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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812432/addressing-compassion-fatigue-and-stress-of-special-education-teachers-and-professional-staff-using-mindfulness-and-prayer
#1
Lori M Sharp Donahoo, Beverly Siegrist, Dawn Garrett-Wright
Alternative therapies are promising nursing interventions for improvement of compassion fatigue in educators working in special education. A convenience sample of 27 teachers and professional staff working in special education participated in a quasi-experimental pilot study and completed a pre/posttest of demographic questions, the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) (10-item) and Professional Quality of Life (ProQOL). All attended a presentation on stress, compassion satisfaction (CS), mindfulness, prayer, and social support...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807739/community-based-participatory-research-to-design-a-faith-enhanced-diabetes-prevention-program-the-better-me-within-randomized-trial
#2
Heather Kitzman, Leilani Dodgen, Abdullah Mamun, J Lee Slater, George King, Donna Slater, Alene King, Surendra Mandapati, Mark DeHaven
Reducing obesity positively impacts diabetes and cardiovascular risk; however, evidence-based lifestyle programs, such as the diabetes prevention program (DPP), show reduced effectiveness in African American (AA) women. In addition to an attenuated response to lifestyle programs, AA women also demonstrate high rates of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. To address these disparities, enhancements to evidence-based lifestyle programs for AA women need to be developed and evaluated with culturally relevant and rigorous study designs...
August 11, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802699/relationship-between-limited-joint-mobility-of-hand-and-carotid-atherosclerosis-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#3
Yusuke Mineoka, Michiyo Ishii, Yoshitaka Hashimoto, Muhei Tanaka, Naoto Nakamura, Yasukazu Katsumi, Motohide Isono, Michiaki Fukui
AIM: Limited joint mobility (LJM) of hand, which is one of a complication of diabetic hand, has a close association with diabetic microangiopathy. However, it remains to be elucidated about the relationships between LJM of hand and subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with type 2 diabetes. Therefore, we conducted a cross-sectional study to evaluate the relationships between LJM of hand and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and plaque score in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We evaluated the relationships between LJM of hand, and carotid IMT and plaque score, evaluated by carotid ultrasound examination, in 341 consecutive patients with type 2 diabetes...
July 20, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793106/religiosity-and-spirituality-as-resilience-strategies-among-long-living-older-adults-in-their-daily-lives
#4
Luana Araújo Dos Reis, Tânia Maria de Oliva Menezes
Objective: to investigate religiosity and spirituality as a resilience strategy for the long-living older adults in their daily lives. Method: Qualitative research of phenomenological approach based on Martin Heidegger thoughts. Interviews were conducted with 14 older adults registered at a family health unit in the city of Jequié, BA, Brazil. The data were analyzed in the light of Being and Time. Results: The results revealed that God occupies a central position in their lives, and the reading of the bible, praying the rosary and prayers are resilience strategies used for coping with unfavorable situations, recovery and/or maintenance of health, personal and family protection, and, above all, the experience of a satisfactory aging...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782259/prenatal-assessment-of-cerebellar-vermian-lobulation-fetal-mri-with-3-tesla-post-mortem-correlation
#5
Gregor O Dovjak, Peter C Brugger, Gerlinde M Gruber, Jae W Song, Michael Weber, Georg Langs, Dieter Bettelheim, Daniela Prayer, Gregor Kasprian
OBJECTIVES: To optimize the imaging assessment of fetal hindbrain malformations, this observational MRI study aimed to provide quantitative biometric data in normal vermian development in human fetal brains in vivo. METHODS: In this retrospective, review board approved study, 78 fetuses (18-32 gestational weeks (GW)) scanned prenatally at 1.5T, and seven fetuses (16-30GW), scanned within 24 hours post-mortem at 3T,were included. All fetal brains were segmented on a T2-weighted midline sagittal slice...
August 6, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776851/say-a-prayer-for-the-safe-cutting-of-a-child-s-teeth-the-folklore-of-teething
#6
Sarah Malkiel, Michal Eisenstadt, Uri Pollak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770893/effects-of-activity-repetition-training-with-salat-prayer-versus-task-oriented-training-on-functional-outcomes-of-stroke
#7
Misbah Ghous, Arshad Nawaz Malik, Mian Imran Amjad, Maria Kanwal
Stroke is one of most disabling condition which directly affects quality of life. The objective of this study was to compare the effect of activity repetition training with salat (prayer) versus task oriented training on functional outcomes of stroke. The study design was randomized control trial and 32 patients were randomly assigned into two groups'. The stroke including infarction or haemorrhagic, age bracket 30-70 years was included. The demographics were recorded and standardized assessment tool included Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Motor assessment scale (MAS) and Time Up and Go Test (TUG)...
July 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759895/assessing-acceptability-and-feasibility-of-provider-initiated-hiv-testing-and-counseling-in-ghana
#8
Zachary Tabb, Kathleen Moriarty, Madeleine W Schrier, Ebenezer Amekah, Timothy P Flanigan, Margaret Lartey
t In Ghana, HIV voluntary counseling and testing remains poorly utilized. The World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended opt-out, provider-initiated testing and counseling (PITC) in order to increase utilization and earlier intervention. Yet implementation challenges remain in resource-scarce settings. This study sought to better understand the dynamics of providing PITC at Apam Catholic Hospital, a district referral hospital in Ghana. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with healthcare providers and patients exploring attitudes regarding PITC, community stigma, and HIV knowledge...
August 1, 2017: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753875/islam-and-the-urinary-stoma-a-contemporary-theological-and-urological-dilemma
#9
Saiful Miah, Altaf Mangera, Nadir I Osman, Suresh Venugopal, James Catto, Derek Rosario
BACKGROUND: The prayer ritual is an essential component of Islam that requires entry into a state of physical purity (wudhu) through ablution, which is invalidated by voiding. An important dilemma for patients and surgeons may arise when a Muslim patient is counselled on cystectomy because of the belief by some that an incontinent urinary diversion will automatically invalidate their wudhu. OBJECTIVE: To determine if there are any religious barriers and implications for Muslim patients undergoing an incontinent urinary diversion...
July 13, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750370/social-birth-rites-of-passage-for-the-newborn
#10
Michael Obladen
Rites of passage mark important changes during human life and, for the neonate, its transition from intrauterine life into society. Their original intent was to purify the body from blood and meconium. But the cleansing rites had a spiritual dimension from the very start. When the rites of Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Jewish, Greek, Roman, Hindu, Nordic, Muslim, Maya, and Christian cultures are briefly compared, they reveal a remarkable similarity. What most rites had in common was the cleansing of the body, or sprinkling it with water; special clothing; the exorcism of evil spirits; blessings and prayers for good spirits; and a name-giving ceremony and a feast for family, relatives, and friends...
July 28, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746558/effects-of-prayer-on-the-vital-signs-of-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Thaila Oliveira Zatiti Brasileiro, Andressa Anunciação de Oliveira Prado, Bianca Bacelar de Assis, Denismar Alves Nogueira, Rogério Silva Lima, Erika de Cassia Lopes Chaves
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of prayer on blood pressure, heart rate and respiratory rate in patients with chronic kidney disease and learn their perception of the intervention. METHOD: A randomized controlledtrial, double blind with a sample of volunteers, randomized into an intervention group (n=42) and a control group (n=37). Questionnaires addressing socio-demographic, clinical and spiritual characteristics and the Duke University Religious Index were applied...
July 20, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741091/hospitalized-patients-responses-to-offers-of-prayer
#12
Kathy McMillan, Elizabeth Johnston Taylor
Most Americans pray; many pray about their health. When they are hospitalized, however, do patients want an offer of prayer from a healthcare provider? This project allowed for the measurement of hospitalized patient's responses to massage therapists' offers of a colloquial prayer after a massage. After the intervention, 78 patients completed questionnaires that elicited quantitative data that were analyzed using uni- and bivariate statistical analyses. In this sample, 88% accepted the offer of prayer, 85% found it helpful, and 51% wanted prayer daily...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719223/from-bench-to-bedside-converting-placebo-research-into-belief-activation
#13
Jen Green, Heather Wright
Research on the placebo effect contains important elements that can be harnessed to improve clinical care. This paper proposes a new term, "Belief Activation," to describe the deliberate use of placebo effect tools by both patients and clinicians to catalyze healing. Belief Activation includes, but is not limited to, maximizing patient and practitioner expectations, classical and social conditioning, spirituality and prayer/intention, therapeutic relationship, healing environments, and minimizing the nocebo effect...
August 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709112/mens-inversus-in-corpore-inverso-language-lateralization-in-a-boy-with-situs-inversus-totalis
#14
Anna-Lisa Schuler, Gregor Kasprian, Ernst Schwartz, Rainer Seidl, Mariana C Diogo, Christian Mitter, Georg Langs, Daniela Prayer, Lisa Bartha-Doering
Situs inversus totalis is a rare condition where the visceral organs are organized as a mirror image of default organ position. In this study we picture the co-development between brain and visceral organs in a case of situs inversus totalis from a fetal stage to adolescence and compare our findings to an age-, gender-, and education-matched control with normal position of thoracic and abdominal organs. We show that in this case of situs inversus, functional and structural brain lateralization do not coincide with visceral organ situs...
July 11, 2017: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701940/reduced-pain-sensation-and-reduced-bold-signal-in-parietofrontal-networks-during-religious-prayer
#15
Else-Marie Elmholdt, Joshua Skewes, Martin Dietz, Arne Møller, Martin S Jensen, Andreas Roepstorff, Katja Wiech, Troels S Jensen
Previous studies suggest that religious prayer can alter the experience of pain via expectation mechanisms. While brain processes related to other types of top-down modulation of pain have been studied extensively, no research has been conducted on the potential effects of active religious coping. Here, we aimed at investigating the neural mechanisms during pain modulation by prayer and their dependency on the opioidergic system. Twenty-eight devout Protestants performed religious prayer and a secular contrast prayer during painful electrical stimulation in two fMRI sessions...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697620/is-it-just-religious-practice-exploring-patients-reasons-for-choosing-a-faith-based-primary-health-clinic-over-their-local-public-sector-primary-health-clinic
#16
James D Porter, Graham Bresick
BACKGROUND: Person-centred, re-engineered primary health care (PHC) is a national and global priority. Faith-based health care is a significant provider of PHC in sub-Saharan Africa, but there is limited published data on the reasons for patient choice of faith-based health care, particularly in South Africa. AIM: The primary objective was to determine and explore the reasons for patient choice of a faith-based primary care clinic over their local public sector primary care clinic, and secondarily to determine to what extent these reasons were influenced by demography...
June 29, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695172/women-experiences-of-using-external-breast-prosthesis-after-mastectomy
#17
Zohra Asif Jetha, Raisa B Gul, Sharifa Lalani
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the experiences of breast cancer patients using external breast prostheses (EBP) in the context of the Pakistani society. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive exploratory design was used in the study. In-depth individual interviews were conducted with 15 postmastectomy women using EBP. A semi-structured interview guide with open-ended questions was used for the interviews. The analysis of the data was organized into four categories according to the study questions including reasons for using EBP, feeling about EBP, challenges for using EBP, and coping with lost breast...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692686/neuronal-correlates-of-cognitive-function-in-patients-with-childhood-cerebellar-tumor-lesions
#18
Johanna L Reichert, Monika Chocholous, Ulrike Leiss, Thomas Pletschko, Gregor Kasprian, Julia Furtner, Kathrin Kollndorfer, Jacqueline Krajnik, Irene Slavc, Daniela Prayer, Thomas Czech, Veronika Schöpf, Christian Dorfer
While it has been shown that cerebellar tumor lesions have an impact on cognitive functions, the extent to which they shape distant neuronal pathways is still largely undescribed. Thus, the present neuroimaging study was designed to investigate different aspects of cognitive function and their neuronal correlates in patients after childhood cerebellar tumor surgery. An alertness task, a working memory task and an incompatibility task were performed by 11 patients after childhood cerebellar tumor surgery and 17 healthy controls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652860/qualitative-exploration-of-psychological-reactions-and-coping-strategies-of-breastfeeding-mothers-living-with-hiv-in-the-greater-accra-region-of-ghana
#19
Angela Kwartemaa Acheampong, Florence Naab, Adzo Kwashie
BACKGROUND: Exploring the psychological reactions of breastfeeding mothers living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is an important step which may improve guidelines for counselling. The purpose of this study was to explore the psychological reactions and coping strategies of breastfeeding mothers living with HIV in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana. METHODS: Qualitative descriptive exploratory design was used to explore the psychological experiences and coping strategies of 13 breastfeeding mothers living with HIV in a main referral public hospital, at the greater Accra Region of Ghana...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632412/not-practicing-what-you-preach-religion-and-incongruence-between-pornography-beliefs-and-usage
#20
Samuel L Perry
Religious Americans, and conservative Protestants in particular, have historically been the most ardent opponents of pornography's production, dissemination, and use. Yet while religiously committed and theologically conservative Americans are generally less likely to view pornography than others, the difference is often not as great or consistent as one might suppose given their strong moral stance. Drawing on insights from religious incongruence theory, this study considered whether religious commitment and theological conservatism predicted a greater incongruence between what Americans say they believe about pornography morally and whether they actually watch it...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
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