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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074803/prayer-sign-as-a-marker-of-increased-ventilatory-hours-length-of-intensive-care-unit-and-hospital-stay-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-surgery
#1
Tanveer Singh Kundra, Parminder Kaur, N Manjunatha
CONTEXT: Various predictors have been used to predict diabetic patients who are likely to have increased ventilatory hours and an increased length of stay (LOS) in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) as well as in the hospital after undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery, for example, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c). The authors propose a simple bed-side test, i.e., the prayer sign to predict increased ventilatory hours and increased length of ICU and hospital stay. AIMS: The aim of the present study was to assess whether any association exists between a positive prayer sign and increased ventilatory hours, length of ICU and hospital stay after CABG surgery in diabetic patients...
January 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074257/outcomes-of-dual-mobility-cups-in-a-young-middle-eastern-population-and-its-influence-on-life-style
#2
Chahine Assi, Elie El-Najjar, Camille Samaha, Kaissar Yammine
Dual mobility cups (DMC) in total hip arthroplasty (THA) are becoming popular among orthopaedic surgeons. Substantial benefit of their use has been reported among high risk patients, particularly in reducing post-operative hip instability (dislocation). Many reports stated some concern when implanted in young and active people where complications such as polyethylene wear and mechanical loosening could potentially be higher. This Middle Eastern study analyses a retrospective series of THA for any aetiology other than infection, using DMC for the acetabular component in 75 patients (85 implants) less than 70 years old...
January 10, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053899/unconventional-medical-practices-among-ghanaian-students-a-university-based-survey
#3
Razak Mohammed Gyasi, Williams Agyemang-Duah, Charlotte Monica Mensah, Francis Arthur, Roselyn Torkornoo, Padmore Adusei Amoah
Research on unconventional medical practices among students has proliferated lately in the global space, hitherto, little is known explicitly in Ghana. This paper teases out insights for recent utilisation patterns of traditional medical therapies at Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Ghana. A sample of 754, randomly selected undergraduates were involved in a retrospective cross-sectional survey. Data were analysed using multivariate logistic regression and Pearson's χ(2) test with p < 0...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050694/survival-prediction-using-temporal-muscle-thickness-measurements-on-cranial-magnetic-resonance-images-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-brain-metastases
#4
Julia Furtner, Anna S Berghoff, Omar M Albtoush, Ramona Woitek, Ulrika Asenbaum, Daniela Prayer, Georg Widhalm, Brigitte Gatterbauer, Karin Dieckmann, Peter Birner, Bernadette Aretin, Rupert Bartsch, Christoph C Zielinski, Veronika Schöpf, Matthias Preusser
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prognostic relevance of temporal muscle thickness (TMT) in brain metastasis patients. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed TMT on magnetic resonance (MR) images at diagnosis of brain metastasis in two independent cohorts of 188 breast cancer (BC) and 247 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients (overall: 435 patients). RESULTS: Survival analysis using a Cox regression model showed a reduced risk of death by 19% with every additional millimetre of baseline TMT in the BC cohort and by 24% in the NSCLC cohort...
January 3, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041787/brain-mechanisms-in-religion-and-spirituality-an-integrative-predictive-processing-framework
#5
REVIEW
Michiel van Elk, André Aleman
We present the theory of predictive processing as a unifying framework to account for the neurocognitive basis of religion and spirituality. Our model is substantiated by discussing four different brain mechanisms that play a key role in religion and spirituality: temporal brain areas are associated with religious visions and ecstatic experiences; multisensory brain areas and the default mode network are involved in self-transcendent experiences; the Theory of Mind-network is associated with prayer experiences and over attribution of intentionality; top-down mechanisms instantiated in the anterior cingulate cortex and the medial prefrontal cortex could be involved in acquiring and maintaining intuitive supernatural beliefs...
December 29, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035632/knowledge-and-attitudes-of-the-faculty-of-theology-students-on-organ-transplantation
#6
Seher Gürdil Yilmaz, Burcu Opak Yücel, Döndü Çuhadar
The objective in this study is to determine the knowledge and attitudes of the Faculty of Theology students on organ transplantation. The study that was planned as a descriptive study took place between March-May 2014 with the participation of 119 students enrolled at the Faculty of Theology. It was determined as a result of the study that the students see lack of knowledge (49.6%) as the top obstacle for organ transplantation followed by religion (21%), that 52.1% accept that organ transplantation is not forbidden in Islam; that 27...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033482/the-influence-of-religious-attendance-on-smoking-among-black-men
#7
Janice V Bowie, Lauren J Parker, Michelle Beadle-Holder, Ashley Ezema, Marino A Bruce, Roland J Thorpe
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking poses a major public health problem that disproportionately affects Blacks and men. Religious attendance has been shown to be positively associated with health promotion and disease prevention among the Black population. In light of this evidence, this study examined if a similar relationship could be found for religious attendance and smoking in Black men. METHODS: The National Survey of American Life (NSAL) study sampled 1,271 African American men and 562 Black Caribbean men...
December 29, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017280/nutritional-beliefs-and-practices-among-diabetic-pregnant-mothers-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-bangladesh
#8
Ummy Salma Munni, Sharmin Hossain, Kazi Rumana Ahmed
BACKGROUND & AIM: Pregnant mothers with diabetes, especially in developing countries, are particularly prone to suffer from dietary imbalances due to superstitions and irrational beliefs and practices. The study aimed to explore the existing beliefs and practices related to food intake among Bangladeshi diabetic pregnant mothers. MATERIAL & METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 200 diabetic pregnant mothers (age in yrs, M±SD, 30±4), selected purposively from outpatient department of Bangladesh Institute of Research and Rehabilitation in Diabetes, Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders...
December 13, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012466/like-a-prayer
#9
EDITORIAL
The Lancet Psychiatry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994361/validation-of-a-modified-hindi-version-of-the-epworth-sleepiness-scale-among-a-north-indian-population
#10
Geetika Bajpai, Garima Shukla, Ravindra M Pandey, Anupama Gupta, Mohammed Afsar, Vinay Goyal, Achal Srivastava, Madhuri Behari
BACKGROUND: Since a majority of population in India does not drive automobiles, one item on the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) requires modification and validation. In addition, data collected by us indicated that a majority of rural and urban Indians regularly spend time in prayer/spiritual activity. The main purpose of this study was to develop a cross-cultural adaptation of the ESS for a North Indian population, in Hindi language (ESS-I). The study also provides evidence of reliability and validity of the modified version...
October 2016: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872266/diversity-within-the-psychotic-continuum
#11
T M Luhrmann
There has been great interest in the hallucination-like events experienced by the general nonclinical population. Many psychiatric scientists have come to identify these as part of a "psychotic continuum" and have begun to ask what we might learn from these experiences that will enable us to better understand and treat psychosis. While sympathetic to this goal, this paper argues that many of these events in the nonclinical population may be associated with the attention to inner imagery characteristic of much religious practice like unscripted prayer...
January 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843860/rhabdomyolysis-in-dak-bum-devotees-a-case-series
#12
Sonia Singh, Pankaj Hans
INTRODUCTION: India is a land of culture and heritage always known for its rituals. The devotees offer their prayers in the form of fasting, sacrifices and many other difficult ways to please Almighty! While doing so they often endanger their lives. Rhabdomyolysis, in a particular group of devotees of Bihar/Jharkhand known as Dak-Bum, is a life-threatening clinical entity which occurs in these devotees who travel a long distance in a short period in a fasting state. Rhabdomyolysis detected by myoglobinuria can lead to acute kidney injury and mortality...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843585/radiological-staging-in-pregnant-patients-with-cancer
#13
REVIEW
Ramona Woitek, Daniela Prayer, Azadeh Hojreh, Thomas Helbich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833570/phenotypic-dimensions-of-spirituality-implications-for-mental-health-in-china-india-and-the-united-states
#14
Clayton H McClintock, Elsa Lau, Lisa Miller
While the field of empirical study on religion and spirituality in relation to mental health has rapidly expanded over the past decade, little is known about underlying dimensions of spirituality cross-culturally conceived. We aimed to bridge this gap by inductively deriving potential universal dimensions of spirituality through a large-scale, multi-national data collection, and examining the relationships of these dimensions with common psychiatric conditions. Five-thousand five-hundred and twelve participants from China, India, and the United States completed a two-hour online survey consisting of wide-ranging measures of the lived experience of spirituality, as well as clinical assessments...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826380/an-answered-prayer
#15
JaMís Monet Jackson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809225/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-and-latina-breast-cancer-survivors-symptoms-and-functioning
#16
Christina L Rush, Tania Lobo, Adriana Serrano, Maxie Blasini, Claudia Campos, Kristi D Graves
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is used widely in cancer populations, particularly among women, and has shown promise for addressing symptom and functioning outcomes. Few studies to date have evaluated CAM use and associations over time with symptoms and function among Latina breast cancer survivors. We administered a baseline (N = 136) and follow-up (n = 58) telephone survey in Spanish or English assessing Latina breast cancer survivor demographics, physical function, anxiety, depression, fatigue, satisfaction with social roles, and both CAM activities and devotional and spiritual practices...
October 31, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806809/increased-level-of-morning-surge-in-blood-pressure-in-normotensives-across-sectional-study-from-pakistan
#17
Aysha Almas, Fatehali Tipoo Sultan, Khawar Kazmi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the mean morning surge (MS) in blood pressure, the frequency of increased morning surge in normotensive subjects, and to compare those with morning surge with those without MS. STUDY DESIGN: Across-sectional, comparative study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Department of Medicine, The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from April 2011 to March 2012. METHODOLOGY: Adult normotensive healthy volunteers aged 35 to 65 years were inducted...
October 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793250/creating-healing-environments-through-the-theory-of-caring
#18
Vivian Norman, Kim Rossillo, Katie Skelton
We describe the journey of personnel at one hospital to create a healing environment for patients and staff members at all levels through the implementation of Watson's Theory of Human Caring and her Caritas Processes (ie, loving kindness, authentic presence, spirituality, being the environment, believing in miracles). We used experiential teaching and learning to explore the nursing theory with staff members. Positive outcomes include using Caritas Processes care plans in our electronic medical record, greater ease in the understanding and application of Watson's theory, integrating a blessing for nurses during National Nurses Week, inclusion of ministry formation courses to extend the mission of the hospital's founding religious order to current and future employees, and positive patient feedback...
November 2016: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784820/older-church-going-african-americans-attitudes-and-expectations-about-formal-depression-care
#19
Tracy Wharton, Daphne C Watkins, Jamie Mitchell, Helen Kales
This phenomenological study involved focus groups with church-affiliated, African American women and men (N = 50; ages 50 and older) in southeast Michigan to determine their attitudes and expectations around formal mental health care. Data analysis employed a constant comparative approach and yielded themes related to formal mental health care, along with delineating concerns about defining depression, health, and well-being. Health and well-being were defined as inclusive of physical and spiritual aspects of self...
October 26, 2016: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781282/the-role-of-religious-context-in-children-s-differentiation-between-god-s-mind-and-human-minds
#20
Rebekah A Richert, Anondah R Saide, Kirsten A Lesage, Nicholas J Shaman
The current study examined the cultural factors (i.e., religious background, religious participation, parents' views of prayer, and parents' concepts of God) that contribute to children's differentiation between the capabilities of human minds and God's mind. Protestant Christian, Roman Catholic, Muslim, and Religiously Non-Affiliated parents and their preschool-aged children were interviewed (N = 272). Children of Muslim parents differentiated the most between God's mind and human minds (i.e., human minds are fallible but God's is not), and children who had greater differentiation between God's and humans' minds had parents who had the least anthropomorphic conceptions of God...
October 26, 2016: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
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