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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761753/against-the-stream-religion-and-mental-health-the-case-for-the-inclusion-of-religion-and-spirituality-into-psychiatric-care
#1
Simon Dein
This paper argues for the inclusion of religion and spirituality in psychiatric care. After discussing the antagonism of psychiatrists and psychologists to religion, I present a critical overview of studies examining the relationships between spirituality, religion and diverse aspects of mental health: depression, suicide, anxiety, delinquency, drug abuse and schizophrenia. The need to assesses the impact of religion in different faith groups is discussed. Measures of religious coping, both positive and negative, may provide a more accurate portrayal as to how individuals deploy religion in their lives than global measures such as belief and attendance...
June 2018: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757887/lidocaine-infusions-and-preventative-analgesia-can-the-answer-to-our-prayers-be-hiding-right-under-our-noses
#2
Mark C Bicket, Steven P Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748026/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-self-reported-voice-problems-among-hindu-temple-priests
#3
Usha Devadas, Manisha Hegde, Santosh Maruthy
BACKGROUND: Hindu priests (purohits/purohits/) perform religious services, rites, and prayers primarily at the temples, during which there is a continuous recitation of shlokas, ʃlokas, and mantras/mæntrəs/ in a loud voice. Hence, the voice is the primary component of priests' profession and earning for livelihood. The present study was conducted to explore the prevalence and possible risk factors, and the impact of voice problems (VPs) in Hindu temple priests. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was conducted by distributing the self-reporting questionnaires to 140 Hindu temple priests in and around the Udupi/uɖupi/ and Mangaluru/maŋgalu:ru/ districts of Karnataka state, India, between January and April 2016...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736117/parents-voice-in-managing-the-pain-of-children-with-cancer-during-palliative-care
#4
Rina Mariyana, Allenidekania Allenidekania, Nani Nurhaeni
Context: Pain experienced by children can adversely affect their growth and development. Pain is a major health problem for cancer patients and remains an unresolved problem. Aim: To know how the experiences of mothers managing their children's pain during palliative care following cancer diagnosis. Background: Pain experienced by children can adversely affect their growth and development. Subject and Methods: Using qualitative methods within a descriptive phenomenological approach, in-depth interviews were conducted with parents (mostly mothers) of eight children diagnosed with cancer...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723002/sex-through-a-sacred-lens-longitudinal-effects-of-sanctification-of-marital-sexuality
#5
Krystal M Hernandez-Kane, Annette Mahoney
Research attending to the role of religion and spirituality in enhancing sexuality in marriage is virtually absent. In response to this scarcity, this longitudinal study examined the sanctification of marital sexuality among newly married, heterosexual individuals (N = 67; married 4-18 months at Time 1). Greater sanctification of marital sexuality early in the marriage predicted more frequent sexual intercourse, sexual satisfaction, and marital satisfaction 1 year later for individual respondents, after controlling for initial levels of the dependent variable as well as age, frequencies of religious service attendance and prayer, and biblical conservatism...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721783/study-of-diagnostic-accuracy-of-fagan-s-two-step-nomogram-in-increasing-the-value-of-predictive-tools-for-prostate-cancer-application-of-specific-spatial-distribution-of-positive-negative-bioptic-cores-to-predict-extracapsular-extension
#6
Fabrizio Dal Moro, Tommaso Prayer-Galetti, Lorenzo Angelini, Fabio Vianello, Marina Gardiman, Massimo Rugge, Filiberto Zattoni
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PC) represents the second most frequent cancer in the male population worldwide. It is mandatory to have a very accurate staging to choice the best possible treatment. AIMS: To test the possibility of improving the performance of Partin's tables in predicting the pathological staging of PC by introducing bioptic parameters through an innovative statistic tool (Fagan's two-step nomogram). METHODS: We prospectivelly collected data of all 1048 consecutive patients undergoing saturation 24-core transrectal prostate biopsy...
May 2, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706663/religious-pathways-from-adolescence-to-adulthood
#7
Bo Hyeong Jane Lee, Lisa D Pearce, Kristen M Schorpp
Prior research suggests the significance of religion for development and wellbeing in adolescence and beyond. Further, new developments and applications of statistical methods have led to ways of better accounting for the multidimensional nature of religiosity (e.g. latent class analysis), as well as the dynamic aspects of religiosity (e.g. latent growth curve models). Yet, rarely if ever are both features of religiosity incorporated and examined together. Therefore, we propose and conduct a latent class analysis using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) to identify seven distinct pathways of religiosity that involve independently changing levels of religious affiliation, religious service attendance, personal importance of religion, and prayer from adolescence to adulthood...
September 2017: Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705450/the-determination-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-in-patients-presenting-at-the-emergency-room
#8
Zeliha Koç, Tuğba Çınarlı
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine CAM use in patients presenting at the emergency room. METHOD: This cross-sectional study was conducted with the participation of 385 patients presenting at the emergency room. Data was collected with a questionnaire between the dates 02.01.2016-31.03.2016. RESULTS: The reasons for the presentation at the emergency room were found to be stomach ache (17.2%), vomiting nausea (14.8%), headache (11...
May 2018: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676507/dimensions-of-religion-associated-with-suicide-attempt-and-suicide-ideation-in-depressed-religiously-affiliated-patients
#9
Matthias Jongkind, Bart van den Brink, Hanneke Schaap-Jonker, Nathan van der Velde, Arjan W Braam
There is substantial evidence to support the claim that religion can protect against suicide ideation, suicide attempts, and completed suicide. There is also evidence that religion does not always protect against suicidality. More insight is needed into the relationship between suicidal parameters and dimensions of religion. A total of 155 in- and outpatients with major depression from a Christian Mental Health Care institution were included. The following religious factors were assessed: religious service attendance, frequency of prayer, religious salience, type of God representation, and moral objections to suicide (MOS)...
April 20, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668791/spirituality-in-palliative-care-experiences-of-an-interdisciplinary-team
#10
Isabel Cristina de Oliveira Arrieira, Maira Buss Thofehrn, Adrize Rutz Porto, Pedro Márlon Martter Moura, Caroline Lemos Martins, Michelle Barboza Jacondino
Objective To understand the experience of spirituality in the daily routine of a palliative care interdisciplinary team. Method A qualitative study was conducted with an oncological palliative care team in southern Brazil. The data was collected through phenomenological interviews in 2014, and interpreted using a hermeneutic phenomenological approach. Results Six professionals participated in the study. Spiritually-related activities, such as prayer and providing comprehensive care, were useful therapeutic resources for offering comfort, survival with dignity and humanization of death, in addition to helping the team and patients understand the end-of-life process and search for meaning in the suffering caused by illness...
2018: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629467/currently-used-organophosphate-flame-retardants-determined-in-the-settled-dust-of-masjids-and-hotels-of-saudi-arabia-a-new-insight-into-human-health-implications-of-dust-exposure
#11
Nadeem Ali, Iqbal Mohammad Ibrahim Ismail, Mohammad W Kadi, Hussain Mohammed Salem Ali Albar
Indoor settled dust particles are considered as an important source of human exposure to chemicals such as organophosphate flame retardants (PFRs). In recent decades the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) has experienced tremendous growth in population, as a result the number of masjids has also increased significantly to provide sufficient space for the public to offer prayers. The hospitality industry in KSA is also expanding to cater for the ever-increasing number of pilgrims visiting the two holy cities of the kingdom...
April 9, 2018: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616473/does-1-5-t-mpmri-play-a-definite-role-in-detection-of-clinically-significant-prostate-cancer-findings-from-a-prospective-study-comparing-blind-24-core-saturation-and-targeted-biopsies-with-a-novel-data-remodeling-model
#12
Fabrizio Dal Moro, Giovanni Zecchini, Alessandro Morlacco, Marina Paola Gardiman, Carmelo Salvino Lacognata, Alberto Lauro, Massimo Rugge, Tommaso Prayer Galetti, Filiberto Zattoni
BACKGROUND: Multiparametric-magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) can accurately detect high-grade and larger prostate cancers (PC). AIMS: To evaluate the ability of 1.5 T magnetic field mpMRI-targeted Prostate Biopsies (PBx) in predicting PC in comparison with blind 24-core saturation PBx (sPBx). METHODS: We prospectively collected data from patients undergoing transrectal sPBx and, if needed, targeted PBx of suspected lesions based on the 16-'region-of-interest' (ROI) PI-RADS graph...
April 3, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594652/the-relationship-between-religious-and-psychospiritual-measures-and-an-inflammation-marker-crp-in-older-adults-experiencing-life-event-stress
#13
Gail Ironson, Aurelie Lucette, Emily Hylton, Kenneth I Pargament, Neal Krause
Inflammation, often measured by C-reactive protein (CRP), is thought to be related to a number of debilitating illnesses as we age, including cardiovascular disease, cancer and diabetes. Stress has also been implicated in these processes. This study examines potential protective effects of spirituality and religion in older adults who have experienced stressful life events. As part of the nationwide Landmark Study of Spirituality and Health, a subsample of 643 middle-aged and older adults (age ≥ 50) who were at or above the median in number of life stressors (≥ 2) was included in this analysis...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582335/influence-of-religious-and-spiritual-elements-on-adherence-to-pharmacological-treatment
#14
Bárbara Badanta-Romero, Rocío de Diego-Cordero, Estefanía Rivilla-García
The objective of this study is to know the influence of religious/spiritual elements on the adherence to pharmacological therapy. The descriptors used for this literature review were "medicine, medication, drug, or treatment," "adherence to treatment," and "religion or spirituality or faith or prayer" in different databases (CINAHL, PsycINFO, PubMed). Finally, 23 articles were selected. Articles available in full text, published between 2010 and 2017, in English or Spanish were included...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557049/religion-and-life-satisfaction-a-correlational-study-of-undergraduate-students-in-trinidad
#15
Dianne Gabriela Habib, Casswina Donald, Gerard Hutchinson
Religious behaviour tends to correlate positively with life satisfaction. The predictive power of this relationship is associated with various socio-demographic factors such as age, gender and religious affiliation. We investigated the relationship between religious involvement and life satisfaction in a multi-religious population of undergraduate medical students of the University of the West Indies. We used a cross-sectional design to assess 228 undergraduates (50 males and 178 females) on religiosity, religious well-being and life satisfaction using the Religious Orientation Test, Religious Well-Being subscale and the Satisfaction with Life Scale, respectively...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550863/how-accurate-are-prenatal-tractography-results-a-postnatal-in-vivo-follow-up-study-using-diffusion-tensor-imaging
#16
REVIEW
Jae W Song, Gerlinde M Gruber, Janina M Patsch, Rainer Seidl, Daniela Prayer, Gregor Kasprian
Prenatal detection of abnormal white matter tracts might serve as a structural marker for altered neurodevelopment. As a result of many technical and patient-related challenges, the accuracy of prenatal tractography remains unknown. We hypothesized that characteristics of prenatal tractography of the corpus callosum and corticospinal tracts derived from fetal diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data are accurate and predictive of the integrity of these tracts postnatally. We compared callosal and corticospinal tracts of 12 subjects with paired prenatal (age: 23-35 gestational weeks) and postnatal (age: 1 day to 2 years) DTI examinations (b values of 0 s/mm2 and 700 s/mm2 , 16 gradient encoding directions) using deterministic tractography...
April 2018: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541970/complimentary-care-when-our-patients-request-to-pray
#17
Cheryl Ann Green
Prayer is viewed in modern medicine as a complimentary alternative treatment. However, to many patients, it is a source of hope and comfort. Patients, when facing illness, advanced disease, disability or death, can benefit from prayer. For healthcare providers, comfort with praying with patients can be deemed as unprofessional conduct or blurred therapeutic boundaries, particularly, when prayer is offered to patients' unsolicited by the patient or their family member(s). Therefore, it is imperative that healthcare providers await the request of prayer by the patient before prayer is initiated...
June 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533442/spiritual-fitness-an-essential-component-of-human-performance-optimization
#18
Danielle Worthington, Patricia A Deuster
Spirituality is a key interweaving and interacting domain, and an integral component for maintaining Special Operations Forces readiness; however, it remains an under-researched and likely one of the most poorly understood domains of Preservation of the Force and Family and Total Force Fitness initiatives. Although there are numerous factors that contribute to spiritual performance or spiritual fitness, core values and value-directed living are essential. An initial step toward spiritual performance or fitness is developing core values and identity, followed by a second step toward spiritual performance or fitness, which is developing an increased awareness and deeper understanding of those values...
December 0: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521929/relationships-among-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-interventions-urinary-incontinence-quality-of-life-and-self-esteem-in-women-with-urinary-incontinence
#19
Özge Öz, Birsen Altay
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine associations among sociodemographic characteristics, urinary incontinence (UI) characteristics, UI-specific quality of life and self-esteem, and use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) interventions for UI. DESIGN: Correlational-descriptive research. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: This sample comprised 394 female patients 18 years or older cared for in the urology and gynecology outpatient clinics of a university hospital in Samsun, Turkey...
March 2018: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519190/nursing-students-attitudes-and-use-of-holistic-therapies-for-stress-relief
#20
Elizabeth V Kinchen, Victoria Loerzel
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore student nurses' openness to using or recommending holistic therapies, the strategies they use to manage stress from school or work, and their perceptions of the impact of holistic therapies on personal health. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative component of a quasi-experimental, mixed-methods study. METHODS: A convenience sample of undergraduate nursing students in a southeastern U.S. university completed baseline surveys, including demographics and three open-ended questions regarding attitudes toward holistic therapies and strategies used for stress management...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
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