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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652860/qualitative-exploration-of-psychological-reactions-and-coping-strategies-of-breastfeeding-mothers-living-with-hiv-in-the-greater-accra-region-of-ghana
#1
Angela Kwartemaa Acheampong, Florence Naab, Adzo Kwashie
BACKGROUND: Exploring the psychological reactions of breastfeeding mothers living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is an important step which may improve guidelines for counselling. The purpose of this study was to explore the psychological reactions and coping strategies of breastfeeding mothers living with HIV in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana. METHODS: Qualitative descriptive exploratory design was used to explore the psychological experiences and coping strategies of 13 breastfeeding mothers living with HIV in a main referral public hospital, at the greater Accra Region of Ghana...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632412/not-practicing-what-you-preach-religion-and-incongruence-between-pornography-beliefs-and-usage
#2
Samuel L Perry
Religious Americans, and conservative Protestants in particular, have historically been the most ardent opponents of pornography's production, dissemination, and use. Yet while religiously committed and theologically conservative Americans are generally less likely to view pornography than others, the difference is often not as great or consistent as one might suppose given their strong moral stance. Drawing on insights from religious incongruence theory, this study considered whether religious commitment and theological conservatism predicted a greater incongruence between what Americans say they believe about pornography morally and whether they actually watch it...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631171/qualitative-assessment-of-vaccination-hesitancy-among-members-of-the-apostolic-church-of-zimbabwe-a-case-study
#3
Z Machekanyanga, S Ndiaye, R Gerede, K Chindedza, C Chigodo, M E Shibeshi, J Goodson, F Daniel, L Zimmerman, R Kaiser
Vaccine hesitancy or lack of confidence in vaccines is considered a threat to the success of vaccination programs. The rise and spread of measles outbreaks in southern Africa in 2009-2010 were linked to objections among Apostolic Church members, estimated at about 3.5 million in Zimbabwe as of 2014. To inform planning of interventions for a measles-rubella vaccination campaign, we conducted an assessment of the factors contributing to vaccine hesitancy using data from various stakeholders. Among nine districts in three regions of Zimbabwe, we collected data on religious attitudes toward, and perceptions of, vaccines through focus group discussions with health workers serving Apostolic communities and members of the National Expanded Programme on Immunization; semi-structured interviews with religious leaders; and open-ended questions in structured interviews with Apostolic parents/caregivers...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612682/culturally-prescribed-beliefs-about-mental-illness-among-the-akan-of-ghana
#4
Annabella Opare-Henaku, Shawn O Utsey
Mental illness is a culturally laden phenomenon, and different cultures have unique ways of constructing mental illness. In this study, conceptions of mental illness were explored among 30 participants of Akan descent in Ghana through individual and group interviews. Participants demonstrated a wide range of knowledge on mental illness indicating that poor self-care, deficits in social functioning, and disordered behaviors are the cardinal features of mental illness. The data revealed that Akan cultural beliefs influenced notions of etiology of mental illness and care of the mentally ill...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609264/supporting-muslim-patients-during-advanced-illness
#5
REVIEW
Nathan A Boucher, Ejaz A Siddiqui, Harold G Koenig
Religion is an important part of many patients' cultural perspectives and value systems that influence them during advanced illness and toward the end of life when they directly face mortality. Worldwide violence perpetrated by people identifying as Muslim has been a growing fear for people living in the US and elsewhere. This fear has further increased by the tense rhetoric heard from the recent US presidential campaign and the new presidential administration. For many, this includes fear of all Muslims, the second-largest religious group in the world with 1...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603710/use-of-non-prescription-remedies-by-ghanaian-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-persons-on-antiretroviral-therapy
#6
Amos K Laar, Awewura Kwara, Priscillia A Nortey, Augustine K Ankomah, Michael P K Okyerefo, Margaret Y Lartey
BACKGROUND: Inappropriate use of non-prescription remedies by persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) may result in adverse events or potentiate non-adherence to prescribed medications. This study investigated the use of non-prescription remedies among PLHIV receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) from four treatment centers in southern Ghana. METHODS: A mixed method design using quantitative and qualitative methods was used. This article focuses on the quantitative survey of 540 respondents...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601928/association-of-islamic-prayer-with-psychological-stability-in-bosnian-war-veterans
#7
Izet Pajević, Osman Sinanović, Mevludin Hasanović
To compare the outcomes among war veterans who pray/do not pray and who were not suffering mental disorders after the Bosnia-Herzegovina war (1992-95). The sample consists of 100 healthy Bosnian war veterans divided in two equal groups-one, a highly religious group inside which were individuals who perform five obligatory prayers every day, and another group of individuals who do not practice any daily prayer. We used Minnesota Multiphase Personal Inventory (MMPI), Profile Index of Emotions (PIE) and Life Style Questionnaire (LSQ)...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596726/ability-to-gain-control-over-one-s-own-brain-activity-and-its-relation-to-spiritual-practice-a-multimodal-imaging-study
#8
Silvia E Kober, Matthias Witte, Manuel Ninaus, Karl Koschutnig, Daniel Wiesen, Gabriela Zaiser, Christa Neuper, Guilherme Wood
Spiritual practice, such as prayer or meditation, is associated with focusing attention on internal states and self-awareness processes. As these cognitive control mechanisms presumably are also important for neurofeedback (NF), we investigated whether people who pray frequently (N = 20) show a higher ability of self-control over their own brain activity compared to a control group of individuals who rarely pray (N = 20). All participants underwent structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and one session of sensorimotor rhythm (SMR, 12-15 Hz) based NF training...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595441/healing-spirituality-and-integrative-medicine
#9
David M Steinhorn, Jana Din, Angela Johnson
Spirituality plays a prominent role in the lives of most palliative patients whether or not they formally adhere to a specific religion and belief. As a result, the palliative care team is frequently called upon to support families who are experiencing their "dark night of the soul" and struggling to make sense of their lives during a healthcare crisis. While conventional religious practices provide a source of comfort and guidance for many of our patients, a significant number of our patients do not have a strong religious community to which to turn...
May 22, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592392/code-krishna-an-innovative-practice-respecting-death-dying-and-beyond
#10
Bhalendu Vaishnav, Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Sandeep Desai, Smruti Vaishnav
In moments of grief, human beings seek solace and attempt to discover the meaning of life and death by reaching out to wider and deeper dimensions of existence that stem from their religious, cultural and spiritual beliefs. Conventional patient care fails to consider this vital aspect of our lives. Many hold the view that life and its experiences do not end with death; the body is but a sheath which holds the soul that inhabits it. The use of a protocol-based practice to create a solemn atmosphere around the departed individual can bridge the gap between the materialistic and non-materialistic perceptions of the dimensions of care...
June 6, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587554/quality-of-life-and-spirituality
#11
Raquel Gehrke Panzini, Bruno Paz Mosqueiro, Rogério R Zimpel, Denise Ruschel Bandeira, Neusa S Rocha, Marcelo P Fleck
Spirituality has been identified as an important dimension of quality-of-life. The objective of this study was to review the literature on quality-of-life and spirituality, their association, and assessment tools. A search was conducted of the keyterms 'quality-of-life' and 'spirituality' in abstract or title in the databases PsycINFO and PubMed/Medline between 1979-2005, complemented by a new search at PUBMED from 2006-2016. Quality-of-life is a new concept, which encompasses and transcends the concept of health, being composed of multiple domains: physical, psychological, environmental, among others...
June 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566972/to-what-extent-are-arab-pilgrims-to-makkah-aware-of-the-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-and-the-precautions-against-it
#12
Meshaal S Alotaibi, Abdulaziz M Alsubaie, Khaled A Almohaimede, Turki A Alotaibi, Omar A Alharbi, Abdulrahman F Aljadoa, Abdulaziz H Alhamad, Mazin Barry
BACKGROUND: Approximately, 80% of the many cases of the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) confirmed worldwide were diagnosed in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). The risk of the disease spreading internationally is especially worrying given the role of KSA as the home of the most important Islamic pilgrimage sites. This means the need to assess Arab pilgrims' awareness of MERS-CoV is of paramount importance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out during Ramadan 2015 in the Holy Mosque in Makkah, Saudi Arabia...
May 2017: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558595/prayer-is-part-of-holistic-care
#13
Kerena Cannon
How very sad that Sarah Kuteh was dismissed for telling a patient with cancer he would have a better chance of surviving an operation if he prayed ( see news ). We say similar things all the time in the United States. I have been a nurse for more than 20 years and have never heard anything so sad. Holistic care should include physical, social, psychological and spiritual care.
May 31, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553805/prayer-attachment-to-god-and-changes-in-psychological-well-being-in-later-life
#14
Matt Bradshaw, Blake Victor Kent
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of prayer and attachment to God on psychological well-being (PWB) in later life. METHOD: Using data from two waves of the nationwide Religion, Aging, and Health Survey, we estimate the associations between frequency of prayer and attachment to God at baseline with cross-wave changes in three measures of PWB: self-esteem, optimism, and life satisfaction. RESULTS: Prayer does not have a main effect on PWB...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546649/seeing-is-not-believing-how-viewing-pornography-shapes-the-religious-lives-of-young-americans
#15
Samuel L Perry, George M Hayward
Pornography has become increasingly accessible in the United States, and particularly for younger Americans. While some research considers how pornography use affects the sexual and psychological health of adolescents and emerging adults, sociologists have given little attention to how viewing pornography may shape young Americans' connection to key social and cultural institutions, like religion. This article examines whether viewing pornography may actually have a secularizing effect, reducing young Americans' personal religiosity over time...
June 2017: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545697/bipap-and-a-prayer
#16
EDITORIAL
Sarah Unterman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544331/experiences-and-views-of-married-women-about-domestic-violence
#17
Rukiye Turk, Sevilay Senol Celik, Merve Çetin, Gamze Soydan
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the experiences and views of married women about the topic of domestic violence. METHODS: This research was planned as a mixed methods study with an in-depth interview and descriptive approach. The study was conducted between November 2011 and December 2012 with 24 married women living in Ankara, Turkey. Two main data-collection tools were used in the study: the "Personal Information Form" and the "In-depth Interview Questionnaire...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538339/seven-tesla-mri-of-hippocampal-sclerosis-an-in-vivo-feasibility-study-with-histological-correlations
#18
Harald Stefanits, Elisabeth Springer, Ekaterina Pataraia, Christoph Baumgartner, Johannes A Hainfellner, Daniela Prayer, Christian Weisstanner, Thomas Czech, Siegfried Trattnig
INTRODUCTION: Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is the most frequent form of focal epilepsy in adults. Because approximately half of these patients develop drug resistance, epilepsy surgery designed to remove the epileptogenic zone is an excellent option in selected patients. Histopathological analyses of hippocampal specimens in TLE patients revealed 4 types of Ammon's horn sclerosis, which are correlated with long-term epileptological outcome. The aim of this study was the correlation of noninvasive, high-resolution, morphological magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at an ultra-high-field (7 T) of the hippocampus in TLE patients with histopathological findings...
May 23, 2017: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517969/prevalence-and-determinants-of-depression-among-patients-under-the-care-of-traditional-health-practitioners-in-a-kenyan-setting-policy-implications
#19
Christine W Musyimi, Victoria N Mutiso, Abednego M Musau, Lydia K Matoke, David M Ndetei
In Kenya, there is paucity of information on depression among traditional health practitioner (THP) patients, particularly in rural areas. The aim of this study was to estimate prevalence and identify determinants of major depressive disorder (MDD) among patients of THP in rural Kenya using the World Health Organization (WHO) Mental Health Gap Action Programme Intervention Guideline (mhGAP-IG). All adult patients seeking care from trained THPs (either traditional healers such as diviners and herbalists or faith healers, who use treatments such as prayers, laying hands on patients, or providing holy water and ash to their patients) over a period of 3 months (September 2014 to November 2014) were screened for depression using mhGAP-IG and their sociodemographic characteristics recorded...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504520/prayer-and-forgiveness-beyond-relationship-quality-and-extension-to-marriage
#20
Frank D Fincham, Ross W May
The majority of the world population profess religious/spiritual beliefs and prayer is a form of spiritual activity common across numerous religious/spiritual belief systems. Three studies therefore examined the role of prayer in romantic relationships. Study 1 (n = 91) showed that prayer for a dating partner predicted lower aggressive tendencies and greater forgiveness of partner transgressions, independently of relationship closeness. Study 2 (n = 89 married couples) is among the first to examine the prayer-forgiveness association using dyadic data...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
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