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Vitória H M Mottin, Edna S Suyenaga
Acne and Atopic Dermatitis (AD) are chronic inflammatory skin conditions with severe impact on a patient's life. Current treatments are related to adverse effects and do not represent a definitive cure. The present paper reviews the alterations in skin microbiome, specifically in acne and AD, and aims in searching for potential treatments based on benefic microorganisms, called probiotics. The review was made through bibliographic search of the main databases (Science Direct, PubMed, Scielo, Medline) between September 2015 and June 2016...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
Zaid Amso, Sean W Bisset, Sung-Hyun Yang, Paul W R Harris, Tom H Wright, Claudio D Navo, Mark L Patchett, Gillian E Norris, Margaret A Brimble
Glycocin F (GccF) is a unique diglycosylated bacteriocin peptide that possesses potent and reversible bacteriostatic activity against a range of Gram-positive bacteria. GccF is a rare example of a 'glycoactive' bacteriocin, with both the O -linked N -acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) and the unusual S -linked GlcNAc moiety important for antibacterial activity. In this report, glycocin F was successfully prepared using a native chemical ligation strategy and folded into its native structure. The chemically synthesised glycocin appeared to be slightly more active than the recombinant material produced from Lactobacillus plantarum ...
February 14, 2018: Chemical Science
Petr Kralik, Vladimir Babak, Radka Dziedzinska
Cell-free supernatants (CFSs) extracted from various lactic acid bacteria (LAB) cultures were applied to Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) cells to determine their effect on MAP viability. In addition, 5% lactic acid (LA; pH 3) and commercially synthetized nisin bacteriocin were also tested. This procedure was chosen in order to mimic the influence of LAB compounds during the production and storage of fermented milk products, which can be contaminated by MAP. Its presence in milk and milk products is of public concern due to the possible ingestion of MAP by consumers and the discussed role of MAP in Crohn's disease...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Jessica A Gray, P Scott Chandry, Mandeep Kaur, Chawalit Kocharunchitt, John P Bowman, Edward M Fox
High mortality and hospitalization rates have seen Listeria monocytogenes as a foodborne pathogen of public health importance for many years and of particular concern for high-risk population groups. Food manufactures face an ongoing challenge in preventing the entry of L. monocytogenes into food production environments (FPEs) due to its ubiquitous nature. In addition to this, the capacity of L. monocytogenes strains to colonize FPEs can lead to repeated identification of L. monocytogenes in FPE surveillance...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
I Hansson, M Sandberg, I Habib, R Lowman, E O Engvall
Campylobacteriosis is an important, worldwide public health problem with numerous socio-economic impacts. Since 2015, approximately 230,000 cases have been reported annually in Europe. In the United States, Australia and New Zealand, campylobacteriosis is the most commonly reported disease. Poultry and poultry products are considered important sources of human infections. Poultry meat can become contaminated with Campylobacter during slaughter if live chickens are intestinal carriers. Campylobacter spp. can be transferred from animals to humans through consumption and handling of contaminated food products, with fresh chicken meat being the most commonly implicated food type...
April 16, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
Alejandra Altamirano-Barrera, Misael Uribe, Norberto C Chávez-Tapia, Natalia Nuño-Lámbarri
Several microorganisms belonging to the intestinal microbiota act in an ecosystem responsible for maintaining the homeostasis and vital functions of human beings. From birth to old age the diversity of the intestinal microbiota may change due to environmental factors such as nutrition, immunity, diseases or the use of antibiotics leading to dysbiosis. Improvement in microbiota diversity can be achieved by modifying related risk factors through changes in lifestyle and a healthy diet. Besides, the addition of probiotics, prebiotics or the combination of both (symbiotics), can result in the improvement of the intestinal permeability, inflammatory pathways and the immune system...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Cecilia Chiriac, Andreea Baricz, Cristian Coman
The draft genome assembly of Janthinobacterium sp. strain ROICE36 has 207 contigs, with a total genome size of 5,977,006 bp and a G+C content of 62%. Preliminary genome analysis identified 5,363 protein-coding genes and a total of 7 secondary metabolic gene clusters (encoding bacteriocins, nonribosomal peptide-synthetase [NRPS], terpene, hserlactone, and other ketide synthases).
April 12, 2018: Genome Announcements
Marta Martínez-García, Jean-Mathieu Bart, Jenny Campos-Salinas, Eva Valdivia, Manuel Martínez-Bueno, Elena González-Rey, Miguel Navarro, Mercedes Maqueda, Rubén Cebrián, José M Pérez-Victoria
The parasitic protozoan Trypanosoma brucei is the causative agent of human African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness) and nagana. Current drug therapies have limited efficacy, high toxicity and/or are continually hampered by the appearance of resistance. Antimicrobial peptides have recently attracted attention as potential parasiticidal compounds. Here, we explore circular bacteriocin AS-48's ability to kill clinically relevant bloodstream forms of T. brucei gambiense, T. brucei rhodesiense and T. brucei brucei...
March 12, 2018: International Journal for Parasitology, Drugs and Drug Resistance
Michiyo Matsumoto-Nakano
Streptococcus mutans has been implicated as a primary causative agent of dental caries in humans. An important virulence property of the bacterium is its ability to form biofilm known as dental plaque on tooth surfaces. In addition, this organism also produces glucosyltransferases, multiple glucan-binding proteins, protein antigen c, and collagen-binding protein, surface proteins that coordinate to produce dental plaque, thus inducing dental caries. Bacteria utilize quorum-sensing systems to modulate environmental stress responses...
February 2018: Japanese Dental Science Review
Yuxin Fu, Dongdong Mu, Wanjin Qiao, Duolong Zhu, Xiangxiang Wang, Fulu Liu, Haijin Xu, Per Saris, Oscar P Kuipers, Mingqiang Qiao
Nisin, an important bacteriocin from Lactococcus lactis subsp., is primarily active against various Gram-positive bacteria. Leucocin C, produced by Leuconostoc carnosum 4010, is a class IIa bacteriocin used to inhibit the growth of Listeria monocytogenes. Because two bacteriocins have different modes of action, the combined use of them could be a potential strategy for effective inhibition of foodborne pathogens. In this study, L. lactis N8-r-lecCI (N8 harboring lecCI gene) coexpressing nisin-leucocin C was constructed based on the food-grade carrier L...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
M Fatima C Ilagan-Cruzada, Albert Remus R Rosana, Andrew D Montecillo, Noel G Sabino, Ida F Dalmacio
Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. plantarum strain LB1-2, isolated from the hindgut of European honeybees in the Philippines, is active against Paenibacillus larvae and has broad activity against several Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The complete genome sequence reported herein contains gene clusters for multiple bacteriocins and extensive gene inventories for carbohydrate metabolism.
April 5, 2018: Genome Announcements
Wioletta Lisicka, Jakub Fikowicz-Krosko, Sylwia Jafra, Magdalena Narajczyk, Paulina Czaplewska, Robert Czajkowski
Dickeya solani is a Gram-negative necrotrophic, plant pathogenic bacterium able to cause symptoms in a variety of plant species worldwide. As a facultative anaerobe, D. solani is able to infect hosts under a broad range of oxygen concentrations found in plant environments. However, little is known about oxygen-dependent gene expression in Dickeya spp. that might contribute to its success as a pathogen. Using a Tn5 transposon, harboring a promoterless gusA reporter gene, 146 mutants of D. solani IPO2222 were identified that exhibited oxygen-regulated expression of the gene into which the insertion had occurred...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Sahar Abbasiliasi, Joo Shun Tan, Tengku Azmi Tengku Ibrahim, Ramakrishnan Nagasundara Ramanan, Saeid Kadkhodaei, Shuhaimi Mustafa, Arbakariya B Ariff
This paper deliberates the modelling and validation of bacteriocin-like inhibitory substance (BLIS) secretion by Pediococcus acidilactici Kp10 at different agitation speeds in a stirred tank bioreactor. A range of models namely the re-parameterised logistic, Luedeking-Piret and maintenance energy were assessed to predict the culture performance of the said bacterium. Growth of P. acidilactici Kp10 was enhanced with increased agitation speed up to 600 rpm while BLIS secretion was maximum at 400 rpm but decreased at higher agitation speed...
April 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Bin Zhou, Defeng Zhang
Infection following orthopedic surgery is a major complication that can have serious implications on patient health. The present study aimed to investigate the antibacterial effects of bacteriocins obtained from Lactobacillus rhamnosus on a rabbit model of Staphylococcus aureus infection following knee replacement surgery. Blood samples were collected 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 days after bacteriocin injection, and C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin (IL)-6 levels were measured using commercial ELISA kits. In addition, biofilm formation was evaluated by fluorescence microscopy...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Mohamed Seghir Daas, Albert Remus R Rosana, Jeella Z Acedo, Malika Douzane, Farida Nateche, Salima Kebbouche-Gana, John C Vederas
Bacillus paralicheniformis F47 was isolated from a salty lake in Ain Baida-Ouargla, southern Algeria. The genome contains genes for the production of several bioactive secondary metabolites, including the siderophore bacillibactin, the lipopeptides fengycin, surfactin, and lichenysin, the antibiotics bacitracin and kanosamine, and a putative circular bacteriocin.
March 29, 2018: Genome Announcements
Charles Y Wang, Suzanne Dawid
Many streptococci have evolved the ability for natural genetic competence. Recent studies have uncovered regulatory links between competence and the production of antimicrobial peptides called bacteriocins in multiple streptococcal species. This reveals a broadly distributed strategy among streptococci to exploit bacteriocin-mediated killing during competence for adaptive gain.
March 24, 2018: Trends in Microbiology
Enriqueta Garcia-Gutierrez, Melinda J Mayer, Paul D Cotter, Arjan Narbad
Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya and viruses coexist in the human gut, and this coexistence is functionally balanced by symbiotic or antagonistic relationships. Antagonism is often characterized by the production of antimicrobials against other organisms occupying the same environmental niche. Indeed, close co-evolution in the gut has led to the development of specialized antimicrobials, which is attracting increased attention as these may serve as novel alternatives to antibiotics and thereby help to address the global problem of antimicrobial resistance...
March 27, 2018: Gut Microbes
Alejandra Orihuel, Julieta Bonacina, María José Vildoza, Elena Bru, Graciela Vignolo, Lucila Saavedra, Silvina Fadda
The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of meat curing agents on the bioprotective activity of the bacteriocinogenic strain, Enterococcus (E.) mundtii CRL35 against Listeria (L.) monocytogenes during meat fermentation. The ability of E. mundtii CRL35 to grow, acidify and produce bacteriocin in situ was assayed in a meat model system in the presence of curing additives (CA). E. mundtii CRL35 showed optimal growth and acidification rates in the presence of CA. More importantly, the highest bacteriocin titer was achieved in the presence of these food agents...
May 2018: Food Research International
Priyanka Premnath, Michael Reck, Kathrin Wittstein, Marc Stadler, Irene Wagner-Döbler
BACKGROUND: Within the polymicrobial dental plaque biofilm, bacteria kill competitors by excreting mixtures of bacteriocins, resulting in improved fitness and survival. Inhibiting their bacteriocin synthesis might therefore be a useful strategy to eliminate specific pathogens. We used Streptococcus mutans, a highly acidogenic inhabitant of dental plaque, as a model and searched for natural products that reduced mutacin synthesis. To this end we fused the promoter of mutacin VI to the GFP+ gene and integrated the construct into the genome of S...
March 27, 2018: BMC Microbiology
Eric Johansen
The fermented foods industry is constantly seeking new starter cultures to deal with changing consumer preferences and new fermentation processes. New cultures can either be composed of strains isolated from nature or improved derivatives of existing isolates. A variety of techniques involving natural selection and evolution are available to enhance the performance of existing strains, including the isolation of mutants with desired properties, adaptive laboratory evolution, genome shuffling, and genome editing...
March 25, 2018: Annual Review of Food Science and Technology
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