and pneumonia remain major contributors to child mortality globally and need to be continually targeted in pursuit of universal health coverage. This study analyses time trends in the prevalence of fever/cough and diarrhoea in Nepal and applies an equity lens in order to identify disadvantaged groups. METHODS: Data from the Nepal Demographic Health Surveys of 2001, 2006, and 2011, together with data from the most recent Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey of 2014 performed in Nepal, were utilized for analysis...
January 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078117/effect-of-gender-on-psychosocial-adjustment-of-colorectal-cancer-survivors-with-ostomy
#15
Sital Gautam, Anju Poudel
BACKGROUND: Stoma can pose extensive challenges for colorectal cancer survivors. Identifying the psychological and social adjustment among them and how it differs by gender will aid in identifying those particularly at risk of having poor adjustment and in planning programs to improve their adjustment. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of gender on psychosocial adjustment of colorectal cancer survivors with ostomy. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional study was carried out in the stoma clinic of B...
December 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073985/population-based-pertussis-incidence-and-risk-factors-in-infants-less-than-6-months-in-nepal
#16
Michelle M Hughes, Janet A Englund, Jane Kuypers, James M Tielsch, Subarna K Khatry, Laxman Shrestha, Steven C LeClerq, Mark Steinhoff, Joanne Katz
BACKGROUND: Pertussis is estimated to cause 2 percent of childhood deaths globally and is a growing public health problem in developed countries despite high vaccination coverage. Infants are at greatest risk of morbidity and mortality. Maternal vaccination during pregnancy may be effective to prevent pertussis in young infants, but population-based estimates of disease burden in infants are lacking, particularly in low-income countries. The objective of this study was to estimate the incidence of pertussis in infants less than 6 months of age in Sarlahi District, Nepal...
January 10, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070217/health-systems-context-s-for-integrating-mental-health-into-primary-health-care-in-six-emerald-countries-a-situation-analysis
#17
REVIEW
James Mugisha, Jibril Abdulmalik, Charlotte Hanlon, Inge Petersen, Crick Lund, Nawaraj Upadhaya, Shalini Ahuja, Rahul Shidhaye, Ntokozo Mntambo, Atalay Alem, Oye Gureje, Fred Kigozi
BACKGROUND: Mental, neurological and substance use disorders contribute to a significant proportion of the world's disease burden, including in low and middle income countries (LMICs). In this study, we focused on the health systems required to support integration of mental health into primary health care (PHC) in Ethiopia, India, Nepal, Nigeria, South Africa and Uganda. METHODS: A checklist guided by the World Health Organization Assessment Instrument for Mental Health Systems (WHO-AIMS) was developed and was used for data collection in each of the six countries participating in the Emerging mental health systems in low and middle-income countries (Emerald) research consortium...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068969/factors-associated-with-infant-mortality-in-nepal-a-comparative-analysis-of-nepal-demographic-and-health-surveys-ndhs-2006-and-2011
#18
Reeta Lamichhane, Yun Zhao, Susan Paudel, Emmanuel O Adewuyi
BACKGROUND: Infant mortality is one of the priority public health issues in developing countries like Nepal. The infant mortality rate (IMR) was 48 and 46 per 1000 live births for the year 2006 and 2011, respectively, a slight reduction during the 5 years' period. A comprehensive analysis that has identified and compared key factors associated with infant mortality is limited in Nepal, and, therefore, this study aims to fill the gap. METHODS: Datasets from Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys (NDHS) 2006 and 2011 were used to identify and compare the major factors associated with infant mortality...
January 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065208/mental-health-and-psychosocial-problems-in-the-aftermath-of-the-nepal-earthquakes-findings-from-a-representative-cluster-sample-survey
#19
J C Kane, N P Luitel, M J D Jordans, B A Kohrt, I Weissbecker, W A Tol
AIMS: Two large earthquakes in 2015 caused widespread destruction in Nepal. This study aimed to examine frequency of common mental health and psychosocial problems and their correlates following the earthquakes. METHODS: A stratified multi-stage cluster sampling design was employed to randomly select 513 participants (aged 16 and above) from three earthquake-affected districts in Nepal: Kathmandu, Gorkha and Sindhupalchowk, 4 months after the second earthquake. Outcomes were selected based on qualitative preparatory research and included symptoms of depression and anxiety (Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25); post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD Checklist-Civilian); hazardous alcohol use (AUDIT-C); symptoms indicating severe psychological distress (WHO-UNHCR Assessment Schedule of Serious Symptoms in Humanitarian Settings (WASSS)); suicidal ideation (Composite International Diagnostic Interview); perceived needs (Humanitarian Emergency Settings Perceived Needs Scale (HESPER)); and functional impairment (locally developed scale)...
January 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058772/suaahara-in-nepal-an-at-scale-multi-sectoral-nutrition-program-influences-knowledge-and-practices-while-enhancing-equity
#20
Kenda Cunningham, Akriti Singh, Pooja Pandey Rana, Laura Brye, Bindu Gautam, Karin Lapping, Silvia Alayon, Carol Underwood, Rolf D W Klemm
The burden of undernutrition in South Asia is greater than anywhere else. Policies and programmatic efforts increasingly address health and non-health determinants of undernutrition. In Nepal, one large-scale integrated nutrition program, Suaahara, aimed to reduce undernutrition among women and children in the 1,000-day period, while simultaneously addressing inequities. In this study, we use household-level process evaluation data (N = 480) to assess levels of exposure to program inputs and levels of knowledge and practices related to health, nutrition, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH)...
January 6, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
keyword
keyword
13976
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"