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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535747/in-vitro-assessment-of-pediococcus-acidilactici-kp10-for-its-potential-use-in-the-food-industry
#1
Sahar Abbasiliasi, Joo Shun Tan, Fatemeh Bashokouh, Tengku Azmi Tengku Ibrahim, Shuhaimi Mustafa, Faezeh Vakhshiteh, Subhashini Sivasamboo, Arbakariya B Ariff
BACKGROUND: Selection of a microbial strain for the incorporation into food products requires in vitro and in vivo evaluations. A bacteriocin-producing lactic acid bacterium (LAB), Pediococcus acidilactici Kp10, isolated from a traditional dried curd was assessed in vitro for its beneficial properties as a potential probiotic and starter culture. The inhibitory spectra of the bacterial strain against different gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, its cell surface hydrophobicity and resistance to phenol, its haemolytic, amylolytic and proteolytic activities, ability to produce acid and coagulate milk together with its enzymatic characteristics and adhesion property were all evaluated in vitro...
May 23, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534113/cysteine-rich-low-molecular-weight-antimicrobial-peptides-from-brevibacillus-and-related-genera-for-biotechnological-applications
#2
REVIEW
Piyush Baindara, Anoop Kapoor, Suresh Korpole, Vishakha Grover
The production of natural antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) is an innate immunity trait of all life forms including eukaryotes and prokaryotes. While these AMPs are usually called as defensins in eukaryotes, they are known as bacteriocins in prokaryotes. Bacteriocins are more diverse AMPs considering their varied composition and posttranslational modifications. Accordingly, this review is focused on cysteine-rich AMPs resembling eukaryotic defensins such as laterosporulin from Brevibacillus spp. and associated peptides secreted by the members of related genera...
June 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533181/comparative-genome-analysis-of-lactobacillus-plantarum-gb-lp3-provides-candidates-of-survival-related-genetic-factors
#3
Soomin Jeon, Jaehoon Jung, Kwondo Kim, DongAhn Yoo, Chanho Lee, Jungsun Kang, Kyungjin Cho, Dae-Kyung Kang, Woori Kwak, Sook Hee Yoon, Heebal Kim, Seoae Cho
Lactobacillus plantarum is found in various environmental niches such as in the gastrointestinal tract of an animal host or a fermented food. This species isolated from a certain environment is known to possess a variety of properties according to inhabited environment's adaptation. However, a causal relationship of a genetic factor and phenotype affected by a specific environment has not been systematically comprehended. L. plantarum GB-LP3 strain was isolated from Korean traditional fermented vegetable and the whole genome of GB-LP3 was sequenced...
May 19, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526791/pseudomonas-chlororaphis-produces-two-distinct-r-tailocins-that-contribute-to-bacterial-competition-in-biofilms-and-on-roots
#4
Robert J Dorosky, Jun Myoung Yu, Leland S Pierson, Elizabeth A Pierson
R-type tailocins are high molecular weight bacteriocins that resemble bacteriophage tails and are encoded within the genomes of many Pseudomonas species. In this study, analysis of the P. chlororaphis 30-84 R-tailocin gene cluster revealed that it encodes the structural components to produce two R-tailocins of different ancestral origin. Two distinct R-tailocin populations differing in length were observed in UV induced lysates of P. chlororaphis 30-84 via transmission electron microscopy. Mutants defective in the production of one or both R-tailocins demonstrated that the killing spectrum of each tailocin is limited to Pseudomonas species...
May 19, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526785/effects-of-arginine-on-growth-virulence-gene-expression-and-stress-tolerance-by-streptococcus-mutans
#5
Brinta Chakraborty, Robert A Burne
Streptococcus mutans is a common constituent of oral biofilms and a primary etiologic agent of human dental caries. The bacteria associated with dental caries have a potent ability to produce organic acids from dietary carbohydrates and to grow and metabolize in acidic conditions. In contrast, many commensal bacteria produce ammonia through the arginine deiminase system (ADS), which moderates the pH of oral biofilms. Arginine metabolism by the ADS is a significant deterrent to the initiation and progression of dental caries...
May 19, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522726/draft-genome-sequences-of-bacillus-cereus-e41-and-bacillus-anthracis-f34-isolated-from-algerian-salt-lakes
#6
Mohamed Seghir Daas, Albert Remus R Rosana, Jeella Z Acedo, Farida Nateche, Salima Kebbouche-Gana, John C Vederas, Rebecca J Case
Two strains of Bacillus, B. cereus E41 and B. anthracis F34, were isolated from a salt lake in Aïn M'lila-Oum El Bouaghi, eastern Algeria, and Ain Baida-Ouargla, southern Algeria, respectively. Their genomes display genes for the production of several bioactive secondary metabolites, including polyhydroxyalkanoate, iron siderophores, lipopeptides, and bacteriocins.
May 18, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515717/the-leaderless-bacteriocin-enterocin-k1-is-highly-potent-against-enterococcus-faecium-a-study-on-structure-target-spectrum-and-receptor
#7
Kirill V Ovchinnikov, Per Eugen Kristiansen, Daniel Straume, Marianne S Jensen, Tamara Aleksandrzak-Piekarczyk, Ingolf F Nes, Dzung B Diep
Enterocin K1 (EntK1), enterocin EJ97 (EntEJ97), and LsbB are three sequence related leaderless bacteriocins. Yet LsbB kills only lactococci while EntK1 and EntEJ97 target wider spectra with EntK1 being particularly active against Enterococcus faecium, including nosocomial multidrug resistant isolates. NMR study of EntK1 showed that it had a structure very similar to LsbB - both having an amphiphilic N-terminal α-helix and an unstructured C-terminus. The α-helix in EntK1 is, however, about 3-4 residues longer than that of LsbB...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513457/bacteriocins-from-lactic-acid-bacteria-as-an-alternative-to-antibiotics
#8
Aleksandra Ołdak, Dorota Zielińska
Bacteriocins are ribosomally synthesized, proteinaceous substances that inhibit the growth of closely related species through numerous mechanisms. The classification system used in this review divided bacteriocins into four sub-groups based on their size. Currently, there is extensive research focused on bacteriocins and their usage as a food preservative. The increasing incidence of multidrug resistant bacterial pathogens is one of the most pressing medical problems in recent years. Recently, the potential clinical application of LAB (Lactic Acid Bacteria) bacteriocin has been the subject of investigations by many scientists...
May 5, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490071/recovery-of-a-bacteriocin-like-inhibitory-substance-from-pediococcus-acidilactici-kp10-using-surfactant-precipitation
#9
Fadzlie Wong Faizal Wong, Arbakariya B Ariff, Sahar Abbasiliasi, David C Stuckey
Bacteriocin is an important peptide which can be used as an anti-microbial agent in food. However, simpler and more cost-effective purification methods need to be developed compared to chromatography to enhance its commercial viability. Surfactant precipitation was employed for the first time to purify bacteriocin-like inhibitory substance (BLIS) from a fermentation broth of Pediococcus acidilactici Kp10, and the amount precipitated was investigated as a function of anionic surfactant (AOT) concentration, and pH...
October 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476774/a-multi-bacteriocin-cheese-starter-system-comprising-nisin-and-lacticin-3147-in-lactococcus-lactis-in-combination-with-plantaricin-from-lactobacillus-plantarum
#10
S Mills, C Griffin, P M O'Connor, L M Serrano, W C Meijer, C Hill, R P Ross
Functional starter cultures demonstrating superior technological and food safety properties are advantageous to the food fermentation industry. We evaluated the efficacy of single and double bacteriocin-producing starters of Lactococcus lactis capable of producing the Class I bacteriocins, nisin A and/or lacticin 3147 in terms of starter performance. Single producers were generated by mobilising the conjugative, bacteriophage resistance plasmid pMRC01, encoding lacticin genetic determinants, or the conjugative transposon Tn5276, encoding nisin genetic determinants, to the commercial starter L...
May 5, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473822/insights-into-the-mode-of-action-of-the-sactibiotic-thuricin-cd
#11
Harsh Mathur, Vincenzo Fallico, Paula M O'Connor, Mary C Rea, Paul D Cotter, Colin Hill, R Paul Ross
Thuricin CD is a two-component bacteriocin, consisting of the peptides Trnα and Trnβ, and belongs to the newly designated sactibiotic subclass of bacteriocins. While it is clear from studies conducted thus far that it is a narrow-spectrum bacteriocin, requiring the synergistic activity of the two peptides, the precise mechanism of action of thuricin CD has not been elucidated. This study used a combination of flow cytometry and traditional culture-dependent assays to ascertain the effects of the thuricin CD peptides on the morphology, physiology and viability of sensitive Bacillus firmus DPC6349 cells...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470335/improved-antimicrobial-activity-of-pediococcus-acidilactici-against-salmonella-gallinarum-by-uv-mutagenesis-and-genome-shuffling
#12
Geon Goo Han, Ahn Ah Song, Eun Bae Kim, Seong-Hyun Yoon, Jin-Duck Bok, Chong-Su Cho, Dong Yong Kil, Sang-Kee Kang, Yun-Jaie Choi
Pediococcus acidilactici is a widely used probiotic, and Salmonella enterica serovar Gallinarum (SG) is a significant pathogen in the poultry industry. In this study, we improved the antimicrobial activity of P. acidilactici against SG using UV mutation and genome shuffling (GS). To improve antimicrobial activity against SG, UV mutagenesis was performed against wild-type P. acidilactici (WT), and five mutants showed improved antimicrobial activity. To further improve antimicrobial activity, GS was performed on five UV mutants...
May 3, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467183/synergistic-effect-of-plantaricin-bm-1-combined-with-physicochemical-treatments-on-the-control-of-listeria-monocytogenes-in-cooked-ham
#13
Siqi Wu, Hongxing Zhang, Huimin Zhou, Junhua Jin, Yuanhong Xie
Plantaricin BM-1, a typical IIa bacteriocin, is produced by Lactobacillus plantarum BM-1, which can be isolated from a traditionally fermented Chinese meat product. This bacteriocin exhibits perfect thermal stability and broad inhibitory activity against certain foodborne pathogens. In this study, we investigated the effect of plantaricin BM-1 combined with physicochemical treatments (sodium nitrite, heat treatment, ultrahigh pressure technology) on the control of Listeria monocytogenes populations in cooked ham...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462050/a-profile-hidden-markov-model-to-investigate-the-distribution-and-frequency-of-lanb-encoding-lantibiotic-modification-genes-in-the-human-oral-and-gut-microbiome
#14
Calum J Walsh, Caitriona M Guinane, Paul W O' Toole, Paul D Cotter
BACKGROUND: The human microbiota plays a key role in health and disease, and bacteriocins, which are small, bacterially produced, antimicrobial peptides, are likely to have an important function in the stability and dynamics of this community. Here we examined the density and distribution of the subclass I lantibiotic modification protein, LanB, in human oral and stool microbiome datasets using a specially constructed profile Hidden Markov Model (HMM). METHODS: The model was validated by correctly identifying known lanB genes in the genomes of known bacteriocin producers more effectively than other methods, while being sensitive enough to differentiate between different subclasses of lantibiotic modification proteins...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457635/high-purity-nisin-alone-or-in-combination-with-sodium-hypochlorite-is-effective-against-planktonic-and-biofilm-populations-of%C3%A2-enterococcus-faecalis
#15
Ruma Kajwadkar, Jae M Shin, Guo-Hao Lin, J Christopher Fenno, Alexander H Rickard, Yvonne L Kapila
INTRODUCTION: Nisin, a broad-spectrum bacteriocin, has recently been highlighted for its biomedical applications. To date, no studies have examined the antimicrobial and antibiofilm properties of high-purity (>95%) nisin (nisin ZP) on Enterococcus faecalis and biofilms formed by this species. We hypothesize that nisin can inhibit E. faecalis and reduce biofilm biomass, and combinations of nisin and sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) will enhance the antibiofilm properties against E. faecalis biofilms...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439262/turn-up-the-heat-food-and-clinical-escherichia-coli-isolates-feature-two-transferrable-loci-of-heat-resistance
#16
Erik J Boll, Roger Marti, Henrik Hasman, Søren Overballe-Petersen, Marc Stegger, Kim Ng, Susanne Knøchel, Karen A Krogfelt, Joerg Hummerjohann, Carsten Struve
Heat treatment is a widely used process to reduce bacterial loads in the food industry or to decontaminate surfaces, e.g., in hospital settings. However, there are situations where lower temperatures must be employed, for instance in case of food production such as raw milk cheese or for decontamination of medical devices such as thermo-labile flexible endoscopes. A recently identified locus of heat resistance (LHR) has been shown to be present in and confer heat resistance to a variety of Enterobacteriaceae, including Escherichia coli isolates from food production settings and clinical ESBL-producing E...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438266/physiological-role-of-two-component-signal-transduction-systems-in-food-associated-lactic-acid-bacteria
#17
Vicente Monedero, Ainhoa Revilla-Guarinos, Manuel Zúñiga
Two-component systems (TCSs) are widespread signal transduction pathways mainly found in bacteria where they play a major role in adaptation to changing environmental conditions. TCSs generally consist of sensor histidine kinases that autophosphorylate in response to a specific stimulus and subsequently transfer the phosphate group to their cognate response regulators thus modulating their activity, usually as transcriptional regulators. In this review we present the current knowledge on the physiological role of TCSs in species of the families Lactobacillaceae and Leuconostocaceae of the group of lactic acid bacteria (LAB)...
2017: Advances in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432093/diversity-of-integrative-and-conjugative-elements-of-streptococcus-salivarius-and-their-intra-and-interspecies-transfer
#18
Narimane Dahmane, Virginie Libante, Florence Charron-Bourgoin, Eric Guédon, Gérard Guédon, Nathalie Leblond-Bourget, Sophie Payot
Integrative and Conjugative Elements (ICEs) are widespread chromosomal mobile genetic elements, which can transfer autonomously by conjugation in bacteria. Thirteen ICEs with a conjugation module closely related to that of ICESt3 of Streptococcus thermophilus were characterized in Streptococcus salivarius by whole genome sequencing. Sequence comparison highlighted ICE evolution by shuffling of 3 different integration/excision modules (for integration in the 3' end of fda, rpsI or rpmG genes) with the conjugation module of the ICESt3 subfamily...
April 21, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422156/anticancer-properties-of-a-defensin-like-class-iid-bacteriocin-laterosporulin10
#19
Piyush Baindara, Ankur Gautam, G P S Raghava, Suresh Korpole
Laterosporulin10 (LS10) is a defensin like peptide from Brevibacillus sp. strain SKDU10 that inhibited microbial pathogens. However, in this study, anticancer activity of LS10 was examined against different cancer cell lines and compared with normal cells. LS10 displayed cytotoxicity against cancer cells like MCF-7, HEK293T, HT1080, HeLa and H1299 at below 10 μM concentration, but not against prostate epithelium cells RWPE-1. Additionally, no hemolysis was observed at significantly higher concentration compared to IC50 values observed for different cancer cell lines...
April 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401466/antibacterial-effects-of-lactobacillus-isolates-of-curd-and-human-milk-origin-against-food-borne-and-human-pathogens
#20
Chetan Sharma, Brij Pal Singh, Nishchal Thakur, Sachin Gulati, Sanjolly Gupta, Santosh Kumar Mishra, Harsh Panwar
This study was undertaken to assess the antibacterial efficacy of lactobacilli isolated from curd and human milk samples. Identities of thirty-one different lactobacilli (20 from curd and 11 from human milk) were confirmed by genus-specific PCR and 16S rRNA-based sequencing. These strains belonged to five species, Lactobacillus casei, L. delbrueckii, L. fermentum, L. plantarum, and L. pentosus. Antibacterial activities of cell-free supernatants (CFSs) of all the Lactobacillus isolates were estimated through standard agar-well diffusion assay, against commonly occurring food-borne and clinically important human pathogens...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
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