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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349349/a-retrospective-analysis-of-outpatient-anesthesia-management-for-dental-treatment-of-patients-with-severe-alzheimer-s-disease
#1
Eunsun So, Hyun Jeong Kim, Myong-Hwan Karm, Kwang-Suk Seo, Juhea Chang, Joo Hyung Lee
Background: The number of patients with Alzheimer's disease is growing worldwide, and the proportion of patients requiring dental treatment under general anesthesia increases with increasing severity of the disease. However, outpatient anesthesia management for these patients involves great risks, as most patients with Alzheimer's disease are old and may show reduced cardiopulmonary functions and have cognitive disorders. Methods: This study retrospectively investigated 43 patients with Alzheimer's disease who received outpatient anesthesia for dental treatment between 2012-2017...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#2
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324495/intravenously-administered-lidocaine-and-magnesium-during-thyroid-surgery-in-female-patients-for-better-quality-of-recovery-after-anesthesia
#3
Myoung Hwa Kim, Min Soo Kim, Jae Hoon Lee, Sang Tae Kim, Jeong-Rim Lee
BACKGROUND: Although systemic lidocaine and magnesium have been widely studied as perioperative analgesic adjuvants, they have been rarely evaluated with respect to recovery quality under the same conditions. We compared the quality of recovery 40 (QoR-40) scores of female patients who received intravenous lidocaine, magnesium, and saline during thyroidectomy to investigate their effects on comprehensive recovery from anesthesia. METHODS: In this prospective, double-blind trial, 135 female patients scheduled for open thyroidectomy were randomly assigned to the lidocaine group (group L), magnesium group (group M), or control group (group C)...
January 9, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315129/relative-contributions-of-adductor-canal-block-and-intrathecal-morphine-to-analgesia-and-functional-recovery-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Abhijit Biswas, Anahi Perlas, Meela Ghosh, KiJinn Chin, Ahtsham Niazi, Barjind Pandher, Vincent Chan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Effective postoperative analgesia may enhance early rehabilitation after orthopedic surgery. This randomized double-blind trial investigates the relative contributions of adductor canal block and low-dose intrathecal morphine (ITM) to postoperative analgesia and functional recovery after total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: Two-hundred one patients undergoing elective unilateral total knee arthroplasty under spinal anesthesia were randomized to 3 groups...
January 9, 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309321/the-role-of-cost-effectiveness-analysis-in-global-anesthesia
#5
Nicholas J Kassebaum, Kelly McQueen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291413/impact-of-recommended-changes-in-labor-management-for-prevention-of-the-primary-cesarean-delivery
#6
Claire Thuillier, Sophie Roy, Violaine Peyronet, Thibaud Quibel, Aurélie Nlandu, Patrick Rozenberg
BACKGROUND: The dramatic rise in cesarean delivery (CD) rates worldwide in recent decades, without evidence of a concomitant decrease in cerebral palsy rates, has raised concerns about its potential negative consequences for maternal and infant health. In 2014, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine jointly published an Obstetric Care Consensus for safe prevention of the primary cesarean delivery. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess whether modification of our protocol to implement these recommendations helped to decrease our primary CD rate safely...
December 29, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287672/-impact-of-hypotension-and-global-hypoperfusion-in-postoperative-delirium-a-pilot-study-in-older-adults-undergoing-open-colon-surgery
#7
Eduardo Tobar, Mario A Abedrapo, Jaime A Godoy, Jose L Llanos, Mauricio J Díaz, Rodrigo Azolas, Gunther R Bocic, Jaime A Escobar, Rodrigo A Cornejo, Carlos M Romero
BACKGROUND: Post-operative delirium is a serious complication in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. It remains unclear whether peri-operative hemodynamic and perfusion variables affect the risk for postoperative delirium. The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the association between perfusion and hemodynamics peri-operative with the appearance of post-operative delirium. METHODS: Prospective cohort study of adults 60 years or older undergoing elective open colon surgery...
December 26, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277761/antitumor-effects-of-lidocaine-on-human-breast-cancer-cells-an-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-experimental-trial
#8
Thiên-Nga Chamaraux-Tran, Carole Mathelin, Marc Aprahamian, Girish P Joshi, Catherine Tomasetto, Pierre Diemunsch, Cherif Akladios
AIM: Retrospective studies have suggested a protective effect of regional anesthesia against recurrence after cancer surgery. But confirmation of the in vivo antitumor effects is lacking. We examined the in vitro antitumor effects of lidocaine on various breast cancer cell lines and then assessed these properties in vivo at clinically relevant concentrations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vitro experiments: normal breast epithelial cells (NBEC) MCF-10A and three tumor breast epithelial cells (TBEC) lines (MCF-7 luminal A, MDA-MB-231 triple-negative and SKBr3 HER2 positive) were exposed to increasing concentrations of lidocaine...
January 2018: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261545/the-effect-of-high-frequency-structured-expert-feedback-on-the-learning-curves-of-basic-interventional-ultrasound-skills-applied-to-regional-anesthesia
#9
Getúlio Rodrigues de Oliveira Filho, Francisco de Assis Caire Mettrau
BACKGROUND: Proficiency in needle-to-ultrasound beam alignment and accurate approach to structures are pivotal for ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia. This study evaluated the effects of high-frequency, structured expert feedback on simulation training of such abilities. METHODS: Forty-two subjects randomly allocated as controls or intervention participated in two 25-trial experiments. Experiment 1 consisted of inserting a needle into a bovine muscular phantom parallel to the ultrasound beam while maintaining full imaging of the needle...
December 19, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243298/local-anesthesia-in-pediatric-dermatologic-surgery-evaluation-of-a-patient-centered-approach
#10
May El Hachem, Claudia Carnevale, Andrea Diociaiuti, Cristiana De Ranieri, Simona Giancristoforo, Giovanna Zambruno, Marta L Ciofi Degli Atti
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: A few studies have documented the effect of local anesthesia for minor dermatologic surgical procedures on children and their parents. Our objective was to evaluate the psychological effect and global satisfaction of a patient-centered approach to dermatologic surgery under local anesthesia. METHODS: Two self-administered questionnaires were used to evaluate the distress and global satisfaction of 388 children who underwent dermatologic surgery under local anesthesia, accompanied by oral and written therapeutic education measures (structured information and a cartoon brochure illustrating the procedure) addressed to children and parents...
December 15, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223665/guidelines-and-checklists-for-short-term-missions-in-global-pediatric-surgery-recommendations-from-the-american-academy-of-pediatrics-delivery-of-surgical-care-global-health-subcommittee-american-pediatric-surgical-association-global-pediatric-surgery-committee
#11
REVIEW
Marilyn Butler, Elizabeth Drum, Faye M Evans, Tamara Fitzgerald, Jason Fraser, Ai-Xuan Holterman, Howard Jen, J Matthew Kynes, Jenny Kreiss, Craig D McClain, Mark Newton, Benedict Nwomeh, James O'Neill, Doruk Ozgediz, George Politis, Henry Rice, David Rothstein, Julie Sanchez, Mark Singleton, Francine S Yudkowitz
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric surgeons, anesthesia providers, and nurses from North America and other high-income countries (HICs) are increasingly engaged in resource-limited areas, with short-term missions (STMs) as the most common form of involvement. However, consensus recommendations currently do not exist for STMs in pediatric general surgery and associated perioperative care. METHODS: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Delivery of Surgical Care Subcommittee and American Pediatric Surgical Association (APSA) Global Pediatric Surgery Committee, with the American Pediatric Surgical Nurses Association, Inc...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212921/bold-temporal-variability-differentiates-wakefulness-from-anesthesia-induced-unconsciousness
#12
Alex T Baria, Maria Virginia Centeno, Mariam E Ghantous, Pei-Ching Chang, Daniele Procissi, A Vania Apkarian
Even though a number of findings, based on information content or information integration, are shown to define neural underpinnings characteristic of a conscious experience, the neurophysiological mechanism of consciousness is still poorly understood. Here, we investigated the brain activity and functional connectivity changes that occur in the isoflurane anesthetized unconscious state in contrast to the awake-state in rats (awake and/or anesthetized n=68 rats). We examined nine information measures previously shown to distinguish between conscious states; BOLD variability, functional connectivity strength, modularity, weighted modularity, efficiency, clustering coefficient, small-worldness, and spatial and temporal Lempel-Ziv complexity measure...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210795/total-intravenous-anesthesia-and-target-controlled-infusions-a-comprehensive-global-anthology
#13
Timothy G Short, Gerard Willemsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210791/design-and-evaluation-of-a-closed-loop-anesthesia-system-with-robust-control-and-safety-system
#14
Nicholas West, Klaske van Heusden, Matthias Görges, Sonia Brodie, Aryannah Rollinson, Christian L Petersen, Guy A Dumont, J Mark Ansermino, Richard N Merchant
BACKGROUND: Closed-loop control of anesthesia involves continual adjustment of drug infusion rates according to measured clinical effect. The NeuroSENSE monitor provides an electroencephalographic measure of depth of hypnosis (wavelet-based anesthetic value for central nervous system monitoring [WAVCNS]). It has previously been used as feedback for closed-loop control of propofol, in a system designed using robust control engineering principles, which implements features specifically designed to ensure patient safety...
November 22, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207224/-bone-biopsy-in-the-chronic-kidney-disease-ckd
#15
REVIEW
Luca Dalle Carbonare, Maria Teresa Valenti
Histomorphometry or quantitative histology is the analysis on histologic sections of bone resorption, formation and structure parameters. It is the only technique allowing a dynamic evaluation of osteoblast activity after labelling with tetracycline. In addition, the use of computed image analyzer allows the possibility to assess bone microarchitecture. Histomorphometric bone biopsy is a reliable and well-tolerated procedure. Bone samples are taken at iliac crest level under local anesthesia and sedation. Samples are put into methyl-metacrilate resin where the sections are prepared for the microscopic analysis of different histomorphometric parameters...
December 5, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206695/drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-from-obscure-technique-to-diagnostic-tool-for-assessment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-for-surgical-interventions
#16
Joshua H Atkins, Jeff E Mandel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Provide a practical update on drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) for anesthesia providers, which can also serve as a reference for those preparing to establish a DISE program. RECENT FINDINGS: New developments in surgical approaches to OSA and the growing global incidence of the condition have stimulated increased interest and demand for drug-induced sleep endoscopy. New techniques include transoral robotic surgery and hypoglossal nerve stimulation...
December 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203430/optimization-of-perioperative-management-of-proximal-femoral-fracture-in-the-elderly
#17
REVIEW
P Merloz
Proximal femoral fracture in elderly subjects is a major event that is life-threatening in the medium-to-long term. Advanced age, male gender and number of comorbidities largely account for high mortality and require geriatric expertise. Protein-energy malnutrition and bone demineralization increase mortality. Mortality can, on the other hand, be reduced by acting on two variables accessible to medical intervention: daily activities and nutritional status. Functional and neurocognitive assessment allow the risk of dependency to be evaluated, and global geriatric work-up can prevent sudden breakdown of homeostasis...
December 1, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202646/submucosal-diclofenac-for-acute-postoperative-pain-in-third-molar-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#18
P Gorecki, K D Rainsford, P Taneja, Y Bulsara, D Pearson, D Saund, B Ahmed, T Dietrich
Diclofenac sodium is a widely used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) for relief of inflammatory pain. A recent formulation combines this drug with hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD) to improve its solubility and to enable subcutaneous administration. Previous studies confirmed the efficacy of this combination. This study's aim was to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and local tolerability of diclofenac HPβCD administered as a local submucosal injection prior to lower third molar surgery. We conducted a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group phase II single-center study...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183321/effects-of-controlled-hypoxemia-or-hypovolemia-on-global-and-intestinal-oxygenation-and-perfusion-in-isoflurane-anesthetized-horses-receiving-an-alpha-2-agonist-infusion
#19
Klaus Hopster, Liza Wittenberg-Voges, Florian Geburek, Charlotte Hopster-Iversen, Sabine B R Kästner
BACKGROUND: Aim of this prospective experimental study was to assess effects of systemic hypoxemia and hypovolemia on global and gastrointestinal oxygenation and perfusion in anesthetized horses. Therefore, we anesthetized twelve systemically healthy warmblood horses using either xylazine or dexmedetomidine for premedication and midazolam and ketamine for induction. Anesthesia was maintained using isoflurane in oxygen with either xylazine or dexmedetomidine and horses were ventilated to normocapnia...
November 28, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162501/comparison-of-the-effects-of-local-anesthesia-and-epidural-anesthesia-for-percutaneous-transforaminal-endoscopic-discectomy-in-elderly-patients-over-65-years-old
#20
Yanjie Zhu, Yongzhao Zhao, Guoxin Fan, Guangfei Gu, Shiyu Sun, Shuo Hu, Shisheng He
BACKGROUND: sLocal anesthesia (LA) is recommended for percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy (PTED) but clinical practice indicates that LA cannot achieve satisfactory pain management during PTED. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to investigate the comparisons between LA and EA for PTED in elderly population over 65 years old. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of patients over 65 years old received PTED from May 2013 to December 2014...
November 18, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
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