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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136245/the-religiosity-and-spiritual-beliefs-and-practices-of-clinical-social-workers-a-national-survey
#1
Holly K Oxhandler, Edward C Polson, W Andrew Achenbaum
This article describes the religious and spiritual beliefs and practices among a national sample of 426 licensed clinical social workers (LCSWs). Given the significant role LCSWs' intrinsic religiosity plays in whether or not they consider clients' religion and spirituality (RS) as it relates to practice, it is critical that the profession best understands current LCSWs' religious and spiritual beliefs, and in what ways these mirror or contrast those of the clients whom they serve. Findings from this secondary analysis of a recent national survey suggest that compared with the general U...
November 9, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130420/-there-are-more-things-in-heaven-and-earth-how-knowledge-about-traditional-healing-affects-clinical-practice-interviews-with-conventional-health-personnel
#2
Anette Langås-Larsen, Anita Salamonsen, Agnete Egilsdatter Kristoffersen, Torunn Hamran, Bjørg Evjen, Trine Stub
People with Sami and Norwegian background are frequent users of traditional folk medicine (TM). Traditional healing, such as religious prayers of healing (reading) and the laying on of hands, are examples of commonly used modalities. The global aim of this study is to examine whether health personnel's knowledge, attitudes and experiences of traditional healing affect their clinical practice. Semi-structured individual interviews (n=32) and focus group interviews (n=2) were conducted among health personnel in two communities in Northern Norway...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130386/searching-for-god-illness-related-mortality-threats-and-religious-search-volume-in-google-in-16-nations
#3
Brett W Pelham, Mitsuru Shimizu, Jamie Arndt, Mauricio Carvallo, Sheldon Solomon, Jeff Greenberg
We tested predictions about religiosity and terror management processes in 16 nations. Specifically, we examined weekly variation in Google search volume in each nation for 12 years (all weeks for which data were available). In all 16 nations, higher than usual weekly Google search volume for life-threatening illnesses (cancer, diabetes, and hypertension) predicted increases in search volume for religious content (e.g., God, Jesus, prayer) in the following week. This effect held up after controlling for (a) recent past and annual variation in religious search volume, (b) increases in search volume associated with religious holidays, and (c) variation in searches for a non-life-threatening illness ("sore throat")...
November 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130063/stress-self-regulation-and-context-evidence-from-the-health-and-retirement-survey
#4
Briana Mezuk, Scott Ratliff, Jeannie B Concha, Cleopatra M Abdou, Jane Rafferty, Hedwig Lee, James S Jackson
Health-related behaviors, such as smoking, alcohol use, exercise, and diet, are major determinants of physical health and health disparities. However, a growing body of experimental research in humans and animals also suggests these behaviors can impact the ways our bodies respond to stress, such that they modulate (that is, serve as a means to self-regulate or cope with) the deleterious impact of stressful experiences on mental health. A handful of epidemiologic studies have investigated the intersection between stress and health behaviors on health disparities (both mental and physical), with mixed results...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122246/nurses-knowledge-clinical-practice-and-attitude-towards-unconventional-medicine-implications-for-intercultural-healthcare
#5
Razak Mohammed Gyasi, Kabila Abass, Samuel Adu-Gyamfi, Burnett Tetteh Accam
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this hospital-based, cross-sectional study was to examine nurses' knowledge, personal and professional practices and attitude towards complementary and alternative medical therapies in urban Ghana. METHOD: Using convenience sampling technique, cross-sectional data were collected from 210 registered and practicing nurses with self-administered questionnaire based on the Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) Health Belief Questionnaire (CHBQ)...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120283/expressions-of-prayer-in-residential-care-homes
#6
Sheryl Reimer-Kirkham, Sonya Sharma, Brenda Smith, Kelly Schutt, Kyla Janzen
Although the value of spiritual care in the care of older adults is supported by research, few studies have focused specifically on prayer in residential care settings. This ethnographic study with fifteen chaplains and administrators in eleven residential care homes involved analyses of walking interviews and research diaries. Findings revealed the spaces in which prayer happens and the forms it takes. The identities of chaplains-their own spiritual practices, religious beliefs, and positioning within the facility-shaped their dis/comfort with prayer and how they located prayer within public and private spaces...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101085/physicians-opinions-on-engaging-patients-religious-and-spiritual-concerns-a-national-survey
#7
Christopher L Smyre, Hyo Jung Tak, Augustine P Dang, Farr A Curlin, John D Yoon
CONTEXT: There has been a sustained debate in the medical literature over whether or not physicians should engage with patients' religious and spiritual concerns. OBJECTIVES: This study explores what physicians believe about the relative importance and appropriateness of engaging with patients' spiritual concerns and physicians' choices. METHODS: In 2010, a questionnaire was mailed to 2,016 U.S. physicians with survey items querying about the relative importance of addressing patients' spiritual concerns at the end of life and the appropriateness of interventions in addressing those concerns...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089010/positive-changes-experienced-after-a-first-episode-of-psychosis-a-systematic-review
#8
Gerald Jordan, Kathleen MacDonald, Megan A Pope, Emily Schorr, Ashok K Malla, Srividya N Iyer
OBJECTIVE: Although the negative consequences associated with first-episode psychosis (FEP) have been well investigated, relatively less is known about positive changes that people may experience after FEP. Existing literature is disparate and in need of synthesis. Such a synthesis can inform the design of mental health services that foster strengths, hope, and optimism. The objective of this study was to synthesize the literature on how positive change is experienced after FEP by affected persons and their families and friends and to delineate the individual, social, and structural factors facilitating positive change...
November 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078001/coping-strategies-as-moderators-of-the-association-between-combat-exposure-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms
#9
Thomas W Britt, Amy B Adler, Gargi Sawhney, Paul D Bliese
The present research examined selected coping strategies as moderators of the relationship between combat exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms among service members who were deployed to Iraq (N = 2,023) and Afghanistan (N = 1,023). A three-factor model of coping was confirmed for both military operations: positive emotion-focused, self-blame, and prayer/spirituality. Positive emotion-focused coping was inversely associated with PTSD symptoms (r = -.14) and buffered service members from the negative effects of combat exposure in both Iraq (r(2) = ...
October 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073288/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-in-brazilian-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#10
Luciana Carla Bezerra Machado, Crésio Alves
INTRODUCTION: Patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) resort to complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) for symptomatic relief, to inhibit progression or to reduce side effects associated with conventional therapy. OBJECTIVES: Build a profile and assess the prevalence of the use of CAM in Brazilian children and adolescents with T1DM under conventional treatment. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with interviews with the legal representatives of patients with T1DM (of both gender, aged 2- 17 years)...
2017: Pediatric Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052667/differences-in-coping-among-african-american-women-with-breast-cancer-and-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#11
Crystal C Watkins, Iye Kamara Kanu, Jill B Hamilton, Sharon L Kozachik, Fannie Gaston-Johansson
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine differences in psychological distress, symptoms, coping capacity, and coping abilities among African American (AA) women with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and non-TNBC and to explore differences in relationships among these variables.
. DESIGN: A prospective, descriptive, comparative, and correlational design.
. SETTING: Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland.
. SAMPLE: 30 AA women with breast cancer...
November 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049421/complementary-religious-and-spiritual-interventions-in-physical-health-and-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-clinical-trials
#12
REVIEW
Juliane Piasseschi de Bernardin Gonçalves, Giancarlo Lucchetti, Paulo Rossi Menezes, Homero Vallada
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether religious and spiritual interventions (RSIs) can promote physical health and quality of life in individuals. METHODS: The following databases were used to conduct a systematic review: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cochrane, and Scielo. Randomized controlled trials that evaluated RSIs regarding physical health outcomes and/or quality of life in English, Spanish or Portuguese were included. RSI protocols performed at a distance (i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025275/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-in-minority-and-medically-underserved-oncology-patients-assessment-and-implications
#13
Desiree Jones, Lorenzo Cohen, Alyssa G Rieber, Diana Urbauer, Bryan Fellman, Michael J Fisch, Arlene Nazario
INTRODUCTION: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use in minority and medically underserved oncology patients is not well documented. We assessed knowledge and utilization of CAM in a sample of these patients receiving treatment at an urban community hospital. METHODS: Patients with cancer were interviewed using an electronic application that depicted specific CAM therapies. Patients were questioned on their knowledge and utilization of therapies, deterrents to use, and interest in using these therapies if they were made available...
October 1, 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020851/impact-of-attending-the-diwaniyyah-on-kuwaiti-men-s-health
#14
Maha Al-Sejari
Diwaniyyah is a traditional gathering place for men in the Arab world. Most Kuwaiti men spend most of their time in the diwaniyyah, which is an important part of their social activity. The current study aims to examine the relationship between the diwaniyyah as a social community and the attendees' health conditions to determine how the diwaniyyah affects Kuwaiti men's lifestyle. A questionnaire was distributed among 500 men 16 years old and above. It comprised five parts of data: sociodemographic information, frequency of attending diwaniyyah, types of diwaniyyahs, and health lifestyle of members attending the diwaniyyah...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987036/prayer-healing-a-case-study-research-protocol
#15
Dirk J Kruijthoff, Cornelis van der Kooi, Gerrit Glas, Tineke A Abma
Context • Prayer healing is a common practice in many religious communities around the world. Even in the highly secularized Dutch society, cases of prayer healing are occasionally reported in the media, often generating public attention. There is an ongoing debate regarding whether such miraculous cures do actually occur and how to interpret them. Objective • The aim of the article was to present a research protocol for the investigation of reported cases of remarkable and/or unexplained healing after prayer...
July 2017: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986015/mind-in-deep-time-original-participation-and-re-enchantment-of-the-world
#16
Barry Cottrell
This paper describes my experiences exploring consciousness as an artist-engraver, in particular the sense of reawakening the participatory primal mind, which came about through the act of engraving. This 'original participation' is viewed as a fundamental characteristic of our early Acheuelan ancestors and evidence is presented to show that they possessed both a 'modern' esthetic sense and also a prayerful, sacramental consciousness. It is suggested that this primal consciousness is a fundamental human quality that became eclipsed in the modern mind by the denial of participation and the Cartesian split between subject and object during the Scientific Revolution...
September 1, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983391/health-care-seeking-behavior-of-parents-with-acute-flaccid-paralysis-child
#17
Ayesheshem Ademe Tegegne, Amare Mengistu Mersha
INTRODUCTION: Despite the tremendous increase in the number of modern health institutions, traditional medical practices still remain alternative places of health care service delivery and important sites for disease notification in the disease surveillance system. The objectives of this study are to describe the patterns and factors associated with health care seeking behavior of parents and care takers with acute flaccid paralysis child and see how the traditional practice affect the surveillance system...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977648/psychosocial-mechanisms-underlying-older-black-men-s-health
#18
Tyson H Brown, Taylor W Hargrove
Objectives: To evaluate the psychosocial mechanisms underlying older Black men's self-rated health, we examined: (a) the individual, cumulative, and collective effects of stressors on health; (b) the direct effects of psychosocial resources on health; and (c) the stress-moderating effects of psychosocial resources. Method: This study is based on a nationally representative sample of Black men aged 51-81 (N = 593) in the Health and Retirement Study (HRS). Ordinary least squares (OLS) regression models of the psychosocial determinants of self-rated health draw on data from the HRS 2010 and 2012 Core datasets and Psychosocial Modules...
August 3, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962566/-i-stayed-with-my-illness-a-grounded-theory-study-of-health-seeking-behaviour-and-treatment-pathways-of-patients-with-obstetric-fistula-in-kenya
#19
Anne M Khisa, Grace M Omoni, Isaac K Nyamongo, Rachel F Spitzer
BACKGROUND: Obstetric fistula classic symptoms of faecal and urinary incontinence cause women to live with social stigma, isolation, psychological trauma and lose their source of livelihoods. There is a paucity of studies on the health seeking behaviour trajectories of women with fistula illness although women live with the illness for decades before surgery. We set out to establish the complete picture of women's health seeking behaviour using qualitative research. We sought to answer the question: what patterns of health seeking do women with obstetric fistula display in their quest for healing? METHODS: We used grounded theory methodology to analyse data from narratives of women during inpatient stay after fistula surgery in 3 hospitals in Kenya...
September 29, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959159/religiosity-and-well-being-among-older-jewish-israelis-findings-from-share
#20
Howard Litwin, Ella Schwartz, Dana Avital
This study examined the correlates of religiosity among Jewish Israelis aged 50 and older. Based on the second wave of Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe, the findings show that almost half the Jewish respondents never pray and that, on average, prayer frequency is lower among Jewish Israelis than it is among most of their European counterparts. Multivariate logistic analyses revealed that those who pray more often have more health conditions, are less able to make ends meet financially and have fewer years of education...
2017: Journal of Religion, Spirituality & Aging
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