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Christian Weisstanner, Gerlinde M Gruber, Peter C Brugger, Christan Mitter, Mariana C Diogo, Gregor Kasprian, Daniela Prayer
Foetal MR now plays an important role in the clinical work-up of pregnant women. It is performed mainly at 1.5T. However, the desire to obtain a more precise foetal depiction or the fact that some institutions have access only to a 3T scanner, has resulted in a growing interest in performing foetal MR at 3T. The aim of this article is to provide a reference for the use of 3T MRI as a prenatal diagnostic method.
October 21, 2016: British Journal of Radiology
David Speed, Ken Fowler
The existing literature addressing Religion and Spirituality supports the idea that attending church is positively associated with health outcomes. However, within this literature there has been an impoverished effort to determine whether the Religiously Unaffiliated will report these positive relationships. Using representative data from Ontario (N = 3620), the relationships between Religious/Spiritual variables (Attendance, Prayer/Meditation, and Religiosity) and health outcomes (Happiness, Self-Rated Health, and Satisfaction with Life) were assessed...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
Marie-Noëlle Bélanger-Lévesque, Marc Dumas, Simon Blouin, Jean-Charles Pasquier
BACKGROUND: While spirituality is well described in end-of-life care literature, research on its place in the delivery room remains largely limited to mother-oriented qualitative studies focusing on life-threatening situations (e.g., high-risk pregnancies). Our aim was to compare mothers' and fathers' spirituality during childbirth. METHODS: A mixed methods questionnaire was developed from our childbirth-related spirituality categorization and distributed to all parents of newborns, 12-24 h postpartum, over 45 consecutive days...
September 30, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Dara G Ghahremani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Guy Hindley, John Kissima, Lloyd L Oates, Stella-Maria Paddick, Aloyce Kisoli, Christine Brandsma, William K Gray, Richard W Walker, Declare Mushi, Catherine L Dotchin
BACKGROUND: low diagnostic rates are a barrier to improving care for the growing number of people with dementia in sub-Saharan Africa. Many people with dementia are thought to visit traditional healers (THs) and Christian faith healers (FHs) and these groups may have a role in identifying people with dementia. We aimed to explore the practice and attitudes of these healers regarding dementia in rural Tanzania and investigate attitudes of their patients and their patients' carers. METHODS: this was a qualitative study conducted in Hai district, Tanzania...
October 4, 2016: Age and Ageing
Arjan W Braam, Henrike Galenkamp, Peter Derkx, Marja J Aartsen, Dorly J H Deeg
OBJECTIVES: Gerotranscendence is defined as a transition from a materialistic and rationalistic perspective to a more cosmic and transcendent view of life accompanying the aging process. Would gerotranscendence levels still increase in later life? The current prospective study investigates 10-year trajectories of cosmic transcendence (a core dimension of gerotranscendence). METHODS: Four interview cycles of the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam with 3-year intervals from 1995 to 2006 provide data on cosmic transcendence, demographics (ages 57-85), religiousness, health, sense of mastery, and humor coping...
September 29, 2016: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
Wan-Sheng Jiang, Tao Qin, Wei-Ying Wang, Ya-Peng Zhao, Shu-Sen Shu, Wei-Hong Song, Xiao-Yong Chen, Jun-Xing Yang
Biological invasion is a pervasive negative force of global change, especially in its effects on sensitive freshwater ecosystems. Even protected areas are usually not immune. Ptychobarbus chungtienensis is a threatened freshwater fish now almost confined to Bita Lake, in the Shangri-La region of Yunnan province, China. Its existence is threatened by the introduction of non-native weatherfishes (Misgurnus anguillicaudatus and Paramisgurnus dabryanus) by an unusual method known as 'prayer animal release'. Periodic surveys revealed the ratio of invasive weatherfishes to P...
September 18, 2016: Dong Wu Xue Yan Jiu, Zoological Research
N D Shashikiran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Catherine Dziri, Ines Aloulou, Ines Loubiri, Meriem Rekik, Fatma Zohra Ben Salah, Anouer Abdallah
OBJECTIVE: Knee osteoarthritis is the most common site of osteoarthritis in Tunisia with a prevalence according to Tunisian League Anti-Rheumatic (LITAR) of 27.3%. The functional impact of knee osteoarthritis can cause major disability. The objective of this study is to identify priority disability of knee osteoarthritis by evaluating the Mactar index. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective descriptive study in the department of physical and rehabilitation medicine at Kassab Institute for six months with adult subjects suffering from knee pain associated with radiographically confirmed knee OA...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Winnie Mucherah, Elizabeth Owino, Kaleigh McCoy
While the past decade has seen an improvement in attitudes toward homosexuality, negative attitudes are still prevalent in many parts of the world. In general, increased levels of education tend to be predictive of relatively positive attitudes toward homosexuality. However, in most sub-Saharan countries, it is still believed that people are born heterosexual and that nonheterosexuals are social deviants who should be prosecuted. One such country is Kenya, where homosexuality is illegal and attracts a fine or jail term...
2016: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
N Asokan, V G Binesh
BACKGROUND: There are few population-based studies on prevalence of cutaneous problems in diabetes mellitus. AIMS: To identify skin problems associated with diabetes mellitus among elderly persons in a village in Kerala. METHODS: In this population-based cross-sectional survey, we compared the prevalence of skin problems among 287 elderly diabetics (aged 65 years or more) with 275 randomly selected elderly persons without diabetes mellitus...
September 20, 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
Okechukwu Thompson, IkeOluwapo Ajayi
Objective. The prevalence of antenatal depression (AD) and associated risk factors among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Abeokuta North Local Government Area, Nigeria, was determined. Methods. A descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted, interviewing 314 pregnant women selected by multistage sampling technique from among those attending antenatal clinics. Information was collected using structured questionnaire and a screening tool, Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), to assess probable depression...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
Daniel Arias, Lauren Taylor, Angela Ofori-Atta, Elizabeth H Bradley
BACKGROUND: Experts have suggested that intersectoral partnerships between prayer camps and biomedical care providers may be an effective strategy to address the overwhelming shortage of mental health care workers in Africa and other low-income settings. Nevertheless, previous studies have not explored whether the prayer camp and biomedical staff beliefs and practices provide sufficient common ground to enable cooperative relationships. Therefore, we sought to examine the beliefs and practices of prayer camp staff and the perspective of biomedical care providers, with the goal of characterizing interest in-and potential for-intersectoral partnership between prayer camp staff and biomedical care providers...
2016: PloS One
Cheryl Patton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
Kerry A Milner, Kim Foito, Sherylyn Watson
Nurse educators need to equip nursing students with suitable resources and education so they can develop their own spiritual care, as well as recognize spiritual care needs in patients. There is a paucity of literature on teaching strategies for spiritual care and prayer in undergraduate nursing programs. This article describes how one faith-based school implemented strategies to facilitate spiritual development in students, which are integrated throughout the curriculum and utilized in the U.S. and a study-abroad program in Ireland...
October 2016: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
Rosalinda Ramirez Jimenez
This is a reflective analysis on the lived experience of a medical mission in a third world country, where young women are abused and trafficked for sex. Practices of Scripture study, Lectio Divina, and contemplative prayer enabled me to deal with the spiritual darkness we encountered. Opening a dialogue with community members to view males and females in a different manner and battling alongside the local mission and ministers against sex trafficking, are not easy tasks. The perseverance found in the Bible gives us hope to be witnesses and healers in our broken world, and a small part in change that can take root with prayer...
October 2016: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
Gyu-Min Yeon, Sang Ook Nam
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is a phrase used to describe additional health care methods such as mind/body practices and natural products not regarded as treatments by conventional medicine. The use of CAM in children with common neurologic diseases is more frequent than its use in healthy children (24%-78% vs. 12%). However, less than half of patients report such use to their physicians. The preferred modalities of CAM vary in different countries due to their different cultures and traditions...
August 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
Shaoguo Zhai, Qi Zhuang, Pei Wang, Zhaoxi Wang, Peter C Coyte
This study used quantitative and qualitative data collected in the Guanzhong Qinling area of China to examine living conditions and perceived needs for social security among men and women of the clergy. The survey finds that most respondent clergy are Buddhists. When the clergy have economic difficulties, their main types of support include self-support (28.8%), help from other believers (25.6%), and assistance from other community residents (18.4%). When the clergy are old, they tend to live alone (25%), receive institutional care from religious organizations (19%), and receive support from other believers (18%)...
September 1, 2016: Social Work in Public Health
Anna Maria de Oliveira Salimena, Roberta Rocha Belligoli Ferrugini, Maria Carmen Simões Cardoso de Melo, Thais Vasconselos Amorim
OBJECTIVE: To understand the meanings of spirituality from the perspective of patients with mental disorders. METHOD: Qualitative phenomenological research conducted with nine users of a centre for psychosocial care in a city in the interior of Minas Gerais, Brazil, in February 2014. RESULTS: Two units of meaning emerged from the comprehensive analysis: Spirituality is a therapeutic support for mental health; The temple is the religious manifestation of spirituality...
September 2016: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
Maher Abouda, Senda Turki, Amani Hachicha, Ferdaous Yangui, Miriam Triki, Med Ridha Charfi
BACKGROUND: Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) affects 5% to 20% of the population and is involved in a large number of traffic accidents. EDS is a major symptom in sleep disorders, especially obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA). The daytime sleepiness is evaluated subjectively using scales and questionnaires based on perception. This study is aimed to build a new questionnaire more suited to our lifestyle and then to compare it to the Epworth sleepiness scales (ESS). METHODS: We administered to 91 adult's patients (76 men and 15 women) consulting for sleep disturbance the ESS and a single subjective question tendency to drowsiness during the Friday prayer...
March 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
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