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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915254/ompf-of-pectobacterium-carotovorum-subsp-carotovorum-pcc3-is-required-for-carocin-d-sensitivity
#1
Jeong-A Lim, Jisoo Hong, Jonguk Kim, Sunggi Heu, Eunjung Roh
Carocin D is a bacteriocin produced by Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum Pcc21. Carocin D inhibits the growth of P carotovorum subsp. carotovorum and closely related strains, P carotovorum subsp. carotovorum is causative bacteria for soft rot disease and leads to severe economic losses. Bacteriocins recognize and interact with a specific membrane protein of target bacteria as a receptor. To identify the receptor responsible for carocin D recognition, mutants that underwent a phenotypic change from carocin D-sensitivity to carocin D-insensitivity were screened...
December 2, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914002/phenotypic-and-genotypic-characterization-of-bacteriocinogenic-enterococci-against-clostridium-botulinum
#2
Awad A Shehata, Reda Tarabees, Shereen Basiouni, Mahmoud Gamil, Ahmed S Kamal, Monika Krüger
The present study aimed to characterize Enterococcus faecalis (n = -6) and Enterococcus faecium (n = 1) isolated from healthy chickens to find a novel perspective probiotic candidate that antagonize Clostridium botulinum types A, B, D, and E. The isolated enterococci were characterized based on phenotypic properties, PCR, and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight (MALDI-TOF). The virulence determinants including hemolytic activity on blood agar, gelatinase activity, sensitivity to vancomycin, and presence of gelatinase (gelE) and enterococcal surface protein (esp) virulence genes were investigated...
December 2, 2016: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908758/thermally-triggered-release-of-the-bacteriophage-endolysin-chapk-and-the-bacteriocin-lysostaphin-for-the-control-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-mrsa
#3
Hollie Hathaway, Jude Ajuebor, Liam Stephens, Aidan Coffey, Ursula Potter, J Mark Sutton, A Toby A Jenkins
Staphylococcus aureus infections of the skin and soft tissue pose a major concern to public health, largely owing to the steadily increasing prevalence of drug resistant isolates. As an alternative mode of treatment both bacteriophage endolysins and bacteriocins have been shown to possess antimicrobial efficacy against multiple species of bacteria including otherwise drug resistant strains. Despite this, the administration and exposure of such antimicrobials should be restricted until required in order to discourage the continued evolution of bacterial resistance, whilst maintaining the activity and stability of such proteinaceous structures...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902436/exploring-the-parameters-of-post-segregation-killing-using-heterologous-expression-of-secreted-toxin-barnase-and-antitoxin-barstar-in-an-e-coli-case-study
#4
Dorien S Coray, Brigitta Kurenbach, Jack A Heinemann
Post-segregational killing (PSK) is a phenotype determined by plasmids using a toxin and an antitoxin (TA) gene pair. Loss of the genes depletes the cell's reserve of antitoxin and allows the toxin to act upon the cell. PSK benefits mobile elements when it increases reproductive success relative to other mobile competitors. A side effect of PSK is that plasmids become refractory to displacement from the cell during growth as a monoculture. Most PSK systems use a cytoplasmic toxin, but the external toxins of bacteriocins also have a PSK-like effect...
November 16, 2016: Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902417/lantibiotics-produced-by-actinobacteria-and-their-potential-applications-a-review
#5
Karen Gomes, Rafael Silva Duarte, Maria do Carmo de Freire Bastos
The phylum Actinobacteria, which comprises a great variety of Gram-positive bacteria with a high G+C content in their genomes, is known for its large production of bioactive compounds, including those with antimicrobial activity. Among the antimicrobials, bacteriocins, ribosomally-synthesized peptides, represent an important arsenal of potential new drugs to face the increasing prevalence of resistance to antibiotics among microbial pathogens. The actinobacterial bacteriocins form a heterogeneous group of substances that is difficult to adapt to most proposed classification schemes...
November 22, 2016: Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878401/enterocin-b3a-b3b-produced-by-lab-collected-from-infant-faeces-potential-utilization-in-the-food-industry-for-listeria-monocytogenes-biofilm-management
#6
Alaa Al-Seraih, Yanath Belguesmia, John Baah, Sabine Szunerits, Rabah Boukherroub, Djamel Drider
Enterococcus faecalis B3A-B3B produces the bacteriocin B3A-B3B with activity against Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Clostridium perfringens, but apparently not against fungi or Gram-negative bacteria, except for Salmonella Newport. B3A-B3B enterocin has two different nucleotides but similar amino acid composition to the class IIb MR10A-MR10B enterocin. B3A-B3B consists of two peptides of predicted molecular mass of 5176.31 Da (B3A) and 5182...
November 22, 2016: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869143/genome-mining-unveils-widespread-natural-product-biosynthetic-capacity-in-human-oral-microbe-streptococcus-mutans
#7
Liwei Liu, Tingting Hao, Zhoujie Xie, Geoff P Horsman, Yihua Chen
Streptococcus mutans is a major pathogen causing human dental caries. As a Gram-positive bacterium with a small genome (about 2 Mb) it is considered a poor source of natural products. Due to a recent explosion in genomic data available for S. mutans strains, we were motivated to explore the natural product production potential of this organism. Bioinformatic characterization of 169 publically available genomes of S. mutans from human dental caries revealed a surprisingly rich source of natural product biosynthetic gene clusters...
November 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856594/draft-genome-sequence-of-the-thermotolerant-cyanobacterium-desertifilum-sp-ippas-b-1220
#8
Kirill S Mironov, Maria A Sinetova, Kenzhegul Bolatkhan, Bolatkhan K Zayadan, Vera V Ustinova, Elena V Kupriyanova, Alexandra N Skrypnik, Natalya E Gogoleva, Yuriy V Gogolev, Dmitry A Los
Here, we report the draft genome of the filamentous cyanobacterium Desertifilum sp. strain IPPAS B-1220, isolated from Lake Shar-Nuur, Mongolia. The genome of 6.1 Mb codes for 5,113 genes. Genome mining revealed 10 clusters for the synthesis of bioactive compounds (nonribosomal peptides, polyketides, bacteriocins, and lantipeptides) with potential biotechnological or medical importance.
November 17, 2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856233/liars-reporter-assay-a-simple-tool-to-identify-lipid-ii-binding-moieties-in-lantibiotic-nukacin-isk-1
#9
Khaled M Elsayed, Mohammad R Islam, Abdullah-Al-Mahin, Jun-Ichi Nagao, Takeshi Zendo, Kenji Sonomoto
Binding to lipid II is an important step in the mode of action of most lantibiotics targeting the bacterial cell wall. We applied the Bacillus subtilis two-component system, LiaRS, that is known to respond to antibiotics interfering with lipid II cycle, in order to evaluate lipid II binding activity of known bacteriocins and also to identify lipid II binding moieties in lantibiotic nukacin ISK-1. Using this method, we confirmed that the methyllanthionine ring in nukacin ISK-1 is crucial for lipid II binding as previously indicated...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853525/bacteriocin-production-a-relatively-unharnessed-probiotic-trait
#10
REVIEW
James W Hegarty, Caitriona M Guinane, R Paul Ross, Colin Hill, Paul D Cotter
Probiotics are "live microorganisms which, when consumed in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit to the host". A number of attributes are highly sought after among these microorganisms, including immunomodulation, epithelial barrier maintenance, competitive exclusion, production of short-chain fatty acids, and bile salt metabolism. Bacteriocin production is also generally regarded as a probiotic trait, but it can be argued that, in contrast to other traits, it is often considered a feature that is desirable, rather than a key probiotic trait...
2016: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847812/comparative-genomic-analysis-of-delftia-tsuruhatensis-mtq3-and-the-identification-of-functional-nrps-genes-for-siderophore-production
#11
Haimeng Guo, Yanan Yang, Kai Liu, Wenfeng Xu, Jianyong Gao, Hairong Duan, Binghai Du, Yanqin Ding, Chengqiang Wang
Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are a group of rhizosphere bacteria that promote plant growth. Delftia tsuruhatensis MTQ3 is a member of PGPR that produces siderophores. The draft genome sequence of MTQ3 has been reported. Here, we analyzed the genome sequence of MTQ3 and performed a comparative genome analysis of four sequenced Delftia strains, revealing genetic relationships among these strains. In addition, genes responsible for bacteriocin and nonribosomal peptide synthesis were detected in the genomes of each strain...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844338/phospholipid-polydiacetylene-vesicle-based-colorimetric-assay-for-high-throughput-screening-of-bacteriocins-and-halocins
#12
Manoj Kumar Yadav, Vijay Kumar, Bijender Singh, Santosh Kumar Tiwari
The colorimetric assay is phospholipid/polydiacetylene vesicle-based assay used for the detection of membrane-acting peptides. Bacteriocins and halocins are antimicrobial peptides known to kill target cells by membrane disruption. Therefore, the assay was applied for high-throughput (HTP) screening of bacteriocins and halocins produced by lactic acid bacteria and haloarchaea, respectively. The assay consisted of vesicles which were synthesized using four different phospholipids: dipalmitoylphosphatydilcholine (DPPC), dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC), dimyristoylphosphoethanolamine (DMPE) and dimyristoylphosphatidylglycerol (DMPG) in combination with diacetylene monomer 10,12-tricosadiy noic acid (TRCDA)...
November 14, 2016: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842869/isolation-and-biochemical-characterisation-of-a-bacteriocin-like-substance-produced-by-bacillus-amyloliquefaciens-an6
#13
Hanen Ben Ayed, Hana Maalej, Noomen Hmidet, Moncef Nasri
This study focuses on the isolation and characterisation of a peptide with bacteriocin-like properties from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens An6. Incubation conditions were optimised, and the effects of the incubation period and of carbon and nitrogen sources were investigated. The produced bacteriocin was partially purified with ammonium sulphate precipitation, dialysis and ultrafiltration and was then biochemically characterised. Maximum bacteriocin production was achieved after 48h of incubation in a culture medium containing 20g/L starch and 10g/L yeast extract, with an initial pH 8...
December 2015: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836763/weight-gain-by-gut-microbiota-manipulation-in-productive-animals
#14
REVIEW
Emmanouil Angelakis
Antibiotics, prebiotics and probiotics are widely used as growth promoters in agriculture. In the 1940s, use of Streptomyces aureofaciens probiotics resulted in weight gain in animals, which led to the discovery of chlortetracycline. Tetracyclines, macrolides, avoparcin and penicillins have been commonly used in livestock agriculture to promote growth through increased food intake, weight gain, and improved herd health. Prebiotic supplements including oligosaccharides, fructooligosaccharides, and galactosyl-lactose improve the growth performance of animals...
November 9, 2016: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822519/comprehensive-transcriptome-profiles-of-streptococcus-mutans-ua159-map-core-streptococcal-competence-genes
#15
R Khan, H V Rukke, H Høvik, H A Åmdal, T Chen, D A Morrison, F C Petersen
In Streptococcus mutans, an oral colonizer associated with dental caries, development of competence for natural genetic transformation is triggered by either of two types of peptide pheromones, competence-stimulating peptides (CSPs) (18 amino acids [aa]) or SigX-inducing peptides (XIPs) (7 aa). Competence induced by CSP is a late response to the pheromone that requires the response regulator ComE and the XIP-encoding gene comS. XIP binds to ComR to allow expression of the alternative sigma factor SigX and the effector genes it controls...
March 2016: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821051/identification-and-classification-of-known-and-putative-antimicrobial-compounds-produced-by-a-wide-variety-of-bacillales-species
#16
Xin Zhao, Oscar P Kuipers
BACKGROUND: Gram-positive bacteria of the Bacillales are important producers of antimicrobial compounds that might be utilized for medical, food or agricultural applications. Thanks to the wide availability of whole genome sequence data and the development of specific genome mining tools, novel antimicrobial compounds, either ribosomally- or non-ribosomally produced, of various Bacillales species can be predicted and classified. Here, we provide a classification scheme of known and putative antimicrobial compounds in the specific context of Bacillales species...
November 7, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812926/purification-and-characterization-of-a-novel-anti-campylobacter-bacteriocin-produced-by-lactobacillus-curvatus-dn317
#17
Mohamed Zommiti, Hamdan Almohammed, Mounir Ferchichi
The lactic acid bacteria (LAB) microbiota of Saudi chicken ceca was determined. From 60 samples, 204 isolates of lactic acid bacteria were obtained. Three isolates produced antimicrobial activities against Campylobacter jejuni, Listeria monocytogenes, and Bacillus subtilis. The isolate DN317, which had the highest activity against Campylobacter jejuni ATCC 33560, was identified as Lactobacillus curvatus (GenBank accession numbers: KX353849 and KX353850). Full inhibitory activity was observed after a 2-h incubation with the supernatant at pH values between 4 and 8...
November 3, 2016: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808503/nuclear-magnetic-resonance-structure-and-mutational-analysis-of-the-lactococcin-a-immunity-protein
#18
Per Eugen Kristiansen, Cecilia Persson, Virginia Fuochi, Anders Pedersen, Göran B Karlsson, Jon Nissen-Meyer, Camilla Oppegård
The class IId bacteriocin lactococcin A and the pediocin-like bacteriocins induce membrane leakage and cell death by specifically binding the mannose phophotransferase system (man-PTS) on their target cells. The bacteriocins' cognate immunity proteins that protect the producer cell from its own bacteriocin recognize and bind to the bacteriocin-man-PTS complex and thereby block membrane leakage. In this study, we have determined the three-dimensional structure of the lactococcin A immunity protein (LciA) by the use of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy...
November 3, 2016: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808235/identification-of-a-two-component-class-iib-bacteriocin-in-streptococcus-pyogenes-by-recombinase-based-in-vivo-expression-technology
#19
Brent D Armstrong, Christine A Herfst, Nicholas C Tonial, Adrienne T Wakabayashi, Joseph J Zeppa, John K McCormick
Streptococcus pyogenes is a globally prominent bacterial pathogen that exhibits strict tropism for the human host, yet bacterial factors responsible for the ability of S. pyogenes to compete within this limited biological niche are not well understood. Using an engineered recombinase-based in vivo expression technology (RIVET) system, we identified an in vivo-induced promoter region upstream of a predicted Class IIb bacteriocin system in the M18 serotype S. pyogenes strain MGAS8232. This promoter element was not active under in vitro laboratory conditions, but was highly induced within the mouse nasopharynx...
November 3, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800430/in-vitro-evaluation-of-bacteriocin-like-inhibitory-substances-produced-by-lactic-acid-bacteria-isolated-during-traditional-sicilian-cheese-making
#20
Giusi Macaluso, Gerlando Fiorenza, Raimondo Gaglio, Isabella Mancuso, Maria Luisa Scatassa
Bacteriocins are antimicrobial proteins produced by bacteria that inhibit the growth of other bacteria with a bactericidal or bacteriostatic mode of action. Many lactic acid bacteria (LAB) produce a high diversity of different bacteriocins. Bacteriocinogenic LAB are generally recognised as safe (GRAS) and useful to control the frequent development of pathogens and spoilage microorganisms. For this reason they are commonly used as starter cultures in food fermentations. In this study, the authors describe the results of a screening on 699 LAB isolated from wooden vat surfaces, raw milk and traditional Sicilian cheeses, for the production of bacteriocin-like inhibitory substances, by comparing two alternative methods...
January 18, 2016: Italian Journal of Food Safety
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